Psychiatry

From WikiMD

Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to diagnosing, preventing, and treating mental disorders.[1][2] These include various maladaptations related to mood, behavior, cognition, and perceptions. See glossary of psychiatry.

Psychiatric assessment of a person typically begins with a case history and mental status examination. Physical examinations and psychological tests may be conducted. Neuroimaging or other neurophysiological techniques may also be used.[3] Mental disorders are often diagnosed under clinical concepts listed in diagnostic manuals. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is edited and used by the World Health Organization (WHO). The widely used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). The fifth edition of the DSM (DSM-5) was published in 2013. It included more up-to-date research[4] and re-organized the larger categories of various diseases.

Nowadays, psychiatric treatment usually involves a combination of psychiatric medication and psychotherapy.[5] Modern practice also includes a wide variety of other modalities. These include assertive community treatment, community reinforcement, and supported employment. Treatment depends on the severity of functional impairment or other aspects of the disorder. It may be delivered on an inpatient or outpatient basis. An inpatient may be treated in a psychiatric hospital. Research and treatment within psychiatry as a whole are conducted on an interdisciplinary basis (e.g., with epidemiologists, mental health counselors, nurses, psychologists, public health specialists, radiologists or social workers).

Etymology

The word psyche comes from the ancient Greek for soul or butterfly.[6] The fluttering insect appears in the coat of arms of Britain's Royal College of Psychiatrists[7]

The term "psychiatry" was first coined by the German physician Johann Christian Reil in 1808 and literally means the 'medical treatment of the soul' (psych- "soul" from Ancient Greek psykhē "soul"; -iatry "medical treatment" from Gk. iātrikos "medical" from iāsthai "to heal"). A medical doctor specializing in psychiatry is a psychiatrist. (For a historical overview, see Timeline of psychiatry.)

Common terms used in psychiatry

  • aberdeen - noun a city in northeastern Scotland on the North Sea; a town in northeastern Maryland; a town in northeastern South Dakota; a town in western Washington
  • abnormality - noun behavior that breaches the rule or etiquette or custom or morality; marked strangeness as a consequence of being abnormal; retardation sufficient to fall outside the normal range of intelligence; an abnormal condition
  • abreaction - noun (psychoanalysis) purging of emotional tensions
  • absorption - noun (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid; (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium; the mental state of being preoccupied by something; complete attention; intense mental effort; the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
  • abstinence - noun act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite; the trait of abstaining (especially from alcohol)
  • abulia - noun a loss of will power
  • academic - adj. hypothetical or theoretical and not expected to produce an immediate or practical result; marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects; associated with academia or an academy; noun an educator who works at a college or university
  • acathexis - noun (psychoanalysis) a lack of cathexis; a condition in which significant objects or memories arouse no emotion in an individual
  • accepted - adj. generally approved or compelling recognition; generally agreed upon; not subject to dispute; widely accepted as true or worthy; widely or permanently accepted; generally accepted or used; judged to be in conformity with approved usage
  • accused - noun a defendant in a criminal proceeding
  • acedia - noun apathy and inactivity in the practice of virtue (personified as one of the deadly sins)
  • acting out - noun (psychiatry) the display of previously inhibited emotions (often in actions rather than words); considered to be healthy and therapeutic; a (usually irritating) impulsive and uncontrollable outburst by a problem child or a neurotic adult
  • actor - noun a theatrical performer; a person who acts and gets things done
  • addiction - noun (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master; an abnormally strong craving; being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • admission - noun the act of admitting someone to enter; an acknowledgment of the truth of something; the fee charged for admission
  • adoration - noun the worship given to God alone; the act of admiring strongly; a feeling of profound love and admiration
  • adrenaline - noun a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • advocate - noun a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea; a lawyer who pleads cases in court; verb speak, plead, or argue in favour of; push for something
  • affection - noun a positive feeling of liking
  • affliction - noun a cause of great suffering and distress; a condition of suffering or distress due to ill health; a state of great suffering and distress due to adversity
  • aggression - noun violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked; deliberately unfriendly behavior; the act of initiating hostilities; a disposition to behave aggressively; a feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack
  • agoraphobia - noun a morbid fear of open spaces (as fear of being caught alone in some public place)
  • albatross - noun large web-footed birds of the southern hemisphere having long narrow wings; noted for powerful gliding flight; (figurative) something that hinders or handicaps
  • albert - noun prince consort of Queen Victoria of England (1819-1861)
  • album - noun a book of blank pages with pockets or envelopes; for organizing photographs or stamp collections etc; one or more recordings issued together; originally released on 12-inch phonograph records (usually with attractive record covers) and later on cassette audio tape and compact disc
  • alcohol - noun a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent; any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • alcoholism - noun habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms; an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • alienist - noun a psychiatrist and specialist in the legal aspects of mental illness
  • alive - adj. capable of erupting; possessing life; (often followed by `with') full of life and spirit; (followed by `to' or `of') aware of; having life or vigor or spirit; (usually followed by `to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive; in operation
  • allotment - noun the act of distributing by allotting or apportioning; distribution according to a plan; a share set aside for a specific purpose
  • aloft - adv. in the higher atmosphere above the earth; at or to great height; high up in or into the air; upward; at or on or to the masthead or upper rigging of a ship
  • alphabetical - adj. arranged in order according to the alphabet; relating to or expressed by a writing system that uses an alphabet
  • altruism - noun the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others
  • always - adv. at all times; all the time and on every occasion; forever; throughout all time; at any time or in any event; seemingly without interruption; often and repeatedly
  • amnesia - noun partial or total loss of memory
  • amphetamine - noun a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
  • amplification - noun (electronics) the act of increasing voltage or power or current; addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail; the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input
  • amygdala - noun an almond-shaped neural structure in the anterior part of the temporal lobe of the cerebrum; intimately connected with the hypothalamus and the hippocampus and the cingulate gyrus; as part of the limbic system it plays an important role in motivation and emotional behavior
  • anal stage - noun (psychoanalysis) the second sexual and social stage of a child's development during which bowel control is learned
  • angel - noun the highest waterfall; has more than one leap; flow varies seasonally; spiritual being attendant upon God; invests in a theatrical production; person of exceptional holiness
  • angst - noun an acute but unspecific feeling of anxiety; usually reserved for philosophical anxiety about the world or about personal freedom
  • anhedonia - noun an inability to experience pleasure
  • anomic aphasia - noun inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects
  • anonymous - adj. having no known name or identity or known source; not known or lacking marked individuality
  • anorgasmia - noun absence of an orgasm in sexual relations
  • anthropology - noun the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings
  • anthropometry - noun measurement and study of the human body and its parts and capacities
  • antichrist - noun (Christianity) the adversary of Christ (or Christianity) mentioned in the New Testament; the Antichrist will rule the world until overthrown by the Second Coming of Christ
  • anticipation - noun something expected (as on the basis of a norm); pleasurable expectation; wishing with confidence of fulfillment; the act of predicting (as by reasoning about the future)
  • antidepressant - noun any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
  • antipsychotic - noun tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • anxiety - noun a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune; a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • anxiolytic - adj. anxiety relieving; noun a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability
  • apathy - noun the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally; an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
  • aphasia - noun inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
  • aquarius - noun the eleventh sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about January 20 to February 18; a zodiacal constellation in the southern hemisphere; between Capricornus and Pisces; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Aquarius
  • arcadia - noun a department of Greece in the central Peloponnese
  • archetype - noun an original model on which something is patterned
  • arena - noun a playing field where sports events take place; the central area of an ancient Roman amphitheater where contests and spectacles were held; especially an area that was strewn with sand; a large structure for open-air sports or entertainments; a particular environment or walk of life
  • arousal - noun the act of arousing; awakening from sleep; a state of heightened physiological activity; mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse
  • arrow - noun a projectile with a straight thin shaft and an arrowhead on one end and stabilizing vanes on the other; intended to be shot from a bow; a mark to indicate a direction or relation
  • arsonist - noun a criminal who illegally sets fire to property
  • aruba - noun a popular island resort in the Netherlands Antilles
  • astraphobia - noun a morbid fear of thunder and lightning
  • asylum - noun a hospital for mentally incompetent or unbalanced person; a shelter from danger or hardship
  • attention - noun a courteous act indicating affection; a motionless erect stance with arms at the sides and feet together; assumed by military personnel during drill or review; the faculty or power of mental concentration; the process whereby a person concentrates on some features of the environment to the (relative) exclusion of others; a general interest that leads people to want to know more; the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something
  • attention span - noun the length of time you can concentrate on some idea or activity
  • august - adj. profoundly honored; of or befitting a lord; noun the month following July and preceding September
  • aura - noun an indication of radiant light drawn around the head of a saint; a sensation (as of a cold breeze or bright light) that precedes the onset of certain disorders such as a migraine attack or epileptic seizure; a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing
  • australia - noun a nation occupying the whole of the Australian continent; aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years ago; first Europeans were British convicts sent there as a penal colony; the smallest continent; between the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean
  • author - noun someone who originates or causes or initiates something; writes (books or stories or articles or the like) professionally (for pay); verb be the author of
  • autism - noun (psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
  • averroes - noun Arabian philosopher born in Spain; wrote detailed commentaries on Aristotle that were admired by the Schoolmen (1126-1198)
  • awkward - adj. not at ease socially; unsure and constrained in manner; causing inconvenience; hard to deal with; especially causing pain or embarrassment; not elegant or graceful in expression; lacking grace or skill in manner or movement or performance; difficult to handle or manage especially because of shape
  • baby - noun a project of personal concern to someone; a very young mammal; (slang) sometimes used as a term of address for attractive young women; the youngest member of a group (not necessarily young); a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk; an immature childish person; verb treat with excessive indulgence
  • baker - noun someone who bakes bread or cake; someone who bakes commercially
  • banks - noun English botanist who accompanied Captain Cook on his first voyage to the Pacific Ocean (1743-1820)
  • barbarian - adj. without civilizing influences; noun a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking culture or refinement; a member of an uncivilized people
  • barber - noun a hairdresser who cuts hair and shaves beards as a trade; United States composer (1910-1981); verb perform the services of a barber: cut the hair and/or beard of
  • baseball - noun a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; a ball used in playing baseball
  • batman - noun an orderly assigned to serve a British military officer
  • beck - noun a beckoning gesture
  • bedlam - noun pejorative terms for an insane asylum; a state of extreme confusion and disorder
  • begging - noun a solicitation for money or food (especially in the street by an apparently penniless person)
  • behavior - noun manner of acting or controlling yourself; (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation; the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances; (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  • belgrade - noun capital and largest city of Serbia and Montenegro; situated on the Danube
  • bell - noun a hollow device made of metal that makes a ringing sound when struck; the flared opening of a tubular device; the sound of a bell being struck; United States inventor (born in Scotland) of the telephone (1847-1922); English painter; sister of Virginia Woolf; prominent member of the Bloomsbury Group (1879-1961); a phonetician and father of Alexander Graham Bell (1819-1905); the shape of a bell; (nautical) each of the eight half-hour units of nautical time signaled by strokes of a ship's bell; eight bells signals 4:00, 8:00, or 12:00 o'clock, either a.m. or p.m.; a percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned bells that are struck with a hammer; used as an orchestral instrument; a push button at an outer door that gives a ringing or buzzing signal when pushed; verb attach a bell to
  • benedict - noun Italian monk who founded the Benedictine order about 540 (480-547); United States anthropologist (1887-1948); a newly married man (especially one who has long been a bachelor)
  • benevolence - noun an act intending or showing kindness and good will; an inclination to do kind or charitable acts; disposition to do good
  • benjamin rush - noun physician and American Revolutionary leader; signer of the Declaration of Independence (1745-1813)
  • benjamin spock - noun United States pediatrician whose many books on child care influenced the upbringing of children around the world (1903-1998)
  • benny - noun United States comedian known for his timeing and delivery and self-effacing humor (1894-1974); East Indian annual erect herb; source of sesame seed or benniseed and sesame oil
  • betrayal - noun the quality of aiding an enemy; an act of deliberate betrayal
  • bibliomania - noun preoccupation with the acquisition and possession of books
  • billy mitchell - noun United States aviator and general who was an early advocate of military air power (1879-1936)
  • biofeedback - noun a training program in which a person is given information about physiological processes (heart rate or blood pressure) that is not normally available with the goal of gaining conscious control of them
  • birmingham - noun a city in central England; 2nd largest English city and an important industrial and transportation center; the largest city in Alabama; located in northeastern Alabama
  • black - adj. marked by anger or resentment or hostility; of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin; extremely dark; being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light; (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood; soiled with dirt or soot; dressed in black; (of coffee) without cream or sugar; (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin; stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable; (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame; offering little or no hope; (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading; harshly ironic or sinister; distributed or sold illicitly; noun black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning); (board games) the darker pieces; the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white); a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa); popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928); British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799); total absence of light; verb make or become black
  • black-and-blue - adj. discolored by coagulation of blood beneath the skin
  • black swan - noun large Australian swan having black plumage and a red bill
  • blackout - noun a momentary loss of consciousness; the failure of electric power for a general region; darkness resulting from the extinction of lights (as in a city invisible to enemy aircraft); a suspension of radio or tv broadcasting; partial or total loss of memory
  • bleeder - noun someone who has hemophilia and is subject to uncontrollable bleeding
  • blind alley - noun (figurative) a course of action that is unproductive and offers no hope of improvement; a street with only one way in or out
  • blindfold - adj. wearing a blindfold; noun a cloth used to cover the eyes; verb cover the eyes of (someone) to prevent him from seeing
  • bloch - noun United States composer (born in Switzerland) who composed symphonies and chamber music and choral music and a piano sonata and an opera (1880-1959)
  • blogger - noun a person who keeps and updates a blog
  • bloodline - noun ancestry of a purebred animal; the descendants of one individual
  • boulevard - noun a wide street or thoroughfare
  • bourguignon - noun reduced red wine with onions and parsley and thyme and butter
  • boy wonder - noun an extremely talented young male person
  • boyhood - noun the childhood of a boy
  • brain - noun that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord; mental ability; the brain of certain animals used as meat; that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality; verb kill by smashing someone's skull; hit on the head
  • brainstorm - noun the clear (and often sudden) understanding of a complex situation; verb try to solve a problem by thinking intensely about it
  • brainwashing - noun forcible indoctrination into a new set of attitudes and beliefs
  • break up - verb laugh unrestrainedly; cause to separate; break or cause to break into pieces; come apart; separate (substances) into constituent elements or parts; come to an end; bring the association of to an end or cause to break up; close at the end of a session; cause to go into a solution; make a break in; release ice; attack with or as if with a pickaxe of ice or rocky ground, for example; set or keep apart; break violently or noisily; smash; destroy the completeness of a set of related items; take apart into its constituent pieces; suffer a nervous breakdown; to cause to separate and go in different directions; discontinue an association or relation; go different ways
  • bring - verb bring into a different state; induce or persuade; go or come after and bring or take back; be accompanied by; cause to come into a particular state or condition; cause to happen or to occur as a consequence; attract the attention of; take something or somebody with oneself somewhere; advance or set forth in court; be sold for a certain price; bestow a quality on
  • broadcaster - noun a mechanical device for scattering something (seed or fertilizer or sand etc.) in all directions; someone who broadcasts on radio or television
  • broken - adj. physically and forcibly separated into pieces or cracked or split; (especially of promises or contracts) having been violated or disregarded; not continuous in space, time, or sequence or varying abruptly; lacking a part or parts; discontinuous; out of working order (`busted' is an informal substitute for `broken'); destroyed financially; weakened and infirm; thrown into a state of disarray or confusion; imperfectly spoken or written; subdued or brought low in condition or status; topographically very uneven; tamed or trained to obey
  • brotherhood - noun the feeling that men should treat one another like brothers; people engaged in a particular occupation; the kinship relation between a male offspring and the siblings; an organization of employees formed to bargain with the employer
  • brown - adj. (of skin) deeply suntanned; of a color similar to that of wood or earth; noun an orange of low brightness and saturation; abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858); Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773-1858); a university in Rhode Island; verb fry in a pan until it changes color
  • browne - noun United States writer of humorous tales of an itinerant showman (1834-1867); English illustrator of several of Dickens' novels (1815-1882)
  • buffalo bill - noun United States showman famous for his Wild West Show (1846-1917)
  • bullying - adj. noisily domineering; tending to browbeat others; noun the act of intimidating a weaker person to make them do something
  • burgh - noun a borough in Scotland
  • burns - noun celebrated Scottish poet (1759-1796); United States comedian and film actor (1896-1996)
  • buspirone - noun a drug (trade name BuSpar) designed specifically for anxiety
  • buss - noun the act of caressing with the lips (or an instance thereof); verb touch with the lips or press the lips (against someone's mouth or other body part) as an expression of love, greeting, etc.
