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WikiMD Resources for Rheumatology


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List of terms related to Rheumatology

Field of medicine that concerns diseases of mainly the joints, bones, specifically osteoporosis and connective tissue diseases such as Rheumatoid arthritis, Lupus, Sjogrens disease, Osteoarthritis etc.

Rheumatoid arthritis

One of the major diseases in Rheumatology is Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) which is a form of arthritis that causes pain, swelling, stiffness and loss of function in your joints. It can affect any joint but is common in the wrist and fingers.

More women than men get rheumatoid arthritis. It often starts in middle age and is most common in older people. You might have the disease for only a short time, or symptoms might come and go. The severe form can last a lifetime.

Rheumatoid arthritis is different from osteoarthritis, the common arthritis that often comes with older age. RA can affect body parts besides joints, such as your eyes, mouth and lungs. RA is an autoimmune disease, which means the arthritis results from your immune system attacking your body's own tissues.

No one knows what causes rheumatoid arthritis. Genes, environment, and hormones might contribute. Treatments include medicine, lifestyle changes, and surgery. These can slow or stop joint damage and reduce pain and swelling.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is arthritis that affects the spine, usually producing redness, heat, swelling, and pain in the spine where it joins the pelvis.


Arthritis joint inflammation and though it is a symptom rather than a diagnosis, the term is often used to refer to any disorder affecting the joints.

Autoimmune Diseases

What are autoimmune diseases? These diseases occur when your immune cells attack your body by mistake. These diseases can affect almost any part of the body.

Autoinflammatory Diseases

They cause your immune cells to attack your body by mistake, and can cause fever, rash, joint swelling, and more.

Behçet’s Disease

Behçet’s disease is a chronic condition that causes mouth or genital sores, and inflammation in parts of the eye.


Bursitis common condition that causes swelling and pain around muscles and bones.

Giant Cell Arteritis

Giant cell arteritis causes arteries in the scalp and neck to become red, hot, swollen, or painful. Arteries most affected are those in the temples.


Gout a kind of arthritis that causes painful and stiff joints. Gout is caused by the build-up of crystals of uric acid in your joints.

Juvenile Arthritis

Juvenile arthritis is the term used to describe arthritis in children. Arthritis is caused by inflammation of the joints.


Lupus happens when the body’s defense system attacks healthy cells and tissues, instead of viruses and bacteria. This can damage many parts of the body.


Osteoarthritis damages the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones, causing bones to rub together, producing pain, swelling, and loss of motion.

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Polymyalgia rheumatica causes muscle pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulder, and hip, and can be accompanied by fever, weakness, and weight loss.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis can occur in people who have psoriasis (scaly red and white patches). It affects the joints and areas where tissues attach to bone.

Reactive Arthritis

Reactive arthritis is caused by an infection and results in joint pain and swelling. You may also have red, swollen eyes and a swollen urinary tract.


Scleroderma is a group of diseases causing patches of tight, hard skin. Some forms of scleroderma also damage your blood vessels and internal organs.

Sjögren’s Syndrome

Sjögren’s syndrome is a disease that affects the glands that make moisture. It most often causes dryness in the mouth and eyes.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Lupus)

Lupus a disease where the body’s defense system attacks healthy cells and tissues, causing damage to many parts of the body.


Tendinitis is swelling and pain in a joint usually caused by repeated injuries to a tendon, the part of the joint that connects muscles to bones.

List of Rheumatology topics

Rheumatologic diseases

Arthritis is often used to refer to any disorder that affects the joints. Rheumatic diseases usually affect joints, tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles. Rheumatologic diseases usually affect joints, tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles.

Connective Tissue Diseases
Rheumatology and Connective Tissue Diseases
Ankylosing spondylitis Arthritis
Arthritis and Rheumatic diseases Autoimmune diseases
Autoinflammatory diseases Behçet’s disease
Bursitis Giant cell arteritis
Gout Juvenile arthritis
Knee problems Lupus
Osteoarthritis Polymyalgia rheumatica
Psoriatic arthritis Reactive arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis Scleroderma
Sjögren’s syndrome Systemic lupus erythematosus (Lupus)
Tendinitis Rheumatologic diseases

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