Medical terminology

From WikiMD

Common medical terminology

  • Derma, dermo, dermato – Skin

Latin words meaning

  • Bi – Two
  • Ab – Away from
  • Ad – Toward
  • Ecto also called exo – Outside

Structure: Getting to the Ends

Here are some examples of common medical terminology with suffixes:

  • -emia - Blood terms end in
  • -pnea - Breathing terms end with

When you understand where common medical terminology stems from, it’s far easier to know where or what a term refers to.

Basic Medical Terminology List

  • Anatomy: Parts of the body and its general structure.
  • Gynecology: Study and treatment of the female urinary tract and reproductive organs.
  • Hematology: Treatment of blood diseases and malignancies.
  • Neonatal: Special care for newborn babies with high dependency needs.
  • Neurology: Related to the disorders of the brain, spinal cord, or general nervous system.
  • Oncology: Chemotherapy treatments for cancer.
  • Pathology: The names for disorders and diseases.
  • Psychiatry: The study and treatment of mental disorders.
  • Rheumatology: Related to musculoskeletal disorders (bones, joints, muscles, etc.).
  • Surgery: Physical operative procedures.
  • Urology: Related to problems with the bladder and kidneys.

Key Parts of The Body

  • Abatement: A reduction in severity of symptoms.
  • Abiotic: Not related to living organisms.
  • Abortive: Cutting short the course of a disease.
  • Abrasion: Friction wearing away of the top layer of skin.
  • Abruption: A sudden breaking away or breaking off.
  • Accessory: Extra or supplementary to the main element.
  • Analgesia: Loss of pain where pain would normally be evident without loss of consciousness.
  • Benign: An abnormal growth that is not life-threatening.
  • Cavity: Hollow space in the body containing one organ or more.
  • Compression: To apply pressure to stop bleeding or prevent further injury.
  • Etiology: The cause of a certain condition.
  • Iatrogenic: A condition that appears as a result of treatment of another condition.
  • Referred pain: Pain that is felt in another area to the original source of this pain.
  • Reflux: Going in a backward direction.
  • Remission: Disappearance of signs of disease.
  • Stimulus: Elicits a physiological response.
  • Syndrome: A set of symptoms that indicate towards a certain condition, disease or abnormality.

