Glossary of pharmacology

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  • Absorption -  (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid; (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium; the mental state of being preoccupied by something; complete attention; intense mental effort; the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
  • AC -  an electric current that reverses direction sinusoidally; a radioactive element of the actinide series; found in uranium ores
  • acetaminophen -  an analgesic for mild pain; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)
  • Acetic acid -  a colorless pungent liquid widely used in manufacturing plastics and pharmaceuticals
  • Acetone -  the simplest ketone; a highly inflammable liquid widely used as an organic solvent and as material for making plastics
  • Acetylsalicylic acid -  the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • Achromycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Achromycin) derived from microorganisms of the genus Streptomyces and used broadly to treat infections
  • Acrylamide -  a white crystalline amide of propenoic acid can damage the nervous system and is carcinogenic in laboratory animals
  • ACTH -  a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • Actifed -  trade name for a drug containing an antihistamine and a decongestant; used to treat upper respiratory conditions and minor allergies
  • Actinium -  a radioactive element of the actinide series; found in uranium ores
  • Activase -  a thrombolytic agent (trade name Activase) that causes fibrinolysis at the site of a blood clot; used in treating acute myocardial infarction
  • Activated carbon -  powdered or granular carbon used for purifying by adsorption; given orally (as a slurry) it is an antidote for some kinds of poisons
  • Acular -  nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Acular and Toradol) that is administered only intramuscularly
  • Adapin -  a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Adapin and Sinequan) with numerous side effects (dry mouth and sedation and gastrointestinal disturbances)
  • Adenosine triphosphate -  a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
  • ADH -  hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • Adherence -  faithful support for a religion or cause or political party; the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • Adjuvant -  enhancing the action of a medical treatment; furnishing added support;  an additive that enhances the effectiveness of medical treatment
  • Agonist -  (biochemistry) a drug that can combine with a receptor on a cell to produce a physiological reaction; a muscle that contracts while another relaxes; someone involved in a contest or battle (as in an agon); the principal character in a work of fiction
  • Airlock -  a chamber that provides access to space where air is under pressure
  • AL -  a state in the southeastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • Alanine -  a crystalline amino acid that occurs in many proteins
  • Aldactone -  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
  • Aldomet -  antihypertensive drug (trade name Aldomet) used in the treatment of high blood pressure
  • Aleve -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trademarks Aleve and Anaprox and Aflaxen)
  • Alginic acid -  a gum used especially as a thickener or emulsifier
  • Alka-Seltzer -  a commercial antacid; tablets dissolve in water to give an effervescent solution
  • Alkeran -  antineoplastic drug (trade name Alkeran) used to treat multiple myeloma and some other malignancies
  • Allopurinol -  a drug (trade name Zyloprim) used to treat gout and other conditions in which there is an excessive buildup of uric acid
  • Alpha -  early testing stage of a software or hardware product; first in order of importance;  the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet; the beginning of a series or sequence
  • Alpha -  early testing stage of a software or hardware product; first in order of importance;  the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet; the beginning of a series or sequence
  • Alprazolam -  an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
  • Alupent -  a bronchodilator (trade name Alupent) used to treat asthma and emphysema and other lung conditions; available in oral or inhalant forms; side effects include tachycardia and shakiness
  • AM -  modulation of the amplitude of the (radio) carrier wave; a master's degree in arts and sciences; a radioactive transuranic metallic element; discovered by bombarding uranium with helium atoms
  • Ambergris -  waxy substance secreted by the sperm whale and found floating at sea or washed ashore; used in perfume
  • Ambidexterity -  the property of being equally skillful with each hand
  • Ambrosia -  (classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal; fruit dessert made of oranges and bananas with shredded coconut; any of numerous chiefly North American weedy plants constituting the genus Ambrosia that produce highly allergenic pollen responsible for much hay fever and asthma; a mixture of nectar and pollen prepared by worker bees and fed to larvae
  • Amen -  a primeval Egyptian personification of air and breath; worshipped especially at Thebes
  • Amino -  pertaining to or containing any of a group of organic compounds of nitrogen derived from ammonia;  the radical -NH2
  • Aminopyrine -  a white crystalline substance used as an analgesic and antipyretic
  • Amiodarone -  an antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Cordarone) that has potentially fatal side effects and is used to control serious heart rhythm problems only when safer agents have been ineffective
  • Amitriptyline -  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • Amobarbital -  a barbiturate with sedative and hypnotic effects; used to relive insomnia and as an anticonvulsant
  • Amoxicillin -  an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • Amoxil -  an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • Amphetamine -  a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
  • Ampicillin -  semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK-Ampicillin)
  • Ampoule -  a small bottle that contains a drug (especially a sealed sterile container for injection by needle)
  • Anaprox -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trademarks Aleve and Anaprox and Aflaxen)
  • Anodyne -  capable of relieving pain;  a medicine used to relieve pain
  • Ansaid -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Ansaid) that is administered only orally
  • Antabuse -  a drug (trade name Antabuse) used in the treatment of alcoholism; causes nausea and vomiting if alcohol is ingested
  • antagonist -  a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug; a muscle that relaxes while another contracts; someone who offers opposition
  • Antibiotic -  of or relating to antibiotic drugs;  a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections
  • Antidepressant -  any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
  • Antidote -  a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison
  • Antifungal -  capable of destroying fungi;  any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi
  • Antiprotozoal -  a medicinal drug used to fight diseases (like malaria) that are caused by protozoa
  • Antipsychotic -  tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • Antivert -  an antihistamine (trade name Antivert) used to treat or prevent motion sickness
  • Aphrodisiac -  exciting sexual desire;  a drug or other agent that stimulates sexual desire
  • Apothecary -  a health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
  • Apresoline -  an antihypertensive drug (trade name Apresoline) that dilates blood vessels; used (often with a diuretic) to treat hypertension and congestive heart failure
  • Arava -  an anti-TNF compound (trade name Arava) that is given orally; can slow the progression of rheumatoid arthritis by slowing the proliferation of white blood cells which reduces inflammation in the synovium
  • Aristocort -  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti-inflammatory agent
  • Arsenic -  a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar; a white powdered poisonous trioxide of arsenic; used in manufacturing glass and as a pesticide (rat poison) and weed killer
  • Arsenic trioxide -  a white powdered poisonous trioxide of arsenic; used in manufacturing glass and as a pesticide (rat poison) and weed killer
  • AS -  to the same degree (often followed by `as');  a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa; a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
  • AS -  to the same degree (often followed by `as');  a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa; a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
  • Asparaginase -  antineoplastic drug (trade name Elspar) sometimes used to treat lymphoblastic leukemia
  • Aspirin -  the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • Astringent -  tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue; sour or bitter in taste;  a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals
  • Atabrine -  a drug (trade name Atabrine) used to treat certain worm infestations and once used to treat malaria
  • Atarax -  a drug (trade names Atarax and Vistaril) used as a tranquilizer to treat anxiety and motion sickness
  • Atenolol -  an oral beta blocker (trade name Tenormin) used in treating hypertension and angina; has adverse side effects (depression and exacerbation of congestive heart failure etc.)
  • Ativan -  tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
  • Atorvastatin -  an oral drug (trade name Lipitor) that is effective in lowering triglycerides; potent in reducing LDL cholesterol because higher doses can be given
  • Atromid-S -  a drug (trade name Atromid-S) that reduces lipids in the blood serum; used to treat some cardiovascular diseases
  • Atropine -  a poisonous crystalline alkaloid extracted from the nightshade family; used as an antispasmodic and to dilate the eye pupil; also administered in large amounts as an antidote for organophosphate nerve agents or organophosphate insecticides
  • Atrovent -  an inhaled bronchodilator (trade name Atrovent)
  • Augmentation -  the act of augmenting; the statement of a theme in notes of greater duration (usually twice the length of the original); the amount by which something increases
  • Augmentin -  an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • Aureomycin -  a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trade name Aureomycin) used to treat certain bacterial and rickettsial diseases
  • Autoinjector -  a hypodermic syringe to use in injecting yourself with a liquid
  • Automatism -  any reaction that occurs automatically without conscious thought or reflection (especially the undirected behavior seen in psychomotor epilepsy)
  • Azactam -  an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects
  • Azathioprine -  an immunosuppressive drug (trade name Imuran) used to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ
  • Aztreonam -  an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects
  • Babylon -  the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
  • bacitracin -  a polypeptide antibiotic of known chemical structure effective against several types of Gram-positive organisms; usually applied locally
  • Band Aid -  hurried repair; trade name for an adhesive bandage to cover small cuts or blisters
  • bar -  a rigid piece of metal or wood; usually used as a fastening or obstruction or weapon; an obstruction (usually metal) placed at the top of a goal; a counter where you can obtain food or drink; (law) a railing that encloses the part of the courtroom where the judges and lawyers sit and the case is tried; a heating element in an electric fire; a horizontal rod that serves as a support for gymnasts as they perform exercises; a submerged (or partly submerged) ridge in a river or along a shore; (meteorology) a unit of pressure equal to a million dynes per square centimeter; the act of preventing; a room or establishment where alcoholic drinks are served over a counter; a portable .30 caliber automatic rifle operated by gas pressure and fed by cartridges from a magazine; used by United States troops in World War I and in World War II and in the Korean War; a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats; the body of individuals qualified to practice law in a particular jurisdiction; verb prevent from entering; keep out; secure with, or as if with, bars; render unsuitable for passage; expel, as if by official decree
  • base -  debased; not genuine; illegitimate; having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality; of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense); not adhering to ethical or moral principles; (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal; serving as or forming a base;  a support or foundation; place that runner must touch before scoring; (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector; installation from which a military force initiates operations; a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit; the principal ingredient of a mixture; the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end; (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment; the bottom or lowest part; (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place; the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed; any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water; lowest support of a structure; the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area; the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained; (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed; a lower limit; a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries; the most important or necessary part of something; verb use as a basis for; found on; assign to a station; use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
  • BAY -  (used of animals especially a horse) of a moderate reddish-brown color;  a horse of a moderate reddish-brown color; a compartment in an aircraft used for some specific purpose; a compartment on a ship between decks; often used as a hospital; the sound of a hound on the scent; an indentation of a shoreline larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf; a small recess opening off a larger room; small Mediterranean evergreen tree with small blackish berries and glossy aromatic leaves used for flavoring in cooking; also used by ancient Greeks to crown victors; verb bark with prolonged noises, of dogs; utter in deep prolonged tones
  • Baycol -  an oral drug (trade name Baycol) to reduce blood cholesterol levels
  • Bayer -  the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • BD -  a bachelor's degree in religion
  • Benadryl -  antihistamine (trade name Benadryl) used to treat allergic reactions involving the nasal passages (hay fever) and also to treat motion sickness
  • Benzocaine -  a white crystalline ester used as a local anesthetic
  • Benzoic acid -  a white crystalline solid occurring in many resins
  • Benzoyl peroxide -  a white crystalline peroxide used in bleaching (flour or oils or fats) and as a catalyst for free radical reactions
  • Benzylpenicillin -  the penicillin that constitutes the principal component of many commercial antibiotics
  • Beta -  preliminary or testing stage of a software or hardware product; second in order of importance;  the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet; beets
  • biochemistry -  the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occuring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
  • biology -  the science that studies living organisms; characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms; all the plant and animal life of a particular region
  • Blocadren -  a beta blocker (trade name Blocadren) administered after heart attacks
  • Blood -  temperament or disposition; the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart; people viewed as members of a group; the descendants of one individual; a dissolute man in fashionable society; verb smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
  • Bolus -  a large pill; used especially in veterinary medicine; a small round soft mass (as of chewed food)
  • book -  physical objects consisting of a number of pages bound together; a number of sheets (ticket or stamps etc.) bound together on one edge; a major division of a long written composition; a written work or composition that has been published (printed on pages bound together); a collection of rules or prescribed standards on the basis of which decisions are made; a collection of playing cards satisfying the rules of a card game; the sacred writings of the Christian religions; the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina; a compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone; a written version of a play or other dramatic composition; used in preparing for a performance; a record in which commercial accounts are recorded; verb engage for a performance; record a charge in a police register; register in a hotel booker; arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance
  • Boron -  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder
  • Bot -  botfly larva; typically develops inside the body of a horse or sheep or human
  • Botox -  a neurotoxin (trade name Botox) that is used clinically in small quantities to treat strabismus and facial spasms and other neurological disorders characterized by abnormal muscle contractions; is also used by cosmetic surgeons to smooth frown lines temporarily
  • Botulinum toxin -  any of several neurotoxins that are produced by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum; causes muscle paralysis
  • brand -  a recognizable kind; identification mark on skin, made by burning; a piece of wood that has been burned or is burning; a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and a hilt with a hand guard; a symbol of disgrace or infamy; a name given to a product or service; verb burn with a branding iron to indicate ownership; of animals; mark or expose as infamous; to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful
  • Brevibloc -  intravenous beta blocker (trade name Brevibloc) that acts for only a short time; used primarily for cardiac arrhythmias
  • Bufferin -  aspirin coated with a substance capable of neutralizing acid (trade name Bufferin)
  • Burke -  English statesman famous for his oratory; pleaded the cause of the American colonists in British Parliament and defended the parliamentary system (1729-1797); United States frontierswoman and legendary figure of the Wild West noted for her marksmanship (1852-1903); verb get rid of, silence, or suppress; murder without leaving a trace on the body
  • Burroughs -  United States novelist and author of the Tarzan stories (1875-1950); United States inventor who patented the first practical adding machine (1855-1898); United States writer noted for his works portraying the life of drug addicts (1914-1997)
  • businessman -  a person engaged in commercial or industrial business (especially an owner or executive)
