Emergency care

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Emergency care

Emergency care (pronunciation: /ɪˈmɜːdʒənsi keər/) is the immediate and unscheduled medical attention provided to individuals with acute illnesses or injuries that require immediate attention.


The term "emergency" originates from the Latin word "emergere" which means "to arise, bring to light". The term "care" comes from the Old English "caru" or "cearu", meaning "sorrow, anxiety, grief", which later evolved to mean "charge, oversight, attention or heed with a view to safety or protection".

Related Terms

  • Acute care: A branch of secondary health care where a patient receives active but short-term treatment for a severe injury or episode of illness, an urgent medical condition, or during recovery from surgery.
  • Critical care: Also known as intensive care, is a branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions that may require sophisticated life support and monitoring.
  • Triage: The process of determining the priority of patients' treatments based on the severity of their condition.
  • Trauma center: Specialized healthcare facilities dedicated to treating severe injuries such as traumatic brain injuries and gunshot wounds.
  • Emergency Department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medical and surgical care to patients arriving at the hospital in need of immediate care.

See also

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