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Broccoli and cross section edit.jpg
SpeciesBrassica oleracea
Cultivar groupitalica
OriginItaly, more than 2,000 years ago[1][2]

Broccoli is a leafy green plant with branched green undeveloped flower heads; It is a plant with dense clusters of tight green flower buds.

Why broccoli is considered one of the healthiest?

  1. Broccoli is considered one of the healthiest vegetables rich in many essential nutrients and vitamins such as iron, calcium, vitamin A, vitamin C, fiber and is relatively low in carbohydrates.
  2. Broccoli is low in calories is considered low on glycemic load.
  3. It is also fat and cholesterol free.
  4. Broccoli contains the phytonutrient (plant nutrient) sulforaphane (pronounced: sul-for a-fain) which has been shown in some studies to reduce risk of cancer. Broccoli can be mixed with a variety of foods. It can be used as a soup, salad, flavoring for grains, or even as a main dish.

Selecting and Storing Broccoli

  • Broccoli is available all year.
  • In some markets the florets (tops) of the broccoli are sold without the stalk.
  • Look for: Firm, tightly bunched florets Florets should be dark green, sage green, or even greenish purple Stems should not be too thick or too tough
  • Avoid: Open buds or yellow flowers Yellowish green color Wilted or limp broccoli Soft, slippery, water-soaked spots on buds Storage Place unwashed broccoli in a plastic bag.
  • Keep the broccoli in the vegetable crisper of the refrigerator.
  • It will keep in the refrigerator for up to 4 days.
  • Cooked leftovers may be refrigerated for 2 to 3 days in a tightly covered container.

Varieties of Broccoli

The most common type of broccoli sold in the U.S. is called sprouting, or Italian green, broccoli.

Ketometer two - preferred

Keto scale Broccoli

W8MD's Ketometer rating scale zero to 10.

  • Lower the number, better it is on a keto or low carb diet
  • Net carbs is calculated by total carbohydrates minus fiber

Also see carb counter


  • Another name for this type of broccoli is Calabrese. This name came from the Italian province of Calabria, where it was first grown.
  • Sprouting broccoli has light-green stalks. Umbrella-shaped groups of purplish-green florets top the stalks.
  • Sprouting Broccoli
  • Broccolini This type is a cross between broccoli and Chinese kale.
  • Broccoflower This type is a cross between broccoli and cauliflower. This broccoli comes in a single large head. Broccoflower is a light green, which is a mix of the white

cauliflower and dark green broccoli.

Broccoli sprouts

  1. Broccoli sprouts are a good source of sulforaphane.
  2. These tend to be expensive.
  3. Mix them with other vegetables to keep costs low.
Keto meter two - keto friendly
Keto meter two - keto friendly

Keto friendliness of Broccoli

Broccoli has low net carbs, low glycemic index and is considered very keto friendly.

Interesting facts about Broccoli

  • Are you aware that broccoli is a cruciferous vegetable and member of the cabbage family? (Cruciferous vegetables help prevent cancer.)
  • Are you aware that there are different vegetables closely related to broccoli? (Broccolini, a cross between broccoli and kale; Broccoflower, a cross between broccoli and cauliflower; Broccoli Raab, long leafy stalks topped with small florets that look like broccoli.)
Broccoli salad
Broccoli salad
  • Are you aware that that over the last 25 years broccoli consumption has increased by over 940%?
  • Are you aware that broccoli has as much calcium, ounce per ounce, as milk?
  • Are you aware that that the average person in the United States today, eats 4 ½ pounds of broccoli per year?
Vegan kreme of broccoli soup
Vegan kreme of broccoli soup

Broccoli facts

  1. Broccoli florets, which are purplish or dark green, contain more vitamin C than paler ones? (Vitamin C is needed by the body to Form collagen in bones, cartilage, muscle, and blood vessels, and aids in the absorption of iron.)
  2. If you cut an “X” in the bottom of each fresh stalk of broccoli it will cook more evenly? (The broccoli florets tend to cook quicker than the stalks; therefore, cutting an “x” in each stalk helps them cook quicker.)
  3. If a broccoli head was not picked when the flowers were still compact, that the flower buds would open as bright yellow flowers?
  4. There are over 30,000 broccoli plants can be grown on one acre of land?

Keto friendly broccoli recipes

  1. Tofu and Broccoli
  2. Keto Creamy Broccoli with Bacon
  3. Broccoli cheese casserole
  4. Top keto friendly broccoli recipes
  5. Low carb broccoli side dishes
  6. Recipes
  7. More recipes of Broccoli
  8. Broccoli
Portion 100 g
Fiber, total dietary 2.4 g
Calcium, Ca 46 mg
Iron, Fe 0.69 mg
Vitamin A, IU 8mcg IU
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 31 mg
Protein 2.57 g
Total lipid (fat) 2.57 g
Carbohydrate, by difference 6.27 g
Energy 31 calories kcal
Sugars, total including NLEA 1.4 g
Cholesterol NA mg
Sodium, Na 36 mg
Fatty acids, total saturated 0.039 g

Nutritional information on Broccoli

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NB:Carbohydrate, by difference(total carbs-fiber) is also called net carbs

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