Takayasu's arteritis

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Takayasu arteritis is a condition that causes inflammation of the main blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body (aorta) and its associated branched blood vessels.

As a result of the inflammation, the blood vessel walls become thick and make it difficult for blood to flow. Over time, impaired blood flow causes damage to the heart and various other organs of the body.  Although the cause remains unknown, Takayasu arteritis appears to be an autoimmune condition, in which cells that fight infection and disease are wrongly targeted against the body's own tissues. Symptoms   This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.

Diagnosis

Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.

Treatment

The treatment of Takayasu arteritis is focused on controlling both the inflammatory process and hypertension.

Treatment options might include: 

  • corticosteroids,
  • medications that block the activity of interkeukin-6 (iL-6 receptor inhibitors),
  • medications that impair the activity of B-lymphocyets (B-cell depletion),
  • medications that are toxic to cells (cytotoxic agents),
  • medications that block the activity of tumor necrosis factor (anti-tumornecrosis factor agents), and 
  • antihypertensive agents.

Lifestyle modification including exercise and diet might additionally be recommended.

Rheumatologic diseases

Arthritis is often used to refer to any disorder that affects the joints. Rheumatic diseases usually affect joints, tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles. Arthritis is often used to refer to any disorder that affects the joints. Rheumatologic diseases usually affect joints, tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles.

Connective Tissue Diseases
Rheumatology and Connective Tissue Diseases
* Ankylosing spondylitis * Arthritis
* Arthritis and Rheumatic diseases * Autoimmune diseases
* Autoinflammatory diseases * Behçet’s disease
* Bursitis * Giant cell arteritis
* Gout * Juvenile arthritis
* Knee problems * Lupus
* Osteoarthritis * Polymyalgia rheumatica
* Psoriatic arthritis * Reactive arthritis
* Rheumatoid arthritis * Scleroderma
* Sjögren’s syndrome * Systemic lupus erythematosus (Lupus)
* Tendinitis * Rheumatologic diseases
* Glossary of rheumatology terms


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