Food ingredients

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The various components and ingredients used in the preparation, preservation, distribution and seving of food.

Glossary of terms

  • Acetaldehyde -  a colorless volatile water-soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs
  • acetate -  a salt or ester of acetic acid; a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
  • Acetic acid -  a colorless pungent liquid widely used in manufacturing plastics and pharmaceuticals
  • Acetone -  the simplest ketone; a highly inflammable liquid widely used as an organic solvent and as material for making plastics
  • Acetyl -  the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)
  • Achillea millefolium -  ubiquitous strong-scented mat-forming Eurasian herb of wasteland, hedgerow or pasture having narrow serrate leaves and small usually white florets; widely naturalized in North America
  • Acorus calamus -  perennial marsh plant having swordlike leaves and aromatic roots
  • Activated carbon -  powdered or granular carbon used for purifying by adsorption; given orally (as a slurry) it is an antidote for some kinds of poisons
  • Ada -  an enzyme found in mammals that can catalyze the deamination of adenosine into inosine and ammonia
  • Adipic acid -  a carboxylic acid used in the manufacture of nylon
  • Adobo -  a dish of marinated vegetables and meat or fish; served with rice
  • Adulterant -  making impure or corrupt by adding extraneous materials;  any substance that adulterates (lessens the purity or effectiveness of a substance)
  • AG -  a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography
  • Agar -  a colloidal extract of algae; used especially in culture media and as a gelling agent in foods; any culture medium that uses agar as the gelling agent
  • agriculture -  the class of people engaged in growing food; the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock; a large-scale farming enterprise; the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy); created in 1862
  • Aioli -  garlic mayonnaise
  • Alexander -  king of Macedon; conqueror of Greece and Egypt and Persia; founder of Alexandria (356-323 BC); European herb somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in Britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb
  • Alginic acid -  a gum used especially as a thickener or emulsifier
  • Allium sativum -  bulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong-flavored cloves
  • Allspice -  ground dried berrylike fruit of a West Indian allspice tree; suggesting combined flavors of cinnamon and nutmeg and cloves; deciduous shrubs having aromatic bark; eastern China; southwestern and eastern United States; aromatic West Indian tree that produces allspice berries
  • Almond -  oval-shaped edible seed of the almond tree; small bushy deciduous tree native to Asia and North Africa having pretty pink blossoms and highly prized edible nuts enclosed in a hard green hull; cultivated in southern Australia and California
  • Alpinia officinarum -  Chinese perennial with pyramidal racemes of white flowers and pungent aromatic roots used medicinally and as flavoring
  • Alum -  a double sulphate of aluminum and potassium that is used as an astringent (among other things); a white crystalline double sulfate of aluminum: the potassium double sulfate of aluminum; a white crystalline double sulfate of aluminum: the ammonium double sulfate of aluminum; a person who has received a degree from a school (high school or college or university)
  • Aluminium -  a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • Amaranth -  any of various plants of the genus Amaranthus having dense plumes of green or red flowers; often cultivated for food; seed of amaranth plants used as a native cereal in Central and South America
  • Amaranth -  any of various plants of the genus Amaranthus having dense plumes of green or red flowers; often cultivated for food; seed of amaranth plants used as a native cereal in Central and South America
  • Ambrosia -  (classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal; fruit dessert made of oranges and bananas with shredded coconut; any of numerous chiefly North American weedy plants constituting the genus Ambrosia that produce highly allergenic pollen responsible for much hay fever and asthma; a mixture of nectar and pollen prepared by worker bees and fed to larvae
  • American ginseng -  North American woodland herb similar to and used as substitute for the Chinese ginseng
  • Ammonium alum -  a white crystalline double sulfate of aluminum: the ammonium double sulfate of aluminum
  • Amora -  one of a group of rabbis (active AD 250-500) who discussed the Mishnaic law in the law schools of Palestine and Mesopotamia where they explained and applied earlier teachings and whose discussions are recorded in the Talmud; they emphasized the study of Torah and the importance of personal action and the fulfillment of the commandments
  • Amylase -  any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar
  • Anchovy paste -  paste made primarily of anchovies; used in sauces and spreads
  • Anise -  liquorice-flavored seeds or oil used in cookies or cakes or pickles; native to Egypt but cultivated widely for its aromatic seeds and the oil from them used medicinally and as a flavoring in cookery
  • Anthriscus sylvestris -  coarse erect biennial Old World herb introduced as a weed in eastern North America
  • appetizer -  food or drink to stimulate the appetite (usually served before a meal or as the first course)
  • Apple pie -  pie (with a top crust) containing sliced apples and sugar
  • Apple sauce -  puree of stewed apples usually sweetened and spiced
  • Argon -  a colorless and odorless inert gas; one of the six inert gases; comprises approximately 1% of the earth's atmosphere
  • Army -  a large number of people united for some specific purpose; a permanent organization of the military land forces of a nation or state; the army of the United States of America; the agency that organizes and trains soldiers for land warfare
  • Arrowroot -  white-flowered West Indian plant whose root yields arrowroot starch; a nutritive starch obtained from the root of the arrowroot plant; canna grown especially for its edible rootstock from which arrowroot starch is obtained
  • Artemisia vulgaris -  European tufted aromatic perennial herb having hairy red or purple stems and dark green leaves downy white below and red-brown florets
  • as -  to the same degree (often followed by `as');  a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa; a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
  • Asafoetida -  the brownish gum resin of various plants; has strong taste and odor; formerly used as an antispasmodic
  • Ash cake -  corn bread wrapped in cabbage leaves and baked in hot ashes (southern)
  • Aspartame -  an artificial sweetener made from aspartic acid; used as a calorie-free sweetener
  • Aspic -  savory jelly based on fish or meat stock used as a mold for meats or vegetables
  • Atole -  eaten as mush or as a thin gruel
  • Attar -  essential oil or perfume obtained from flowers
  • Au jus -  served in its natural juices or gravy
  • Australia -  a nation occupying the whole of the Australian continent; aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years ago; first Europeans were British convicts sent there as a penal colony; the smallest continent; between the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean
  • Avena sativa -  widely cultivated in temperate regions for its edible grains
  • Azadirachta indica -  large semi-evergreen tree of the East Indies; trunk exudes a tenacious gum; bitter bark used as a tonic; seeds yield an aromatic oil; sometimes placed in genus Melia
  • Babassu oil -  fatty oil from kernels of babassu nuts similar to coconut oil
  • Bacon -  back and sides of a hog salted and dried or smoked; usually sliced thin and fried; English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626); English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)
  • Bagasse -  the dry dusty pulp that remains after juice is extracted from sugar cane or similar plants
  • Bagel -  (Yiddish) glazed yeast-raised doughnut-shaped roll with hard crust
  • Baked Alaska -  cake covered with ice cream and meringue browned quickly in an oven
  • Baked potato -  potato that has been cooked by baking it in an oven
  • baking -  as hot as if in an oven;  cooking by dry heat in an oven; making bread or cake or pastry etc.
  • Baking powder -  any of various powdered mixtures used in baking as a substitute for yeast
  • Baklava -  rich Middle Eastern cake made of thin layers of flaky pastry filled with nuts and honey
  • Balsam -  an ointment containing a fragrant resin; any seed plant yielding balsam; any of various fragrant oleoresins used in medicines and perfumes
  • Balsam of Peru -  dark brown syrupy balsam from the Peruvian balsam tree used especially in dressing wounds and treating certain skin diseases
  • Banana split -  a banana split lengthwise and topped with scoops of ice cream and sauces and nuts and whipped cream
  • Bap -  a small loaf or roll of soft bread
  • Barbecue -  a rack to hold meat for cooking over hot charcoal usually out of doors; a cookout in which food is cooked over an open fire; especially a whole animal carcass roasted on a spit; meat that has been barbecued or grilled in a highly seasoned sauce; verb cook outdoors on a barbecue grill
  • Barbecue sauce -  spicy sweet and sour sauce usually based on catsup or chili sauce
  • barley -  a grain of barley; cultivated since prehistoric times; grown for forage and grain
  • Barley-sugar -  a brittle transparent candy made by melting and cooling cane sugar
  • Barm -  a commercial leavening agent containing yeast cells; used to raise the dough in making bread and for fermenting beer or whiskey
  • Basil -  leaves of the common basil; used fresh or dried; (Roman Catholic Church) the bishop of Caesarea who defended the Roman Catholic Church against the heresies of the 4th century; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-379); any of several Old World tropical aromatic annual or perennial herbs of the genus Ocimum
  • Batter -  a flour mixture thin enough to pour or drop from a spoon; (baseball) a ballplayer who is batting; verb make a dent or impression in; strike violently and repeatedly; strike against forcefully
  • Bay leaf -  dried leaf of the bay laurel
  • Beanfeast -  an annual dinner party given by an employer for the employees
  • Beef Stroganoff -  sauteed strips of beef and mushrooms in sour cream sauce served with noodles
  • Beef Wellington -  rare-roasted beef tenderloin coated with mushroom paste in puff pastry
  • Beefsteak -  a slice of beef usually cooked by broiling
  • Beeswax -  a yellow to brown wax secreted by honeybees to build honeycombs; verb cover with beeswax
  • Beignet -  a square, very rich drop friedcake dusted with confectioners' sugar
  • Benedictine -  of or relating to the Benedictines; of or relating to Saint Benedict or his works;  a French liqueur originally made by Benedictine monks; a monk or nun belonging to the order founded by Saint Benedict
  • Benzoic acid -  a white crystalline solid occurring in many resins
  • Benzoin -  used in some classifications for the American spicebush and certain other plants often included in the genus Lindera; gum resin used especially in treating skin irritation
  • Berberis vulgaris -  upright deciduous European shrub widely naturalized in United States having clusters of juicy berries
  • Berlin -  a limousine with a glass partition between the front and back seats; capital of Germany located in eastern Germany; United States songwriter (born in Russia) who wrote more than 1500 songs and several musical comedies (1888-1989)
  • Beurre noisette -  clarified butter browned slowly and seasoned with vinegar or lemon juice and capers
  • beverage -  any liquid suitable for drinking
  • Bhang -  a preparation of the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant; much used in India
  • Bhutan -  a landlocked principality in the Himalayas northeast of India
  • Biff -  (boxing) a blow with the fist; verb strike, usually with the fist
  • Bigos -  a Polish stew of cabbage and meat
  • Biryani -  an Indian dish made with highly seasoned rice and meat or fish or vegetables
  • biscuit -  small round bread leavened with baking-powder or soda; any of various small flat sweet cakes (`biscuit' is the British term)
  • Bisque -  a thick cream soup made from shellfish
  • Black -  marked by anger or resentment or hostility; of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin; extremely dark; being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light; (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood; soiled with dirt or soot; dressed in black; (of coffee) without cream or sugar; (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin; stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable; (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame; offering little or no hope; (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading; harshly ironic or sinister; distributed or sold illicitly;  black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning); (board games) the darker pieces; the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white); a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa); popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928); British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799); total absence of light; verb make or become black
  • Black pepper -  pepper that is ground from whole peppercorns with husks on; climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripe; southern India and Sri Lanka; naturalized in northern Burma and Assam
  • Black pudding -  a black sausage containing pig's blood and other ingredients
  • Blue cheese dressing -  vinaigrette containing crumbled Roquefort or blue cheese; creamy dressing containing crumbled blue cheese
  • Boeuf -  meat from an adult domestic bovine
  • Boiled egg -  egg cooked briefly in the shell in gently boiling water
  • Bolo -  long heavy knife with a single edge; of Philippine origin; a cord fastened around the neck with an ornamental clasp and worn as a necktie
  • Bonbon -  a candy that usually has a center of fondant or fruit or nuts coated in chocolate
  • Borage -  leaves flavor sauces and punches; young leaves eaten in salads or cooked; hairy blue-flowered European annual herb long used in herbal medicine and eaten raw as salad greens or cooked like spinach
  • Borate -  a salt or ester of boric acid
  • Borax -  an ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent
  • Borges -  Argentinian writer remembered for his short stories (1899-1986)
  • Boric acid -  any of various acids containing boron and oxygen; a white or colorless slightly acid solid that is soluble in water and ethanol; used in the manufacture of glass and paper and adhesives and in detergents and as a flux in welding; also used as an antiseptic and food preservative
  • Borscht -  a Russian soup usually containing beet juice as a foundation
  • Bovril -  an extract of beef (given to people who are ill)
  • Bowman -  a person who is expert in the use of a bow and arrow
  • Br -  a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that arose out of a student protest movement in the late 1960s; wants to separate Italy from NATO and advocates violence in the service of class warfare and revolution; mostly inactive since 1989; a nonmetallic largely pentavalent heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens; found in sea water
  • Braising -  cooking slowly in fat in a closed pot with little moisture
  • Bran -  food prepared from the husks of cereal grains; broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
  • brand -  a recognizable kind; identification mark on skin, made by burning; a piece of wood that has been burned or is burning; a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and a hilt with a hand guard; a symbol of disgrace or infamy; a name given to a product or service; verb burn with a branding iron to indicate ownership; of animals; mark or expose as infamous; to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful
  • Brassica nigra -  widespread Eurasian annual plant cultivated for its pungent seeds; a principal source of table mustard
  • Brazil -  the largest Latin American country and the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world; located in the central and northeastern part of South America; world's leading coffee exporter; three-sided tropical American nut with white oily meat and hard brown shell
  • Bread -  food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked; informal terms for money; verb cover with bread crumbs
  • Bread sauce -  creamy white sauce made with bread instead of flour and seasoned with cloves and onion
  • Brest -  a port city in northwestern France (in Brittany); the chief naval station of France
  • Brisket -  a cut of meat from the breast or lower chest especially of beef
  • Broth -  a thin soup of meat or fish or vegetable stock; liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces
  • Brown -  (of skin) deeply suntanned; of a color similar to that of wood or earth;  an orange of low brightness and saturation; abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858); Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773-1858); a university in Rhode Island; verb fry in a pan until it changes color
  • Brown Betty -  baked pudding of apples and breadcrumbs
  • Brown bread -  dark steamed bread made of cornmeal wheat and flour with molasses and soda and milk or water; bread made with whole wheat flour
  • Brown rice -  unpolished rice retaining the yellowish-brown outer layer
  • Brown sauce -  bouillon or beef stock thickened with butter and flour roux and variously seasoned with herbs or Worcestershire etc.; a sauce based on soy sauce
  • Brown sauce -  bouillon or beef stock thickened with butter and flour roux and variously seasoned with herbs or Worcestershire etc.; a sauce based on soy sauce
  • Brucine -  a bitter alkaloid poison resembling strychnine and extracted from nux vomica
  • Brunswick stew -  spicy southern specialty: chicken (or small game) with corn and tomatoes and lima beans and okra and onions and potatoes
  • Bulgur -  parched crushed wheat
  • burger -  United States jurist appointed chief justice of the United States Supreme Court by Richard Nixon (1907-1995); a sandwich consisting of a fried cake of minced beef served on a bun, often with other ingredients
  • Burgoo -  thick spicy stew of whatever meat and whatever vegetables are available; southern United States; a gathering at which burgoo stew is served; porridge made of rolled oats
  • Burrito -  a flour tortilla folded around a filling
  • businessman -  a person engaged in commercial or industrial business (especially an owner or executive)
  • Butane -  occurs in natural gas; used in the manufacture of rubber and fuels
  • Butter -  an edible emulsion of fat globules made by churning milk or cream; for cooking and table use; a fighter who strikes the opponent with his head; verb spread butter on
  • Butter churn -  a vessel in which cream is agitated to separate butterfat from buttermilk
  • Butter knife -  a small knife with a dull blade; for cutting or spreading butter
  • Butterfat -  the fatty substance of milk from which butter is made
  • Buttermilk -  residue from making butter from sour raw milk; or pasteurized milk curdled by adding a culture
  • Butterscotch -  a hard brittle candy made with butter and brown sugar
  • Buttery -  resembling or containing or spread with butter; unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating in manner or speech;  a teashop where students in British universities can purchase light meals; a small storeroom for storing foods or wines
  • Butyl rubber -  synthetic rubber made by polymerizing isobutylene
  • Butyric acid -  an unpleasant smelling fatty acid found especially in butter
  • Ca -  a state in the western United States on the Pacific; the 3rd largest state; known for earthquakes; a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • Caesar salad -  typically having fried croutons and dressing made with a raw egg
  • Caff -  informal British term for a cafe
  • Caffeine -  a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • cake -  a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); made from or based on a mixture of flour and sugar and eggs; small flat mass of chopped food; verb form a coat over
  • Calcium -  a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • Calcium carbonate -  a salt found in nature as chalk or calcite or aragonite or limestone
  • Calcium chloride -  a deliquescent salt; used in de-icing and as a drying agent
  • Calcium lactate -  a white crystalline salt made by the action of lactic acid on calcium carbonate; used in foods (as a baking powder) and given medically as a source of calcium
  • Calcium oxide -  a white crystalline oxide used in the production of calcium hydroxide
  • Calcium stearate -  an insoluble calcium salt of stearic acid and palmitic acid; it is formed when soap is mixed with water that contains calcium ions and is the scum produced in regions of hard water
  • Campbell -  United States mythologist (1904-1987)
  • Camphor -  a resin obtained from the camphor tree; used in making celluloid and liniment
  • Cananga odorata -  evergreen Asian tree with aromatic greenish-yellow flowers yielding a volatile oil; widely grown in the tropics as an ornamental
  • Canary grass -  Canary Islands grass; seeds used as feed for caged birds
  • Candelilla wax -  a hard brown wax that occurs as a coating on candelilla shrubs
  • Candy -  a rich sweet made of flavored sugar and often combined with fruit or nuts; verb coat with something sweet, such as a hard sugar glaze
  • Candy apple -  an apple that is covered with a candy-like substance (usually caramelized sugar)
  • Candy cane -  a hard candy in the shape of a rod (usually with stripes)
  • Candy corn -  a small yellow and white candy shaped to resemble a kernel of corn
  • Canella -  highly aromatic inner bark of the Canella winterana used as a condiment and a tonic
  • Cannabis -  the most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect; any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • Caper -  a playful leap or hop; a crime (especially a robbery); pickled flower buds used as a pungent relish in various dishes and sauces; any of numerous plants of the genus Capparis; a ludicrous or grotesque act done for fun and amusement; gay or light-hearted recreational activity for diversion or amusement; verb jump about playfully
