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Journal (/ˈdʒɜːrnəl/), from the Old French jurnal, is a record of events, ideas, or notes arranged in chronological order. It is often used in the context of medicine and healthcare to refer to a regular record of medical research, case studies, and reviews.


The term "journal" originates from the Old French jurnal, which means 'daily'. It was first used in English in the late 14th century to refer to a book of daily accounts or transactions. The modern sense of a 'periodical dedicated to a particular subject' emerged in the early 18th century.

Medical Journals

In the field of medicine, a Medical Journal is a scholarly periodical aimed at scientists and medical practitioners. It publishes articles that have been peer-reviewed to ensure they meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each issue of a journal, usually published monthly or quarterly, contains different types of articles like research articles, review articles, case reports, and editorials.

Some of the most prestigious medical journals include the New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, and the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Related Terms

  • Peer Review: The process by which an author's peers, recognized researchers in the field, read and evaluate a paper submitted for publication.
  • Case Report: A detailed report of the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient.
  • Editorial: An article in a publication expressing the opinion of its editors or publishers.
  • Review Article: A review article is a secondary surveys and summarizes previously published studies, rather than reporting new facts or analysis.

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