  • Buspar -  a drug (trade name BuSpar) designed specifically for anxiety
  • Buspirone -  a drug (trade name BuSpar) designed specifically for anxiety
  • Butazolidin -  anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Butazolidin)
  • Butyl nitrite -  a colorless pungent liquid sometimes used as a stimulant drug by drug abusers
  • Cadmium -  a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic element; occurs in association with zinc ores
  • Caffeine -  a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • Calamine -  a white mineral; a common ore of zinc
  • Calcium -  a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • Calcium carbonate -  a salt found in nature as chalk or calcite or aragonite or limestone
  • Calomel -  a tasteless colorless powder used medicinally as a cathartic
  • Camphor -  a resin obtained from the camphor tree; used in making celluloid and liniment
  • Cannabis -  the most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect; any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • Capoten -  a drug (trade name Capoten) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidneys resulting in vasodilation; used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure
  • Capsule -  a pill in the form of a small rounded gelatinous container with medicine inside; a small container; a structure that encloses a body part; a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses; a pilot's seat in an airplane that can be forcibly ejected in the case of an emergency; then the pilot descends by parachute; a spacecraft designed to transport people and support human life in outer space; a shortened version of a written work; verb enclose in a capsule; put in a short or concise form; reduce in volume
  • Captopril -  a drug (trade name Capoten) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidneys resulting in vasodilation; used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure
  • Car -  a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine; a wheeled vehicle adapted to the rails of railroad; where passengers ride up and down; the compartment that is suspended from an airship and that carries personnel and the cargo and the power plant; a conveyance for passengers or freight on a cable railway
  • Carafate -  medicine consisting of a tablet (trade name Carafate) used to treat peptic ulcers; said to bind to the ulcer site and coat it
  • Carbon -  a copy made with carbon paper; an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
  • carboxylate - verb treat (a chemical compound) with carboxyl or carboxylic acid
  • carboxylic acid -  an organic acid characterized by one or more carboxyl groups
  • Cardizem -  a calcium blocker (trade name Cardizem) used in treating hypertension or angina or heart failure
  • Carvedilol -  beta blocker that can reduce the progression of heart failure in individuals whose disease is not advanced
  • Castor oil -  a purgative extracted from the seed of the castor plant; used in paint and varnish as well as medically
  • Cataflam -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Cataflam)
  • Catapres -  an antihypertensive (trade name Catapres) that can be administered orally or via transdermal patches
  • CC -  a metric unit of volume equal to one thousandth of a liter
  • Cefobid -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Cefobid) used for severe infections
  • Cefoperazone -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Cefobid) used for severe infections
  • Cefotaxime -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Claforan) used for severe infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • Ceftazidime -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade names Fortaz and Tazicef) used to treat moderate infections
  • Ceftin -  a cephalosporin that can be given parenterally (trade name Zinacef) or orally by tablets (trade name Ceftin); indicated for infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract or meninges
  • Ceftriaxone -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Rocephin) used for severe infection of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • Cefuroxime -  a cephalosporin that can be given parenterally (trade name Zinacef) or orally by tablets (trade name Ceftin); indicated for infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract or meninges
  • Celebrex -  a Cox-2 inhibitor (trade name Celebrex) that relieves pain without harming the digestive tract
  • Celecoxib -  a Cox-2 inhibitor (trade name Celebrex) that relieves pain without harming the digestive tract
  • Cellulose -  a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers
  • Centrum -  the main body of a vertebra
  • Cerate -  a hard medicated paste made of lard or oil mixed with wax or resin
  • Cerivastatin -  an oral drug (trade name Baycol) to reduce blood cholesterol levels
  • CGS -  system of measurement based on centimeters and grams and seconds
  • chemist -  a scientist who specializes in chemistry; a health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
  • chemistry -  the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions; the way two individuals relate to each other
  • chemotherapy -  the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease (or mental illness)
  • Chlor-Trimeton -  an antihistamine (trade names Coricidin and Chlor-Trimeton)
  • Chloral hydrate -  a colorless crystalline drug used as a sedative; irritates the stomach and can be addictive
  • Chlorambucil -  an alkalating agent (trade name Leukeran) used to treat some kinds of cancer
  • Chloramphenicol -  an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
  • Chlordiazepoxide -  a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
  • Chlorhexidine -  a long-lasting liquid antiseptic; used by surgeons to wash their hands before performing surgery
  • chloride -  any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion); any compound containing a chlorine atom
  • Chlorine -  a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
  • Chloromycetin -  an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
  • Chloroquine -  an antimalarial drug used to treat malaria and amebic dysentery and systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Chlorothiazide -  a diuretic drug (trade name Diuril) used in the treatment of edema and hypertension
  • Chlorpromazine -  a drug (trade name Thorazine) derived from phenothiazine that has antipsychotic effects and is used as a sedative and tranquilizer
  • chlorthalidone -  a diuretic (trade names Hygroton and Thalidone) used to control hypertension and conditions that cause edema; effective in lowering blood pressure to prevent heart attacks
  • Cholesterol -  an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
  • Cholic acid -  an insoluble crystalline acid present in bile
  • CHON -  100 chon equal 1 won in North Korea; 100 chon equal 1 won in South Korea
  • Chromium -  a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • CI -  a unit of radioactivity equal to the amount of a radioactive isotope that decays at the rate of 37,000,000,000 disintegrations per second
  • Cialis -  virility drug (trade name Cialis) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • cigarette -  finely ground tobacco wrapped in paper; for smoking
  • Cimetidine -  a drug (trade name Tagamet) used to treat peptic ulcers by decreasing the secretion of stomach acid
  • Cipro -  an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
  • Ciprofloxacin -  an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
  • cis -  an alliance made up of states that had been Soviet Socialist Republics in the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in Dec 1991
  • Citric acid -  a weak water-soluble acid found in many fruits (especially citrus fruits); used as a flavoring agent
  • Claforan -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Claforan) used for severe infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • Clean -  free of drugs; free from clumsiness; precisely or deftly executed; not carrying concealed weapons; (of a record) having no marks of discredit or offense; free from dirt or impurities; or having clean habits; (of behavior or especially language) free from objectionable elements; fit for all observers; not spreading pollution or contamination; especially radioactive contamination; ritually clean or pure; thorough and without qualification; exhibiting or calling for sportsmanship or fair play; (of a manuscript) having few alterations or corrections; morally pure; without difficulties or problems; free from impurities; (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims; free of restrictions or qualifications; (of a surface) not written or printed on; free from sepsis or infection;  completely; used as intensifiers; in conformity with the rules or laws and without fraud or cheating;  a weightlift in which the barbell is lifted to shoulder height and then jerked overhead; verb remove unwanted substances from, such as feathers or pits; remove shells or husks from; remove while making clean; make clean by removing dirt, filth, or unwanted substances from; remove all contents or possession from, or empty completely; deprive wholly of money in a gambling game, robbery, etc.; be cleanable; clean one's body or parts thereof, as by washing; remove unwanted substances from; clean and tidy up the house
  • Clear -  of complexion; without such blemishes as e.g. acne; clear to the mind; free from cloudiness; allowing light to pass through; free from confusion or doubt; free from clouds or mist or haze; characterized by ease and quickness in perceiving; clear and distinct to the senses; easily perceptible; (especially of a title) free from any encumbrance or limitation that presents a question of fact or law; free from contact or proximity or connection; easily deciphered; clear of charges or deductions; affording free passage or view; free from flaw or blemish or impurity; characterized by freedom from troubling thoughts (especially guilt); accurately stated or described; freed from any question of guilt; (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims; free of restrictions or qualifications;  completely; in an easily perceptible manner;  the state of being free of suspicion; a clear or unobstructed space or expanse of land or water; verb free (the throat) by making a rasping sound; remove; make a way or path by removing objects; remove the occupants of; remove (people) from a building; rid of instructions or data; make clear, bright, light, or translucent; make free from confusion or ambiguity; make clear; settle, as of a debt; pass an inspection or receive authorization; pass by, over, or under without making contact; go away or disappear; sell; be debited and credited to the proper bank accounts; clear from impurities, blemishes, pollution, etc.; free from payment of customs duties, as of a shipment; rid of obstructions; grant authorization or clearance for; proce not guilty of criminal charges; earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages; make as a net profit; yield as a net profit; go unchallenged; be approved; become clear
  • Clearance -  permission to proceed; the distance by which one thing clears another; the space between them; vertical space available to allow easy passage under something
  • Clinical trial -  a rigorously controlled test of a new drug or a new invasive medical device on human subjects; in the United States it is conducted under the direction of the FDA before being made available for general clinical use
  • Clinoril -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Clinoril)
  • Clioquinol -  drug used to treat certain fungal infection (as athlete's foot)
  • Clofibrate -  a drug (trade name Atromid-S) that reduces lipids in the blood serum; used to treat some cardiovascular diseases
  • Clomid -  a fertility drug (trade name Clomid) that is used to stimulate ovulation and that has been associated with multiple births
  • Clomiphene -  a fertility drug (trade name Clomid) that is used to stimulate ovulation and that has been associated with multiple births
  • Clonidine -  an antihypertensive (trade name Catapres) that can be administered orally or via transdermal patches
  • Clozapine -  an antipsychotic drug (trade name Clozaril) used as a sedative and for treatment-resistant schizophrenia; know to have few side effects
  • Clozaril -  an antipsychotic drug (trade name Clozaril) used as a sedative and for treatment-resistant schizophrenia; know to have few side effects
  • Co -  a state in west central United States in the Rocky Mountains; one who refuses to serve in the armed forces on grounds of conscience; a hard ferromagnetic silver-white bivalent or trivalent metallic element; a trace element in plant and animal nutrition; an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon
  • Coal tar -  a tar formed from distillation of bituminous coal; coal tar can be further distilled to give various aromatic compounds
  • Cobalt -  a hard ferromagnetic silver-white bivalent or trivalent metallic element; a trace element in plant and animal nutrition
  • Coca Cola -  Coca Cola is a trademarked cola
  • Cocoa butter -  the vegetable fat from the cacao that is extracted from chocolate liquor; the basis for white chocolate; a yellow-white fat from cocoa beans
  • Codeine -  derivative of opium; used as an antitussive (to relieve coughing) and an analgesic (to relive pain)
  • Col -  a pass between mountain peaks
  • Cold medicine -  medicine intended to relieve the symptoms of the common cold
  • Colloid -  a mixture with properties between those of a solution and fine suspension
  • Collyrium -  lotion consisting of a solution used as a cleanser for the eyes
  • company -  an institution created to conduct business; a unit of firefighters including their equipment; a social gathering of guests or companions; organization of performers and associated personnel (especially theatrical); small military unit; usually two or three platoons; the state of being with someone; crew of a ship including the officers; the whole force or personnel of a ship; a band of people associated temporarily in some activity; a social or business visitor; verb be a companion to somebody
  • Compartment -  a partitioned section or separate room within a larger enclosed area; a small space or subdivision for storage
  • Compounding -  the act of combining things to form a new whole
  • Condom -  contraceptive device consisting of a sheath of thin rubber or latex that is worn over the penis during intercourse
  • Copper -  any of various small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae having coppery wings; a reddish-brown color resembling the color of polished copper; a copper penny; a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor; uncomplimentary terms for a policeman; verb coat with a layer of copper
  • Copper -  any of various small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae having coppery wings; a reddish-brown color resembling the color of polished copper; a copper penny; a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor; uncomplimentary terms for a policeman; verb coat with a layer of copper
  • Cordarone -  an antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Cordarone) that has potentially fatal side effects and is used to control serious heart rhythm problems only when safer agents have been ineffective
  • Cordial -  sincerely or intensely felt; showing warm and heartfelt friendliness; diffusing warmth and friendliness;  strong highly flavored sweet liquor usually drunk after a meal
  • Corgard -  a beta-adrenergic blocking agent (trade name Corgard) that is used to treat hypertension and angina
  • Coricidin -  an antihistamine (trade names Coricidin and Chlor-Trimeton)
  • Cortef -  an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • Cortisone -  a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
  • Counterirritant -  a medicine applied locally to produce superficial inflammation in order to reduce deeper inflammation
  • Course -  as might be expected;  a mode of action; education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings; facility consisting of a circumscribed area of land or water laid out for a sport; (construction) a layer of masonry; part of a meal served at one time; a connected series of events or actions or developments; general line of orientation; a line or route along which something travels or moves; verb hunt with hounds; move swiftly through or over; move along, of liquids
  • CR -  a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • Cream -  toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin; the part of milk containing the butterfat; the best people or things in a group; verb add cream to one's coffee, for example; put on cream, as on one's face or body; beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight; make creamy by beating; remove from the surface
  • Creatine -  an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine; supplies energy for muscle contraction
  • Crixivan -  a protease inhibitor (trade name Crixivan) used for treating HIV
  • Cuprimine -  a drug (trade name Cuprimine) used to treat heavy metal poisoning and Wilson's disease and severe arthritis
  • Cure -  a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain; verb prepare by drying, salting, or chemical processing in order to preserve; be or become preserved; make (substances) hard and improve their usability; provide a cure for, make healthy again
  • Cyclobenzaprine -  muscle relaxant (trade name Flexeril) used for muscle spasms or acute injury
  • Cycloserine -  an antibiotic that is especially active against the tubercle bacillus
  • Cyproheptadine -  an antihistamine (trade name Periactin) used to treat some allergic reactions
  • Dalmane -  tranquilizer (trade name Dalmane) used to treat insomnia
  • Dapsone -  antibacterial drug used to treat leprosy and some kinds of skin diseases
  • Darvon -  a mildly narcotic analgesic drug (trade name Darvon) related to methadone but less addictive
  • Daypro -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Daypro)
  • Decadron -  a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
  • Declomycin -  tetracycline antibacterial (trade name Declomycin) effective in the treatment of some bacterial and rickettsial and other infections
  • Decoction -  (pharmacology) the extraction by boiling of water-soluble drug substances
  • Delavirdine -  a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (trade name Rescriptor) used to treat AIDS and HIV
  • Demerol -  a synthetic narcotic drug (trade name Demerol) used to treat pain
  • Demulcent -  having a softening or soothing effect especially to the skin;  a medication (in the form of an oil or salve etc.) that soothes inflamed or injured skin
  • Denatured alcohol -  ethyl alcohol that is unfit for drinking but is still useful for other purposes
  • Dermis -  the deep vascular inner layer of the skin
  • Desyrel -  oral antidepressant (trade name Desyrel) that is a nontricyclic drug used as a sedative
  • Dexamethasone -  a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
  • Dexedrine -  an isomer of amphetamine (trade name Dexedrine) used as a central nervous system stimulant
