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Medical (pronunciation: /ˈmɛdɪkəl/), from the Latin medicus meaning "physician", is a term that pertains to the science and practice of medicine. It involves the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans.


The term "medical" comes from the Latin word medicus, which means "physician". Medicus itself is derived from mederi, meaning "to heal, cure". The term was first used in English in the 14th century.

Related Terms

  • Medicine: The science and practice of diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases and injuries.
  • Physician: A professional who practices medicine.
  • Disease: A particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of all or part of an organism.
  • Illness: A state of being sick or unhealthy.
  • Injury: Damage to the body caused by external force.
  • Diagnosis: The identification of the nature and cause of a certain phenomenon.
  • Treatment: Management and care of a patient to combat, ameliorate, or prevent a disease, disorder, or injury.
  • Prevention: Measures taken to prevent diseases or injuries.
  • Impairment: A loss of normal function of part of the body.

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