Ikaria Study

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The Ikaria Study is a small-scale survey by the University of Athens School of Medicine of the diet and lifestyle of Greek people over age 80 on the island of Ikaria.[1] The study found that the Ikarian diet includes olive oil, red wine, fish, coffee, herbal tea, honey, potatoes, garbanzo beans, black-eyed peas, lentils, and a limited amount of meat, sugar and dairy products, except goat milk.[1]

The data showed that people on Ikaria were reaching the age of 90 at 2.5 times the rate Americans do, and that Ikarian men are almost four times as likely as American men to reach age 90.[1]


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1. Chrysohoou C, Tsitsinakis G, Siassos G, Psaltopoulou T, Galiatsatos N, Metaxa V, Lazaros G, Miliou A, Giakoumi E, Mylonakis C, Zaromytidou M, Economou E,Triantafyllou G, Pitsavos C, Stefanadis C. Fish Consumption Moderates Depressive Symptomatology in Elderly Men and Women from the IKARIA Study. Cardiol Res Pract. 2010 Dec 15;2011:219578 2. Panagiotakos DB, Chrysohoou C, Siasos G, Zisimos K, Skoumas J, Pitsavos C,Stefanadis C. Sociodemographic and lifestyle statistics of oldest old people (>80 years) living in ikaria island: the ikaria study. Cardiol Res Pract. 2011 Feb24;2011:679187. PubMed PMID 21403883 3. Chrysohoou C, Psaltopoulou T, Panagiotakos D, Pitsavos C, Lazaros G, Skoumas J, Oikonomou E, Poulidakis E, Striggou M, Stefanadis C. Aortic elastic properties and cognitive function in elderly individuals: The Ikaria Study. Maturitas. 2012 Dec 19. doi:pii: S0378-5122(12)00379-9. 10.1016/j.maturitas.2012.11.010. PubMed PMID 23265302. 4 Stefanadis CI. Unveiling the secrets of longevity: the Ikaria study. Hellenic J Cardiol. 2011 Sep-Oct;52(5):479-80. 5 Christina Chrysohoou, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, John Skoumas, George Lazaros, Evangelos Oikonomou, Nikos Galiatsatos, Marina Striggou, Maria Xynogala, Christodoulos Stefanadis. Long term fish intake preserves kidney function in elderly individuals: the IKARIA study Journal of Renal Nutrition 2012doi:pii: S1051-2276(12)00181-1. 10.1053/j.jrn.2012.09.002 6 Christina Chrysohoou, John Skoumas, Evangelos Oikonomou, Dimitris Tsiachris, Vasiliki Metaxa,Stavroula Lagoudakou, John Felekos, Constadina Masoura, Stavroula Athanassopoulou, Hara Kosyfa, Christos Pitsavos, Christodoulos Stefanadis, Aortic artery distensibility shows inverse correlation with heart rate variability in elderly non-hypertensive, cardiovascular disease free individuals. The IKARIA Study.Heart and Vessels 2012 PubMed PMID: 22810210. 7 Christina Chrysohoou, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Christos Pitsavos, George Lazaros, John Skoumas, Evagellos Oikonomou, Emanouel Poulidakis, Marina Striggou, Christodoulos Stefanadis. Aortic elastic properties and cognitive function in elderly individuals: the Ikaria Study. Maturitas 2012 8Christina Chrysohoou, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Christos Pitsavos, Gerasimos Siasos, Evangelos Oikonomou, John Varlas, Athanasios Patialakas, George Lazaros, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Marina Zaromitidou, Polina Kourkouti, Dimitris Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis. Low total testosterone levels are associated with metabolic syndrome in elderly men: the role of body weight, lipids, insulin resistance and inflammation; the Ikaria Study Review of Diabetic Studies (RDS) 2013 9 Gerasimos Siasos, Evangelos Oikonomou, Christina Chrysohoou, Dimitris Tousoulis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Marina Zaromitidou, Konstantinos Zisimos, Eleni Kokkou, Georgios Marinos, Athanasios G Papavassiliou, Christos Pitsavos and Christodoulos Stefanadis Consumption of a boiled Greek type of coffee is associated with improved endothelial function: The Ikaria Study Vacsular Medicine 2013 DOI: 10.1177/1358863X13480258 10. Chrysohoou C, Skoumas J, Pitsavos C, Masoura C, Siasos G, Galiatsatos N, Psaltopoulou T, Mylonakis C, Margazas A, Kyvelou S, Mamatas S, Panagiotakos D, Stefanadis C. Long-term adherence to the Mediterranean diet reduces the prevalence of hyperuricaemia in elderly individuals, without known cardiovascular disease: the Ikaria study. Maturitas. 2011 Sep;70(1):58-64. /See also: BBC World TV and domestic BBC TV, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-20924967 • ABC NEWS 31/3/2013 http://abcnews.go.com/Health/answers-places-people-live-longest/story?id=18838734#.UVmnJRcvn5s - NYTimes: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/26/science/on-one-greek-island-a-caffeinated-secret-to-long-life.html?ref=science&_r=0

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