  • Capsicum -  any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers; chiefly tropical perennial shrubby plants having many-seeded fruits: sweet and hot peppers
  • Caramel -  having the color of caramel; of a moderate yellow-brown;  burnt sugar; used to color and flavor food; firm chewy candy made from caramelized sugar and butter and milk; a medium to dark tan color
  • Caramel apple -  an apple that is covered with a candy-like substance (usually caramelized sugar)
  • Caraway -  leaves used sparingly in soups and stews; a Eurasian plant with small white flowers yielding caraway seed
  • Carbon black -  a black colloidal substance consisting wholly or principally of amorphous carbon and used to make pigments and ink
  • Carbon dioxide -  a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances; absorbed from the air by plants in photosynthesis
  • Carbonara -  sauce for pasta; contains eggs and bacon or ham and grated cheese
  • Cardamom -  aromatic seeds used as seasoning like cinnamon and cloves especially in pickles and barbecue sauces; rhizomatous herb of India having aromatic seeds used as seasoning
  • Carmine -  of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies;  a variable color averaging a vivid red; verb color carmine
  • Carnation -  pink or pinkish;  a pink or reddish-pink color; Eurasian plant with pink to purple-red spice-scented usually double flowers; widely cultivated in many varieties and many colors
  • Carnauba wax -  hard yellowish to brownish wax from leaves of the carnauba palm used especially in floor waxes and polishes
  • Carotene -  yellow or orange-red fat-soluble pigments in plants; an orange isomer of an unsaturated hydrocarbon found in many plants; is converted into vitamin A in the liver
  • Carrageenan -  a colloidal extract from carrageen seaweed and other red algae
  • Cashew -  kidney-shaped nut edible only when roasted; tropical American evergreen tree bearing kidney-shaped nuts that are edible only when roasted
  • Cassareep -  flavoring made by boiling down the juice of the bitter cassava; used in West Indian cooking
  • caste -  a social class separated from others by distinctions of hereditary rank or profession or wealth; (Hinduism) a hereditary social class among Hindus; stratified according to ritual purity; social status or position conferred by a system based on class
  • Castile soap -  a good hard soap made from olive oil and sodium hydroxide
  • Catechu -  East Indian spiny tree having twice-pinnate leaves and yellow flowers followed by flat pods; source of black catechu; extract of the heartwood of Acacia catechu used for dying and tanning and preserving fishnets and sails; formerly used medicinally
  • Caviar -  salted roe of sturgeon or other large fish; usually served as an hors d'oeuvre
  • Cayenne pepper -  a long and often twisted hot red pepper; ground pods and seeds of pungent red peppers of the genus Capsicum; plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
  • Celery -  stalks eaten raw or cooked or used as seasoning; widely cultivated herb with aromatic leaf stalks that are eaten raw or cooked
  • Cellulose -  a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers
  • CEO -  the corporate executive responsible for the operations of the firm; reports to a board of directors; may appoint other managers (including a president)
  • Cereal -  made of grain or relating to grain or the plants that produce it;  a breakfast food prepared from grain; grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat; rice; rye; oats; maize; buckwheat; millet; foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses
  • Chamomile -  Eurasian plant apple-scented foliage and white-rayed flowers and feathery leaves used medicinally; in some classification systems placed in genus Anthemis
  • Champ -  someone who has won first place in a competition; verb chafe at the bit, like horses; chew noisily
  • Champ -  someone who has won first place in a competition; verb chafe at the bit, like horses; chew noisily
  • Chang -  the longest river of Asia; flows eastward from Tibet into the East China Sea near Shanghai
  • Charcoal -  of a very dark grey;  a stick of black carbon material used for drawing; a drawing made with a stick of black carbon material; a very dark grey color; a carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other organic matter in the absence of air; verb draw, trace, or represent with charcoal
  • Charlotte -  a mold lined with cake or crumbs and filled with fruit or whipped cream or custard; the largest city in North Carolina; located in south central North Carolina
  • Chartreuse -  of something having the yellowish green color of Chartreuse liqueur;  aromatic green or yellow liqueur flavored with orange peel and hyssop and peppermint; made at monastery near Grenoble, France; a shade of green tinged with yellow
  • Chateaubriand -  a very thick center cut of beef tenderloin; French statesman and writer; considered a precursor of the romantic movement in France (1768-1848)
  • Cheese -  a solid food prepared from the pressed curd of milk; erect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States; verb wind onto a cheese; used in the imperative (get away, or stop it)
  • Cheese spread -  spread made of cheese mixed with butter or cream or cream cheese and seasonings
  • Cheesecake -  a photograph of an attractive woman in minimal attire; made with sweetened cream cheese and eggs and cream baked in a crumb crust
  • Chervil -  fresh ferny parsley-like leaves used as a garnish with chicken and veal and omelets and green salads and spinach; aromatic annual Old World herb cultivated for its finely divided and often curly leaves for use especially in soups and salads
  • Chicha -  an oriental tobacco pipe with a long flexible tube connected to a container where the smoke is cooled by passing through water
  • Chicken Kiev -  pounded chicken cutlets rolled around butter (that has been seasoned with herbs) and then covered with crumbs and fried
  • Chicken salad -  salad composed primarily of chopped chicken meat
  • Chicory -  crisp spiky leaves with somewhat bitter taste; root of the chicory plant roasted and ground to substitute for or adulterate coffee; perennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads; the dried root of the chicory plant: used as a coffee substitute
  • Chili dog -  a hotdog with chili con carne on it
  • Chili pepper -  very hot and finely tapering pepper of special pungency; plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
  • Chili powder -  powder made of ground chili peppers mixed with e.g. cumin and garlic and oregano
  • Chives -  cylindrical leaves used fresh as a mild onion-flavored seasoning; perennial having hollow cylindrical leaves used for seasoning
  • chloride -  any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion); any compound containing a chlorine atom
  • Chlorophyll -  any of a group of green pigments found in photosynthetic organisms; there are four naturally occurring forms
  • Chocolate -  a medium brown to dark-brown color; a food made from roasted ground cacao beans; a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • Chocolate liquor -  the liquid or paste that is produced when cocoa beans are roasted and ground; the basis of all chocolate
  • Chocolate syrup -  sauce made with unsweetened chocolate or cocoa and sugar and water
  • Cholera -  an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  • Chondrin -  a substance that resembles gelatin and is obtained by boiling cartilage in water
  • Chondrus crispus -  dark purple edible seaweed of the Atlantic coasts of Europe and North America
  • Chow chow -  breed of medium-sized dogs with a thick coat and fluffy curled tails and distinctive blue-black tongues; believed to have originated in northern China
  • Chow mein -  chop suey served with fried noodles
  • Chrism -  a consecrated ointment consisting of a mixture of oil and balsam
  • Chunky -  like or containing small sticky lumps; short and thick; as e.g. having short legs and heavy musculature
  • Churchill -  a Canadian town in northern Manitoba on Hudson Bay; important port for shipping grain; British statesman and leader during World War II; received Nobel prize for literature in 1953 (1874-1965); English general considered one of the greatest generals in history (1650-1722)
  • Churning -  (of a liquid) agitated vigorously; in a state of turbulence; moving with or producing or produced by vigorous agitation
  • Chutney -  chopped fruits or green tomatoes cooked in vinegar and sugar with ginger and spices
  • Cinnamomum camphora -  large evergreen tree of warm regions whose aromatic wood yields camphor
  • Cinnamomum cassia -  Chinese tree with aromatic bark; yields a less desirable cinnamon than Ceylon cinnamon
  • Cinnamon -  spice from the dried aromatic bark of the Ceylon cinnamon tree; used as rolled strips or ground; tropical Asian tree with aromatic yellowish-brown bark; source of the spice cinnamon; aromatic bark used as a spice
  • Cinnamon roll -  rolled dough spread with cinnamon and sugar (and raisins) then sliced before baking
  • Cis -  an alliance made up of states that had been Soviet Socialist Republics in the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in Dec 1991
  • Citric acid -  a weak water-soluble acid found in many fruits (especially citrus fruits); used as a flavoring agent
  • Citron -  large lemonlike fruit with thick aromatic rind; usually preserved; thorny evergreen small tree or shrub of India widely cultivated for its large lemonlike fruits that have thick warty rind
  • Civet -  catlike mammal typically secreting musk used in perfumes
  • Clam dip -  a dip made of clams and soft cream cheese
  • Clarified butter -  butter made clear by heating and removing the sediment of milk solids
  • Claviceps purpurea -  a fungus that infects various cereal plants forming compact black masses of branching filaments that replace many grains of the plant; source of medicinally important alkaloids and of lysergic acid
  • Clove -  spice from dried unopened flower bud of the clove tree; used whole or ground; one of the small bulblets that can be split off of the axis of a larger garlic bulb; moderate sized very symmetrical red-flowered evergreen widely cultivated in the tropics for its flower buds which are source of cloves; aromatic flower bud of a clove tree; yields a spice
  • Clover -  a plant of the genus Trifolium
  • Co -  a state in west central United States in the Rocky Mountains; one who refuses to serve in the armed forces on grounds of conscience; a hard ferromagnetic silver-white bivalent or trivalent metallic element; a trace element in plant and animal nutrition; an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon
  • Cobbler -  tall sweetened iced drink of wine or liquor with fruit; a person who makes or repairs shoes; made of fruit with rich biscuit dough usually only on top of the fruit
  • Cochineal -  a red dyestuff consisting of dried bodies of female cochineal insects; Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacti; the source of a red dye
  • cocktail -  an appetizer served as a first course at a meal; a short mixed drink
  • Cocoa butter -  the vegetable fat from the cacao that is extracted from chocolate liquor; the basis for white chocolate; a yellow-white fat from cocoa beans
  • Coconut -  large hard-shelled oval nut with a fibrous husk containing thick white meat surrounding a central cavity filled (when fresh) with fluid or milk; the edible white meat a coconut; often shredded for use in e.g. cakes and curries; tall palm tree bearing coconuts as fruits; widely planted throughout the tropics
  • Coconut milk -  clear to whitish fluid from within a fresh coconut; white liquid obtained from compressing fresh coconut meat
  • Cod liver oil -  an oil obtained from the livers of cod and similar fishes; taken orally as a source of vitamins A and D
  • Coddle - verb cook in nearly boiling water; treat with excessive indulgence
  • Coddled egg -  egg cooked briefly in the shell in gently boiling water
  • Cohune oil -  semisolid fat from nuts of the cohune palm; used in cooking and soap making
  • Coleus amboinicus -  an aromatic fleshy herb of India and Ceylon to South Africa; sometimes placed in genus Plectranthus
  • Collagen -  a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatin on boiling
  • color -  having or capable of producing colors;  the appearance of objects (or light sources) described in terms of a person's perception of their hue and lightness (or brightness) and saturation; a visual attribute of things that results from the light they emit or transmit or reflect; the timbre of a musical sound; interest and variety and intensity; (physics) the characteristic of quarks that determines their role in the strong interaction; each flavor of quarks comes in three colors; a race with skin pigmentation different from the white race (especially Blacks); an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading; any material used for its color; verb add color to; gloss or excuse; decorate with colors; modify or bias; change color, often in an undesired manner; affect as in thought or feeling
  • Colza oil -  edible light yellow to brown oil from rapeseed used also as a lubricant or illuminant
  • Common wheat -  widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties for its commercially important grain
  • company -  an institution created to conduct business; a unit of firefighters including their equipment; a social gathering of guests or companions; organization of performers and associated personnel (especially theatrical); small military unit; usually two or three platoons; the state of being with someone; crew of a ship including the officers; the whole force or personnel of a ship; a band of people associated temporarily in some activity; a social or business visitor; verb be a companion to somebody
  • Compote -  dessert of stewed or baked fruit
  • Compote -  dessert of stewed or baked fruit
  • Condiment -  a preparation (a sauce or relish or spice) to enhance flavor or enjoyment
  • confection -  the act of creating something (a medicine or drink or soup etc.) by compounding or mixing a variety of components; a food rich in sugar; verb make into a confection
  • Confectionery -  the occupation and skills of a confectioner; a confectioner's shop; candy and other sweets considered collectively
  • Confit -  a piece of meat (especially a duck) cooked slowly in its own fat
  • Congee -  a Chinese rice gruel eaten for breakfast; verb perform a ceremonious bow; depart after obtaining formal permission
  • Congener -  an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus)
  • convenience food -  any packaged dish or food that can be prepared quickly and easily as by thawing or heating
  • cookbook -  a book of recipes and cooking directions
  • cookie -  a short line of text that a web site puts on your computer's hard drive when you access the web site; any of various small flat sweet cakes (`biscuit' is the British term); the cook on a ranch or at a camp
  • cooking -  the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
  • cooking oil -  any of numerous vegetable oils used in cooking
  • Copaiba -  an oleoresin used in varnishes and ointments
  • Copra -  the dried meat of the coconut from which oil is extracted
  • Coptis -  small genus of low perennial herbs having yellow rhizomes and white or yellow flowers
  • Coq au vin -  chicken and onions and mushrooms braised in red wine and seasonings
  • Cordon bleu -  a chef famous for his great skill; an honor or award gained for excellence
  • Coriander -  parsley-like herb used as seasoning or garnish; dried coriander seeds used whole or ground; Old World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley
  • Corn Belt -  midwestern United States (Iowa, Illinois, Indiana); excellent for raising corn and corn-fed livestock
  • Corn oil -  oil from the germs of corn grains
  • Corn smut -  a smut fungus attacking Indian corn
  • Corn whiskey -  whiskey distilled from a mash of not less than 80 percent corn
  • Cornbread -  bread made primarily of cornmeal
  • Corncob -  the hard cylindrical core that bears the kernels of an ear of corn
  • cough drop -  a medicated lozenge used to soothe the throat
  • Couscous -  a pasta made in northern Africa of crushed and steamed semolina; a spicy dish that originated in northern Africa; consists of pasta steamed with a meat and vegetable stew
  • Covered smut -  a smut fungus causing a smut disease of grains in which the spore masses are covered or held together by the grain membranes
  • Cr -  a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • Cracker -  a party favor consisting of a paper roll (usually containing candy or a small favor) that pops when pulled at both ends; a thin crisp wafer made of flour and water with or without leavening and shortening; unsweetened or semisweet; a programmer who `cracks' (gains unauthorized access to) computers, typically to do malicious things; firework consisting of a small explosive charge and fuse in a heavy paper casing; a poor white person in the southern United States
  • Cracklings -  the crisp residue left after lard has been rendered
  • Cream -  toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin; the part of milk containing the butterfat; the best people or things in a group; verb add cream to one's coffee, for example; put on cream, as on one's face or body; beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight; make creamy by beating; remove from the surface
  • Creamery -  a workplace where dairy products (butter and cheese etc.) are produced or sold
  • Crimson -  characterized by violence or bloodshed; (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion; of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies;  a deep and vivid red color; verb turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame
  • Crisp -  brief and to the point; effectively cut short; (of something seen or heard) clearly defined; of hair in small tight curls; pleasingly firm and fresh and making a crunching noise when chewed; pleasantly cold and invigorating; tender and brittle;  a thin crisp slice of potato fried in deep fat; verb make brown and crisp by heating; make wrinkles or creases into a smooth surface
  • Crocus sativus -  Old World crocus having purple or white flowers with aromatic pungent orange stigmas used in flavoring food
  • Croissant -  very rich flaky crescent-shaped roll
  • Croquette -  minced cooked meats (or vegetables) in thick white sauce; breaded and deep-fried
  • Crosse -  a long racket with a triangular frame; used in playing lacrosse
  • Croton oil -  viscid acrid brownish-yellow oil from the seeds of Croton tiglium having a violent cathartic action
  • Crouton -  a small piece of toasted or fried bread; served in soup or salads
  • Cruet-stand -  a stand for cruets containing various condiments
  • Crumble - verb break or fall apart into fragments; fall apart; fall into decay or ruin
  • Crust -  the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties; the outer layer of the Earth; a hard outer layer that covers something; verb form a crust or form into a crust
  • cu -  a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor
  • Cuban sandwich -  a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States
  • cuisine -  the practice or manner of preparing food or the food so prepared
  • Cumin -  aromatic seeds of the cumin herb of the carrot family; dwarf Mediterranean annual long cultivated for its aromatic seeds
  • Curd -  coagulated milk; used to made cheese; a coagulated liquid resembling milk curd
  • Curry powder -  pungent blend of cumin and ground coriander seed and turmeric and other spices
  • Custard -  sweetened mixture of milk and eggs baked or boiled or frozen
  • Custard pie -  a prop consisting of an open pie filled with real or artificial custard; thrown in slapstick comedies
  • Cyclopia -  a developmental abnormality in which there is only one eye
  • Cysteine -  an amino acid containing sulfur that is found in most proteins; oxidizes on exposure to air to form cystine
  • Daiquiri -  a cocktail made with rum and lime or lemon juice
  • Dal -  a metric unit of volume or capacity equal to 10 liters
  • Damper -  a depressing restraint; a device that decreases the amplitude of electronic, mechanical, acoustical, or aerodynamic oscillations; a movable iron plate that regulates the draft in a stove or chimney or furnace
  • Danish pastry -  light sweet yeast-raised roll usually filled with fruits or cheese
  • Dash -  a quick run; the act of moving with great haste; distinctive and stylish elegance; the longer of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code; a footrace run at top speed; a punctuation mark (-) used between parts of a compound word or between the syllables of a word when the word is divided at the end of a line of text; verb add an enlivening or altering element to; destroy or break; break into pieces, as by striking or knocking over; hurl or thrust violently; cause to lose courage; run or move very quickly or hastily
  • deity -  any supernatural being worshipped as controlling some part of the world or some aspect of life or who is the personification of a force
  • Demulcent -  having a softening or soothing effect especially to the skin;  a medication (in the form of an oil or salve etc.) that soothes inflamed or injured skin
  • Denatured alcohol -  ethyl alcohol that is unfit for drinking but is still useful for other purposes
  • Dent corn -  corn whose kernels contain both hard and soft starch and become indented at maturity
  • dessert -  a dish served as the last course of a meal
  • Deviled egg -  halved hard-cooked egg with the yolk mashed with mayonnaise and seasonings and returned to the white
  • Dextrin -  any of various polysaccharides obtained by hydrolysis of starch; a tasteless and odorless gummy substance that is used as a thickening agent and in adhesives and in dietary supplements
  • Dill -  aromatic threadlike foliage of the dill plant used as seasoning; aromatic Old World herb having aromatic threadlike foliage and seeds used as seasoning
