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IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)

IPA or International Phonetic Alphabet is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association in the late 19th century as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language.


IPA is pronounced as /aɪ piː eɪ/ in English.


The term "International Phonetic Alphabet" is derived from the International Phonetic Association, a group of linguists who first developed the system in the late 19th century. The word "phonetic" comes from the Greek word "phonetikos", meaning "vocal", and "alphabet" is derived from the Greek words "alpha" and "beta", the first two letters of the Greek alphabet.

Related Terms

  • Phonetics: The study of the physical sounds of human speech.
  • Phonology: The study of the way sounds function in particular languages or languages in general.
  • Orthography: The conventional spelling system of a language.
  • Transcription (linguistics): The systematic representation of language in written form.
  • Diacritic: A glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.

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