  • Diabeta -  an oral antidiabetic drug (trade names DiaBeta and Micronase) that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas
  • Diacetylmorphine -  a narcotic that is considered a hard drug; a highly addictive morphine derivative; intravenous injection provides the fastest and most intense rush
  • Diaphragm -  a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of aperture of the lens; electro-acoustic transducer that vibrates to receive or produce sound waves; a contraceptive device consisting of a flexible dome-shaped cup made of rubber or plastic; it is filled with spermicide and fitted over the uterine cervix; (anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities; functions in respiration
  • Diazepam -  a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning
  • Diazoxide -  vasodilator (trade name Hyperstat) used to treat severe hypertension
  • Dicloxacillin -  antibacterial (trade name Dynapen) used to treat staphylococcal infections that are resistant to penicillin
  • Diethylstilbestrol -  a potent estrogen used in medicine and in feed for livestock and poultry
  • Digitoxin -  digitalis preparation used to treat congestive heart failure or cardiac arrhythmia
  • Digoxin -  digitalis preparation (trade name Lanoxin) used to treat congestive heart failure or cardiac arrhythmia; helps the heart beat more forcefully
  • Dilantin -  an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat epilepsy and that is not a sedative
  • Dilaudid -  a narcotic analgesic (trade name Dilaudid) used to treat moderate to severe pain
  • Diltiazem -  a calcium blocker (trade name Cardizem) used in treating hypertension or angina or heart failure
  • Dimenhydrinate -  antihistamine and antiemetic (trade name Dramamine) used to treat motion sickness
  • Dimetane -  antihistamine (trade name Dimetane) used to treat hypersensitivity reactions (as rhinitis)
  • Dimetapp -  trade name for a drug containing an antihistamine and a decongestant; used to relieve nasal congestion and to treat rhinitis
  • Directive -  showing the way by conducting or leading; imposing direction on;  a procement encouraging or banning some activity
  • Dispensary -  clinic where medicine and medical supplies are dispensed
  • Distribution -  the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning; the commercial activity of transporting and selling goods from a producer to a consumer; the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume; (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
  • disulfiram -  a drug (trade name Antabuse) used in the treatment of alcoholism; causes nausea and vomiting if alcohol is ingested
  • Diuril -  a diuretic drug (trade name Diuril) used in the treatment of edema and hypertension
  • Docking -  the act of securing an arriving vessel with ropes
  • Dolobid -  nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (trade name Dolobid) used to treat arthritis and other inflammatory conditions
  • Dopamine -  a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
  • Doriden -  sedative (trade name Doriden) used to treat some sleep disorders
  • Dose -  a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time; the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time; street name for lysergic acid diethylamide; a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact; verb treat with an agent; add (an agent) to; administer a drug to
  • Dose -  a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time; the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time; street name for lysergic acid diethylamide; a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact; verb treat with an agent; add (an agent) to; administer a drug to
  • Douche -  irrigation with a jet of water or medicated solution into or around a body part (especially the vagina) to treat infections or cleanse from odorous contents; a small syringe with detachable nozzles; used for vaginal lavage and enemas; verb direct a spray of water into a bodily cavity, for cleaning
  • Dover's powder -  a medicinal powder made essentially of ipecac and opium; formerly used to relieve pain and induce perspiration
  • Doxorubicin -  an antibiotic used as an anticancer drug
  • Doxycycline -  an antibiotic derived from tetracycline that is effective against many infections
  • DPT vaccine -  abbreviation for combination vaccine against diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus toxoids; usually given in a series of injections in early childhood
  • Dronabinol -  psychoactive substance present in marijuana; used therapeutically to control nausea associated with cancer therapy
  • Drug -  a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic; verb administer a drug to; use recreational drugs
  • Dune -  a ridge of sand created by the wind; found in deserts or near lakes and oceans
  • Durabolin -  an androgen (trade names Durabolin or Kabolin) that is used to treat testosterone deficiency or breast cancer or osteoporosis
  • Dust -  fine powdery material such as dry earth or pollen that can be blown about in the air; free microscopic particles of solid material; the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up; verb remove the dust from; rub the dust over a surface so as to blur the outlines of a shape; cover with a light dusting of a substance; distribute loosely
  • Dynapen -  antibacterial (trade name Dynapen) used to treat staphylococcal infections that are resistant to penicillin
  • E-Mycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative
  • EC -  an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
  • Edecrin -  diuretic (trade name Edecrin) used to treat edema
  • Edronax -  an antidepressant drug that blocks the reuptake of norepinephrine
  • Education -  the profession of teaching (especially at a school or college or university); the activities of educating or instructing; activities that impart knowledge or skill; the result of good upbringing (especially knowledge of correct social behavior); the gradual process of acquiring knowledge; knowledge acquired by learning and instruction; the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with education (including federal aid to educational institutions and students); created 1979
  • EEC -  an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
  • Efficacy -  capacity or power to produce a desired effect
  • EGIS -  armor plate that protects the chest; the front part of a cuirass
  • Elavil -  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • Elixir -  a substance believed to cure all ills; a sweet flavored liquid (usually containing a small amount of alcohol) used in compounding medicines to be taken by mouth in order to mask an unpleasant taste; a hypothetical substance that the alchemists believed to be capable of changing base metals into gold
  • Elixir of life -  a hypothetical substance believed to maintain life indefinitely; once sought by alchemists
  • Elixophyllin -  a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator
  • Elspar -  antineoplastic drug (trade name Elspar) sometimes used to treat lymphoblastic leukemia
  • Emend - verb make improvements or corrections to
  • Empirin -  the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • Emulsion -  a light-sensitive coating on paper or film; consists of fine grains of silver bromide suspended in a gelatin; (chemistry) a colloid in which both phases are liquids
  • Enalapril -  an ACE inhibitor (trade name Vasotec) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidney and so results in vasodilation; administered after heart attacks
  • Enbrel -  a genetically engineered anti-TNF compound (trade name Enbrel) consisting of receptors that bind TNF; it is injected twice a week in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
  • Encainide -  antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Enkaid) used to treat life-threatening arrhythmias but increases the risk of sudden death in heart attack patients
  • ene -  the compass point midway between northeast and east
  • Enema -  injection of a liquid through the anus to stimulate evacuation; sometimes used for diagnostic purposes
  • Enkaid -  antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Enkaid) used to treat life-threatening arrhythmias but increases the risk of sudden death in heart attack patients
  • Eosinophilia -  a symptom of allergic states; increased eosinophils in the blood
  • Ephedra -  jointed and nearly leafless desert shrub having reduced scalelike leaves and reddish fleshy seeds
  • Ephedrine -  white odorless powdered or crystalline alkaloid from plants of the genus Ephedra (especially Ephedra sinica) or made synthetically; used as a bronchodilator to treat bronchitis and asthma
  • epidemiologist -  a medical scientist who studies the transmission and control of epidemic diseases
  • Epsom salts -  (used with a singular ) hydrated magnesium sulfate used as a laxative; hydrated magnesium sulfate that is taken orally to treat heartburn and constipation and injected to prevent seizures
  • Epstein -  British sculptor (born in the United States) noted for busts and large controversial works (1880-1959)
  • Equanil -  a sedative and tranquilizer (trade name Miltown and Equanil and Meprin) used to treat muscle tension and anxiety
  • Erythrocin -  an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative
  • Erythromycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative
  • Esoterica -  secrets known only to an initiated minority
  • Estradiol -  the most powerful female hormone that occurs naturally; synthesized and used to treat estrogen deficiency and breast cancer
  • Etanercept -  a genetically engineered anti-TNF compound (trade name Enbrel) consisting of receptors that bind TNF; it is injected twice a week in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
  • Ethchlorvynol -  a mild sedative-hypnotic drug (trade name Placidyl)
  • Ethosuximide -  an anticonvulsant drug (trade names Emeside and Zarontin) used to treat petit mal epilepsy
  • Ethrane -  a nonflammable liquid (trade name Ethrane) used as an inhalation general anesthetic
  • European Union -  an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
  • Evans -  British archaeologist who excavated the palace of Knossos in Crete to find what he called Minoan civilization (1851-1941); United States anatomist who identified four pituitary hormones and discovered vitamin E (1882-1971)
  • Even -  equal in degree or extent or amount; or equally matched or balanced; being level or straight or regular and without variation as e.g. in shape or texture; or being in the same plane or at the same height as something else (i.e. even with); divisible by two; occurring at fixed intervals; symmetrically arranged; of the score in a contest;  used as an intensive especially to indicate something unexpected; to a greater degree or extent; used with comparisons; in spite of; notwithstanding; to the full extent;  the latter part of the day (the period of decreasing daylight from late afternoon until nightfall); verb make even or more even; become even or more even; make level or straight
  • Excretion -  the bodily process of discharging waste matter; waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
  • executive -  having the function of carrying out plans or orders etc.;  persons who administer the law; a person responsible for the administration of a business; someone who manages a government agency or department
  • Exotoxin -  a toxin that is secreted by microorganisms into the surrounding medium
  • Factor IX -  coagulation factor whose absence is associated with hemophilia B
  • Factor VIII -  a coagulation factor (trade name Hemofil) whose absence is associated with hemophilia A
  • Factor VIII -  a coagulation factor (trade name Hemofil) whose absence is associated with hemophilia A
  • FE -  a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood
  • Feldene -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Feldene) used to treat arthritis and other inflammatory conditions
  • Fentanyl -  trade names of a narcotic analgesic that can be inhaled and that acts on the central nervous system and may become addictive; used as a veterinary anesthetic and with other drugs before, during, and after surgery; also used as a nonlethal gas to incapacitate people in hostage situations; also abused as a recreational drug
  • Festal -  offering fun and gaiety
  • film -  a thin coating or layer; photographic material consisting of a base of celluloid covered with a photographic emulsion; used to make negatives or transparencies; a thin sheet of (usually plastic and usually transparent) material used to wrap or cover things; a medium that disseminates moving pictures; a form of entertainment that enacts a story by a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement; verb make a film or photograph of something; record in film
  • Fish -  any of various mostly cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills; the flesh of fish used as food; the twelfth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about February 19 to March 20; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Pisces; verb catch or try to catch fish or shellfish; seek indirectly
  • Fish oil -  a fatty oil obtained from the livers of various fish
  • Fitch -  dark brown mustelid of woodlands of Eurasia that gives off an unpleasant odor when threatened
  • Flagyl -  antiprotozoal medication (trade name Flagyl) used to treat trichomoniasis and giardiasis
  • Flaxedil -  neuromuscular blocking agent (trade name Flaxedil) used as a muscle relaxant in the administration of anesthesia
  • Flexeril -  muscle relaxant (trade name Flexeril) used for muscle spasms or acute injury
  • Fluoride -  a salt of hydrofluoric acid
  • Fluorine -  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • Fluorine -  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • Fluorouracil -  an antimetabolite used to treat certain cancers
  • fluoxetine -  a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Prozac)
  • Fluphenazine -  tranquilizer used to treat psychotic disorders
  • Flurazepam -  tranquilizer (trade name Dalmane) used to treat insomnia
  • Flurbiprofen -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Ansaid) that is administered only orally
  • Fluvastatin -  least expensive statin drug (trade name Lescol); usually taken orally at bedtime
  • Folacin -  a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
  • Folate -  a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
  • Footedness -  the property of favoring one foot over the other (as in kicking a ball)
  • Formalin -  a 10% solution of formaldehyde in water; used as a disinfectant or to preserve biological specimens
  • Formol -  a 10% solution of formaldehyde in water; used as a disinfectant or to preserve biological specimens
  • Formulary -  of or relating to or of the nature of a formula;  (pharmacology) a book containing a compilation of pharmaceutical products with their formulas and methods of preparation
  • Formulation -  the style of expressing yourself; a substance prepared according to a formula; inventing or contriving an idea or explanation and formulating it mentally
  • Fortaz -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade names Fortaz and Tazicef) used to treat moderate infections
  • Fosamax -  a tablet (trade name Fosamax) prescribed to prevent or treat osteoporosis in women after menopause
  • fructose -  a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits
  • Fulvicin -  a kind of penicillin (a fungicidal antibiotic with the trade name Fulvicin) produced by molds of the genus Penicillium
  • Furosemide -  commonly used diuretic (trade name Lasix) used to treat hypertension and edema
  • G -  the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet; a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated; (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation; a unit of information equal to one billion (1,073,741,824) bytes or 1024 megabytes; a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram; one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose); a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
  • Gadolinium -  a ductile silvery-white ductile ferromagnetic trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group
  • Gallium -  a rare silvery (usually trivalent) metallic element; brittle at low temperatures but liquid above room temperature; occurs in trace amounts in bauxite and zinc ores
  • Gamma Aminobutyric acid -  an amino acid that is found in the central nervous system; acts as an inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • Gantrisin -  a sulfonamide (trade name Gantrisin) used to treat infections of the urinary tract
  • Garamycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract
  • Gastrointestinal tract -  tubular passage of mucous membrane and muscle extending about 8.3 meters from mouth to anus; functions in digestion and elimination
  • Gel -  a colloid in a more solid form than a sol; a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects; verb become a gel; apply a styling gel to
  • Gelatin -  a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects; an edible jelly (sweet or pungent) made with gelatin and used as a dessert or salad base or a coating for foods; a colorless water-soluble glutinous protein obtained from animal tissues such as bone and skin
  • generator -  engine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy by electromagnetic induction; an apparatus that produces a vapor or gas; an electronic device for producing a signal voltage; someone who originates or causes or initiates something
  • Generic drug -  when the patent protection for a brand-name drug expires generic versions of the drug can be offered for sale if the FDA agrees
  • genetics -  the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
  • Gentamicin -  an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract
  • Glucophage -  an antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucophage) prescribed to treat type II diabetes
  • Glucose -  a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • Glucotrol -  an oral antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucotrol) that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas
  • Glutamic acid -  an amino acid occurring in proteins; important in the nitrogen metabolism of plants; used in monosodium glutamate to enhance the flavor of meats
  • Glutamine -  a crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins; important in protein metabolism
  • Glutethimide -  sedative (trade name Doriden) used to treat some sleep disorders
  • Glycerite -  a medicine made by mixing a substance in glycerin
  • Gold -  made from or covered with gold; having the deep slightly brownish color of gold;  something likened to the metal in brightness or preciousness or superiority etc.; great wealth; coins made of gold; a soft yellow malleable ductile (trivalent and univalent) metallic element; occurs mainly as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits; does not react with most chemicals but is attacked by chlorine and aqua regia; a deep yellow color
