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Sacramento (sækɹəˈmɛntoʊ)

Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County. It is at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in the northern portion of California's expansive Central Valley.


The name Sacramento comes from the Spanish "sacramento", referring to the Roman Catholic concept of the Eucharist and the sacrament therein. The city was named after the Sacramento River, which was itself named by Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga after the Sacraments of the Catholic Church.

Related Terms

  • California: The U.S. state in which Sacramento is located.
  • Sacramento River: A major river in Northern California, after which the city of Sacramento is named.
  • American River: A river in the Sierra Nevada of the U.S. state of California, joining the Sacramento River as it flows through Sacramento.
  • Central Valley (California): A large, flat valley that dominates the geographical center of the U.S. state of California. It is home to many of California's most productive agricultural efforts.
  • Sacramento County: A county in the U.S. state of California, of which Sacramento is the county seat.

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