  • butterfly - noun a swimming stroke in which the arms are thrown forward together out of the water while the feet kick up and down; diurnal insect typically having a slender body with knobbed antennae and broad colorful wings; verb cut and spread open, as in preparation for cooking; flutter like a butterfly; talk or behave amorously, without serious intentions
  • cage - noun an enclosure made or wire or metal bars in which birds or animals can be kept; the net that is the goal in ice hockey; United States composer of avant-garde music (1912-1992); something that restricts freedom as a cage restricts movement; a movable screen placed behind home base to catch balls during batting practice; verb confine in a cage
  • cake - noun a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); made from or based on a mixture of flour and sugar and eggs; small flat mass of chopped food; verb form a coat over
  • caligula - noun Roman Emperor who succeeded Tiberius and whose uncontrolled passions resulted in manifest insanity; noted for his cruelty and tyranny; was assassinated (12-41)
  • canvas - noun a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents); the mat that forms the floor of the ring in which boxers or professional wrestlers compete; an oil painting on canvas fabric; the setting for a narrative or fictional or dramatic account; a tent made of canvas fabric; a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel; verb cover with canvas; consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning; get the opinions (of people) by asking specific questions; solicit votes from potential voters in an electoral campaign
  • captive - adj. giving or marked by complete attention to; in captivity; noun an animal that is confined; a person held in the grip of a strong emotion or passion; a person who is confined; especially a prisoner of war
  • captivity - noun the state of being imprisoned; the state of being a slave
  • carefree - adj. cheerfully irresponsible; free of trouble and worry and care
  • careful - adj. exercising caution or showing care or attention; with care and dignity; mindful of the future in spending money; cautiously attentive; full of cares or anxiety
  • carl jung - noun Swiss psychologist (1875-1961)
  • carnage - noun the savage and excessive killing of many people
  • carpenter - noun a woodworker who makes or repairs wooden objects; verb work as a carpenter
  • carved - adj. made for or formed by carving (`carven' is archaic or literary)
  • case study - noun a detailed analysis of a person or group from a social or psychological or medical point of view; a careful study of some social unit (as a corporation or division within a corporation) that attempts to determine what factors led to its success or failure
  • caseworker - noun someone employed to provide social services (especially to the disadvantaged)
  • cassandra - noun (Greek mythology) a prophetess in Troy during the Trojan War whose predictions were true but were never believed
  • casual - adj. hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough; marked by blithe unconcern; not showing effort or strain; suited for everyday use; without or seeming to be without plan or method; offhand; occuring from time to time; natural and unstudied; characterized by a feeling of irresponsibility; occurring or appearing or singled out by chance
  • catalepsy - noun a trancelike state with loss of voluntary motion and failure to react to stimuli
  • catastrophe - noun a sudden violent change in the earth's surface; a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune; an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
  • catatonia - noun extreme tonus; muscular rigidity; a common symptom in catatonic schizophrenia; a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
  • catharsis - noun (psychoanalysis) purging of emotional tensions; purging the body by the use of a cathartic to stimulate evacuation of the bowels
  • cathexis - noun (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object
  • celebrant - noun an officiating priest celebrating the Eucharist; a person who is celebrating
  • cerebral palsy - noun a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth
  • chandelier - noun branched lighting fixture; often ornate; hangs from the ceiling
  • changeling - noun a child secretly exchanged for another in infancy; a person of subnormal intelligence
  • character - noun (genetics) an attribute (structural or functional) that is determined by a gene or group of genes; the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions; an actor's portrayal of someone in a play; a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability; a written symbol that is used to represent speech; a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities); good repute; a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something; an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story); verb engrave or inscribe characters on
  • charisma - noun a personal attractiveness or interestingness that enables you to influence others
  • charity - noun an activity or gift that benefits the public at large; a kindly and lenient attitude toward people; an institution set up to provide help to the needy; a foundation created to promote the public good (not for assistance to any particular individuals); pinnate-leaved European perennial having bright blue or white flowers
  • chatroom - noun a site on the internet where a number of users can communicate in real time (typically one dedicated to a particular topic)
  • cheating - adj. violating accepted standards or rules; not faithful to a spouse or lover; noun a deception for profit to yourself
  • chewing gum - noun a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing; a gum prepared for chewing; sweetened and flavored
  • child's play - noun activity by children that is guided more by imagination than by fixed rules; any undertaking that is easy to do
  • child abuse - noun the physical or emotional or sexual mistreatment of children
  • chlorine - noun a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
  • chronicle - noun a record or narrative description of past events; verb record in chronological order; make a historical record
  • civilized - adj. having a high state of culture and development both social and technological; marked by refinement in taste and manners
  • clanging - adj. having a loud resonant metallic sound
  • clarity - noun free from obscurity and easy to understand; the comprehensibility of clear expression; the quality of clear water
  • claustrophobia - noun a morbid fear of being closed in a confined space
  • clean - adj. free of drugs; free from clumsiness; precisely or deftly executed; not carrying concealed weapons; (of a record) having no marks of discredit or offense; free from dirt or impurities; or having clean habits; (of behavior or especially language) free from objectionable elements; fit for all observers; not spreading pollution or contamination; especially radioactive contamination; ritually clean or pure; thorough and without qualification; exhibiting or calling for sportsmanship or fair play; (of a manuscript) having few alterations or corrections; morally pure; without difficulties or problems; free from impurities; (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims; free of restrictions or qualifications; (of a surface) not written or printed on; free from sepsis or infection; adv. completely; used as intensifiers; in conformity with the rules or laws and without fraud or cheating; noun a weightlift in which the barbell is lifted to shoulder height and then jerked overhead; verb remove unwanted substances from, such as feathers or pits; remove shells or husks from; remove while making clean; make clean by removing dirt, filth, or unwanted substances from; remove all contents or possession from, or empty completely; deprive wholly of money in a gambling game, robbery, etc.; be cleanable; clean one's body or parts thereof, as by washing; remove unwanted substances from; clean and tidy up the house
  • cleaver - noun a butcher's knife having a large square blade
  • clonidine - noun an antihypertensive (trade name Catapres) that can be administered orally or via transdermal patches
  • closure - noun termination of operations; a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive incomplete objects as complete and to close or fill gaps and to perceive asymmetric stimuli as symmetric; a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body; approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap; the act of blocking; an obstruction in a pipe or tube; something settled or resolved; the outcome of decision making; verb terminate debate by calling for a vote
  • clozapine - noun an antipsychotic drug (trade name Clozaril) used as a sedative and for treatment-resistant schizophrenia; know to have few side effects
  • clyde - noun a river in western Scotland that flows from the southern uplands into the Firth of Clyde; navigable by oceangoing vessels as far as Glasgow
  • coding - noun act of writing in code or cipher
  • coercion - noun the act of compelling by force of authority; using force to cause something
  • cognition - noun the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
  • cognitive - adj. of or being or relating to or involving cognition
  • colorful - adj. having striking color; striking in variety and interest; having color or a certain color; sometimes used in combination
  • coma - noun a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness; usually the result of disease or injury; (astronomy) the luminous cloud of particles surrounding the frozen nucleus of a comet; forms as the comet approaches the sun and is warmed; a usually terminal tuft of hairs especially on a seed
  • comedian - noun a professional performer who tells jokes and performs comical acts; an actor in a comedy
  • comer - noun someone with a promising future; someone who arrives (or has arrived)
  • comfort food - noun food that is simply prepared and gives a sense of wellbeing; typically food with a high sugar or carbohydrate content that is associated with childhood or with home cooking
  • committed - adj. bound or obligated, as under a pledge to a particular cause, action, or attitude; associated in an exclusive sexual relationship
  • compensation - noun something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury); (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that conceals your undesirable shortcomings by exaggerating desirable behaviors; the act of compensating for service or loss or injury
  • competence - noun the quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually
  • complex - adj. complicated in structure; consisting of interconnected parts; noun a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts; (psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior; a compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated; a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
  • comstock - noun United States reformer who led moral crusades against art and literature that he considered obscene (1844-1915)
  • concept - noun an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
  • concussion - noun any violent blow; injury to the brain caused by a blow; usually resulting in loss of consciousness
  • condensation - noun (psychoanalysis) an unconscious process whereby two ideas or images combine into a single symbol; especially in dreams; a shortened version of a written work; atmospheric moisture that has condensed because of cold; the process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid state; the act of increasing the density of something; the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together
  • confabulation - noun (psychiatry) a plausible but imagined memory that fills in gaps in what is remembered; an informal conversation
  • confidence - noun a secret that is confided or entrusted to another; a feeling of trust (in someone or something); a trustful relationship; a state of confident hopefulness that events will be favorable; freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities
  • confusion - noun a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended; a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior; a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused; disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
  • connecticut - noun a New England state; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the British colonies that formed the United States; a river in the northeastern United States; flows south from northern New Hampshire along the border between New Hampshire and Vermont and through Massachusetts and Connecticut where it empties into Long Island Sound
  • consciousness - noun an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation; having knowledge of
  • construction - noun drawing a figure satisfying certain conditions as part of solving a problem or proving a theorem; the act of constructing something; the commercial activity involved in repairing old structures or constructing new ones; the creation of a construct; the process of combining ideas into a congruous object of thought; a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit; an interpretation of a text or action; a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts
  • content - adj. satisfied or showing satisfaction with things as they are; noun the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned; everything that is included in a collection; the proportion of a substance that is contained in a mixture or alloy etc.; something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation; what a communication that is about something is about; the amount that can be contained; the state of being contented with your situation in life; verb satisfy in a limited way; make content
  • control freak - noun someone with a compulsive desire to exert control over situations and people
  • coprolalia - noun an uncontrollable use of obscene language; often accompanied by mental disorders
  • cortisol - noun an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • counselor - noun someone who gives advice about problems; someone who has supervisory duties at a summer camp; a lawyer who pleads cases in court
  • countdown - noun counting backward from an arbitrary number to indicate the time remaining before some event (such as launching a space vehicle)
  • country-dance - noun a type of folk dance in which couples are arranged in sets or face one another in a line; verb perform a contradance
  • coyote - noun small wolf native to western North America; a forest fire fighter who is sent to battle remote and severe forest fires (often for days at a time); someone who smuggles illegal immigrants into the United States (usually across the Mexican border)
  • crank - adj. (used of boats) inclined to heel over easily under sail; noun a hand tool consisting of a rotating shaft with parallel handle; an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant; a whimsically eccentric person; a bad-tempered person; verb bend into the shape of a crank; fasten with a crank; rotate with a crank; start by cranking; travel along a zigzag path
  • crawling - noun a slow mode of locomotion on hands and knees or dragging the body
  • creature - noun a human being; `wight' is an archaic term; a person who is controlled by others and is used to perform unpleasant or dishonest tasks for someone else; a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • cricketer - noun an athlete who plays cricket
  • criminal - adj. guilty of crime or serious offense; involving or being or having the nature of a crime; bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure; noun someone who has committed (or been legally convicted of) a crime
  • critic - noun someone who frequently finds fault or makes harsh and unfair judgments; anyone who expresses a reasoned judgment of something; a person who is professionally engaged in the analysis and interpretation of works of art
  • crowding - noun a situation in which people or things are crowded together
  • cruelty - noun a cruel act; a deliberate infliction of pain and suffering; the quality of being cruel and causing tension or annoyance; feelings of extreme heartlessness
  • crumb - noun small piece of e.g. bread or cake; a very small quantity of something; a person who is deemed to be despicable or contemptible; verb remove crumbs from; break into crumbs; coat with bread crumbs
  • cuckoo - noun any of numerous European and North American birds having pointed wings and a long tail; a man who is a stupid incompetent fool; verb repeat monotonously, like a cuckoo repeats his call
  • culture - noun the raising of plants or animals; (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar); the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group; the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization; a particular society at a particular time and place; all the knowledge and values shared by a society; a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
  • cummings - noun United States writer noted for his typographically eccentric poetry (1894-1962)
  • curiosity - noun a state in which you want to learn more about something; something unusual -- perhaps worthy of collecting
  • curtis - noun English botanical writer and publisher (1746-1799)
  • cutting - adj. suitable for cutting or severing; as physically painful as if caused by a sharp instrument; (of speech) harsh or hurtful in tone or character; unpleasantly cold and damp; noun the act of diluting something; a piece cut off from the main part of something; a part (sometimes a root or leaf or bud) removed from a plant to propagate a new plant through rooting or grafting; the act of shortening something by choping off the ends; the act of cutting something into parts; the act of penetrating or opening open with a sharp edge; the division of a deck of cards before dealing; removing parts to create a desired shape; the activity of selecting the scenes to be shown and putting them together to create a film; an excerpt cut from a newspaper or magazine
  • cyclothymia - noun a mild bipolar disorder that persists over a long time
  • cyproheptadine - noun an antihistamine (trade name Periactin) used to treat some allergic reactions
  • cyrus - noun Persian prince who was defeated in battle by his brother Artaxerxes II (424-401 BC)
  • daddy - noun an informal term for a father; probably derived from baby talk
  • dallas - noun a large commercial and industrial city in northeastern Texas located in the heart of the northern Texas oil fields
  • damage - noun the act of damaging something or someone; loss of military equipment; the occurrence of a change for the worse; any harm or injury resulting from a violation of a legal right; the amount of money needed to purchase something; verb inflict damage upon
  • damages - noun a sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury
  • dandy - adj. very good; noun a man who is much concerned with his dress and appearance; a sailing vessel with two masts; a small mizzen is aft of the rudderpost
  • daniel - noun an Old Testament book that tells of the apocalyptic visions and the experiences of Daniel in the court of Nebuchadnezzar; a wise and upright judge; (Old Testament) a youth who was taken into the court of Nebuchadnezzar and given divine protection when thrown into a den of lions (6th century BC)
  • daughter - noun a female human offspring
  • davis - noun United States film actress (1908-1989); United States tennis player who donated the Davis Cup for international team tennis competition (1879-1945); American statesman; president of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War (1808-1889); United States jazz musician; noted for his trumpet style (1926-1991); United States painter who developed an American version of cubism (1894-1964); English navigator who explored the Arctic while searching for the Northwest Passage (1550-1605)
  • dead-end - adj. lacking opportunities for development or advancement
  • degeneration - noun passing from a more complex to a simpler biological form; the process of declining from a higher to a lower level of effective power or vitality or essential quality; the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities
  • delf - noun an excavation; usually a quarry or mine
  • delirium - noun a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations; state of violent mental agitation
  • delta - noun the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet; a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
  • delusion - noun the act of deluding; deception by creating illusory ideas; a mistaken or unfounded opinion or idea; (psychology) an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary
  • demand - noun the act of demanding; an urgent or peremptory request; the ability and desire to purchase goods and services; required activity; a condition requiring relief; verb request urgently and forcefully; claim as due or just; ask to be informed of; summon to court; lay legal claim to; require as useful, just, or proper
  • dementia - noun mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  • demoniac - adj. resembling or suggesting possession by a demon; in a murderous frenzy as if possessed by a demon; noun someone who acts as if possessed by a demon
  • depression - noun pushing down; sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy; angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object); a concavity in a surface produced by pressing; a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity; a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment; a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment; a sunken or depressed geological formation; a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention; an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • derailment - noun an accident in which a train runs off its track
  • detroit - noun the largest city in Michigan and a major Great Lakes port; center of the United States automobile industry; located in southeastern Michigan on the Detroit river across from Windsor
  • development - noun act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining; (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated; a recent event that has some relevance for the present situation; a district that has been developed to serve some purpose; processing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible; a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage); a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess); the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful; (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • dexter - adj. on or starting from the wearer's right