  • Goodman -  United States clarinetist who in 1934 formed a big band (including Black as well as White musicians) and introduced a kind of jazz known as swing (1909-1986)
  • Gp -  a physician who is not a specialist but treats all illnesses
  • Granulation -  the act of forming something into granules or grains; new connective tissue and tiny blood vessels that form on the surfaces of a wound during the healing process
  • Grapefruit -  large yellow fruit with somewhat acid juicy pulp; usual serving consists of a half; citrus tree bearing large round edible fruit having a thick yellow rind and juicy somewhat acid pulp
  • Gray -  of an achromatic color of any lightness intermediate between the extremes of white and black; darkened with overcast; intermediate in character or position; used to signify the Confederate forces in the American Civil War (who wore grey uniforms); showing characteristics of age, especially having grey or white hair;  a neutral achromatic color midway between white and black; United States botanist who specialized in North American flora and who was an early supporter of Darwin's theories of evolution (1810-1888); American navigator who twice circumnavigated the globe and who discovered the Columbia River (1755-1806); English poet best known for his elegy written in a country churchyard (1716-1771); horse of a light gray or whitish color; clothing that is a grey color; any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are grey; verb turn grey; make grey
  • Gregory -  (Roman Catholic Church) an Italian pope distinguished for his spiritual and temporal leadership; a saint and Doctor of the Church (540?-604); the Italian pope who fought to establish the supremacy of the pope over the Roman Catholic Church and the supremacy of the church over the state (1020-1085); the Italian pope from 1406 to 1415 who worked to end the Great Schism and who retired to make it possible (1327-1417); the pope who sponsored the introduction of the modern calendar (1572-1585); Italian pope from 1831 to 1846; conservative in politics and theology; worked to propagate Catholicism in England and the United States (1765-1846); (Roman Catholic Church) a church father known for his constant fight against perceived heresies; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-391)
  • Griseofulvin -  a kind of penicillin (a fungicidal antibiotic with the trade name Fulvicin) produced by molds of the genus Penicillium
  • Growth hormone -  a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland; promotes growth in humans
  • Gum arabic -  gum from an acacia tree; used as a thickener (especially in candies and pharmaceuticals)
  • Halcion -  a form of benzodiazepine (trade name Halcion) frequently prescribed as a sleeping pill; usually given to people who have trouble falling asleep
  • Haldol -  tranquilizer (trade name Haldol) used to treat some psychotic disorders and Tourette's syndrome
  • Haloperidol -  tranquilizer (trade name Haldol) used to treat some psychotic disorders and Tourette's syndrome
  • Halothane -  a nonflammable inhalation anesthetic that produces general anesthesia; used along with analgesics and muscle relaxants for many types of surgical procedures
  • Handedness -  the property of using one hand more than the other
  • Hemin -  a reddish-brown chloride of heme; produced from hemoglobin in laboratory tests for the presence of blood
  • Heparin -  a polysaccharide produced in basophils (especially in the lung and liver) and that inhibits the activity of thrombin in coagulation of the blood; it (trade names Lipo-Hepin and Liquaemin) is used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis and in heart surgery
  • Herbal -  of or relating to herbs;  tea-like drink made of leaves of various herbs
  • Herbal medicine -  the use of medicinal herbs to prevent or treat disease or promote health; a medicine made from plants and used to prevent or treat disease or promote health
  • Heroin -  a narcotic that is considered a hard drug; a highly addictive morphine derivative; intravenous injection provides the fastest and most intense rush
  • horse -  solid-hoofed herbivorous quadruped domesticated since prehistoric times; a padded gymnastic apparatus on legs; a chessman shaped to resemble the head of a horse; can move two squares horizontally and one vertically (or vice versa); a framework for holding wood that is being sawed; troops trained to fight on horseback; verb provide with a horse or horses
  • House -  play in which children take the roles of father or mother or children and pretend to interact like adults; a dwelling that serves as living quarters for one or more families; a building in which something is sheltered or located; aristocratic family line; an official assembly having legislative powers; the audience gathered together in a theatre or cinema; the members of a religious community living together; the management of a gambling house or casino; a building where theatrical performances or motion-picture shows can be presented; the members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments; a social unit living together; (astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is divided; verb provide housing for; contain or cover
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin -  hormone produced early in pregnancy by the placenta; detection in the urine and serum is the basis for one kind of pregnancy test
  • Humectant -  any substance that is added to another substance to keep it moist
  • Hyaluronic acid -  a viscous mucopolysaccharide found in the connective tissue space and the synovial fluid of movable joints and the humors of the eye; a cementing and protective substance
  • Hydralazine -  an antihypertensive drug (trade name Apresoline) that dilates blood vessels; used (often with a diuretic) to treat hypertension and congestive heart failure
  • Hydrochlorothiazide -  a diuretic drug (trade name Esidrix and HydroDIURIL) used in the treatment of hypertension
  • Hydrocortisone -  an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • Hydrocortone -  an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • Hydrogen -  a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • Hydromorphone -  a narcotic analgesic (trade name Dilaudid) used to treat moderate to severe pain
  • Hydroxy -  being or containing a hydroxyl group
  • Hydroxychloroquine -  anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Plaquenil) used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and malaria and lupus erythematosus
  • hydroxyzine -  a drug (trade names Atarax and Vistaril) used as a tranquilizer to treat anxiety and motion sickness
  • Hygroton -  a diuretic (trade names Hygroton and Thalidone) used to control hypertension and conditions that cause edema; effective in lowering blood pressure to prevent heart attacks
  • Hyoscine -  an alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures
  • Hypericum perforatum -  yellow-flowered perennial common in fields and waste places but a weed in rangelands
  • Hyperstat -  vasodilator (trade name Hyperstat) used to treat severe hypertension
  • Hytrin -  antihypertensive drug (trade name Hytrin) used to treat high blood pressure
  • I -  the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet; a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
  • Ibuprofen -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic
  • IC -  a group of government agencies and organizations that carry out intelligence activities for the United States government; headed by the Director of Central Intelligence
  • Ilosone -  an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative
  • Imipramine -  a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Imavate and Tofranil) used to treat clinical depression
  • immune globulin -  a class of proteins produced in lymph tissue in vertebrates and that function as antibodies in the immune response
  • Immunotherapy -  therapy designed to produce immunity to a disease or to enhance resistance by the immune system
  • Improvement -  the act of improving something; a change for the better; progress in development; a condition superior to an earlier condition
  • Imuran -  an immunosuppressive drug (trade name Imuran) used to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ
  • In -  currently fashionable; directed or bound inward; holding office;  to or toward the inside of;  a state in midwestern United States; a unit of length equal to one twelfth of a foot; a rare soft silvery metallic element; occurs in small quantities in sphalerite
  • Incorporated -  introduced into as a part of the whole; organized and maintained as a legal corporation; formed or united into a whole
  • indapamide -  diuretic (trade name Lozal) used in the treatment of hypertension
  • Inderal -  the first beta blocker (trade name Inderal) used in treating hypertension and angina pectoris and essential tremor
  • Indinavir -  a protease inhibitor (trade name Crixivan) used for treating HIV
  • Indium -  a rare soft silvery metallic element; occurs in small quantities in sphalerite
  • Indocin -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Indocin)
  • Infliximab -  an anti-TNF compound (trade name Remicade) consisting of an antibody directed against TNF; it is given intravenously at one-month to three-month intervals; used in treatment of regional enteritis and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Inhalant -  inhaling or serving for inhalation;  a medication to be taken by inhaling it; something that is inhaled
  • Inhaler -  a dispenser that produces a chemical vapor to be inhaled in order to relieve nasal congestion
  • inhibitor -  a substance that retards or stops an activity
  • Injection -  the forceful insertion of a substance under pressure; the act of putting a liquid into the body by means of a syringe; any solution that is injected (as into the skin)
  • Inocor -  a drug (trade name Inocor) used intravenously in heart failure; increases strength of contraction of myocardium
  • Inositol -  an optically inactive alcohol that is a component of the vitamin B complex
  • Inositol -  an optically inactive alcohol that is a component of the vitamin B complex
  • Insufflation -  an act of blowing or breathing on or into something; (medicine) blowing air or medicated powder into the lungs (or into some other body cavity)
  • Insulin -  hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells
  • Intrauterine device -  contraceptive device consisting of a piece of bent plastic or metal that is inserted through the vagina into the uterus
  • Intropin -  a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
  • Intubation -  the insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ
  • Invirase -  a weak protease inhibitor (trade name Invirase) used in treating HIV
  • iodide -  a salt or ester of hydriodic acid
  • Iodine -  a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks); a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic
  • Iodine -  a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks); a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic
  • Iron -  extremely robust;  home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth; a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head; implement used to brand live stock; a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood; verb press and smooth with a heated iron
  • Isoflurane -  a widely used inhalation anesthetic
  • Isoniazid -  antibacterial drug (trade name Nydrazid) used to treat tuberculosis
  • Isoptin -  a drug (trade names Calan and Isoptin) used as an oral or parenteral calcium blocker in cases of hypertension or congestive heart failure or angina or migraine
  • Isordil -  drug (trade name Isordil) used to treat angina pectoris and congestive heart failure
  • Isuprel -  drug (trade name Isuprel) used to treat bronchial asthma and to stimulate the heart
  • Itraconazole -  an oral antifungal drug (trade name Sporanox) taken for cases of fungal nail disease
  • Johnson -  17th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated; was impeached but acquitted by one vote (1808-1875); 36th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Kennedy when Kennedy was assassinated (1908-1973); English writer and lexicographer (1709-1784)
  • Johnson -  17th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated; was impeached but acquitted by one vote (1808-1875); 36th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Kennedy when Kennedy was assassinated (1908-1973); English writer and lexicographer (1709-1784)
  • journal -  the part of the axle contained by a bearing; a record book as a physical object; a periodical dedicated to a particular subject; a daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations; a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred
  • JV -  a college or university team that competes at a level below the varsity team
  • Kaopectate -  trade name for a fixed-combination antidiarrheal drug that use kaolin as the adsorbent and pectin as the emollient
  • Keflex -  an oral cephalosporin (trade names Keflex and Keflin and Keftab) commonly prescribe for mild to moderately severe infections of the skin or ears or throat or lungs or urinary tract
  • Keflin -  an oral cephalosporin (trade names Keflex and Keflin and Keftab) commonly prescribe for mild to moderately severe infections of the skin or ears or throat or lungs or urinary tract
  • Kenalog -  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti-inflammatory agent
  • Ketalar -  a general anesthetic and tranquilizer (not a barbiturate) that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly; used mainly by veterinarians or for minor surgery with geriatric or pediatric patients; taken in large doses it causes hallucinations similar to those associated with the use of PCP
  • Ketamine -  a general anesthetic and tranquilizer (not a barbiturate) that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly; used mainly by veterinarians or for minor surgery with geriatric or pediatric patients; taken in large doses it causes hallucinations similar to those associated with the use of PCP
  • Ketorolac -  nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (trade name Torodal) that is given only orally
  • Kindling -  material for starting a fire; the act of setting something on fire
  • Kline -  United States abstract expressionist painter (1910-1962)
  • Krebs -  English biochemist (born in Germany) who discovered the Krebs cycle (1900-1981)
  • Kwell -  a preparation of lindane (trade name Kwell) that is used to kill lice and itch mites; available in cream or shampoo
  • L -  the 12th letter of the Roman alphabet; a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints); a cgs unit of illumination equal to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing surface that emits or reflects one lumen per square centimeter
  • L-DOPA -  the levorotatory form of dopa (trade names Bendopa and Brocadopa and Larodopa); as a drug it is used to treat Parkinson's disease
  • Labetalol -  antihypertensive drug (trade names Trandate and Normodyne) that blocks alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors of the sympathetic nervous system (leading to a decrease in blood pressure)
  • Lactaid -  any of a group of enzymes (trade name Lactaid) that hydrolyze lactose to glucose and galactose
  • Lactose -  a sugar comprising one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; occurs only in milk
  • Laminar flow -  nonturbulent streamline flow in parallel layers (laminae)
  • Lamisil -  an oral antifungal drug (trade name Lamisil) used to treat cases of fungal nail disease
  • Lamivudine -  a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor that is very effective in combination with zidovudine in treating AIDS and HIV
  • Lanoxin -  digitalis preparation (trade name Lanoxin) used to treat congestive heart failure or cardiac arrhythmia; helps the heart beat more forcefully
  • Lansoprazole -  antacid (trade name Prevacid) that suppresses acid secretion in the stomach
  • Lasix -  commonly used diuretic (trade name Lasix) used to treat hypertension and edema
  • Laterality -  superior development of one side of the body; the property of using one hand more than the other; localization of function on either the right or left sides of the brain
  • Laudanum -  narcotic consisting of an alcohol solution of opium or any preparation in which opium is the main ingredient
  • Leflunomide -  an anti-TNF compound (trade name Arava) that is given orally; can slow the progression of rheumatoid arthritis by slowing the proliferation of white blood cells which reduces inflammation in the synovium
  • Lescol -  least expensive statin drug (trade name Lescol); usually taken orally at bedtime
  • Leukeran -  an alkalating agent (trade name Leukeran) used to treat some kinds of cancer
  • Levitra -  virility drug (trade name Levitra) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • levodopa -  the levorotatory form of dopa (trade names Bendopa and Brocadopa and Larodopa); as a drug it is used to treat Parkinson's disease
  • LH -  a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates ovulation in female mammals and stimulates androgen release in male mammals
  • Libritabs -  a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
  • Librium -  a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
  • Lidocaine -  a local anesthetic (trade names Lidocaine and Xylocaine) used topically on the skin and mucous membranes
  • Lincomycin -  antibiotic (trade name Lincocin) obtained from a streptomyces bacterium and used in the treatment of certain penicillin-resistant infections
  • Liniment -  a medicinal liquid that is rubbed into the skin to relieve muscular stiffness and pain
  • Liothyronine -  thyroid hormone similar to thyroxine but with one less iodine atom per molecule and produced in smaller quantity; exerts the same biological effects as thyroxine but is more potent and briefer
  • Lipitor -  an oral drug (trade name Lipitor) that is effective in lowering triglycerides; potent in reducing LDL cholesterol because higher doses can be given
  • Liposome -  an artificially made microscopic vesicle into which nucleic acids can be packaged; used in molecular biology as a transducing vector
  • Lisinopril -  an ACE inhibiting drug (trade names Prinival or Zestril) administered as an antihypertensive and after heart attacks
  • Lithium carbonate -  a white powder (LiCO3) used in manufacturing glass and ceramics and as a drug; the drug (trade names Lithane or Lithonate or Eskalith) is used to treat some forms of depression and manic episodes of manic-depressive disorder
  • Locoweed -  any of several leguminous plants of western North America causing locoism in livestock; street names for marijuana
  • Lomotil -  trade name of an antidiarrheal
  • Loniten -  a vasodilator (trade name Loniten) used to treat severe hypertension; one side effect is hirsutism so it is also sold (trade name Rogaine) as a treatment for male-patterned baldness
  • Lopressor -  beta blocker (trade name Lopressor) used in treating hypertension and angina and arrhythmia and acute myocardial infarction; has adverse side effects (depression and exacerbation of congestive heart failure etc.)
