Foods A-Z

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This an list of foods arranged in alphabetic order and is not an exhaustive list.

  • abronia fragrans -  taller than Abronia elliptica and having night-blooming flowers
  • accessory fruit -  fruit containing much fleshy tissue besides that of the ripened ovary; as apple or strawberry
  • acer negundo -  common shade tree of eastern and central United States
  • acer saccharinum -  a common North American maple tree; five-lobed leaves are light green above and silvery white beneath; source of hard close-grained but brittle light-brown wood
  • acer saccharum -  maple of eastern and central North America having three-lobed to five-lobed leaves and hard close-grained wood much used for cabinet work especially the curly-grained form; sap is chief source of maple syrup and maple sugar; many subspecies
  • acetaldehyde -  a colorless volatile water-soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs
  • acetate -  a salt or ester of acetic acid; a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
  • acetic acid -  a colorless pungent liquid widely used in manufacturing plastics and pharmaceuticals
  • ackee -  red pear-shaped tropical fruit with poisonous seeds; flesh is poisonous when unripe or overripe
  • acorn -  fruit of the oak tree: a smooth thin-walled nut in a woody cup-shaped base
  • acorus -  sweet flags; sometimes placed in subfamily Acoraceae
  • adulterant -  making impure or corrupt by adding extraneous materials;  any substance that adulterates (lessens the purity or effectiveness of a substance)
  • agar -  a colloidal extract of algae; used especially in culture media and as a gelling agent in foods; any culture medium that uses agar as the gelling agent
  • agaricus campestris -  common edible mushroom found naturally in moist open soil; the cultivated mushroom of commerce
  • agave -  tropical American plants with basal rosettes of fibrous sword-shaped leaves and flowers in tall spikes; some cultivated for ornament or for fiber
  • agriculture -  the class of people engaged in growing food; the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock; a large-scale farming enterprise; the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy); created in 1862
  • aioli -  garlic mayonnaise
  • akan -  a Kwa language spoken in Ghana and the Ivory Coast
  • al dente -  of pasta cooked so as to be firm when eaten
  • albizia -  any of numerous trees of the genus Albizia
  • albizia lebbeck -  large spreading Old World tree having large leaves and globose clusters of greenish-yellow flowers and long seed pods that clatter in the wind
  • aleuria aurantia -  a discomycete with bright orange cup-shaped or saucer-shaped fruiting bodies and pale orange exteriors
  • alfalfa -  leguminous plant grown for hay or forage; important European leguminous forage plant with trifoliate leaves and blue-violet flowers grown widely as a pasture and hay crop
  • alga -  primitive chlorophyll-containing mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms lacking true stems and roots and leaves
  • algae -  primitive chlorophyll-containing mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms lacking true stems and roots and leaves
  • alginic acid -  a gum used especially as a thickener or emulsifier
  • allium ampeloprasum -  coarse Old World perennial having a large bulb and tall stalk of greenish purple-tinged flowers; widely naturalized
  • allium tricoccum -  North American perennial having a slender bulb and whitish flowers
  • almond -  oval-shaped edible seed of the almond tree; small bushy deciduous tree native to Asia and North Africa having pretty pink blossoms and highly prized edible nuts enclosed in a hard green hull; cultivated in southern Australia and California
  • amanita caesarea -  widely distributed edible mushroom resembling the fly agaric
  • amaranth -  any of various plants of the genus Amaranthus having dense plumes of green or red flowers; often cultivated for food; seed of amaranth plants used as a native cereal in Central and South America
  • amaranthus cruentus -  tall showy tropical American annual having hairy stems and long spikes of usually red flowers above leaves deeply flushed with purple; seeds often used as cereal
  • ambrosia -  (classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal; fruit dessert made of oranges and bananas with shredded coconut; any of numerous chiefly North American weedy plants constituting the genus Ambrosia that produce highly allergenic pollen responsible for much hay fever and asthma; a mixture of nectar and pollen prepared by worker bees and fed to larvae
  • amelanchier -  North American deciduous trees or shrubs
  • amelanchier alnifolia -  shrub or small tree of northwestern North America having fragrant creamy white flowers and small waxy purple-red fruits
  • amora -  one of a group of rabbis (active AD 250-500) who discussed the Mishnaic law in the law schools of Palestine and Mesopotamia where they explained and applied earlier teachings and whose discussions are recorded in the Talmud; they emphasized the study of Torah and the importance of personal action and the fulfillment of the commandments
  • amphicarpaea bracteata -  vine widely distributed in eastern North America producing racemes of purple to maroon flowers and abundant (usually subterranean) edible one-seeded pods resembling peanuts
  • amylase -  any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar
  • anadama bread -  a yeast-raised bread made of white flour and cornmeal and molasses
  • anatomy -  a detailed analysis; the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals; alternative names for the body of a human being
  • anderson -  United States physicist who discovered antimatter in the form of an antielectron that is called the positron (1905-1991); United States contralto noted for her performance of spirituals (1902-1993); United States dramatist (1888-1959); United States physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923-); United States author whose works were frequently autobiographical (1876-1941)
  • angel cake -  a light sponge cake made without egg yolks
  • angelica archangelica -  a biennial cultivated herb; its stems are candied and eaten and its roots are used medicinally
  • anise -  liquorice-flavored seeds or oil used in cookies or cakes or pickles; native to Egypt but cultivated widely for its aromatic seeds and the oil from them used medicinally and as a flavoring in cookery
  • anthriscus sylvestris -  coarse erect biennial Old World herb introduced as a weed in eastern North America
  • antipasto -  a course of appetizers in an Italian meal
  • apios americana -  a North American vine with fragrant blossoms and edible tubers; important food crop of Native Americans
  • appetizer -  food or drink to stimulate the appetite (usually served before a meal or as the first course)
  • apple -  fruit with red or yellow or green skin and sweet to tart crisp whitish flesh; native Eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits
  • apple pie -  pie (with a top crust) containing sliced apples and sugar
  • apple sauce -  puree of stewed apples usually sweetened and spiced
  • apricot -  downy yellow to rosy-colored fruit resembling a small peach; Asian tree having clusters of usually white blossoms and edible fruit resembling the peach; a shade of pink tinged with yellow
  • arabidopsis thaliana -  a small invasive self-pollinating weed with small white flowers; much studied by plant geneticists; the first higher plant whose complete genome sequence was described
  • arachis -  a genus of plants with pods that ripen underground (see peanut)
  • arachis hypogaea -  widely cultivated American plant cultivated in tropical and warm regions; showy yellow flowers on stalks that bend over to the soil so that seed pods ripen underground
  • aralia elata -  deciduous clump-forming Asian shrub or small tree; adventive in the eastern United States
  • aralia spinosa -  small deciduous clump-forming tree or shrub of eastern United States
  • arame -  an edible seaweed with a mild flavor
  • araucaria araucana -  large Chilean evergreen conifer having intertwined branches and bearing edible nuts
  • araucaria bidwillii -  Australian conifer bearing two-inch seeds tasting like roasted chestnuts; among the aborigines the tree is hereditary property protected by law
  • arbutus unedo -  small evergreen European shrubby tree bearing many-seeded scarlet berries that are edible but bland; of Ireland, southern Europe, Asia Minor
  • arctium lappa -  burdock having heart-shaped leaves found in open woodland, hedgerows and rough grassland of Europe (except extreme N) and Asia Minor; sometimes cultivated for medicinal and culinary use
  • aristotelia serrata -  graceful deciduous shrub or small tree having attractive foliage and small red berries that turn black at maturity and are used for making wine
  • army -  a large number of people united for some specific purpose; a permanent organization of the military land forces of a nation or state; the army of the United States of America; the agency that organizes and trains soldiers for land warfare
  • arrowroot -  white-flowered West Indian plant whose root yields arrowroot starch; a nutritive starch obtained from the root of the arrowroot plant; canna grown especially for its edible rootstock from which arrowroot starch is obtained
  • arroz con pollo -  rice and chicken cooked together Spanish style; highly seasoned especially with saffron
  • artemisia absinthium -  aromatic herb of temperate Eurasia and North Africa having a bitter taste used in making the liqueur absinthe
  • artemisia tridentata -  aromatic shrub of arid regions of western North America having hoary leaves
  • artichoke -  a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heart; Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head
  • asafoetida -  the brownish gum resin of various plants; has strong taste and odor; formerly used as an antispasmodic
  • asarum canadense -  deciduous low-growing perennial of Canada and eastern and central United States
  • ascophyllum -  brown algae distinguished by compressed or inflated branchlets along the axis
  • asimina triloba -  small tree native to the eastern United States having oblong leaves and fleshy fruit
  • asparagus -  edible young shoots of the asparagus plant; plant whose succulent young shoots are cooked and eaten as a vegetable
  • asparagus bean -  South American bean having very long succulent pods
  • aspartame -  an artificial sweetener made from aspartic acid; used as a calorie-free sweetener
  • aspic -  savory jelly based on fish or meat stock used as a mold for meats or vegetables
  • astragalus -  large genus of annual or perennial herbs or shrubs of north temperate regions; largest genus in the family Leguminosae; the bone in the ankle that articulates with the leg bones to form the ankle joint
  • atole -  eaten as mush or as a thin gruel
  • atriplex hortensis -  Asiatic plant resembling spinach often used as a potherb; naturalized in Europe and North America
  • attar -  essential oil or perfume obtained from flowers
  • au jus -  served in its natural juices or gravy
  • australia -  a nation occupying the whole of the Australian continent; aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years ago; first Europeans were British convicts sent there as a penal colony; the smallest continent; between the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean
  • babassu oil -  fatty oil from kernels of babassu nuts similar to coconut oil
  • bacon -  back and sides of a hog salted and dried or smoked; usually sliced thin and fried; English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626); English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)
  • bagasse -  the dry dusty pulp that remains after juice is extracted from sugar cane or similar plants
  • bagel -  (Yiddish) glazed yeast-raised doughnut-shaped roll with hard crust
  • baked alaska -  cake covered with ice cream and meringue browned quickly in an oven
  • baked potato -  potato that has been cooked by baking it in an oven
  • bakery -  a workplace where baked goods (breads and cakes and pastries) are produced or sold
  • baking -  as hot as if in an oven;  cooking by dry heat in an oven; making bread or cake or pastry etc.
  • baking chocolate -  pure unsweetened chocolate used in baking and icings and sauces and candy
  • baking powder -  any of various powdered mixtures used in baking as a substitute for yeast
  • baklava -  rich Middle Eastern cake made of thin layers of flaky pastry filled with nuts and honey
  • balsam of peru -  dark brown syrupy balsam from the Peruvian balsam tree used especially in dressing wounds and treating certain skin diseases
  • bamboo -  woody tropical grass having hollow woody stems; mature canes used for construction and furniture; the hard woody stems of bamboo plants; used in construction and crafts and fishing poles
  • banana -  elongated crescent-shaped yellow fruit with soft sweet flesh; any of several tropical and subtropical treelike herbs of the genus Musa having a terminal crown of large entire leaves and usually bearing hanging clusters of elongated fruits
  • bandung -  a city in Indonesia; located on western Java (southeast of Jakarta); a resort known for its climate
  • banjo -  a stringed instrument of the guitar family that has long neck and circular body
  • bannock -  a flat bread made of oat or barley flour; common in New England and Scotland
  • bantam -  very small;  any of various small breeds of fowl
  • barbarea -  biennial or perennial herbs of north temperate regions: winter cress
  • barbecue -  a rack to hold meat for cooking over hot charcoal usually out of doors; a cookout in which food is cooked over an open fire; especially a whole animal carcass roasted on a spit; meat that has been barbecued or grilled in a highly seasoned sauce;  cook outdoors on a barbecue grill
  • barbecue sauce -  spicy sweet and sour sauce usually based on catsup or chili sauce
  • barley -  a grain of barley; cultivated since prehistoric times; grown for forage and grain
  • barley-sugar -  a brittle transparent candy made by melting and cooling cane sugar
  • barm -  a commercial leavening agent containing yeast cells; used to raise the dough in making bread and for fermenting beer or whiskey
  • barrel -  a cylindrical container that holds liquids; a tube through which a bullet travels when a gun is fired; any of various units of capacity; the quantity that a barrel (of any size) will hold; a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends;  put in barrels
  • batter -  a flour mixture thin enough to pour or drop from a spoon; (baseball) a ballplayer who is batting;  make a dent or impression in; strike violently and repeatedly; strike against forcefully
  • baum -  United States writer of children's books (1856-1919)
  • bazooka -  a portable rocket launcher used by infantrymen as an antitank weapon
  • beacon -  a tower with a light that gives warning of shoals to passing ships; a fire (usually on a hill or tower) that can be seen from a distance; a radio station that broadcasts a directional signal for navigational purposes;  guide with a beacon; shine like a beacon
  • bean -  any of various edible seeds of plants of the family Leguminosae used for food; any of various leguminous plants grown for their edible seeds and pods; any of various seeds or fruits that are beans or resemble beans; informal terms for a human head;  hit on the head, especially with a pitched baseball
  • beanfeast -  an annual dinner party given by an employer for the employees
  • bear claw -  claw of a bear; often used in jewelry; an incised design resembling the claw of a bear; used in Native American pottery; almond-flavored yeast-raised pastry shaped in an irregular semicircle resembling a bear's claw
  • beech -  any of several large deciduous trees with rounded spreading crowns and smooth grey bark and small sweet edible triangular nuts enclosed in burs; north temperate regions; wood of any of various beech trees; used for flooring and containers and plywood and tool handles
  • beef -  cattle that are reared for their meat; meat from an adult domestic bovine; informal terms for objecting;  complain
  • beef stroganoff -  sauteed strips of beef and mushrooms in sour cream sauce served with noodles
  • beef wellington -  rare-roasted beef tenderloin coated with mushroom paste in puff pastry
  • beetroot -  beet having a massively swollen red root; widely grown for human consumption; round red root vegetable
  • beignet -  a square, very rich drop friedcake dusted with confectioners' sugar
  • benedictine -  of or relating to the Benedictines; of or relating to Saint Benedict or his works;  a French liqueur originally made by Benedictine monks; a monk or nun belonging to the order founded by Saint Benedict
  • berberis canadensis -  deciduous shrub of eastern North America whose leaves turn scarlet in autumn and having racemes of yellow flowers followed by ellipsoid glossy red berries
  • beta vulgaris -  biennial Eurasian plant usually having a swollen edible root; widely cultivated as a food crop
  • betula nigra -  birch of swamps and river bottoms throughout the eastern United States having reddish-brown bark
  • beurre noisette -  clarified butter browned slowly and seasoned with vinegar or lemon juice and capers
  • beverage -  any liquid suitable for drinking
  • bhang -  a preparation of the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant; much used in India
  • bialy -  flat crusty-bottomed onion roll
  • biltong -  meat that is salted and cut into strips and dried in the sun
  • bird food -  food given to birds; usually mixed seeds
  • biryani -  an Indian dish made with highly seasoned rice and meat or fish or vegetables
  • biscuit -  small round bread leavened with baking-powder or soda; any of various small flat sweet cakes (`biscuit' is the British term)
  • bisque -  a thick cream soup made from shellfish
  • bitterroot -  showy succulent ground-hugging plant of Rocky Mountains regions having deep to pale pink flowers and fleshy farinaceous roots; the Montana state flower
  • bivalve -  used of mollusks having two shells (as clams etc.);  marine or freshwater mollusks having a soft body with platelike gills enclosed within two shells hinged together
  • blancmange -  sweet almond-flavored milk pudding thickened with gelatin or cornstarch; usually molded
  • blini -  Russian pancake of buckwheat flour and yeast; usually served with caviar and sour cream
  • bloater -  large fatty herring lightly salted and briefly smoked
  • blue cheese dressing -  vinaigrette containing crumbled Roquefort or blue cheese; creamy dressing containing crumbled blue cheese
  • blueberry -  sweet edible dark-blue berries of either low-growing or high-growing blueberry plants; any of numerous shrubs of the genus Vaccinium bearing blueberries
  • boeuf -  meat from an adult domestic bovine
  • boiled egg -  egg cooked briefly in the shell in gently boiling water
  • bok choy -  elongated head of dark green leaves on thick white stalks; Asiatic plant grown for its cluster of edible white stalks with dark green leaves
  • boletellus russellii -  a fungus with a long coarsely shaggy reticulate stalk and a rimose areolate cap surface
  • boletus edulis -  a edible and choice fungus; has a convex cap that is slightly viscid when fresh and moist but soon dries and a thick bulbous tan stalk
  • bologna sausage -  large smooth-textured smoked sausage of beef and veal and pork
  • bonbon -  a candy that usually has a center of fondant or fruit or nuts coated in chocolate
  • book -  physical objects consisting of a number of pages bound together; a number of sheets (ticket or stamps etc.) bound together on one edge; a major division of a long written composition; a written work or composition that has been published (printed on pages bound together); a collection of rules or prescribed standards on the basis of which decisions are made; a collection of playing cards satisfying the rules of a card game; the sacred writings of the Christian religions; the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina; a compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone; a written version of a play or other dramatic composition; used in preparing for a performance; a record in which commercial accounts are recorded;  engage for a performance; record a charge in a police register; register in a hotel booker; arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance
  • borage -  leaves flavor sauces and punches; young leaves eaten in salads or cooked; hairy blue-flowered European annual herb long used in herbal medicine and eaten raw as salad greens or cooked like spinach
  • borax -  an ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent
  • borscht -  a Russian soup usually containing beet juice as a foundation
  • botany -  the branch of biology that studies plants; all the plant life in a particular region or period
  • boule -  an inlaid furniture decoration; tortoiseshell and yellow and white metal form scrolls in cabinetwork
  • bovril -  an extract of beef (given to people who are ill)
  • brachychiton populneus -  widely distributed tree of eastern Australia yielding a tough durable fiber and soft light attractively grained wood; foliage is an important emergency food for cattle
  • bran -  food prepared from the husks of cereal grains; broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
  • brand -  a recognizable kind; identification mark on skin, made by burning; a piece of wood that has been burned or is burning; a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and a hilt with a hand guard; a symbol of disgrace or infamy; a name given to a product or service;  burn with a branding iron to indicate ownership; of animals; mark or expose as infamous; to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful
  • brassica nigra -  widespread Eurasian annual plant cultivated for its pungent seeds; a principal source of table mustard
  • brassica rapa -  widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root
  • brawn -  possessing muscular strength
  • brazil -  the largest Latin American country and the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world; located in the central and northeastern part of South America; world's leading coffee exporter; three-sided tropical American nut with white oily meat and hard brown shell
  • brazil nut -  three-sided tropical American nut with white oily meat and hard brown shell; tall South American tree bearing brazil nuts
  • bread -  food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked; informal terms for money;  cover with bread crumbs
  • bread sauce -  creamy white sauce made with bread instead of flour and seasoned with cloves and onion
  • breadfruit -  a large round seedless or seeded fruit with a texture like bread; eaten boiled or baked or roasted or ground into flour; the roasted seeds resemble chestnuts; native to Pacific islands and having edible fruit with a texture like bread
  • breakaway -  having separated or advocating separation from another entity or policy or attitude;  the act of breaking away or withdrawing from
  • brioche -  a light roll rich with eggs and butter and somewhat sweet
  • brittle -  having little elasticity; hence easily cracked or fractured or snapped; (of metal or glass) not annealed and consequently easily cracked or fractured; lacking warmth and generosity of spirit;  caramelized sugar cooled in thin sheets
  • broad-bean -  Old World upright plant grown especially for its large flat edible seeds but also as fodder
  • broccoli -  branched green undeveloped flower heads; plant with dense clusters of tight green flower buds
  • broth -  a thin soup of meat or fish or vegetable stock; liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces
  • brown -  (of skin) deeply suntanned; of a color similar to that of wood or earth;  an orange of low brightness and saturation; abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858); Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773-1858); a university in Rhode Island;  fry in a pan until it changes color
  • brown betty -  baked pudding of apples and breadcrumbs
  • brown bread -  dark steamed bread made of cornmeal wheat and flour with molasses and soda and milk or water; bread made with whole wheat flour
  • brown sauce -  bouillon or beef stock thickened with butter and flour roux and variously seasoned with herbs or Worcestershire etc.; a sauce based on soy sauce
  • brunswick stew -  spicy southern specialty: chicken (or small game) with corn and tomatoes and lima beans and okra and onions and potatoes
  • brussels sprout -  plant grown for its stout stalks of edible small green heads resembling diminutive cabbages
  • bryonia dioica -  bryony having fleshy roots pale green flowers and very small red berries; Europe; North Africa; western Asia
  • buffet -  a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers; a meal set out on a buffet at which guests help themselves; usually inexpensive bar;  strike, beat repeatedly; strike against forcefully
  • burgoo -  thick spicy stew of whatever meat and whatever vegetables are available; southern United States; a gathering at which burgoo stew is served; porridge made of rolled oats
  • burrito -  a flour tortilla folded around a filling
  • burton -  a strong dark English ale; Welsh film actor who often co-starred with Elizabeth Taylor (1925-1984); English explorer who with John Speke was the first European to explore Lake Tanganyika (1821-1890)
  • butcher -  a person who slaughters or dresses meat for market; a brutal indiscriminate murderer; a retailer of meat; someone who makes mistakes because of incompetence;  kill (animals) usually for food consumption
  • butcher block -  a thick wooden slab formed by bonding together thick laminated strips of unpainted hardwood
  • butter -  an edible emulsion of fat globules made by churning milk or cream; for cooking and table use; a fighter who strikes the opponent with his head;  spread butter on
  • butter churn -  a vessel in which cream is agitated to separate butterfat from buttermilk
  • butter knife -  a small knife with a dull blade; for cutting or spreading butter
  • butterfat -  the fatty substance of milk from which butter is made
  • buttermilk -  residue from making butter from sour raw milk; or pasteurized milk curdled by adding a culture
  • butterscotch -  a hard brittle candy made with butter and brown sugar
