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Women (pronunciation: /ˈwɪmɪn/) are adult human females. In terms of biological sex, women typically have two X chromosomes, but variations exist due to conditions such as Turner Syndrome and Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome.


The term "woman" is derived from the Old English "wīfmann", which is a combination of the words "wīf" (wife) and "mann" (human being). This term evolved into the Middle English "woman", and finally into the modern English "woman".

Related Terms

  • Femininity: The quality of being female; womanliness.
  • Womanhood: The state or condition of being a woman.
  • Mother: A woman in relation to her child or children.
  • Daughter: A woman in relation to her parents.
  • Sister: A woman or girl in relation to other daughters and sons of her parents.
  • Wife: A married woman considered in relation to her spouse.
  • Female: Of or denoting the sex that can bear offspring or produce eggs, distinguished biologically by the production of gametes (ova) which can be fertilized by male gametes.

Health Issues Specific to Women

Women have unique health issues. Some health issues affect both women and men, but they affect women differently. Examples include Cardiovascular Disease, Osteoporosis, and Depression. Certain conditions are specific to women, such as Menopause, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, and Cervical Cancer. Women can also have complications in pregnancy, such as Gestational Diabetes and Pre-eclampsia.

Women in Society

Women's roles in society have varied greatly throughout history. In many cultures, women have been, and in some places still are, considered the property of men. However, in many parts of the world today, women have the same legal rights as men. They can vote, own property, and hold public office. They can also work in professions that were once only available to men, such as law, medicine, and politics. Despite these advances, women still face discrimination and violence because of their gender.

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