  • Dip -  a gymnastic exercise on the parallel bars in which the body is lowered and raised by bending and straightening the arms; a brief swim in water; a candle that is made by repeated dipping in a pool of wax or tallow; a brief immersion; tasty mixture or liquid into which bite-sized foods are dipped; (physics) the angle that a magnetic needle makes with the plane of the horizon; a depression in an otherwise level surface; a sudden sharp decrease in some quantity; a thief who steals from the pockets or purses of others in public places; verb stain an object by immersing it in a liquid; go down momentarily; scoop up by plunging one's hand or a ladle below the surface; immerse in a disinfectant solution; place (candle wicks) into hot, liquid wax; dip into a liquid; slope downwards; appear to move downward; lower briefly; dip into a liquid while eating; immerse briefly into a liquid so as to wet, coat, or saturate; switch (a car's headlights) from a higher to a lower beam
  • Dippel's oil -  dark-colored ill-smelling oil obtained by carbonizing bone; used especially in sheep dips and in denaturing alcohol
  • Dipteryx odorata -  tall tropical South American tree having pulpy egg-shaped pods of fragrant black almond-shaped seeds used for flavoring
  • disease -  an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • dish -  a piece of dishware normally used as a container for holding or serving food; directional antenna consisting of a parabolic reflector for microwave or radio frequency radiation; a particular item of prepared food; the quantity that a dish will hold; an activity that you like or at which you are superior; a very attractive or seductive looking woman; verb make concave; shape like a dish; provide (usually but not necessarily food)
  • Doubles -  tennis played with two players on each side; badminton played with two players on each side
  • Dough -  a flour mixture stiff enough to knead or roll; informal terms for money
  • doughnut -  a small ring-shaped friedcake; a toroidal shape
  • Drambuie -  a sweet Scotch whisky liqueur
  • Drawn butter -  butter made clear by heating and removing the sediment of milk solids
  • Drimys winteri -  South American evergreen tree yielding winter's bark and a light soft wood similar to basswood
  • drink -  the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess; a single serving of a beverage; any large deep body of water; the act of swallowing; any liquid suitable for drinking; verb take in liquids; consume alcohol; drink excessive amounts of alcohol; be an alcoholic; be fascinated or spell-bound by; pay close attention to; propose a toast to
  • Dripping -  having liquid falling in drops; wet with secreted or exuded moisture such as sweat or tears;  extremely wet;  a liquid (as water) that flows in drops (as from the eaves of house); the sound of a liquid falling drop by drop
  • drug -  a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic; verb administer a drug to; use recreational drugs
  • Duck sauce -  a thick sweet and pungent Chinese condiment
  • Duff -  a stiff flour pudding steamed or boiled usually and containing e.g. currants and raisins and citron
  • Durum -  wheat with hard dark-colored kernels high in gluten and used for bread and pasta; grown especially in southern Russia, North Africa, and northern central North America
  • dye -  a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair; verb color with dye
  • Dyer -  someone whose job is to dye cloth
  • Eccles cake -  a flat round cake of sweetened pastry filled with dried fruit
  • Echinochloa -  annual or perennial succulent grasses of warm regions
  • Echinochloa frumentacea -  coarse annual grass cultivated in Japan and southeastern Asia for its edible seeds and for forage; important wildlife food in United States
  • Eclipse -  one celestial body obscures another; verb cause an eclipse of (a celestial body) by intervention; cause an eclipse of; of celestial bodies; exceed in importance; outweigh
  • EEC -  an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
  • Egg cream -  made of milk and flavored syrup with soda water
  • Eggnog -  a punch made of sweetened milk or cream mixed with eggs and usually alcoholic liquor
  • Eggs Benedict -  toasted English muffin topped with ham and a poached egg (or an oyster) and hollandaise sauce
  • Eleusine coracana -  East Indian cereal grass whose seed yield a somewhat bitter flour, a staple in the Orient
  • Emmenagogue -  any agent that promotes menstrual discharge
  • Emmer -  hard red wheat grown especially in Russia and Germany; in United States as stock feed
  • en -  half the width of an em
  • en -  half the width of an em
  • Enchilada -  tortilla with meat filling baked in tomato sauce seasoned with chili
  • ene -  the compass point midway between northeast and east
  • Equal -  well matched; having the same quantity, value, or measure as another; equal in amount or value;  a person who is of equal standing with another in a group; verb make equal, uniform, corresponding, or matching; be identical or equivalent to; be equal to in quality or ability
  • Er -  a room in a hospital or clinic staffed and equipped to provide emergency care to persons requiring immediate medical treatment; a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs with yttrium
  • Ergot -  a fungus that infects various cereal plants forming compact black masses of branching filaments that replace many grains of the plant; source of medicinally important alkaloids and of lysergic acid; a plant disease caused by the ergot fungus
  • es -  a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons
  • Escargot -  edible terrestrial snail usually served in the shell with a sauce of melted butter and garlic
  • Essential oil -  an oil having the odor or flavor of the plant from which it comes; used in perfume and flavorings
  • Ethyl acetate -  a fragrant colorless flammable volatile liquid ester made from ethanol and acetic acid; used in flavorings and perfumes and as a solvent for plastics
  • Eucalyptus oil -  an essential oil obtained from the leaves of eucalypts
  • Evans -  British archaeologist who excavated the palace of Knossos in Crete to find what he called Minoan civilization (1851-1941); United States anatomist who identified four pituitary hormones and discovered vitamin E (1882-1971)
  • Excel - verb distinguish oneself
  • Extract -  a passage selected from a larger work; a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water); verb calculate the root of a number; remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense; separate (a metal) from an ore; get despite difficulties or obstacles; extract by the process of distillation; take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy; obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action; deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)
  • Eyespot -  an eyelike marking (as on the wings of some butterflies); usually a spot of color inside a ring of another color
  • Farina -  fine meal made from cereal grain especially wheat; often used as a cooked cereal or in puddings
  • Fat -  a chubby body; having much flesh (especially fat); marked by great fruitfulness; lucrative; having a relatively large diameter; containing or composed of fat;  a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides); excess bodily weight; a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs; verb make fat or plump
  • Fat -  a chubby body; having much flesh (especially fat); marked by great fruitfulness; lucrative; having a relatively large diameter; containing or composed of fat;  a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides); excess bodily weight; a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs; verb make fat or plump
  • Fatty acid -  any of a class of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids that form part of a lipid molecule and can be derived from fat by hydrolysis; fatty acids are simple molecules built around a series of carbon atoms linked together in a chain of 12 to 22 carbon atoms
  • Fed Up -  having a strong distaste from surfeit
  • Fennel -  fennel seeds are ground and used as a spice or as an ingredient of a spice mixture; leaves used for seasoning; aromatic bulbous stem base eaten cooked or raw in salads; any of several aromatic herbs having edible seeds and leaves and stems
  • Fenugreek -  aromatic seeds used as seasoning especially in curry; annual herb or southern Europe and eastern Asia having off-white flowers and aromatic seeds used medicinally and in curry
  • field -  a particular kind of commercial enterprise; the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument); all the competitors in a particular contest or sporting event; all of the horses in a particular horse race; (mathematics) a set of elements such that addition and multiplication are commutative and associative and multiplication is distributive over addition and there are two elements 0 and 1; (computer science) a set of one or more adjacent characters comprising a unit of information; a region in which active military operations are in progress; somewhere (away from a studio or office or library or laboratory) where practical work is done or data is collected; a piece of land cleared of trees and usually enclosed; a geographic region (land or sea) under which something valuable is found; the space around a radiating body within which its electromagnetic oscillations can exert force on another similar body not in contact with it; a place where planes take off and land; a branch of knowledge; a region where a battle is being (or has been) fought; a piece of land prepared for playing a game; extensive tract of level open land; a particular environment or walk of life; verb select (a team or individual player) for a game; answer adequately or successfully; play as a fielder; catch or pick up (balls) in baseball or cricket
  • Field corn -  corn grown primarily for animal feed or market grain
  • film -  a thin coating or layer; photographic material consisting of a base of celluloid covered with a photographic emulsion; used to make negatives or transparencies; a thin sheet of (usually plastic and usually transparent) material used to wrap or cover things; a medium that disseminates moving pictures; a form of entertainment that enacts a story by a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement; verb make a film or photograph of something; record in film
  • Firkin -  a small wooden keg; a British unit of capacity equal to 9 imperial gallons
  • Fish oil -  a fatty oil obtained from the livers of various fish
  • Fitness -  the condition of being suitable; the quality of being qualified; good physical condition; being in shape or in condition; fitness to traverse the seas
  • Five spice powder -  Chinese seasoning made by grinding star anise and fennel and pepper and cloves and cinnamon
  • Fizz -  an effervescent beverage (usually alcoholic); verb form bubbles
  • Fl -  a state in southeastern United States between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
  • Flapjack -  a flat cake of thin batter fried on both sides on a griddle
  • Flavor -  (physics) the six kinds of quarks; the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people; verb lend flavor to
  • flavour -  the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth; (physics) the six kinds of quarks; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people; verb lend flavor to
  • Flax -  plant of the genus Linum that is cultivated for its seeds and for the fibers of its stem; fiber of the flax plant that is made into thread and woven into linen fabric
  • Flint corn -  corn having kernels with a hard outer layer enclosing the soft endosperm
  • Flip -  marked by casual disrespect;  a dive in which the diver somersaults before entering the water; the act of flipping a coin; hot or cold alcoholic mixed drink containing a beaten egg; (sports) the act of throwing the ball to another member of your team; an acrobatic feat in which the feet roll over the head (either forward or backward) and return; verb go mad, go crazy; turn upside down, or throw so as to reverse; move with a flick or light motion; throw or toss with a light motion; lightly throw to see which side comes up; cause to move with a flick; toss with a sharp movement so as to cause to turn over in the air; reverse (a direction, attitude, or course of action); cause to go on or to be engaged or set in operation; look through a book or other written material
  • Florida arrowroot -  small tough woody zamia of Florida and West Indies and Cuba; roots and half-buried stems yield an arrowroot
  • Flour -  fine powdery foodstuff obtained by grinding and sifting the meal of a cereal grain; verb convert grain into flour; cover with flour
  • Flour corn -  corn having kernels almost entirely of soft starch
  • Flour Mill -  a mill for grinding grain into flour
  • Flying saucer -  an (apparently) flying object whose nature is unknown; especially those considered to have extraterrestrial origins
  • Foie gras -  a pate made from goose liver (marinated in Cognac) and truffles
  • Fond -  (followed by `of' or `to') having a strong preference or liking for; absurd or silly because unlikely; extravagantly or foolishly loving and indulgent; having or displaying warmth or affection
  • Fondue -  hot cheese or chocolate melted to the consistency of a sauce into which bread or fruits are dipped; cubes of meat or seafood cooked in hot oil and then dipped in any of various sauces
  • food -  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue; anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking; any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
  • Food additive -  an additive to food intended to improve its flavor or appearance or shelf-life
  • Food coloring -  a digestible substance used to give color to food
  • food product -  a substance that can be used or prepared for use as food
  • Force -  physical energy or intensity; a powerful effect or influence; a group of people having the power of effective action; group of people willing to obey orders; (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity; a putout of a base runner who is required to run; the putout is accomplished by holding the ball while touching the base to which the runner must advance before the runner reaches that base; an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists); (of a law) having legal validity; a unit that is part of some military service; one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority; verb impose or thrust urgently, importunately, or inexorably; do forcibly; exert force; force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically; cause to move by pulling; squeeze like a wedge into a tight space; take by force; urge or force (a person) to an action; constrain or motivate; move with force, "He pushed the table into a corner"; to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city"
  • Foxtail millet -  coarse drought-resistant annual grass grown for grain, hay and forage in Europe and Asia and chiefly for forage and hay in United States
  • Fr -  a radioactive element of the alkali-metal group discovered as a disintegration product of actinium
  • Frangipane -  pastry with a creamy almond-flavored filling
  • French toast -  bread slice dipped in egg and milk and fried; topped with sugar or fruit or syrup
  • Fricassee -  pieces of chicken or other meat stewed in gravy with e.g. carrots and onions and served with noodles or dumplings; verb make a fricassee of by cooking
  • Fried egg -  eggs cooked by sauteing in oil or butter; sometimes turned and cooked on both sides
  • Frisk -  the act of searching someone for concealed weapons or illegal drugs; verb search as for concealed weapons by running the hands rapidly over the clothing and through the pockets; play boisterously
  • Frittata -  Italian omelet with diced vegetables and meats; cooked until bottom is set then inverted into another pan to cook the top
  • Fritter -  small quantity of fried batter containing fruit or meat or vegetables; verb spend frivolously and unwisely
  • Frozen custard -  dessert resembling ice cream but with a boiled custard base
  • Fructose -  a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits
  • Fruitcake -  a rich cake containing dried fruit and nuts and citrus peel and so on; a whimsically eccentric person
  • Frumenty -  sweet spiced porridge made from hulled wheat
  • Fudge -  soft creamy candy; verb fake or falsify; avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues)
  • Fumaric acid -  a colorless crystalline acid with a fruity taste; used in making polyester resins
  • Fun -  providing enjoyment; pleasantly entertaining;  activities that are enjoyable or amusing; violent and excited activity; verbal wit or mockery (often at another's expense but not to be taken seriously); a disposition to find (or make) causes for amusement
  • Furan -  a colorless toxic flammable liquid used in the synthesis of nylon
  • Furfural -  a liquid aldehyde with a penetrating odor; made from plant hulls and corn cobs; used in making furan and as a solvent
  • ga -  a state in southeastern United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; a rare silvery (usually trivalent) metallic element; brittle at low temperatures but liquid above room temperature; occurs in trace amounts in bauxite and zinc ores; the first known nerve agent, synthesized by German chemists in 1936; a highly toxic combustible liquid that is soluble in organic solvents and is used as a nerve gas in chemical warfare
  • Gal -  alliterative term for girl (or woman); a unit of gravitational acceleration equal to one centimeter per second per second (named after Galileo); United States liquid unit equal to 4 quarts or 3.785 liters
  • Galactose -  a simple sugar found in lactose
  • Galangal -  southeastern Asian perennial with aromatic roots; European sedge having rough-edged leaves and spikelets of reddish flowers and aromatic roots
  • Galium odoratum -  Old World fragrant stoloniferous perennial having small white flowers and narrow leaves used as flavoring and in sachets; widely cultivated as a ground cover; in some classifications placed in genus Asperula
  • Galliano -  golden Italian liqueur flavored with herbs
  • Gallic acid -  a colorless crystalline acid obtained from tannin
  • Gari -  cassava with long tuberous edible roots and soft brittle stems; used especially to make cassiri (an intoxicating drink) and tapioca
  • Garlic -  aromatic bulb used as seasoning; bulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong-flavored cloves
  • Garlic bread -  French or Italian bread sliced and spread with garlic butter then crisped in the oven
  • Gaultheria procumbens -  creeping shrub of eastern North America having white bell-shaped flowers followed by spicy red berrylike fruit and shiny aromatic leaves that yield wintergreen oil
  • Gazpacho -  a soup made with chopped tomatoes and onions and cucumbers and peppers and herbs; served cold
  • ge -  (Greek mythology) goddess of the earth and mother of Cronus and the Titans in ancient mythology; a brittle grey crystalline element that is a semiconducting metalloid (resembling silicon) used in transistors; occurs in germanite and argyrodite
  • Gelatin -  a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects; an edible jelly (sweet or pungent) made with gelatin and used as a dessert or salad base or a coating for foods; a colorless water-soluble glutinous protein obtained from animal tissues such as bone and skin
  • Gelatin dessert -  jellied dessert made with gelatin and fruit juice or water
  • genus -  a general kind of something; (biology) taxonomic group containing one or more species
  • Ghee -  clarified butter used in Indian cookery
  • gi -  of or relating to the stomach and intestines;  a unit of magnetomotive force equal to 0.7958 ampere-turns; verb clean in preparation for inspection
  • Ginger -  (used especially of hair or fur) having a bright orange-brown color;  pungent rhizome of the common ginger plant; used fresh as a seasoning especially in Oriental cookery; dried ground gingerroot; perennial plants having thick branching aromatic rhizomes and leafy reedlike stems; liveliness and energy; verb add ginger to in order to add flavor
  • Ginger beer -  carbonated slightly alcoholic drink flavored with fermented ginger
  • Ginger snap -  a crisp round cookie flavored with ginger
  • Gingerol -  derived from ginger; source of the hotness of ginger
  • Ginseng -  Chinese herb with palmately compound leaves and small greenish flowers and forked aromatic roots believed to have medicinal powers; aromatic root of ginseng plants
  • Glutamic acid -  an amino acid occurring in proteins; important in the nitrogen metabolism of plants; used in monosodium glutamate to enhance the flavor of meats
  • Glycerol -  a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • Glycine -  genus of Asiatic erect or sprawling herbs: soya bean; the simplest amino acid found in proteins and the principal amino acid in sugar cane
  • Glycolic acid -  a translucent crystalline compound found in sugar cane and sugar beets and unripe grapes
  • Glycyrrhiza glabra -  deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots
  • Go -  functioning correctly and ready for action;  a board game for two players who place counters on a grid; the object is to surround and so capture the opponent's counters; a time for working (after which you will be relieved by someone else); a usually brief attempt; street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine; verb be abolished or discarded; be spent; move away from a place into another direction; follow a procedure or take a course; pass, fare, or elapse; of a certain state of affairs or action; be or continue to be in a certain condition; be awarded; be allotted; lead, extend, or afford access; be sounded, played, or expressed; be contained in; be ranked or compare; enter or assume a certain state or condition; follow a certain course; pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life; stop operating or functioning; progress by being changed; give support (to) or make a choice (of) one out of a group or number; have a turn; make one's move in a game; to be spent or finished; go through in search of something; search through someone's belongings in an unauthorized way; perform as expected when applied; change location; move, travel, or proceed; begin or set in motion; make a certain noise or sound; continue to live; endure or last; be the right size or shape; fit correctly or as desired; stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point; blend or harmonize; have a particular form; be in the right place or situation