A - Z medical terminology

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  • Abrasion - noun erosion by friction  an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off  the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
  • Acholia - noun a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
  • Active placebo - noun a placebo used in experimental tests of a drug that has noticeable side effects
  • Acute - adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course  of critical importance and consequence  extremely sharp or intense  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions  of an angle; less than 90 degrees  ending in a sharp point  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • Adherence - noun faithful support for a religion or cause or political party  the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • Adhesion - noun a fibrous band of scar tissue that binds together normally separate anatomical structures  abnormal union of bodily tissues; most common in the abdomen  faithful support for a religion or cause or political party  the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • Agenesis - noun imperfect development; nondevelopment of a part
  • Agnosia - noun inability to recognize objects by use of the senses
  • Agonist - noun (biochemistry) a drug that can combine with a receptor on a cell to produce a physiological reaction  a muscle that contracts while another relaxes  someone involved in a contest or battle (as in an agon)  the principal character in a work of fiction
  • Ambulatory - adj. relating to or adapted for walking  able to walk about  noun a covered walkway (as in a cloister)
  • Aplasia - noun failure of some tissue or organ to develop
  • Asymptomatic - adj. having no symptoms of illness or disease
  • Asynergy - noun absence of coordination of organs or body parts that usually work together harmoniously
  • Atony - noun lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
  • Atresia - noun an abnormal condition in which a normal opening or tube in the body (as the urethra) is closed or absent
  • Auditory agnosia - noun inability to recognize or understand the meaning of spoken words
  • Aura - noun an indication of radiant light drawn around the head of a saint  a sensation (as of a cold breeze or bright light) that precedes the onset of certain disorders such as a migraine attack or epileptic seizure  a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing
  • symptom - noun anything that accompanies X and is regarded as an indication of X's existence  (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
  • Azygos - adj. occurring singly; not one of a pair
  • Baseline - noun the lines a baseball player must follow while running the bases  an imaginary line or standard by which things are measured or compared  the back line bounding each end of a tennis or handball court; when serving the server must not step over this line
  • Benignity - noun the quality of being kind and gentle  a kind act
  • Bleb - noun (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid
  • Bogart - noun United States film actor (1899-1957)
  • Calculus - noun the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions  a hard lump produced by the concretion of mineral salts; found in hollow organs or ducts of the body  an incrustation that forms on the teeth and gums
  • Complication - noun the act or process of complicating  a development that complicates a situation  a situation or condition that is complex or confused  any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease  puzzling complexity
  • Contraindication - noun (medicine) a reason that makes it inadvisable to prescribe a particular drug or employ a particular procedure or treatment
  • Convulsion - noun a physical disturbance such as an earthquake or upheaval  a violent disturbance  violent uncontrollable contractions of muscles  a sudden uncontrollable attack
  • Course - adv. as might be expected  noun a mode of action education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings  facility consisting of a circumscribed area of land or water laid out for a sport  (construction) a layer of masonry  part of a meal served at one time  a connected series of events or actions or developments general line of orientation  a line or route along which something travels or moves  verb hunt with hounds  move swiftly through or over  move along, of liquids
  • Cure - noun a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain  verb prepare by drying, salting, or chemical processing in order to preserve  be or become preserved  make (substances) hard and improve their usability  provide a cure for, make healthy again
  • Debility - noun the state of being weak in health or body (especially from old age)
  • Deficiency - noun lack of an adequate quantity or number  the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  • Degeneration - noun passing from a more complex to a simpler biological form  the process of declining from a higher to a lower level of effective power or vitality or essential quality  the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities
  • Depression - noun pushing down  sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy  angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object)  a concavity in a surface produced by pressing  a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity  a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment  a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment  a sunken or depressed geological formation  a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention  an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • Diagnosis - noun identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • Diastasis - noun separation of an epiphysis from the long bone to which it is normally attached without fracture of the bone
  • Diathesis - noun constitutional predisposition to a particular disease or abnormality
  • Differential diagnosis - noun a systematic method of diagnosing a disorder (e.g., headache) that lacks unique symptoms or signs
  • Disease - noun an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • Distress - noun the seizure and holding of property as security for payment of a debt or satisfaction of a claim  psychological suffering extreme physical pain  a state of adversity (danger or affliction or need)  verb cause mental pain to
  • Diverticulum - noun a herniation through the muscular wall of a tubular organ (especially the colon)
  • Dyscrasia - noun an abnormal or physiologically unbalanced state of the body
  • Dystrophy - noun any degenerative disorder resulting from inadequate or faulty nutrition  any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
  • Efficacy - noun capacity or power to produce a desired effect
  • Empyema - noun a collection of pus in a body cavity (especially in the lung cavity)
  • Epiphenomenon - noun a secondary phenomenon that is a by-product of another phenomenon
  • Exacerbation - noun violent and bitter exasperation  action that makes a problem or a disease (or its symptoms) worse