  • diabetic coma - noun coma that can develop in inadequately treated cases of diabetes mellitus
  • diamond - noun a playing card in the minor suit that has one or more red rhombuses on it; a transparent piece of diamond that has been cut and polished and is valued as a precious gem; very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem; the baseball playing field; the area of a baseball field that is enclosed by 3 bases and home plate
  • diathesis - noun constitutional predisposition to a particular disease or abnormality
  • dipsomania - noun an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • dirty laundry - noun personal matters that could be embarrassing if made public
  • discipline - noun training to improve strength or self-control; the act of punishing; the trait of being well behaved; a system of rules of conduct or method of practice; a branch of knowledge; verb punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience; train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
  • disconnect - noun an unbridgeable disparity (as from a failure of understanding); verb make disconnected, disjoin or unfasten; pull the plug of (electrical appliances) and render inoperable
  • discrimination - noun unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice; the cognitive process whereby two or more stimuli are distinguished
  • disease - noun an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • disequilibrium - noun loss of equilibrium attributable to an unstable situation in which some forces outweigh others
  • disorder - noun a disturbance of the peace or of public order; condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; a condition in which things are not in their expected places; verb bring disorder to; disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
  • displacement - noun act of removing from office or employment; to move something from its natural environment; (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that transfers affect or reaction from the original object to some more acceptable one; (chemistry) a reaction in which an elementary substance displaces and sets free a constituent element from a compound; act of taking the place of another especially using underhanded tactics; the act of uniform movement; an event in which something is displaced without rotation
  • dissociation - noun the act of removing from association; (chemistry) the temporary or reversible process in which a molecule or ion is broken down into smaller molecules or ions; a state in which some integrated part of a person's life becomes separated from the rest of the personality and functions independently
  • disturbed - adj. emotionally unstable and having difficulty coping with personal relationships; having the place or position changed; affected with madness or insanity; afflicted with or marked by anxious uneasiness or trouble or grief
  • divorce - noun the legal dissolution of a marriage; verb get a divorce; formally terminate a marriage; part; cease or break association with
  • doctor - noun children take the roles of physician or patient or nurse and pretend they are at the physician's office; a licensed medical practitioner; a person who holds Ph.D. degree (or the equivalent) from an academic institution; (Roman Catholic Church) a title conferred on 33 saints who distinguished themselves through the orthodoxy of their theological teaching; verb give medical treatment to; restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken; alter and make impure, as with the intention to deceive
  • dogtooth - noun a carved pyramidal ornament; used in 13th century England; one of the four pointed conical teeth (two in each jaw) located between the incisors and the premolars; perennial woodland spring-flowering plant; widely cultivated
  • dopamine - noun a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
  • dorothea dix - noun United States social reformer who pioneered in the reform of prisons and in the treatment of the mentally ill; superintended women army nurses during the American Civil War (1802-1887)
  • doubling - noun raising the stakes in a card game by a factor of 2; increase by a factor of two
  • doubt - noun uncertainty about the truth or factuality of existence of something; the state of being unsure of something; verb consider unlikely or have doubts about; lack confidence in or have doubts about
  • down syndrome - noun a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
  • dream - noun a state of mind characterized by abstraction and release from reality; a series of mental images and emotions occurring during sleep; imaginative thoughts indulged in while awake; someone or something wonderful; a fantastic but vain hope (from fantasies induced by the opium pipe); a cherished desire; verb have a daydream; indulge in a fantasy; experience while sleeping
  • drug - noun a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic; verb administer a drug to; use recreational drugs
  • dublin - noun capital and largest city and major port of the Irish Free State
  • dysarthria - noun impaired articulatory ability resulting from defects in the peripheral motor nerves or in the speech musculature
  • dyscalculia - noun impaired ability to learn grade-appropriate mathematics
  • dyslexia - noun impaired ability to learn to read
  • dysphoria - noun abnormal depression and discontent
  • early - adj. at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time; being or occurring at an early stage of development; of an early stage in the development of a language or literature; very young; belonging to the distant past; expected in the near future; adv. before the usual time or the time expected; in good time; during an early stage
  • echolalia - noun (psychiatry) mechanical and meaningless repetition of the words of another person (as in schizophrenia); an infant's repetition of sounds uttered by others
  • economist - noun an expert in the science of economics
  • education - noun the profession of teaching (especially at a school or college or university); the activities of educating or instructing; activities that impart knowledge or skill; the result of good upbringing (especially knowledge of correct social behavior); the gradual process of acquiring knowledge; knowledge acquired by learning and instruction; the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with education (including federal aid to educational institutions and students); created 1979
  • ego ideal - noun (psychoanalysis) the part of the ego that contains an ideal of personal excellence toward which a person strives
  • egocentrism - noun concern for your own interests and welfare
  • egomania - noun an intense and irresistible love for yourself and concern for your own needs
  • egotism - noun an exaggerated opinion of your own importance; an inflated feeling of pride in your superiority to others
  • elevation - noun drawing of an exterior of a structure; (ballet) the height of a dancer's leap or jump; distance of something above a reference point (such as sea level); the event of something being raised upward; angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object); the act of increasing the wealth or prestige or power or scope of something; a raised or elevated geological formation; the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
  • elitism - noun the attitude that society should be governed by an elite group of individuals
  • elves - noun an acronym for emissions of light and very low frequency perturbations due to electromagnetic pulse sources; extremely bright extremely short (less than a msec) electrical flashes forming a huge ring (up to 400 km diameter) in the ionosphere
  • embarrassment - noun some event that causes someone to be embarrassed; the shame you feel when your inadequacy or guilt is made public; the state of being embarrassed (usually by some financial inadequacy); extreme excess
  • empire - noun an eating apple that somewhat resembles a McIntosh; used as both an eating and a cooking apple; a group of countries under a single authority; a monarchy with an emperor as head of state; the domain ruled by an emperor or empress; the region over which imperial dominion is exercised; a group of diverse companies under common ownership and run as a single organization
  • empowerment - noun the act of conferring legality or sanction or formal warrant
  • enabling - adj. providing legal power or sanction
  • enactment - noun the passing of a law by a legislative body; acting the part of a character on stage; dramatically representing the character by speech and action and gesture; a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body
  • encopresis - noun involuntary defecation not attributable to physical defects or illness
  • encounter - noun a casual meeting with a person of thing; a minor short-term fight; a hostile disagreement face-to-face; a casual or unexpected convergence; verb contend against an opponent in a sport, game, or battle; come together; come upon, as if by accident; meet with; be beset by; experience as a reaction
  • energy - noun an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing); enterprising or ambitious drive; forceful exertion; (physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work; the units of energy are joules or ergs; a healthy capacity for vigorous activity; the federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States; created in 1977
  • engram - noun a postulated biochemical change (presumably in neural tissue) that represents a memory
  • enough - adj. enough to meet a purpose; adv. as much as necessary; noun an adequate quantity; a quantity that is large enough to achieve a purpose
  • entitlement - noun right granted by law or contract (especially a right to benefits)
  • envy - noun spite and resentment at seeing the success of another (personified as one of the deadly sins); a feeling of grudging admiration and desire to have something that is possessed by another; verb be envious of; set one's heart on; feel envious towards; admire enviously
  • equus - noun type genus of the Equidae: only surviving genus of the family Equidae
  • eros - noun (Greek mythology) god of love; son of Aphrodite; identified with Roman Cupid; a desire for sexual intimacy
  • escapism - noun an inclination to retreat from unpleasant realities through diversion or fantasy
  • eudaimonia - noun a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
  • eulogy - noun a formal expression of praise for someone who has died recently; a formal expression of praise
  • exaggeration - noun the act of making something more noticeable than usual; making to seem more important than it really is; extravagant exaggeration
  • example - noun an item of information that is representative of a type; punishment intended as a warning to others; a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding; something to be imitated; a representative form or pattern; an occurrence of something
  • excalibur - noun the legendary sword of King Arthur
  • exposed - adj. not covered with clothing; with no protection or shield
  • ezra pound - noun United States writer who lived in Europe; strongly influenced the development of modern literature (1885-1972)
  • fahrenheit - noun German physicist who invented the mercury thermometer and developed the scale of temperature that bears his name (1686-1736)
  • faithful - adj. steadfast in affection or allegiance; not having sexual relations with anyone except your husband or wife, or your boyfriend or girlfriend; marked by fidelity to an original; noun any loyal and steadfast following; a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church
  • falling out - noun a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions)
  • falun gong - noun a spiritual movement that began in China in the latter half of the 20th century and is based on Buddhist and Taoist teachings and practices
  • family - noun primary social group; parents and children; people descended from a common ancestor; a social unit living together; (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera; an association of people who share common beliefs or activities; a collection of things sharing a common attribute; a loose affiliation of gangsters in charge of organized criminal activities; a person having kinship with another or others
  • fanaticism - noun excessive intolerance of opposing views
  • fantasy - noun imagination unrestricted by reality; fiction with a large amount of imagination in it; something many people believe that is false; verb indulge in fantasies
  • fare - noun the food and drink that are regularly consumed; a paying (taxi) passenger; the sum charged for riding in a public conveyance; an agenda of things to do; verb eat well; proceed or get along
  • father-figure - noun a man (often a powerful or influential man) who arouses emotions usually felt for your real father and with whom you identify psychologically
  • fear - noun an emotion experienced in anticipation of some specific pain or danger (usually accompanied by a desire to flee or fight); a profound emotion inspired by a deity; an anxious feeling; verb be afraid or scared of; be frightened of; be uneasy or apprehensive about; be sorry; used to introduce an unpleasant statement; be afraid or feel anxious or apprehensive about a possible or probable situation or event; regard with feelings of respect and reverence; consider hallowed or exalted or be in awe of
  • film - noun a thin coating or layer; photographic material consisting of a base of celluloid covered with a photographic emulsion; used to make negatives or transparencies; a thin sheet of (usually plastic and usually transparent) material used to wrap or cover things; a medium that disseminates moving pictures; a form of entertainment that enacts a story by a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement; verb make a film or photograph of something; record in film
  • firecracker - noun firework consisting of a small explosive charge and fuse in a heavy paper casing
  • fischer - noun United States chess master; world champion from 1972 to 1975 (born in 1943); German chemist noted for work on synthetic sugars and the purines (1852-1919); German chemist noted for his synthesis of hemin (1881-1945)
  • fish tank - noun a tank or pool or bowl filled with water for keeping live fish and underwater animals
  • fixation - noun (histology) the preservation and hardening of a tissue sample to retain as nearly as possible the same relations they had in the living body; the activity of fastening something firmly in position; an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something or someone; an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  • flashback - noun a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story; an unexpected but vivid recurrence of a past experience (especially a recurrence of the effects of an hallucinogenic drug taken much earlier)
  • flattery - noun excessive or insincere praise
  • flooding - adj. overfull with water; noun a technique used in behavior therapy; client is flooded with experiences of a particular kind until becoming either averse to them or numbed to them
  • flourishing - adj. having or showing vigorous vegetal or animal life; very lively and profitable
  • flow - noun the act of flowing or streaming; continuous progression; the motion characteristic of fluids (liquids or gases); any uninterrupted stream or discharge; the amount of fluid that flows in a given time; dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas; the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause; something that resembles a flowing stream in moving continuously; verb cover or swamp with water; move or progress freely as if in a stream; cause to flow; be abundantly present; undergo menstruation; fall or flow in a certain way; move along, of liquids
  • fluoxetine - noun a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Prozac)
  • focusing - noun the act of bringing into focus; the concentration of attention or energy on something
  • folie - noun (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness
  • foreclosure - noun the legal proceedings initiated by a creditor to repossess the collateral for loan that is in default
  • formication - noun hallucinated sensation that insects or snakes are crawling over the skin; a common side-effect of extensive use of cocaine or amphetamines
  • frame - noun one of a series of still transparent photographs on a strip of film used in making movies; a structure supporting or containing something; the internal supporting structure that gives an artifact its shape; alternative names for the body of a human being; the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a frame for the body of an animal; a period of play in baseball during which each team has a turn at bat; verb make up plans or basic details for; formulate in a particular style or language; enclose in or as if in a frame; construct by fitting or uniting parts together; enclose in a frame, as of a picture; take or catch as if in a snare or trap
  • franchise - noun a statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote); an authorization to sell a company's goods or services in a particular place; a business established or operated under an authorization to sell or distribute a company's goods or services in a particular area; verb grant a franchise to
  • frank - adj. clearly manifest; evident; characterized by directness in manner or speech; without subtlety or evasion; noun a smooth-textured sausage of minced beef or pork usually smoked; often served on a bread roll; a member of the ancient Germanic peoples who spread from the Rhine into the Roman Empire in the 4th century; verb exempt by means of an official pass or letter, as from customs or other checks; stamp with a postmark to indicate date and time of mailing
  • frank sinatra - noun United States singer and film actor (1915-1998)
  • freedman - noun a person who has been freed from slavery
  • freedom - noun the condition of being free; the power to act or speak or think without externally imposed restraints; immunity from an obligation or duty
  • freud - noun Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939)
  • freudian slip - noun a slip-up that (according to Sigmund Freud) results from the operation of unconscious wishes or conflicts and can reveal unconscious processes in normal healthy individuals
  • friday - noun the sixth day of the week; the fifth working day
  • friedman - noun United States economist noted as a proponent of monetarism and for his opposition to government intervention in the economy (born 1912)
  • frown - noun a facial expression of dislike or displeasure; verb look angry or sullen, wrinkle one's forehead, as if to signal disapproval
  • frustration - noun an act of hindering someone's plans or efforts; a feeling of annoyance at being hindered or criticized; the feeling that accompanies an experience of being thwarted in attaining your goals
  • fryer - noun flesh of a medium-sized young chicken suitable for frying
  • garden state - noun a Mid-Atlantic state on the Atlantic; one of the original 13 colonies
  • gardner - noun writer of detective novels featuring Perry Mason (1889-1970); United States collector and patron of art who built a museum in Boston to house her collection and opened it to the public in 1903 (1840-1924)
  • gaze - noun a long fixed look; verb look at with fixed eyes
  • genital stage - noun (psychoanalysis) the fifth sexual and social stage in a person's development occurring during adolescence; interest focuses on sexual activity
  • gibraltar - noun location of a colony of the United Kingdom on a limestone promontory at the southern tip of Spain; strategically important because it can control the entrance of ships into the Mediterranean; one of the Pillars of Hercules
  • gift - noun something acquired without compensation; the act of giving; natural abilities or qualities; verb give as a present; make a gift of; give qualities or abilities to
  • gillespie - noun United States jazz trumpeter and exponent of bebop (1917-1993)
  • gimmick - noun any clever maneuver; something unspecified whose name is either forgotten or not known; a drawback or difficulty that is not readily evident
  • girl - noun a young woman; a friendly informal reference to a grown woman; a female human offspring; a youthful female person; a girl or young woman with whom a man is romantically involved
  • gladiator - noun (ancient Rome) a professional combatant or a captive who entertained the public by engaging in mortal combat; a professional boxer
  • glaring - adj. shining intensely; conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible
  • glee - noun great merriment; malicious satisfaction
  • god of war - noun a god worshipped as giving victory in war
  • goldman - noun United States anarchist (born in Russia) who opposed conscription; was deported to the Soviet Union in 1919 (1869-1940)
  • gould - noun United States financier who gained control of the Erie Canal and who caused a financial panic in 1869 when he attempted to corner the gold market (1836-1892); United States paleontologist and popularizer of science (1941-2002)
  • grandiosity - noun high-flown style; excessive use of verbal ornamentation
  • gratitude - noun a feeling of thankfulness and appreciation
  • gray - adj. of an achromatic color of any lightness intermediate between the extremes of white and black; darkened with overcast; intermediate in character or position; used to signify the Confederate forces in the American Civil War (who wore grey uniforms); showing characteristics of age, especially having grey or white hair; noun a neutral achromatic color midway between white and black; United States botanist who specialized in North American flora and who was an early supporter of Darwin's theories of evolution (1810-1888); American navigator who twice circumnavigated the globe and who discovered the Columbia River (1755-1806); English poet best known for his elegy written in a country churchyard (1716-1771); horse of a light gray or whitish color; clothing that is a grey color; any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are grey; verb turn grey; make grey
  • green - adj. of the color between blue and yellow in the color spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass; not fully developed or mature; not ripe; looking pale and unhealthy; concerned with or supporting or in conformity with the political principles of the Green Party; naive and easily deceived or tricked; noun green color or pigment; resembling the color of growing grass; an area of closely cropped grass surrounding the hole on a golf course; a river that rises in western Wyoming and flows southward through Utah to become a tributary of the Colorado River; an environmentalist who belongs to the Green Party; United States labor leader who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1924 to 1952 and who led the struggle with the Congress of Industrial Organizations (1873-1952); street names for ketamine; any of various leafy plants or their leaves and stems eaten as vegetables; a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area; verb turn or become green
