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Bradyphrenia (pronounced: bray-dee-fren-ee-uh) is a medical term that refers to a condition characterized by slowness of thought and a reduction in mental agility.


The term "Bradyphrenia" is derived from the Greek words "bradys" meaning slow, and "phren" meaning mind.


Bradyphrenia is a neuropsychiatric symptom characterized by a noticeable slowing down in the speed of thought. It is often associated with various neurological and psychiatric disorders such as Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, and dementia. Individuals with bradyphrenia may have difficulty with cognitive tasks that require speed or mental flexibility.


Symptoms of bradyphrenia can include difficulty in initiating and sustaining thought, reduced speed in mental activities, and difficulty in understanding complex information. It can also lead to a reduction in verbal fluency and can affect an individual's ability to engage in conversation.


Diagnosis of bradyphrenia is typically made through a combination of clinical observation and neuropsychological testing. Tests may assess cognitive speed, attention, and mental flexibility.


Treatment for bradyphrenia often involves addressing the underlying condition that is causing the symptom. This may include medication, cognitive therapy, or other interventions depending on the specific condition.

Related Terms

  • Cognition: The mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.
  • Neuropsychiatry: A branch of medicine that deals with mental disorders attributable to diseases of the nervous system.
  • Parkinson's disease: A long-term degenerative disorder of the nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
  • Schizophrenia: A mental disorder characterized by abnormal behavior, strange speech, and a decreased ability to understand reality.
  • Dementia: A broad category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember.

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