  • Lorazepam -  tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
  • Lotion -  any of various cosmetic preparations that are applied to the skin; liquid preparation having a soothing or antiseptic or medicinal action when applied to the skin
  • Lovastatin -  an oral drug (trade name Mevacor) to reduce blood cholesterol levels; used when dietary changes have proved inadequate
  • Loxitane -  a tranquilizer (trade name Loxitane) used to treat schizophrenia
  • LR -  a radioactive transuranic element synthesized from californium
  • Luteinizing hormone -  a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates ovulation in female mammals and stimulates androgen release in male mammals
  • Lysergic acid -  a crystalline acid often used in medical research; obtained from ergotic alkaloids
  • Macrodantin -  derivative of nitrofuran used as an antibacterial medicine (trade name Macrodantin) effective against a broad range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; used to treat infections of the urinary tract
  • magnesium carbonate -  a very white crystalline salt that occurs naturally as magnesite or as dolomite
  • Mandelamine -  antibacterial agent (trade names Mandelamine and Urex) that is contained in many products that are used to treat urinary infections
  • Manganese -  a hard brittle grey polyvalent metallic element that resembles iron but is not magnetic; used in making steel; occurs in many minerals
  • Manna -  hardened sugary exudation of various trees; (Old Testament) food that God gave the Israelites during the Exodus
  • Mannitol -  a diuretic (trade name Osmitrol) used to promote the excretion of urine
  • Marplan -  a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (trade name Marplan) that is used to treat clinical depression
  • Materia medica -  the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
  • mathematics -  a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
  • MB -  (a British degree) a bachelor's degree in medicine; a unit of information equal to one million (1,048,576) bytes
  • Mebaral -  a long-acting crystalline barbiturate (trade name Mebaral) used as a sedative and as an anticonvulsant in the treatment of epilepsy
  • Mebendazole -  an anthelmintic used to treat hookworm and pinworm and roundworm infestations
  • Meclomen -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (trade name Meclomen) used to treat arthritis
  • Medication -  the act of treating with medicines or remedies; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
  • medicine -  the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease; the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques; punishment for one's actions; verb treat medicinally, treat with medicine
  • Medroxyprogesterone -  a progestin compound (trade name Provera) used to treat menstrual disorders
  • Mefloquine -  an antimalarial drug (trade name Larium and Mephaquine) that is effective in cases that do not respond to chloroquine; said to produce harmful neuropsychiatric effects on some people
  • Mefoxin -  one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity
  • Megestrol acetate -  a synthetic progestational compound used to treat endometrial carcinoma
  • Melange -  a motley assortment of things
  • Melatonin -  hormone secreted by the pineal gland
  • Mellaril -  a tranquilizer (trade name Mellaril) used to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
  • Melphalan -  antineoplastic drug (trade name Alkeran) used to treat multiple myeloma and some other malignancies
  • meprobamate -  a sedative and tranquilizer (trade name Miltown and Equanil and Meprin) used to treat muscle tension and anxiety
  • Mercaptopurine -  a drug (trade name Purinethol) that interferes with the metabolism of purine and is used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia
  • Mercury -  temperature measured by a mercury thermometer; the smallest planet and the nearest to the sun; (Roman mythology) messenger of Jupiter and god of commerce; counterpart of Greek Hermes; a heavy silvery toxic univalent and bivalent metallic element; the only metal that is liquid at ordinary temperatures
  • Mestranol -  a synthetic form of estrogen used in combination with a progestin in oral contraceptives
  • Metformin -  an antidiabetic drug (trade name Glucophage) prescribed to treat type II diabetes
  • Methacholine -  parasympathomimetic drug (trademark Mecholyl) that stimulates secretions and smooth muscle activity
  • Methadone -  synthetic narcotic drug similar to morphine but less habit-forming; used in narcotic detoxification and maintenance of heroin addiction
  • Methamphetamine -  an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant
  • Methapyrilene -  antihistamine used to treat allergic responses (as rhinitis or dermatitis or pruritus)
  • Methaqualone -  sedative-hypnotic drug (trade name Quaalude) that is a drug of abuse
  • Metharbital -  anticonvulsant drug (trade name Gemonil) used in the treatment of epilepsy
  • Methocarbamol -  muscle relaxant for skeletal muscles (trade name Robaxin) used to treat spasms
  • Methotrexate -  toxic antimetabolite that limits cellular reproduction by acting as an antagonist to folic acid; used to treat certain cancers and psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Methyl -  the univalent radical CH3- derived from methane
  • Methyldopa -  antihypertensive drug (trade name Aldomet) used in the treatment of high blood pressure
  • Methylene blue -  a dark green dye used as a stain, an antiseptic, a chemical indicator, and an antidote in cyanide poisoning
  • Methylphenidate -  central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children
  • Methyltestosterone -  an androgenic compound contained in drugs that are used to treat testosterone deficiency and female breast cancer and to stimulate growth and weight gain
  • Meticorten -  a dehydrogenated analogue of cortisol (trade names Orasone or Deltasone or Liquid Pred or Meticorten); used as an anti-inflammatory drug in the treatment of arthritis and as an immunosuppressant
  • Metoprolol -  beta blocker (trade name Lopressor) used in treating hypertension and angina and arrhythmia and acute myocardial infarction; has adverse side effects (depression and exacerbation of congestive heart failure etc.)
  • Metronidazole -  antiprotozoal medication (trade name Flagyl) used to treat trichomoniasis and giardiasis
  • Mevacor -  an oral drug (trade name Mevacor) to reduce blood cholesterol levels; used when dietary changes have proved inadequate
  • Mexitil -  antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Mexitil) used to treat ventricular arrhythmias
  • MF -  300 to 3000 kilohertz
  • Miconazole -  an antifungal agent usually administered in the form of a nitrate (trade name Monistat)
  • Micronase -  an oral antidiabetic drug (trade names DiaBeta and Micronase) that stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas
  • Micronor -  trade name for and oral contraceptive containing the progestin compound norethindrone
  • Midazolam -  an injectable form of benzodiazepine (trade name Versed) useful for sedation and for reducing pain during uncomfortable medical procedures
  • Mifepristone -  an abortion-inducing drug (trade name RU_486) developed in France; when taken during the first five weeks of pregnancy it blocks the action of progesterone so that the uterus sloughs off the embryo
  • Milano -  the capital of Lombardy in northern Italy; has been an international center of trade and industry since the Middle Ages
  • Miltown -  a sedative and tranquilizer (trade name Miltown and Equanil and Meprin) used to treat muscle tension and anxiety
  • Minipress -  antihypertensive drug (trade name Minipress)
  • Minocin -  tetracycline antibiotic (trade name Minocin) used to treat a variety of bacterial and rickettsial infections
  • Mirror image -  a likeness in which left and right are reversed
  • Moban -  antipsychotic drug (trade name Moban) used in the treatment of schizophrenia
  • molecular -  relating to simple or elementary organization; relating to or produced by or consisting of molecules
  • Molindone -  antipsychotic drug (trade name Moban) used in the treatment of schizophrenia
  • Molybdenum -  a polyvalent metallic element that resembles chromium and tungsten in its properties; used to strengthen and harden steel
  • Monistat -  an antifungal agent usually administered in the form of a nitrate (trade name Monistat)
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitor -  any of a group of antidepressant drugs that inhibit the action of monoamine oxidase in the brain and so allow monoamines to accumulate
  • Monoclonal antibody -  any of a class of antibodies produced in the laboratory by identical offspring of a hybridoma; very specific for a particular location in the body
  • Morley -  United States chemist and physicist who collaborated with Michelson in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1838-1923)
  • Morphia -  an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit-forming narcotic used to relieve pain
  • Morphine -  an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit-forming narcotic used to relieve pain
  • Morphine -  an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit-forming narcotic used to relieve pain
  • Motrin -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic
  • Mouthwash -  a medicated solution used for gargling and rinsing the mouth
  • Moxie -  fortitude and determination
  • Mrs -  a form of address for a married woman
  • MRS -  a form of address for a married woman
  • MT -  the use of computers to translate from one language to another; a state in northwestern United States on the Canadian border; a unit of weight equivalent to 1000 kilograms; a radioactive transuranic element
  • multivitamin -  a pill or tablet containing several vitamins
  • Mutamycin -  a complex of antibiotic substances obtained from a streptomyces bacterium; one form (trade name Mutamycin) shows promise as an anticancer drug
  • Mycostatin -  an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes
  • Mysoline -  an anticonvulsant (trade name Mysoline) used to treat grand mal seizures and essential tremor
  • Nabumetone -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Relafen)
  • Nadolol -  a beta-adrenergic blocking agent (trade name Corgard) that is used to treat hypertension and angina
  • Nalfon -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Nalfon) used in the treatment of arthritis and other painful inflammatory disorders
  • Nalorphine -  a narcotic antagonist (trade name Nalline) that counteracts the effects of narcotics (especially the effects of poisoning by morphine)
  • Naloxone -  a potent narcotic antagonist (trade name Narcan) especially effective with morphine
  • Naltrexone -  an oral antagonist against the action of opiates
  • Nandrolone -  an androgen (trade names Durabolin or Kabolin) that is used to treat testosterone deficiency or breast cancer or osteoporosis
  • Naphazoline -  vasoconstrictor (trade names Privine and Sudafed) used in nasal sprays to treat symptoms of nasal congestion and in eyedrops to treat eye irritation
  • Naprosyn -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Naprosyn) used in the treatment of arthritis and musculoskeletal inflammation and moderate pain
  • Naproxen -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Naprosyn) used in the treatment of arthritis and musculoskeletal inflammation and moderate pain
  • naproxen sodium -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trademarks Aleve and Anaprox and Aflaxen)
  • Narcan -  a potent narcotic antagonist (trade name Narcan) especially effective with morphine
  • Nardil -  monoamine oxidase inhibitor (trade name Nardil) used to treat clinical depression
  • Nash -  United States writer noted for his droll epigrams (1902-1971)
  • Navane -  a tranquilizer (trade name Navane) used to treat schizophrenia
  • Nebcin -  an antibiotic (trade name Nebcin) that is especially effective against Gram-negative bacteria
  • Nebulizer -  a dispenser that turns a liquid (such as perfume) into a fine mist
  • Nefazodone -  an antidepressant drug (trade name Serzone)
  • Neggram -  antibacterial agent used especially to treat genitourinary infections
  • Nelfinavir -  a protease inhibitor (trade name Viracept) used in treating HIV usually in combination with other drugs
  • Nembutal -  a barbiturate (trade name Nembutal) used as a sedative and hypnotic and antispasmodic
  • Neomycin -  an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used (as a sulphate under the trade name Neobiotic) as an intestinal antiseptic in surgery
  • Neostigmine -  a cholinergic drug (trade name Prostigmin) used to treat some ophthalmic conditions and to treat myasthenia gravis
  • Nevirapine -  a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (trade name Viramune) used to treat AIDS and HIV
  • Niacin -  a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
  • Nickel -  a United States coin worth one twentieth of a dollar; five dollars worth of a drug; a hard malleable ductile silvery metallic element that is resistant to corrosion; used in alloys; occurs in pentlandite and smaltite and garnierite and millerite; verb plate with nickel
  • Nicotine -  an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco; used in medicine and as an insecticide
  • Nifedipine -  calcium blocker (trade name Procardia); appears to increase the risk of recurrent heart attacks
  • Nitrofurantoin -  derivative of nitrofuran used as an antibacterial medicine (trade name Macrodantin) effective against a broad range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; used to treat infections of the urinary tract
  • Nitrogen -  a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
  • Nitroglycerin -  a heavy yellow poisonous oily explosive liquid obtained by nitrating glycerol; used in making explosives and medically as a vasodilator (trade names Nitrospan and Nitrostat)
  • Nitrospan -  trade names for nitroglycerin used as a coronary vasodilator in the treatment of angina pectoris; a heavy yellow poisonous oily explosive liquid obtained by nitrating glycerol; used in making explosives and medically as a vasodilator (trade names Nitrospan and Nitrostat)
  • Nitrostat -  trade names for nitroglycerin used as a coronary vasodilator in the treatment of angina pectoris; a heavy yellow poisonous oily explosive liquid obtained by nitrating glycerol; used in making explosives and medically as a vasodilator (trade names Nitrospan and Nitrostat)
  • Nitrous oxide -  inhalation anesthetic used as an anesthetic in dentistry and surgery
  • Nitrous oxide -  inhalation anesthetic used as an anesthetic in dentistry and surgery
  • Nonconformity -  failure to conform to accepted standards of behavior; unorthodoxy as a consequence of not conforming to expected standards or values; a lack of orthodoxy in thoughts or beliefs; lack of harmony or correspondence
  • Nonsteroidal -  not steroidal or not having the effects of steroid hormones;  an organic compound that does no contain a steroid
  • Norepinephrine -  a catecholamine precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and also released at synapses
  • Norethandrolone -  a synthetic progestational hormone (trade name Norlutin) used in oral contraceptives and to treat endometriosis
  • Norflex -  a skeletal muscle relaxant (trade name Norflex) used to treat severe muscle strain and Parkinsonism
  • Norgestrel -  synthetic progestin used in oral contraceptives
  • Norinyl -  trade name for an oral contraceptive containing norethindrone and mestranol
  • Normodyne -  antihypertensive drug (trade names Trandate and Normodyne) that blocks alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors of the sympathetic nervous system (leading to a decrease in blood pressure)
  • Nortriptyline -  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Pamelor) used along with psychotherapy to treat dysthymic depression; may interact dangerously if taken with other drugs
  • Norvasc -  a vasodilator (trade name Norvasc) taken in tablet form; prescribed for hypertension and angina pectoris
  • Norvir -  a protease inhibitor (trade name Norvir) used in treating HIV
  • Novocain -  procaine administered as a hydrochloride (trade name Novocain)
  • Novocaine -  procaine administered as a hydrochloride (trade name Novocain)
  • Nutrient -  of or providing nourishment;  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
  • Nydrazid -  antibacterial drug (trade name Nydrazid) used to treat tuberculosis
  • Nystatin -  an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes
  • O -  the blood group whose red cells carry neither the A nor B antigens; the 15th letter of the Roman alphabet; a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
  • Oestradiol -  the most powerful female hormone that occurs naturally; synthesized and used to treat estrogen deficiency and breast cancer
  • Ointment -  semisolid preparation (usually containing a medicine) applied externally as a remedy or for soothing an irritation; toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin
  • Oleic acid -  a colorless oily liquid occurring as a glyceride; it is the major fatty acid in olive oil and canola oil; used in making soap and cosmetics and ointments and lubricating oils
  • Omega -  the last (24th) letter of the Greek alphabet; the ending of a series or sequence
  • Omeprazole -  antacid (trade name Prilosec) that suppresses acid secretion in the stomach
  • Oncovin -  periwinkle plant derivative used as an antineoplastic drug (trade name Oncovin); used to treat cancer of the lymphatic system
  • one -  indefinite in time or position; being a single entity made by combining separate components; used informally as an intensifier; of the same kind or quality; used of a single unit or thing; not two or more; having the indivisible character of a unit; eminent beyond or above comparison;  a single person or thing; the smallest whole number or a numeral representing this number
  • Oradexon -  a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
  • Oral contraceptive pill -  a contraceptive in the form of a pill containing estrogen and progestin to inhibit ovulation and so prevent conception
  • organization -  the activity or result of distributing or disposing persons or things properly or methodically; the act of organizing a business or an activity related to a business; an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized; a group of people who work together; the act of forming something; an organized structure for arranging or classifying; the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