  • Gold -  made from or covered with gold; having the deep slightly brownish color of gold;  something likened to the metal in brightness or preciousness or superiority etc.; great wealth; coins made of gold; a soft yellow malleable ductile (trivalent and univalent) metallic element; occurs mainly as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits; does not react with most chemicals but is attacked by chlorine and aqua regia; a deep yellow color
  • Goober -  pod of the peanut vine containing usually 2 nuts or seeds; `groundnut' and `monkey nut' are British terms
  • Good -  thorough; generally admired; resulting favorably; not left to spoil; not forged; having desirable or positive qualities especially those suitable for a thing specified; morally admirable; in excellent physical condition; appealing to the mind; agreeable or pleasing; most suitable or right for a particular purpose; capable of pleasing; of moral excellence; promoting or enhancing well-being; having the normally expected amount; with or in a close or intimate relationship; exerting force or influence; tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health; deserving of esteem and respect; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude; financially sound;  (often used as a combining form) in a good or proper or satisfactory manner or to a high standard (`good' is a nonstandard dialectal variant for `well'); in a complete and thorough manner (`good' is sometimes used informally for `thoroughly');  moral excellence or admirableness; that which is pleasing or valuable or useful; benefit; articles of commerce
  • Goody -  something considered choice to eat
  • Goujon -  large catfish of central United States having a flattened head and projecting jaw
  • Goulash -  a rich meat stew highly seasoned with paprika
  • Graham flour -  flour made by grinding the entire wheat berry including the bran; (`whole meal flour' is British usage)
  • grain -  the direction or texture of fibers found in wood or leather or stone or in a woven fabric; foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses; a small hard particle; dry seedlike fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g. wheat, barley, Indian corn; 1/7000 pound; equals a troy grain or 64.799 milligrams; 1/60 dram; equals an avoirdupois grain or 64.799 milligrams; a weight unit used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 carat; verb paint (a surface) to make it look like stone or wood; become granular; form into grains; thoroughly work in
  • Granola -  cereal made of especially rolled oats with dried fruits and nuts and honey or brown sugar
  • Grant -  the act of providing a subsidy; a right or privilege that has been granted; 18th President of the United States; commander of the Union armies in the American Civil War (1822-1885); United States actor (born in England) who was the elegant leading man in many films (1904-1986); Scottish painter; cousin of Lytton Strachey and member of the Bloomsbury Group (1885-1978); (law) a transfer of property by deed of conveyance; any monetary aid; a contract granting the right to operate a subsidiary business; verb transfer by deed; bestow, especially officially; be willing to concede; allow to have; let have; give as judged due or on the basis of merit; give over; surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another
  • Gravy -  basically the juices that drip from cooking meats; a sudden happening that brings good fortune (as a sudden opportunity to make money)
  • Gray -  of an achromatic color of any lightness intermediate between the extremes of white and black; darkened with overcast; intermediate in character or position; used to signify the Confederate forces in the American Civil War (who wore grey uniforms); showing characteristics of age, especially having grey or white hair;  a neutral achromatic color midway between white and black; United States botanist who specialized in North American flora and who was an early supporter of Darwin's theories of evolution (1810-1888); American navigator who twice circumnavigated the globe and who discovered the Columbia River (1755-1806); English poet best known for his elegy written in a country churchyard (1716-1771); horse of a light gray or whitish color; clothing that is a grey color; any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are grey; verb turn grey; make grey
  • Grenadine -  thin syrup made from pomegranate juice; used in mixed drinks
  • Griddle -  cooking utensil consisting of a flat heated surface (as on top of a stove) on which food is cooked; verb cook on a griddle
  • Gridiron -  the playing field on which football is played; a cooking utensil of parallel metal bars; used to grill fish or meat
  • Grilling -  cooking by direct exposure to radiant heat (as over a fire or under a grill)
  • Griot -  a storyteller in West Africa; perpetuates the oral traditions of a family or village
  • Grist -  grain intended to be or that has been ground
  • Gristmill -  a mill for grinding grain (especially the customer's own grain)
  • Grit -  a hard coarse-grained siliceous sandstone; fortitude and determination; verb clench together; cover with a grit
  • Grits -  coarsely ground hulled corn boiled as a breakfast dish in the southern United States
  • Groat -  a former English silver coin worth four pennies
  • Gruel -  a thin porridge (usually oatmeal or cornmeal)
  • Guacamole -  a dip made of mashed avocado mixed with chopped onions and other seasonings
  • Guar gum -  a gum from seeds of the guar plant; used to thicken foods and as sizing for paper and cloth
  • Gui -  a user interface based on graphics (icons and pictures and menus) instead of text; uses a mouse as well as a keyboard as an input device
  • gum -  any of various substances (soluble in water) that exude from certain plants; they are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying; the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth; a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing; any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum; wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum; cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive; verb exude or form gum; become sticky; cover, fill, fix or smear with or as if with gum; grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great difficulty
  • Gum arabic -  gum from an acacia tree; used as a thickener (especially in candies and pharmaceuticals)
  • Gumbo -  a soup or stew thickened with okra pods; long mucilaginous green pods; may be simmered or sauteed but used especially in soups and stews; any of various fine-grained silty soils that become waxy and very sticky mud when saturated with water; tall coarse annual of Old World tropics widely cultivated in southern United States and West Indies for its long mucilaginous green pods used as basis for soups and stews; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus
  • Gumdrop -  a jellied candy coated with sugar crystals
  • Gyro -  a Greek sandwich: sliced roast lamb with onion and tomato stuffed into pita bread; rotating mechanism in the form of a universally mounted spinning wheel that offers resistance to turns in any direction
  • H -  the 8th letter of the Roman alphabet; (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure; the constant of proportionality relating the energy of a photon to its frequency; approximately 6.626 x 10^-34 joule-second; a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second; a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • Haggis -  made of sheep's or calf's viscera minced with oatmeal and suet and onions and boiled in the animal's stomach
  • Halite -  naturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride
  • Halobacterium -  halophiles in saline environments such as the Dead Sea or salt flats
  • Halophile -  archaebacteria requiring a salt-rich environment for growth and survival
  • Ham sandwich -  a sandwich made with a filling of sliced ham
  • Hamburger -  a sandwich consisting of a fried cake of minced beef served on a bun, often with other ingredients; beef that has been ground
  • Hard sauce -  butter and sugar creamed together with brandy or other flavoring and served with rich puddings
  • Hash -  chopped meat mixed with potatoes and browned; purified resinous extract of the hemp plant; used as a hallucinogen; verb chop up
  • Haslet -  heart and liver and other edible viscera especially of hogs; usually chopped and formed into a loaf and braised
  • Hasty pudding -  cornmeal mush served with sweetening (maple syrup or brown sugar); sweetened porridge made of tapioca or flour or oatmeal cooked quickly in milk or water
  • Heinz -  United States industrialist who manufactured and sold processed foods (1844-1919)
  • Heinz -  United States industrialist who manufactured and sold processed foods (1844-1919)
  • Helianthus annuus -  annual sunflower grown for silage and for its seeds which are a source of oil; common throughout United States and much of North America
  • Helium -  a very light colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; the most difficult gas to liquefy; occurs in economically extractable amounts in certain natural gases (as those found in Texas and Kansas)
  • Hemp -  a plant fiber; a rope that is used by a hangman to execute persons who have been condemned to death by hanging; any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • Herb -  aromatic potherb used in cookery for its savory qualities; a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
  • Herbal tea -  tea-like drink made of leaves of various herbs
  • Hill -  a local and well-defined elevation of the land; risque English comedian (1925-1992); United States railroad tycoon (1838-1916); structure consisting of an artificial heap or bank usually of earth or stones; (baseball) the slight elevation on which the pitcher stands; verb form into a hill
  • Hoagland -  United States physiologist (1899-1982)
  • Hoe -  a tool with a flat blade attached at right angles to a long handle; verb dig with a hoe
  • Hoisin sauce -  a thick sweet and pungent Chinese condiment
  • Holy trinity -  the union of the Father and Son and Holy Ghost in one Godhead
  • Home fries -  sliced pieces of potato fried in a pan until brown and crisp
  • Hominy -  hulled corn with the bran and germ removed
  • Honey -  of something having the color of honey;  a sweet yellow liquid produced by bees; a beloved person; used as terms of endearment; verb sweeten with honey
  • Honor -  a woman's virtue or chastity; the quality of being honorable and having a good name; the state of being honored; a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction; verb accept as pay; bestow honor or rewards upon; show respect towards
  • Hops -  twining perennials having cordate leaves and flowers arranged in conelike spikes; the dried flowers of this plant are used in brewing to add the characteristic bitter taste to beer
  • Hordeum vulgare -  grass yielding grain used for breakfast food and animal feed and in malt beverages
  • Horseradish -  grated horseradish root; coarse Eurasian plant cultivated for its thick white pungent root; the root of the horseradish plant; it is grated or ground and used for seasoning
  • Hot chocolate -  a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • Hot-dog - verb perform intricate maneuvers while skiing
  • Huarache -  a sandal with flat heels and an upper of woven leather straps
  • Humbug -  communication (written or spoken) intended to deceive; something intended to deceive; deliberate trickery intended to gain an advantage; pretentious or silly talk or writing; verb trick or deceive
  • Humectant -  any substance that is added to another substance to keep it moist
  • Hummus -  a thick spread made from mashed chickpeas, tahini, lemon juice and garlic; used especially as a dip for pita; originated in the Middle East
  • Hunter's chicken -  chicken casserole prepared with tomatoes and mushrooms and herbs in the Italian style
  • Hushpuppy -  deep-fried cornbread ball (southern)
  • Husk -  outer membranous covering of some fruits or seeds; material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds; verb remove the husks from
  • Hydrochloric acid -  an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride; a strongly corrosive acid
  • Hydrogen -  a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • Hypericum perforatum -  yellow-flowered perennial common in fields and waste places but a weed in rangelands
  • Hypochaeris radicata -  European weed widely naturalized in North America having yellow flower heads and leaves resembling a cat's ears
  • Hyssopus -  Eurasian genus of perennial herbs or subshrubs
  • Hyssopus officinalis -  a European mint with aromatic and pungent leaves used in perfumery and as a seasoning in cookery; often cultivated as a remedy for bruises; yields hyssop oil
  • i -  the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet; a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
  • Icing -  (ice hockey) the act of shooting the puck from within your own defensive area the length of the rink beyond the opponent's goal; a flavored sugar topping used to coat and decorate cakes; the formation of frost or ice on a surface
  • Illicium verum -  small tree of China and Vietnam bearing anise-scented star-shaped fruit used in food and medicinally as a carminative
  • Inc -  a heterogeneous collection of groups united in their opposition to Saddam Hussein's government of Iraq; formed in 1992 it is comprised of Sunni and Shiite Arabs and Kurds who hope to build a new government
  • Indian relish -  chopped fruits or green tomatoes cooked in vinegar and sugar with ginger and spices
  • Indiana -  a state in midwestern United States
  • industrialist -  someone who manages or has significant financial interest in an industrial enterprise
  • Ingredient -  a component of a mixture or compound; food that is a component of a mixture in cooking; an abstract part of something
  • Inka -  a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s
  • Inulin -  used to manufacture fructose and in assessing kidney function
  • Invertase -  an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose and fructose
  • Iodine -  a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks); a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic
  • Iowa -  a dialect of the Chiwere language spoken by the Iowa; a state in midwestern United States; a member of the Siouan people formerly living in Iowa and Minnesota and Missouri
  • IR -  a board of the British government that administers and collects major direct taxes; a heavy brittle metallic element of the platinum group; used in alloys; occurs in natural alloys with platinum or osmium
  • Irish stew -  meat (especially mutton) stewed with potatoes and onions
  • Iron -  extremely robust;  home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth; a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head; implement used to brand live stock; a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood; verb press and smooth with a heated iron
  • Irvingia gabonensis -  African tree with edible yellow fruit resembling mangos; valued for its oil-rich seed and hardy green wood that resists termites
  • Isinglass -  any of various minerals consisting of hydrous silicates of aluminum or potassium etc. that crystallize in forms that allow perfect cleavage into very thin leaves; used as dielectrics because of their resistance to electricity
  • Italian dressing -  a vinaigrette with garlic and herbs: oregano and basil and dill
  • Italian sandwich -  a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States
  • Jack -  male donkey; any of several fast-swimming predacious fishes of tropical to warm temperate seas; tool for exerting pressure or lifting; one of four face cards in a deck bearing a picture of a young prince; small flag indicating a ship's nationality; game equipment consisting of one of several small six-pointed metal pieces that are picked up while bouncing a ball in the game of jacks; an electrical device consisting of a connector socket designed for the insertion of a plug; a small ball at which players aim in lawn bowling; a small worthless amount; immense East Indian fruit resembling breadfruit; it contains an edible pulp and nutritious seeds that are commonly roasted; someone who works with their hands; someone engaged in manual labor; a man who serves as a sailor; verb lift with a special device; hunt with a jacklight
  • Jaggery -  unrefined brown sugar made from palm sap
  • Jambalaya -  spicy Creole dish of rice and ham, sausage, chicken, or shellfish with tomatoes, peppers, onions, and celery
  • Japanese millet -  coarse annual grass cultivated in Japan and southeastern Asia for its edible seeds and for forage; important wildlife food in United States
  • Jell-O -  fruit-flavored dessert (trade mark Jell-O) made from a commercially prepared gelatin powder
  • Jerk -  an abrupt spasmodic movement; raising a weight from shoulder height to above the head by straightening the arms; a dull stupid fatuous person; (mechanics) the rate of change of acceleration; a sudden abrupt pull; meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun; verb throw or toss with a quick motion; move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions; make an uncontrolled, short, jerky motion; pull, or move with a sudden movement; jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched
  • Jewish rye bread -  (Judaism) bread made with rye flour; usually contains caraway seeds
  • Job's tears -  hard pearly seeds of an Asiatic grass; often used as beads
  • Johnnycake -  cornbread usually cooked pancake-style on a griddle (chiefly New England)
  • Johnson grass -  tall perennial grass that spreads by creeping rhizomes and is grown for fodder; naturalized in southern United States where it is a serious pest on cultivated land
  • Jujube -  chewy fruit-flavored jellied candy (sometimes medicated to soothe a sore throat); dark red plumlike fruit of Old World buckthorn trees; spiny tree having dark red edible fruits
  • Jumble -  small flat ring-shaped cake or cookie; a theory or argument made up of miscellaneous or incongruous ideas; a confused multitude of things; verb assemble without order or sense; be all mixed up or jumbled together; bring into random order
  • Juniper berry -  berrylike fruit of a plant of the genus Juniperus especially the berrylike cone of the common juniper
  • Junket -  a trip taken by an official at public expense; dessert made of sweetened milk coagulated with rennet; a journey taken for pleasure; verb partake in a feast or banquet; provide a feast or banquet for; go on a pleasure trip
  • Ka -  unknown god; an epithet of Prajapati and Brahma
  • Kama -  god of love and erotic desire; opposite of Mara
  • Kasha -  boiled or baked buckwheat
  • Kebab -  cubes of meat marinated and cooked on a skewer usually with vegetables
  • Kedgeree -  a dish of rice and hard-boiled eggs and cooked flaked fish
  • Ketchup -  thick spicy sauce made from tomatoes
  • Knish -  (Yiddish) baked or fried turnover filled with potato or meat or cheese; often eaten as a snack
  • Kr -  a communist organization formed in Cambodia in 1970; became a terrorist organization in 1975 when it captured Phnom Penh and created a government that killed an estimated three million people; was defeated by Vietnamese troops but remained active until 1999; a colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; occurs in trace amounts in air
  • Kudos -  an expression of approval and commendation
  • Kudzu -  fast-growing vine from eastern Asia having tuberous starchy roots and hairy trifoliate leaves and racemes of purple flowers followed by long hairy pods containing many seeds; grown for fodder and forage and root starch; widespread in the southern United States
  • Kvass -  fermented beverage resembling beer but made from rye or barley
  • ky -  a state in east central United States; a border state during the American Civil War; famous for breeding race horses
  • la -  the syllable naming the sixth (submediant) note of a major or minor scale in solmization; a state in southern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; a white soft metallic element that tarnishes readily; occurs in rare earth minerals and is usually classified as a rare earth
  • Labrador tea -  evergreen shrub of eastern North America having white or creamy bell-shaped flowers and dark green hairy leaves used for tea during American Revolution
  • Lactase -  any of a group of enzymes (trade name Lactaid) that hydrolyze lactose to glucose and galactose
  • lactate -  a salt or ester of lactic acid; verb give suck to
  • Lactic acid -  a clear odorless hygroscopic syrupy carboxylic acid found in sour milk and in many fruits
  • Lactose -  a sugar comprising one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; occurs only in milk
  • lama -  llamas; a Tibetan or Mongolian priest of Lamaism
  • Lambda -  the craniometric point at the junction of the sagittal and lamboid sutures of the skull; the 11th letter of the Greek alphabet
  • Lard -  soft white semisolid fat obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the hog; verb prepare or cook with lard; add details to
  • Lasagne -  very wide flat strips of pasta; baked dish of layers of lasagna pasta with sauce and cheese and meat or vegetables
  • Lauric acid -  a crystalline fatty acid occurring as glycerides in natural fats and oils (especially coconut oil and palm-kernel oil)
  • Laurus nobilis -  small Mediterranean evergreen tree with small blackish berries and glossy aromatic leaves used for flavoring in cooking; also used by ancient Greeks to crown victors
  • Lavandula angustifolia -  aromatic Mediterranean shrub widely cultivated for its lilac flowers which are dried and used in sachets
  • Lavandula latifolia -  Mediterranean plant with pale purple flowers that yields spike lavender oil
  • lb -  16 ounces
  • Lea -  a unit of length of thread or yarn; a field covered with grass or herbage and suitable for grazing by livestock
