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Pantothenic acid

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Information about Pantothenic acid

Pantothenic acid (pan" toe then' ik as’ id) is a water soluble vitamin (also known as vitamin B5) that is found in many foods including vegetables, eggs, liver and yeast. Pantothenic acid is a component of coenzyme A and is involved in fatty acid and cholesterol metabolism and synthesis of steroid hormones.

Deficiency of Pantothenic acid

Pantothenic acid deficiency has been produced experimentally and causes gastrointestinal disturbance, muscle cramps, paresthesias, ataxia, depression and hypoglycemia. It may be the cause of burning feet syndrome, experienced by prisoners of war. Pantothenic acid deficiency occurs largely as a component of mixed, severe malnutrition with combined vitamin deficiencies.

RDA intake of Pantothenic acid

The recommended dietary allowance of pantothenic acid has not been formally established, but the dietary reference adequate intake is 5 mg daily in adults.

Dosage and administration for Pantothenic acid

Pantothenic acid is available generically in many over-the-counter forms and is included in most multivitamin preparations, typically in concentrations ranging from 1 to 10 mg.

Side effects of Pantothenic acid

Pantothenic acid supplementation has not been associated with adverse events, ALT elevations or liver injury even when given in high doses.

Sources of Pantothenic acid

pantothenic acid is a nutrient that is needed by the body to make energy from food and to make red blood cells, certain hormones, and the fats found in cell membranes and in tissue surrounding nerves. Pantothenic acid is found in some foods, including meat, fish, eggs, milk products, legumes, whole grains, yeast, and vegetables.


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