  • buttery -  resembling or containing or spread with butter; unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating in manner or speech;  a teashop where students in British universities can purchase light meals; a small storeroom for storing foods or wines
  • butyric acid -  an unpleasant smelling fatty acid found especially in butter
  • cabbage -  any of various types of cabbage; any of various cultivars of the genus Brassica oleracea grown for their edible leaves or flowers; informal terms for money;  make off with belongings of others
  • caesar salad -  typically having fried croutons and dressing made with a raw egg
  • cajanus cajan -  tropical woody herb with showy yellow flowers and flat pods; much cultivated in the tropics
  • cake -  a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); made from or based on a mixture of flour and sugar and eggs; small flat mass of chopped food;  form a coat over
  • calabash -  a pipe for smoking; has a curved stem and a large bowl made from a calabash gourd; tropical American evergreen that produces large round gourds; round gourd of the calabash tree; bottle made from the dried shell of a bottle gourd; Old World climbing plant with hard-shelled bottle-shaped gourds as fruits
  • calamus rotang -  climbing palm of Sri Lanka and southern India remarkable for the great length of the stems which are used for malacca canes
  • calcium chloride -  a deliquescent salt; used in de-icing and as a drying agent
  • calcium stearate -  an insoluble calcium salt of stearic acid and palmitic acid; it is formed when soap is mixed with water that contains calcium ions and is the scum produced in regions of hard water
  • calochortus amabilis -  globe lily having open branched clusters of clear yellow egg-shaped flowers; northern California
  • calochortus elegans -  small plant with slender bent stems bearing branched clusters of a few white star-shaped flowers with petals shaped like cat's ears; southeastern Washington and northeastern Oregon to Montana
  • calochortus nuttallii -  perennial plant having clusters of one to four showy white bell-shaped flowers atop erect unbranched stems; edible bulbs useful in times of scarcity; eastern Montana and western North Dakota south to northern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico
  • calvatia gigantea -  huge edible puffball up to 2 feet diameter and 25 pounds in weight
  • calypso bulbosa -  rare north temperate bog orchid bearing a solitary white to pink flower marked with purple at the tip of an erect reddish stalk above 1 basal leaf
  • camassia -  genus of scapose herbs of North and South America having large edible bulbs
  • camassia quamash -  plant having a large edible bulb and linear basal leaves and racemes of light to deep violet-blue star-shaped flowers on tall green scapes; western North America
  • cameo -  engraving or carving in low relief on a stone (as in a brooch or ring)
  • campanula rapunculus -  bellflower of Europe and Asia and North Africa having bluish flowers and an edible tuberous root used with the leaves in salad
  • canada -  a nation in northern North America; the French were the first Europeans to settle in mainland Canada
  • canary grass -  Canary Islands grass; seeds used as feed for caged birds
  • canavalia gladiata -  twining tropical Old World plant bearing long pods usually with red or brown beans; long cultivated in Orient for food
  • candelilla wax -  a hard brown wax that occurs as a coating on candelilla shrubs
  • candied fruit -  fruit cooked in sugar syrup and encrusted with a sugar crystals
  • candy -  a rich sweet made of flavored sugar and often combined with fruit or nuts;  coat with something sweet, such as a hard sugar glaze
  • candy apple -  an apple that is covered with a candy-like substance (usually caramelized sugar)
  • candy cane -  a hard candy in the shape of a rod (usually with stripes)
  • candy corn -  a small yellow and white candy shaped to resemble a kernel of corn
  • canna indica -  canna grown especially for its edible rootstock from which arrowroot starch is obtained
  • cannelloni -  tubular pasta filled with meat or cheese
  • cannibalism -  the practice of eating the flesh of your own kind
  • cantharellus -  a well-known genus of fungus; has funnel-shaped fruiting body; includes the chanterelles
  • cantharellus cibarius -  widely distributed edible mushroom rich yellow in color with a smooth cap and a pleasant apricot aroma
  • caper -  a playful leap or hop; a crime (especially a robbery); pickled flower buds used as a pungent relish in various dishes and sauces; any of numerous plants of the genus Capparis; a ludicrous or grotesque act done for fun and amusement; gay or light-hearted recreational activity for diversion or amusement;  jump about playfully
  • cappelletti -  small circular or square cases of dough with savory fillings
  • caragana arborescens -  large spiny shrub of eastern Asia having clusters of yellow flowers; often cultivated in shelterbelts and hedges
  • carambola -  deeply ridged yellow-brown tropical fruit; used raw as a vegetable or in salad or when fully ripe as a dessert; East Indian tree bearing deeply ridged yellow-brown fruit
  • caramel -  having the color of caramel; of a moderate yellow-brown;  burnt sugar; used to color and flavor food; firm chewy candy made from caramelized sugar and butter and milk; a medium to dark tan color
  • caramel apple -  an apple that is covered with a candy-like substance (usually caramelized sugar)
  • caraway -  leaves used sparingly in soups and stews; a Eurasian plant with small white flowers yielding caraway seed
  • cardamom -  aromatic seeds used as seasoning like cinnamon and cloves especially in pickles and barbecue sauces; rhizomatous herb of India having aromatic seeds used as seasoning
  • cardoon -  only parts eaten are roots and especially stalks (blanched and used as celery); related to artichokes; southern European plant having spiny leaves and purple flowers cultivated for its edible leafstalks and roots
  • carnassial -  (of a tooth) adapted for shearing flesh
  • carnation -  pink or pinkish;  a pink or reddish-pink color; Eurasian plant with pink to purple-red spice-scented usually double flowers; widely cultivated in many varieties and many colors
  • carnauba wax -  hard yellowish to brownish wax from leaves of the carnauba palm used especially in floor waxes and polishes
  • carnivore -  any animal that feeds on flesh; a terrestrial or aquatic flesh-eating mammal
  • carob -  powder from the ground seeds and pods of the carob tree; used as a chocolate substitute; evergreen Mediterranean tree with edible pods; the biblical carob; long pod containing small beans and sweetish edible pulp; used as animal feed and source of a chocolate substitute
  • carpobrotus edulis -  low-growing South African succulent plant having a capsular fruit containing edible pulp
  • carrageenan -  a colloidal extract from carrageen seaweed and other red algae
  • carrot -  promise of reward as in "carrot and stick"; orange root; important source of carotene; perennial plant widely cultivated as an annual in many varieties for its long conical orange edible roots; temperate and tropical regions; deep orange edible root of the cultivated carrot plant
  • carya glabra -  an American hickory tree having bitter nuts
  • carya laciniosa -  hickory of the eastern United States resembling the shagbark but having a much larger nut
  • carya ovata -  North American hickory having loose grey shaggy bark and edible nuts
  • carya tomentosa -  smooth-barked North American hickory with 7 to 9 leaflets bearing a hard-shelled edible nut
  • caryocar nuciferum -  large South American evergreen tree trifoliate leaves and drupes with nutlike seeds used as food and a source of cooking oil
  • casein -  a milk protein used in making e.g. plastics and adhesives; a water-base paint made with a protein precipitated from milk
  • cashew -  kidney-shaped nut edible only when roasted; tropical American evergreen tree bearing kidney-shaped nuts that are edible only when roasted
  • cassareep -  flavoring made by boiling down the juice of the bitter cassava; used in West Indian cooking
  • cassava -  any of several plants of the genus Manihot having fleshy roots yielding a nutritious starch; cassava root eaten as a staple food after drying and leaching; source of tapioca; a starch made by leaching and drying the root of the cassava plant; the source of tapioca; a staple food in the tropics
  • casserole -  large deep dish in which food can be cooked and served; food cooked and served in a casserole
  • castanea mollissima -  a small tree with small sweet nuts; wild or naturalized in Korea and China
  • castanea pumila -  shrubby chestnut tree of southeastern United States having small edible nuts
  • castanea sativa -  wild or cultivated throughout southern Europe, northwestern Africa and southwestern Asia
  • castile soap -  a good hard soap made from olive oil and sodium hydroxide
  • cauliflower -  compact head of white undeveloped flowers; a plant having a large edible head of crowded white flower buds
  • caviar -  salted roe of sturgeon or other large fish; usually served as an hors d'oeuvre
  • celeriac -  thickened edible aromatic root of a variety of celery plant; grown for its thickened edible aromatic root
  • celery -  stalks eaten raw or cooked or used as seasoning; widely cultivated herb with aromatic leaf stalks that are eaten raw or cooked
  • celosia -  annual or perennial herbs or vines of tropical and subtropical America and Asia and Africa
  • celtuce -  leaves having celery-like stems eaten raw or cooked; lettuce valued especially for its edible stems
  • cenchrus ciliaris -  erect tussock-forming perennial bur grass used particularly in South Africa and Australia for pasture and forage
  • centranthus ruber -  European herb with small fragrant crimson or white spurred flowers
  • cereal -  made of grain or relating to grain or the plants that produce it;  a breakfast food prepared from grain; grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat; rice; rye; oats; maize; buckwheat; millet; foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses
  • ceylon -  an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of India; a republic on the island of Ceylon; became independent of the United Kingdom in 1948
  • chafing dish -  a metal pan over a heater; used to cook or to keep things warm at the table
  • challah -  (Judaism) a loaf of white bread containing eggs and leavened with yeast; often formed into braided loaves and glazed with eggs before baking
  • chang -  the longest river of Asia; flows eastward from Tibet into the East China Sea near Shanghai
  • chanterelle -  widely distributed edible mushroom rich yellow in color with a smooth cap and a pleasant apricot aroma
  • chapati -  flat pancake-like bread cooked on a griddle
  • charcuterie -  a delicatessen that specializes in meats
  • chard -  long succulent whitish stalks with large green leaves; beet lacking swollen root; grown as a vegetable for its edible leaves and stalks
  • charlotte -  a mold lined with cake or crumbs and filled with fruit or whipped cream or custard; the largest city in North Carolina; located in south central North Carolina
  • cheese -  a solid food prepared from the pressed curd of milk; erect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States;  wind onto a cheese; used in the imperative (get away, or stop it)
  • cheese spread -  spread made of cheese mixed with butter or cream or cream cheese and seasonings
  • cheesecake -  a photograph of an attractive woman in minimal attire; made with sweetened cream cheese and eggs and cream baked in a crumb crust
  • chemistry -  the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions; the way two individuals relate to each other
  • chenopodium album -  common weedy European plant introduced into North America; often used as a potherb
  • cherimoya -  large tropical fruit with leathery skin and soft pulp; related to custard apples; small tropical American tree bearing round or oblong fruit
  • cherry tomato -  small red to yellow tomatoes; plant bearing small red to yellow fruit
  • chervil -  fresh ferny parsley-like leaves used as a garnish with chicken and veal and omelets and green salads and spinach; aromatic annual Old World herb cultivated for its finely divided and often curly leaves for use especially in soups and salads
  • chestnut -  (of hair) of a golden brown to reddish brown color;  a dark golden-brown or reddish-brown horse; a small horny callus on the inner surface of a horse's leg; edible nut of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea; any of several attractive deciduous trees yellow-brown in autumn; yield a hard wood and edible nuts in a prickly bur; wood of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea
  • chewing gum -  a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing; a gum prepared for chewing; sweetened and flavored
  • chicken -  easily frightened;  a domestic fowl bred for flesh or eggs; believed to have been developed from the red jungle fowl; a foolhardy competition; a dangerous activity that is continued until one competitor becomes afraid and stops; the flesh of a chicken used for food; a person who lacks confidence, is irresolute and wishy-washy
  • chicken kiev -  pounded chicken cutlets rolled around butter (that has been seasoned with herbs) and then covered with crumbs and fried
  • chicken salad -  salad composed primarily of chopped chicken meat
  • chickpea -  large white roundish Asiatic legume; usually dried; Asiatic herb cultivated for its short pods with one or two edible seeds; the seed of the chickpea plant
  • chicory -  crisp spiky leaves with somewhat bitter taste; root of the chicory plant roasted and ground to substitute for or adulterate coffee; perennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads; the dried root of the chicory plant: used as a coffee substitute
  • chili con carne -  ground beef and chili peppers or chili powder often with tomatoes and kidney beans
  • chili dog -  a hotdog with chili con carne on it
  • chili pepper -  very hot and finely tapering pepper of special pungency; plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
  • chinese cabbage -  elongated head of crisp celery-like stalks and light green leaves; plant with an elongated head of broad stalked leaves resembling celery; used as a vegetable in east Asia
  • chinese yam -  hardy Chinese vine naturalized in United States and cultivated as an ornamental climber for its glossy heart-shaped cinnamon-scented leaves and in the tropics for its edible tubers
  • chipotle -  a ripe jalapeno that has been dried for use in cooking
  • chlorella -  any alga of the genus Chlorella
  • chloris gayana -  perennial grass of South Africa introduced into United States; cultivated as forage grass in dry regions
  • choc-ice -  colloquial British abbreviation for chocolate ice cream
  • chocolate -  a medium brown to dark-brown color; a food made from roasted ground cacao beans; a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • chocolate liquor -  the liquid or paste that is produced when cocoa beans are roasted and ground; the basis of all chocolate
  • chocolate pudding -  sweet chocolate flavored custard-like pudding usually thickened with flour rather than eggs
  • chocolate syrup -  sauce made with unsweetened chocolate or cocoa and sugar and water
  • chomp -  the act of gripping or chewing off with the teeth and jaws;  chew noisily
  • chondrin -  a substance that resembles gelatin and is obtained by boiling cartilage in water
  • chondrus crispus -  dark purple edible seaweed of the Atlantic coasts of Europe and North America
  • chorizo -  a spicy Spanish pork sausage
  • chow chow -  breed of medium-sized dogs with a thick coat and fluffy curled tails and distinctive blue-black tongues; believed to have originated in northern China
  • chrism -  a consecrated ointment consisting of a mixture of oil and balsam
  • christmas cake -  a rich fruitcake (usually covered with icing and marzipan) and eaten at Christmas
  • chrysanthemum -  any of numerous perennial Old World herbs having showy brightly colored flower heads of the genera Chrysanthemum, Argyranthemum, Dendranthema, Tanacetum; widely cultivated; the flower of a chrysanthemum plant
  • chrysophyllum cainito -  evergreen tree of West Indies and Central America having edible purple fruit star-shaped in cross section and dark green leaves with golden silky undersides
  • chunky -  like or containing small sticky lumps; short and thick; as e.g. having short legs and heavy musculature
  • churning -  (of a liquid) agitated vigorously; in a state of turbulence; moving with or producing or produced by vigorous agitation
  • chutney -  chopped fruits or green tomatoes cooked in vinegar and sugar with ginger and spices
  • cicer -  chickpea plant; Asiatic herbs
  • cicer arietinum -  Asiatic herb cultivated for its short pods with one or two edible seeds
  • cichorium endivia -  widely cultivated herb with leaves valued as salad green; either curly serrated leaves or broad flat ones that are usually blanched
  • cider -  a beverage made from juice pressed from apples
  • cider mill -  mill that extracts juice from apples to make apple cider
  • cinnamon roll -  rolled dough spread with cinnamon and sugar (and raisins) then sliced before baking
  • cirsium arvense -  European thistle naturalized in United States and Canada where it is a pernicious weed
  • cirsium vulgare -  European thistle with rather large heads and prickly leaves; extensively naturalized as a weed in the United States
  • citrus -  any of numerous fruits of the genus Citrus having thick rind and juicy pulp; grown in warm regions; any of numerous tropical usually thorny evergreen trees of the genus Citrus having leathery evergreen leaves and widely cultivated for their juicy edible fruits having leathery aromatic rinds
  • clabber -  raw milk that has soured and thickened;  turn into curds
  • clam dip -  a dip made of clams and soft cream cheese
  • clambake -  a cookout at the seashore where clams and fish and other foods are cooked--usually on heated stones covered with seaweed
  • clarified butter -  butter made clear by heating and removing the sediment of milk solids
  • claytonia virginica -  small cormous perennial grown for its low rosette of succulent foliage and racemes of pink-tinged white flowers; eastern North America
  • cleome serrulata -  plant of western North America having trifoliate leaves and white or pink spider-shaped flowers; sometimes used as an ornamental
  • clitocybe nuda -  edible agaric that is pale lilac when young; has a smooth moist cap
  • clover -  a plant of the genus Trifolium
  • club sandwich -  made with three slices of usually toasted bread
  • coal oil -  a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters
  • cobbler -  tall sweetened iced drink of wine or liquor with fruit; a person who makes or repairs shoes; made of fruit with rich biscuit dough usually only on top of the fruit
  • coca cola -  Coca Cola is a trademarked cola
  • cochineal -  a red dyestuff consisting of dried bodies of female cochineal insects; Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacti; the source of a red dye
  • cockle -  common edible European bivalve mollusk having a rounded shell with radiating ribs; common edible European bivalve;  to gather something into small wrinkles or folds; stir up (water) so as to form ripples
  • cocoa bean -  seed of the cacao tree; ground roasted beans are source of chocolate
  • cocoa butter -  the vegetable fat from the cacao that is extracted from chocolate liquor; the basis for white chocolate; a yellow-white fat from cocoa beans
  • coconut -  large hard-shelled oval nut with a fibrous husk containing thick white meat surrounding a central cavity filled (when fresh) with fluid or milk; the edible white meat a coconut; often shredded for use in e.g. cakes and curries; tall palm tree bearing coconuts as fruits; widely planted throughout the tropics
  • coconut cake -  cake containing shredded coconut in batter and frosting
  • coconut milk -  clear to whitish fluid from within a fresh coconut; white liquid obtained from compressing fresh coconut meat
  • cocoyam -  tropical starchy tuberous root; edible starchy tuberous root of taro plants
  • coddled egg -  egg cooked briefly in the shell in gently boiling water
  • coffea arabica -  shrubby tree of northeastern tropical Africa widely cultivated in tropical or near tropical regions for its seed which form most of the commercial coffee
  • coffea canephora -  native to West Africa but grown in Java and elsewhere; resistant to coffee rust
  • coffee bean -  a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • coffee cake -  a cake or sweet bread usually served with coffee
  • cohune oil -  semisolid fat from nuts of the cohune palm; used in cooking and soap making
  • coleus amboinicus -  an aromatic fleshy herb of India and Ceylon to South Africa; sometimes placed in genus Plectranthus
  • collagen -  a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatin on boiling
  • collard -  variety of kale having smooth leaves
  • colocasia esculenta -  herb of the Pacific islands grown throughout the tropics for its edible root and in temperate areas as an ornamental for its large glossy leaves
  • colostrum -  milky fluid secreted for the first day or two after parturition
  • colza oil -  edible light yellow to brown oil from rapeseed used also as a lubricant or illuminant
  • comb -  the act of drawing a comb through hair; the fleshy red crest on the head of the domestic fowl and other gallinaceous birds; ciliated comb-like swimming plate of a ctenophore; a flat device with narrow pointed teeth on one edge; disentangles or arranges hair; any of several tools for straightening fibers; a fleshy and deeply serrated outgrowth atop the heads of certain birds especially domestic fowl;  smoothen and neaten with or as with a comb; search thoroughly; straighten with a comb
  • comfit -  candy containing a fruit or nut;  make into a confection
  • common fig -  Mediterranean tree widely cultivated for its edible fruit
  • company -  an institution created to conduct business; a unit of firefighters including their equipment; a social gathering of guests or companions; organization of performers and associated personnel (especially theatrical); small military unit; usually two or three platoons; the state of being with someone; crew of a ship including the officers; the whole force or personnel of a ship; a band of people associated temporarily in some activity; a social or business visitor;  be a companion to somebody
  • compote -  dessert of stewed or baked fruit
  • concoction -  the invention of a scheme or story to suit some purpose; an occurrence of an unusual mixture; any foodstuff made by combining different ingredients; the act of creating something (a medicine or drink or soup etc.) by compounding or mixing a variety of components
  • condiment -  a preparation (a sauce or relish or spice) to enhance flavor or enjoyment
  • confection -  the act of creating something (a medicine or drink or soup etc.) by compounding or mixing a variety of components; a food rich in sugar;  make into a confection
  • confectionery -  the occupation and skills of a confectioner; a confectioner's shop; candy and other sweets considered collectively
  • confit -  a piece of meat (especially a duck) cooked slowly in its own fat
  • congener -  an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus)
  • continental -  being or concerning or limited to a continent especially the continents of North America or Europe; of or relating to or characteristic of a continent; of or pertaining to or typical of Europe; of or relating to or concerning the American colonies during and immediately after the American Revolutionary War
  • convenience food -  any packaged dish or food that can be prepared quickly and easily as by thawing or heating
  • cookie -  a short line of text that a web site puts on your computer's hard drive when you access the web site; any of various small flat sweet cakes (`biscuit' is the British term); the cook on a ranch or at a camp
  • cooking -  the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
  • cooking apple -  an apple used primarily in cooking for pies and applesauce etc
  • cooking oil -  any of numerous vegetable oils used in cooking
  • cooler -  a refrigerator for cooling liquids; a cell for violent prisoners; an iced drink especially white wine and fruit juice
  • copaiba -  an oleoresin used in varnishes and ointments
  • copra -  the dried meat of the coconut from which oil is extracted
  • coprinus comatus -  common edible mushroom having an elongated shaggy white cap and black spores
  • coq au vin -  chicken and onions and mushrooms braised in red wine and seasonings
  • corchorus -  widely distributed genus of tropical herbs or subshrubs; especially Asia; any of various plants of the genus Corchorus having large leaves and cymose clusters of yellow flowers; a source of jute
  • cordia -  tropical deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs of the family Boraginaceae
  • cordial -  sincerely or intensely felt; showing warm and heartfelt friendliness; diffusing warmth and friendliness;  strong highly flavored sweet liquor usually drunk after a meal
  • cordon bleu -  a chef famous for his great skill; an honor or award gained for excellence
  • cordyline australis -  elegant tree having either a single trunk or a branching trunk each with terminal clusters of long narrow leaves and large panicles of fragrant white, yellow or red flowers; New Zealand
  • coriander -  parsley-like herb used as seasoning or garnish; dried coriander seeds used whole or ground; Old World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley
  • corn chip -  thin piece of cornmeal dough fried
  • corn oil -  oil from the germs of corn grains
  • corn smut -  a smut fungus attacking Indian corn
  • cornbread -  bread made primarily of cornmeal
  • cornus mas -  deciduous European shrub or small tree having bright red fruit
  • cortland -  large apple with a red skin
  • corylus cornuta -  hazel of western United States with conspicuous beaklike involucres on the nuts
  • cottage cheese -  mild white cheese made from curds of soured skim milk
  • cotton candy -  a candy made by spinning sugar that has been boiled to a high temperature
  • cough drop -  a medicated lozenge used to soothe the throat