  • Lead -  the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge; a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead'); mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil; thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing; an advantage held by a competitor in a race; evidence pointing to a possible solution; the introductory section of a story; a news story of major importance; (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base; (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning; the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile); a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey; a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire; restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal; the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal-combustion engine; an indication of potential opportunity; an actor who plays a principal role; verb cause to undertake a certain action; travel in front of; go in advance of others; take somebody somewhere; tend to or result in; be ahead of others; be the first; pass or spend; preside over; lead, as in the performance of a composition; move ahead (of others) in time or space; be in charge of; be conducive to; have as a result or residue; stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point; lead, extend, or afford access; cause something to pass or lead somewhere
  • Lecithin -  a yellow phospholipid essential for the metabolism of fats; found in egg yolk and in many plant and animal cells; used commercially as an emulsifier
  • Ledum -  evergreen shrubs of north temperate regions
  • Lemon balm -  lemony leaves used for a tisane or in soups or fruit punches; bushy perennial Old World mint having small white or yellowish flowers and fragrant lemon-flavored leaves; a garden escapee in northern Europe and North America
  • Lemon drop -  a hard candy with lemon flavor and a yellow color and (usually) the shape of a lemon
  • Lemon mint -  an annual horsemint of central and western United States and northern Mexico; mint with leaves having perfume like that of the bergamot orange
  • Lemon oil -  fragrant yellow oil obtained from the lemon peel
  • Lemonade -  sweetened beverage of diluted lemon juice
  • Lentil soup -  made of stock and lentils with onions carrots and celery
  • Leucine -  a white crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins that is essential for nutrition; obtained by the hydrolysis of most dietary proteins
  • li -  Chinese distance measure; approximately 0.5 kilometers; a soft silver-white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals
  • Limonene -  a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
  • Linalool -  a colorless fragrant liquid found in many essential oils
  • Linseed oil -  a drying oil extracted from flax seed and used in making such things as oil paints
  • liqueur -  strong highly flavored sweet liquor usually drunk after a meal
  • Liquid -  clear and bright; smooth and flowing in quality; entirely free of harshness; existing as or having characteristics of a liquid; especially tending to flow; filled or brimming with tears; in cash or easily convertible to cash; smooth and unconstrained in movement; changed from a solid to a liquid state;  a frictionless continuant that is not a nasal consonant (especially `l' and `r'); the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility; a substance in the fluid state of matter having no fixed shape but a fixed volume; a substance that is liquid at room temperature and pressure
  • Liquorice -  a black candy flavored with the dried root of the licorice plant; deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots
  • Liquorice -  a black candy flavored with the dried root of the licorice plant; deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots
  • Little barley -  annual barley native to western North America and widespread in southern United States and tropical America
  • Lobby -  a group of people who try actively to influence legislation; the people who support some common cause or business or principle or sectional interest; a large entrance or reception room or area; verb detain in conversation by or as if by holding on to the outer garments of; as for political or economic favors
  • lollipop -  hard candy on a stick; ice cream or water ice on a small wooden stick
  • Long pepper -  slender tropical climber of the eastern Himalayas; plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
  • Loose smut -  a smut fungus of the genus Ustilago causing a smut disease of grains in which the entire head is transformed into a dusty mass of spores; disease of grains; the entire head is a dusty mass of spores
  • Lunch meat -  any of various sausages or molded loaf meats sliced and served cold
  • Lutein -  yellow carotenoid pigments in plants and animal fats and egg yolks
  • Lycium barbarum -  deciduous erect or spreading shrub with spiny branches and violet-purple flowers followed by orange-red berries; southeastern Europe to China
  • Lycopene -  carotenoid that makes tomatoes red; may lower the risk of prostate cancer
  • Lysozyme -  an enzyme found in saliva and sweat and tears that destroys the cell walls of certain bacteria
  • m -  the 13th letter of the Roman alphabet; concentration measured by the number of moles of solute per liter of solution; the basic unit of length adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites (approximately 1.094 yards)
  • Ma -  informal terms for a mother; a master's degree in arts and sciences; a state in New England; one of the original 13 colonies; one thousandth of an ampere
  • Macedonia -  landlocked republic on the Balkan Peninsula; achieved independence from Yugoslavia in 1991; the ancient kingdom of Philip II and Alexander the Great in the southeastern Balkans that is now divided among modern Macedonia and Greece and Bulgaria
  • Macon -  fine Burgundy wine usually white and dry; a city in central Georgia southeast of Atlanta
  • Magnesium -  a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
  • Magnesium oxide -  a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase; a source of magnesium
  • Magnolia -  any shrub or tree of the genus Magnolia; valued for their longevity and exquisite fragrant blooms; dried bark of various magnolias; used in folk medicine
  • Maize -  a strong yellow color; tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times
  • Malt -  a cereal grain that is kiln-dried after having been germinated by soaking in water; used especially in brewing and distilling; a lager of high alcohol content; by law it is considered too alcoholic to be sold as lager or beer; a milkshake made with malt powder; verb convert into malt; convert grain into malt; turn into malt, become malt; treat with malt or malt extract
  • Malt liquor -  a lager of high alcohol content; by law it is considered too alcoholic to be sold as lager or beer
  • Malt whisky -  whiskey distilled in Scotland; especially whiskey made from malted barley in a pot still
  • Malta -  a strategically located island south of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea; a republic on the island of Malta in the Mediterranean; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1964
  • Malted milk -  powder made of dried milk and malted cereals; a milkshake made with malt powder
  • Malted milk -  powder made of dried milk and malted cereals; a milkshake made with malt powder
  • Maltose -  a white crystalline sugar formed during the digestion of starches
  • Malva sylvestris -  erect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States
  • Mamba -  arboreal snake of central and southern Africa whose bite is often fatal
  • Manat -  the basic unit of money in Azerbaijan; the basic unit of money in Turkmenistan
  • Mango -  large oval tropical fruit having smooth skin, juicy aromatic pulp, and a large hairy seed; large evergreen tropical tree cultivated for its large oval fruit
  • Mannitol -  a diuretic (trade name Osmitrol) used to promote the excretion of urine
  • manufacturer -  a business engaged in manufacturing some product; someone who manufactures something
  • Maple sugar -  sugar made from the sap of the sugar maple tree
  • Maple syrup -  made by concentrating sap from sugar maples
  • Maraschino cherry -  cherry preserved in true or imitation maraschino liqueur; Dalmatian bitter wild cherry tree bearing fruit whose juice is made into maraschino liqueur
  • Margarine -  a spread made chiefly from vegetable oils and used as a substitute for butter
  • Margarita -  a cocktail made of tequila and triple sec with lime and lemon juice
  • Marjoram -  pungent leaves used as seasoning with meats and fowl and in stews and soups and omelets; aromatic Eurasian perennial
  • Marmalade -  a preserve made of the pulp and rind of citrus fruits
  • Marmite -  a large pot especially one with legs used e.g. for cooking soup; soup cooked in a large pot
  • Marmite -  a large pot especially one with legs used e.g. for cooking soup; soup cooked in a large pot
  • Marrubium vulgare -  European aromatic herb with hairy leaves and numerous white flowers in axillary cymes; leaves yield a bitter extract use medicinally and as flavoring
  • Marshall -  United States jurist; as chief justice of the Supreme Court he established the principles of United States constitutional law (1755-1835); United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959); United States actor (1914-1998); a law officer having duties similar to those of a sheriff in carrying out the judgments of a court of law; (in some countries) a military officer of highest rank
  • Masa -  an independent group of closely related Chadic languages spoken in the area between the Biu-Mandara and East Chadic languages
  • Mashed potato -  potato that has been peeled and boiled and then mashed
  • Mastic -  an evergreen shrub of the Mediterranean region that is cultivated for its resin; a pasty cement used as an adhesive or filler; an aromatic exudate from the mastic tree; used chiefly in varnishes
  • Mat -  not reflecting light; not glossy;  a thick flat pad used as a floor covering; sports equipment consisting of a piece of thick padding on the floor for gymnastic sports; a small pad of material that is used to protect surface from an object placed on it; mounting consisting of a border or background for a picture; a mass that is densely tangled or interwoven; the property of having little or no contrast; lacking highlights or gloss; a master's degree in teaching; verb change texture so as to become matted and felt-like; twist together or entwine into a confusing mass
  • Mate -  South American tea-like drink made from leaves of a South American holly called mate; the officer below the master on a commercial ship; informal term for a friend of the same sex; the partner of an animal (especially a sexual partner); South American holly; leaves used in making a drink like tea; a chess move constituting an inescapable and indefensible attack on the opponent's king; an exact duplicate; a person's partner in marriage; a fellow member of a team; verb place an opponent's king under an attack from which it cannot escape and thus ending the game; bring two objects, ideas, or people together; make love
  • Matricaria chamomilla -  annual Eurasian herb similar in fragrance and medicinal uses to chamomile though taste is more bitter and effect is considered inferior
  • Matthew -  one of the Gospels in the New Testament; includes the Sermon on the Mount; (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditionally considered to be the author of the first Gospel
  • Mayhaw -  hawthorn of southern United States bearing juicy acid scarlet fruit often used in jellies or preserves
  • McCormick -  United States operatic tenor (born in Ireland) (1884-1945); United States inventor and manufacturer of a mechanical harvester (1809-1884)
  • me -  a state in New England
  • meat -  the flesh of animals (including fishes and birds and snails) used as food; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; the inner and usually edible part of a seed or grain or nut or fruit stone
  • Meat grinder -  any action resulting in injury or destruction; a mill for grinding meat
  • Meatball -  ground meat formed into a ball and fried or simmered in broth
  • Meatloaf -  a baked loaf of ground meat
  • men -  the force of workers available
  • Mentha pulegium -  Eurasian perennial mint have small lilac-blue flowers and ovate leaves; yields an aromatic oil
  • Mentha suaveolens -  mint with apple-scented stems of southern and western Europe; naturalized in United States
  • Menthol -  a lotion containing menthol which gives it the smell of mint; a crystalline compound that has the cool and minty taste and odor that occurs naturally in peppermint oil; used as a flavoring and in medicine to relieve itching, pain, and nasal congestion
  • merchant -  a businessperson engaged in retail trade
  • Meringue -  sweet topping especially for pies made of beaten egg whites and sugar
  • Methyl -  the univalent radical CH3- derived from methane
  • Methyl salicylate -  a liquid ester with a strong odor of wintergreen; applied externally for minor muscle and joint pain
  • Mexico -  a republic in southern North America; became independent from Spain in 1810
  • mil -  an angular unit used in artillery; equal to 1/6400 of a complete revolution; a unit of length equal to one thousandth of an inch; used to specify thickness (e.g., of sheets or wire); a Cypriot monetary unit equal to one thousandth of a pound; a metric unit of volume equal to one thousandth of a liter
  • Milk punch -  a punch made of spirits and milk and sugar and spices
  • Milkshake -  frothy drink of milk and flavoring and sometimes fruit or ice cream
  • Millet -  small seed of any of various annual cereal grasses especially Setaria italica; French painter of rural scenes (1814-1875); any of various small-grained annual cereal and forage grasses of the genera Panicum, Echinochloa, Setaria, Sorghum, and Eleusine
  • Milo -  small drought-resistant sorghums having large yellow or whitish grains
  • Mincemeat -  spiced mixture of chopped raisins and apples and other ingredients with or without meat
  • Minestrone -  soup made with a variety of vegetables
  • minimum -  the least possible;  the point on a curve where the tangent changes from negative on the left to positive on the right; the smallest possible quantity
  • Mint -  as if new;  a plant where money is coined by authority of the government; a candy that is flavored with a mint oil; the leaves of a mint plant used fresh or candied; any north temperate plant of the genus Mentha with aromatic leaves and small mauve flowers; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent; verb form by stamping, punching, or printing
  • Mint sauce -  sweetened diluted vinegar with chopped mint leaves
  • Mo -  a midwestern state in central United States; a border state during the American Civil War, Missouri was admitted to the Confederacy without actually seceding from the Union; a polyvalent metallic element that resembles chromium and tungsten in its properties; used to strengthen and harden steel
  • Mojo -  a magic power or magic spell
  • Mol -  the molecular weight of a substance expressed in grams; the basic unit of amount of substance adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Molasses -  thick dark syrup produced by boiling down juice from sugar cane; especially during sugar refining
  • MON -  the Mon-Khmer language spoken by the Mon; a member of a Buddhist people living in Myanmar and adjacent parts of Thailand; the second day of the week; the first working day
  • Monarda citriodora -  an annual horsemint of central and western United States and northern Mexico
  • Monosodium glutamate -  white crystalline compound used as a food additive to enhance flavor; often used in Chinese cooking
  • Mornay sauce -  onion-flavored creamy cheese sauce with egg yolk and grated cheese
  • Mors -  (Roman mythology) Roman god of death; counterpart of Thanatos
  • Mote -  (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
  • Moussaka -  casserole of eggplant and ground lamb with onion and tomatoes bound with white sauce and beaten eggs
  • Mr -  a form of address for a man
  • Mrs -  a form of address for a married woman
  • Mt -  the use of computers to translate from one language to another; a state in northwestern United States on the Canadian border; a unit of weight equivalent to 1000 kilograms; a radioactive transuranic element
  • Mu -  the 12th letter of the Greek alphabet
  • Muesli -  mixture of untoasted dry cereals and fruits
  • Mugwort -  any of several weedy composite plants of the genus Artemisia
  • Mulled wine -  wine heated with sugar and spices and often citrus fruit
  • Mulligatawny -  a soup of eastern India that is flavored with curry; prepared with a meat or chicken base
  • Munch -  a large bite; Norwegian painter (1863-1944); verb chew noisily
  • Mung bean -  erect bushy annual widely cultivated in warm regions of India and Indonesia and United States for forage and especially its edible seeds; chief source of bean sprouts used in Chinese cookery; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus
  • Mush -  a journey by dogsled; cornmeal boiled in water; an expression that is excessively sweet and sentimental; any soft or soggy mass; verb drive (a team of dogs or a dogsled); travel with a dogsled
  • Mushy peas -  marrowfat peas that have been soaked overnight and then boiled; served with fish and chips
  • mustard -  leaves eaten as cooked greens; pungent powder or paste prepared from ground mustard seeds; any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica
  • Mustard -  leaves eaten as cooked greens; pungent powder or paste prepared from ground mustard seeds; any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica
  • Mustard oil -  oil obtained from mustard seeds and used in making soap
  • Mustard seed -  black or white seeds ground to make mustard pastes or powders
  • Mute -  expressed without speech; especially because words would be inappropriate or inadequate; lacking power of speech; unable to speak because of hereditary deafness;  a device used to soften the tone of a musical instrument; a deaf person who is unable to speak; verb deaden (a sound or noise), especially by wrapping
  • Myrrh -  aromatic resin that is burned as incense and used in perfume
  • n -  the 14th letter of the Roman alphabet; (of a solution) concentration expressed in gram equivalents of solute per liter; a unit of force equal to the force that imparts an acceleration of 1 m/sec/sec to a mass of 1 kilogram; equal to 100,000 dynes; the cardinal compass point that is at 0 or 360 degrees; a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
  • na -  a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
  • ne -  a midwestern state on the Great Plains; the compass point midway between north and east; at 45 degrees; a colorless odorless gaseous element that give a red glow in a vacuum tube; one of the six inert gasses; occurs in the air in small amounts
  • Nebraska -  a midwestern state on the Great Plains
  • Nectar -  fruit juice especially when undiluted; a sweet liquid secretion that is attractive to pollinators; (classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal
  • Nero -  Roman Emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury (was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of Rome in 64) but the Empire remained prosperous during his rule (37-68)
  • New Jersey -  a Mid-Atlantic state on the Atlantic; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the British colonies that formed the United States
  • New York -  a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the British colonies that formed the United States; the largest city in New York State and in the United States; located in southeastern New York at the mouth of the Hudson river; a major financial and cultural center
  • New Zealand -  North Island and South Island and adjacent small islands in the South Pacific; an independent country within the British Commonwealth; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1907; known for sheep and spectacular scenery
  • ng -  one billionth (1/1,000,000,000) gram
  • Nigella sativa -  herb of the Mediterranean region having pungent seeds used like those of caraway
  • Nitrite -  the radical -NO2 or any compound containing it (such as a salt or ester of nitrous acid)
  • Nitrogen -  a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
  • Nitrous oxide -  inhalation anesthetic used as an anesthetic in dentistry and surgery
  • No -  quantifier; used with either mass s or plural count s for indicating a complete or almost complete lack or zero quantity of;  used to express refusal or denial or disagreement etc or especially to emphasize a negative statement; not in any degree or manner; not at all; referring to the degree to which a certain quality is present;  a negative; a radioactive transuranic element synthesized by bombarding curium with carbon ions; 7 isotopes are known
  • noodle -  a ribbonlike strip of pasta; informal terms for a human head
  • Norfolk -  port city located in southeastern Virginia on the Elizabeth River at the mouth of Chesapeake Bay; headquarters of the Atlantic fleet of the United States Navy
  • North Carolina -  a state in southeastern United States; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the British colonies that formed the United States
  • Nougat -  nuts or fruit pieces in a sugar paste
  • NSW -  the agency that provides units to conduct unconventional and counter-guerilla warfare
  • nt -  an organization concerned to preserve historic monuments and buildings and places of historical interest or natural beauty; founded in 1895 and supported by endowment and private subscription
  • Nutmeg -  hard aromatic seed of the nutmeg tree used as spice when grated or ground; East Indian tree widely cultivated in the tropics for its aromatic seed; source of two spices: nutmeg and mace
  • ny -  a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies
  • Oat -  seed of the annual grass Avena sativa (spoken of primarily in the plural as `oats'); annual grass of Europe and North Africa; grains used as food and fodder (referred to primarily in the plural: `oats')
  • Oatcake -  thin flat unleavened cake of baked oatmeal
  • Oatmeal -  meal made from rolled or ground oats; porridge made of rolled oats
  • oca -  South American wood sorrel cultivated for its edible tubers
  • Oct -  the month following September and preceding November
  • oil -  oil paint containing pigment that is used by an artist; a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water; any of a group of liquid edible fats that are obtained from plants; verb cover with oil, as if by rubbing; administer an oil or ointment to ; often in a religious ceremony of blessing
