Nelfinavir can cause transient and usually asymptomatic elevations in serum aminotransferase levels and is a rare cause of clinically apparent, acute liver injury. In HBV or HCV coinfected patients, hepatic injury during antiretroviral therapy that includes nelfinavir may be a result of exacerbation of the underlying chronic hepatitis B or C, rather than a direct effect of the medication.
Nelfinavir (nel fin' a vir) is a nonpeptidic protease inhibitor that acts by binding to the catalytic site of the HIV protease, thereby preventing the cleavage of viral polyprotein precursors into mature, functional proteins that are necessary for viral replication.
Nelfinavir was approved for use in the United States in 1997 for the therapy of HIV infection in both adults and children. Nelfinavir is available in tablets of 250 and 625 mg and as an oral suspension powder under the brand name Viracept.
The recommended dosage of nelfinavir for adults is 1250 mg twice or 750 mg three times daily.
Drugs for HIV Infection, in the Subclass Antiretroviral Agents
- Nonnucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (HIV)
- Nucleoside Analogues (HIV)
- Protease Inhibitors (HIV)
HCV NS5A Inhibitors
HCV NS5B (Polymerase) Inhibitors
- Asunaprevir, Boceprevir, Glecaprevir, Grazoprevir, Paritaprevir, Simeprevir, Telaprevir, Voxilaprevir
Drugs for Herpes Virus Infections (HSV, CMV, others)
Drugs for Influenza