  • couscous -  a pasta made in northern Africa of crushed and steamed semolina; a spicy dish that originated in northern Africa; consists of pasta steamed with a meat and vegetable stew
  • cowpea -  sprawling Old World annual cultivated especially in southern United States for food and forage and green manure; fruit or seed of the cowpea plant; eaten fresh as shell beans or dried
  • cracker -  a party favor consisting of a paper roll (usually containing candy or a small favor) that pops when pulled at both ends; a thin crisp wafer made of flour and water with or without leavening and shortening; unsweetened or semisweet; a programmer who `cracks' (gains unauthorized access to) computers, typically to do malicious things; firework consisting of a small explosive charge and fuse in a heavy paper casing; a poor white person in the southern United States
  • cracklings -  the crisp residue left after lard has been rendered
  • crambe maritima -  perennial of coastal sands and shingles of northern Europe and Baltic and Black Seas having racemes of small white flowers and large fleshy blue-green leaves often used as potherbs
  • crataegus -  thorny shrubs and small trees: hawthorn; thorn; thorn apple
  • cream -  toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin; the part of milk containing the butterfat; the best people or things in a group;  add cream to one's coffee, for example; put on cream, as on one's face or body; beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight; make creamy by beating; remove from the surface
  • cream cheese -  soft unripened cheese made of sweet milk and cream
  • creamery -  a workplace where dairy products (butter and cheese etc.) are produced or sold
  • crimson -  characterized by violence or bloodshed; (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion; of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies;  a deep and vivid red color;  turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame
  • criollo -  cocoa of superior quality; a Spanish American of pure European stock (usually Spanish)
  • crisp -  brief and to the point; effectively cut short; (of something seen or heard) clearly defined; of hair in small tight curls; pleasingly firm and fresh and making a crunching noise when chewed; pleasantly cold and invigorating; tender and brittle;  a thin crisp slice of potato fried in deep fat;  make brown and crisp by heating; make wrinkles or creases into a smooth surface
  • croquette -  minced cooked meats (or vegetables) in thick white sauce; breaded and deep-fried
  • crosse -  a long racket with a triangular frame; used in playing lacrosse
  • croton oil -  viscid acrid brownish-yellow oil from the seeds of Croton tiglium having a violent cathartic action
  • crouton -  a small piece of toasted or fried bread; served in soup or salads
  • cruet-stand -  a stand for cruets containing various condiments
  • cruise ship -  a passenger ship used commercially for pleasure cruises
  • cruller -  small friedcake formed into twisted strips and fried; richer than doughnuts
  • crumble -  break or fall apart into fragments; fall apart; fall into decay or ruin
  • crumpet -  raised muffin cooked on a griddle
  • crunch -  the sound of something crunching; a critical situation that arises because of a shortage (as a shortage of time or money or resources); the act of crushing;  make crunching noises; chew noisily; press or grind with a crunching noise; reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading
  • crust -  the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties; the outer layer of the Earth; a hard outer layer that covers something;  form a crust or form into a crust
  • cuban sandwich -  a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States
  • cucumber -  cylindrical green fruit with thin green rind and white flesh eaten as a vegetable; related to melons; a melon vine of the genus Cucumis; cultivated from earliest times for its cylindrical green fruit
  • cuisine -  the practice or manner of preparing food or the food so prepared
  • culinary -  of or relating to or used in cooking
  • cupcake -  small cake baked in a muffin tin
  • curd -  coagulated milk; used to made cheese; a coagulated liquid resembling milk curd
  • curing -  the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying or crystallization
  • curry -  (East Indian cookery) a pungent dish of vegetables or meats flavored with curry powder and usually eaten with rice;  treat by incorporating fat; season with a mixture of spices; typical of Indian cooking; give a neat appearance to
  • custard -  sweetened mixture of milk and eggs baked or boiled or frozen
  • custard pie -  a prop consisting of an open pie filled with real or artificial custard; thrown in slapstick comedies
  • cutlet -  thin slice of meat (especially veal) usually fried or broiled
  • cycloloma -  a caryophyllaceous genus of the family Chenopodiaceae
  • cynodon dactylon -  trailing grass native to Europe now cosmopolitan in warm regions; used for lawns and pastures especially in southern United States and India
  • cyperus rotundus -  a widely distributed perennial sedge having small edible nutlike tubers
  • cysteine -  an amino acid containing sulfur that is found in most proteins; oxidizes on exposure to air to form cystine
  • dahlia -  any of several plants of or developed from the species Dahlia pinnata having tuberous roots and showy rayed variously colored flower heads; native to the mountains of Mexico and Central America and Colombia
  • daikon -  radish of Japan with a long hard durable root eaten raw or cooked
  • damper -  a depressing restraint; a device that decreases the amplitude of electronic, mechanical, acoustical, or aerodynamic oscillations; a movable iron plate that regulates the draft in a stove or chimney or furnace
  • danish pastry -  light sweet yeast-raised roll usually filled with fruits or cheese
  • dash -  a quick run; the act of moving with great haste; distinctive and stylish elegance; the longer of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code; a footrace run at top speed; a punctuation mark (-) used between parts of a compound word or between the syllables of a word when the word is divided at the end of a line of text;  add an enlivening or altering element to; destroy or break; break into pieces, as by striking or knocking over; hurl or thrust violently; cause to lose courage; run or move very quickly or hastily
  • date palm -  tall tropical feather palm tree native to Syria bearing sweet edible fruit
  • date plum -  an Asiatic persimmon tree cultivated for its small yellow or purplish-black edible fruit much valued by Afghan tribes
  • daylily -  any of numerous perennials having tuberous roots and long narrow bladelike leaves and usually yellow lilylike flowers that bloom for only a day
  • deity -  any supernatural being worshipped as controlling some part of the world or some aspect of life or who is the personification of a force
  • delicacy -  subtly skillful handling of a situation; smallness of stature; refined taste; tact; lightness in movement or manner; the quality of being beautiful and delicate in appearance; lack of physical strength; something considered choice to eat
  • dentist -  a person qualified to practice dentistry
  • descurainia pinnata -  North American herb with bitter-tasting pinnate leaves resembling those of tansy
  • dessert -  a dish served as the last course of a meal
  • dessert wine -  still sweet wine often served with dessert or after a meal
  • deviled egg -  halved hard-cooked egg with the yolk mashed with mayonnaise and seasonings and returned to the white
  • devon -  red dual-purpose cattle of English origin; a county in southwestern England
  • dextrin -  any of various polysaccharides obtained by hydrolysis of starch; a tasteless and odorless gummy substance that is used as a thickening agent and in adhesives and in dietary supplements
  • dill -  aromatic threadlike foliage of the dill plant used as seasoning; aromatic Old World herb having aromatic threadlike foliage and seeds used as seasoning
  • dim sum -  traditional Chinese cuisine; a variety of foods (including several kinds of steamed or fried dumplings) are served successively in small portions
  • diner -  a restaurant that resembles a dining car; a person eating a meal (especially in a restaurant); a passenger car where food is served in transit
  • dinner -  the main meal of the day served in the evening or at midday; a party of people assembled to have dinner together
  • diospyros virginiana -  medium-sized tree of dry woodlands in the southern and eastern United States bearing yellow or orange very astringent fruit that is edible when fully ripe
  • diplotaxis tenuifolia -  yellow-flowered European plant that grows on old walls and in waste places; an adventive weed in North America
  • dippel's oil -  dark-colored ill-smelling oil obtained by carbonizing bone; used especially in sheep dips and in denaturing alcohol
  • disciotis venosa -  an edible morel with a cup-shaped or saucer-shaped fruiting body can be up to 20 cm wide; the fertile surface inside the cup has wrinkles radiating from the center; can be easily confused with inedible mushrooms
  • discovery -  the act of discovering something; a productive insight; something that is discovered; (law) compulsory pretrial disclosure of documents relevant to a case; enables one side in a litigation to elicit information from the other side concerning the facts in the case
  • dish -  a piece of dishware normally used as a container for holding or serving food; directional antenna consisting of a parabolic reflector for microwave or radio frequency radiation; a particular item of prepared food; the quantity that a dish will hold; an activity that you like or at which you are superior; a very attractive or seductive looking woman;  make concave; shape like a dish; provide (usually but not necessarily food)
  • divinity -  the quality of being divine; white creamy fudge made with egg whites; the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth; any supernatural being worshipped as controlling some part of the world or some aspect of life or who is the personification of a force
  • double-decker -  a vehicle carrying many passengers; used for public transport
  • doubles -  tennis played with two players on each side; badminton played with two players on each side
  • dough -  a flour mixture stiff enough to knead or roll; informal terms for money
  • doughnut -  a small ring-shaped friedcake; a toroidal shape
  • drag -  the act of dragging (pulling with force); clothing that is conventionally worn by the opposite sex (especially women's clothing when worn by a man); something tedious and boring; something that slows or delays progress; the phenomenon of resistance to motion through a fluid; a slow inhalation (as of tobacco smoke);  proceed for an extended period of time; persuade to come away from something attractive or interesting; pull, as against a resistance; to lag or linger behind; move slowly and as if with great effort; use a computer mouse to move icons on the screen and select commands from a menu; suck in or take (air); search (as the bottom of a body of water) for something valuable or lost; draw slowly or heavily; walk without lifting the feet; force into some kind of situation, condition, or course of action
  • drawn butter -  butter made clear by heating and removing the sediment of milk solids
  • dream -  a state of mind characterized by abstraction and release from reality; a series of mental images and emotions occurring during sleep; imaginative thoughts indulged in while awake; someone or something wonderful; a fantastic but vain hope (from fantasies induced by the opium pipe); a cherished desire;  have a daydream; indulge in a fantasy; experience while sleeping
  • drink -  the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess; a single serving of a beverage; any large deep body of water; the act of swallowing; any liquid suitable for drinking;  take in liquids; consume alcohol; drink excessive amounts of alcohol; be an alcoholic; be fascinated or spell-bound by; pay close attention to; propose a toast to
  • drupe -  fleshy indehiscent fruit with a single seed: e.g. almond; peach; plum; cherry; elderberry; olive; jujube
  • drying oil -  an oil that hardens in air due to oxidation and is often used as a paint or varnish base
  • dubbing -  a new soundtrack that is added to a film
  • duck sauce -  a thick sweet and pungent Chinese condiment
  • dyer -  someone whose job is to dye cloth
  • easter egg -  a colored hard-boiled egg used to celebrate Easter; an egg-shaped candy used to celebrate Easter
  • eccles cake -  a flat round cake of sweetened pastry filled with dried fruit
  • eclipse -  one celestial body obscures another;  cause an eclipse of (a celestial body) by intervention; cause an eclipse of; of celestial bodies; exceed in importance; outweigh
  • edelweiss -  alpine perennial plant native to Europe having leaves covered with whitish down and small flower heads held in stars of glistening whitish bracts
  • egg cream -  made of milk and flavored syrup with soda water
  • egg roll -  minced vegetables and meat wrapped in a pancake and fried
  • eggnog -  a punch made of sweetened milk or cream mixed with eggs and usually alcoholic liquor
  • eggplant -  egg-shaped vegetable having a shiny skin typically dark purple but occasionally white or yellow; hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable
  • eggs benedict -  toasted English muffin topped with ham and a poached egg (or an oyster) and hollandaise sauce
  • eleusine coracana -  East Indian cereal grass whose seed yield a somewhat bitter flour, a staple in the Orient
  • empire -  an eating apple that somewhat resembles a McIntosh; used as both an eating and a cooking apple; a group of countries under a single authority; a monarchy with an emperor as head of state; the domain ruled by an emperor or empress; the region over which imperial dominion is exercised; a group of diverse companies under common ownership and run as a single organization
  • enchilada -  tortilla with meat filling baked in tomato sauce seasoned with chili
  • endive -  widely cultivated herb with leaves valued as salad green; either curly serrated leaves or broad flat ones that are usually blanched; variety of endive having leaves with irregular frilled edges
  • engineer -  a person who uses scientific knowledge to solve practical problems; the operator of a railway locomotive;  design as an engineer; plan and direct (a complex undertaking)
  • ensete -  Old World tropical herbs: Abyssinian bananas
  • equal -  well matched; having the same quantity, value, or measure as another; equal in amount or value;  a person who is of equal standing with another in a group;  make equal, uniform, corresponding, or matching; be identical or equivalent to; be equal to in quality or ability
  • erodium cicutarium -  European weed naturalized in southwestern United States and Mexico having reddish decumbent stems with small fernlike leaves and small deep reddish-lavender flowers followed by slender fruits that stick straight up; often grown for forage
  • erodium moschatum -  low annual European herb naturalized in America; similar to alfilaria
  • erythronium -  perennial bulbous herbs most of northern United States: dogtooth violet; adder's tongue; trout lily; fawn lily
  • ethyl acetate -  a fragrant colorless flammable volatile liquid ester made from ethanol and acetic acid; used in flavorings and perfumes and as a solvent for plastics
  • eucalyptus oil -  an essential oil obtained from the leaves of eucalypts
  • evans -  British archaeologist who excavated the palace of Knossos in Crete to find what he called Minoan civilization (1851-1941); United States anatomist who identified four pituitary hormones and discovered vitamin E (1882-1971)
  • excel -  distinguish oneself
  • extra -  further or added; added to a regular schedule; more than is needed, desired, or required; adv. unusually or exceptionally;  something additional of the same kind; an additional edition of a newspaper (usually to report a crisis); a minor actor in crowd scenes
  • extract -  a passage selected from a larger work; a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water);  calculate the root of a number; remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense; separate (a metal) from an ore; get despite difficulties or obstacles; extract by the process of distillation; take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy; obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action; deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)
  • eyes -  opinion or judgment
  • faggot -  a bundle of sticks and branches bound together; offensive terms for an openly homosexual man;  bind or tie up in or as if in a faggot; fasten together rods of iron in order to heat or weld them; ornament or join (fabric) by faggot stitch
  • fagus grandifolia -  North American forest tree with light green leaves and edible nuts
  • fagus sylvatica -  large European beech with minutely-toothed leaves; widely planted as an ornamental in North America
  • falafel -  small croquette of mashed chick peas or fava beans seasoned with sesame seeds
  • farfalle -  pasta shaped with scalloped edges and pinched in the middle, suggestive of a bow tie
  • farina -  fine meal made from cereal grain especially wheat; often used as a cooked cereal or in puddings
  • fast food -  inexpensive food (hamburgers or chicken or milkshakes) prepared and served quickly
  • fatback -  salt pork from the back of a hog carcass
  • fava bean -  shell beans cooked as lima beans; seed of the broad-bean plant
  • feedlot -  a building where livestock are fattened for market
  • fennel -  fennel seeds are ground and used as a spice or as an ingredient of a spice mixture; leaves used for seasoning; aromatic bulbous stem base eaten cooked or raw in salads; any of several aromatic herbs having edible seeds and leaves and stems
  • fenugreek -  aromatic seeds used as seasoning especially in curry; annual herb or southern Europe and eastern Asia having off-white flowers and aromatic seeds used medicinally and in curry
  • fermentation -  a process in which an agent causes an organic substance to break down into simpler substances; especially, the anaerobic breakdown of sugar into alcohol; a state of agitation or turbulent change or development
  • fettuccine -  pasta in flat strips wider than linguine
  • ficus carica -  Mediterranean tree widely cultivated for its edible fruit
  • fiddlehead fern -  New World fern having woolly cinnamon-colored spore-bearing fronds in early spring later surrounded by green fronds; the early uncurling fronds are edible
  • field pea -  coarse small-seeded pea often used as food when young and tender; variety of pea plant native to the Mediterranean region and North Africa and widely grown especially for forage; seed of the field pea plant
  • field ration -  rations issued for United States troops in the field
  • filler -  the tobacco used to form the core of a cigar; copy to fill space between more important articles in the layout of a magazine or newspaper; 100 filler equal 1 forint in Hungary; used for filling cracks or holes in a surface; anything added to fill out a whole
  • film -  a thin coating or layer; photographic material consisting of a base of celluloid covered with a photographic emulsion; used to make negatives or transparencies; a thin sheet of (usually plastic and usually transparent) material used to wrap or cover things; a medium that disseminates moving pictures; a form of entertainment that enacts a story by a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement;  make a film or photograph of something; record in film
  • fish -  any of various mostly cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills; the flesh of fish used as food; the twelfth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about February 19 to March 20; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Pisces;  catch or try to catch fish or shellfish; seek indirectly
  • fish ball -  a fried ball or patty of flaked fish and mashed potatoes; well-seasoned balls of ground fish and eggs and crushed crumbs simmered in fish stock
  • fish finger -  a long fillet of fish breaded and fried
  • fish fry -  a cookout where fried fish is the main course
  • fish meal -  ground dried fish used as fertilizer and as feed for domestic livestock
  • fish slice -  a food turner with a broad blade used for turning or serving fish or other food that is cooked in a frying pan
  • fish steak -  cross-section slice of a large fish
  • fistulina hepatica -  a popular edible fungus with a cap the color of liver or raw meat; abundant in southeastern United States
  • flan -  open pastry filled with fruit or custard
  • flank steak -  a cut of beef from the flank of the animal
  • flapjack -  a flat cake of thin batter fried on both sides on a griddle
  • flatbread -  any of various breads made from usually unleavened dough
  • flavor -  (physics) the six kinds of quarks; the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people;  lend flavor to
  • flavour -  the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth; (physics) the six kinds of quarks; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people;  lend flavor to
  • fleer -  contempt expressed by mockery in looks or words; someone who flees from an uncongenial situation;  to smirk contemptuously
  • flora -  a living organism lacking the power of locomotion; all the plant life in a particular region or period
  • florida arrowroot -  small tough woody zamia of Florida and West Indies and Cuba; roots and half-buried stems yield an arrowroot
  • flour -  fine powdery foodstuff obtained by grinding and sifting the meal of a cereal grain;  convert grain into flour; cover with flour
  • flummery -  a bland custard or pudding especially of oatmeal; meaningless ceremonies and flattery
  • flump -  fall heavily; set (something or oneself) down with or as if with a noise
  • flying saucer -  an (apparently) flying object whose nature is unknown; especially those considered to have extraterrestrial origins
  • foam -  a mass of small bubbles formed in or on a liquid; a lightweight material in cellular form; made by introducing gas bubbles during manufacture;  form bubbles
  • fodder -  coarse food (especially for cattle and horses) composed of entire plants or the leaves and stalks of a cereal crop;  give fodder (to domesticated animals)
  • foie gras -  a pate made from goose liver (marinated in Cognac) and truffles
  • fond -  (followed by `of' or `to') having a strong preference or liking for; absurd or silly because unlikely; extravagantly or foolishly loving and indulgent; having or displaying warmth or affection
  • fondue -  hot cheese or chocolate melted to the consistency of a sauce into which bread or fruits are dipped; cubes of meat or seafood cooked in hot oil and then dipped in any of various sauces
  • food -  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue; anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking; any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
  • food additive -  an additive to food intended to improve its flavor or appearance or shelf-life
  • food coloring -  a digestible substance used to give color to food
  • food product -  a substance that can be used or prepared for use as food
  • forage -  the act of searching for food and provisions; animal food for browsing or grazing;  wander and feed; collect or look around for (food)
  • forcemeat -  mixture of ground raw chicken and mushrooms with pistachios and truffles and onions and parsley and lots of butter and bound with eggs
  • foreleg -  the front limb of a quadruped
  • fortune cookie -  thin folded wafer containing a maxim on a slip of paper
  • fowl -  a domesticated gallinaceous bird thought to be descended from the red jungle fowl; the flesh of a bird or fowl (wild or domestic) used as food;  hunt fowl in the forest; hunt fowl
  • frangipane -  pastry with a creamy almond-flavored filling
  • freeze-drying -  a method of drying food or blood plasma or pharmaceuticals or tissue without destroying their physical structure; material is frozen and then warmed in a vacuum so that the ice sublimes
  • french toast -  bread slice dipped in egg and milk and fried; topped with sugar or fruit or syrup
  • freshen up -  become or make oneself fresh again; make brighter and prettier
  • fricassee -  pieces of chicken or other meat stewed in gravy with e.g. carrots and onions and served with noodles or dumplings;  make a fricassee of by cooking
  • fried egg -  eggs cooked by sauteing in oil or butter; sometimes turned and cooked on both sides
  • frisk -  the act of searching someone for concealed weapons or illegal drugs;  search as for concealed weapons by running the hands rapidly over the clothing and through the pockets; play boisterously
  • frittata -  Italian omelet with diced vegetables and meats; cooked until bottom is set then inverted into another pan to cook the top
  • fritter -  small quantity of fried batter containing fruit or meat or vegetables;  spend frivolously and unwisely
  • frozen custard -  dessert resembling ice cream but with a boiled custard base
  • frozen yogurt -  a soft frozen dessert of sweetened flavored yogurt
  • fructose -  a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits
  • fruit -  the consequence of some effort or action; the ripened reproductive body of a seed plant; an amount of a product;  bear fruit; cause to bear fruit
  • fruitcake -  a rich cake containing dried fruit and nuts and citrus peel and so on; a whimsically eccentric person
  • fruity -  tasting or smelling richly of or as of fruit; informal or slang terms for mentally irregular
  • frumenty -  sweet spiced porridge made from hulled wheat
  • frying -  cooking in fat or oil in a pan or griddle
  • fudge -  soft creamy candy;  fake or falsify; avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues)
  • fumaric acid -  a colorless crystalline acid with a fruity taste; used in making polyester resins
  • fungus -  a parasitic plant lacking chlorophyll and leaves and true stems and roots and reproducing by spores
  • furfural -  a liquid aldehyde with a penetrating odor; made from plant hulls and corn cobs; used in making furan and as a solvent
  • fuse -  any igniter that is used to initiate the burning of a propellant; an electrical device that can interrupt the flow of electrical current when it is overloaded;  make liquid or plastic by heating; become plastic or fluid or liquefied from heat; equip with a fuse; provide with a fuse; mix together different elements