  • ola -  leaf or strip from a leaf of the talipot palm used in India for writing paper
  • Oleic acid -  a colorless oily liquid occurring as a glyceride; it is the major fatty acid in olive oil and canola oil; used in making soap and cosmetics and ointments and lubricating oils
  • Oleoresin -  a naturally occurring mixture of a resin and an essential oil; obtained from certain plants
  • Oligosaccharide -  any of the carbohydrates that yield only a few monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
  • Omaha -  thoroughbred that won the triple crown in 1935; the Dhegiha dialect spoken by the Omaha; largest city in Nebraska; located in eastern Nebraska on the Missouri river; a major transportation center of the Midwest; a member of the Siouan people formerly living in the Missouri river valley in northeastern Nebraska
  • Omelette -  beaten eggs or an egg mixture cooked until just set; may be folded around e.g. ham or cheese or jelly
  • one -  indefinite in time or position; being a single entity made by combining separate components; used informally as an intensifier; of the same kind or quality; used of a single unit or thing; not two or more; having the indivisible character of a unit; eminent beyond or above comparison;  a single person or thing; the smallest whole number or a numeral representing this number
  • Onion -  an aromatic flavorful bulb; bulbous plant having hollow leaves cultivated worldwide for its rounded edible bulb; edible bulb of an onion plant
  • or -  a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations; a state in northwestern United States on the Pacific
  • Orange -  of the color between red and yellow; similar to the color of a ripe orange;  orange color or pigment; any of a range of colors between red and yellow; round yellow to orange fruit of any of several citrus trees; a river in South Africa that flows generally westward to the Atlantic Ocean; any citrus tree bearing oranges; any pigment producing the orange color
  • Oregano -  aromatic Eurasian perennial; pungent leaves used as seasoning with meats and fowl and in stews and soups and omelets
  • Oregon -  a state in northwestern United States on the Pacific
  • organisation -  the act of forming something; the activity or result of distributing or disposing persons or things properly or methodically; the act of organizing a business or an activity related to a business; an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized; an organized structure for arranging or classifying; a group of people who work together; the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
  • Oryza sativa -  yields the staple food of 50 percent of world's population
  • os -  a mouth or mouthlike opening; rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates; the left eye; (computer science) software that controls the execution of computer programs and may provide various services; a hard brittle blue-grey or blue-black metallic element that is one of the platinum metals; the heaviest metal known
  • oxide -  any compound of oxygen with another element or a radical
  • Oxygen -  a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
  • Oyster -  marine mollusks having a rough irregular shell; found on the sea bed mostly in coastal waters; a small muscle on each side of the back of a fowl; edible body of any of numerous oysters; verb gather oysters, dig oysters
  • p -  the 16th letter of the Roman alphabet; a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms
  • Pa -  an electronic amplification system used as a communication system in public areas; a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies; an informal term for a father; probably derived from baby talk; a unit of pressure equal to one newton per square meter; a short-lived radioactive metallic element formed from uranium and disintegrating into actinium and then into lead
  • Pablum -  a soft form of cereal for infants; worthless or oversimplified ideas
  • Paddy field -  an irrigated or flooded field where rice is grown
  • Paella -  saffron-flavored dish made of rice with shellfish and chicken
  • Palm oil -  oil from nuts of oil palms especially the African oil palm
  • Palmitic acid -  a saturated fatty acid that is the major fat in meat and dairy products
  • Pant -  the noise made by a short puff of steam (as from an engine); a short labored intake of breath with the mouth open; (usually in the plural) a garment extending from the waist to the knee or ankle, covering each leg separately; verb breathe noisily, as when one is exhausted; utter while panting, as if out of breath
  • Papain -  a proteolytic enzyme obtained from the unripe papaya; used as a meat tenderizer
  • Papaver somniferum -  southwestern Asian herb with greyish leaves and white or reddish flowers; source of opium
  • Papaverine -  an alkaloid medicine (trade name Kavrin) obtained from opium; used to relax smooth muscles; it is nonaddictive
  • Paraffin wax -  from crude petroleum; used for candles and for preservative or waterproof coatings
  • Parfait -  layers of ice cream and syrup and whipped cream
  • Paris -  the capital and largest city of France; and international center of culture and commerce; a town in northeastern Texas; (Greek mythology) the prince of Troy who abducted Helen from her husband Menelaus and provoked the Trojan War; sometimes placed in subfamily Trilliaceae
  • Parsley -  aromatic herb with flat or crinkly leaves that are cut finely and used to garnish food; annual or perennial herb with aromatic leaves
  • Pasta -  shaped and dried dough made from flour and water and sometimes egg; a dish that contains pasta as its main ingredient
  • Pasta salad -  a salad having any of various pastas as the base
  • Pastil -  a medicated lozenge used to soothe the throat
  • Pastrami -  highly seasoned cut of smoked beef
  • pastry -  any of various baked foods made of dough or batter; a dough of flour and water and shortening
  • Pasty -  resembling paste in color; pallid; having the sticky properties of an adhesive;  (usually used in the plural) one of a pair of adhesive patches worn to cover the nipples of exotic dancers and striptease performers; small meat pie or turnover
  • Patchouli -  a heavy perfume made from the patchouli plant; small East Indian shrubby mint; fragrant oil from its leaves is used in perfumes
  • Pavlova -  Russian ballerina (1882-1931)
  • PayDay -  the day on which you receive pay for your work
  • Pea soup -  a thick soup made of dried peas (usually made into a puree); a heavy thick yellow fog
  • Peach sauce -  for Chinese dishes: peach preserves and chutney
  • Peanut -  of little importance or influence or power; of minor status;  pod of the peanut vine containing usually 2 nuts or seeds; `groundnut' and `monkey nut' are British terms; a young child who is small for his age; widely cultivated American plant cultivated in tropical and warm regions; showy yellow flowers on stalks that bend over to the soil so that seed pods ripen underground; underground pod of the peanut vine
  • Peanut oil -  a oil from peanuts; used in cooking and making soap
  • Pear -  sweet juicy gritty-textured fruit available in many varieties; Old World tree having sweet gritty-textured juicy fruit; widely cultivated in many varieties
  • Pearl millet -  tall grass having cattail like spikes; grown in Africa and Asia for its grain and in the United States chiefly for forage; sometimes used in making beer
  • Pease pudding -  a pudding made with strained split peas mixed with egg
  • Pecan pie -  pie made of pecans and sugar and corn syrup and butter and eggs
  • Pectin -  any of various water-soluble colloidal carbohydrates that occur in ripe fruit and vegetables; used in making fruit jellies and jams
  • Pelargonium graveolens -  any of several southern African geraniums having fragrant three-lobed to five-lobed leaves and pink flowers
  • Pennisetum glaucum -  tall grass having cattail like spikes; grown in Africa and Asia for its grain and in the United States chiefly for forage; sometimes used in making beer
  • Pennsylvania -  a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the British colonies that formed the United States; a university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • pepper -  sweet and hot varieties of fruits of plants of the genus Capsicum; pungent seasoning from the berry of the common pepper plant of East India; use whole or ground; climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripe; southern India and Sri Lanka; naturalized in northern Burma and Assam; any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers; verb attack and bombard with or as if with missiles; add pepper to
  • Pepper steak -  strips of steak sauteed with green peppers and onions; steak covered with crushed peppercorns pan-broiled and served with brandy-and-butter sauce
  • Peppermint -  a candy flavored with peppermint oil; herb with downy leaves and small purple or white flowers that yields a pungent oil used as a flavoring; red gum tree of Tasmania
  • perfumery -  the art of making perfumes; an establishment where perfumes are made; store where perfumes are sold; perfumes in general
  • Perilla -  small genus of Asiatic herbs
  • Pesto -  a sauce typically served with pasta; contains crushed basil leaves and garlic and pine nuts and Parmesan cheese in olive oil
  • Pheasant under glass -  a dish of roast pheasant served in a manner characteristic of expensive restaurants
  • Phytolacca americana -  tall coarse perennial American herb having small white flowers followed by blackish-red berries on long drooping racemes; young fleshy stems are edible; berries and root are poisonous
  • pi -  the 16th letter of the Greek alphabet; the ratio of the circumference to the diameter of a circle; approximately equal to 3.14159265358979323846...; an antiviral drug used against HIV; interrupts HIV replication by binding and blocking HIV protease; often used in combination with other drugs; the scientist in charge of an experiment or research project; someone who can be employed as a detective to collect information
  • Pic -  a picture of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material; a form of entertainment that enacts a story by a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement
  • Piccalilli -  relish of chopped pickled cucumbers and green peppers and onion
  • Pickled herring -  herring preserved in a pickling liquid (usually brine or vinegar)
  • Pilaf -  rice cooked in well-seasoned broth with onions or celery and usually poultry or game or shellfish and sometimes tomatoes
  • Pine tar -  a dark viscous substance obtained from the destructive distillation of pine wood
  • Pink Lady -  a cocktail made of gin and brandy with lemon juice and grenadine shaken with an egg white and ice
  • Pinole -  meal made of finely ground corn mixed with sugar and spices
  • Piper cubeba -  tropical southeast Asian shrubby vine bearing spicy berrylike fruits
  • Piperine -  derived from pepper (especially black pepper); source of the hotness of black and white pepper
  • Pipturus albidus -  Hawaiian tree of genus Pipturus having a bark (tapa) from which tapa cloth is made
  • Pistacia lentiscus -  an evergreen shrub of the Mediterranean region that is cultivated for its resin
  • Pizza -  Italian open pie made of thin bread dough spread with a spiced mixture of e.g. tomato sauce and cheese
  • plant -  a living organism lacking the power of locomotion; buildings for carrying on industrial labor; something planted secretly for discovery by another; an actor situated in the audience whose acting is rehearsed but seems spontaneous to the audience; verb put firmly in the mind; place something or someone in a certain position in order to secretly observe or deceive; put or set (seeds, seedlings, or plants) into the ground; place into a river; fix or set securely or deeply; set up or lay the groundwork for
  • Plantago major -  common European perennial naturalized worldwide; a troublesome weed
  • plantain -  starchy banana-like fruit; eaten (always cooked) as a staple vegetable throughout the tropics; a banana tree bearing hanging clusters of edible angular greenish starchy fruits; tropics and subtropics; any of numerous plants of the genus Plantago; mostly small roadside or dooryard weeds with elliptic leaves and small spikes of very small flowers; seeds of some used medicinally
  • Plenty -  as much as necessary;  a full supply; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent
  • Ploughman's lunch -  a meal consisting of a sandwich of bread and cheese and a salad
  • Plum sauce -  for Chinese dishes: plum preserves and chutney
  • po -  a European river; flows into the Adriatic Sea; an independent agency of the federal government responsible for mail delivery (and sometimes telecommunications) between individuals and businesses in the United States; a noncommissioned officer in the navy with a rank comparable to sergeant in the army; a radioactive metallic element that is similar to tellurium and bismuth; occurs in uranium ores but can be produced by bombarding bismuth with neutrons in a nuclear reactor
  • Poi -  Hawaiian dish of taro root pounded to a paste and often allowed to ferment
  • Poke -  tall coarse perennial American herb having small white flowers followed by blackish-red berries on long drooping racemes; young fleshy stems are edible; berries and root are poisonous; (boxing) a blow with the fist; a sharp hand gesture (resembling a blow); a bag made of paper or plastic for holding customer's purchases; someone who takes more time than necessary; someone who lags behind; verb make a hole by poking; stir by poking; poke or thrust abruptly; hit hard with the hand, fist, or some heavy instrument; search or inquire in a meddlesome way
  • Pole -  a long (usually round) rod of wood or metal or plastic; one of the two ends of a magnet where the magnetism seems to be concentrated; a long fiberglass sports implement used for pole vaulting; one of two divergent or mutually exclusive opinions; one of two antipodal points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects the Earth's surface; one of two points of intersection of the Earth's axis and the celestial sphere; a native or inhabitant of Poland; a contact on an electrical device (such as a battery) at which electric current enters or leaves; a square rod of land; a linear measure of 16.5 feet; verb deoxidize molten metals by stirring them with a wooden pole; support on poles; propel with a pole
  • Polenta -  a thick mush made of cornmeal boiled in stock or water
  • Polo -  a game similar to field hockey but played on horseback using long-handled mallets and a wooden ball; Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)
  • Polonaise -  a woman's dress with a tight bodice and an overskirt drawn back to reveal a colorful underskirt
  • Pomegranate -  large globular fruit having many seeds with juicy red pulp in a tough brownish-red rind; shrub or small tree native to southwestern Asia having large red many-seeded fruit
  • Pone -  cornbread often made without milk or eggs and baked or fried (southern)
  • Popcorn -  small kernels of corn exploded by heat; corn having small ears and kernels that burst when exposed to dry heat
  • Poppy seed -  small grey seed of a poppy flower; used whole or ground in baked items
  • Pork -  meat from a domestic hog or pig; a legislative appropriation designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents
  • Porridge -  soft food made by boiling oatmeal or other meal or legumes in water or milk until thick
  • Posset -  sweet spiced hot milk curdled with ale or beer
  • Pot liquor -  the liquid in which vegetables or meat have be cooked
  • Pot roast -  cut of beef suitable for simmering in liquid in a closed pot
  • Potassium alum -  a white crystalline double sulfate of aluminum: the potassium double sulfate of aluminum
  • Potassium carbonate -  a white salt (K2CO3) that is basic in solution; used to make glass and cleansing agents
  • Potassium chloride -  salt of potassium (KCl) (trade names K-Dur 20, Kaochlor and K-lor and Klorvess and K-lyte); taken in tablet form to treat potassium deficiency
  • Potassium ferrocyanide -  a cyanide compound that is prepared by the reaction of potassium cyanide with ferrous salts; commonly used by gardeners
  • Potassium iodide -  a crystalline salt in organic synthesis and in making photographic emulsions and in iodized table salt
  • Potato chip -  a thin crisp slice of potato fried in deep fat
  • Potato salad -  any of various salads having chopped potatoes as the base
  • powder -  any of various cosmetic or medical preparations dispensed in the form of a pulverized powder; a solid substance in the form of tiny loose particles; a solid that has been pulverized; a mixture of potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur in a 75:15:10 ratio which is used in gunnery, time fuses, and fireworks; verb apply powder to; make into a powder by breaking up or cause to become dust
  • Powdery mildew -  any of various fungi of the genus Erysiphe producing powdery conidia on the host surface
  • Preservative -  tending or having the power to preserve;  a chemical compound that is added to protect against decay or decomposition
  • preserves -  fruit preserved by cooking with sugar
  • Propane -  colorless gas found in natural gas and petroleum; used as a fuel
  • Propionic acid -  a liquid fatty acid found in milk and sweat and in fuel distillates
  • Propylene glycol -  a sweet colorless, viscous, hygroscopic liquid used as an antifreeze and in brake fluid and also as a humectant in cosmetics and personal care items although it can be absorbed through the skin with harmful effects
  • Propylthiouracil -  a crystalline compound used as an antithyroid drug in the treatment of goiter
  • Psyllium -  plantain of Mediterranean regions whose seeds swell and become gelatinous when moist and are used as a mild laxative
  • pudding -  any of various soft sweet desserts thickened usually with flour and baked or boiled or steamed; (British) the dessert course of a meal (`pud' is used informally); any of various soft thick unsweetened baked dishes
  • Pumpkin pie -  pie made of mashed pumpkin and milk and eggs and sugar
  • Pure -  in a state of sexual virginity; concerned with theory and data rather than practice; opposed to applied; free from discordant qualities; (used of persons or behaviors) having no faults; sinless; free of extraneous elements of any kind; (of color) being chromatically pure; not diluted with white or grey or black; without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers
  • Pyroligneous acid -  a red-brown liquid formed in distillation of wood which contains acetic acid, methanol, acetone, wood oils, and tars
  • Quebec -  the largest province of Canada; a French colony from 1663 to 1759 when it was lost to the British; the French-speaking capital of the province of Quebec; situated on the Saint Lawrence River
  • Quiche -  the Mayan language spoken by the Quiche; a tart filled with rich unsweetened custard; often contains other ingredients (as cheese or ham or seafood or vegetables); a member of the Mayan people of south central Guatemala
  • Quinidine -  cardiac drug (trade names Quinidex and Quinora) used to treat certain heart arrhythmias
  • Quinine -  a bitter alkaloid extracted from chinchona bark; used in malaria therapy
  • Ra -  ancient Egyptian sun god with the head of a hawk; a universal creator; he merged with the god Amen as Amen-Ra to become the king of the gods; (astronomy) the equatorial coordinate specifying the angle, measured eastward along the celestial equator, from the vernal equinox to the intersection of the hour circle that passes through an object in the sky; usually expressed in hours and minutes and seconds; used with declination to specify positions on the celestial sphere; an intensely radioactive metallic element that occurs in minute amounts in uranium ores
  • Racemic acid -  the optically inactive form of tartaric acid that is often found in grape juice
  • Rag -  a boisterous practical joke (especially by college students); a small piece of cloth or paper; a week at British universities during which side-shows and processions of floats are organized to raise money for charities; newspaper with half-size pages; music with a syncopated melody (usually for the piano); verb break into lumps before sorting; play in ragtime; censure severely or angrily; harass with persistent criticism or carping; cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations; treat cruelly
  • Raita -  an Indian side dish of yogurt and chopped cucumbers and spices
  • Rapeseed oil -  edible light yellow to brown oil from rapeseed used also as a lubricant or illuminant
  • Ravioli -  small circular or square cases of dough with savory fillings
  • re -  the syllable naming the second (supertonic) note of any major scale in solmization; ancient Egyptian sun god with the head of a hawk; a universal creator; he merged with the god Amen as Amen-Ra to become the king of the gods; a rare heavy polyvalent metallic element that resembles manganese chemically and is used in some alloys; is obtained as a by-product in refining molybdenum
  • Red -  red with or characterized by blood; of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies; characterized by violence or bloodshed; (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion;  red color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of blood; a tributary of the Mississippi River that flows eastward from Texas along the southern boundary of Oklahoma and through Louisiana; emotionally charged terms used to refer to extreme radicals or revolutionaries; the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue
  • Refried beans -  dried beans cooked and mashed and then fried in lard with various seasonings
  • Relish -  the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth; spicy or savory condiment; vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment; verb derive or receive pleasure from; get enjoyment from; take pleasure in
  • Rendering -  giving in acknowledgment of obligation; perspective drawing of an architect's design; a coat of stucco applied to a masonry wall; the act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic performance; an explanation of something that is not immediately obvious; a written communication in a second language having the same meaning as the written communication in a first language; a performance of a musical composition or a dramatic role etc.