  • Orinase -  sulfonylurea; an oral antidiabetic drug (trade name Orinase) used in the treatment of adult-onset diabetes mellitus
  • Orudis -  nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Orudis or Orudis KT or Oruvail)
  • Oruvail -  nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Orudis or Orudis KT or Oruvail)
  • Ovral -  trade name for an oral contraceptive containing estradiol and norgestrel
  • Ovrette -  trade name for an oral contraceptive containing norgestrel
  • Oxacillin -  a form of penicillin resistant to penicillinase and effective against penicillin-resistant staphylococci
  • Oxazepam -  a tranquilizing drug (trade name Serax) used to treat anxiety and insomnia and alcohol withdrawal
  • oxide -  any compound of oxygen with another element or a radical
  • Oxygen -  a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
  • Oxygen mask -  a breathing device that is placed over the mouth and nose; supplies oxygen from an attached storage tank
  • Oxyphenbutazone -  an anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Tandearil) used to treat arthritis and bursitis
  • Oxyphencyclimine -  an anticholinergic drug (trade name Daricon) used in treating peptic ulcers
  • Oxytetracycline -  a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trademark Terramycin) obtained from a soil actinomycete; used to treat various bacterial and rickettsial infections
  • Oxytocin -  hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitocin); stimulates contractions of the uterus and ejection of milk
  • Pamelor -  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Pamelor) used along with psychotherapy to treat dysthymic depression; may interact dangerously if taken with other drugs
  • Panacea -  hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases; once sought by the alchemists; (Greek mythology) the goddess of healing; daughter of Aesculapius and sister of Hygeia
  • Panadol -  an analgesic for mild pain; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)
  • Parachute -  rescue equipment consisting of a device that fills with air and retards your fall; verb jump from an airplane and descend with a parachute
  • Paste -  an adhesive made from water and flour or starch; used on paper and paperboard; any mixture of a soft and malleable consistency; a tasty mixture to be spread on bread or crackers; verb cover the surface of; hit with the fists; join or attach with or as if with glue
  • patch -  a piece of cloth used as decoration or to mend or cover a hole; a short set of commands to correct a bug in a computer program; a piece of soft material that covers and protects an injured part of the body; a protective cloth covering for an injured eye; sewing that repairs a worn or torn hole (especially in a garment); a connection intended to be used for a limited time; a small contrasting part of something; a small area of ground covered by specific vegetation; a period of indeterminate length (usually short) marked by some action or condition; verb mend by putting a patch on; to join or unite the pieces of; provide with a patch; also used metaphorically; repair by adding pieces
  • Patent medicine -  medicine that is protected by a patent and available without a doctor's prescription
  • Paxil -  a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Paxil)
  • PD -  a silver-white metallic element of the platinum group that resembles platinum; occurs in some copper and nickel ores; does not tarnish at ordinary temperatures and is used (alloyed with gold) in jewelry
  • Penicillamine -  a drug (trade name Cuprimine) used to treat heavy metal poisoning and Wilson's disease and severe arthritis
  • Penicillin -  any of various antibiotics obtained from Penicillium molds (or produced synthetically) and used in the treatment of various infections and diseases
  • pentobarbital -  a barbiturate (trade name Nembutal) used as a sedative and hypnotic and antispasmodic
  • Pentylenetetrazol -  a drug used as a circulatory and respiratory stimulant; larger doses cause convulsions in shock therapy; Metrazol is a trademark
  • Pepcid -  a histamine blocker (trade name Pepcid) used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis and esophageal reflux
  • Pepsi -  Pepsi Cola is a trademarked cola
  • Periactin -  an antihistamine (trade name Periactin) used to treat some allergic reactions
  • Peritrate -  a coronary vasodilator (trade name Peritrate) used to treat angina pectoris
  • Perspective -  the appearance of things relative to one another as determined by their distance from the viewer; a way of regarding situations or topics etc.
  • Pessary -  a contraceptive device consisting of a flexible dome-shaped cup made of rubber or plastic; it is filled with spermicide and fitted over the uterine cervix
  • Petroleum jelly -  a semisolid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum; used in medicinal ointments and for lubrication
  • Pharmaceutics -  the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,
  • Pharmacist -  a health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
  • Pharmacokinetics -  the study of the action of drugs in the body: method and rate of excretion; duration of effect; etc.
  • Pharmacology -  the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
  • Pharmacology -  the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
  • pharmacy -  the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,; a retail shop where medicine and other articles are sold
  • Pharmacy -  the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines,; a retail shop where medicine and other articles are sold
  • Phenacetin -  a white crystalline compound used as an analgesic and also as an antipyretic
  • Phenelzine -  monoamine oxidase inhibitor (trade name Nardil) used to treat clinical depression
  • Phenergan -  antihistamine (trade name Phenergan) used to treat allergies; also an antiemetic used to treat motion sickness
  • pheniramine -  an antihistamine used in preparations to treat allergies and respiratory infections; used to treat rhinitis and skin rashes and pruritus
  • phenylephrine -  a powerful vasoconstrictor used to dilate the pupils and relieve nasal congestion
  • Phenylpropanolamine -  an adrenergic drug used in many preparations to relieve allergic reactions or respiratory infections
  • Phenytoin -  an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat epilepsy and that is not a sedative
  • phosphate -  carbonated drink with fruit syrup and a little phosphoric acid; a salt of phosphoric acid
  • Phosphorus -  a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms; a planet (usually Venus) seen just before sunrise in the eastern sky
  • physics -  the science of matter and energy and their interactions
  • Physostigmine -  used in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and glaucoma
  • Pilocarpine -  cholinergic alkaloid used in eyedrops to treat glaucoma
  • Pimozide -  the most commonly used diphenylbutyl piperidine
  • Pindolol -  an oral beta blocker (trade name Visken) used in treating hypertension
  • Pink lady -  a cocktail made of gin and brandy with lemon juice and grenadine shaken with an egg white and ice
  • Piperacillin -  a synthetic type of penicillin antibiotic (trade name Pipracil) used for moderate to severe infections
  • Piperocaine -  a compound used in the form of its hydrochloride as a local or spinal anesthetic
  • Pipracil -  a synthetic type of penicillin antibiotic (trade name Pipracil) used for moderate to severe infections
  • Piroxicam -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Feldene) used to treat arthritis and other inflammatory conditions
  • Pitocin -  hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitocin); stimulates contractions of the uterus and ejection of milk
  • Pitressin -  hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • Placidyl -  a mild sedative-hypnotic drug (trade name Placidyl)
  • Plaquenil -  anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Plaquenil) used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and malaria and lupus erythematosus
  • Plavix -  a blood thinner (trade name Plavix) approved for the treatment of mild heart attacks; works by preventing blood platelets from sticking together to form clots that would restrict blood flow
  • Pneumococcal vaccine -  vaccine (trade name Pneumovax) effective against the 23 most common strains of pneumococcus
  • politician -  a person active in party politics; a leader engaged in civil administration; a schemer who tries to gain advantage in an organization in sly or underhanded ways
  • Polonium -  a radioactive metallic element that is similar to tellurium and bismuth; occurs in uranium ores but can be produced by bombarding bismuth with neutrons in a nuclear reactor
  • Polycillin -  semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK-Ampicillin)
  • Polymox -  an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • polymyxin -  any of several toxic antibiotics obtained from a particular soil bacterium
  • Ponstel -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic drug (trade name Ponstel) used to treat mild pain (especially menstrual cramps)
  • Potassium -  a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • Potassium -  a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • Potassium chloride -  salt of potassium (KCl) (trade names K-Dur 20, Kaochlor and K-lor and Klorvess and K-lyte); taken in tablet form to treat potassium deficiency
  • Potassium iodide -  a crystalline salt in organic synthesis and in making photographic emulsions and in iodized table salt
  • Potassium permanganate -  a poisonous salt that forms dark purple crystals and is purple-red when dissolved in water; used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant and antiseptic
  • Potency -  capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects; the state of being potent; a male's capacity to have sexual intercourse; the power or right to give orders or make decisions; the inherent capacity for coming into being
  • Potion -  a medicinal or magical or poisonous beverage
  • Pravachol -  an oral drug (trade name Pravachol) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after nonfatal heart attacks
  • Prazosin -  antihypertensive drug (trade name Minipress)
  • PRC -  a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world
  • Prednisolone -  a glucocorticoid (trade names Pediapred or Prelone) used to treat inflammatory conditions
  • Prednisone -  a dehydrogenated analogue of cortisol (trade names Orasone or Deltasone or Liquid Pred or Meticorten); used as an anti-inflammatory drug in the treatment of arthritis and as an immunosuppressant
  • Prescription drug -  a drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist
  • Prevacid -  antacid (trade name Prevacid) that suppresses acid secretion in the stomach
  • Prilosec -  antacid (trade name Prilosec) that suppresses acid secretion in the stomach
  • Primaxin -  trade name for a parenteral antibiotic
  • Primidone -  an anticonvulsant (trade name Mysoline) used to treat grand mal seizures and essential tremor
  • Principen -  semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK-Ampicillin)
  • Privine -  vasoconstrictor (trade names Privine and Sudafed) used in nasal sprays to treat symptoms of nasal congestion and in eyedrops to treat eye irritation
  • PRO -  in favor of (an action or proposal etc.);  favoring a proposition, opinion, etc.;  an argument in favor of a proposal; an athlete who plays for pay
  • Procaine -  a white crystalline powder (trade name Ethocaine) administered near nerves as a local anesthetic in dentistry and medicine
  • Procarbazine -  an antineoplastic drug used to treat Hodgkin's disease
  • Procardia -  calcium blocker (trade name Procardia); appears to increase the risk of recurrent heart attacks
  • Processing -  preparing or putting through a prescribed procedure
  • professor -  someone who is a member of the faculty at a college or university
  • Project -  a planned undertaking; any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; verb present for consideration; regard as objective; communicate vividly; transfer (ideas or principles) from one domain into another; throw, send, or cast forward; put or send forth; draw a projection of; project on a screen; cause to be heard; imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind; make or work out a plan for; devise; extend out or project in space
  • promethazine -  antihistamine (trade name Phenergan) used to treat allergies; also an antiemetic used to treat motion sickness
  • Propylene glycol -  a sweet colorless, viscous, hygroscopic liquid used as an antifreeze and in brake fluid and also as a humectant in cosmetics and personal care items although it can be absorbed through the skin with harmful effects
  • ProSom -  a frequently prescribed sleeping pill (trade name ProSom)
  • Prostigmin -  a cholinergic drug (trade name Prostigmin) used to treat some ophthalmic conditions and to treat myasthenia gravis
  • Protein -  any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
  • Proventil -  a bronchodilator (trade names Ventolin or Proventil) used for asthma and emphysema and other lung conditions; available in oral or inhalant forms; side effects are tachycardia and shakiness
  • Prozac -  a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Prozac)
  • Prussian blue -  a dark greenish-blue color; any of various blue pigments
  • pseudoephedrine -  poisonous crystalline alkaloid occurring with ephedrine and isomorphic with it
  • PSI -  the 23rd letter of the Greek alphabet; a unit of pressure
  • Psilocybin -  a hallucinogenic compound obtained from a mushroom
  • Purinethol -  a drug (trade name Purinethol) that interferes with the metabolism of purine and is used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia
  • Pyocyanase -  a yellow-green mixture of antibiotics obtained from the bacillus of green pus
  • Pyridoxine -  a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch
  • Quaalude -  sedative-hypnotic drug (trade name Quaalude) that is a drug of abuse
  • quality -  of high social status; of superior grade;  an essential and distinguishing attribute of something or someone; a degree or grade of excellence or worth; a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something; high social status; (music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound)
  • Quinidex -  cardiac drug (trade names Quinidex and Quinora) used to treat certain heart arrhythmias
  • Quinidine -  cardiac drug (trade names Quinidex and Quinora) used to treat certain heart arrhythmias
  • Quinine -  a bitter alkaloid extracted from chinchona bark; used in malaria therapy
  • R -  the 18th letter of the Roman alphabet; the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere; (physics) the universal constant in the gas equation: pressure times volume = R times temperature; equal to 8.3143 joules per kelvin per mole; a unit of radiation exposure; the dose of ionizing radiation that will produce 1 electrostatic unit of electricity in 1 cc of dry air
  • Racemic acid -  the optically inactive form of tartaric acid that is often found in grape juice
  • Radium -  an intensely radioactive metallic element that occurs in minute amounts in uranium ores
  • Ranitidine -  a histamine blocker and antacid (trade name Zantac) used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis and esophageal reflux
  • Reboxetine -  an antidepressant drug that blocks the reuptake of norepinephrine
  • reductase -  an enzyme that catalyses the biochemical reduction of some specified substance
  • Relafen -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Relafen)
  • Remicade -  an anti-TNF compound (trade name Remicade) consisting of an antibody directed against TNF; it is given intravenously at one-month to three-month intervals; used in treatment of regional enteritis and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Remorse -  a feeling of deep regret (usually for some misdeed)
  • Rescriptor -  a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (trade name Rescriptor) used to treat AIDS and HIV
  • Restoril -  a frequently prescribed benzodiazepine (trade name Restoril); takes effect slowly and lasts long enough to help those people who wake up frequently during the night
  • Retinol -  an unsaturated alcohol that occurs in marine fish-liver oils and is synthesized biologically from carotene
  • Retrovir -  an antiviral drug (trade name Retrovir) used in the treatment of AIDS; adverse side effects include liver damage and suppression of the bone marrow
  • Retrovirus -  any of a group of viruses that contain two single-strand linear RNA molecules per virion and reverse transcriptase (RNA to DNA)
  • Revolution -  the overthrow of a government by those who are governed; a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving; a single complete turn (axial or orbital)
  • rg -  a radioactive transuranic element
  • RH -  any of several hormones produced in the hypothalamus and carried by a vein to the anterior pituitary gland where they stimulate the release of anterior pituitary hormones; each of these hormones causes the anterior pituitary to secrete a specific hormone; a white hard metallic element that is one of the platinum group and is found in platinum ores; used in alloys with platinum; a blood group antigen possessed by Rh-positive people; if an Rh-negative person receives a blood transfusion from an Rh-positive person it can result in hemolysis and anemia
  • rheology -  the branch of physics that studies the deformation and flow of matter
  • Rho -  the 17th letter of the Greek alphabet
  • Ribavirin -  an inhaled antiviral agent (trade name Virazole) that may be used to treat serious virus infections
  • Riboflavin -  a B vitamin that prevents skin lesions and weight loss
  • Richardson -  British stage and screen actor noted for playing classic roles (1902-1983); United States architect (1838-1886)
  • Ricin -  a toxic protein extracted from castor beans; used as a chemical reagent; can be used as a bioweapon
  • Rifadin -  an antibacterial drug (trade names Rifadin and Rimactane) used to treat tuberculosis
  • Rimactane -  an antibacterial drug (trade names Rifadin and Rimactane) used to treat tuberculosis
  • Ritalin -  central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children
  • Ritonavir -  a protease inhibitor (trade name Norvir) used in treating HIV
