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Hemiparesis (pronounced heh-mee-puh-REE-sis) is a medical condition that affects one side of the body due to damage in the opposite side of the brain. The term is derived from the Greek words 'hemi' meaning 'half' and 'paresis' meaning 'weakness'.


Hemiparesis is a condition characterized by weakness or the inability to move one side of the body. It is often caused by stroke, trauma, tumors, or cerebral palsy. The severity of hemiparesis can vary from person to person, with some individuals experiencing only minor weakness, while others may lose the ability to move the affected side of the body completely.


Symptoms of hemiparesis can include weakness on one side of the body, difficulty with fine motor skills, and problems with balance and coordination. Other symptoms may include difficulty walking, impaired speech (dysarthria), and difficulty swallowing (dysphagia).


Treatment for hemiparesis typically involves physical therapy, occupational therapy, and sometimes speech therapy. Medications may also be used to manage symptoms and prevent further damage to the brain. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat the underlying cause of the hemiparesis.

Related Terms

  • Hemiplegia: A more severe form of hemiparesis, where one side of the body is paralyzed.
  • Paraparesis: Weakness affecting both legs.
  • Quadriparesis: Weakness affecting all four limbs.

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