  • res -  a widely distributed system consisting of all the cells able to ingest bacteria or colloidal particles etc, except for certain white blood cells
  • resin -  any of a class of solid or semisolid viscous substances obtained either as exudations from certain plants or prepared by polymerization of simple molecules
  • rg -  a radioactive transuranic element
  • Rhubarb pie -  pie containing diced rhubarb and much sugar
  • ri -  a state in New England; one of the original 13 colonies; the smallest state
  • Riboflavin -  a B vitamin that prevents skin lesions and weight loss
  • Rice -  grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished; United States playwright (1892-1967); English lyricist who frequently worked with Andrew Lloyd Webber (born in 1944); annual or perennial rhizomatous marsh grasses; seed used for food; straw used for paper; verb sieve so that it becomes the consistency of rice
  • Rice paper -  a thin delicate material resembling paper; made from the rice-paper tree
  • Ripper -  a murderer who slashes the victims with a knife
  • rna -  (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell
  • Ro -  an artificial language for international use that rejects all existing words and is based instead on an abstract analysis of ideas
  • Rock -  pitching dangerously to one side; a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter; (figurative) someone who is strong and stable and dependable; United States gynecologist and devout Catholic who conducted the first clinical trials of the oral contraceptive pill (1890-1984); material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; a genre of popular music originating in the 1950s; a blend of Black rhythm-and-blues with White country-and-western; hard bright-colored stick candy (typically flavored with peppermint); verb move back and forth or sideways; cause to move back and forth
  • Rock candy -  sugar in large hard clear crystals on a string; hard bright-colored stick candy (typically flavored with peppermint)
  • Rooibos -  South African shrub having flat acuminate leaves and yellow flowers; leaves are aromatic when dried and used to make an herbal tea
  • Rosa -  large genus of erect or climbing prickly shrubs including roses
  • Rose oil -  a volatile fragrant oil obtained from fresh roses by steam distillation
  • Rose water -  perfume consisting of water scented with oil of roses
  • Roselle -  East Indian sparsely prickly annual herb or perennial subshrub widely cultivated for its fleshy calyxes used in tarts and jelly and for its bast fiber
  • Rosemary -  extremely pungent leaves used fresh or dried as seasoning for especially meats; widely cultivated for its fragrant grey-green leaves used in cooking and in perfumery
  • Rotisserie -  a restaurant that specializes in roasted and barbecued meats; an oven or broiler equipped with a rotating spit on which meat cooks as it turns
  • Roux -  a mixture of fat and flour heated and used as a basis for sauces
  • Rum -  beyond or deviating from the usual or expected;  liquor distilled from fermented molasses; a card game based on collecting sets and sequences; the winner is the first to meld all their cards
  • Rumex scutatus -  low perennial with small silvery-green ovate to hastate leaves
  • Russian dressing -  mayonnaise with horseradish grated onion and chili sauce or catsup; sometimes with caviar added
  • Ruta -  type genus of the Rutaceae; strong-scented Eurasian herbs
  • Ruta graveolens -  European strong-scented perennial herb with grey-green bitter-tasting leaves; an irritant similar to poison ivy
  • Rye -  whiskey distilled from rye or rye and malt; hardy annual cereal grass widely cultivated in northern Europe where its grain is the chief ingredient of black bread and in North America for forage and soil improvement; the seed of the cereal grass
  • Rye bread -  any of various breads made entirely or partly with rye flour
  • s -  the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet; (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work; a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm; the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees; an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions); 1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Sabra -  a native-born Israeli
  • Saccharin -  a crystalline substance 500 times sweeter than sugar; used as a calorie-free sweetener
  • Safflower -  thistlelike Eurasian plant widely grown for its red or orange flower heads and seeds that yield a valuable oil
  • Safflower oil -  oil from seeds of the safflower plant; oil from safflower seeds used as food as well as in medicines and paints
  • Saffron -  dried pungent stigmas of the Old World saffron crocus; Old World crocus having purple or white flowers with aromatic pungent orange stigmas used in flavoring food; a shade of yellow tinged with orange
  • Saga -  a narrative telling the adventures of a hero or a family; originally (12th to 14th centuries) a story of the families that settled Iceland and their descendants but now any prose narrative that resembles such an account
  • Sago -  powdery starch from certain sago palms; used in Asia as a food thickener and textile stiffener
  • Saigon cinnamon -  tropical southeast Asian tree with aromatic bark; yields a bark used medicinally
  • Sake -  a reason for wanting something done; the purpose of achieving or obtaining; Japanese alcoholic beverage made from fermented rice; usually served hot
  • salad -  food mixtures either arranged on a plate or tossed and served with a moist dressing; usually consisting of or including greens
  • Salad cream -  a creamy salad dressing resembling mayonnaise
  • Salami -  highly seasoned fatty sausage of pork and beef usually dried
  • Salat -  the second pillar of Islam is prayer; a prescribed liturgy performed five times a day (preferably in a mosque) and oriented toward Mecca
  • Salisbury -  the capital and largest city of Zimbabwe
  • Salsa -  spicy sauce of tomatoes and onions and chili peppers to accompany Mexican foods
  • Salt -  (of speech) painful or bitter; one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of sea water;  the taste experience when common salt is taken into the mouth; white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food; a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal); negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics opened in 1969 in Helsinki designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons; verb preserve with salt; add zest or liveliness to; sprinkle as if with salt; add salt to
  • Salting -  the act of adding salt to food
  • Salvia -  any of various plants of the genus Salvia; a cosmopolitan herb
  • Salvia officinalis -  shrubby plant with aromatic greyish-green leaves used as a cooking herb
  • Salvia sclarea -  aromatic herb of southern Europe; cultivated in England as a potherb and widely as an ornamental
  • Salvia verbenaca -  Eurasian sage with blue flowers and foliage like verbena; naturalized in United States
  • Samba -  a form of canasta using three decks of cards and six jokers; a lively ballroom dance from Brazil; music composed for dancing the samba; large west African tree having large palmately lobed leaves and axillary cymose panicles of small white flowers and one-winged seeds; yields soft white to pale yellow wood; verb dance the samba
  • Sambar -  a deer of southern Asia with antlers that have three tines
  • Sana -  the capital and largest city of Yemen; on the central plateau
  • Sandwich -  two (or more) slices of bread with a filling between them; verb insert or squeeze tightly between two people or objects; make into a sandwich
  • Santalum album -  parasitic tree of Indonesia and Malaysia having fragrant close-grained yellowish heartwood with insect repelling properties and used, e.g., for making chests
  • Saskatchewan -  one of the three prairie provinces in west central Canada
  • Sauce -  flavorful relish or dressing or topping served as an accompaniment to food; verb add zest or flavor to, make more interesting; dress (food) with a relish; behave saucy or impudently towards
  • Sauerbraten -  pot roast marinated several days in seasoned vinegar before cooking; usually served with potato dumplings
  • Sauerkraut -  shredded cabbage fermented in brine
  • sausage -  highly seasoned minced meat stuffed in casings; a small nonrigid airship used for observation or as a barrage balloon
  • Saussurea costus -  annual herb of the eastern Himalayas (Kashmir) having purple florets and a fragrant root that yields a volatile oil used in perfumery and for preserving furs
  • Scald -  the act of burning with steam or hot water; a burn cause by hot liquid or steam; verb burn with a hot liquid or steam; heat to the boiling point; treat with boiling water; subject to harsh criticism
  • Scampi -  large shrimp sauteed in oil or butter and garlic
  • Schinus molle -  small Peruvian evergreen with broad rounded head and slender pendant branches with attractive clusters of greenish flowers followed by clusters of rose-pink fruits
  • Schmaltz -  (Yiddish) excessive sentimentality in art or music
  • Schmear -  (Yiddish) a batch of things that go together
  • Schnitzel -  deep-fried breaded veal cutlets
  • Scotch broth -  a thick soup made from beef or mutton with vegetables and pearl barley
  • Scotch egg -  hard-cooked egg encased in sausage meat then breaded and deep-fried
  • Scotch woodcock -  creamy scrambled eggs on toast spread with anchovy paste
  • Scouse -  a stew of meat and vegetables and hardtack that is eaten by sailors
  • Scrambled eggs -  eggs beaten and cooked to a soft firm consistency while stirring
  • Scrapple -  scraps of meat (usually pork) boiled with cornmeal and shaped into loaves for slicing and frying
  • Scutellaria lateriflora -  an American mint that yields a resinous exudate used especially formerly as an antispasmodic
  • se -  the compass point midway between south and east; at 135 degrees; a toxic nonmetallic element related to sulfur and tellurium; occurs in several allotropic forms; a stable grey metallike allotrope conducts electricity better in the light than in the dark and is used in photocells; occurs in sulfide ores (as pyrite)
  • Seasoned salt -  combination of salt and vegetable extracts and spices and monosodium glutamate
  • Seasoning -  the act of adding a seasoning to food; something added to food primarily for the savor it imparts
  • Semolina -  milled product of durum wheat (or other hard wheat) used in pasta
  • Senna obtusifolia -  cosmopolitan tropical herb or subshrub with yellow flowers and slender curved pods; a weed; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
  • Sesame -  East Indian annual erect herb; source of sesame seed or benniseed and sesame oil
  • Setaria italica -  coarse drought-resistant annual grass grown for grain, hay and forage in Europe and Asia and chiefly for forage and hay in United States
  • Sharp -  having or made by a thin edge or sharp point; suitable for cutting or piercing; keenly and painfully felt; as if caused by a sharp edge or point; quick and forceful; very sudden and in great amount or degree; raised in pitch by one chromatic semitone; harsh; marked by practical hardheaded intelligence; (of something seen or heard) clearly defined; extremely steep; having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones; having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions; ending in a sharp point;  changing suddenly in direction and degree;  a long thin sewing needle with a sharp point; a musical notation indicating one half step higher than the note named
  • Shellac -  a thin varnish made by dissolving lac in ethanol; used to finish wood; lac purified by heating and filtering; usually in thin orange or yellow flakes but sometimes bleached white; verb cover with shellac
  • Shepherd's pie -  pie of hash covered with mashed potatoes and browned in the oven
  • Shish kebab -  cubes of meat marinated and cooked on a skewer usually with vegetables
  • Shoofly pie -  open pie filled with a mixture of sweet crumbs and molasses
  • Shortcake -  very short biscuit dough baked as individual biscuits or a round loaf; served with sweetened fruit and usually whipped cream
  • Shortening -  act of decreasing in length; fat such as butter or lard used in baked goods
  • Shrub -  a low woody perennial plant usually having several major branches
  • Sideritis -  genus of woolly aromatic herbs or subshrubs or shrubs of Mediterranean region
  • Silicon dioxide -  a white or colorless vitreous insoluble solid (SiO2); various forms occur widely in the earth's crust as quartz or cristobalite or tridymite or lechartelierite
  • Silk -  a fabric made from the fine threads produced by certain insect larvae; fibers from silkworm cocoons provide threads for knitting
  • Silphium -  tall North American perennial herbs
  • Silver -  having the white lustrous sheen of silver; made from or largely consisting of silver; expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively; of lustrous grey; covered with or tinged with the color of silver;  coins made of silver; a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography; silverware eating utensils; a trophy made of silver (or having the appearance of silver) that is usually awarded for winning second place in a competition; a light shade of grey; verb turn silver; make silver in color; coat with a layer of silver or a silver amalgam
  • ski -  narrow wood or metal or plastic runners used in pairs for gliding over snow; verb move along on skis
  • Slider -  a fastball that curves slightly away from the side from which it was thrown; freshwater turtle of United States and South America; frequently raised commercially; some young sold as pets; someone who races the luge; a person who slips or slides because of loss of traction
  • Sloe gin -  gin flavored with sloes (fruit of the blackthorn)
  • Sloppy joe -  ground beef (not a patty) cooked in a spicy sauce and served on a bun
  • Sloppy joe -  ground beef (not a patty) cooked in a spicy sauce and served on a bun
  • Slush -  partially melted snow; verb spill or splash copiously or clumsily; make a splashing sound
  • Sm -  a master's degree in science; a grey lustrous metallic element of the rare earth group; is used in special alloys; occurs in monazite and bastnasite
  • Smetana -  Czech composer (1824-1884)
  • Smoking -  emitting smoke in great volume;  the act of smoking tobacco or other substances; a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • Smothering -  causing difficulty in breathing especially through lack of fresh air and presence of heat
  • sn -  a silvery malleable metallic element that resists corrosion; used in many alloys and to coat other metals to prevent corrosion; obtained chiefly from cassiterite where it occurs as tin oxide
  • So -  in a manner that facilitates; to a very great extent or degree; (usually followed by `that') to an extent or degree as expressed; in such a condition or manner, especially as expressed or implied; to a certain unspecified extent or degree; in the same way; also; in truth (often tends to intensify); subsequently or soon afterward (often used as sentence connectors); in the way indicated;  the syllable naming the fifth (dominant) note of any musical scale in solmization
  • Sodium benzoate -  a white crystalline salt used as a food preservative and antiseptic
  • Sodium bicarbonate -  a white soluble compound (NaHCO3) used in effervescent drinks and in baking powders and as an antacid
  • Sodium carbonate -  a sodium salt of carbonic acid; used in making soap powders and glass and paper
  • Sodium hydroxide -  a strongly alkaline caustic used in manufacturing soap and paper and aluminum and various sodium compounds
  • Sodium nitrate -  (NaNO3) used especially as a fertilizer and explosive
  • Sodium nitrite -  nitrite used to preserve and color food especially in meat and fish products; implicated in the formation of suspected carcinogens
  • Sodium sulfate -  a solid white bitter salt used in manufacturing glass and paper and dyes and pharmaceuticals
  • soft drink -  nonalcoholic beverage (usually carbonated)
  • Sooth -  truth or reality
  • Sop -  a concession given to mollify or placate; piece of solid food for dipping in a liquid; a prescribed procedure to be followed routinely; verb dip into liquid; be or become thoroughly soaked or saturated with a liquid; give a conciliatory gift or bribe to; cover with liquid; pour liquid onto
  • Sorbic acid -  a white crystalline carboxylic acid used as a preservative
  • Sorghum -  made from juice of sweet sorghum; economically important Old World tropical cereal grass; annual or perennial tropical and subtropical cereal grasses: sorghum
  • Sorghum -  made from juice of sweet sorghum; economically important Old World tropical cereal grass; annual or perennial tropical and subtropical cereal grasses: sorghum
  • Sorghum bicolor -  important for human and animal food; growth habit and stem form similar to Indian corn but having sawtooth-edged leaves
  • Sorghum halepense -  tall perennial grass that spreads by creeping rhizomes and is grown for fodder; naturalized in southern United States where it is a serious pest on cultivated land
  • Sorrel -  of a light brownish color;  a horse of a brownish orange to light brown color; large sour-tasting arrowhead-shaped leaves used in salads and sauces; East Indian sparsely prickly annual herb or perennial subshrub widely cultivated for its fleshy calyxes used in tarts and jelly and for its bast fiber; any of certain coarse weedy plants with long taproots, sometimes used as table greens or in folk medicine; any plant or flower of the genus Oxalis
  • soup -  liquid food especially of meat or fish or vegetable stock often containing pieces of solid food; an unfortunate situation; any composition having a consistency suggestive of soup; verb dope (a racehorse)
  • Sour -  smelling of fermentation or staleness; having a sharp biting taste; one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of vinegar or lemons; showing a brooding ill humor; inaccurate in pitch; in an unpalatable state;  the taste experience when vinegar or lemon juice is taken into the mouth; a cocktail made of a liquor (especially whiskey or gin) mixed with lemon or lime juice and sugar; the property of being acidic; verb go sour or spoil; make sour or more sour
  • Sourdough -  a settler or prospector (especially in western United States or northwest Canada and Alaska); a leaven of dough in which fermentation is active; used by pioneers for making bread
  • Soy sauce -  thin sauce made of fermented soy beans
  • Soybean -  most highly proteinaceous vegetable crop known; erect bushy hairy annual herb having trifoliate leaves and purple to pink flowers; extensively cultivated for food and forage and soil improvement but especially for its nutritious oil-rich seeds; native to Asia; a source of oil; used for forage and soil improvement and as food
  • Spearmint -  common garden herb having clusters of small purplish flowers and yielding an oil used as a flavoring
  • Spearmint -  common garden herb having clusters of small purplish flowers and yielding an oil used as a flavoring
  • Spelt -  hardy wheat grown mostly in Europe for livestock feed
  • Sperm oil -  an animal oil found in the blubber of the sperm whale
  • Spice -  any of a variety of pungent aromatic vegetable substances used for flavoring food; aromatic substances of vegetable origin used as a preservative; the property of being seasoned with spice and so highly flavored; verb make more interesting or flavorful; add herbs or spices to
  • Spice Islands -  a group of island in eastern Indonesia between Celebes and New Guinea; settled by the Portuguese but taken by the Dutch who made them the center for a spice monopoly, at which time they were known as Spice Islands
  • Spicery -  the property of being seasoned with spice and so highly flavored
  • Spikenard -  an aromatic ointment used in antiquity
  • spread -  prepared or arranged for a meal; especially having food set out; distributed or spread over a considerable extent; fully extended in width;  act of extending over a wider scope or expanse of space or time; the expansion of a person's girth (especially at middle age); two facing pages of a book or other publication; process or result of distributing or extending over a wide expanse of space; a tasty mixture to be spread on bread or crackers; decorative cover for a bed; farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle); a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two figures; a haphazard distribution in all directions; a meal that is well prepared and greatly enjoyed; verb distribute or disperse widely; become distributed or widespread; distribute over a surface in a layer; cover by spreading something over; strew or distribute over an area; spread across or over; cause to become widely known; become widely known and passed on; spread out or open from a closed or folded state; move outward
  • Spree -  a brief indulgence of your impulses; verb engage without restraint in an activity and indulge, as when shopping
  • Spunk -  the courage to carry on; material for starting a fire
  • Squash -  a game played in an enclosed court by two or four players who strike the ball with long-handled rackets; edible fruit of a squash plant; eaten as a vegetable; any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits; verb to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition
  • Squeeze -  the act of forcing yourself (or being forced) into or through a restricted space; the act of gripping and pressing firmly; a twisting squeeze; (slang) a person's girlfriend or boyfriend; a situation in which increased costs cannot be passed on to the customer; a tight or amorous embrace; an aggressive attempt to compel acquiescence by the concentration or manipulation of power; a state in which there is a short supply of cash to lend to businesses and consumers and interest rates are high; verb press firmly; squeeze or press together; squeeze (someone) tightly in your arms, usually with fondness; squeeze tightly between the fingers; squeeze like a wedge into a tight space; to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition; press or force; obtain by coercion or intimidation; to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city"
  • sse -  the compass point midway between south and southeast
  • Stabiliser -  a device for making something stable
  • Starch -  a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles; verb stiffen with starch
  • Steak -  a slice of meat cut from the fleshy part of an animal or large fish
  • Steak au poivre -  steak covered with crushed peppercorns pan-broiled and served with brandy-and-butter sauce
  • Steak tartare -  ground beef mixed with raw egg and e.g. onions and capers and anchovies; eaten raw
  • Stearic acid -  a waxy saturated fatty acid; occurs widely as a glyceride in animal and vegetable fats
  • Stevens -  United States filmmaker (1905-1975); United States poet (1879-1955); United States psychologist and psychophysicist who proposed Stevens' power law to replace Fechner's law (1906-1973)
