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Difference between revisions of "Beriberi"

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Beriberi is a condition that occurs in people who are deficient in thiamine (vitamin B1). There are two types of beriberi: wet and dry. Wet beriberi affects the cardiovascular system and can cause increased heart rate, shortness of breath, and swelling of the lower legs. Dry beriberi affects the nervous system and can cause difficulty walking, loss of feeling in the hands and feet, paralysis of the lower legs, mental confusion, speech difficulty, pain, and [[vomiting]]. This condition is rare in the United States. [[Alcohol abuse]] increases the risk of developing beriberi.
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'''Beriberi''' is a [[disease]] of the [[nervous system]] caused by a person not getting enough [[thiamine]] (vitamin B1) in the diet. Thiamine is needed to break down food such as [[glucose]]. It is also found on the [[membrane]]s of [[neuron]]s. Symptoms of beriberi include severe [[lethargy]] and tiredness. Beriberi may also cause problems that affect the [[cardiovascular system]], the nervous system, [[muscle]]s, and [[gastrointestinal system]]s. It is often found in people with a history of drinking too much [[alcohol]]<ref name=bb>{{cite web |url= https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001379/ |title=Beriberi - PubMed Health |first= |last= |work=ncbi.nlm.nih.gov |year=22 July 2010] |accessdate=23 May 2011}}</ref> or who don’t eat healthy.<ref name="wosd">"Beriberi." World of Scientific Discovery. Gale, 2007. Student Resources in Context. Web. 22 Feb. 2016.</ref> There are two kinds of beriberi, wet and dry. Wet beriberi mainly affects the cardiovascular system.<ref name=bb/> Dry beriberi affects the nervous system.<ref name=bb/> There is also a rare type of [[genetics|genetic]] beriberi.<ref name=bb/> This disease is found in Asia. There, some people only eat white rice. This disease can make it hard for a person to do simple things.<ref name="wosd"/> It can also cause muscles to get weaker. A person with beriberi may also have heart problems or even death.<ref name="wosd"/> Most of the time, dry beriberi and wet beriberi take place at the same time in the same person. When this takes place, the victim is likely to only get the symptoms of one beriberi.<ref>"Beriberi." Karen Ericson, RN. The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders, Second Edition. Ed. Brigham Narins. Detroit: Gale, 2012. 2 vols.</ref>
  
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==Symptoms of dry beriberi<ref name=bb/>==
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* Difficulty in walking
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* Loss of feelings in the hands and feet
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* Loss of movement in the legs
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* Mental confusion
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* Difficulty speaking
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* Pain
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* Vomiting
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* Strange eye movements
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* Tingling feelings on the skin
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==Symptoms of wet beriberi<ref name=bb/>==
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* Waking up short of breath
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* Swelling of the legs
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* [[Heart rate]] gets faster
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* Fluid in the lungs
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* The heart gets bigger.
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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[[Category:Diseases]]

Revision as of 04:48, 4 June 2019

Beriberi is a disease of the nervous system caused by a person not getting enough thiamine (vitamin B1) in the diet. Thiamine is needed to break down food such as glucose. It is also found on the membranes of neurons. Symptoms of beriberi include severe lethargy and tiredness. Beriberi may also cause problems that affect the cardiovascular system, the nervous system, muscles, and gastrointestinal systems. It is often found in people with a history of drinking too much alcohol[1] or who don’t eat healthy.[2] There are two kinds of beriberi, wet and dry. Wet beriberi mainly affects the cardiovascular system.[1] Dry beriberi affects the nervous system.[1] There is also a rare type of genetic beriberi.[1] This disease is found in Asia. There, some people only eat white rice. This disease can make it hard for a person to do simple things.[2] It can also cause muscles to get weaker. A person with beriberi may also have heart problems or even death.[2] Most of the time, dry beriberi and wet beriberi take place at the same time in the same person. When this takes place, the victim is likely to only get the symptoms of one beriberi.[3]

Symptoms of dry beriberi[1]

  • Difficulty in walking
  • Loss of feelings in the hands and feet
  • Loss of movement in the legs
  • Mental confusion
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Pain
  • Vomiting
  • Strange eye movements
  • Tingling feelings on the skin

Symptoms of wet beriberi[1]

  • Waking up short of breath
  • Swelling of the legs
  • Heart rate gets faster
  • Fluid in the lungs
  • The heart gets bigger.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Beriberi." World of Scientific Discovery. Gale, 2007. Student Resources in Context. Web. 22 Feb. 2016.
  3. "Beriberi." Karen Ericson, RN. The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders, Second Edition. Ed. Brigham Narins. Detroit: Gale, 2012. 2 vols.