  • galactose -  a simple sugar found in lactose
  • galantine -  boned poultry stuffed then cooked and covered with aspic; served cold
  • galaxy -  a splendid assemblage (especially of famous people); (astronomy) a collection of star systems; any of the billions of systems each having many stars and nebulae and dust; tufted evergreen perennial herb having spikes of tiny white flowers and glossy green round to heart-shaped leaves that become coppery to maroon or purplish in fall
  • game -  willing to face danger; disabled in the feet or legs;  an amusement or pastime; a contest with rules to determine a winner; a single play of a sport or other contest; frivolous or trifling behavior; your occupation or line of work; animal hunted for food or sport; the game equipment needed in order to play a particular game; the flesh of wild animals that is used for food; (games) the score at a particular point or the score needed to win; a secret scheme to do something (especially something underhand or illegal);  place a bet on
  • garlic -  aromatic bulb used as seasoning; bulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong-flavored cloves
  • garlic bread -  French or Italian bread sliced and spread with garlic butter then crisped in the oven
  • gaultheria hispidula -  slow-growing procumbent evergreen shrublet of northern North America and Japan having white flowers and numerous white fleshy rough and hairy seeds
  • gaultheria shallon -  small evergreen shrub of Pacific coast of North America having edible dark purple grape-size berries
  • gaylussacia baccata -  low shrub of the eastern United States bearing shiny black edible fruit; best known of the huckleberries
  • gazpacho -  a soup made with chopped tomatoes and onions and cucumbers and peppers and herbs; served cold
  • gelatin -  a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects; an edible jelly (sweet or pungent) made with gelatin and used as a dessert or salad base or a coating for foods; a colorless water-soluble glutinous protein obtained from animal tissues such as bone and skin
  • gelatin dessert -  jellied dessert made with gelatin and fruit juice or water
  • genoise -  rich and delicate Italian sponge cake
  • ghee -  clarified butter used in Indian cookery
  • giblets -  edible viscera of a fowl
  • ginger snap -  a crisp round cookie flavored with ginger
  • ginkgo biloba -  deciduous dioecious Chinese tree having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds; exists almost exclusively in cultivation especially as an ornamental street tree
  • gizzard -  thick-walled muscular pouch below the crop in many birds and reptiles for grinding food
  • glasswort -  fleshy maritime plant having fleshy stems with rudimentary scalelike leaves and small spikes of minute flowers; formerly used in making glass; bushy plant of Old World salt marshes and sea beaches having prickly leaves; burned to produce a crude soda ash
  • glaze -  coating for fabrics, ceramics, metal, etc.; a glossy finish on a fabric; any of various thin shiny (savory or sweet) coatings applied to foods;  become glassy or take on a glass-like appearance; coat with a glaze; coat with something sweet, such as a hard sugar glaze; furnish with glass
  • glutamic acid -  an amino acid occurring in proteins; important in the nitrogen metabolism of plants; used in monosodium glutamate to enhance the flavor of meats
  • glycerol -  a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • glycine max -  erect bushy hairy annual herb having trifoliate leaves and purple to pink flowers; extensively cultivated for food and forage and soil improvement but especially for its nutritious oil-rich seeds; native to Asia
  • gnetum gnemon -  small tropical tree with tiered branches and divaricate branchlets having broad glossy dark green leaves; exploited for its edible young leaves and seeds that provide a fine flour
  • gnocchi -  (Italian) a small dumpling made of potato or flour or semolina that is boiled or baked and is usually served with a sauce or with grated cheese
  • golden star -  California plant having grasslike leaves and showy orange flowers
  • goober -  pod of the peanut vine containing usually 2 nuts or seeds; `groundnut' and `monkey nut' are British terms
  • good -  thorough; generally admired; resulting favorably; not left to spoil; not forged; having desirable or positive qualities especially those suitable for a thing specified; morally admirable; in excellent physical condition; appealing to the mind; agreeable or pleasing; most suitable or right for a particular purpose; capable of pleasing; of moral excellence; promoting or enhancing well-being; having the normally expected amount; with or in a close or intimate relationship; exerting force or influence; tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health; deserving of esteem and respect; having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude; financially sound; adv. (often used as a combining form) in a good or proper or satisfactory manner or to a high standard (`good' is a nonstandard dialectal variant for `well'); in a complete and thorough manner (`good' is sometimes used informally for `thoroughly');  moral excellence or admirableness; that which is pleasing or valuable or useful; benefit; articles of commerce
  • goody -  something considered choice to eat
  • grain -  the direction or texture of fibers found in wood or leather or stone or in a woven fabric; foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses; a small hard particle; dry seedlike fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g. wheat, barley, Indian corn; 1/7000 pound; equals a troy grain or 64.799 milligrams; 1/60 dram; equals an avoirdupois grain or 64.799 milligrams; a weight unit used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 carat;  paint (a surface) to make it look like stone or wood; become granular; form into grains; thoroughly work in
  • granola -  cereal made of especially rolled oats with dried fruits and nuts and honey or brown sugar
  • grape -  any of various juicy fruit of the genus Vitis with green or purple skins; grow in clusters; any of numerous woody vines of genus Vitis bearing clusters of edible berries
  • gravy -  basically the juices that drip from cooking meats; a sudden happening that brings good fortune (as a sudden opportunity to make money)
  • green bean -  immature bean pod eaten as a vegetable; a common bean plant cultivated for its slender green edible pods
  • grifola frondosa -  large greyish-brown edible fungus forming a mass of overlapping caps that somewhat resembles a hen at the base of trees
  • grist -  grain intended to be or that has been ground
  • grit -  a hard coarse-grained siliceous sandstone; fortitude and determination;  clench together; cover with a grit
  • grits -  coarsely ground hulled corn boiled as a breakfast dish in the southern United States
  • groat -  a former English silver coin worth four pennies
  • gruel -  a thin porridge (usually oatmeal or cornmeal)
  • guacamole -  a dip made of mashed avocado mixed with chopped onions and other seasonings
  • guar -  drought-tolerant herb grown for forage and for its seed which yield a gum used as a thickening agent or sizing material
  • guar gum -  a gum from seeds of the guar plant; used to thicken foods and as sizing for paper and cloth
  • guava -  tropical fruit having yellow skin and pink pulp; eaten fresh or used for e.g. jellies; small tropical American shrubby tree; widely cultivated in warm regions for its sweet globular yellow fruit; small tropical shrubby tree bearing small yellowish fruit
  • guinea pig -  stout-bodied nearly tailless domesticated cavy; often kept as a pet and widely used in research; a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation
  • gum arabic -  gum from an acacia tree; used as a thickener (especially in candies and pharmaceuticals)
  • gumdrop -  a jellied candy coated with sugar crystals
  • gyro -  a Greek sandwich: sliced roast lamb with onion and tomato stuffed into pita bread; rotating mechanism in the form of a universally mounted spinning wheel that offers resistance to turns in any direction
  • gyromitra esculenta -  a poisonous gyromitra; the surface of the fertile body is smooth at first and becomes progressively undulating and wrinkled (but never truly pitted); color varies from dull yellow to brown
  • haggis -  made of sheep's or calf's viscera minced with oatmeal and suet and onions and boiled in the animal's stomach
  • half-and-half -  in equal parts; adv. in equal parts;  half milk and half light cream; contains 10% to 18% butterfat
  • halite -  naturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride
  • halo blight -  a blight of bean plants; a blight affecting the leaves of oats and other grasses
  • ham hock -  a small cut of meat from the leg just above the foot
  • ham sandwich -  a sandwich made with a filling of sliced ham
  • hamburger -  a sandwich consisting of a fried cake of minced beef served on a bun, often with other ingredients; beef that has been ground
  • hammer -  the act of pounding (delivering repeated heavy blows); a hand tool with a heavy rigid head and a handle; used to deliver an impulsive force by striking; a power tool for drilling rocks; a striker that is covered in felt and that causes the piano strings to vibrate; the part of a gunlock that strikes the percussion cap when the trigger is pulled; a heavy metal sphere attached to a flexible wire; used in the hammer throw; the ossicle attached to the eardrum;  beat with or as if with a hammer; create by hammering
  • hand tool -  a tool used with workers' hands
  • hard sauce -  butter and sugar creamed together with brandy or other flavoring and served with rich puddings
  • hardtack -  very hard unsalted biscuit or bread; a former ship's staple; a mountain mahogany
  • hare -  swift timid long-eared mammal larger than a rabbit having a divided upper lip and long hind legs; young born furred and with open eyes; flesh of any of various rabbits or hares (wild or domesticated) eaten as food;  run quickly, like a hare
  • harvest -  the season for gathering crops; the gathering of a ripened crop; the consequence of an effort or activity; the yield from plants in a single growing season;  remove from a culture or a living or dead body, as for the purposes of transplantation; gather, as of natural products
  • hash -  chopped meat mixed with potatoes and browned; purified resinous extract of the hemp plant; used as a hallucinogen;  chop up
  • haslet -  heart and liver and other edible viscera especially of hogs; usually chopped and formed into a loaf and braised
  • hasty pudding -  cornmeal mush served with sweetening (maple syrup or brown sugar); sweetened porridge made of tapioca or flour or oatmeal cooked quickly in milk or water
  • haute cuisine -  (French) an elaborate and skillful manner of preparing food
  • hazel -  of a light brown or yellowish brown color;  the fine-grained wood of a hazelnut tree (genus Corylus) and the hazel tree (Australian genus Pomaderris); Australian tree grown especially for ornament and its fine-grained wood and bearing edible nuts; any of several shrubs or small trees of the genus Corylus bearing edible nuts enclosed in a leafy husk
  • hazelnut -  nut of any of several trees of the genus Corylus; any of several shrubs or small trees of the genus Corylus bearing edible nuts enclosed in a leafy husk
  • heinz -  United States industrialist who manufactured and sold processed foods (1844-1919)
  • helianthus annuus -  annual sunflower grown for silage and for its seeds which are a source of oil; common throughout United States and much of North America
  • herring -  commercially important food fish of northern waters of both Atlantic and Pacific; valuable flesh of fatty fish from shallow waters of northern Atlantic or Pacific; usually salted or pickled
  • hershey bar -  a bar of milk chocolate made by the Hershey company
  • hickory -  American hardwood tree bearing edible nuts; valuable tough heavy hardwood from various hickory trees
  • hill -  a local and well-defined elevation of the land; risque English comedian (1925-1992); United States railroad tycoon (1838-1916); structure consisting of an artificial heap or bank usually of earth or stones; (baseball) the slight elevation on which the pitcher stands;  form into a hill
  • holy trinity -  the union of the Father and Son and Holy Ghost in one Godhead
  • home fries -  sliced pieces of potato fried in a pan until brown and crisp
  • hominy -  hulled corn with the bran and germ removed
  • homogenization -  the act of making something homogeneous or uniform in composition
  • honey -  of something having the color of honey;  a sweet yellow liquid produced by bees; a beloved person; used as terms of endearment;  sweeten with honey
  • honey bun -  rolled dough spread with sugar and nuts then sliced and baked in muffin tins with honey or sugar and butter in the bottom
  • honey locust -  tall usually spiny North American tree having small greenish-white flowers in drooping racemes followed by long twisting seed pods; yields very hard durable reddish-brown wood; introduced to temperate Old World
  • honeydew -  the fruit of a variety of winter melon vine; a large smooth greenish-white melon with pale green flesh
  • honor -  a woman's virtue or chastity; the quality of being honorable and having a good name; the state of being honored; a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction;  accept as pay; bestow honor or rewards upon; show respect towards
  • hook -  a short swinging punch delivered from the side with the elbow bent; a golf shot that curves to the left for a right-handed golfer; a curved or bent implement for suspending or pulling something; a mechanical device that is curved or bent to suspend or hold or pull something; a catch for locking a door; a sharp curve or crook; a shape resembling a hook; a basketball shot made over the head with the hand that is farther from the basket; anything that serves as an enticement;  approach with an offer of sexual favors; entice and trap; secure with the foot; fasten with a hook; catch with a hook; hit with a hook; hit a ball and put a spin on it so that it travels to the left; take by theft; to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug); make a piece of needlework by interlocking and looping thread with a hooked needle; make off with belongings of others; rip off; ask an unreasonable price
  • hops -  twining perennials having cordate leaves and flowers arranged in conelike spikes; the dried flowers of this plant are used in brewing to add the characteristic bitter taste to beer
  • hordeum pusillum -  annual barley native to western North America and widespread in southern United States and tropical America
  • hors d'oeuvre -  a dish served as an appetizer before the main meal
  • horseradish -  grated horseradish root; coarse Eurasian plant cultivated for its thick white pungent root; the root of the horseradish plant; it is grated or ground and used for seasoning
  • hot chocolate -  a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • hot cross bun -  moderately sweet raised roll containing spices and raisins and citron and decorated with a cross-shaped sugar glaze
  • hot-dog -  perform intricate maneuvers while skiing
  • hotelier -  an owner or manager of hotels
  • huckleberry -  blue-black berry similar to blueberries and bilberries of the eastern United States; any of several shrubs of the genus Gaylussacia bearing small berries resembling blueberries; any of various dark-fruited as distinguished from blue-fruited blueberries
  • humbug -  communication (written or spoken) intended to deceive; something intended to deceive; deliberate trickery intended to gain an advantage; pretentious or silly talk or writing;  trick or deceive
  • humectant -  any substance that is added to another substance to keep it moist
  • hummus -  a thick spread made from mashed chickpeas, tahini, lemon juice and garlic; used especially as a dip for pita; originated in the Middle East
  • humulus -  hops: hardy perennial vines of Europe, North America and central and eastern Asia producing a latex sap; in some classifications included in the family Urticaceae
  • hunting -  the pursuit and killing or capture of wild animals regarded as a sport; the work of finding and killing or capturing animals for food or pelts; the activity of looking thoroughly in order to find something or someone
  • hush -  (poetic) tranquil silence;  run water over the ground to erode (soil), revealing the underlying strata and valuable minerals; wash by removing particles; become quiet or still; fall silent; cause to be quiet or not talk; become quiet or quieter
  • hushpuppy -  deep-fried cornbread ball (southern)
  • hypochaeris radicata -  European weed widely naturalized in North America having yellow flower heads and leaves resembling a cat's ears
  • ice cream -  frozen dessert containing cream and sugar and flavoring
  • ice milk -  similar to ice cream but made of milk
  • ice pack -  a waterproof bag filled with ice: applied to the body (especially the head) to cool or reduce swelling; a large expanse of floating ice
  • iceberg lettuce -  lettuce with crisp tightly packed light-green leaves in a firm head
  • icebox -  white goods in which food can be stored at low temperatures
  • icing -  (ice hockey) the act of shooting the puck from within your own defensive area the length of the rink beyond the opponent's goal; a flavored sugar topping used to coat and decorate cakes; the formation of frost or ice on a surface
  • indian lettuce -  a plant of the genus Montia having edible pleasant-tasting leaves
  • inga edulis -  ornamental evergreen tree with masses of white flowers; tropical and subtropical America
  • ingredient -  a component of a mixture or compound; food that is a component of a mixture in cooking; an abstract part of something
  • insectivore -  any organism that feeds mainly on insects; small insect-eating mainly nocturnal terrestrial or fossorial mammals
  • inulin -  used to manufacture fructose and in assessing kidney function
  • invertase -  an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose and fructose
  • iron -  extremely robust;  home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth; a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head; implement used to brand live stock; a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood;  press and smooth with a heated iron
  • irvingia gabonensis -  African tree with edible yellow fruit resembling mangos; valued for its oil-rich seed and hardy green wood that resists termites
  • isinglass -  any of various minerals consisting of hydrous silicates of aluminum or potassium etc. that crystallize in forms that allow perfect cleavage into very thin leaves; used as dielectrics because of their resistance to electricity
  • italia -  a republic in southern Europe on the Italian Peninsula; was the core of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD
  • italian dressing -  a vinaigrette with garlic and herbs: oregano and basil and dill
  • italian sandwich -  a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States
  • jack -  male donkey; any of several fast-swimming predacious fishes of tropical to warm temperate seas; tool for exerting pressure or lifting; one of four face cards in a deck bearing a picture of a young prince; small flag indicating a ship's nationality; game equipment consisting of one of several small six-pointed metal pieces that are picked up while bouncing a ball in the game of jacks; an electrical device consisting of a connector socket designed for the insertion of a plug; a small ball at which players aim in lawn bowling; a small worthless amount; immense East Indian fruit resembling breadfruit; it contains an edible pulp and nutritious seeds that are commonly roasted; someone who works with their hands; someone engaged in manual labor; a man who serves as a sailor;  lift with a special device; hunt with a jacklight
  • jackfruit -  immense East Indian fruit resembling breadfruit; it contains an edible pulp and nutritious seeds that are commonly roasted; East Indian tree cultivated for its immense edible fruit and seeds
  • jaggery -  unrefined brown sugar made from palm sap
  • japanese radish -  radish of Japan with a long hard durable root eaten raw or cooked
  • jazz -  a style of dance music popular in the 1920s; similar to New Orleans jazz but played by large bands; a genre of popular music that originated in New Orleans around 1900 and developed through increasingly complex styles; empty rhetoric or insincere or exaggerated talk;  play something in the style of jazz; have sexual intercourse with
  • jell-o -  fruit-flavored dessert (trade mark Jell-O) made from a commercially prepared gelatin powder
  • jerky -  having or revealing stupidity; marked by abrupt transitions; not having a steady rhythm;  meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun
  • jerusalem artichoke -  sunflower tuber eaten raw or boiled or sliced thin and fried as Saratoga chips; tall perennial with hairy stems and leaves; widely cultivated for its large irregular edible tubers; edible tuber of the Jerusalem artichoke
  • job's tears -  hard pearly seeds of an Asiatic grass; often used as beads
  • johnson grass -  tall perennial grass that spreads by creeping rhizomes and is grown for fodder; naturalized in southern United States where it is a serious pest on cultivated land
  • jonathan -  red late-ripening apple; primarily eaten raw
  • juglans -  type genus of the Juglandaceae
  • juglans californica -  medium-sized tree with somewhat aromatic compound leaves and edible nuts
  • juglans cinerea -  North American walnut tree having light-brown wood and edible nuts; source of a light-brown dye
  • juglans nigra -  North American walnut tree with hard dark wood and edible nut
  • juglans regia -  Eurasian walnut valued for its large edible nut and its hard richly figured wood; widely cultivated
  • jujube -  chewy fruit-flavored jellied candy (sometimes medicated to soothe a sore throat); dark red plumlike fruit of Old World buckthorn trees; spiny tree having dark red edible fruits
  • jumble -  small flat ring-shaped cake or cookie; a theory or argument made up of miscellaneous or incongruous ideas; a confused multitude of things;  assemble without order or sense; be all mixed up or jumbled together; bring into random order
  • juniper berry -  berrylike fruit of a plant of the genus Juniperus especially the berrylike cone of the common juniper
  • juniperus communis -  densely branching shrub or small tree having pungent blue berries used to flavor gin; widespread in northern hemisphere; only conifer on coasts of Iceland and Greenland
  • junk food -  food that tastes good but is high in calories having little nutritional value
  • junket -  a trip taken by an official at public expense; dessert made of sweetened milk coagulated with rennet; a journey taken for pleasure;  partake in a feast or banquet; provide a feast or banquet for; go on a pleasure trip
  • jute -  a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Angles and Saxons to become Anglo-Saxons; a plant fiber used in making rope or sacks
  • kaiser roll -  rounded raised poppy-seed roll made of a square piece of dough by folding the corners in to the center
  • kale -  coarse curly-leafed cabbage; a hardy cabbage with coarse curly leaves that do not form a head; informal terms for money
  • kama -  god of love and erotic desire; opposite of Mara
  • kasha -  boiled or baked buckwheat
  • kebab -  cubes of meat marinated and cooked on a skewer usually with vegetables
  • kedgeree -  a dish of rice and hard-boiled eggs and cooked flaked fish
  • kelp -  large brown seaweeds having fluted leathery fronds
  • kerosene -  a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters
  • ketchup -  thick spicy sauce made from tomatoes
  • kidney bean -  large dark red bean; usually dried; the common bean plant grown for the beans rather than the pods (especially a variety with large red kidney-shaped beans)
  • kipper -  salted and smoked herring
  • kismet -  (Islam) the will of Allah
  • knackwurst -  short thick highly seasoned sausage
  • knish -  (Yiddish) baked or fried turnover filled with potato or meat or cheese; often eaten as a snack
  • kohlrabi -  fleshy turnip-shaped edible stem of the kohlrabi plant; plant cultivated for its enlarged fleshy turnip-shaped edible stem
  • kola nut -  bitter brown seed containing caffein; source of cola extract; tree bearing large brown nuts containing e.g. caffeine; source of cola extract
  • kudzu -  fast-growing vine from eastern Asia having tuberous starchy roots and hairy trifoliate leaves and racemes of purple flowers followed by long hairy pods containing many seeds; grown for fodder and forage and root starch; widespread in the southern United States
  • kumis -  an alcoholic beverage made from fermented mare's milk; made originally by nomads of central Asia
  • lablab -  one species: hyacinth bean
  • lactase -  any of a group of enzymes (trade name Lactaid) that hydrolyze lactose to glucose and galactose
  • lactate -  a salt or ester of lactic acid;  give suck to
  • lactation -  the production and secretion of milk by the mammary glands; the period following birth during which milk is secreted; feeding an infant by giving suck at the breast
  • lactobacillus -  Gram-positive rod-shaped bacteria that produce lactic acid especially in milk
  • lactose -  a sugar comprising one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; occurs only in milk
  • lactose intolerance -  congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products; absence or deficiency of lactase results in an inability to hydrolyze lactose
  • lactuca serriola -  European annual wild lettuce having prickly stems; a troublesome weed in parts of United States
  • lambda -  the craniometric point at the junction of the sagittal and lamboid sutures of the skull; the 11th letter of the Greek alphabet
  • lame -  disabled in the feet or legs; pathetically lacking in force or effectiveness;  a fabric interwoven with threads of metal; someone who doesn't understand what is going on;  deprive of the use of a limb, especially a leg
  • lard -  soft white semisolid fat obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the hog;  prepare or cook with lard; add details to
  • larder -  a supply of food especially for a household; a small storeroom for storing foods or wines