  • Stevia -  any plant of the genus Piqueria or the closely related genus Stevia; any plant of the genus Stevia or the closely related genus Piqueria having glutinous foliage and white or purplish flowers; Central and South America
  • Stevia -  any plant of the genus Piqueria or the closely related genus Stevia; any plant of the genus Stevia or the closely related genus Piqueria having glutinous foliage and white or purplish flowers; Central and South America
  • stew -  food prepared by stewing especially meat or fish with vegetables; agitation resulting from active worry; verb cook slowly and for a long time in liquid; bear a grudge; harbor ill feelings; be in a huff; be silent or sullen
  • Stock -  routine; repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse; regularly and widely used or sold;  the merchandise that a shop has on hand; the handle end of some implements or tools; the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun; lumber used in the construction of something; any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers; a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants; persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant; the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity); the reputation and popularity a person has; not used technically; any animals kept for use or profit; an ornamental white cravat; liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces; a special variety of domesticated animals within a species; the descendants of one individual; any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus Malcolmia; a supply of something available for future use; a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation; verb have on hand; provide or furnish with a stock of something; stock up on to keep for future use or sale; supply with livestock; supply with fish; equip with a stock; put forth and grow sprouts or shoots
  • Stork -  large mostly Old World wading birds typically having white-and-black plumage
  • Strychnine -  an alkaloid plant toxin extracted chiefly from nux vomica; formerly used as a stimulant
  • Stuffed peppers -  parboiled green peppers stuffed usually with rice and meat and baked briefly
  • Stuffing -  padding put in mattresses and cushions and upholstered furniture; a mixture of seasoned ingredients used to stuff meats and vegetables
  • Submarine sandwich -  a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States
  • Succinic acid -  a dicarboxylic acid (C4H6O4) active in metabolic processes
  • Succotash -  fresh corn and lima beans with butter or cream
  • Sucrase -  an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose and fructose
  • Sucrose -  a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
  • Sudan -  a region of northern Africa south of the Sahara and Libyan deserts; extends from the Atlantic to the Red Sea; a republic in northeastern Africa on the Red Sea; achieved independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956
  • Suet -  hard fat around the kidneys and loins in beef and mutton
  • Suet pudding -  a sweet or savory pudding made with suet and steamed or boiled
  • Sugar -  a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative; informal terms for money; an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain; verb sweeten with sugar
  • Sugar beet -  white-rooted beet grown as a source of sugar; form of the common beet having a sweet white root from which sugar is obtained
  • Sugar candy -  made by boiling pure sugar until it hardens
  • Sugar Daddy -  a wealthy older man who gives a young person expensive gifts in return for friendship or intimacy
  • Sugarcane -  tall tropical southeast Asian grass having stout fibrous jointed stalks; sap is a chief source of sugar; juicy canes whose sap is a source of molasses and commercial sugar; fresh canes are sometimes chewed for the juice
  • Sugarloaf -  a large conical loaf of concentrated refined sugar
  • Sukiyaki -  thin beef strips (or chicken or pork) cooked briefly at the table with onions and greens and soy sauce
  • Sulfur dioxide -  a colorless toxic gas (SO2) that occurs in the gases from volcanoes; used in many manufacturing processes and present in industrial emissions; causes acid rain
  • Sulfuric acid -  (H2SO4) a highly corrosive acid made from sulfur dioxide; widely used in the chemical industry
  • Sumac -  a shrub or tree of the genus Rhus (usually limited to the non-poisonous members of the genus); wood of a sumac
  • Summer savory -  herb with delicately flavored leaves with many uses; erect annual herb with oval leaves and pink flowers; used to flavor e.g. meats or soups or salads; southeastern Europe and naturalized elsewhere
  • Sushi -  rice (with raw fish) wrapped in seaweed
  • sweet -  pleasing to the senses; (used of wines) having a high residual sugar content; having or denoting the characteristic taste of sugar; having a natural fragrance; not containing or composed of salt water; having a sweet nature befitting an angel or cherub; pleasing to the ear; pleasing to the mind or feeling; with sweetening added; not soured or preserved;  in an affectionate or loving manner (`sweet' is sometimes a poetic or informal variant of `sweetly');  the taste experience when sugar dissolves in the mouth; a food rich in sugar; English phonetician; one of the founders of modern phonetics (1845-1912); the property of tasting as if it contains sugar; a dish served as the last course of a meal
  • Sweet corn -  corn that can be eaten as a vegetable while still young and soft; a corn plant developed in order to have young ears that are sweet and suitable for eating
  • Sweet sorghum -  any of several sorghums cultivated as a source of syrup
  • sweetener -  anything that serves as an enticement; something added to foods to make them taste sweeter
  • Syllabub -  sweetened cream beaten with wine or liquor; spiced hot milk with rum or wine
  • Symphytum officinale -  European herb having small white, pink or purple flowers; naturalized as a weed in North America
  • Syrup -  a thick sweet sticky liquid
  • Tabasco sauce -  very spicy sauce (trade name Tabasco) made from fully-aged red peppers
  • Tabbouleh -  a finely chopped salad with tomatoes and parsley and mint and scallions and bulgur wheat
  • Table salt -  white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food
  • Taco -  a tortilla rolled cupped around a filling; offensive terms for a person of Mexican descent
  • Taffy -  chewy candy of sugar or syrup boiled until thick and pulled until glossy
  • Tagetes patula -  strong-scented bushy annual with orange or yellow flower heads marked with red; Mexico and Guatemala
  • Tahini -  a thick Middle Eastern paste made from ground sesame seeds
  • Talc -  a fine grained mineral having a soft soapy feel and consisting of hydrated magnesium silicate; used in a variety of products including talcum powder; verb apply talcum powder to (one's body)
  • Tall oil -  an oil derived from wood pulp and used in making soaps or lubricants
  • Tallow -  obtained from suet and used in making soap, candles and lubricants
  • Tamale -  corn and cornmeal dough stuffed with a meat mixture then wrapped in corn husks and steamed; a city in northern Ghana
  • Tamarind -  large tropical seed pod with very tangy pulp that is eaten fresh or cooked with rice and fish or preserved for curries and chutneys; long-lived tropical evergreen tree with a spreading crown and feathery evergreen foliage and fragrant flowers yielding hard yellowish wood and long pods with edible chocolate-colored acidic pulp
  • tan -  of a light yellowish-brown color;  a light brown the color of topaz; a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun; ratio of the opposite to the adjacent side of a right-angled triangle; verb get a tan, from wind or sun; treat skins and hides with tannic acid so as to convert them into leather
  • Tanacetum parthenium -  bushy aromatic European perennial herb having clusters of buttonlike white-rayed flower heads; valued traditionally for medicinal uses; sometimes placed in genus Chrysanthemum
  • Tandoor -  a clay oven used in northern India and Pakistan
  • Tannic acid -  any of various complex phenolic substances of plant origin; used in tanning and in medicine
  • Tannin -  any of various complex phenolic substances of plant origin; used in tanning and in medicine
  • Tapenade -  a spread consisting of capers and black olives and anchovies made into a puree with olive oil
  • Tapioca -  granular preparation of cassava starch used to thicken especially puddings
  • Taraxacum -  an asterid dicot genus of the family Compositae including dandelions
  • Taraxacum officinale -  Eurasian plant widely naturalized as a weed in North America; used as salad greens and to make wine
  • Tarragon -  fresh leaves (or leaves preserved in vinegar) used as seasoning; aromatic perennial of southeastern Russia
  • Tartar sauce -  mayonnaise with chopped pickles and sometimes capers and shallots and parsley and hard-cooked egg; sauce for seafood especially fried fish
  • Tartaric acid -  an acid found in many fruits; used in soft drinks and confectionery and baking powder
  • Tate -  United States poet and critic (1899-1979)
  • Tate -  United States poet and critic (1899-1979)
  • Teff -  an African grass economically important as a cereal grass (yielding white flower of good quality) as well as for forage and hay
  • Tempering -  moderating by making more temperate;  hardening something by heat treatment
  • Tetrazzini -  a pasta dish with cream sauce and mushrooms
  • Teucrium scorodonia -  European germander with one-sided racemes of yellow flowers; naturalized in North America
  • Th -  a soft silvery-white tetravalent radioactive metallic element; isotope 232 is used as a power source in nuclear reactors; occurs in thorite and in monazite sands; the fifth day of the week; the fourth working day
  • Theophylline -  a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator
  • Thyme -  leaves can be used as seasoning for almost any meat and stews and stuffings and vegetables; any of various mints of the genus Thymus
  • Thymol -  a colorless crystalline solid used in perfume or preserving biological specimens or in embalming or medically as a fungicide or antiseptic
  • Thymus -  large genus of Old World mints: thyme; a ductless glandular organ at the base of the neck that produces lymphocytes and aids in producing immunity; atrophies with age
  • Thymus serpyllum -  aromatic dwarf shrub common on banks and hillsides in Europe; naturalized in United States
  • Thymus vulgaris -  common aromatic garden perennial native to the western Mediterranean; used in seasonings and formerly as medicine
  • Ti -  the syllable naming the seventh (subtonic) note of any musical scale in solmization; shrub with terminal tufts of elongated leaves used locally for thatching and clothing; thick sweet roots are used as food; tropical southeastern Asia, Australia and Hawaii; a light strong grey lustrous corrosion-resistant metallic element used in strong lightweight alloys (as for airplane parts); the main sources are rutile and ilmenite
  • Tibet -  an Asian country under the control of China; located in the Himalayas
  • Tilia cordata -  large spreading European linden with small dark green leaves; often cultivated as an ornamental
  • Tilletia caries -  fungus that destroys kernels of wheat by replacing them with greasy masses of smelly spores
  • Tin -  a silvery malleable metallic element that resists corrosion; used in many alloys and to coat other metals to prevent corrosion; obtained chiefly from cassiterite where it occurs as tin oxide; airtight sealed metal container for food or drink or paint etc.; metal container for storing dry foods such as tea or flour; verb prepare (a metal) for soldering or brazing by applying a thin layer of solder to the surface; plate with tin; preserve in a can or tin
  • Tipsy cake -  a trifle soaked in wine and decorated with almonds and candied fruit
  • Tiramisu -  an Italian dessert consisting of layers of sponge cake soaked with coffee and brandy or liqueur layered with mascarpone cheese and topped with grated chocolate
  • Titanium dioxide -  a white powder used as a pigment for its high covering power and durability
  • Toast -  slices of bread that have been toasted; a celebrity who receives much acclaim and attention; a drink in honor of or to the health of a person or event; a person in desperate straits; someone doomed; verb propose a toast to; make brown and crisp by heating
  • Tocopherol -  a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • Toddy -  a mixed drink made of liquor and water with sugar and spices and served hot
  • Toffee -  caramelized sugar cooled in thin sheets
  • Tofu -  cheeselike food made of curdled soybean milk
  • Tom -  male cat; contemptuous name for a Black man who is abjectly servile and deferential to Whites; male turkey
  • Tomato sauce -  sauce made with a puree of tomatoes (or strained tomatoes) with savory vegetables and other seasonings; can be used on pasta
  • tortilla -  thin unleavened pancake made from cornmeal or wheat flour
  • Tostada -  a crisp flat tortilla; a flat tortilla with various fillings piled on it
  • Tracker -  someone who tracks down game
  • Tragacanth -  a gum used in pharmacy, adhesives, and textile printing
  • Treacle -  an expression that is excessively sweet and sentimental; a pale cane syrup
  • Trichloroethane -  a heavy colorless highly toxic liquid used as a solvent to clean electronic components and for dry cleaning and as a fumigant; causes cancer and liver and lung damage
  • Trifle -  sponge cake spread with jam and soaked in wine; served with a custard sauce; something of small importance; a detail that is considered insignificant; verb consider not very seriously; act frivolously; waste time; spend one's time idly or inefficiently
  • Tripe -  lining of the stomach of a ruminant (especially a bovine) used as food; nonsensical talk or writing
  • Trisodium phosphate -  the tertiary phosphate of sodium used as a builder in soaps and detergents
  • Triticum -  annual cereal grasses from Mediterranean area; widely cultivated in temperate regions
  • Triticum aestivum -  widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties for its commercially important grain
  • Triticum dicoccum -  hard red wheat grown especially in Russia and Germany; in United States as stock feed
  • Triticum durum -  wheat with hard dark-colored kernels high in gluten and used for bread and pasta; grown especially in southern Russia, North Africa, and northern central North America
  • tt -  a country scattered over Micronesia with a constitutional government in free association with the United States; achieved independence in 1986; a republic in the western central Pacific Ocean in association with the United States; (astronomy) a measure of time defined by Earth's orbital motion; terrestrial time is mean solar time corrected for the irregularities of the Earth's motions
  • Tung oil -  a yellow oil obtained from the seeds of the tung tree
  • Turbatrix aceti -  minute eelworm that feeds on organisms that cause fermentation in e.g. vinegar
  • Turmeric -  ground dried rhizome of the turmeric plant used as seasoning; widely cultivated tropical plant of India having yellow flowers and a large aromatic deep yellow rhizome; source of a condiment and a yellow dye
  • Turtle soup -  soup usually made of the flesh of green turtles
  • Tussilago -  genus of low creeping yellow-flowered perennial herbs of north temperate regions: coltsfoots; in some classifications includes species often placed in other genera especially Homogyne and Petasites
  • Tutti-frutti -  ice cream containing chopped candied fruits
  • uda -  the major Protestant paramilitary group in Northern Ireland; responsible for bombing the homes of Catholics and for criminal racketeering and selling drugs
  • Ulmus rubra -  North American elm having rough leaves that are red when opening; yields a hard wood
  • Uncle Sam -  a personification of the United States government
  • unit -  a single undivided whole; an organization regarded as part of a larger social group; a single undivided natural thing occurring in the composition of something else; an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole; an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity; any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange
  • United States -  North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776; the executive and legislative and judicial branches of the federal government of the United States
  • Upfield -  away from the defending teams' end of the playing field
  • Urea -  the chief solid component of mammalian urine; synthesized from ammonia and carbon dioxide and used as fertilizer and in animal feed and in plastics
  • Ustilago maydis -  a common smut attacking Indian corn causing greyish white swellings that rupture to expose a black spore mass
  • Vanilla -  plain and without any extras or adornments; flavored with vanilla extract;  a distinctive fragrant flavor characteristic of vanilla beans; a flavoring prepared from vanilla beans macerated in alcohol (or imitating vanilla beans); any of numerous climbing plants of the genus Vanilla having fleshy leaves and clusters of large waxy highly fragrant white or green or topaz flowers
  • Vanilla extract -  a flavoring prepared from vanilla beans macerated in alcohol (or imitating vanilla beans)
  • Vanillin -  a crystalline compound found in vanilla beans and some balsam resins; used in perfumes and flavorings
  • Vegetable oil -  any of a group of liquid edible fats that are obtained from plants
  • Verbascum thapsus -  tall-stalked very woolly mullein with densely packed yellow flowers; ancient Greeks and Romans dipped the stalks in tallow for funeral torches
  • Vichyssoise -  a creamy potato soup flavored with leeks and onions; usually served cold
  • vila -  capital of Vanuatu
  • Vinaigrette -  oil and vinegar with mustard and garlic
  • Vinegar -  sour-tasting liquid produced usually by oxidation of the alcohol in wine or cider and used as a condiment or food preservative; dilute acetic acid
  • Vitamin C -  a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • Vitamin E -  a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • vodka -  unaged colorless liquor originating in Russia
  • Vol-au-vent -  puff paste shell filled with a savory meat mixture usually with a sauce
  • Waldorf salad -  typically made of apples and celery with nuts or raisins and dressed with mayonnaise
  • Wasabi -  the thick green root of the wasabi plant that the Japanese use in cooking and that tastes like strong horseradish; in powder or paste form it is often eaten with raw fish; a Japanese plant of the family Cruciferae with a thick green root
  • Watercress -  of a moderate yellow-green color that is greener and deeper than moss green and yellower and darker than pea green;  cresses that grow in clear ponds and streams; any of several water-loving cresses
  • Welsh rarebit -  cheese melted with ale or beer served over toast
  • Whale oil -  a white to brown oil obtained from whale blubber; formerly used as an illuminant
  • Wheat -  grains of common wheat; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as cereal; usually ground into flour; annual or biennial grass having erect flower spikes and light brown grains
  • Wheat -  grains of common wheat; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as cereal; usually ground into flour; annual or biennial grass having erect flower spikes and light brown grains
  • Wheat beer -  a general name for beers made from wheat by top fermentation; usually very pale and cloudy and effervescent
  • Wheat berry -  a grain of wheat; grains of common wheat; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as cereal; usually ground into flour
  • Wheat germ -  embryo of the wheat kernel; removed before milling and eaten as a source of vitamins
  • White-bread -  of or belonging to or representative of the white middle class
  • White-hot -  intensely zealous or fervid; glowing white with heat
  • White mustard -  Eurasian mustard cultivated for its pungent seeds; a source of table mustard and mustard oil
  • White rice -  having husk or outer brown layers removed
  • Whole wheat flour -  flour made by grinding the entire wheat berry including the bran; (`whole meal flour' is British usage)
  • Wild rice -  grains of aquatic grass of North America; perennial aquatic grass of North America bearing grain used for food
  • Wine sauce -  white or veloute sauce with wine and stock variously seasoned with onions and herbs; for fish or meat
  • Winter savory -  resinous leaves used in stews and stuffings and meat loaf; erect perennial subshrub having pink or white flowers and leathery leaves with a flavor of thyme; southern Europe
  • Wintergreen -  spicy red berrylike fruit; source of wintergreen oil; any of several evergreen perennials of the genus Pyrola; creeping shrub of eastern North America having white bell-shaped flowers followed by spicy red berrylike fruit and shiny aromatic leaves that yield wintergreen oil
  • Worker -  sterile member of a colony of social insects that forages for food and cares for the larvae; a person who works at a specific occupation; a person who acts and gets things done; a member of the working class (not necessarily employed)
  • Wrap -  cloak that is folded or wrapped around a person; a sandwich in which the filling is rolled up in a soft tortilla; the covering (usually paper or cellophane) in which something is wrapped; verb arrange or fold as a cover or protection; wrap or coil around; enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering
  • Yeast -  any of various single-celled fungi that reproduce asexually by budding or division; a commercial leavening agent containing yeast cells; used to raise the dough in making bread and for fermenting beer or whiskey
  • Yellow -  of the color intermediate between green and orange in the color spectrum; of something resembling the color of an egg yolk; cowardly or treacherous; changed to a yellowish color by age; easily frightened; affected by jaundice which causes yellowing of skin etc; typical of tabloids;  yellow color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of sunflowers or ripe lemons; verb turn yellow
  • Yerba buena -  trailing perennial evergreen herb of northwestern United States with small white flowers; used medicinally
  • Yorkshire pudding -  light puffy bread made of a puff batter and traditionally baked in the pan with roast beef
  • Zanthoxylum -  deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs: prickly ash
  • Zea mays -  tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times
  • Zeaxanthin -  yellow carotenoid (isomeric with lutein and occurs widely with it) that is the main pigment in yellow Indian corn
  • Zest -  a tart spicy quality; vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment; verb add herbs or spices to
  • Zingiber -  tropical Asiatic and Polynesian perennial plants: ginger
  • Zizania aquatica -  perennial aquatic grass of North America bearing grain used for food


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