  • Excavation - noun the act of digging  a hole in the ground made by excavating  the act of extracting ores or coal etc from the earth  the site of an archeological exploration
  • Extravasation - noun the process of exuding or passing out of a vessel into surrounding tissues; said of blood or lymph or urine  an extravasated liquid (blood or lymph or urine); the product of extravasation  (of volcanos) pouring out fumes of lava (or a deposit so formed)
  • Extravasation - noun the process of exuding or passing out of a vessel into surrounding tissues; said of blood or lymph or urine  an extravasated liquid (blood or lymph or urine); the product of extravasation  (of volcanos) pouring out fumes of lava (or a deposit so formed)
  • Family history - noun part of a patient's medical history in which questions are asked in an attempt to find out whether the patient has hereditary tendencies toward particular diseases
  • Fibrosis - noun development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
  • Fistula - noun an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface  a chronic inflammation of the withers of a horse
  • Fomite - noun any inanimate object (as a towel or money or clothing or dishes or books or toys etc.) that can transmit infectious agents from one person to another
  • Functional disorder - noun disorder showing symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
  • Hypoplasia - noun underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells
  • Ictal - adj. of or relating to a seizure or convulsion
  • Idiosyncrasy - noun a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
  • Indication - noun something (as a course of action) that is indicated as expedient or necessary  something that serves to indicate or suggest  (medicine) a reason to prescribe a drug or perform a procedure  the act of indicating or pointing out by name  a datum about some physical state that is presented to a user by a meter or similar instrument
  • Infiltration - noun a process in which individuals (or small groups) penetrate an area (especially the military penetration of enemy positions without detection)  the slow passage of a liquid through a filtering medium
  • Insufflation - noun an act of blowing or breathing on or into something  (medicine) blowing air or medicated powder into the lungs (or into some other body cavity)
  • Insult - noun a deliberately offensive act or something producing the effect of deliberate disrespect  a rude expression intended to offend or hurt  verb treat, mention, or speak to rudely
  • Involution - noun the action of enfolding something  a long and intricate and complicated grammatical construction  reduction in size of an organ or part (as in the return of the uterus to normal size after childbirth)  the process of raising a quantity to some assigned power  the act of sharing in the activities of a group  marked by elaborately complex detail
  • Malacia - noun a state of abnormal softening of tissue
  • Malignancy - noun (medicine) a malignant state; progressive and resistant to treatment and tending to cause death  quality of being disposed to evil; intense ill will
  • Medical history - noun the case history of a medical patient as recalled by the patient
  • Neuron - noun a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
  • Nosology - noun the branch of medical science dealing with the classification of disease
  • Palsy - noun a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor  loss of the ability to move a body part  verb affect with palsy
  • Paresis - noun a slight or partial paralysis
  • Patient - adj. enduring without protest or complaint  enduring trying circumstances with even temper or characterized by such endurance  noun a person who requires medical care  the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • Periodic breathing - noun abnormal respiration in which periods of shallow and deep breathing alternate
  • Prandial - adj. of or relating to a meal
  • Presentation - noun a show or display; the act of presenting something to sight or view  the activity of formally presenting something (as a prize or reward)  (obstetrics) position of the fetus in the uterus relative to the birth canal  the act of making something publicly available; presenting news or other information by broadcasting or printing it  the act of presenting a proposal  formally making a person known to another or to the public  a visual representation of something
  • Prognosis - noun a prediction of the course of a disease  a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
  • Pus - noun a fluid product of inflammation  the tenth month of the Hindu calendar
  • Quality of life - noun your personal satisfaction (or dissatisfaction) with the cultural or intellectual conditions under which you live (as distinct from material comfort)
  • Risk of infection - noun the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred
  • Sclerosis - noun any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
  • Screening - noun testing objects or persons in order to identify those with particular characteristics  fabric of metal or plastic mesh the display of a motion picture  the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it
  • Sequela - noun any abnormality following or resulting from a disease or injury or treatment
  • Sequence - noun film consisting of a succession of related shots that develop a given subject in a movie  a following of one thing after another in time  several repetitions of a melodic phrase in different keys  serial arrangement in which things follow in logical order or a recurrent pattern  the action of following in order  verb arrange in a sequence  determine the order of constituents in
  • Sopor - noun a torpid state resembling deep sleep
  • sleep - noun a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended  a torpid state resembling deep sleep  a period of time spent sleeping  euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb)  verbbe asleep  be able to accommodate for sleeping
  • Spinnbarkeit - noun the capacity of a viscous liquid (especially the cervical mucus) to be drawn out into a strand or blown up into a bubble
  • Stenosis - noun abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
  • Subluxation - noun partial displacement of a joint or organ
  • Symptom - noun anything that accompanies X and is regarded as an indication of X's existence  (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
  • Syndrome - noun a complex of concurrent things  a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
  • Tardive - adj. late-occurring (especially with reference to symptoms of a disease)
  • Vasomotor - adj. relating to the nerves and muscles that cause the blood vessels to constrict or dilate
  • Vegetation - noun inactivity that is passive and monotonous, comparable to the inactivity of plant life  an abnormal growth or excrescence (especially a warty excrescence on the valves of the heart)  all the plant life in a particular region or period  the process of growth in plants
  • Zebra - noun any of several fleet black-and-white striped African equines

Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

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