  • lardizabala -  evergreen monoecious climbers of South America having dark mauve-blue edible berries
  • lasagne -  very wide flat strips of pasta; baked dish of layers of lasagna pasta with sauce and cheese and meat or vegetables
  • lathyrus japonicus -  wild pea of seashores of north temperate zone having tough roots and purple flowers and useful as a sand binder
  • lathyrus sativus -  European annual grown for forage; seeds used for food in India and for stock elsewhere
  • lathyrus tuberosus -  European herb bearing small tubers used for food and in Scotland to flavor whiskey
  • lattice -  framework consisting of an ornamental design made of strips of wood or metal; an arrangement of points or particles or objects in a regular periodic pattern in 2 or 3 dimensions; small opening (like a window in a door) through which business can be transacted
  • lava -  rock that in its molten form (as magma) issues from volcanos; lava is what magma is called when it reaches the surface
  • layer cake -  cake having layers held together by a sweet filling and usually covered with frosting
  • lead -  the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge; a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead'); mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil; thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing; an advantage held by a competitor in a race; evidence pointing to a possible solution; the introductory section of a story; a news story of major importance; (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base; (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning; the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile); a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey; a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire; restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal; the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal-combustion engine; an indication of potential opportunity; an actor who plays a principal role;  cause to undertake a certain action; travel in front of; go in advance of others; take somebody somewhere; tend to or result in; be ahead of others; be the first; pass or spend; preside over; lead, as in the performance of a composition; move ahead (of others) in time or space; be in charge of; be conducive to; have as a result or residue; stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point; lead, extend, or afford access; cause something to pass or lead somewhere
  • lecithin -  a yellow phospholipid essential for the metabolism of fats; found in egg yolk and in many plant and animal cells; used commercially as an emulsifier
  • legume -  the seedpod of a leguminous plant (such as peas or beans or lentils); an erect or climbing bean or pea plant of the family Leguminosae; the fruit or seed of any of various bean or pea plants consisting of a case that splits along both sides when ripe and having the seeds attach to one side of the case
  • lemon drop -  a hard candy with lemon flavor and a yellow color and (usually) the shape of a lemon
  • lens culinaris -  widely cultivated Eurasian annual herb grown for its edible flattened seeds that are cooked like peas and also ground into meal and for its leafy stalks that are used as fodder
  • lentil -  round flat seed of the lentil plant used for food; widely cultivated Eurasian annual herb grown for its edible flattened seeds that are cooked like peas and also ground into meal and for its leafy stalks that are used as fodder; the fruit or seed of a lentil plant
  • lettuce -  leaves of any of various plants of Lactuca sativa; any of various plants of the genus Lactuca; informal terms for money
  • leucaena leucocephala -  low scrubby tree of tropical and subtropical North America having white flowers tinged with yellow resembling mimosa and long flattened pods
  • leucanthemum vulgare -  tall leafy-stemmed Eurasian perennial with white flowers; widely naturalized; often placed in genus Chrysanthemum
  • lewisia -  genus of western North American low-growing herbs having linear woolly leaves and large pink flowers
  • liberty -  freedom of choice; personal freedom from servitude or confinement or oppression; an act of undue intimacy; immunity from arbitrary exercise of authority: political independence; leave granted to a sailor or naval officer
  • lilium -  type genus of Liliaceae
  • lilium canadense -  common lily of the eastern United States having nodding yellow or reddish flowers spotted with brown
  • lilium columbianum -  lily of western North America with showy orange-red purple-spotted flowers
  • lilium lancifolium -  east Asian perennial having large reddish-orange black-spotted flowers with reflexed petals
  • lima bean -  broad flat beans simmered gently; never eaten raw; bush or tall-growing bean plant having large flat edible seeds; bush bean plant cultivated especially in southern United States having small flat edible seeds
  • limonene -  a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
  • linalool -  a colorless fragrant liquid found in many essential oils
  • linguine -  pasta in long slender flat strips
  • linseed oil -  a drying oil extracted from flax seed and used in making such things as oil paints
  • lion -  large gregarious predatory feline of Africa and India having a tawny coat with a shaggy mane in the male; a celebrity who is lionized (much sought after); the fifth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about July 23 to August 22; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Leo
  • liquefaction -  the conversion of a solid or a gas into a liquid
  • liqueur -  strong highly flavored sweet liquor usually drunk after a meal
  • liquorice -  a black candy flavored with the dried root of the licorice plant; deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots
  • liver -  having a reddish-brown color;  large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn-out erythrocytes; liver of an animal used as meat; someone who lives in a place; a person who has a special life style
  • livestock -  not used technically; any animals kept for use or profit
  • loaf -  a shaped mass of baked bread;  be about; be lazy or idle
  • lobster -  any of several edible marine crustaceans of the families Homaridae and Nephropsidae and Palinuridae; flesh of a lobster
  • lobster thermidor -  diced lobster mixed with Mornay sauce placed back in the shell and sprinkled with grated cheese and browned
  • lobularia maritima -  perennial European plant having clusters of small fragrant usually white flowers; widely grown in gardens
  • lollipop -  hard candy on a stick; ice cream or water ice on a small wooden stick
  • longan -  tree of southeastern Asia to Australia grown primarily for its sweet edible fruit resembling litchi nuts; sometimes placed in genera Euphorbia or Nephelium
  • lovage -  stalks eaten like celery or candied like angelica; seeds used for flavoring or pickled like capers; herb native to southern Europe; cultivated for its edible stalks and foliage and seeds
  • lubricant -  a substance capable of reducing friction by making surfaces smooth or slippery
  • lubrication -  an application of a lubricant to something; the condition of having been made smooth or slippery by the application of a lubricant
  • luffa -  any of several tropical annual climbers having large yellow flowers and edible young fruits; grown commercially for the mature fruit's dried fibrous interior that is used as a sponge; the dried fibrous part of the fruit of a plant of the genus Luffa; used as a washing sponge or strainer
  • lunch meat -  any of various sausages or molded loaf meats sliced and served cold
  • lupinus luteus -  yellow-flowered European lupine cultivated for forage
  • lychee -  Chinese fruit having a thin brittle shell enclosing a sweet jellylike pulp and a single seed; often dried
  • lycium barbarum -  deciduous erect or spreading shrub with spiny branches and violet-purple flowers followed by orange-red berries; southeastern Europe to China
  • macadamia -  any tree of the genus Macadamia
  • macaroni -  pasta in the form of slender tubes; a British dandy in the 18th century who affected Continental mannerisms
  • macaroon -  chewy cookie usually containing almond paste
  • macedonia -  landlocked republic on the Balkan Peninsula; achieved independence from Yugoslavia in 1991; the ancient kingdom of Philip II and Alexander the Great in the southeastern Balkans that is now divided among modern Macedonia and Greece and Bulgaria
  • macrotyloma uniflorum -  twining herb of Old World tropics cultivated in India for food and fodder; sometimes placed in genus Dolichos
  • madeira cake -  a rich sponge cake with close texture; intended to be eaten with a glass of Madeira wine
  • madia elegans -  California annual having red-brown spots near the base of its yellow flower rays
  • magnesium -  a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
  • mahonia aquifolium -  ornamental evergreen shrub of Pacific coast of North America having dark green pinnate leaves and racemes of yellow flowers followed by blue-black berries
  • main course -  a square mainsail; the principal dish of a meal
  • mainland -  the main land mass of a country or continent; as distinguished from an island or peninsula
  • maize -  a strong yellow color; tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times
  • malosma -  one species; often included in the genus Rhus
  • malt -  a cereal grain that is kiln-dried after having been germinated by soaking in water; used especially in brewing and distilling; a lager of high alcohol content; by law it is considered too alcoholic to be sold as lager or beer; a milkshake made with malt powder;  convert into malt; convert grain into malt; turn into malt, become malt; treat with malt or malt extract
  • malted milk -  powder made of dried milk and malted cereals; a milkshake made with malt powder
  • maltose -  a white crystalline sugar formed during the digestion of starches
  • malus fusca -  small tree or shrub of western United States having white blossoms and tiny yellow or red fruit
  • malva neglecta -  annual Old World plant with clusters of pink or white flowers; naturalized in United States
  • malva sylvestris -  erect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States
  • mamba -  arboreal snake of central and southern Africa whose bite is often fatal
  • mandelbrot -  French mathematician (born in Poland) noted for inventing fractals (born in 1924)
  • manduca sexta -  moth whose larvae are tobacco hornworms; large green white-striped hawkmoth larva that feeds on tobacco and related plants; similar to tomato hornworm
  • mane -  long coarse hair growing from the crest of the animal's neck; growth of hair covering the scalp of a human being
  • mango -  large oval tropical fruit having smooth skin, juicy aromatic pulp, and a large hairy seed; large evergreen tropical tree cultivated for its large oval fruit
  • mangosteen -  two- to three-inch tropical fruit with juicy flesh suggestive of both peaches and pineapples; East Indian tree with thick leathery leaves and edible fruit
  • manicotti -  large pasta tubes stuffed with chopped meat or mild cheese and baked in tomato sauce
  • manitoba -  one of the three prairie provinces in central Canada
  • manna -  hardened sugary exudation of various trees; (Old Testament) food that God gave the Israelites during the Exodus
  • manner -  a way of acting or behaving; how something is done or how it happens; a kind
  • mannitol -  a diuretic (trade name Osmitrol) used to promote the excretion of urine
  • manzanita -  chiefly evergreen shrubs of warm dry areas of western North America; evergreen tree of the Pacific coast of North America having glossy leathery leaves and orange-red edible berries; wood used for furniture and bark for tanning
  • maple sugar -  sugar made from the sap of the sugar maple tree
  • maple syrup -  made by concentrating sap from sugar maples
  • marasca cherry -  Dalmatian bitter wild cherry tree bearing fruit whose juice is made into maraschino liqueur
  • maraschino cherry -  cherry preserved in true or imitation maraschino liqueur; Dalmatian bitter wild cherry tree bearing fruit whose juice is made into maraschino liqueur
  • marble cake -  made of light and dark batter very lightly blended
  • margarine -  a spread made chiefly from vegetable oils and used as a substitute for butter
  • marmalade -  a preserve made of the pulp and rind of citrus fruits
  • marmite -  a large pot especially one with legs used e.g. for cooking soup; soup cooked in a large pot
  • marrow -  the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones; large elongated squash with creamy to deep green skins; very tender and very nutritious tissue from marrowbones; any of various squash plants grown for their elongated fruit with smooth dark green skin and whitish flesh; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  • marrubium vulgare -  European aromatic herb with hairy leaves and numerous white flowers in axillary cymes; leaves yield a bitter extract use medicinally and as flavoring
  • mars -  a small reddish planet that is the 4th from the sun and is periodically visible to the naked eye; minerals rich in iron cover its surface and are responsible for its characteristic color; (Roman mythology) Roman god of war and agriculture; father of Romulus and Remus; counterpart of Greek Ares
  • marshmallow -  spongy confection made of gelatin and sugar and corn syrup and dusted with powdered sugar
  • mart -  an area in a town where a public mercantile establishment is set up
  • marvel -  something that causes feelings of wonder;  express astonishment or surprise about something; be amazed at
  • marzipan -  almond paste and egg whites
  • masa -  an independent group of closely related Chadic languages spoken in the area between the Biu-Mandara and East Chadic languages
  • mast -  a vertical spar for supporting sails; any sturdy upright pole; nuts of forest trees used as feed for swine; nuts of forest trees (as beechnuts and acorns) accumulated on the ground; used especially as food for swine
  • matteuccia -  small genus sometimes included in genus Onoclea; in some classifications both genera are placed in Polypodiaceae
  • matzah ball -  a Jewish dumpling made of matzo meal; usually served in soup
  • maverick -  independent in behavior or thought;  an unbranded range animal (especially a stray calf); belongs to the first person who puts a brand on it; someone who exhibits great independence in thought and action
  • mayhaw -  hawthorn of southern United States bearing juicy acid scarlet fruit often used in jellies or preserves
  • mealworm -  the larva of beetles of the family Tenebrionidae
  • meat -  the flesh of animals (including fishes and birds and snails) used as food; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; the inner and usually edible part of a seed or grain or nut or fruit stone
  • meat grinder -  any action resulting in injury or destruction; a mill for grinding meat
  • meat market -  a shop in which meat and poultry (and sometimes fish) are sold
  • meat pie -  pie made with meat or fowl enclosed in pastry or covered with pastry or biscuit dough
  • meatball -  ground meat formed into a ball and fried or simmered in broth
  • meatloaf -  a baked loaf of ground meat
  • melon -  any of numerous fruits of the gourd family having a hard rind and sweet juicy flesh; any of various fruit of cucurbitaceous vines including: muskmelons; watermelons; cantaloupes; cucumbers
  • meringue -  sweet topping especially for pies made of beaten egg whites and sugar
  • mesembryanthemum crystallinum -  Old World annual widely naturalized in warm regions having white flowers and fleshy foliage covered with hairs that resemble ice
  • mespilus germanica -  small deciduous Eurasian tree cultivated for its fruit that resemble crab apples
  • mesquite -  any of several small spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Prosopis having small flowers in axillary cylindrical spikes followed by large pods rich in sugar
  • mess -  a (large) military dining room where service personnel eat or relax; a meal eaten in a mess hall by service personnel; soft semiliquid food; a state of confusion and disorderliness; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent; informal terms for a difficult situation;  make a mess of or create disorder in; eat in a mess hall
  • mess kit -  kit containing a metal dish and eating utensils; used by soldiers and campers
  • methyl salicylate -  a liquid ester with a strong odor of wintergreen; applied externally for minor muscle and joint pain
  • milk -  produced by mammary glands of female mammals for feeding their young; a white nutritious liquid secreted by mammals and used as food by human beings; any of several nutritive milklike liquids; a river that rises in the Rockies in northwestern Montana and flows eastward to become a tributary of the Missouri River;  take milk from female mammals; add milk to; exploit as much as possible
  • milk chocolate -  chocolate made from chocolate liquor with sugar and cocoa butter and powdered milk solids and vanilla and (usually) lecithin; the most common form of chocolate for eating; used in chocolate candy and baking and coatings
  • milkshake -  frothy drink of milk and flavoring and sometimes fruit or ice cream
  • milky -  resembling milk in color or cloudiness; not clear
  • milky way -  the galaxy containing the solar system; consists of millions of stars that can be seen as a diffuse band of light stretching across the night sky
  • millet -  small seed of any of various annual cereal grasses especially Setaria italica; French painter of rural scenes (1814-1875); any of various small-grained annual cereal and forage grasses of the genera Panicum, Echinochloa, Setaria, Sorghum, and Eleusine
  • milo -  small drought-resistant sorghums having large yellow or whitish grains
  • mincemeat -  spiced mixture of chopped raisins and apples and other ingredients with or without meat
  • mineral -  of or containing or derived from minerals; composed of matter other than plant or animal; relating to minerals;  solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
  • mineral oil -  a distillate of petroleum (especially one used medicinally as a laxative or stool softener)
  • minibar -  sideboard with compartments for holding bottles
  • mint -  as if new;  a plant where money is coined by authority of the government; a candy that is flavored with a mint oil; the leaves of a mint plant used fresh or candied; any north temperate plant of the genus Mentha with aromatic leaves and small mauve flowers; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;  form by stamping, punching, or printing
  • mint sauce -  sweetened diluted vinegar with chopped mint leaves
  • mirabilis jalapa -  common garden plant of North America having fragrant red or purple or yellow or white flowers that open in late afternoon
  • mirage -  something illusory and unattainable; an optical illusion in which atmospheric refraction by a layer of hot air distorts or inverts reflections of distant objects
  • mix in -  add as an additional element or part; cause (something) to be mixed with (something else)
  • mock turtle soup -  soup made from a calf's head or other meat in imitation of green turtle soup
  • mogen david -  a six-pointed star formed from two equilateral triangles; an emblem symbolizing Judaism
  • mojo -  a magic power or magic spell
  • molasses -  thick dark syrup produced by boiling down juice from sugar cane; especially during sugar refining
  • monosodium glutamate -  white crystalline compound used as a food additive to enhance flavor; often used in Chinese cooking
  • moore -  British sculptor whose works are monumental organic forms (1898-1986); United States poet noted for irony and wit (1887-1872); Irish poet who wrote nostalgic and patriotic verse (1779-1852); English philosopher (1873-1958); English actor and comedian who appeared on television and in films (born in 1935); United States composer of works noted for their use of the American vernacular (1893-1969)
  • morchella angusticeps -  a morel whose pitted fertile body is attached to the stalk with little free skirt around it; the fertile body is grey when young and black in old age
  • morchella conica -  a morel whose pitted fertile body is attached to the stalk with little free skirt around it; the fertile body is grey when young and black in old age
  • morchella esculenta -  an edible and choice morel with a globular to elongate head with an irregular pattern of pits and ridges
  • morchella semilibera -  a morel with the ridged and pitted fertile portion attached to the stipe for about half its length
  • moro -  a member of the predominantly Muslim people in the southern Philippines
  • morus nigra -  European mulberry having dark foliage and fruit
  • motor oil -  oil used to lubricate the moving parts of a motor
  • moussaka -  casserole of eggplant and ground lamb with onion and tomatoes bound with white sauce and beaten eggs
  • muesli -  mixture of untoasted dry cereals and fruits
  • muffin -  a sweet quick bread baked in a cup-shaped pan
  • mulled wine -  wine heated with sugar and spices and often citrus fruit
  • mulligatawny -  a soup of eastern India that is flavored with curry; prepared with a meat or chicken base
  • munch -  a large bite; Norwegian painter (1863-1944);  chew noisily
  • mung bean -  erect bushy annual widely cultivated in warm regions of India and Indonesia and United States for forage and especially its edible seeds; chief source of bean sprouts used in Chinese cookery; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus
  • musa -  type genus of the Musaceae: bananas
  • mush -  a journey by dogsled; cornmeal boiled in water; an expression that is excessively sweet and sentimental; any soft or soggy mass;  drive (a team of dogs or a dogsled); travel with a dogsled
  • mushroom -  fleshy body of any of numerous edible fungi; a large cloud of rubble and dust shaped like a mushroom and rising into the sky after an explosion (especially of a nuclear bomb); any of various fleshy fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota consisting of a cap at the end of a stem arising from an underground mycelium; common name for an edible agaric (contrasting with the inedible toadstool);  grow and spread fast; pick or gather mushrooms
  • mustard -  leaves eaten as cooked greens; pungent powder or paste prepared from ground mustard seeds; any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica
  • mustard oil -  oil obtained from mustard seeds and used in making soap
  • mustard seed -  black or white seeds ground to make mustard pastes or powders
  • nectar -  fruit juice especially when undiluted; a sweet liquid secretion that is attractive to pollinators; (classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal
  • negro -  relating to or characteristic of or being a member of the traditional racial division of mankind having brown to black pigmentation and tightly curled hair;  a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa)
  • nelumbo lutea -  water lily of eastern North America having pale yellow blossoms and edible globular nutlike seeds
  • nelumbo nucifera -  native to eastern Asia; widely cultivated for its large pink or white flowers
  • neolentinus ponderosus -  a gilled polypore with a large cap (up to 15 inches in diameter) and a broad stalk; edible when young and tender
  • nero -  Roman Emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury (was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of Rome in 64) but the Empire remained prosperous during his rule (37-68)
  • nest -  a kind of gun emplacement; furniture pieces made to fit close together; a gang of people (criminals or spies or terrorists) assembled in one locality; a cosy or secluded retreat; a structure in which animals lay eggs or give birth to their young;  gather nests; fit together or fit inside; inhabit a nest, usually after building; move or arrange oneself in a comfortable and cozy position
  • next -  immediately following in time or order; nearest in space or position; immediately adjoining without intervening space; (of elected officers) elected but not yet serving; adv. at the time or occasion immediately following
  • nolina microcarpa -  stemless plant with tufts of grasslike leaves and erect panicle of minute creamy white flowers; southwestern United States and Mexico
  • noma -  acute ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth or genitals; often seen in undernourished children
  • noodle -  a ribbonlike strip of pasta; informal terms for a human head
  • nopal -  any of several cacti of the genus Nopalea resembling prickly pears; cactus having yellow flowers and purple fruits
  • north america -  the nations of the North American continent collectively; a continent (the third largest) in the western hemisphere connected to South America by the Isthmus of Panama
  • northern spy -  large late-ripening apple with skin striped with yellow and red
  • nougat -  nuts or fruit pieces in a sugar paste
  • nuphar advena -  common water lily of eastern and central North America, having broad leaves and globe-shaped yellow flowers; in sluggish fresh or slightly brackish water
  • nut butter -  ground nuts blended with a little butter
  • nutcracker -  speckled birds that feed on nuts; a compound lever used to crack nuts open; any of various small short-tailed songbirds with strong feet and a sharp beak that feed on small nuts and insects
  • nutrient -  of or providing nourishment;  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
  • nutrition -  the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans); (physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance; a source of materials to nourish the body
  • oatcake -  thin flat unleavened cake of baked oatmeal
  • oatmeal -  meal made from rolled or ground oats; porridge made of rolled oats
  • oenothera biennis -  a coarse biennial of eastern North America with yellow flowers that open in the evening; naturalized in Europe
  • offal -  viscera and trimmings of a butchered animal often considered inedible by humans
  • office -  a religious rite or service prescribed by ecclesiastical authorities; place of business where professional or clerical duties are performed; professional or clerical workers in an office; (of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power; a job in an organization; the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; an administrative unit of government