  • greenland - noun the largest island in the world; lies between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean; a self-governing province of Denmark
  • griffith - noun United States film maker who was the first to use flashbacks and fade-outs (1875-1948)
  • gringo - noun a Latin American (disparaging) term for foreigners (especially Americans and Englishmen)
  • grow - verb come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes); become larger, greater, or bigger; expand or gain; increase in size by natural process; cause to grow or develop; become attached by or as if by the process of growth; cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques; pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute; become; develop and reach maturity; undergo maturation; grow emotionally or mature; come into existence; take on form or shape
  • gullibility - noun tendency to believe too readily and therefore to be easily deceived
  • gunpowder - noun a mixture of potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur in a 75:15:10 ratio which is used in gunnery, time fuses, and fireworks
  • half-light - noun a greyish light (as at dawn or dusk or in dim interiors)
  • halloween - noun the evening before All Saints' Day; often devoted to pranks played by young people
  • hallucination - noun an object perceived during a hallucinatory episode; illusory perception; a common symptom of severe mental disorder; a mistaken or unfounded opinion or idea
  • hallucinogen - noun a psychoactive drug that induces hallucinations or altered sensory experiences
  • hamburg - noun a port city in northern Germany on the Elbe River that was founded by Charlemagne in the 9th century and is today the largest port in Germany; in 1241 it formed an alliance with Lubeck that became the basis for the Hanseatic League
  • hamlet - noun a community of people smaller than a village; the hero of William Shakespeare's tragedy who hoped to avenge the murder of his father; a settlement smaller than a town
  • hannibal - noun a town in northeast Missouri on the Mississippi River; boyhood home of Mark Twain; general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War; crossed the Alps and defeated the Romans but was recalled to defend Carthage and was defeated (247-182 BC)
  • happiness - noun emotions experienced when in a state of well-being; state of well-being characterized by emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy
  • happy - adj. well expressed and to the point; enjoying or showing or marked by joy or pleasure or good fortune; marked by good fortune; eagerly disposed to act or to be of service
  • hardiness - noun the trait of being willing to undertake things that involve risk or danger; the property of being strong and healthy in constitution
  • harper - noun someone who plays the harp
  • harry - verb make a pillaging or destructive raid on (a place), as in wartimes; annoy continually or chronically
  • harvey - noun English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood; he later proposed that all animals originate from an ovum produced by the female of the species (1578-1657)
  • hatred - noun the emotion of hate; a feeling of dislike so strong that it demands action
  • haunted - adj. having or showing excessive or compulsive concern with something; inhabited by or as if by apparitions; showing emotional affliction or disquiet
  • helen - noun (Greek mythology) the beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda who was abducted by Paris; the Greek army sailed to Troy to get her back which resulted in the Trojan War
  • help - noun the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; a means of serving; a resource; a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; verb improve the condition of; improve; change for the better; give help or assistance; be of service; contribute to the furtherance of; be of use; help to some food; help with food or drink; take or use; abstain from doing; always used with a negative
  • henry - noun United States physicist who studied electromagnetic phenomena (1791-1878); a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736-1799); English chemist who studied the quantities of gas absorbed by water at different temperatures and under different pressures (1775-1836); a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second
  • henry miller - noun United States novelist whose novels were originally banned as pornographic (1891-1980)
  • herbert - noun United States musician and composer and conductor noted for his comic operas (1859-1924)
  • hero - noun the principal character in a play or movie or novel or poem; (Greek mythology) priestess of Aphrodite who killed herself when her lover Leander drowned while trying to swim the Hellespont to see her; (classical mythology) a being of great strength and courage celebrated for bold exploits; often the offspring of a mortal and a god; a man distinguished by exceptional courage and nobility and strength; Greek mathematician and inventor who devised a way to determine the area of a triangle and who described various mechanical devices (first century); a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States; someone who fights for a cause
  • heterosexism - noun discrimination in favor of heterosexual and against homosexual people
  • hide-and-seek - noun a game in which a child covers his eyes while the other players hide then tries to find them
  • hierarchy - noun the organization of people at different ranks in an administrative body; a series of ordered groupings of people or things within a system
  • historian - noun a person who is an authority on history and who studies it and writes about it
  • hitman - noun a professional killer who uses a gun
  • hoffmann - noun German writer of fantastic tales (1776-1822); United States chemist (born in Poland) who used quantum mechanics to understand chemical reactions (born in 1937); German chemist (1818-1892); Austrian architect known for his use of rectilinear units (1870-1956)
  • holmes - noun English geologist and supporter of the theory of continental drift (1890-1965); United States writer of humorous essays (1809-1894); United States jurist noted for his liberal opinions (1841-1935); a fictitious detective in stories by A. Conan Doyle
  • homesick - adj. unhappy at being away and longing for familiar things or persons
  • homophobia - noun prejudice against (fear or dislike of) homosexual people and homosexuality
  • homosexuality - noun a sexual attraction to (or sexual relations with) persons of the same sex
  • honeymoon - noun a holiday taken by a newly married couple; the early (usually calm and harmonious) period of a relationship; business or political; verb spend a holiday after one's marriage
  • hook - noun a short swinging punch delivered from the side with the elbow bent; a golf shot that curves to the left for a right-handed golfer; a curved or bent implement for suspending or pulling something; a mechanical device that is curved or bent to suspend or hold or pull something; a catch for locking a door; a sharp curve or crook; a shape resembling a hook; a basketball shot made over the head with the hand that is farther from the basket; anything that serves as an enticement; verb approach with an offer of sexual favors; entice and trap; secure with the foot; fasten with a hook; catch with a hook; hit with a hook; hit a ball and put a spin on it so that it travels to the left; take by theft; to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug); make a piece of needlework by interlocking and looping thread with a hooked needle; make off with belongings of others; rip off; ask an unreasonable price
  • hooliganism - noun willful wanton and malicious destruction of the property of others
  • hospital - noun a health facility where patients receive treatment; a medical institution where sick or injured people are given medical or surgical care
  • hubris - noun overbearing pride or presumption
  • hugo - noun French poet and novelist and dramatist; leader of the romantic movement in France (1802-1885)
  • hulk - noun a ship that has been wrecked and abandoned; a very large person; impressive in size or qualities; verb appear very large or occupy a commanding position
  • human - adj. having human form or attributes as opposed to those of animals or divine beings; characteristic of humanity; relating to a person; noun any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
  • humiliation - noun depriving one of self-esteem; an instance in which you are caused to lose your prestige or self-respect; state of disgrace or loss of self-respect; strong feelings of embarrassment
  • humour - noun the trait of appreciating (and being able to express) the humorous; the quality of being funny; the liquid parts of the body; (Middle Ages) one of the four fluids in the body whose balance was believed to determine your emotional and physical state; a message whose ingenuity or verbal skill or incongruity has the power to evoke laughter; a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling; verb put into a good mood
  • hunger - noun strong desire for something (not food or drink); a physiological need for food; the consequence of food deprivation; verb feel the need to eat; be hungry; go without food; have a craving, appetite, or great desire for
  • hurt - adj. damaged inanimate objects or their value; suffering from physical injury especially that suffered in battle; noun the act of damaging something or someone; a damage or loss; feelings of mental or physical pain; psychological suffering; any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.; verb give trouble or pain to; cause damage or affect negatively; hurt the feelings of; feel physical pain; feel pain or be in pain; cause emotional anguish or make miserable; be the source of pain
  • hypnosis - noun a state that resembles sleep but that is induced by suggestion
  • hysteria - noun excessive or uncontrollable fear; neurotic disorder characterized by violent emotional outbreaks and disturbances of sensory and motor functions; state of violent mental agitation
  • ice hockey - noun a game played on an ice rink by two opposing teams of six skaters each who try to knock a flat round puck into the opponents' goal with angled sticks
  • ideology - noun imaginary or visionary theorization; an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation
  • idiot - noun a person of subnormal intelligence
  • illness - noun impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
  • imbecile - adj. having a mental age of three to seven years; noun a person of subnormal intelligence
  • impulse - noun the act of applying force suddenly; an impelling force or strength; the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber; (electronics) a sharp transient wave in the normal electrical state (or a series of such transients); a sudden desire; an instinctive motive
  • incorporated - adj. introduced into as a part of the whole; organized and maintained as a legal corporation; formed or united into a whole
  • indeterminacy - noun the quality of being vague and poorly defined
  • indiana - noun a state in midwestern United States
  • indictment - noun a formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offense; an accusation of wrongdoing
  • inertia - noun (physics) the tendency of a body to maintain is state of rest or uniform motion unless acted upon by an external force; a disposition to remain inactive or inert
  • informant - noun a person who supplies information; someone who sees an event and reports what happened
  • ingratiation - noun the act of gaining acceptance or affection for yourself by persuasive and subtle blandishments
  • injustice - noun an unjust act; the practice of being unjust or unfair
  • inositol - noun an optically inactive alcohol that is a component of the vitamin B complex
  • insanity - noun relatively permanent disorder of the mind
  • insomnia - noun an inability to sleep; chronic sleeplessness
  • insomniac - adj. experiencing or accompanied by sleeplessness; noun someone who cannot sleep
  • institute - noun an association organized to promote art or science or education; verb advance or set forth in court; set up or lay the groundwork for
  • intellectual - adj. appealing to or using the intellect; of or associated with or requiring the use of the mind; of or relating to the intellect; involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; noun a person who uses the mind creatively
  • interrupted - adj. discontinued temporarily; intermittently stopping and starting
  • intimidation - noun the feeling of being intimidated; being made to feel afraid or timid; the feeling of discouragement in the face of someone's superior fame or wealth or status etc.; the act of intimidating a weaker person to make them do something; a communication that makes you afraid to try something
  • introjection - noun (psychology) unconscious internalization of aspects of the world (especially aspects of persons) within the self in such a way that the internalized representation takes over the psychological functions of the external objects; (psychoanalysis) the internalization of the parent figures and their values; leads to the formation of the superego
  • intrusiveness - noun aggressiveness as evidenced by intruding; by advancing yourself or your ideas without invitation
  • ireland - noun an island comprising the republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland; a republic consisting of 26 of 32 counties comprising the island of Ireland; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1921
  • irrationality - noun the state of being irrational; lacking powers of understanding
  • irritability - noun an irritable petulant feeling; a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger; excessive sensitivity of an organ or body part
  • isolation - noun the act of isolating something; setting something apart from others; a country's withdrawal from international politics; a feeling of being disliked and alone; (psychiatry) a defense mechanism in which memory of an unacceptable act or impulse is separated from the emotion originally associated with it; a state of separation between persons or groups
  • isoniazid - noun antibacterial drug (trade name Nydrazid) used to treat tuberculosis
  • jacksonville - noun Florida's largest city; a port and important commercial center in northeastern Florida
  • jealousy - noun zealous vigilance; a feeling of jealous envy (especially of a rival)
  • jean - noun (usually plural) close-fitting pants of heavy denim for manual work or casual wear; a coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric
  • jester - noun a professional clown employed to entertain a king or nobleman in the middle ages
  • jesuit - adj. having qualities characteristic of Jesuits or Jesuitism; noun a member of the Jesuit order
  • johnny - noun `Johnny' was applied as a nickname for Confederate soldiers by the Federal soldiers in the American Civil War; `greyback' derived from their grey Confederate uniforms
  • joker - noun a playing card that is usually printed with a picture of a jester; an inconspicuous clause in a document or bill that affects its meaning in a way that is not immediately apparent; a person who enjoys telling or playing jokes; a person who does something thoughtless or annoying
  • journal - noun the part of the axle contained by a bearing; a record book as a physical object; a periodical dedicated to a particular subject; a daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations; a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred
  • journalist - noun a writer for newspapers and magazines; someone who keeps a diary or journal
  • judgment day - noun (New Testament) day of the Last Judgment when God will decree the fates of all men according to the good and evil of their earthly lives
  • jump - noun the act of jumping; propelling yourself off the ground; descent with a parachute; (film) an abrupt transition from one scene to another; a sudden and decisive increase; a sudden involuntary movement; an abrupt transition; verb increase suddenly and significantly; bypass; enter eagerly into; make a sudden physical attack on; move forward by leaps and bounds; cause to jump or leap; jump down from an elevated point; go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions; rise in rank or status; pass abruptly from one state or topic to another; start (a car engine whose battery is dead) by connecting it to another car's battery; move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm; jump from an airplane and descend with a parachute; run off or leave the rails; be highly noticeable
  • jungle fever - noun severe form of malaria occurring in tropical regions
  • kahn - noun United States architect (born in Estonia) (1901-1974)
  • keller - noun United States lecturer and writer who was blind and deaf from the age of 19 months; Anne Sullivan taught her to read and write and speak; Helen Keller graduated from college and went on to champion the cause of blind and deaf people (1880-1968)
  • kennedy - noun a large airport on Long Island east of New York City; 35th President of the United States; established the Peace Corps; assassinated in Dallas (1917-1963)
  • ketamine - noun a general anesthetic and tranquilizer (not a barbiturate) that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly; used mainly by veterinarians or for minor surgery with geriatric or pediatric patients; taken in large doses it causes hallucinations similar to those associated with the use of PCP
  • kill - noun the destruction of an enemy plane or ship or tank or missile; the act of terminating a life; verb destroy a vitally essential quality of or in; cause to cease operating; tire out completely; mark for deletion, rub off, or erase; cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly; cause the death of, without intention; deprive of life; hit with great force; hit with so much force as to make a return impossible, in racket games; overwhelm with hilarity, pleasure, or admiration; be the source of great pain for; thwart the passage of; be fatal; end or extinguish by forceful means; drink down entirely
  • kindergarten - noun a preschool for children age 4 to 6 to prepare them for primary school
  • kindling - noun material for starting a fire; the act of setting something on fire
  • kindred - adj. related by blood or marriage; similar or related in quality or character; noun group of people related by blood or marriage
  • kirk - noun a Scottish church
  • klee - noun Swiss painter influenced by Kandinsky (1879-1940)
  • klein - noun United States fashion designer noted for understated fashions (born in 1942); United States psychoanalyst (born in Austria) who was the first to specialize in the psychoanalysis of small children (1882-1960); German mathematician who created the Klein bottle (1849-1925)
  • kleptomania - noun an irresistible impulse to steal in the absence of any economic motive
  • klimt - noun Austrian painter influenced by art nouveau (1862-1918)
  • kline - noun United States abstract expressionist painter (1910-1962)
  • knight - noun a chessman shaped to resemble the head of a horse; can move two squares horizontally and one vertically (or vice versa); originally a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry; today in Great Britain a person honored by the sovereign for personal merit; verb raise (someone) to knighthood
  • ku klux klan - noun a secret society of white Southerners in the United States; was formed in the 19th century to resist the emancipation of slaves; used terrorist tactics to suppress Black people
  • lack - noun the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable; verb be without
  • ladybird - noun small round bright-colored and spotted beetle that usually feeds on aphids and other insect pests
  • land - adj. relating to or characteristic of or occurring on land; noun the solid part of the earth's surface; material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use); United States inventor who incorporated Polaroid film into lenses and invented the one-step photographic process (1909-1991); the land on which real estate is located; agriculture considered as an occupation or way of life; the people who live in a nation or country; a politically organized body of people under a single government; the territory occupied by a nation; territory over which rule or control is exercised; extensive landed property (especially in the country) retained by the owner for his own use; a domain in which something is dominant; verb reach or come to rest; cause to come to the ground; arrive on shore; bring ashore; deliver (a blow); bring into a different state; shoot at and force to come down
  • lapse - noun a break or intermission in the occurrence of something; a failure to maintain a higher state; a mistake resulting from inattention; verb drop to a lower level, as in one's morals or standards; end, at least for a long time; let slip; go back to bad behavior; pass into a specified state or condition; pass by
  • latency stage - noun (psychoanalysis) the fourth period (from about age 5 or 6 until puberty) during which sexual interests are supposed to be sublimated into other activities
  • lead - noun the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge; a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead'); mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil; thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing; an advantage held by a competitor in a race; evidence pointing to a possible solution; the introductory section of a story; a news story of major importance; (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base; (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning; the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile); a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey; a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire; restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal; the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal-combustion engine; an indication of potential opportunity; an actor who plays a principal role; verb cause to undertake a certain action; travel in front of; go in advance of others; take somebody somewhere; tend to or result in; be ahead of others; be the first; pass or spend; preside over; lead, as in the performance of a composition; move ahead (of others) in time or space; be in charge of; be conducive to; have as a result or residue; stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point; lead, extend, or afford access; cause something to pass or lead somewhere
