Oxaliplatin

From WikiMD

A platinum containing anticancer medication.

Information about Oxaliplatin

Oxaliplatin is an intravenously administered platinum containing alkylating agent which is used for the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer

Liver safety of Oxaliplatin

Oxaliplatin therapy is associated with a low rate of transient serum aminotransferase elevations, but is commonly associated with sinusoidal and vascular injury to the liver which can lead to sinusoidal obstruction syndrome and to nodular regenerative hyperplasia with noncirrhotic portal hypertension.

Mechanism of action of Oxaliplatin

Oxaliplatin (ox al" i pla' tin) is a cisplatin analog with a tetravalent platinum molecule which is referred to as a platinum coordination complex.  Oxaliplatin acts as an alkylating agent causing cross linking between and within DNA strands leading to inhibition of DNA, RNA and protein synthesis and the triggering of programmed cell death, mostly in rapidly dividing cells. 

FDA approval information for Oxaliplatin

Oxaliplatin was approved for use in cancer chemotherapy in the United States in 2002. 

Clinical use of Oxaliplatin

Its current indications are colorectal carcinoma and it is usually administered in combination with other agents such as 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), irinotecan or capecitabine. 

Dosage and administration for Oxaliplatin

Oxaliplatin is available in an aqueous solution for injection in 50, 100 and 200 mg vials in generic forms and under the brand name Eloxatin. 

Side effects of Oxaliplatin

The platinum based antineoplastic agents have similar toxicities, including nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, bone marrow suppression, as well as neuro-, oto- and nephrotoxicity.  They are also mutagenic, teratogenic and carcinogenic, and their use has been associated with an increased risk of secondary leukemias.

The article on Oxaliplatin is a stub. YOU can help Wikimd by expanding it!

Medication resources

Learn more


edit 

About WikiMD

About us: WikiMD is a free medical encyclopedia and wellnesspedia moderated by medical professionals.

Our mission: Provide up to date physician reviewed health, nutrition and wellness information for free in over 100 languages.

Join us: This article is a stub. Help improve Oxaliplatin or others. Do not trust amateurs with your life! Join us in this effort!. Paid editors welcome.

Pubmed.png Uptodate.png Wikipedia Reddit YouTube videos
W8MD weight loss logo

Ad. Tired of being overweight?. W8MD's insurance Weight loss program can HELP*

Quick links: Medicine Portal | Encyclopedia‏‎‏‎ | Gray's Anatomy‏‎ | Topics‏‎ |‏‎ Diseases‏‎ | Drugs | Wellness | Obesity‏‎ | Metabolic syndrome | Weight loss*
Disclaimer: The entire contents of WIKIMD.ORG are for informational purposes only and do not render medical advice or professional services. If you have a medical emergency, you should CALL 911 immediately! Given the nature of the wiki, the information provided may not be accurate, misleading and or incorrect. Use the information on this wiki at your own risk! See full Disclaimer.
Link to this page: <a href="http://www.wikimd.org/wiki/Oxaliplatin">Oxaliplatin</a>

  • Individual results may vary for weight loss from our sponsors.