  • oil paint -  paint in which a drying oil is the vehicle
  • okra -  tall coarse annual of Old World tropics widely cultivated in southern United States and West Indies for its long mucilaginous green pods used as basis for soups and stews; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus; long green edible beaked pods of the okra plant; long mucilaginous green pods; may be simmered or sauteed but used especially in soups and stews
  • oleoresin -  a naturally occurring mixture of a resin and an essential oil; obtained from certain plants
  • oligosaccharide -  any of the carbohydrates that yield only a few monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
  • olla -  leaf or strip from a leaf of the talipot palm used in India for writing paper
  • omelette -  beaten eggs or an egg mixture cooked until just set; may be folded around e.g. ham or cheese or jelly
  • onion -  an aromatic flavorful bulb; bulbous plant having hollow leaves cultivated worldwide for its rounded edible bulb; edible bulb of an onion plant
  • onion roll -  yeast-raised roll flavored with onion
  • onobrychis -  genus of Old World herbs having pinnate leaves and pink or whites racemose flowers followed by flat unjointed pods
  • onobrychis viciifolia -  Eurasian perennial herb having pale pink flowers and curved pods; naturalized in Britain and North America grasslands on calcareous soils; important forage crop and source of honey in Britain
  • opal -  a translucent mineral consisting of hydrated silica of variable color; some varieties are used as gemstones
  • opuntia -  large genus of cactuses native to America: prickly pears
  • orzo -  pasta shaped like pearls of barley; frequently prepared with lamb in Greek cuisine
  • ostryopsis -  deciduous monoecious shrubs of China and Mongolia resembling trees of the genus Ostrya; sometimes placed in subfamily or family Carpinaceae
  • oxalis tuberosa -  South American wood sorrel cultivated for its edible tubers
  • oxalis violacea -  perennial herb of eastern North America with palmately compound leaves and usually rose-purple flowers
  • oxtail soup -  a soup made from the skinned tail of an ox
  • oyster -  marine mollusks having a rough irregular shell; found on the sea bed mostly in coastal waters; a small muscle on each side of the back of a fowl; edible body of any of numerous oysters;  gather oysters, dig oysters
  • oyster bar -  a bar (as in a restaurant) that specializes in oysters prepared in different ways
  • oysters rockefeller -  oysters spread with butter and spinach and seasonings and baked on the half shell
  • pachyrhizus -  small genus of tropical vines having tuberous roots
  • pachyrhizus erosus -  Central American twining plant with edible roots and pods; large tubers are eaten raw or cooked especially when young and young pods must be thoroughly cooked; pods and seeds also yield rotenone and oils
  • paella -  saffron-flavored dish made of rice with shellfish and chicken
  • palm -  the inner surface of the hand from the wrist to the base of the fingers; any plant of the family Palmae having an unbranched trunk crowned by large pinnate or palmate leaves; a linear unit based on the length or width of the human hand; an award for winning a championship or commemorating some other event;  touch, lift, or hold with the hands
  • pancake -  a flat cake of thin batter fried on both sides on a griddle
  • panini -  Indian grammarian whose grammatical rules for Sanskrit are the first known example of descriptive linguistics (circa 400 BC)
  • pant -  the noise made by a short puff of steam (as from an engine); a short labored intake of breath with the mouth open; (usually in the plural) a garment extending from the waist to the knee or ankle, covering each leg separately;  breathe noisily, as when one is exhausted; utter while panting, as if out of breath
  • papain -  a proteolytic enzyme obtained from the unripe papaya; used as a meat tenderizer
  • paraffin wax -  from crude petroleum; used for candles and for preservative or waterproof coatings
  • parfait -  layers of ice cream and syrup and whipped cream
  • parker house roll -  yeast-raised dinner roll made by folding a disk of dough before baking
  • parkia javanica -  tall evergreen rain forest tree with wide-spreading crown having yellow-white flowers; grown as an ornamental in parks and large gardens
  • parkinsonia florida -  densely branched spiny tree of southwestern United States having showy yellow flowers and blue-green bark; sometimes placed in genus Cercidium
  • parsley -  aromatic herb with flat or crinkly leaves that are cut finely and used to garnish food; annual or perennial herb with aromatic leaves
  • parsnip -  whitish edible root; eaten cooked; a strong-scented plant cultivated for its edible root; the whitish root of cultivated parsnip
  • pasta -  shaped and dried dough made from flour and water and sometimes egg; a dish that contains pasta as its main ingredient
  • pasta salad -  a salad having any of various pastas as the base
  • paste -  an adhesive made from water and flour or starch; used on paper and paperboard; any mixture of a soft and malleable consistency; a tasty mixture to be spread on bread or crackers;  cover the surface of; hit with the fists; join or attach with or as if with glue
  • pastel -  delicate and pale in color; lacking in body or vigor;  any of various pale or light colors
  • pasteurization -  partial sterilization of foods at a temperature that destroys harmful microorganisms without major changes in the chemistry of the food
  • pasteurized milk -  milk that has been exposed briefly to high temperatures to destroy microorganisms and prevent fermentation
  • pastille -  a medicated lozenge used to soothe the throat
  • pastrami -  highly seasoned cut of smoked beef
  • pastry -  any of various baked foods made of dough or batter; a dough of flour and water and shortening
  • pasty -  resembling paste in color; pallid; having the sticky properties of an adhesive;  (usually used in the plural) one of a pair of adhesive patches worn to cover the nipples of exotic dancers and striptease performers; small meat pie or turnover
  • patty -  round flat candy; small pie or pasty; small flat mass of chopped food
  • pattypan squash -  round greenish-white squash having one face flattened with a scalloped edge; squash plant having flattened round fruit with a scalloped edge; usually greenish white
  • pavlova -  Russian ballerina (1882-1931)
  • payday -  the day on which you receive pay for your work
  • peach sauce -  for Chinese dishes: peach preserves and chutney
  • peanut -  of little importance or influence or power; of minor status;  pod of the peanut vine containing usually 2 nuts or seeds; `groundnut' and `monkey nut' are British terms; a young child who is small for his age; widely cultivated American plant cultivated in tropical and warm regions; showy yellow flowers on stalks that bend over to the soil so that seed pods ripen underground; underground pod of the peanut vine
  • peanut oil -  a oil from peanuts; used in cooking and making soap
  • pease pudding -  a pudding made with strained split peas mixed with egg
  • pecan -  smooth brown oval nut of south central United States; tree of southern United States and Mexico cultivated for its nuts; wood of a pecan tree
  • pecan pie -  pie made of pecans and sugar and corn syrup and butter and eggs
  • pecking order -  the organization of people at different ranks in an administrative body
  • pectin -  any of various water-soluble colloidal carbohydrates that occur in ripe fruit and vegetables; used in making fruit jellies and jams
  • pemmican -  lean dried meat pounded fine and mixed with melted fat; used especially by North American Indians
  • penne -  pasta in short tubes with diagonally cut ends
  • penuche -  fudge made with brown sugar and butter and milk and nuts
  • pepperoni -  a pork and beef sausage (or a thin slice of this sausage)
  • persian -  of or relating to Iran or its people or language or culture;  the language of Persia (Iran) in any of its ancient forms; a native or inhabitant of Iran
  • persian melon -  the fruit of a variety of winter melon vine; a large green melon with orange flesh; any of a variety of muskmelon vines having fruit with a smooth white rind and white or greenish flesh that does not have a musky smell
  • persimmon -  orange fruit resembling a plum; edible when fully ripe; any of several tropical trees of the genus Diospyros
  • pesto -  a sauce typically served with pasta; contains crushed basil leaves and garlic and pine nuts and Parmesan cheese in olive oil
  • pet-food -  food prepared for animal pets
  • petit four -  small (individual) frosted and ornamented cake
  • petroleum -  a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
  • phalaris -  a genus of grasses with broad leaves and a dense spike of flowers
  • phalaris aquatica -  perennial grass of Australia and South Africa; introduced in North America as forage grass
  • phallus impudicus -  a common fungus formerly used in preparing a salve for rheumatism
  • phaseolus coccineus -  tropical American bean with red flowers and mottled black beans similar to Phaseolus vulgaris but perennial; a preferred food bean in Great Britain
  • phaseolus vulgaris -  the common annual twining or bushy bean plant grown for its edible seeds or pods
  • philadelphia pepper pot -  a soup made with vegetables and tripe and seasoned with peppercorns; often contains dumplings
  • philippines -  an archipelago in the southwestern Pacific including some 7000 islands; a republic on the Philippine Islands; achieved independence from the United States in 1946
  • phleum pratense -  grass with long cylindrical spikes frown in northern United States and Europe for hay
  • phragmites -  reeds of marshes and riversides in tropical or temperate regions
  • phytolacca -  type genus of Phytolaccaceae: pokeweed
  • phytolacca americana -  tall coarse perennial American herb having small white flowers followed by blackish-red berries on long drooping racemes; young fleshy stems are edible; berries and root are poisonous
  • picasso -  prolific and influential Spanish artist who lived in France (1881-1973)
  • piccalilli -  relish of chopped pickled cucumbers and green peppers and onion
  • pickled herring -  herring preserved in a pickling liquid (usually brine or vinegar)
  • picnic -  any informal meal eaten outside or on an excursion; any undertaking that is easy to do; a day devoted to an outdoor social gathering;  eat alfresco, in the open air
  • pilaf -  rice cooked in well-seasoned broth with onions or celery and usually poultry or game or shellfish and sometimes tomatoes
  • pilgrim -  someone who journeys in foreign lands; someone who journeys to a sacred place as an act of religious devotion; one of the colonists from England who sailed to America on the Mayflower and founded the colony of Plymouth in New England in 1620
  • pine nut -  edible seed of any of several nut pines especially some pinons of southwestern North America
  • pine tar -  a dark viscous substance obtained from the destructive distillation of pine wood
  • pineapple -  large sweet fleshy tropical fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated; a tropical American plant bearing a large fleshy edible fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated in the tropics
  • pinky -  the finger farthest from the thumb
  • pinole -  meal made of finely ground corn mixed with sugar and spices
  • pinto bean -  mottled or spotted bean of southwestern United States; usually dried
  • pinus cembra -  large five-needled European pine; yields cembra nuts and a resinous exudate
  • pinus cembroides -  a small two-needled or three-needled pinon of Mexico and southern Texas
  • pinus edulis -  small compact two-needled pinon of southwestern United States; important as a nut pine
  • pinus monophylla -  pinon of southwestern United States having solitary needles and often many stems; important as a nut pine
  • pinus mugo -  low shrubby pine of central Europe with short bright green needles in bunches of two
  • pinus quadrifolia -  five-needled pinon of southern California and northern Baja California having (sometimes three-needled or four-needled showing hybridization from Pinus californiarum)
  • pinus strobiformis -  medium-size pine of northwestern Mexico; bark is dark brown and furrowed when mature
  • pinus strobus -  tall-growing pine of eastern North America; bark is brown with longitudinal fissures when mature; valued as a timber tree
  • piper cubeba -  tropical southeast Asian shrubby vine bearing spicy berrylike fruits
  • pirozhki -  small fruit or meat turnover baked or fried
  • pistachio -  nut of Mediterranean trees having an edible green kernel; small tree of southern Europe and Asia Minor bearing small hard-shelled nuts
  • pistacia -  a dicotyledonous genus of trees of the family Anacardiaceae having drupaceous fruit
  • pisum -  small genus of variable annual Eurasian vines: peas
  • pita -  usually small round bread that can open into a pocket for filling
  • pithecellobium dulce -  common thorny tropical American tree having terminal racemes of yellow flowers followed by sickle-shaped or circinate edible pods and yielding good timber and a yellow dye and mucilaginous gum
  • pizza -  Italian open pie made of thin bread dough spread with a spiced mixture of e.g. tomato sauce and cheese
  • plant -  a living organism lacking the power of locomotion; buildings for carrying on industrial labor; something planted secretly for discovery by another; an actor situated in the audience whose acting is rehearsed but seems spontaneous to the audience;  put firmly in the mind; place something or someone in a certain position in order to secretly observe or deceive; put or set (seeds, seedlings, or plants) into the ground; place into a river; fix or set securely or deeply; set up or lay the groundwork for
  • plantago -  type genus of the family Plantaginaceae; large cosmopolitan genus of mostly small herbs
  • plantago major -  common European perennial naturalized worldwide; a troublesome weed
  • plastic -  capable of being influenced or formed; forming or capable of forming or molding or fashioning; capable of being molded or modeled (especially of earth or clay or other soft material);  generic name for certain synthetic or semisynthetic materials that can be molded or extruded into objects or films or filaments or used for making e.g. coatings and adhesives
  • platter -  a large shallow dish used for serving food; sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove
  • plectranthus -  any of various ornamental plants of the genus Plectranthus
  • plenty - adv. as much as necessary;  a full supply; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent
  • pleurotus ostreatus -  edible agaric with a soft greyish cap growing in shelving masses on dead wood
  • ploughman's lunch -  a meal consisting of a sandwich of bread and cheese and a salad
  • pluck -  the act of pulling and releasing a taut cord; the trait of showing courage and determination in spite of possible loss or injury;  strip of feathers; pull lightly but sharply with a plucking motion; pull or pull out sharply; look for and gather; rip off; ask an unreasonable price; sell something to or obtain something from by energetic and especially underhanded activity
  • plum sauce -  for Chinese dishes: plum preserves and chutney
  • plum tomato -  oblong cherry tomato; a kind of cherry tomato that has an oblong shape
  • pluteus cervinus -  a small edible agaric with a slender stalk; usually found on rotting hardwoods
  • poet -  a writer of poems (the term is usually reserved for writers of good poetry)
  • poke -  tall coarse perennial American herb having small white flowers followed by blackish-red berries on long drooping racemes; young fleshy stems are edible; berries and root are poisonous; (boxing) a blow with the fist; a sharp hand gesture (resembling a blow); a bag made of paper or plastic for holding customer's purchases; someone who takes more time than necessary; someone who lags behind;  make a hole by poking; stir by poking; poke or thrust abruptly; hit hard with the hand, fist, or some heavy instrument; search or inquire in a meddlesome way
  • polenta -  a thick mush made of cornmeal boiled in stock or water
  • polo -  a game similar to field hockey but played on horseback using long-handled mallets and a wooden ball; Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)
  • polygonatum -  sometimes placed in subfamily Convallariaceae
  • polygonatum biflorum -  North American perennial herb with smooth foliage and drooping tubular greenish flowers
  • pomegranate -  large globular fruit having many seeds with juicy red pulp in a tough brownish-red rind; shrub or small tree native to southwestern Asia having large red many-seeded fruit
  • popcorn -  small kernels of corn exploded by heat; corn having small ears and kernels that burst when exposed to dry heat
  • poppy seed -  small grey seed of a poppy flower; used whole or ground in baked items
  • popsicle -  ice cream or water ice on a small wooden stick
  • pork -  meat from a domestic hog or pig; a legislative appropriation designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents
  • pork pie -  small pie filled with minced seasoned pork
  • porridge -  soft food made by boiling oatmeal or other meal or legumes in water or milk until thick
  • portulaca oleracea -  weedy trailing mat-forming herb with bright yellow flowers cultivated for its edible mildly acid leaves eaten raw or cooked especially in Indian and Greek and Middle Eastern cuisine; cosmopolitan
  • pot cheese -  mild white cheese made from curds of soured skim milk
  • pot liquor -  the liquid in which vegetables or meat have be cooked
  • pot roast -  cut of beef suitable for simmering in liquid in a closed pot
  • potage -  thick (often creamy) soup
  • potassium carbonate -  a white salt (K2CO3) that is basic in solution; used to make glass and cleansing agents
  • potassium chloride -  salt of potassium (KCl) (trade names K-Dur 20, Kaochlor and K-lor and Klorvess and K-lyte); taken in tablet form to treat potassium deficiency
  • potassium iodide -  a crystalline salt in organic synthesis and in making photographic emulsions and in iodized table salt
  • potato -  an edible tuber native to South America; a staple food of Ireland; annual native to South America having underground stolons bearing edible starchy tubers; widely cultivated as a garden vegetable; vines are poisonous
  • potato chip -  a thin crisp slice of potato fried in deep fat
  • potato salad -  any of various salads having chopped potatoes as the base
  • potluck -  whatever happens to be available especially when offered to an unexpected guest or when brought by guests and shared by all
  • pottage -  a stew of vegetables and (sometimes) meat; thick (often creamy) soup
  • poultry -  flesh of chickens or turkeys or ducks or geese raised for food; a domesticated gallinaceous bird thought to be descended from the red jungle fowl
  • pound cake -  rich loaf cake made of a pound each of butter and sugar and flour
  • powder -  any of various cosmetic or medical preparations dispensed in the form of a pulverized powder; a solid substance in the form of tiny loose particles; a solid that has been pulverized; a mixture of potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur in a 75:15:10 ratio which is used in gunnery, time fuses, and fireworks;  apply powder to; make into a powder by breaking up or cause to become dust
  • praline -  cookie-sized candy made of brown sugar and butter and pecans
  • prawn -  shrimp-like decapod crustacean having two pairs of pincers; most are edible; any of various edible decapod crustaceans;  fish for prawns
  • preservative -  tending or having the power to preserve;  a chemical compound that is added to protect against decay or decomposition
  • pretzel -  glazed and salted cracker typically in the shape of a loose knot
  • primula -  any of numerous short-stemmed plants of the genus Primula having tufted basal leaves and showy flowers clustered in umbels or heads
  • produce -  fresh fruits and vegetable grown for the market;  create or manufacture a man-made product; bring forth or yield; cause to happen, occur or exist; bring out for display; bring onto the market or release; come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes); cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques
  • profession -  an occupation requiring special education (especially in the liberal arts or sciences); affirmation of acceptance of some religion or faith; an open avowal (true or false) of some belief or opinion; the body of people in a learned occupation
  • propylene glycol -  a sweet colorless, viscous, hygroscopic liquid used as an antifreeze and in brake fluid and also as a humectant in cosmetics and personal care items although it can be absorbed through the skin with harmful effects
  • prosopis -  genus of tropical or subtropical branching shrubs or trees: mesquite
  • prosopis glandulosa -  thorny deep-rooted drought-resistant shrub native to southwestern United States and Mexico bearing pods rich in sugar and important as livestock feed; tends to form extensive thickets
  • prosopis juliflora -  mesquite of Gulf Coast and Caribbean islands from Mexico to Venezuela
  • prosopis pubescens -  shrub or small tree of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico having spirally twisted pods
  • prunella vulgaris -  decumbent blue-flowered European perennial thought to possess healing properties; naturalized throughout North America
  • prunus americana -  wild plum trees of eastern and central North America having red-orange fruit with yellow flesh
  • prunus virginiana -  a common wild cherry of eastern North America having small bitter black berries favored by birds
  • psoralea esculenta -  densely hairy perennial of central North America having edible tuberous roots
  • psyllium -  plantain of Mediterranean regions whose seeds swell and become gelatinous when moist and are used as a mild laxative
  • pudding -  any of various soft sweet desserts thickened usually with flour and baked or boiled or steamed; (British) the dessert course of a meal (`pud' is used informally); any of various soft thick unsweetened baked dishes
  • puffball -  any of various fungi of the family Lycoperdaceae whose round fruiting body discharges a cloud of spores when mature; any of various fungi of the genus Scleroderma having hard-skinned subterranean fruiting bodies resembling truffles
  • pulasan -  fruit of an East Indian tree similar to the rambutan but sweeter; East Indian fruit tree bearing fruit similar to but sweeter than that of the rambutan
  • pulque -  fermented Mexican drink from juice of various agave plants especially the maguey
  • pumpkin -  usually large pulpy deep-yellow round fruit of the squash family maturing in late summer or early autumn; a coarse vine widely cultivated for its large pulpy round orange fruit with firm orange skin and numerous seeds; subspecies of Cucurbita pepo include the summer squashes and a few autumn squashes
  • pumpkin pie -  pie made of mashed pumpkin and milk and eggs and sugar
  • puppy chow -  food especially prepared for puppies
  • putrefaction -  a state of decay usually accompanied by an offensive odor; moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles; (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal action
  • pyroligneous acid -  a red-brown liquid formed in distillation of wood which contains acetic acid, methanol, acetone, wood oils, and tars
  • quercus agrifolia -  highly variable often shrubby evergreen oak of coastal zone of western North America having small thick usually spiny-toothed dark-green leaves
  • quercus michauxii -  medium to large deciduous tree of moist areas of southeastern United States similar to the basket oak
  • quiche -  the Mayan language spoken by the Quiche; a tart filled with rich unsweetened custard; often contains other ingredients (as cheese or ham or seafood or vegetables); a member of the Mayan people of south central Guatemala
  • quick bread -  breads made with a leavening agent that permits immediate baking
  • quince -  aromatic acid-tasting pear-shaped fruit used in preserves; small Asian tree with pinkish flowers and pear-shaped fruit; widely cultivated
  • radicchio -  prized variety of chicory having globose heads of red leaves
  • radish -  pungent fleshy edible root; Eurasian plant widely cultivated for its edible pungent root usually eaten raw; pungent edible root of any of various cultivated radish plants; radish of Japan with a long hard durable root eaten raw or cooked; a cruciferous plant of the genus Raphanus having a pungent edible root
  • ragout -  well-seasoned stew of meat and vegetables
  • rambutan -  pleasantly acid bright red oval Malayan fruit covered with soft spines; Malayan tree bearing spiny red fruit
  • ranunculus acris -  perennial European buttercup with yellow spring flowers widely naturalized especially in eastern North America
  • rapeseed -  seed of rape plants; source of an edible oil
  • rapeseed oil -  edible light yellow to brown oil from rapeseed used also as a lubricant or illuminant
  • ravioli -  small circular or square cases of dough with savory fillings
  • red cabbage -  compact head of purplish-red leaves; cabbage plant with a compact head of reddish purple leaves
  • red meat -  meat that is dark in color before cooking (as beef, venison, lamb, mutton)
  • refractometer -  measuring instrument for measuring the refractive index of a substance
  • refrigeration -  deliberately lowering the body's temperature for therapeutic purposes; the process of cooling or freezing (e.g., food) for preservative purposes
  • refrigerator -  white goods in which food can be stored at low temperatures
  • relish -  the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth; spicy or savory condiment; vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment;  derive or receive pleasure from; get enjoyment from; take pleasure in
  • rendering -  giving in acknowledgment of obligation; perspective drawing of an architect's design; a coat of stucco applied to a masonry wall; the act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic performance; an explanation of something that is not immediately obvious; a written communication in a second language having the same meaning as the written communication in a first language; a performance of a musical composition or a dramatic role etc.