  • legion - noun a large military unit; association of ex-servicemen; a vast multitude; archaic terms for army
  • levis - noun a popular brand of jeans
  • levy - noun the act of drafting into military service; a charge imposed and collected; verb impose and collect; cause to assemble or enlist in the military
  • liar - noun a person who has lied or who lies repeatedly
  • libby - noun United States chemist who developed a method of radiocarbon dating (1908-1980)
  • libido - noun (psychoanalysis) a Freudian term for sexual urge or desire
  • lilith - noun in ancient Semitic folklore: a female demon who attacks children
  • lilo - noun a type of inflatable air mattress
  • limbic system - noun a system of functionally related neural structures in the brain that are involved in emotional behavior
  • lint - noun cotton or linen fabric with the nap raised on one side; used to dress wounds; fine ravellings of cotton or linen fibers
  • lithium - noun a soft silver-white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals
  • lobotomy - noun surgical interruption of nerve tracts to and from the frontal lobe of the brain; often results in marked cognitive and personality changes
  • logos - noun the divine word of God; the second person in the Trinity (incarnate in Jesus)
  • lost - adj. not caught with the senses or the mind; no longer in your possession or control; unable to be found or recovered; spiritually or physically doomed or destroyed; not gained or won; incapable of being recovered or regained; unable to function; without help; having lost your bearings; confused as to time or place or personal identity; perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment; no longer known; irretrievable; deeply absorbed in thought; noun people who are destined to die soon
  • louisiana - noun a state in southern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
  • love - noun any object of warm affection or devotion; a deep feeling of sexual desire and attraction; a strong positive emotion of regard and affection; a score of zero in tennis or squash; sexual activities (often including sexual intercourse) between two people; a beloved person; used as terms of endearment; verb have a great affection or liking for; be enamored or in love with; get pleasure from; have sexual intercourse with
  • lovelace - noun English poet (1618-1857)
  • lucidity - noun a lucid state of mind; not confused; free from obscurity and easy to understand; the comprehensibility of clear expression
  • luddite - noun one of the 19th century English workmen who destroyed laborsaving machinery that they thought would cause unemployment; any opponent of technological progress
  • lunacy - noun obsolete terms for legal insanity; foolish or senseless behavior
  • lunatic - adj. insane and believed to be affected by the phases of the moon; noun an insane person; a reckless impetuous irresponsible person
  • mack - noun a waterproof raincoat made of rubberized fabric
  • madhouse - noun pejorative terms for an insane asylum
  • madonna - noun United States pop singer and sex symbol during the 1980s (born in 1958); the mother of Jesus; Christians refer to her as the Virgin Mary; she is especially honored by Roman Catholics
  • magazine - noun a storehouse (as a compartment on a warship) where weapons and ammunition are stored; product consisting of a paperback periodic publication as a physical object; a light-tight supply chamber holding the film and supplying it for exposure as required; a periodic publication containing pictures and stories and articles of interest to those who purchase it or subscribe to it; a business firm that publishes magazines; a metal frame or container holding cartridges; can be inserted into an automatic gun
  • magician - noun someone who performs magic tricks to amuse an audience; one who practices magic or sorcery
  • magnolia - noun any shrub or tree of the genus Magnolia; valued for their longevity and exquisite fragrant blooms; dried bark of various magnolias; used in folk medicine
  • malice - noun feeling a need to see others suffer; the quality of threatening evil
  • malnutrition - noun a state of poor nutrition; can result from insufficient or excessive or unbalanced diet or from inability to absorb foods
  • mama - noun a name under which Ninkhursag was worshipped; informal terms for a mother
  • mania - noun an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action; a mood disorder; an affective disorder in which the victim tends to respond excessively and sometimes violently
  • manic - adj. affected with or marked by frenzy or mania uncontrolled by reason
  • manque - adj. unfulfilled or frustrated in realizing an ambition
  • marguerite - noun perennial subshrub of the Canary Islands having usually pale yellow daisylike flowers; often included in genus Chrysanthemum; tall leafy-stemmed Eurasian perennial with white flowers; widely naturalized; often placed in genus Chrysanthemum
  • married - adj. joined in matrimony; of or relating to the state of marriage; noun a person who is married
  • marseille - noun strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedspreads; a port city in southeastern France on the Mediterranean
  • marshall - noun United States jurist; as chief justice of the Supreme Court he established the principles of United States constitutional law (1755-1835); United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959); United States actor (1914-1998); a law officer having duties similar to those of a sheriff in carrying out the judgments of a court of law; (in some countries) a military officer of highest rank
  • mart - noun an area in a town where a public mercantile establishment is set up
  • martyr - noun one who suffers for the sake of principle; one who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion; verb torture and torment like a martyr; kill as a martyr
  • mary mccarthy - noun United States satirical novelist and literary critic (1912-1989)
  • mass - adj. gathered or tending to gather into a mass or whole; noun (Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist; the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field; a sequence of prayers constituting the Christian Eucharistic rite; a musical setting for a Mass; an ill-structured collection of similar things (objects or people); a body of matter without definite shape; the property of something that is great in magnitude; the common people generally; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent; verb join together into a mass or collect or form a mass
  • mass murderer - noun a person who is responsible for the deaths of many victims in a single incident
  • mast - noun a vertical spar for supporting sails; any sturdy upright pole; nuts of forest trees used as feed for swine; nuts of forest trees (as beechnuts and acorns) accumulated on the ground; used especially as food for swine
  • medication - noun the act of treating with medicines or remedies; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
  • medicine - noun the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease; the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques; punishment for one's actions; verb treat medicinally, treat with medicine
  • melancholia - noun extreme depression characterized by tearful sadness and irrational fears
  • melanie klein - noun United States psychoanalyst (born in Austria) who was the first to specialize in the psychoanalysis of small children (1882-1960)
  • melatonin - noun hormone secreted by the pineal gland
  • memento mori - noun a reminder (as a death's head) of your mortality
  • memoir - noun an essay on a scientific or scholarly topic; an account of the author's personal experiences
  • menninger - noun United States psychiatrist who with his sons founded a famous psychiatric clinic in Topeka (1862-1953); United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1893-1990); United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1899-1966)
  • mens rea - noun (law) criminal intent; the thoughts and intentions behind a wrongful act (including knowledge that the act is illegal); often at issue in murder trials
  • mental - adj. affected by a disorder of the mind; involving the mind or an intellectual process; of or relating to the chin- or liplike structure in insects and certain mollusks; of or relating to the mind; of or relating to the chin or median part of the lower jaw
  • mental age - noun the level of intellectual development as measured by an intelligence test
  • mental health - noun the psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment
  • mentor - noun a wise and trusted guide and advisor; verb serve as a teacher or trusted counselor
  • mercy - noun alleviation of distress; showing great kindness toward the distressed; something for which to be thankful; leniency and compassion shown toward offenders by a person or agency charged with administering justice; a disposition to be kind and forgiving; the feeling that motivates compassion
  • mesmerised - adj. having your attention fixated as though by a spell
  • metaphor - noun a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
  • mexico city - noun the capital and largest city of Mexico is a political and cultural and commercial and industrial center; one of the world's largest cities
  • military - adj. associated with or performed by armed services as contrasted with civilians; characteristic of or associated with soldiers or the military; of or relating to the study of the principles of warfare; noun the military forces of a nation
  • mind - noun that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; knowledge and intellectual ability; attention; recall or remembrance; your intention; what you intend to do; an opinion formed by judging something; an important intellectual; verb keep in mind; be concerned with or about something or somebody; be offended or bothered by; take offense with, be bothered by; be on one's guard; be cautious or wary about; be alert to; be in charge of or deal with; pay close attention to; give heed to
  • mini - adj. used of women's clothing; very short with hemline above the knee; noun a very short skirt
  • minimisation - noun the act of reducing something to the least possible amount or degree or position
  • mischief - noun reckless or malicious behavior that causes discomfort or annoyance in others; the quality or nature of being harmful or evil
  • misconduct - noun bad or dishonest management by persons supposed to act on another's behalf; activity that transgresses moral or civil law; verb manage badly or incompetently; behave badly
  • mitchell - noun United States dancer who formed the first Black classical ballet company (born in 1934); United States labor leader; president of the United Mine Workers of America from 1898 to 1908 (1870-1919); United States writer noted for her novel about the South during the American Civil War (1900-1949); United States astronomer who studied sunspots and nebulae (1818-1889); United States aviator and general who was an early advocate of military air power (1879-1936); English aeronautical engineer (1895-1937)
  • molindone - noun antipsychotic drug (trade name Moban) used in the treatment of schizophrenia
  • mommy - noun informal terms for a mother
  • monomania - noun a mania restricted to one thing or idea
  • montgomery - noun the state capital of Alabama on the Mobile River; English general during World War II; won victories over Rommel in North Africa and led British ground forces in the invasion of Normandy (1887-1976); Canadian novelist (1874-1942)
  • mood - noun verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker; a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling; the prevailing psychological state
  • moonstruck - adj. insane and believed to be affected by the phases of the moon
  • morale - noun a state of individual psychological well-being based upon a sense of confidence and usefulness and purpose; the spirit of a group that makes the members want the group to succeed
  • morgan - noun an American breed of small compact saddle horses; United States financier and philanthropist (1837-1913); soldier in the American Revolution who defeated the British in the battle of Cowpens, South Carolina (1736-1802); a Welsh buccaneer who raided Spanish colonies in the West Indies for the English (1635-1688); United States biologist who formulated the chromosome theory of heredity (1866-1945); United States anthropologist who studied the Seneca (1818-1881)
  • moron - noun a person of subnormal intelligence
  • mother - noun a condition that is the inspiration for an activity or situation; a woman who has given birth to a child (also used as a term of address to your mother); a term of address for a mother superior; a term of address for an elderly woman; a stringy slimy substance consisting of yeast cells and bacteria; forms during fermentation and is added to cider or wine to produce vinegar; verb care for like a mother; make children
  • murderer - noun a criminal who commits homicide (who performs the unlawful premeditated killing of another human being)
  • musical - adj. characteristic of or resembling or accompanied by music; talented in or devoted to music; characterized by or capable of producing music; containing or constituting or characterized by pleasing melody; noun a play or film whose action and dialogue is interspersed with singing and dancing
  • musician - noun artist who composes or conducts music as a profession; someone who plays a musical instrument (as a profession)
  • musketeer - noun a foot soldier armed with a musket
  • muteness - noun a refusal to speak when expected; the condition of being unable or unwilling to speak
  • mysophobia - noun a morbid fear of dirt or contamination
  • mythology - noun the study of myths; myths collectively; the body of stories associated with a culture or institution or person
  • nagging - adj. continually complaining or faultfinding
  • nail-biting - adj. (of a situation) characterized by or causing suspense
  • nancy - noun a city in northeastern France in Lorraine
  • narcissism - noun an exceptional interest in and admiration for yourself
  • narcissus - noun (Greek mythology) a beautiful young man who fell in love with his own reflection; bulbous plant having erect linear leaves and showy yellow or white flowers either solitary or in clusters
  • narcolepsy - noun a sleep disorder characterized by sudden and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep
  • nativism - noun (philosophy) the philosophical theory that some ideas are innate; the policy of perpetuating native cultures (in opposition to acculturation)
  • nazism - noun a form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism and obedience to a strong leader
  • nebraska - noun a midwestern state on the Great Plains
  • nefazodone - noun an antidepressant drug (trade name Serzone)
  • nellie bly - noun muckraking United States journalist who exposed bad conditions in mental institutions (1867-1922)
  • neurasthenia - noun nervous breakdown (not in technical use)
  • neurologist - noun a medical specialist in the nervous system and the disorders affecting it
  • neuroscience - noun the scientific study of the nervous system
  • neurosis - noun a mental or personality disturbance not attributable to any known neurological or organic dysfunction
  • neurosurgery - noun any surgery that involves the nervous system (brain or spinal cord or peripheral nerves)
  • neuroticism - noun a mental or personality disturbance not attributable to any known neurological or organic dysfunction
  • neutrality - noun nonparticipation in a dispute or war; pH value of 7; tolerance attributable to a lack of involvement
  • new mexico - noun a state in southwestern United States on the Mexican border
  • new york - noun a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the British colonies that formed the United States; the largest city in New York State and in the United States; located in southeastern New York at the mouth of the Hudson river; a major financial and cultural center
  • new zealand - noun North Island and South Island and adjacent small islands in the South Pacific; an independent country within the British Commonwealth; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1907; known for sheep and spectacular scenery
  • newfoundland - noun a breed of very large heavy dogs with a thick coarse usually black coat; highly intelligent and vigorous swimmers; developed in Newfoundland; an island in the north Atlantic
  • newt - noun small usually bright-colored semiaquatic salamanders of North America and Europe and northern Asia
  • night terror - noun an emotional episode (usually in young children) in which the person awakens in terror with feelings of anxiety and fear but is unable to remember any incident that might have provoked those feelings
  • nightmare - noun a terrifying or deeply upsetting dream; a situation resembling a terrifying dream
  • no-good - adj. returned for lack of funds; without merit
  • noah - noun the Hebrew patriarch who saved himself and his family and the animals by building an ark in which they survived 40 days and 40 nights of rain; the story of Noah and the flood is told in the Book of Genesis
  • noel - noun period extending from Dec. 24 to Jan. 6
  • north - adj. situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the north; adv. in a northern direction; noun any region lying in or toward the north; the region of the United States lying north of the Mason-Dixon line; British statesman under George III whose policies led to rebellion in the American colonies (1732-1792); the cardinal compass point that is at 0 or 360 degrees; the direction in which a compass needle points; the United States (especially the northern states during the American Civil War)
  • novel - adj. pleasantly new or different; original and of a kind not seen before; noun a printed and bound book that is an extended work of fiction; a extended fictional work in prose; usually in the form of a story
  • numb - adj. so frightened as to be unable to move; stunned or paralyzed with terror; lacking sensation; (followed by `to') not showing human feeling or sensitivity; unresponsive; verb make numb or insensitive
  • number - noun an item of merchandise offered for sale; a clothing measurement; the property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals; the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural); a numeral or string of numerals that is used for identification; a select company of people; a concept of quantity derived from zero and units; the number is used in calling a particular telephone; one of a series published periodically; a symbol used to represent a number; a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program; verb place a limit on the number of; enumerate; give numbers to; determine the number or amount of; add up in number or quantity; put into a group
  • nymphomaniac - adj. (used of women) affected with excessive sexual desire; noun a woman with abnormal sexual desires
  • obesity - noun more than average fatness
  • obfuscation - noun darkening or obscuring the sight of something; the activity of obscuring people's understanding, leaving them baffled or bewildered; confusion resulting from failure to understand
  • obsessed - adj. influenced or controlled by a powerful force such as a strong emotion; having or showing excessive or compulsive concern with something
  • obsession - noun an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something or someone; an irrational motive for performing trivial or repetitive actions against your will
  • obsessive - adj. characterized by or constituting an obsession; noun a person who has obsessions
  • odyssey - noun a long wandering and eventful journey; a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the journey of Odysseus after the fall of Troy
  • oedipus rex - noun (Greek mythology) a tragic king of Thebes who unknowingly killed his father Laius and married his mother Jocasta; the subject of the drama `Oedipus Rex' by Sophocles
  • ohio - noun a midwestern state in north central United States in the Great Lakes region; a river that is formed in western Pennsylvania and flows westward to become a tributary of the Mississippi River
  • oklahoma - noun a state in south central United States
  • omnipotence - noun the state of being omnipotent; having unlimited power
  • ontario - noun a prosperous and industrialized province in central Canada; the smallest of the Great Lakes
  • ontogeny - noun (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • open house - noun an informal party of people with hospitality for all comers
  • oral stage - noun (psychoanalysis) the first sexual and social stage of an infant's development; the mouth is the focus of the libido and satisfaction comes from suckling and chewing and biting
  • oregon - noun a state in northwestern United States on the Pacific
  • orphan - adj. deprived of parents by death or desertion; noun a young animal without a mother; the first line of a paragraph that is set as the last line of a page or column; a child who has lost both parents; someone or something who lacks support or care or supervision; verb deprive of parents
  • orphanage - noun a public institution for the care of orphans; the condition of being a child without living parents
  • out of sight - adj. not accessible to view; adv. no longer visible; quietly in concealment
  • painting - noun the occupation of a house painter; the act of applying paint to a surface; creating a picture with paints; graphic art consisting of an artistic composition made by applying paints to a surface
  • palilalia - noun a pathological condition in which a word is rapidly and involuntarily repeated
  • paperboy - noun a boy who sells or delivers newspapers
  • paranoia - noun a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of persecution or grandeur
  • paraphrenia - noun a form of schizophrenia characterized by delusions (of persecution or grandeur or jealousy); symptoms may include anger and anxiety and aloofness and doubts about gender identity; unlike other types of schizophrenia the patients are usually presentable and (if delusions are not acted on) may function in an apparently normal manner
  • parent - noun a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian; verb bring up
  • paresthesia - noun abnormal skin sensations (as tingling or tickling or itching or burning) usually associated with peripheral nerve damage
