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Tomato

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The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is a botanical fruit (but not a fruit as ordinary people use the word).[1]

It is shiny and smooth. It has many small seeds. It is also very good for health. Most tomatoes are red. The tomato is green when it is unripe. It slowly changes color from green to red as it gets ripe, and as it gets ripe it gets bigger and bigger. There are many different types of tomatoes. Some kinds of tomato are yellow or orange when they are ripe. Tomatoes are used a lot in Italian food. They are also used to make ketchup. Tomatoes are called fruit, because they contain seeds. Tomato seeds are dispersed by being eaten by animals. After being eaten the seeds pass through the animal's digestive system. Although tomatoes are botanically fruits, many people consider them vegetables and treat them as such in cooking.

History

The tomato is native to western South America. Wild versions were small, like cherry tomatoes, and most likely yellow instead of red. The Spanish first showed tomatoes to Europe, where they became used in Spanish and Italian food. The French and northern Europeans wrongly thought that they were poisonous because they are a member of the deadly nightshade family.[1] The leaves and immature fruit contains tomatine, which in large amounts would be toxic. However, the ripe fruit contains no tomatine.

As Food

The tomato is grown and eaten around the world. It is used in many ways, such as raw in salads or in slices, stewed, a part of a wide variety of dishes, or processed into ketchup or tomato soup. Unripe green tomatoes can also be breaded and fried, used to make salsa, or pickled. Tomato juice is sold as a drink, and is used in cocktails such as the Bloody Mary.

Interesting facts about Tomato

Other names: : Yellow Tomato Plum Tomato Cherry Tomato Grape Tomato   Tomato  

  • Are you aware that tomatoes are in the fruit family?
  • Are you aware that tomatoes are considered a vegetable because they are served and prepared like a vegetable? (Botanically a tomato is classified as a fruit but from a culinary standpoint it is commonly prepared in a salad or as part of the meal as most vegetables are, rather than as a dessert as most fruits are served.)
  • Are you aware that tomatoes are classified into three groups? (The three groups are: Cherry, Plum and Slicing Tomatoes.)
Grape tomatoes
Grape tomatoes
  • Are you aware that tomatoes were thought to be poisonous until the nineteenth century?
  • Are you aware that New Jersey ranks 8th in tomato production in the country?
  • Are you aware that a ½ cup of tomatoes contains 40% of the recommended daily value for vitamin C? (Vitamin C is needed by the body to form collagen in bones, cartilage, muscle, and blood vessels, and aids in the absorption of iron.)
  • Are you aware that tomatoes are a good source of Vitamin A? (Vitamin A is important for cell growth and development, for fighting off diseases and for good vision.)
  • Are you aware that tomatoes grow on a plant that is 3-10 feet in height?
  • Are you aware that the tomato plant has a weak, woody stem with smaller branching stems containing leaves 4-10 inches long?
  • Are you aware that most tomatoes are red?
  • Are you aware that some tomatoes are yellow?
Tomato soup
Tomato soup
  • Are you aware that tomatoes are round with a smooth edible skin?
  • Are you aware that a tomato used to be called a Peruvian apple, a love apple and a golden apple?
  • Are you aware that you should not refrigerate tomatoes? (Refrigerating kills the flavor of the tomato.)
  • Are you aware that there are thousands of varieties of tomatoes?
  • Are you aware that there is a tomato called Beefsteak? (It got this name because it doesn’t have the hard greenish-white core and therefore, is solid red and entirely edible, just like a steak is solid red meat.)
  • Are you aware that tomatoes are used to make salsa, ketchup and sauce for pizza and pasta?
Avocado tomato toast - Kenwood Restaurant - Sarah Stierch
Avocado tomato toast - Kenwood Restaurant - Sarah Stierch
  • Are you aware that there are tiny tomatoes, the size of grapes, and they are called “grape tomatoes”? (They are sweet and a great healthy snack.)
  • Are you aware that there is a mini tomato that is round in shape called a “cherry tomato”?
  • Are you aware that the tomato is the state vegetable of New Jersey? (Jersey tomatoes are often said to have the best taste!)

Related pages

References

  1. 1.0 1.1

Other websites

Nutritional information on Tomato

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NB:Carbohydrate, by difference(total carbs-fiber) is also called net carbs

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Join us: This article is a stub. If you are a healthcare professional, you can help improve Tomato or others. We need you.

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edit 

About WikiMD

About us: WikiMD is a free medical encyclopedia and wellnesspedia moderated by medical professionals.

Our mission: Provide up to date physician reviewed health, nutrition and wellness information for free in over 100 languages.

Join us: This article is a stub. If you are a healthcare professional, you can help improve Tomato or others. We need you.

Paid editors: Do not trust amateurs with your life! Join us in this effort!. Paid editors welcome.

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