  • rennet -  a substance that curdles milk in making cheese and junket
  • rhubarb -  plants having long green or reddish acidic leafstalks growing in basal clumps; stems (and only the stems) are edible when cooked; leaves are poisonous; long pinkish sour leafstalks usually eaten cooked and sweetened
  • rhubarb pie -  pie containing diced rhubarb and much sugar
  • rhus trilobata -  deciduous shrub of California with unpleasantly scented usually trifoliate leaves and edible fruit
  • ribes -  a flowering shrub bearing currants or gooseberries; native to northern hemisphere
  • rice paper -  a thin delicate material resembling paper; made from the rice-paper tree
  • rico -  law intended to eradicate organized crime by establishing strong sanctions and forfeiture provisions
  • rigatoni -  tubular pasta in short ribbed pieces
  • ripper -  a murderer who slashes the victims with a knife
  • rissole -  minced cooked meat or fish coated in egg and breadcrumbs and fried in deep fat
  • roadkill -  the dead body of an animal that has been killed on a road by a vehicle
  • rock -  pitching dangerously to one side; a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter; (figurative) someone who is strong and stable and dependable; United States gynecologist and devout Catholic who conducted the first clinical trials of the oral contraceptive pill (1890-1984); material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; a genre of popular music originating in the 1950s; a blend of Black rhythm-and-blues with White country-and-western; hard bright-colored stick candy (typically flavored with peppermint);  move back and forth or sideways; cause to move back and forth
  • rock cake -  a small cake with a hard surface said to resemble a rock
  • rock candy -  sugar in large hard clear crystals on a string; hard bright-colored stick candy (typically flavored with peppermint)
  • roll -  the act of rolling something (as the ball in bowling); a flight maneuver; aircraft rotates about its longitudinal axis without changing direction or losing altitude; walking with a swaying gait; anything rolled up in cylindrical form; photographic film rolled up inside a container to protect it from light; a list of names; the act of throwing dice; a document that can be rolled up (as for storage); a long heavy sea wave as it advances towards the shore; the sound of a drum (especially a snare drum) beaten rapidly and continuously; a deep prolonged sound (as of thunder or large bells); rotary motion of an object around its own axis; small rounded bread either plain or sweet; a roll of currency notes (often taken as the resources of a person or business etc.); a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles (as formed by leaves or flower petals);  execute a roll, in tumbling; show certain properties when being rolled; take the shape of a roll or cylinder; shape by rolling; proce with a roll, of the phoneme /r/; "She rolls her r's"; begin operating or running; move by turning over or rotating; cause to move by turning over or in a circular manner of as if on an axis; move, rock, or sway from side to side; move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment; move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion; emit, produce, or utter with a deep prolonged reerating sound; occur in soft rounded shapes; boil vigorously; flatten or spread with a roller; wrap or coil around; move along on or as if on wheels or a wheeled vehicle; sell something to or obtain something from by energetic and especially underhanded activity
  • romaine lettuce -  lettuce with long dark-green leaves in a loosely packed elongated head; lettuce with long dark-green spoon-shaped leaves
  • root cellar -  an excavation where root vegetables are stored
  • rose oil -  a volatile fragrant oil obtained from fresh roses by steam distillation
  • rose water -  perfume consisting of water scented with oil of roses
  • roselle -  East Indian sparsely prickly annual herb or perennial subshrub widely cultivated for its fleshy calyxes used in tarts and jelly and for its bast fiber
  • rosette -  an ornament or pattern resembling a rose that is worn as a badge of office or as recognition of having won an honor; a cluster of leaves growing in crowded circles from a common center or crown (usually at or close to the ground); circular window filled with tracery; rhizoctinia disease of potatoes
  • rotisserie -  a restaurant that specializes in roasted and barbecued meats; an oven or broiler equipped with a rotating spit on which meat cooks as it turns
  • roux -  a mixture of fat and flour heated and used as a basis for sauces
  • rubus spectabilis -  large erect red-flowered raspberry of western North America having large pinkish-orange berries
  • rudbeckia laciniata -  tall leafy plant with erect branches ending in large yellow flower heads with downward-arching rays; grow in Rocky Mountains south to Arizona and east to the Atlantic coast
  • rugelach -  pastry made with a cream cheese dough and different fillings (as raisins and walnuts and cinnamon or chocolate and walnut and apricot preserves)
  • rusk -  slice of sweet raised bread baked again until it is brown and hard and crisp
  • russian dressing -  mayonnaise with horseradish grated onion and chili sauce or catsup; sometimes with caviar added
  • rutabaga -  the large yellow root of a rutabaga plant used as food; a cruciferous plant with a thick bulbous edible yellow root
  • rye bread -  any of various breads made entirely or partly with rye flour
  • saccharin -  a crystalline substance 500 times sweeter than sugar; used as a calorie-free sweetener
  • safflower -  thistlelike Eurasian plant widely grown for its red or orange flower heads and seeds that yield a valuable oil
  • safflower oil -  oil from seeds of the safflower plant; oil from safflower seeds used as food as well as in medicines and paints
  • sagittaria -  genus of aquatic herbs of temperate and tropical regions having sagittate or hastate leaves and white scapose flowers
  • sago -  powdery starch from certain sago palms; used in Asia as a food thickener and textile stiffener
  • saguaro -  extremely large treelike cactus of desert regions of southwestern United States having a thick columnar sparsely branched trunk bearing white flowers and edible red pulpy fruit
  • salad -  food mixtures either arranged on a plate or tossed and served with a moist dressing; usually consisting of or including greens
  • salad bar -  a bar where diners can assemble a salad to their own taste
  • salad bowl -  a large bowl for mixing and serving a salad; a plate or bowl for individual servings of salad
  • salad cream -  a creamy salad dressing resembling mayonnaise
  • salami -  highly seasoned fatty sausage of pork and beef usually dried
  • salat -  the second pillar of Islam is prayer; a prescribed liturgy performed five times a day (preferably in a mosque) and oriented toward Mecca
  • salmagundi -  cooked meats and eggs and vegetables usually arranged in rows around the plate and dressed with a salad dressing; a collection containing a variety of sorts of things
  • salsa -  spicy sauce of tomatoes and onions and chili peppers to accompany Mexican foods
  • salsola soda -  bushy plant of Old World salt marshes and sea beaches having prickly leaves; burned to produce a crude soda ash
  • salt -  (of speech) painful or bitter; one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of sea water;  the taste experience when common salt is taken into the mouth; white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food; a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal); negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics opened in 1969 in Helsinki designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons;  preserve with salt; add zest or liveliness to; sprinkle as if with salt; add salt to
  • salt pork -  fat from the back and sides and belly of a hog carcass cured with salt
  • salting -  the act of adding salt to food
  • salvia enaca -  Eurasian sage with blue flowers and foliage like ena; naturalized in United States
  • samara -  a winged often one-seed indehiscent fruit as of the ash or elm or maple
  • sambucus canadensis -  common elder of central and eastern North America bearing purple-black berries; fruit used in wines and jellies
  • sambucus nigra -  a common shrub with black fruit or a small tree of Europe and Asia; fruit used for wines and jellies
  • samosa -  small turnover of Indian origin filled with vegetables or meat and fried and served hot
  • samphire -  fleshy maritime plant having fleshy stems with rudimentary scalelike leaves and small spikes of minute flowers; formerly used in making glass
  • sana -  the capital and largest city of Yemen; on the central plateau
  • sandwich -  two (or more) slices of bread with a filling between them;  insert or squeeze tightly between two people or objects; make into a sandwich
  • sargassum -  brown algae with rounded bladders forming dense floating masses in tropical Atlantic waters as in the Sargasso Sea
  • sashimi -  very thinly sliced raw fish
  • sauce -  flavorful relish or dressing or topping served as an accompaniment to food;  add zest or flavor to, make more interesting; dress (food) with a relish; behave saucy or impudently towards
  • sauerbraten -  pot roast marinated several days in seasoned vinegar before cooking; usually served with potato dumplings
  • sauerkraut -  shredded cabbage fermented in brine
  • sausage -  highly seasoned minced meat stuffed in casings; a small nonrigid airship used for observation or as a barrage balloon
  • savoury -  pleasing to the sense of taste; morally respectable or inoffensive; having an agreeably pungent taste;  an aromatic or spicy dish served at the end of dinner or as an hors d'oeuvre; either of two aromatic herbs of the mint family
  • savoy cabbage -  head of soft crinkly leaves; cabbage plant with a compact head of crinkled leaves
  • saxifraga oppositifolia -  plants forming dense cushions with bright reddish-lavender flowers; rocky areas of Europe and Asia and western North America
  • scalding -  marked by harshly abusive criticism
  • scale -  a flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of many animals; an indicator having a graduated sequence of marks; a measuring instrument for weighing; shows amount of mass; (music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave); a thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the skin; a specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin; relative magnitude; the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it; an ordered reference standard; a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners);  size or measure according to a scale; measure with or as if with scales; remove the scales from; pattern, make, regulate, set, measure, or estimate according to some rate or standard; climb up by means of a ladder; reach the highest point of; take by attacking with scaling ladders; measure by or as if by a scale
  • scallion -  young onion before the bulb has enlarged; plant having a large slender white bulb and flat overlapping dark green leaves; used in cooking; believed derived from the wild Allium ampeloprasum
  • scampi -  large shrimp sauteed in oil or butter and garlic
  • schmaltz -  (Yiddish) excessive sentimentality in art or music
  • schnecken -  rolled dough spread with sugar and nuts then sliced and baked in muffin tins with honey or sugar and butter in the bottom
  • scone -  small biscuit (rich with cream and eggs) cut into diamonds or sticks and baked in an oven or (especially originally) on a griddle
  • scorzonera hispanica -  perennial south European herb having narrow entire leaves and solitary yellow flower heads and long black edible roots shaped like carrots
  • scotch broth -  a thick soup made from beef or mutton with vegetables and pearl barley
  • scotch egg -  hard-cooked egg encased in sausage meat then breaded and deep-fried
  • scotch woodcock -  creamy scrambled eggs on toast spread with anchovy paste
  • scrambled eggs -  eggs beaten and cooked to a soft firm consistency while stirring
  • scrapple -  scraps of meat (usually pork) boiled with cornmeal and shaped into loaves for slicing and frying
  • scraps -  food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)
  • screwball -  foolish; totally unsound;  a pitch with reverse spin that curves toward the side of the plate from which it was thrown; a whimsically eccentric person
  • sea lettuce -  seaweed with edible translucent crinkly green fronds
  • seafood -  edible fish (broadly including freshwater fish) or shellfish or roe etc
  • seasoned salt -  combination of salt and vegetable extracts and spices and monosodium glutamate
  • seasoning -  the act of adding a seasoning to food; something added to food primarily for the savor it imparts
  • seaweed -  plant growing in the sea, especially marine algae
  • semolina -  milled product of durum wheat (or other hard wheat) used in pasta
  • sender -  someone who transmits a message; set used to broadcast radio or tv signals
  • sesame -  East Indian annual erect herb; source of sesame seed or benniseed and sesame oil
  • sesbania grandiflora -  a softwood tree with lax racemes of usually red or pink flowers; tropical Australia and Asia; naturalized in southern Florida and West Indies
  • shallot -  small mild-flavored onion-like or garlic-like clustered bulbs used for seasoning; type of onion plant producing small clustered mild-flavored bulbs used as seasoning; aggregated bulb of the multiplier onion
  • shank -  a poor golf stroke in which the heel of the club hits the ball; the narrow part of the shoe connecting the heel and the wide part of the sole; cylinder forming the part of a bit by which it is held in the drill; cylinder forming the part of a bolt between the thread and the head; cylinder forming a long narrow part of something; the part of the human leg between the knee and the ankle; a cut of meat (beef or veal or mutton or lamb) from the upper part of the leg; lower part of the leg extending from the hock to the fetlock in hoofed mammals;  hit (a golf ball) with the heel of a club, causing the ball to veer in the wrong direction
  • sharp -  having or made by a thin edge or sharp point; suitable for cutting or piercing; keenly and painfully felt; as if caused by a sharp edge or point; quick and forceful; very sudden and in great amount or degree; raised in pitch by one chromatic semitone; harsh; marked by practical hardheaded intelligence; (of something seen or heard) clearly defined; extremely steep; having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones; having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions; ending in a sharp point; adv. changing suddenly in direction and degree;  a long thin sewing needle with a sharp point; a musical notation indicating one half step higher than the note named
  • shelf life -  the length of time a packaged food or drug will last without deteriorating
  • shellac -  a thin varnish made by dissolving lac in ethanol; used to finish wood; lac purified by heating and filtering; usually in thin orange or yellow flakes but sometimes bleached white;  cover with shellac
  • shellfish -  meat of edible aquatic invertebrate with a shell (especially a mollusk or crustacean); invertebrate having a soft unsegmented body usually enclosed in a shell
  • shepherd's pie -  pie of hash covered with mashed potatoes and browned in the oven
  • shiitake -  edible east Asian mushroom having a golden or dark brown to blackish cap and an inedible stipe
  • shish kebab -  cubes of meat marinated and cooked on a skewer usually with vegetables
  • shoofly pie -  open pie filled with a mixture of sweet crumbs and molasses
  • shortcake -  very short biscuit dough baked as individual biscuits or a round loaf; served with sweetened fruit and usually whipped cream
  • shrimp -  small slender-bodied chiefly marine decapod crustaceans with a long tail and single pair of pincers; many species are edible; any of various edible decapod crustaceans; disparaging terms for small people;  fish for shrimp
  • shrub -  a low woody perennial plant usually having several major branches
  • silphium -  tall North American perennial herbs
  • silverside -  small fishes having a silver stripe along each side; abundant along the Atlantic coast of the United States
  • silybum marianum -  tall Old World biennial thistle with large clasping white-blotched leaves and purple flower heads; naturalized in California and South America
  • sium sisarum -  an Asiatic herb cultivated in Europe for its sweet edible tuberous root
  • skewer -  a long pin for holding meat in position while it is being roasted;  drive a skewer through
  • skinner -  a person who prepares or deals in animal skins; United States psychologist and a leading proponent of behaviorism (1904-1990); United States actress noted for her one-woman shows (1901-1979); United States actor (1858-1942); a worker who drives mules
  • slider -  a fastball that curves slightly away from the side from which it was thrown; freshwater turtle of United States and South America; frequently raised commercially; some young sold as pets; someone who races the luge; a person who slips or slides because of loss of traction
  • slinger -  a person who uses a sling to throw something
  • sloppy joe -  ground beef (not a patty) cooked in a spicy sauce and served on a bun
  • slush -  partially melted snow;  spill or splash copiously or clumsily; make a splashing sound
  • smash - adv. with a loud crash;  a serious collision (especially of motor vehicles); a conspicuous success; the act of colliding with something; a hard return hitting the tennis ball above your head; a vigorous blow;  break suddenly into pieces, as from a violent blow; break into pieces, as by striking or knocking over; overthrow or destroy (something considered evil or harmful); hit hard; collide or strike violently and suddenly; hit (a tennis ball) in a powerful overhead stroke; hit violently; damage or destroy as if by violence; humiliate or depress completely; reduce to bankruptcy
  • smetana -  Czech composer (1824-1884)
  • smilax -  fragile twining plant of South Africa with bright green flattened stems and glossy foliage popular as a floral decoration; sometimes placed in Smilacaceae
  • smith -  someone who works metal (especially by hammering it when it is hot and malleable); someone who works at something specified; Scottish economist who advocated private enterprise and free trade (1723-1790); English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia; was said to have been saved by Pocahontas (1580-1631); religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844); United States blues singer (1894-1937); United States suffragist who refused to pay taxes until she could vote (1792-1886); United States singer noted for her rendition of patriotic songs (1909-1986); United States sculptor (1906-1965); Rhodesian statesman who declared independence of Zimbabwe from Great Britain (born in 1919)
  • smokehouse -  a small house where smoke is used to cure meat or fish
  • smoking -  emitting smoke in great volume;  the act of smoking tobacco or other substances; a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • smyrnium olusatrum -  European herb somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in Britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb
  • snack -  a light informal meal;  eat a snack; eat lightly
  • snack food -  food for light meals or for eating between meals
  • snap pea -  variety of pea plant producing peas having crisp rounded edible pods
  • snow pea -  green peas with flat edible pods; variety of pea plant producing peas having thin flat edible pods
  • sodium bicarbonate -  a white soluble compound (NaHCO3) used in effervescent drinks and in baking powders and as an antacid
  • sodium nitrite -  nitrite used to preserve and color food especially in meat and fish products; implicated in the formation of suspected carcinogens
  • soft drink -  nonalcoholic beverage (usually carbonated)
  • solanum aviculare -  Australian annual sometimes cultivated for its racemes of purple flowers and edible yellow egg-shaped fruit
  • solanum quitoense -  small perennial shrub cultivated in uplands of South America for its edible bright orange fruits resembling tomatoes or oranges
  • sonchus oleraceus -  annual Eurasian sow thistle with soft spiny leaves and rayed yellow flower heads
  • sooth -  truth or reality
  • sorbet -  an ice containing milk
  • sorghum -  made from juice of sweet sorghum; economically important Old World tropical cereal grass; annual or perennial tropical and subtropical cereal grasses: sorghum
  • sorghum bicolor -  important for human and animal food; growth habit and stem form similar to Indian corn but having sawtooth-edged leaves
  • sorrel -  of a light brownish color;  a horse of a brownish orange to light brown color; large sour-tasting arrowhead-shaped leaves used in salads and sauces; East Indian sparsely prickly annual herb or perennial subshrub widely cultivated for its fleshy calyxes used in tarts and jelly and for its bast fiber; any of certain coarse weedy plants with long taproots, sometimes used as table greens or in folk medicine; any plant or flower of the genus Oxalis
  • soup -  liquid food especially of meat or fish or vegetable stock often containing pieces of solid food; an unfortunate situation; any composition having a consistency suggestive of soup;  dope (a racehorse)
  • soup kitchen -  a place where food is dispensed to the needy
  • soup spoon -  a spoon with a rounded bowl for eating soup
  • sourdough -  a settler or prospector (especially in western United States or northwest Canada and Alaska); a leaven of dough in which fermentation is active; used by pioneers for making bread
  • soy sauce -  thin sauce made of fermented soy beans
  • soybean -  most highly proteinaceous vegetable crop known; erect bushy hairy annual herb having trifoliate leaves and purple to pink flowers; extensively cultivated for food and forage and soil improvement but especially for its nutritious oil-rich seeds; native to Asia; a source of oil; used for forage and soil improvement and as food
  • spaghetti -  pasta in the form of long strings; spaghetti served with a tomato sauce
  • spam -  unwanted e-mail (usually of a commercial nature sent out in bulk); a canned meat made largely from pork;  send unwanted or junk e-mail
  • spearmint -  common garden herb having clusters of small purplish flowers and yielding an oil used as a flavoring
  • species -  a specific kind of something; (biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
  • spice -  any of a variety of pungent aromatic vegetable substances used for flavoring food; aromatic substances of vegetable origin used as a preservative; the property of being seasoned with spice and so highly flavored;  make more interesting or flavorful; add herbs or spices to
  • spice islands -  a group of island in eastern Indonesia between Celebes and New Guinea; settled by the Portuguese but taken by the Dutch who made them the center for a spice monopoly, at which time they were known as Spice Islands
  • spicery -  the property of being seasoned with spice and so highly flavored
  • spinach -  dark green leaves; eaten cooked or raw in salads; southwestern Asian plant widely cultivated for its succulent edible dark green leaves
  • sponge cake -  a light porous cake made with eggs and flour and sugar without shortening
  • spread -  prepared or arranged for a meal; especially having food set out; distributed or spread over a considerable extent; fully extended in width;  act of extending over a wider scope or expanse of space or time; the expansion of a person's girth (especially at middle age); two facing pages of a book or other publication; process or result of distributing or extending over a wide expanse of space; a tasty mixture to be spread on bread or crackers; decorative cover for a bed; farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle); a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two figures; a haphazard distribution in all directions; a meal that is well prepared and greatly enjoyed;  distribute or disperse widely; become distributed or widespread; distribute over a surface in a layer; cover by spreading something over; strew or distribute over an area; spread across or over; cause to become widely known; become widely known and passed on; spread out or open from a closed or folded state; move outward
  • spree -  a brief indulgence of your impulses;  engage without restraint in an activity and indulge, as when shopping
  • sprinkles -  bits of sweet chocolate used as a topping on e.g. ice cream
  • sprouting -  the process whereby seeds or spores sprout and begin to grow
  • spunk -  the courage to carry on; material for starting a fire
  • squab -  short and fat;  an unfledged pigeon; a soft padded sofa; flesh of a pigeon suitable for roasting or braising; flesh of a dove (young squab) may be broiled
  • stabiliser -  a device for making something stable
  • stage -  a section or portion of a journey or course; a large platform on which people can stand and can be seen by an audience; a small platform on a microscope where the specimen is mounted for examination; the theater as a profession (usually `the stage'); any scene regarded as a setting for exhibiting or doing something; a large coach-and-four formerly used to carry passengers and mail on regular routes between towns; a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process; any distinct time period in a sequence of events;  plan, organize, and carry out (an event); perform (a play), especially on a stage
  • stanleya pinnata -  perennial of southwestern United States having leathery blue-green pinnatifid leaves and thick plumelike spikes of yellow flowers; sometimes placed in genus Cleome
  • starch -  a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles;  stiffen with starch
  • steak and kidney pie -  steak with sauteed kidneys and onions cooked in wine and stock then covered with pastry and baked
  • steak tartare -  ground beef mixed with raw egg and e.g. onions and capers and anchovies; eaten raw
  • steamer -  a ship powered by one or more steam engines; a cooking utensil that can be used to cook food by steaming it; an edible clam with thin oval-shaped shell found in coastal regions of the United States and Europe; a clam that is usually steamed in the shell;  travel by means of steam power
  • stellaria media -  a common low-growing annual garden weed with small white flowers; cosmopolitan; so-called because it is eaten by chickens
  • stevens -  United States filmmaker (1905-1975); United States poet (1879-1955); United States psychologist and psychophysicist who proposed Stevens' power law to replace Fechner's law (1906-1973)
  • stevia -  any plant of the genus Piqueria or the closely related genus Stevia; any plant of the genus Stevia or the closely related genus Piqueria having glutinous foliage and white or purplish flowers; Central and South America
  • stew -  food prepared by stewing especially meat or fish with vegetables; agitation resulting from active worry;  cook slowly and for a long time in liquid; bear a grudge; harbor ill feelings; be in a huff; be silent or sullen
  • sticky bun -  rolled dough spread with sugar and nuts then sliced and baked in muffin tins with honey or sugar and butter in the bottom
  • stock -  routine; repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse; regularly and widely used or sold;  the merchandise that a shop has on hand; the handle end of some implements or tools; the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun; lumber used in the construction of something; any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers; a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants; persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant; the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity); the reputation and popularity a person has; not used technically; any animals kept for use or profit; an ornamental white cravat; liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces; a special variety of domesticated animals within a species; the descendants of one individual; any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus Malcolmia; a supply of something available for future use; a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation;  have on hand; provide or furnish with a stock of something; stock up on to keep for future use or sale; supply with livestock; supply with fish; equip with a stock; put forth and grow sprouts or shoots