  • pariah - noun a person who is rejected (from society or home)
  • paris - noun the capital and largest city of France; and international center of culture and commerce; a town in northeastern Texas; (Greek mythology) the prince of Troy who abducted Helen from her husband Menelaus and provoked the Trojan War; sometimes placed in subfamily Trilliaceae
  • parry - noun (fencing) blocking a lunge or deflecting it with a circular motion of the sword; a return punch (especially by a boxer); verb impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball); avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues)
  • patient - adj. enduring without protest or complaint; enduring trying circumstances with even temper or characterized by such endurance; noun a person who requires medical care; the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • peace - noun a treaty to cease hostilities; the absence of mental stress or anxiety; harmonious relations; freedom from disputes; the state prevailing during the absence of war; the general security of public places
  • pecker - noun horny projecting mouth of a bird; bird with strong claws and a stiff tail adapted for climbing and a hard chisel-like bill for boring into wood for insects; obscene terms for penis
  • penelope - noun a genus of guans (turkey-like arboreal birds valued as game and food birds); (Greek mythology) the wife of Odysseus and a symbol of devotion and fidelity; for 10 years while Odysseus fought the Trojan War she resisted numerous suitors until Odysseus returned and killed them
  • penis envy - noun (psychoanalysis) a female's presumed envy of the male's penis; said to explain femininity
  • perception - noun the process of perceiving; knowledge gained by perceiving; a way of conceiving something; becoming aware of something via the senses; the representation of what is perceived; basic component in the formation of a concept
  • perfectionism - noun a disposition to feel that anything less than perfect is unacceptable
  • perry - noun a fermented and often effervescent beverage made from juice of pears; similar in taste to hard cider; United States commodore who led the fleet that defeated the British on Lake Erie during the War of 1812; brother of Matthew Calbraith Perry (1785-1819); United States admiral who led a naval expedition to Japan and signed a treaty in 1854 opening up trade relations between United States and Japan; brother of Oliver Hazard Perry (1794-1858); United States philosopher (1876-1957)
  • perseveration - noun the tendency for a memory or idea to persist or recur without any apparent stimulus for it; the act of persisting or persevering; continuing or repeating behavior
  • person - noun a human being; a human body (usually including the clothing); a grammatical category of pronouns and verb forms
  • persona - noun (Jungian psychology) a personal facade that one presents to the world; an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
  • petter - noun a lover who gently fondles and caresses the loved one
  • phallic stage - noun (psychoanalysis) the third stage in a child's development when awareness of and manipulation of the genitals is supposed to be a primary source of pleasure
  • phantom limb - noun the illusion that a limb still exists after it has been amputated
  • philosopher - noun a specialist in philosophy; a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity
  • philosophy - noun any personal belief about how to live or how to deal with a situation; the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics; a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
  • phlox - noun any polemoniaceous plant of the genus Phlox; chiefly North American; cultivated for their clusters of flowers
  • phobia - noun an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
  • phobophobia - noun a morbid fear of developing a phobia
  • phonophobia - noun a morbid fear of sounds including your own voice
  • photophobia - noun a morbid fear of light; pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light (often associated with albinism)
  • phrenology - noun a now abandoned study of the shape of skull as indicative of the strengths of different faculties
  • phylogeny - noun (biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms
  • physician - noun a licensed medical practitioner
  • physiognomy - noun the human face (`kisser' and `smiler' and `mug' are informal terms for `face' and `phiz' is British)
  • physiology - noun processes and functions of an organism; the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
  • pica - noun magpies; eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency; a linear unit (1/6 inch) used in printing
  • pilot - noun someone who is licensed to operate an aircraft in flight; a person qualified to guide ships through difficult waters going into or out of a harbor; an inclined metal frame at the front of a locomotive to clear the track; small auxiliary gas burner that provides a flame to ignite a larger gas burner; an original model on which something is patterned; a program exemplifying a contemplated series; intended to attract sponsors; verb act as the navigator in a car, plane, or vessel and plan, direct, plot the path and position of the conveyance; fly a plane
  • pinball - noun a game played on a sloping board; the object is to propel marbles against pins or into pockets
  • pindolol - noun an oral beta blocker (trade name Visken) used in treating hypertension
  • pituitary - adj. of or relating to the pituitary gland; having abnormal size with overgrown extremities resulting from abnormal pituitary secretion; noun the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
  • plagiarism - noun the act of plagiarizing; taking someone's words or ideas as if they were your own; a piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work
  • planning - noun the act or process of drawing up plans or layouts for some project or enterprise; an act of formulating a program for a definite course of action; the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening
  • poet - noun a writer of poems (the term is usually reserved for writers of good poetry)
  • polaris - noun the brightest star in Ursa Minor; at the end of the handle of the little dipper; the northern axis of the earth points toward it
  • polemic - adj. of or involving dispute or controversy; noun a controversy (especially over a belief or dogma); a writer who argues in opposition to others (especially in theology)
  • politician - noun a person active in party politics; a leader engaged in civil administration; a schemer who tries to gain advantage in an organization in sly or underhanded ways
  • politics - noun the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs; the study of government of states and other political units; the opinion you hold with respect to political questions; social relations involving authority or power
  • polyester - noun any of a large class of synthetic fabrics; a complex ester used for making fibers or resins or plastics or as a plasticizer; any of numerous synthetic resins; they are light and strong and weather resistant
  • possessed - adj. influenced or controlled by a powerful force such as a strong emotion; in a murderous frenzy as if possessed by a demon
  • practitioner - noun someone who practices a learned profession
  • praise - noun an expression of approval and commendation; offering words of homage as an act of worship; verb express approval of
  • precious - adj. of high worth or cost; obviously contrived to charm; characterized by feeling or showing fond affection for; adv. extremely
  • prejudice - noun a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation; verb influence (somebody's) opinion in advance; disadvantage by prejudice
  • premature - adj. uncommonly early or before the expected time; born after a gestation period of less than the normal time; too soon or too hasty
  • priest - noun a clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites; one of the Holy Orders; a person who performs religious duties and ceremonies in a non-Christian religion
  • prima donna - noun a distinguished female operatic singer; a female operatic star; a vain and temperamental person
  • prime - adj. used of the first or originating agent; being at the best stage of development; of or relating to or being an integer that cannot be factored into other integers; first in rank or degree; of superior grade; noun a number that has no factor but itself and 1; the time of maturity when power and vigor are greatest; the second canonical hour; about 6 a.m.; the period of greatest prosperity or productivity; verb insert a primer into (a gun, mine, or charge) preparatory to detonation or firing; fill with priming liquid; cover with a primer; apply a primer to
  • princess - noun a female member of a royal family other than the queen (especially the daughter of a sovereign)
  • procyclidine - noun drug (trade name Kemadrin) used to reduce tremors in Parkinsonism
  • prodrome - noun an early symptom that a disease is developing or that an attack is about to occur
  • promise - noun grounds for feeling hopeful about the future; a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the future; verb make a promise or commitment; promise to undertake or give; give grounds for expectations; make a prediction about; tell in advance
  • proof - adj. (used in combination or as a suffix) able to withstand; noun a trial photographic print from a negative; any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something; (printing) an impression made to check for errors; a formal series of statements showing that if one thing is true something else necessarily follows from it; a measure of alcoholic strength expressed as an integer twice the percentage of alcohol present (by volume); the act of validating; finding or testing the truth of something; verb make resistant (to harm); activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk; knead to reach proper lightness; make or take a proof of, such as a photographic negative, an etching, or typeset; read for errors
  • propaganda - noun information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
  • protagonist - noun the principal character in a work of fiction; a person who backs a politician or a team etc.
  • provoked - adj. incited, especially deliberately, to anger
  • psychiatrist - noun a physician who specializes in psychiatry
  • psychiatry - noun the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
  • psycho - noun a person afflicted with psychosis
  • psychopathy - noun any disease of the mind; the psychological state of someone who has emotional or behavioral problems serious enough to require psychiatric intervention
  • psychosis - noun any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
  • psychosurgery - noun brain surgery on human patients intended to relieve severe and otherwise intractable mental or behavioral problems
  • psychotherapy - noun the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means; the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  • publisher - noun a firm in the publishing business; a person engaged in publishing periodicals or books or music; the proprietor of a newspaper
  • purity - noun the state of being unsullied by sin or moral wrong; lacking a knowledge of evil; being undiluted or unmixed with extraneous material; a woman's virtue or chastity
  • pyromania - noun an uncontrollable desire to set fire to things
  • quaker - noun one who quakes and trembles with (or as with) fear; a member of the Religious Society of Friends founded by George Fox (the Friends have never called themselves Quakers)
  • queen bee - noun fertile egg-laying female bee
  • quiet - adj. of the sun; characterized by a low level of surface phenomena like sun spots e.g.; not showy or obtrusive; free of noise or uproar; or making little if any sound; characterized by an absence or near absence of agitation or activity; (of a body of water) free from disturbance by heavy waves; in a softened tone; adv. with little or no activity or no agitation (`quiet' is a nonstandard variant for `quietly'); noun a disposition free from stress or emotion; the absence of sound; an untroubled state; free from disturbances; a period of calm weather; verb make calm or still; become quiet or quieter
  • rabbit hole - noun a hole in the ground as a nest made by wild rabbits
  • radiator - noun a mechanism consisting of a metal honeycomb through which hot fluids circulate; heat is transferred from the fluid through the honeycomb to the airstream that is created either by the motion of the vehicle or by a fan; heater consisting of a series of pipes for circulating steam or hot water to heat rooms or buildings; any object that radiates energy
  • rage - noun violent state of the elements; a state of extreme anger; something that is desired intensely; an interest followed with exaggerated zeal; a feeling of intense anger; verb feel intense anger; be violent; as of fires and storms; behave violently, as if in state of a great anger
  • ram - noun uncastrated adult male sheep; a tool for driving or forcing something by impact; the most common computer memory which can be used by programs to perform necessary tasks while the computer is on; an integrated circuit memory chip allows information to be stored or accessed in any order and all storage locations are equally accessible; the first sign of the zodiac which the sun enters at the vernal equinox; the sun is in this sign from about March 21 to April 19; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Aries; verb strike or drive against with a heavy impact; force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically; crowd or pack to capacity; undergo damage or destruction on impact
  • rapper - noun someone who performs rap music; a device (usually metal and ornamental) attached by a hinge to a door
  • real life - noun the practical world as opposed to the academic world
  • reality - noun the quality possessed by something that is real; the state of being actual or real; the state of the world as it really is rather than as you might want it to be; all of your experiences that determine how things appear to you
  • reboxetine - noun an antidepressant drug that blocks the reuptake of norepinephrine
  • receptivity - noun willingness or readiness to receive (especially impressions or ideas)
  • reformer - noun an apparatus that reforms the molecular structure of hydrocarbons to produce richer fuel; a disputant who advocates reform
  • refuge - noun a shelter from danger or hardship; act of turning to for assistance; something or someone turned to for assistance or security; a safe place
  • regeneration - noun the activity of spiritual or physical renewal; (biology) growth anew of lost tissue or destroyed parts or organs; forming again (especially with improvements or removal of defects); renewing and reconstituting; feedback in phase with (augmenting) the input
  • regression - noun returning to a former state; the relation between selected values of x and observed values of y (from which the most probable value of y can be predicted for any value of x); (psychiatry) a defense mechanism in which you flee from reality by assuming a more infantile state; an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  • reinforcement - noun information that makes more forcible or convincing; a military operation (often involving new supplies of men and materiel) to strengthen a military force or aid in the performance of its mission; an act performed to strengthen approved behavior; a device designed to provide additional strength; (psychology) a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produced it
  • relapse - noun a failure to maintain a higher state; verb go back to bad behavior; deteriorate in health
  • religion - noun a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; an institution to express belief in a divine power
  • reminiscence - noun a mental impression retained and recalled from the past; the process of remembering (especially the process of recovering information by mental effort)
  • reparation - noun something done or paid in expiation of a wrong; (usually plural) compensation exacted from a defeated nation by the victors; compensation (given or received) for an insult or injury; the act of putting something in working order again
  • repression - noun the act of repressing; control by holding down; (psychiatry) the classical defense mechanism that protects you from impulses or ideas that would cause anxiety by preventing them from becoming conscious; a state of forcible subjugation
  • repulsion - noun the act of repulsing or repelling an attack; a successful defensive stand; the force by which bodies repel one another; intense aversion
  • resistance - noun the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with; the military action of resisting the enemy's advance; group action in opposition to those in power; (psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness; the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease-causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin-resistant bacteria); any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion; an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current; a secret group organized to overthrow a government or occupation force; a material's opposition to the flow of electric current; measured in ohms; (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
  • resurrection - noun a revival from inactivity and disuse; (New Testament) the rising of Christ on the third day after the Crucifixion
  • revenge - noun action taken in return for an injury or offense; verb take revenge for a perceived wrong
  • revolutionary - adj. markedly new or introducing radical change; advocating or engaged in revolution; relating to or having the nature of a revolution; of or relating to or characteristic or causing an axial or orbital turn; noun a radical supporter of political or social revolution
  • reyes - noun Chilean poet (1904-1973)
  • richmond - noun capital of the state of Virginia located in the east central part of the state; was capital of the Confederacy during the American Civil War
  • ride - noun a mechanical device that you ride for amusement or excitement; a journey in a vehicle (usually an automobile); verb copulate with; keep partially engaged by slightly depressing a pedal with the foot; move like a floating object; ride over, along, or through; be carried or travel on or in a vehicle; sit and travel on the back of animal, usually while controlling its motions; climb up on the body; sit on and control a vehicle; continue undisturbed and without interference; lie moored or anchored; be sustained or supported or borne; harass with persistent criticism or carping; be contingent on; have certain properties when driven
  • ring - noun jewelry consisting of a circlet of precious metal (often set with jewels) worn on the finger; a square platform marked off by ropes in which contestants box or wrestle; a characteristic sound; the sound of a bell ringing; a toroidal shape; a strip of material attached to the leg of a bird to identify it (as in studies of bird migration); a rigid circular band of metal or wood or other material used for holding or fastening or hanging or pulling; an association of criminals; (chemistry) a chain of atoms in a molecule that forms a closed loop; verb attach a ring to the foot of, in order to identify; sound loudly and sonorously; make (bells) ring, often for the purposes of musical edification; get or try to get into communication (with someone) by telephone; ring or echo with sound; be around
  • rio - noun the former capital and 2nd largest city of Brazil; chief Brazilian port; famous as a tourist attraction
  • robbins - noun United States choreographer who brought human emotion to classical ballet and spirited reality to Broadway musicals (1918-1998)
  • robert i - noun King of Scotland from 1306 to 1329; defeated the English army under Edward II at Bannockburn and gained recognition of Scottish independence (1274-1329)
  • robin - noun large American thrush having a rust-red breast and abdomen; small Old World songbird with a reddish breast
  • rock - noun pitching dangerously to one side; a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter; (figurative) someone who is strong and stable and dependable; United States gynecologist and devout Catholic who conducted the first clinical trials of the oral contraceptive pill (1890-1984); material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; a genre of popular music originating in the 1950s; a blend of Black rhythm-and-blues with White country-and-western; hard bright-colored stick candy (typically flavored with peppermint); verb move back and forth or sideways; cause to move back and forth
  • romeo - noun an ardent male lover
  • romulus - noun (Roman mythology) founder of Rome; suckled with his twin brother Remus by a wolf after their parents (Mars and Rhea Silvia) abandoned them; Romulus killed Remus in an argument over the building of Rome
  • ross - noun American seamstress said to have made the first American flag at the request of George Washington (1752-1836); a politician in Wyoming who was the first woman governor in the United States (1876-1977); British physician who discovered that mosquitos transmit malaria (1857-1932); British explorer of the Arctic and Antarctic; located the north magnetic pole in 1831; discovered the Ross Sea in Antarctica; nephew of Sir John Ross (1800-1862); Scottish explorer who led Arctic expeditions that yielded geographic discoveries while searching for the Northwest Passage (1777-1856)
  • roth - noun United States writer whose novels portray middle-class Jewish life (born in 1933)
  • rothschild - noun any of family of powerful Jewish bankers in Europe
  • rowan - noun Eurasian tree with orange-red berrylike fruits
  • rubinstein - noun Russian composer and pianist (1829-1894); United States pianist (born in Poland) known for his interpretations of the music of Chopin (1886-1982)
  • rumination - noun regurgitation of small amounts of food; seen in some infants after feeding; (of ruminants) chewing (the cud); a calm lengthy intent consideration
  • runaway - adj. completely out of control; noun an easy victory; someone who flees from an uncongenial situation
  • running - adj. continually repeated over a period of time; (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing; executed or initiated by running; (of fluids) moving or issuing in a stream; of advancing the ball by running; moving quickly on foot; measured lengthwise; noun the act of administering or being in charge of something; the state of being in operation; the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace; the act of participating in an athletic competition involving running on a track; (American football) a play in which a player attempts to carry the ball through or past the opposing team
