Rheumatologic diseases

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List of rheumatologic diseases.

Ankylosing Spondylitis What is ankylosing spondylitis? It is arthritis that affects the spine, usually producing redness, heat, swelling, and pain in the spine where it joins the pelvis.


Arthritis What is arthritis? It is joint inflammation and though it is a symptom rather than a diagnosis, the term is often used to refer to any disorder affecting the joints.


Arthritis and Rheumatic Diseases Arthritis is often used to refer to any disorder that affects the joints. Rheumatic diseases usually affect joints, tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles.


Autoimmune Diseases What are autoimmune diseases? These diseases occur when your immune cells attack your body by mistake. These diseases can affect almost any part of the body.


Autoinflammatory Diseases What are autoinflammatory diseases? They cause your immune cells to attack your body by mistake, and can cause fever, rash, joint swelling, and more.


Behçet’s Disease What is Behçet’s disease? It is a chronic condition that causes mouth or genital sores, and inflammation in parts of the eye.


Bursitis What is bursitis? It is a common condition that causes swelling and pain around muscles and bones.


Giant Cell Arteritis What is giant cell arteritis? It causes arteries in the scalp and neck to become red, hot, swollen, or painful. Arteries most affected are those in the temples.


Gout What is gout? It is a kind of arthritis that causes painful and stiff joints. Gout is caused by the build-up of crystals of uric acid in your joints.


Hip Replacement Surgery Hip replacement surgery removes damaged or diseased parts of a hip joint and replaces them with new, man-made parts.


Joint Replacement Surgery Joint replacement surgery removes damaged or diseased parts of a joint and replaces them with new, man-made parts. 


Juvenile Arthritis What is juvenile arthritis? It is the term used to describe arthritis in children. Arthritis is caused by inflammation of the joints.


Knee Problems Knee problems happen when you injure or develop disease in your knee and it can’t do its job.


Lupus Lupus happens when the body’s defense system attacks healthy cells and tissues, instead of viruses and bacteria. This can damage many parts of the body.


Osteoarthritis What is osteoarthritis? It damages the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones, causing bones to rub together, producing pain, swelling, and loss of motion.


Polymyalgia Rheumatica What is polymyalgia rheumatica? It causes muscle pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulder, and hip, and can be accompanied by fever, weakness, and weight loss.


Psoriatic Arthritis What is psoriatic arthritis? It can occur in people who have psoriasis (scaly red and white patches). It affects the joints and areas where tissues attach to bone.


Reactive Arthritis What is reactive arthritis? It is caused by an infection and results in joint pain and swelling. You may also have red, swollen eyes and a swollen urinary tract.


Rheumatoid Arthritis What is rheumatoid arthritis? It is a disease that affects multiple joints, resulting in pain, swelling, and stiffness. Tiredness and fever may also be present.


Scleroderma What is scleroderma? It is a group of diseases causing patches of tight, hard skin. Some forms of scleroderma also damage your blood vessels and internal organs.


Shoulder Problems Most shoulder problems happen when soft tissues in the shoulder region break down. The various causes and symptoms depend on the type of shoulder problem.


Sjögren’s Syndrome What is Sjögren’s syndrome? It is a disease that affects the glands that make moisture. It most often causes dryness in the mouth and eyes.


Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Lupus) What is lupus? It is a disease where the body’s defense system attacks healthy cells and tissues, causing damage to many parts of the body.


Tendinitis What is tendinitis? It is swelling and pain in a joint usually caused by repeated injuries to a tendon, the part of the joint that connects muscles to bones.

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