  • stockfish -  fish cured by being split and air-dried without salt
  • stone pine -  medium-sized two-needled pine of southern Europe having a spreading crown; widely cultivated for its sweet seeds that resemble almonds
  • stork -  large mostly Old World wading birds typically having white-and-black plumage
  • straw wine -  sweet wine from grapes partially sun-dried on the vine or on straw mats
  • strip steak -  steak from upper part of the short loin
  • stuffed peppers -  parboiled green peppers stuffed usually with rice and meat and baked briefly
  • stuffing -  padding put in mattresses and cushions and upholstered furniture; a mixture of seasoned ingredients used to stuff meats and vegetables
  • stunning -  strikingly beautiful or attractive; causing or capable of causing bewilderment or shock or insensibility; causing great astonishment and consternation; commanding attention
  • submarine sandwich -  a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States
  • sucrose -  a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
  • suet pudding -  a sweet or savory pudding made with suet and steamed or boiled
  • sugar -  a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative; informal terms for money; an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain;  sweeten with sugar
  • sugar apple -  sweet pulpy tropical fruit with thick scaly rind and shiny black seeds
  • sugar beet -  white-rooted beet grown as a source of sugar; form of the common beet having a sweet white root from which sugar is obtained
  • sugar candy -  made by boiling pure sugar until it hardens
  • sugar daddy -  a wealthy older man who gives a young person expensive gifts in return for friendship or intimacy
  • sugarcane -  tall tropical southeast Asian grass having stout fibrous jointed stalks; sap is a chief source of sugar; juicy canes whose sap is a source of molasses and commercial sugar; fresh canes are sometimes chewed for the juice
  • sugarloaf -  a large conical loaf of concentrated refined sugar
  • suite -  apartment consisting of a series of connected rooms used as a living unit (as in a hotel); a musical composition of several movements only loosely connected; a matching set of furniture; the group following and attending to some important person
  • sukiyaki -  thin beef strips (or chicken or pork) cooked briefly at the table with onions and greens and soy sauce
  • sumac -  a shrub or tree of the genus Rhus (usually limited to the non-poisonous members of the genus); wood of a sumac
  • summer squash -  any of various fruits of the gourd family that mature during the summer; eaten while immature and before seeds and rind harden; any of various usually bushy plants producing fruit that is eaten while immature and before the rind or seeds harden
  • sunflower seed -  edible seed of sunflowers; used as food and poultry feed and as a source of oil
  • sushi -  rice (with raw fish) wrapped in seaweed
  • sweet -  pleasing to the senses; (used of wines) having a high residual sugar content; having or denoting the characteristic taste of sugar; having a natural fragrance; not containing or composed of salt water; having a sweet nature befitting an angel or cherub; pleasing to the ear; pleasing to the mind or feeling; with sweetening added; not soured or preserved; adv. in an affectionate or loving manner (`sweet' is sometimes a poetic or informal variant of `sweetly');  the taste experience when sugar dissolves in the mouth; a food rich in sugar; English phonetician; one of the founders of modern phonetics (1845-1912); the property of tasting as if it contains sugar; a dish served as the last course of a meal
  • sweet corn -  corn that can be eaten as a vegetable while still young and soft; a corn plant developed in order to have young ears that are sweet and suitable for eating
  • sweet potato -  the edible tuberous root of the sweet potato vine which is grown widely in warm regions of the United States; pantropical vine widely cultivated in several varieties for its large sweet tuberous root with orange flesh; egg-shaped terra cotta wind instrument with a mouthpiece and finger holes
  • sweet roll -  any of numerous yeast-raised sweet rolls with our without raisins or nuts or spices or a glaze
  • sweet sorghum -  any of several sorghums cultivated as a source of syrup
  • sweetener -  anything that serves as an enticement; something added to foods to make them taste sweeter
  • swerve -  the act of turning aside suddenly; an erratic deflection from an intended course;  turn sharply; change direction abruptly
  • swiss cheese -  hard pale yellow cheese with many holes from Switzerland
  • swiss roll -  thin sheet of sponge cake spread with jelly and then rolled up to make a cylindrical cake
  • swiss steak -  steak braised in tomato and onion mixture
  • syrup -  a thick sweet sticky liquid
  • tabasco sauce -  very spicy sauce (trade name Tabasco) made from fully-aged red peppers
  • tabbouleh -  a finely chopped salad with tomatoes and parsley and mint and scallions and bulgur wheat
  • table salt -  white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food
  • tablet -  a small flat compressed cake of some substance; a slab of stone or wood suitable for bearing an inscription; a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge
  • tableware -  articles for use at the table (dishes and silverware and glassware)
  • tacca leontopetaloides -  perennial herb of East Indies to Polynesia and Australia; cultivated for its large edible root yielding Otaheite arrowroot starch
  • taco -  a tortilla rolled cupped around a filling; offensive terms for a person of Mexican descent
  • taffy -  chewy candy of sugar or syrup boiled until thick and pulled until glossy
  • tagetes erecta -  a stout branching annual with large yellow to orange flower heads; Mexico and Central America
  • tahini -  a thick Middle Eastern paste made from ground sesame seeds
  • tall oil -  an oil derived from wood pulp and used in making soaps or lubricants
  • tamale -  corn and cornmeal dough stuffed with a meat mixture then wrapped in corn husks and steamed; a city in northern Ghana
  • tamarillo -  South American arborescent shrub having pale pink blossoms followed by egg-shaped reddish-brown edible fruit somewhat resembling a tomato in flavor
  • tamarind -  large tropical seed pod with very tangy pulp that is eaten fresh or cooked with rice and fish or preserved for curries and chutneys; long-lived tropical evergreen tree with a spreading crown and feathery evergreen foliage and fragrant flowers yielding hard yellowish wood and long pods with edible chocolate-colored acidic pulp
  • tangor -  large citrus tree having large sweet deep orange fruit that is easily peeled; widely cultivated in Florida
  • tannin -  any of various complex phenolic substances of plant origin; used in tanning and in medicine
  • tapa -  a paperlike cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark; the thin fibrous bark of the paper mulberry and Pipturus albidus
  • tapenade -  a spread consisting of capers and black olives and anchovies made into a puree with olive oil
  • tapioca -  granular preparation of cassava starch used to thicken especially puddings
  • taraxacum -  an asterid dicot genus of the family Compositae including dandelions
  • taraxacum officinale -  Eurasian plant widely naturalized as a weed in North America; used as salad greens and to make wine
  • taro -  tropical starchy tuberous root; herb of the Pacific islands grown throughout the tropics for its edible root and in temperate areas as an ornamental for its large glossy leaves; edible starchy tuberous root of taro plants
  • tart -  harsh; tasting sour like a lemon;  a pastry cup with a filling of fruit or custard and no top crust; a small open pie with a fruit filling; a woman who engages in sexual intercourse for money
  • tartar sauce -  mayonnaise with chopped pickles and sometimes capers and shallots and parsley and hard-cooked egg; sauce for seafood especially fried fish
  • tate -  United States poet and critic (1899-1979)
  • teacake -  any of various small cakes or cookies often served with tea; flat semisweet cookie or biscuit usually served with tea
  • technology -  the practical application of science to commerce or industry; the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems
  • teff -  an African grass economically important as a cereal grass (yielding white flower of good quality) as well as for forage and hay
  • tempura -  vegetables and seafood dipped in batter and deep-fried
  • terrine -  a pate or fancy meatloaf baked in an earthenware casserole
  • tetrazzini -  a pasta dish with cream sauce and mushrooms
  • texan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Texas or its residents;  a native or resident of Texas
  • thomas -  the Apostle who would not believe the resurrection of Jesus until he saw Jesus with his own eyes; Welsh poet (1914-1953); a radio broadcast journalist during World War I and World War II noted for his nightly new broadcast (1892-1981); United States socialist who was a candidate for president six times (1884-1968); United States clockmaker who introduced mass production (1785-1859)
  • thymol -  a colorless crystalline solid used in perfume or preserving biological specimens or in embalming or medically as a fungicide or antiseptic
  • timbale -  small pastry shell for creamy mixtures of minced foods; individual serving of minced e.g. meat or fish in a rich creamy sauce baked in a small pastry mold or timbale shell
  • tipsy cake -  a trifle soaked in wine and decorated with almonds and candied fruit
  • tiramisu -  an Italian dessert consisting of layers of sponge cake soaked with coffee and brandy or liqueur layered with mascarpone cheese and topped with grated chocolate
  • toast -  slices of bread that have been toasted; a celebrity who receives much acclaim and attention; a drink in honor of or to the health of a person or event; a person in desperate straits; someone doomed;  propose a toast to; make brown and crisp by heating
  • toddy -  a mixed drink made of liquor and water with sugar and spices and served hot
  • toddy palm -  tall fan palm of Africa and India and Malaysia yielding a hard wood and sweet sap that is a source of palm wine and sugar; leaves used for thatching and weaving
  • toffee -  caramelized sugar cooled in thin sheets
  • tofu -  cheeselike food made of curdled soybean milk
  • tomalley -  edible greenish substance in boiled lobster
  • tomatillo -  small edible yellow to purple tomato-like fruit enclosed in a bladderlike husk; annual of Mexico and southern United States having edible purplish viscid fruit resembling small tomatoes; Mexican annual naturalized in eastern North America having yellow to purple edible fruit resembling small tomatoes
  • tomato juice -  the juice of tomatoes (usually bottled or canned)
  • tomato sauce -  sauce made with a puree of tomatoes (or strained tomatoes) with savory vegetables and other seasonings; can be used on pasta
  • topaz -  a mineral (fluosilicate of aluminum) that occurs in crystals of various colors and is used as a gemstone; a yellow quartz; a light brown the color of topaz
  • topic -  some situation or event that is thought about; the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
  • torrey pine -  medium-sized five-needled pine of southwestern California having long cylindrical cones
  • torreya californica -  California evergreen having a fruit resembling a nutmeg but with a strong turpentine flavor
  • torte -  rich cake usually covered with cream and fruit or nuts; originated in Austria
  • tortilla -  thin unleavened pancake made from cornmeal or wheat flour
  • tostada -  a crisp flat tortilla; a flat tortilla with various fillings piled on it
  • toxic waste -  poisonous waste materials; can cause injury (especially by chemical means)
  • tragacanth -  a gum used in pharmacy, adhesives, and textile printing
  • tragopogon -  genus of Old World herbs with linear entire leaves and yellow or purple flower heads
  • tragopogon dubius -  European perennial naturalized throughout United States having hollow stems with a few long narrow tapered leaves and each bearing a solitary pale yellow flower
  • tragopogon porrifolius -  Mediterranean biennial herb with long-stemmed heads of purple ray flowers and milky sap and long edible root; naturalized throughout United States
  • treacle -  an expression that is excessively sweet and sentimental; a pale cane syrup
  • tree onion -  type of perennial onion grown chiefly as a curiosity or for early salad onions; having bulbils that replace the flowers
  • tremella fuciformis -  popular in China and Japan and Taiwan; gelatinous mushrooms; most are dried
  • trencher -  a wooden board or platter on which food is served or carved; someone who digs trenches
  • trifle -  sponge cake spread with jam and soaked in wine; served with a custard sauce; something of small importance; a detail that is considered insignificant;  consider not very seriously; act frivolously; waste time; spend one's time idly or inefficiently
  • trifolium incarnatum -  southern European annual with spiky heads of crimson flower; extensively cultivated in United States for forage
  • trifolium repens -  creeping European clover having white to pink flowers and bright green leaves; naturalized in United States; widely grown for forage
  • tripe -  lining of the stomach of a ruminant (especially a bovine) used as food; nonsensical talk or writing
  • triple cream -  fresh soft French cheese containing at least 72% fat
  • trisodium phosphate -  the tertiary phosphate of sodium used as a builder in soaps and detergents
  • troika -  a Russian carriage pulled by three horses abreast; a modern Russian triumvirate
  • tropaeolum majus -  strong-growing annual climber having large flowers of all shades of orange from orange-red to yellowish orange and seeds that are pickled and used like capers
  • truckle -  a low bed to be slid under a higher bed;  yield to out of weakness; try to gain favor by cringing or flattering
  • truffle -  creamy chocolate candy; edible subterranean fungus of the genus Tuber; any of various highly prized edible subterranean fungi of the genus Tuber; grow naturally in southwestern Europe
  • tuber -  type genus of the Tuberaceae: fungi whose fruiting bodies are typically truffles; a fleshy underground stem or root serving for reproductive and food storage
  • tuberaceae -  family of fungi whose ascocarps resemble tubers and vary in size from that of an acorn to that of a large apple
  • tuna salad -  salad composed primarily of chopped canned tuna fish
  • tung oil -  a yellow oil obtained from the seeds of the tung tree
  • turbatrix aceti -  minute eelworm that feeds on organisms that cause fermentation in e.g. vinegar
  • turmeric -  ground dried rhizome of the turmeric plant used as seasoning; widely cultivated tropical plant of India having yellow flowers and a large aromatic deep yellow rhizome; source of a condiment and a yellow dye
  • turnip -  root of any of several members of the mustard family; widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root
  • turnover -  a dish made by folding a piece of pastry over a filling; the act of upsetting something; the volume measured in dollars; the ratio of the number of workers that had to be replaced in a given time period to the average number of workers
  • turtle soup -  soup usually made of the flesh of green turtles
  • tutti-frutti -  ice cream containing chopped candied fruits
  • tv dinner -  a meal that is prepared in advance and frozen; can be heated and served
  • twirl -  the act of rotating rapidly; a sharp bend in a line produced when a line having a loop is pulled tight;  turn in a twisting or spinning motion; cause to spin
  • twist -  turning or twisting around (in place); social dancing in which couples vigorously twist their hips and arms in time to the music; was popular in the 1960s; a jerky pulling movement; any clever maneuver; the act of rotating rapidly; the act of winding or twisting; a hairdo formed by braiding or twisting the hair; an interpretation of a text or action; an unforeseen development; a miniature whirlpool or whirlwind resulting when the current of a fluid doubles back on itself; a circular segment of a curve; a sharp bend in a line produced when a line having a loop is pulled tight; a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments;  twist suddenly so as to sprain; form into twists; practice sophistry; change the meaning of or be vague about in order to mislead or deceive; turn in the opposite direction; form into a spiral shape; do the twist; cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form; twist or pull violently or suddenly, especially so as to remove (something) from that to which it is attached or from where it originates; to move in a twisting or contorted motion, (especially when struggling); extend in curves and turns
  • typha -  reed maces; cattails
  • typha latifolia -  tall marsh plant with cylindrical seed heads that explode when mature shedding large quantities of down; its long flat leaves are used for making mats and chair seats; of North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa
  • ulex -  genus of Eurasian spiny shrubs: gorse
  • ullage -  the amount that a container (as a wine bottle or tank) lacks of being full
  • unit -  a single undivided whole; an organization regarded as part of a larger social group; a single undivided natural thing occurring in the composition of something else; an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole; an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity; any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange
  • united states -  North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776; the executive and legislative and judicial branches of the federal government of the United States
  • urtica -  a nettle yielding fiber resembling flax
  • urtica dioica -  perennial Eurasian nettle established in North America having broad coarsely toothed leaves with copious stinging hairs
  • vaccinium angustifolium -  low-growing deciduous shrub of northeastern North America having flowers in compact racemes and bearing sweet dark blue berries
  • vaccinium corymbosum -  high-growing deciduous shrub of eastern North America bearing edible blueish to blackish berries with a distinct bloom; source of most cultivated blueberries
  • vaccinium ovatum -  stiff bushy evergreen shrub of western North America having sour black berries and glossy green foliage used in floral arrangements
  • vanilla extract -  a flavoring prepared from vanilla beans macerated in alcohol (or imitating vanilla beans)
  • vanillin -  a crystalline compound found in vanilla beans and some balsam resins; used in perfumes and flavorings
  • vegetable -  of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from plants;  edible seeds or roots or stems or leaves or bulbs or tubers or nonsweet fruits of any of numerous herbaceous plant; any of various herbaceous plants cultivated for an edible part such as the fruit or the root of the beet or the leaf of spinach or the seeds of bean plants or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower
  • vegetable oil -  any of a group of liquid edible fats that are obtained from plants
  • venison -  meat from a deer used as food
  • vermicelli -  pasta in strings thinner than spaghetti
  • veronica americana -  plant of western North America and northeastern Asia having prostrate stems with dense racemes of pale violet to lilac flowers
  • verpa bohemica -  resembles a thimble on a finger; the surface of the fertile portion is folded into wrinkles that extend from the top down; fruiting begins in spring before the leaves are out on the trees
  • viburnum prunifolium -  upright deciduous shrub having frosted dark-blue fruit; east and east central North America
  • viburnum trilobum -  deciduous North American shrub or small tree having three-lobed leaves and red berries
  • vichyssoise -  a creamy potato soup flavored with leeks and onions; usually served cold
  • vicia cracca -  common perennial climber of temperate regions of Eurasia and North America having dense elongate clusters of flowers
  • vicia faba -  Old World upright plant grown especially for its large flat edible seeds but also as fodder
  • vienna sausage -  short slender frankfurter usually with ends cut off
  • vigna aconitifolia -  East Indian legume having hairy foliage and small yellow flowers followed by cylindrical pods; used especially in India for food and forage and as a soil conditioner; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus
  • vigor -  active strength of body or mind; an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing); forceful exertion
  • vinaigrette -  oil and vinegar with mustard and garlic
  • vinegar -  sour-tasting liquid produced usually by oxidation of the alcohol in wine or cider and used as a condiment or food preservative; dilute acetic acid
  • viola -  a bowed stringed instrument slightly larger than a violin, tuned a fifth lower; large genus of flowering herbs of temperate regions; any of the numerous plants of the genus Viola
  • viscount -  a British peer who ranks below an earl and above a baron; (in various countries) a son or younger brother or a count
  • vitis -  the type genus of the family Vitaceae; woody vines with simple leaves and small flowers; includes a wide variety of grapes
  • vitis rotundifolia -  native grape of southeastern United States; origin of many cultivated varieties
  • vodka -  unaged colorless liquor originating in Russia
  • vol-au-vent -  puff paste shell filled with a savory meat mixture usually with a sauce
  • volvariella -  an important genus of mushrooms in the Orient
  • volvariella volvacea -  small tropical and subtropical edible mushroom having a white cap and long stem; an expensive delicacy in China and other Asian countries where it is grown commercially
  • wafer -  thin disk of unleavened bread used in a religious service (especially in the celebration of the Eucharist); a small thin crisp cake or cookie; a small adhesive disk of paste; used to seal letters
  • waffle -  pancake batter baked in a waffle iron;  pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness
  • waldorf salad -  typically made of apples and celery with nuts or raisins and dressed with mayonnaise
  • walnut -  nut of any of various walnut trees having a wrinkled two-lobed seed with a hard shell; any of various trees of the genus Juglans; hard dark-brown wood of any of various walnut trees; used especially for furniture and paneling
  • wasabi -  the thick green root of the wasabi plant that the Japanese use in cooking and that tastes like strong horseradish; in powder or paste form it is often eaten with raw fish; a Japanese plant of the family Cruciferae with a thick green root
  • water biscuit -  a thin flour-and-water biscuit usually made without shortening; often served with cheese
  • watercress -  of a moderate yellow-green color that is greener and deeper than moss green and yellower and darker than pea green;  cresses that grow in clear ponds and streams; any of several water-loving cresses
  • watermelon -  large oblong or roundish melon with a hard green rind and sweet watery red or occasionally yellowish pulp; an African melon
  • wedding cake -  a rich cake with two or more tiers and covered with frosting and decorations; served at a wedding reception
  • whatchamacallit -  something unspecified whose name is either forgotten or not known
  • wheat -  grains of common wheat; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as cereal; usually ground into flour; annual or biennial grass having erect flower spikes and light brown grains
  • wheat berry -  a grain of wheat; grains of common wheat; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as cereal; usually ground into flour
  • whey -  watery part of milk produced when raw milk sours and coagulates; the serum or watery part of milk that is separated from the curd in making cheese
  • whipped cream -  cream that has been beaten until light and fluffy
  • white chocolate -  a blend of cocoa butter and milk solids and sugar and vanilla; used in candy bars and backing and coatings; not technically chocolate because it contains no chocolate liquor
  • white-hot -  intensely zealous or fervid; glowing white with heat
  • white meat -  meat carved from the breast of a fowl
  • whitebait -  the edible young of especially herrings and sprats and smelts; minnows or other small fresh- or saltwater fish (especially herring); usually cooked whole
  • whopper -  a gross untruth; a blatant lie; something especially big or impressive of its kind
  • wild rice -  grains of aquatic grass of North America; perennial aquatic grass of North America bearing grain used for food
  • wine -  a red as dark as red wine; fermented juice (of grapes especially);  treat to wine; drink wine
  • winepress -  a press that is used to extract the juice from grapes
  • winged bean -  a tuberous twining annual vine bearing clusters of purplish flowers and pods with four jagged wings; Old World tropics
  • wrack -  dried seaweed especially that cast ashore; the destruction or collapse of something; growth of marine vegetation especially of the large forms such as rockweeds and kelp;  smash or break forcefully
  • wrap -  cloak that is folded or wrapped around a person; a sandwich in which the filling is rolled up in a soft tortilla; the covering (usually paper or cellophane) in which something is wrapped;  arrange or fold as a cover or protection; wrap or coil around; enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering
  • xanthosis -  an abnormal yellow discoloration of the skin
  • xanthosoma -  tropical American tuberous perennials
  • xanthosoma sagittifolium -  tropical American aroid having edible tubers that are cooked and eaten like yams or potatoes
  • xerophyllum tenax -  plant of western North America having woody rhizomes and tufts of stiff grasslike basal leaves and spikes of creamy white flowers
  • yazoo -  a river that rises in west central Mississippi and flows southwest to empty into the Mississippi River above Vicksburg
  • yeast -  any of various single-celled fungi that reproduce asexually by budding or division; a commercial leavening agent containing yeast cells; used to raise the dough in making bread and for fermenting beer or whiskey
  • yogurt -  a custard-like food made from curdled milk
  • yorkshire pudding -  light puffy bread made of a puff batter and traditionally baked in the pan with roast beef
  • young -  being in its early stage; (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth; (of crops) harvested at an early stage of development; before complete maturity; not tried or tested by experience; suggestive of youth; vigorous and fresh;  any immature animal; young people collectively; United States religious leader of the Mormon Church after the assassination of Joseph Smith; he led the Mormon exodus from Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah (1801-1877); United States baseball player and famous pitcher (1867-1955); English poet (1683-1765); United States jazz tenor saxophonist (1909-1959); British physicist and Egyptologist; he revived the wave theory of light and proposed a three-component theory of color vision; he also played an important role in deciphering the hieroglyphics on the Rosetta Stone (1773-1829); United States civil rights leader (1921-1971); United States film and television actress (1913-2000)
  • yucca glauca -  yucca of west central United States having a clump of basal grasslike leaves and a central stalk with a terminal raceme of small whitish flowers
  • yule log -  large log traditionally burned at Christmas
  • zest -  a tart spicy quality; vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment;  add herbs or spices to
  • zingiber -  tropical Asiatic and Polynesian perennial plants: ginger
  • ziti -  medium-sized tubular pasta in short pieces
  • zucchini -  small cucumber-shaped vegetable marrow; typically dark green; marrow squash plant whose fruit are eaten when small
  • zwieback -  slice of sweet raised bread baked again until it is brown and hard and crisp


 

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