  • rush - adj. done under pressure; not accepting reservations; noun (American football) an attempt to advance the ball by running into the line; a sudden burst of activity; a sudden forceful flow; physician and American Revolutionary leader; signer of the Declaration of Independence (1745-1813); grasslike plants growing in wet places and having cylindrical often hollow stems; the act of moving hurriedly and in a careless manner; the swift release of a store of affective force; verb urge to an unnatural speed; act or move at high speed; attack suddenly; step on it; run with the ball, in football; cause to occur rapidly; cause to move fast or to rush or race
  • safe - adj. (of an undertaking) secure from risk; free from danger or the risk of harm; having reached a base without being put out; in safekeeping; financially sound; noun strongbox where valuables can be safely kept; a ventilated or refrigerated cupboard for securing provisions from pests; contraceptive device consisting of a sheath of thin rubber or latex that is worn over the penis during intercourse
  • salience - noun the state of being salient
  • sally - noun a venture off the beaten path; a military action in which besieged troops burst forth from their position; witty remark
  • salp - noun minute floating marine tunicate having a transparent body with an opening at each end
  • sanitarium - noun a hospital for recuperation or for the treatment of chronic diseases
  • sanity - noun normal or sound powers of mind
  • saturday - noun the seventh and last day of the week; observed as the Sabbath by Jews and some Christians
  • savoring - noun taking a small amount into the mouth to test its quality
  • saw - noun hand tool having a toothed blade for cutting; a power tool for cutting wood; a condensed but memorable saying embodying some important fact of experience that is taken as true by many people; verb cut with a saw
  • scan - noun the act of scanning; systematic examination of a prescribed region; an image produced by scanning; verb read metrically; make a wide, sweeping search of; move a light beam over; in electronics, to reproduce an image; examine hastily; examine minutely or intensely; conform to a metrical pattern; obtain data from magnetic tapes
  • scarecrow - noun an effigy in the shape of a man to frighten birds away from seeds
  • scarface - noun United States gangster who terrorized Chicago during prohibition until arrested for tax evasion (1899-1947)
  • scattershot - adj. covering a wide range in a haphazard way
  • schinus molle - noun small Peruvian evergreen with broad rounded head and slender pendant branches with attractive clusters of greenish flowers followed by clusters of rose-pink fruits
  • schizophrenia - noun any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
  • schizothymia - noun resembling schizophrenia but remaining within the bounds of normality
  • scientist - noun a person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences
  • scorpion - noun arachnid of warm dry regions having a long segmented tail ending in a venomous sting; the eighth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about October 23 to November 21; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Scorpio
  • scotland - noun one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; located on the northern part of the island of Great Britain; famous for bagpipes and plaids and kilts
  • seclusion - noun the act of secluding yourself from others; the quality of being secluded from the presence or view of others
  • second sight - noun apparent power to perceive things that are not present to the senses
  • second wind - noun the return of relatively easy breathing after initial exhaustion during continuous exertion; renewed energy or strength to continue an undertaking
  • secretary - noun a desk used for writing; an assistant who handles correspondence and clerical work for a boss or an organization; a person who is head of an administrative department of government; a person to whom a secret is entrusted
  • secretin - noun peptic hormone produced by the mucous lining of the small intestine; can stimulate secretion by the pancreas and liver
  • sedative - adj. tending to soothe or tranquilize; noun a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person
  • self-control - noun the trait of resolutely controlling your own behavior; the act of denying yourself; controlling your impulses
  • self-esteem - noun a feeling of pride in yourself; the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect
  • self-love - noun an exceptional interest in and admiration for yourself; feelings of excessive pride
  • selfishness - noun stinginess resulting from a concern for your own welfare and a disregard of others
  • september - noun the month following August and preceding October
  • serial killer - noun someone who murders more than three victims one at a time in a relatively short interval
  • sertraline - noun a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Zoloft)
  • sex - noun the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles; all of the feelings resulting from the urge to gratify sexual impulses; either of the two categories (male or female) into which most organisms are divided; activities associated with sexual intercourse; verb tell the sex (of young chickens); stimulate sexually
  • sex drive - noun a physiological need for sexual activity
  • shadow - noun refuge from danger or observation; a premonition of something adverse; an inseparable companion; a dominating and pervasive presence; shade within clear boundaries; something existing in perception only; an indication that something has been present; an unilluminated area; a spy employed to follow someone and report their movements; verb follow, usually without the person's knowledge; make appear small by comparison; cast a shadow over
  • shakespeare - noun English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)
  • shakti - noun the female or generative principle; wife of Siva and a benevolent form of Devi
  • shame - noun a painful emotion resulting from an awareness of inadequacy or guilt; a state of dishonor; an unfortunate development; verb surpass or beat by a wide margin; cause to be ashamed; compel through a sense of shame; bring shame or dishonor upon
  • shaping - adj. forming or capable of forming or molding or fashioning; noun any process serving to define the shape of something; the fabrication of something in a particular shape
  • shaven - adj. having the beard or hair cut off close to the skin
  • shell shock - noun a mental disorder caused by stress of active warfare
  • shock - noun the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat; an unpleasant or disappointing surprise; an instance of agitation of the earth's crust; a bushy thick mass (especially hair); a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field; (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor; a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body; a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses; the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally; verb subject to electrical shocks; collect or gather into shocks; collide violently; strike with horror or terror; surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off; strike with disgust or revulsion; inflict a trauma upon
  • shock therapy - noun treatment of certain psychotic states by the administration of shocks that are followed by convulsions
  • short story - noun a prose narrative shorter than a novel
  • shrink - noun a physician who specializes in psychiatry; verb decrease in size, range, or extent; become smaller or draw together; reduce in size; reduce physically; wither, as with a loss of moisture; draw back, as with fear or pain
  • sigmund freud - noun Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939)
  • silver bullet - noun a simple guaranteed solution for a difficult problem
  • simon - noun United States economist and psychologist who pioneered in the development of cognitive science (1916-2001); United States playwright noted for light comedies (born in 1927); United States singer and songwriter (born in 1942); one of the twelve Apostles (first century)
  • singapore - noun an island south of the Malay Peninsula; a country in southeastern Asia on the island of Singapore; achieved independence from Malaysia in 1965; the capital of Singapore; one of the world's biggest ports
  • sister - noun a female person who is a fellow member of a sorority or labor union or other group; (Roman Catholic Church) a title given to a nun (and used as a form of address); a female person who has the same parents as another person; (slang) sometimes used as a term of address for attractive young women
  • sitcom - noun a humorous television program based on situations that could arise in everyday life; a humorous drama based on situations that might arise in day-to-day life
  • skeet - noun the sport of shooting at clay pigeons that are hurled upward in such a way as to simulate the flight of a bird
  • ski - noun narrow wood or metal or plastic runners used in pairs for gliding over snow; verb move along on skis
  • slasher - noun a weapon (a sword or dagger) used for slashing; someone who slashes another person
  • slayer - noun someone who causes the death of a person or animal
  • smile - noun a facial expression characterized by turning up the corners of the mouth; usually shows pleasure or amusement; verb change one's facial expression by spreading the lips, often to signal pleasure; express with a smile
  • smith - noun someone who works metal (especially by hammering it when it is hot and malleable); someone who works at something specified; Scottish economist who advocated private enterprise and free trade (1723-1790); English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia; was said to have been saved by Pocahontas (1580-1631); religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844); United States blues singer (1894-1937); United States suffragist who refused to pay taxes until she could vote (1792-1886); United States singer noted for her rendition of patriotic songs (1909-1986); United States sculptor (1906-1965); Rhodesian statesman who declared independence of Zimbabwe from Great Britain (born in 1919)
  • snarl - noun an angry vicious expression; a vicious angry growl; something jumbled or confused; verb make more complicated or confused through entanglements; make a snarling noise or move with a snarling noise; utter in an angry, sharp, or abrupt tone; twist together or entwine into a confusing mass
  • snob - noun a person regarded as arrogant and annoying
  • social work - noun any of various services designed to aid the poor and aged and to increase the welfare of children
  • sociology - noun the study and classification of human societies
  • sociometry - noun the quantitative study of social relationships
  • solomon - noun (Old Testament) son of David and king of Israel noted for his wisdom (10th century BC)
  • song - noun the act of singing; a short musical composition with words; a distinctive or characteristic sound; a very small sum; the characteristic sound produced by a bird; the imperial dynasty of China from 960 to 1279; noted for art and literature and philosophy
  • song of songs - noun an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of love poems traditionally attributed to Solomon but actually written much later
  • sorry - adj. causing dejection; feeling or expressing sorrow or pity; bad; unfortunate; feeling or expressing regret or sorrow or a sense of loss over something done or undone; without merit
  • spellbound - adj. having your attention fixated as though by a spell
  • spider - noun predatory arachnid that usually has silk-spinning organs at the back end of the body; they spin silk to make cocoons for eggs or traps for prey; a skillet made of cast iron; a computer program that prowls the internet looking for publicly accessible resources that can be added to a database; the database can then be searched with a search engine
  • spiegel - noun pig iron containing manganese; used as a deoxidizing agent and to raise the manganese content in making steel
  • spirituality - noun concern with things of the spirit; property or income owned by a church
  • spitz - noun any of various stocky heavy-coated breeds of dogs native to northern regions having pointed muzzles and erect ears with a curled furry tail
  • splitting - adj. resembling a sound of violent tearing as of something ripped apart or lightning splitting a tree
  • spree killer - noun a serial killer whose murders occur within a brief period of time
  • squeamishness - noun the trait of being excessively fastidious and easily shocked; a mild state of nausea
  • stage fright - noun fear that affects a person about to face an audience
  • stalking - noun the act of following prey stealthily; a hunt for game carried on by following it stealthily or waiting in ambush
  • star - adj. indicating the most important performer or role; noun (astronomy) a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energy derived from thermonuclear reactions in the interior; any celestial body visible (as a point of light) from the Earth at night; an actor who plays a principal role; a plane figure with 5 or more points; often used as an emblem; the topology of a network whose components are connected to a hub; a star-shaped character * used in printing; someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field; a performer who receives prominent billing; verb mark with an asterisk; be the star in a performance; feature as the star
  • stein - noun experimental expatriate United States writer (1874-1946); a mug intended for serving beer
  • still - adj. free from noticeable current; used of pictures; of a single or static photograph not presented so as to create the illusion of motion; or representing objects not capable of motion; not sparkling; (of a body of water) free from disturbance by heavy waves; not in physical motion; marked by absence of sound; adv. with reference to action or condition; without change, interruption, or cessation; without moving or making a sound; to a greater degree or extent; used with comparisons; despite anything to the contrary (usually following a concession); noun an apparatus used for the distillation of liquids; consists of a vessel in which a substance is vaporized by heat and a condenser where the vapor is condensed; a static photograph (especially one taken from a movie and used for advertising purposes); a plant and works where alcoholic drinks are made by distillation; (poetic) tranquil silence; verb make motionless; lessen the intensity of or calm; cause to be quiet or not talk; make calm or still
  • stimulant - adj. that stimulates; noun a drug that temporarily quickens some vital process; any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action
  • stitch - noun sewing consisting of a link or loop or knot made by drawing a threaded needle through a fabric; a sharp spasm of pain in the side resulting from running; verb fasten by sewing; do needlework
  • stoker - noun a mechanical device for stoking a furnace; a laborer who tends fires (as on a coal-fired train or steamship); Irish writer of the horror novel about Dracula (1847-1912)
  • stolen - adj. taken dishonestly
  • straight - adj. right; in keeping with the facts; successive (without a break); following a correct or logical method; (of hair) having no waves or curls; not homosexual; erect in posture; having no deviations; free from curves or angles; characterized by honesty and fairness; neatly arranged; not disorderly; rigidly conventional or old-fashioned; without water; without evasion or compromise; accurately fitted; level; no longer coiled; adv. in a straight line; in a direct course; without deviation; in a forthright manner; candidly or frankly; noun a poker hand with 5 consecutive cards (regardless of suit); a straight segment of a roadway or racecourse; a heterosexual person; someone having a sexual orientation to persons of the opposite sex
  • straitjacket - noun a garment similar to a jacket that is used to bind the arms tightly against the body as a means of restraining a violent person; anything immaterial that severely hinders or confines
  • stressor - noun any agent that causes stress to an organism
  • striatum - noun a striped mass of white and grey matter located in front of the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere; consists of the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus
  • structuralism - noun a sociological theory based on the premise that society comes before individuals; an anthropological theory that there are unobservable social structures that generate observable social phenomena; linguistics defined as the analysis of formal structures in a text or discourse
  • stupor - noun marginal consciousness; the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally
  • stutter - noun a speech disorder involving hesitations and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds; verb speak haltingly
  • subaltern - adj. inferior in rank or status; noun a British commissioned army officer below the rank of captain
  • subconscious - adj. just below the level of consciousness; noun psychic activity just below the level of awareness
  • sublimation - noun (psychology) modifying the natural expression of an impulse or instinct (especially a sexual one) to one that is socially acceptable; (chemistry) a change directly from the solid to the gaseous state without becoming liquid
  • submarine - adj. beneath the surface of the sea; noun a submersible warship usually armed with torpedoes; a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States; verb attack by submarine; control a submarine; bring down with a blow to the legs; throw with an underhand motion; move forward or under in a sliding motion
  • suburbia - noun suburbanites considered as a cultural class or subculture; a residential district located on the outskirts of a city
  • suddenly - adv. happening unexpectedly; quickly and without warning; on impulse; without premeditation
  • suggestion - noun the sequential mental process in which one thought leads to another by association; an idea that is suggested; a proposal offered for acceptance or rejection; persuasion formulated as a suggestion; the act of inducing hypnosis; a just detectable amount
  • suicide - noun the act of killing yourself; a person who kills himself intentionally
  • superior - adj. (often followed by `to') above being affected or influenced by; (sometimes followed by `to') not subject to or influenced by; of or characteristic of high rank or importance; of high or superior quality or performance; having an orbit farther from the sun than the Earth's orbit; having a higher rank; written or printed above and to one side of another character; noun a town in northwest Wisconsin on Lake Superior across from Duluth; the head of a religious community; one of greater rank or station or quality; a character or symbol set or printed or written above and immediately to one side of another character; the largest freshwater lake in the world; the deepest of the Great Lakes; a combatant who is able to defeat rivals
  • supremacism - noun the belief that some particular group or race is superior to all others
  • surfer - noun someone who engages in surfboarding
  • surgeon - noun a physician who specializes in surgery
  • swanson - noun United States actress in many silent films (1899-1983)
  • symptom - noun anything that accompanies X and is regarded as an indication of X's existence; (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
  • syncope - noun (phonology) the loss of sounds in the interior of a word (as in `fo'c'sle' for `forecastle'); a spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood to the brain
  • synecdoche - noun substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
  • taboo - adj. forbidden to profane use especially in South Pacific islands; excluded from use or mention; noun an inhibition or ban resulting from social custom or emotional aversion; a prejudice (especially in Polynesia and other South Pacific islands) that prohibits the use or mention of something because of its sacred nature; verb declare as sacred and forbidden
  • taipei - noun the capital of Nationalist China; located in northern Taiwan
  • tamoxifen - noun an antagonist for estrogen that is used in the treatment of breast cancer
  • tantrum - noun a display of bad temper
  • teasdale - noun United States poet (1884-1933)
  • teeth - noun the kind and number and arrangement of teeth (collectively) in a person or animal
  • television - noun a telecommunication system that transmits images of objects (stationary or moving) between distant points; broadcasting visual images of stationary or moving objects; an electronic device that receives television signals and displays them on a screen
  • template - noun a model or standard for making comparisons
  • temptation - noun something that seduces or has the quality to seduce; the desire to have or do something that you know you should avoid; the act of influencing by exciting hope or desire
  • term - noun any distinct quantity contained in a polynomial; a word or expression used for some particular thing; one of the substantive phrases in a logical proposition; a limited period of time; the end of gestation or point at which birth is imminent; (architecture) a statue or a human bust or an animal carved out of the top of a square pillar; originally used as a boundary marker in ancient Rome; (usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement; verb name formally or designate with a term
  • terminator - noun someone who exterminates (especially someone whose occupation is the extermination of troublesome rodents and insects)
  • terrace - noun a row of houses built in a similar style and having common dividing walls (or the street on which they face); a level shelf of land interrupting a declivity (with steep slopes above and below); usually paved outdoor area adjoining a residence; verb make into terraces as for cultivation; provide (a house) with a terrace
  • texas - noun the second largest state; located in southwestern United States on the Gulf of Mexico
  • thank you - noun a conversational expression of gratitude
  • theophany - noun a visible (but not necessarily material) manifestation of a deity to a human person
  • therapist - noun a person skilled in a particular type of therapy
  • therapy - noun (medicine) the act of caring for someone (as by medication or remedial training etc.)