  • Ro -  an artificial language for international use that rejects all existing words and is based instead on an abstract analysis of ideas
  • Ro -  an artificial language for international use that rejects all existing words and is based instead on an abstract analysis of ideas
  • Robaxin -  muscle relaxant for skeletal muscles (trade name Robaxin) used to treat spasms
  • Robitussin -  trade name of an expectorant that loosens phlegm and makes it easier to cough up
  • Rocephin -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Rocephin) used for severe infection of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • Rofecoxib -  a Cox-2 inhibitor (trade name Vioxx) that relieves pain without harming the digestive tract; voluntarily withdrawn from the market in 2004
  • Rohypnol -  a depressant and tranquilizer (trade name Rohypnol) often used in the commission of sexual assault; legally available in Europe and Mexico and Colombia
  • room -  an area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling; the people who are present in a room; space for movement; opportunity for; verb live and take one's meals at or in
  • Route -  an open way (generally public) for travel or transportation; an established line of travel or access; verb divert in a specified direction; send via a specific route; send documents or materials to appropriate destinations
  • RU -  a rare polyvalent metallic element of the platinum group; it is found associated with platinum
  • Rubidium -  a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali metal group; burns in air and reacts violently in water; occurs in carnallite and lepidolite and pollucite
  • RV -  a motorized wheeled vehicle used for camping or other recreational activities
  • S -  the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet; (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work; a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm; the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees; an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions); 1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Salicylic acid -  a white crystalline substance with a bitter aftertaste; used as a fungicide or in making aspirin or dyes or perfumes
  • Saline -  containing salt;  an isotonic solution of sodium chloride and distilled water
  • Samarium -  a grey lustrous metallic element of the rare earth group; is used in special alloys; occurs in monazite and bastnasite
  • Saquinavir -  a weak protease inhibitor (trade name Invirase) used in treating HIV
  • SB -  a bachelor's degree in science; a metallic element having four allotropic forms; used in a wide variety of alloys; found in stibnite
  • Schinus molle -  small Peruvian evergreen with broad rounded head and slender pendant branches with attractive clusters of greenish flowers followed by clusters of rose-pink fruits
  • Secobarbital -  barbiturate that is a white odorless slightly bitter powder (trade name Seconal) used as a sodium salt for sedation and to treat convulsions
  • Seconal -  barbiturate that is a white odorless slightly bitter powder (trade name Seconal) used as a sodium salt for sedation and to treat convulsions
  • Sectral -  an oral beta blocker (trade name Sectral) used in treating hypertension
  • sedative -  tending to soothe or tranquilize;  a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person
  • Selenium -  a toxic nonmetallic element related to sulfur and tellurium; occurs in several allotropic forms; a stable grey metallike allotrope conducts electricity better in the light than in the dark and is used in photocells; occurs in sulfide ores (as pyrite)
  • Serax -  a tranquilizing drug (trade name Serax) used to treat anxiety and insomnia and alcohol withdrawal
  • Serotonin -  a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory
  • Serpasil -  antihypertensive consisting of an alkaloid extracted from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina (trade names Raudixin or Rau-Sed or Sandril or Serpasil)
  • Sertraline -  a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Zoloft)
  • Serzone -  an antidepressant drug (trade name Serzone)
  • Seven Seas -  an informal expression for all of the oceans of the world
  • Shampoo -  the act of washing your hair with shampoo; cleansing agent consisting of soaps or detergents used for washing the hair; verb use shampoo on (hair)
  • Sharer -  someone who has or gives or receives a part or a share
  • Shelf life -  the length of time a packaged food or drug will last without deteriorating
  • Shellac -  a thin varnish made by dissolving lac in ethanol; used to finish wood; lac purified by heating and filtering; usually in thin orange or yellow flakes but sometimes bleached white; verb cover with shellac
  • Shire -  British breed of large heavy draft horse; a former administrative district of England; equivalent to a county
  • shop -  a mercantile establishment for the retail sale of goods or services; a course of instruction in a trade (as carpentry or electricity); small workplace where handcrafts or manufacturing are done; verb do one's shopping; shop around; not necessarily buying; give away information about somebody; do one's shopping at; do business with; be a customer or client of
  • SIB -  one related by blood or origin; especially on sharing an ancestor with another; a person's brother or sister
  • Side effect -  any adverse and unwanted secondary effect; a secondary and usually adverse effect of a drug or therapy
  • Sildenafil -  virility drug (trade name Viagra) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • Silicon -  a tetravalent nonmetallic element; next to oxygen it is the most abundant element in the earth's crust; occurs in clay and feldspar and granite and quartz and sand; used as a semiconductor in transistors
  • Silicon dioxide -  a white or colorless vitreous insoluble solid (SiO2); various forms occur widely in the earth's crust as quartz or cristobalite or tridymite or lechartelierite
  • Simvastatin -  an oral lipid-lowering medicine (trade name Zocor) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after heart attacks
  • Sinequan -  a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Adapin and Sinequan) with numerous side effects (dry mouth and sedation and gastrointestinal disturbances)
  • Sm -  a master's degree in science; a grey lustrous metallic element of the rare earth group; is used in special alloys; occurs in monazite and bastnasite
  • SM -  a master's degree in science; a grey lustrous metallic element of the rare earth group; is used in special alloys; occurs in monazite and bastnasite
  • Smith -  someone who works metal (especially by hammering it when it is hot and malleable); someone who works at something specified; Scottish economist who advocated private enterprise and free trade (1723-1790); English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia; was said to have been saved by Pocahontas (1580-1631); religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844); United States blues singer (1894-1937); United States suffragist who refused to pay taxes until she could vote (1792-1886); United States singer noted for her rendition of patriotic songs (1909-1986); United States sculptor (1906-1965); Rhodesian statesman who declared independence of Zimbabwe from Great Britain (born in 1919)
  • Smoking -  emitting smoke in great volume;  the act of smoking tobacco or other substances; a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • Snake oil -  (medicine) any of various liquids sold as medicine (as by a travelling medicine show) but medically worthless; communication (written or spoken) intended to deceive
  • SNAP -  the act of snapping the fingers; movement of a finger from the tip to the base of the thumb on the same hand; a fastener used on clothing; fastens with a snapping sound; a sudden breaking; the noise produced by the rapid movement of a finger from the tip to the base of the thumb on the same hand; a spell of cold weather; (American football) putting the ball in play by passing it (between the legs) to a back; the act of catching an object with the hands; any undertaking that is easy to do; an informal photograph; usually made with a small hand-held camera; the tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed; a sudden sharp noise; a crisp round cookie flavored with ginger; tender green beans without strings that easily snap into sections; verb break suddenly and abruptly, as under tension; snap close with a sound; utter in an angry, sharp, or abrupt tone; cause to make a snapping sound; put in play with a snap; move or strike with a noise; move with a snapping sound; make a sharp sound; record on photographic film; to grasp hastily or eagerly; separate or cause to separate abruptly; lose control of one's emotions
  • Snuff -  snuff colored; of a greyish to yellowish brown;  finely powdered tobacco for sniffing up the nose; a pinch of smokeless tobacco inhaled at a single time; the charred portion of a candlewick; sensing an odor by inhaling through the nose; verb inhale audibly through the nose; sniff or smell inquiringly
  • Sodium -  a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
  • Sodium nitrite -  nitrite used to preserve and color food especially in meat and fish products; implicated in the formation of suspected carcinogens
  • Sol -  the syllable naming the fifth (dominant) note of any musical scale in solmization; (Roman mythology) ancient Roman god; personification of the sun; counterpart of Greek Helios; a colloid that has a continuous liquid phase in which a solid is suspended in a liquid
  • Solution -  the successful action of solving a problem; a method for solving a problem; a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem; the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation; a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances; frequently (but not necessarily) a liquid solution
  • Soma -  personification of a sacred intoxicating drink used in Vedic ritual; leafless East Indian vine; its sour milky juice formerly used to make an intoxicating drink; alternative names for the body of a human being
  • Sonata -  a musical composition of 3 or 4 movements of contrasting forms
  • song -  the act of singing; a short musical composition with words; a distinctive or characteristic sound; a very small sum; the characteristic sound produced by a bird; the imperial dynasty of China from 960 to 1279; noted for art and literature and philosophy
  • Spironolactone -  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
  • Sporanox -  an oral antifungal drug (trade name Sporanox) taken for cases of fungal nail disease
  • SR -  the unit of solid angle adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; a soft silver-white or yellowish metallic element of the alkali metal group; turns yellow in air; occurs in celestite and strontianite
  • SS -  special police force in Nazi Germany founded as a personal bodyguard for Adolf Hitler in 1925; the SS administered the concentration camps; the United States intelligence agency that protects current and former presidents and vice presidents and their immediate families and protects distinguished foreign visitors; detects and apprehends counterfeiters; suppresses forgery of government securities and documents
  • Starch -  a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles; verb stiffen with starch
  • Statin -  a medicine that lowers blood cholesterol levels by inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase
  • Stimulant -  that stimulates;  a drug that temporarily quickens some vital process; any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action
  • Stomachic -  relating to or involving the stomach
  • story -  a piece of fiction that narrates a chain of related events; a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale; a record or narrative description of past events; a short account of the news; a trivial lie; a message that tells the particulars of an act or occurrence or course of events; presented in writing or drama or cinema or as a radio or television program
  • Straight -  right; in keeping with the facts; successive (without a break); following a correct or logical method; (of hair) having no waves or curls; not homosexual; erect in posture; having no deviations; free from curves or angles; characterized by honesty and fairness; neatly arranged; not disorderly; rigidly conventional or old-fashioned; without water; without evasion or compromise; accurately fitted; level; no longer coiled;  in a straight line; in a direct course; without deviation; in a forthright manner; candidly or frankly;  a poker hand with 5 consecutive cards (regardless of suit); a straight segment of a roadway or racecourse; a heterosexual person; someone having a sexual orientation to persons of the opposite sex
  • Streptokinase -  an enzyme produced by some strains of streptococcus that can liquefy blood clots by converting plasminogen to plasmin; used medicinally in some cases of myocardial infarction and pulmonary embolism
  • Streptomycin -  an antibiotic produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces griseus and used to treat tuberculosis
  • Strontium -  a soft silver-white or yellowish metallic element of the alkali metal group; turns yellow in air; occurs in celestite and strontianite
  • Sublimaze -  trade names of a narcotic analgesic that can be inhaled and that acts on the central nervous system and may become addictive; used as a veterinary anesthetic and with other drugs before, during, and after surgery; also used as a nonlethal gas to incapacitate people in hostage situations; also abused as a recreational drug
  • Succinic acid -  a dicarboxylic acid (C4H6O4) active in metabolic processes
  • Sucralfate -  medicine consisting of a tablet (trade name Carafate) used to treat peptic ulcers; said to bind to the ulcer site and coat it
  • Sudafed -  vasoconstrictor (trade names Privine and Sudafed) used in nasal sprays to treat symptoms of nasal congestion and in eyedrops to treat eye irritation
  • Sugar -  a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative; informal terms for money; an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain; verb sweeten with sugar
  • Sulamyd -  a topical sulfonamide (trade name Sulamyd) used to treat eye infections
  • Sulfacetamide -  a topical sulfonamide (trade name Sulamyd) used to treat eye infections
  • Sulfadiazine -  a sulfa drug used in treating meningitis and pneumonia and other infections
  • sulfamethoxazole -  a sulfonamide (trade name Gantanol) used to treat infections (especially infections of the urinary tract)
  • Sulfapyridine -  sulfa drug derived from pyridine and sulfanilamide
  • sulfate -  a salt or ester of sulphuric acid; verb convert into a sulfate
  • Sulfur -  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions); verb treat with sulphur in order to preserve
  • sulfuric acid -  (H2SO4) a highly corrosive acid made from sulfur dioxide; widely used in the chemical industry
  • Sulindac -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Clinoril)
  • sunscreen -  a cream spread on the skin; contains a chemical (as PABA) to filter out ultraviolet light and so protect from sunburn
  • Suppository -  a small plug of medication designed for insertion into the rectum or vagina where it melts
  • Surmontil -  tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Surmontil) used to treat depression and anxiety and (sometimes) insomnia
  • Suspension -  a temporary debarment (from a privilege or position etc); the act of suspending something (hanging it from above so it moves freely); a mechanical system of springs or shock absorbers connecting the wheels and axles to the chassis of a wheeled vehicle; an interruption in the intensity or amount of something; a mixture in which fine particles are suspended in a fluid where they are supported by buoyancy; temporary cessation or suspension; a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something
  • Swanson -  United States actress in many silent films (1899-1983)
  • Sweden -  a Scandinavian kingdom in the eastern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula
  • Syringe -  a medical instrument used to inject or withdraw fluids; verb spray or irrigate (a body part) with a syringe
  • Syrup -  a thick sweet sticky liquid
  • Tablet -  a small flat compressed cake of some substance; a slab of stone or wood suitable for bearing an inscription; a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge
  • Tadalafil -  virility drug (trade name Cialis) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • Tagamet -  a drug (trade name Tagamet) used to treat peptic ulcers by decreasing the secretion of stomach acid
  • Talc -  a fine grained mineral having a soft soapy feel and consisting of hydrated magnesium silicate; used in a variety of products including talcum powder; verb apply talcum powder to (one's body)
  • Talwin -  analgesic drug (trade name Talwin) that is less addictive than morphine
  • Tambocor -  oral antiarrhythmic medication (trade name Tambocor) used as a last resort in treating arrhythmias; increases the risk of sudden death in heart attack patients
  • Tamoxifen -  an antagonist for estrogen that is used in the treatment of breast cancer
  • Tandearil -  an anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Tandearil) used to treat arthritis and bursitis
  • Tartaric acid -  an acid found in many fruits; used in soft drinks and confectionery and baking powder
  • Tazicef -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade names Fortaz and Tazicef) used to treat moderate infections
  • TB -  a unit of information equal to a trillion (1,099,511,627,776) bytes or 1024 gigabytes; infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages); a metallic element of the rare earth group; used in lasers; occurs in apatite and monazite and xenotime and ytterbite
  • TC -  a permanent council of the United Nations that commissions a country (or countries) to undertake the administration of a territory; a crystalline metallic element not found in nature; occurs as one of the fission products of uranium
  • Technetium -  a crystalline metallic element not found in nature; occurs as one of the fission products of uranium
  • Technetium -  a crystalline metallic element not found in nature; occurs as one of the fission products of uranium
  • Tenormin -  an oral beta blocker (trade name Tenormin) used in treating hypertension and angina; has adverse side effects (depression and exacerbation of congestive heart failure etc.)
