Cancer research

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Cancer Research

Cancer research (/ˈkænsər rɪˈsɜːrtʃ/) is a field of medical research dedicated to the study and understanding of cancer, with the aim of discovering new ways to prevent, diagnose, and treat this disease.


The term "cancer" comes from the Latin cancer meaning "crab", due to the crab-like appearance of the cut surface of a solid malignant tumour. The term "research" is derived from the Old French recherche, meaning "to seek out".


Cancer research encompasses a wide range of studies, including cell biology, genetics, epigenetics, oncology, immunology, and pharmacology. Researchers aim to understand the mechanisms that cause cancer, identify potential risk factors, and develop effective treatments and preventive strategies.

Related Terms

  • Oncology: The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.
  • Carcinogenesis: The formation of a cancer, whereby normal cells are transformed into cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: A type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
  • Radiation therapy: Therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells.
  • Immunotherapy: A type of cancer treatment designed to boost the body's natural defenses to fight the cancer.

See Also

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