  • thin - adj. lacking excess flesh; (of sound) lacking resonance or volume; lacking spirit or sincere effort; of relatively small extent from one surface to the opposite or in cross section; relatively thin in consistency or low in density; not viscous; not dense; having little substance or significance; very narrow; adv. without viscosity; verb make thin or thinner; lose thickness; become thin or thinner; take off weight; lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture
  • third person - noun pronouns and verbs that are used to refer to something other than the speaker or addressee of the language in which they occur
  • thirteen - adj. being one more than twelve; noun the cardinal number that is the sum of twelve and one
  • threat - noun declaration of an intention or a determination to inflict harm on another; a warning that something unpleasant is imminent; a person who inspires fear or dread; something that is a source of danger
  • thriving - adj. having or showing vigorous vegetal or animal life; very lively and profitable
  • tic - noun a local and habitual twitching especially in the face
  • tideland - noun land near the sea that is overflowed by the tide
  • titus - noun Emperor of Rome; son of Vespasian (39-81); a Greek disciple and helper of Saint Paul; a new Testament book containing Saint Paul's epistle to Titus; contains advice on pastoral matters
  • tobacco - noun leaves of the tobacco plant dried and prepared for smoking or ingestion; aromatic annual or perennial herbs and shrubs
  • todd - noun fictional character in a play by George Pitt; a barber who murdered his customers; Scottish chemist noted for his research into the structure of nucleic acids (born in 1907)
  • token economy - noun a form of behavior therapy that has been used in some mental institutions; patients are rewarded with tokens for appropriate behavior and the tokens may be cashed in for valued rewards
  • tom - noun male cat; contemptuous name for a Black man who is abjectly servile and deferential to Whites; male turkey
  • tormented - adj. experiencing intense pain especially mental pain; tormented or harassed by nightmares or unreasonable fears
  • touched - adj. having come into contact; being excited or provoked to the expression of an emotion; slightly insane
  • trance - noun a state of mind in which consciousness is fragile and voluntary action is poor or missing; a state resembling deep sleep; a psychological state induced by (or as if induced by) a magical incantation; verb attract; cause to be enamored
  • transference - noun (psychoanalysis) the process whereby emotions are passed on or displaced from one person to another; during psychoanalysis the displacement of feelings toward others (usually the parents) is onto the analyst; the act of transfering something from one form to another; transferring ownership
  • transparent - adj. easily understood or seen through (because of a lack of subtlety); transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity; free of deceit; so thin as to transmit light
  • trauma - noun an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects; any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
  • trazodone - noun oral antidepressant (trade name Desyrel) that is a nontricyclic drug used as a sedative
  • triangle - noun a percussion instrument consisting of a metal bar bent in the shape of an open triangle; any of various triangular drafting instruments used to draw straight lines at specified angles; a three-sided polygon; something approximating the shape of a triangle; a small northern constellation near Perseus between Andromeda and Aries
  • triangulation - noun a method of surveying; the area is divided into triangles and the length of one side and its angles with the other two are measured, then the lengths of the other sides can be calculated; a trigonometric method of determining the position of a fixed point from the angles to it from two fixed points a known distance apart; useful in navigation
  • trickster - noun a mischievous supernatural being found in the folklore of many primitive people; sometimes distinguished by prodigious biological drives and exaggerated bodily parts; someone who leads you to believe something that is not true; someone who plays practical jokes on others
  • trimipramine - noun tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Surmontil) used to treat depression and anxiety and (sometimes) insomnia
  • trondheim - noun a port in central Norway on Trondheim Fjord
  • truth serum - noun an intravenous anesthetic drug that has a hypnotic effect; induces relaxation and weakens inhibitions; is believed to induce people to talk freely
  • tucker - noun a detachable yoke of linen or lace worn over the breast of a low-cut dress; a sewer who tucks; United States vaudevillian (born in Russia) noted for her flamboyant performances (1884-1966); United States anarchist influential before World War I (1854-1939); verb wear out completely
  • tyrannosaur - noun large carnivorous bipedal dinosaur having enormous teeth with knifelike serrations; may have been a scavenger rather than an active predator; later Cretaceous period in North America
  • tyrant - noun a cruel and oppressive dictator; any person who exercises power in a cruel way; in ancient Greece, a ruler who had seized power without legal right to it
  • u-turn - noun complete reversal of direction of travel
  • uncanny - adj. suggesting the operation of supernatural influences; surpassing the ordinary or normal
  • uncle - noun the brother of your father or mother; the husband of your aunt; a source of help and advice and encouragement
  • uncle sam - noun a personification of the United States government
  • underdog - noun one at a disadvantage and expected to lose
  • undertow - noun the seaward undercurrent created after waves have broken on the shore; an inclination contrary to the strongest or prevailing feeling
  • undoing - noun an act that makes a previous act of no effect (as if not done); loosening the ties that fasten something
  • united states - noun North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776; the executive and legislative and judicial branches of the federal government of the United States
  • unsaid - adj. not made explicit
  • unspeakable - adj. defying expression or description; exceptionally bad or displeasing; too sacred to be uttered
  • unwell - adj. somewhat ill or prone to illness
  • v-day - noun the day of a victory
  • vacation - noun the act of making something legally void; leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure; verb spend or take a vacation
  • vaginismus - noun muscular contraction that causes the vagina to close; usually an anxiety reaction before coitus or pelvic examination
  • vandalism - noun willful wanton and malicious destruction of the property of others
  • vanity - noun the quality of being valueless or futile; low table with mirror or mirrors where one sits while dressing or applying makeup; the trait of being unduly vain and conceited; feelings of excessive pride
  • vapours - noun a state of depression
  • vermont - noun a state in New England
  • vertigo - noun a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
  • video game - noun a game played against a computer
  • vienna - noun the capital and largest city of Austria; located on the Danube in northeastern Austria; was the home of Beethoven and Brahms and Haydn and Mozart and Schubert and Strauss
  • virginia - noun a town in northeastern Minnesota in the heart of the Mesabi Range; a state in the eastern United States; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the Confederate States in the American Civil War; one of the British colonies that formed the United States
  • vision - noun the perceptual experience of seeing; a vivid mental image; a religious or mystical experience of a supernatural appearance; the formation of a mental image of something that is not perceived as real and is not present to the senses; the ability to see; the visual faculty
  • vixen - noun a malicious woman with a fierce temper
  • vocalization - noun the use of uttered sounds for auditory communication; the sound made by the vibration of vocal folds modified by the resonance of the vocal tract
  • voyager - noun a traveler to a distant land (especially one who travels by sea)
  • voyeurism - noun a perversion in which a person receives sexual gratification from seeing the genitalia of others or witnessing others' sexual behavior
  • waif - noun a homeless child especially one forsaken or orphaned
  • waitress - noun a woman waiter; verb serve as a waiter or waitress in a restaurant
  • wales - noun one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; during Roman times the region was known as Cambria
  • walker - noun an enclosing framework on casters or wheels; helps babies learn to walk; a light enclosing framework (trade name Zimmer) with rubber castors or wheels and handles; helps invalids or the handicapped or the aged to walk; a shoe designed for comfortable walking; United States writer (born in 1944); New Zealand runner who in 1975 became the first person to run a mile in less that 3 minutes and 50 seconds (born in 1952); a person who travels by foot
  • wandering - adj. of a path e.g.; having no fixed course; (of groups of people) tending to travel and change settlements frequently; noun travelling about without any clear destination
  • war zone - noun a combat zone where military operations are coordinated (especially a designated area in international waters where the rights of neutrals are not respected by nations at war)
  • warner - noun someone who gives a warning to others; United States filmmaker who with his brothers founded the movie studio that produced the first talking picture (1881-1958)
  • warrior - noun someone engaged in or experienced in warfare
  • wasp - noun social or solitary hymenopterans typically having a slender body with the abdomen attached by a narrow stalk and having a formidable sting; a white person of Anglo-Saxon ancestry who belongs to a Protestant denomination
  • water polo - noun a game played in a swimming pool by two teams of swimmers who try to throw an inflated ball into the opponents' goal
  • webb - noun English sociologist and economist and a central member of the Fabian Society (1859-1947); English writer and a central member of the Fabian Society (1858-1943)
  • website - noun a computer connected to the internet that maintains a series of web pages on the World Wide Web
  • weeds - noun a black garment (dress) worn by a widow as a sign of mourning
  • well-being - noun a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
  • wernicke - noun German neurologist best known for his studies of aphasia (1848-1905)
  • west - adj. situated in or facing or moving toward the west; adv. to, toward, or in the west; noun the countries of (originally) Europe and (now including) North America and South America; the region of the United States lying to the west of the Mississippi River; English painter (born in America) who became the second president of the Royal Academy (1738-1820); United States film actress (1892-1980); British writer (born in Ireland) (1892-1983); the cardinal compass point that is a 270 degrees
  • whistleblower - noun an informant who exposes wrongdoing within an organization in the hope of stopping it
  • whole - adj. including all components without exception; being one unit or constituting the full amount or extent or duration; complete; (of siblings) having the same parents; acting together as a single undiversified whole; exhibiting or restored to vigorous good health; not impaired or diminished in any way; wholly unharmed; including everything; adv. to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly'); noun an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity; all of something including all its component elements or parts
  • wicked - adj. morally bad in principle or practice; intensely or extremely bad or unpleasant in degree or quality; highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust; having committed unrighteous acts; naughtily or annoyingly playful
  • wilhelm reich - noun Austrian born psychoanalyst who lived in the United States; advocated sexual freedom and believed that cosmic energy could be concentrated in a human being (1897-1957)
  • will - noun a fixed and persistent intent or purpose; a legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die; the capability of conscious choice and decision and intention; verb determine by choice; have in mind; decree or ordain; leave or give by will after one's death
  • williams - noun United States playwright (1911-1983); English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism; he founded Providence in 1636 and obtained a royal charter for Rhode Island in 1663 (1603-1683); United States baseball player noted as a hitter (1918-2002); United States poet (1883-1963); English philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929-2003); United States country singer and songwriter (1923-1953)
  • witch - noun a being (usually female) imagined to have special powers derived from the devil; a female sorcerer or magician; an ugly evil-looking old woman; a believer in Wicca; verb cast a spell over someone or something; put a hex on someone or something
  • wog - noun (offensive British slang) term used by the British to refer to people of color from Africa or Asia
  • womb - noun a hollow muscular organ in the pelvic cavity of females; contains the developing fetus
  • workaholic - noun person with a compulsive need to work
  • worry - noun a strong feeling of anxiety; something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness; verb touch or rub constantly; lacerate by biting; disturb the peace of mind of; afflict with mental agitation or distress; be concerned with; be worried, concerned, anxious, troubled, or uneasy; be on the mind of
  • writer - noun writes (books or stories or articles or the like) professionally (for pay); a person who is able to write and has written something
  • xenophobia - noun an irrational fear of foreigners or strangers
  • yale - noun English philanthropist who made contributions to a college in Connecticut that was renamed in his honor (1649-1721); a university in Connecticut
  • yelling - adj. noisy with or as if with loud cries and shouts; noun uttering a loud inarticulate cry as of pain or excitement
  • yellowknife - noun a town in the Northwest Territories in northern Canada on the Great Slave Lake
  • zest - noun a tart spicy quality; vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment; verb add herbs or spices to

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