  • Terbinafine -  an oral antifungal drug (trade name Lamisil) used to treat cases of fungal nail disease
  • Testosterone -  a potent androgenic hormone produced chiefly by the testes; responsible for the development of male secondary sex characteristics
  • Testosterone -  a potent androgenic hormone produced chiefly by the testes; responsible for the development of male secondary sex characteristics
  • Tetracaine -  a crystalline compound used in the form of a hydrochloride as a local anesthetic
  • Tetracycline -  an antibiotic (trade name Achromycin) derived from microorganisms of the genus Streptomyces and used broadly to treat infections
  • Thalidomide -  a sedative and hypnotic drug; withdrawn from sale after discovered to cause severe birth defects because it inhibits angiogenesis
  • Theobid -  a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator
  • Theophylline -  a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator
  • Therapeutics -  branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of disease
  • Therapy -  (medicine) the act of caring for someone (as by medication or remedial training etc.)
  • Thiamine -  a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
  • Thioridazine -  a tranquilizer (trade name Mellaril) used to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
  • Thiotepa -  an antineoplastic drug used to treat certain malignancies
  • Thrombin -  an enzyme that acts on fibrinogen in blood causing it to clot
  • Timolol -  a beta blocker (trade name Blocadren) administered after heart attacks
  • Tincture -  (pharmacology) a medicine consisting of an extract in an alcohol solution; a substances that colors metals; a quality of a given color that differs slightly from a primary color; an indication that something has been present; verb stain or tint with a color; fill, as with a certain quality
  • Tincture of iodine -  a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic
  • Tincture of Opium -  narcotic consisting of an alcohol solution of opium or any preparation in which opium is the main ingredient
  • Titanium dioxide -  a white powder used as a pigment for its high covering power and durability
  • Title -  an established or recognized right; an identifying appellation signifying status or function: e.g. `Mr.' or `General'; an appellation signifying nobility; the name of a work of art or literary composition etc.; a heading that names a statute or legislative bill; may give a brief summary of the matters it deals with; (usually plural) written material introduced into a movie or TV show to give credits or represent dialogue or explain an action; a general or descriptive heading for a section of a written work; an informal right to something; a legal document signed and sealed and delivered to effect a transfer of property and to show the legal right to possess it; the status of being a champion; verb designate by an identifying term; give a title to
  • TM -  a soft silvery metallic element of the rare earth group; isotope 170 emits X-rays and is used in small portable X-ray machines; it occurs in monazite and apatite and xenotime
  • tobacco -  leaves of the tobacco plant dried and prepared for smoking or ingestion; aromatic annual or perennial herbs and shrubs
  • Tobramycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Nebcin) that is especially effective against Gram-negative bacteria
  • Tocainide -  antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Tonocard) used to treat ventricular arrhythmias when less dangerous drugs have failed
  • Tofranil -  a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Imavate and Tofranil) used to treat clinical depression
  • Tolazamide -  a drug (trade name Tolinase) used in treating stable adult-onset diabetes mellitus
  • Tolazoline -  vasodilator that is used to treat spasms of peripheral blood vessels (as in acrocyanosis)
  • Tolectin -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Tolectin)
  • Tolinase -  a drug (trade name Tolinase) used in treating stable adult-onset diabetes mellitus
  • Tonocard -  antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Tonocard) used to treat ventricular arrhythmias when less dangerous drugs have failed
  • Toothpaste -  a dentifrice in the form of a paste
  • Topology -  the configuration of a communication network; the branch of pure mathematics that deals only with the properties of a figure X that hold for every figure into which X can be transformed with a one-to-one correspondence that is continuous in both directions; topographic study of a given place (especially the history of place as indicated by its topography); the study of anatomy based on regions or divisions of the body and emphasizing the relations between various structures (muscles and nerves and arteries etc.) in that region
  • Toradol -  nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Acular and Toradol) that is administered only intramuscularly
  • Toxicity -  the degree to which something is poisonous; grave harmfulness or deadliness
  • toxicology -  the branch of pharmacology that deals with the nature and effects and treatments of poisons
  • Toxin -  a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
  • Trait -  a distinguishing feature of your personal nature
  • Trandate -  antihypertensive drug (trade names Trandate and Normodyne) that blocks alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors of the sympathetic nervous system (leading to a decrease in blood pressure)
  • Transdermal -  through the unbroken skin; refers to medications applied directly to the skin (creams or ointments) or in time-release forms (skin patches)
  • Transdermal patch -  a medicated adhesive pad placed on the skin for absorption of a time released dose of medication into the bloodstream
  • Trazodone -  oral antidepressant (trade name Desyrel) that is a nontricyclic drug used as a sedative
  • Trental -  a drug (trade name Trental) used to treat claudication; believed to increase the flexibility of red blood cells so they can flow through the blood vessels to the legs and feet
  • Triamcinolone -  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti-inflammatory agent
  • Triavil -  tranquilizer and antidepressant (trade name Triavil) sometimes used as an antiemetic for adults
  • Triazolam -  a form of benzodiazepine (trade name Halcion) frequently prescribed as a sleeping pill; usually given to people who have trouble falling asleep
  • Trichloroethane -  a heavy colorless highly toxic liquid used as a solvent to clean electronic components and for dry cleaning and as a fumigant; causes cancer and liver and lung damage
  • Trimipramine -  tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Surmontil) used to treat depression and anxiety and (sometimes) insomnia
  • Trimox -  an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • Tuberculin -  a sterile liquid containing a purified protein derivative of the tuberculosis bacterium; used in the diagnosis of tuberculosis
  • Tungsten -  a heavy grey-white metallic element; the pure form is used mainly in electrical applications; it is found in several ores including wolframite and scheelite
  • Turpentine -  volatile liquid distilled from turpentine oleoresin; used as paint thinner and solvent and medicinally; obtained from conifers (especially pines)
  • Tx -  the second largest state; located in southwestern United States on the Gulf of Mexico
  • Tylenol -  an analgesic for mild pain; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)
  • Tyramine -  amino acid derived from tyrosine; has a sympathomimetic action; found in chocolate and cola drinks and ripe cheese and beer
  • UK -  a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland
  • Understand - verb know and comprehend the nature or meaning of; perceive (an idea or situation) mentally; believe to be the case; make sense of a language; be understanding of
  • Unguent -  semisolid preparation (usually containing a medicine) applied externally as a remedy or for soothing an irritation
  • Up -  used up; (used of computers) operating properly; open; (usually followed by `on' or `for') in readiness; extending or moving toward a higher place; being or moving higher in position or greater in some value; being above a former position or level; out of bed; getting higher or more vigorous;  spatially or metaphorically from a lower to a higher position; to a later time; to a more central or a more northerly place; nearer to the speaker; to a higher intensity; verb raise
  • uracil -  a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
  • US -  North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
  • Vaccine -  immunogen consisting of a suspension of weakened or dead pathogenic cells injected in order to stimulate the production of antibodies
  • Vaccinia -  a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox; normally lasts three weeks and leaves a pitted scar; a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
  • Validation -  the act of validating; finding or testing the truth of something; the cognitive process of establishing a valid proof
  • Valium -  a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning
  • Vanadium -  a soft silvery white toxic metallic element used in steel alloys; it occurs in several complex minerals including carnotite and vanadinite
  • Vancocin -  an antibiotic (trade name Vancocin) effective against some bacterial infections
  • Vancomycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Vancocin) effective against some bacterial infections
  • Vaporizer -  a device that puts out a substance in the form of a vapor (especially for medicinal inhalation)
  • Vardenafil -  virility drug (trade name Levitra) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • Vasotec -  an ACE inhibitor (trade name Vasotec) that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidney and so results in vasodilation; administered after heart attacks
  • Velban -  periwinkle plant derivative used as an antineoplastic drug (trade name Velban) that disrupts cell division
  • Venom -  toxin secreted by animals; secreted by certain snakes and poisonous insects (e.g., spiders and scorpions); feeling a need to see others suffer
  • Verapamil -  a drug (trade names Calan and Isoptin) used as an oral or parenteral calcium blocker in cases of hypertension or congestive heart failure or angina or migraine
  • Viagra -  virility drug (trade name Viagra) used to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • Vial -  a small bottle that contains a drug (especially a sealed sterile container for injection by needle)
  • Vibramycin -  an antibiotic derived from tetracycline that is effective against many infections
  • Vinblastine -  periwinkle plant derivative used as an antineoplastic drug (trade name Velban) that disrupts cell division
  • Vincristine -  periwinkle plant derivative used as an antineoplastic drug (trade name Oncovin); used to treat cancer of the lymphatic system
  • Viosterol -  a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • Vioxx -  a Cox-2 inhibitor (trade name Vioxx) that relieves pain without harming the digestive tract; voluntarily withdrawn from the market in 2004
  • Viracept -  a protease inhibitor (trade name Viracept) used in treating HIV usually in combination with other drugs
  • Viramune -  a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (trade name Viramune) used to treat AIDS and HIV
  • Virazole -  an inhaled antiviral agent (trade name Virazole) that may be used to treat serious virus infections
  • Vistaril -  a drug (trade names Atarax and Vistaril) used as a tranquilizer to treat anxiety and motion sickness
  • Vitamin C -  a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • Voltaren -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Voltaren) that is administered only orally
  • Warfarin -  an anticoagulant (trade name Coumadin) use to prevent and treat a thrombus or embolus
  • WAY -  to a great degree or by a great distance; very much (`right smart' is regional in the United States);  a journey or passage; a course of conduct; any artifact consisting of a road or path affording passage from one place to another; the property of distance in general; doing as one pleases or chooses; a general category of things; used in the expression `in the way of'; a portion of something divided into shares; the condition of things generally; how a result is obtained or an end is achieved; how something is done or how it happens; a line leading to a place or point; space for movement
  • whistleblower -  an informant who exposes wrongdoing within an organization in the hope of stopping it
  • Whole blood -  blood that has not been modified except for the addition of an anticoagulant
  • Wilson's disease -  a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism; copper accumulates in the liver and then in the red blood cells and brain
  • Wine -  a red as dark as red wine; fermented juice (of grapes especially); verb treat to wine; drink wine
  • Wy -  a state in the western United States; mountainous in the west and north with the Great Plains in the east
  • Wytensin -  antihypertensive drug (trade name Wytensin) that reduces blood pressure by its effect on the central nervous system
  • Xanax -  an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
  • Xylocaine -  a local anesthetic (trade names Lidocaine and Xylocaine) used topically on the skin and mucous membranes
  • Yttrium -  a silvery metallic element that is common in rare-earth minerals; used in magnesium and aluminum alloys
  • Zantac -  a histamine blocker and antacid (trade name Zantac) used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis and esophageal reflux
  • Zantac -  a histamine blocker and antacid (trade name Zantac) used to treat peptic ulcers and gastritis and esophageal reflux
  • Zarontin -  an anticonvulsant drug (trade names Emeside and Zarontin) used to treat petit mal epilepsy
  • Zestril -  an ACE inhibiting drug (trade names Prinival or Zestril) administered as an antihypertensive and after heart attacks
  • Zidovudine -  an antiviral drug (trade name Retrovir) used in the treatment of AIDS; adverse side effects include liver damage and suppression of the bone marrow
  • Zinacef -  a cephalosporin that can be given parenterally (trade name Zinacef) or orally by tablets (trade name Ceftin); indicated for infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract or meninges
  • Zinc -  a bluish-white lustrous metallic element; brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable when heated; used in a wide variety of alloys and in galvanizing iron; it occurs as zinc sulphide in zinc blende; verb coat or cover with zinc
  • Zocor -  an oral lipid-lowering medicine (trade name Zocor) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after heart attacks
  • Zoloft -  a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Zoloft)
  • Zovirax -  an oral antiviral drug (trade name Zovirax) used to treat genital herpes; does not cure the disease but relieves the symptoms
  • Zyloprim -  a drug (trade name Zyloprim) used to treat gout and other conditions in which there is an excessive buildup of uric acid

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