Lavender

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Other names

English lavender, common lavender, French lavender

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Lavender field

Latin Names: Lavandula angustifolia

Synonyms

  • Stoechas Mill.
  • Fabricia Adans.
  • Styphonia Medik.
  • Chaetostachys Benth.
  • Sabaudia Buscal. & Muschl.
  • Plectranthus mona lavender
  • Isinia Rech.f.

Information about Lavender

Lavender, also called English Lavender, is an aromatic oil extracted from the flowers or leaves of the popular garden flower, Lavandula angustifolia.  Extracts, oils and teas made from lavender are used for its soothing qualities as a sedative, mild analgesic and sleep medication. 

Liver safety of Lavender

Lavender has not been implicated in causing serum enzyme elevations or clinically apparent liver injury.

Mechanism of action of Lavender

Lavender (lav' end der) generally describes the aromatic oil extract from the flowers and leaves of lavender plants (Lavandula angustifolia, formerly L. officinalis). 

Lavender oil
Lavender oil

Ornamental plant

English lavender is a popular ornamental plant, known for is aroma, distinctive color and ease of cultivation.  The extracts contain volatile oils, consisting chiefly of monoterpenes, linalool and linalyl acetate and carohyllene epoxide. 

Health benefits

Lavender has multiple biologic effects in vitro and in vivo, including antiinflammatory, antilipidemic, antimicrobial, antineoplastic, analgesic and sedative effects. 

Herbal medicine

In humans, lavender has been claimed to induce relaxation and sedation and has been used to treat nervousness and insomnia.  It also may have analgesic effects and is used in circulatory disorders, dyspepsia and depression as well as for hair loss

Use in aromatherapy

Lavender oils are commonly used in aromatherapy and are found in many skin lotions, creams, soaps and cosmetics. 

Use in herbal tea

Lavender can also be taken as an herbal tea, inhaled or applied topically.  When taken orally, it is usually diluted as a tincture with alcohol. 

Use in many creams

Lavender has not been approved for use in any medical condition in the United States, but it is found in hundreds of herbal creams, lotions, bath oils and aromatic inhalants. 

Side effects of Lavender

Side effects are rare, but may include headache, constipation, dyspepsia and eructation.

Evidence

Many studies [1] have investigated lavender’s effectiveness for a number of conditions, such as pain, anxiety, stress, [2], and overall well-being, but several were small and of poor quality.

  • There is little scientific evidence of lavender’s effectiveness for most health uses.
  • Results of a 1998 study suggested that massaging the scalp with a combination of lavender oil and oils from other herbs may help with hair loss from a condition called alopecia areata.

Safety

  • Topical use of diluted lavender oil is generally considered safe for most adults, but reports suggest it can cause skin irritation.
  • There’s not enough evidence to determine its safety when inhaled as aromatherapy.
  • Some evidence suggests that some topical applications containing lavender oil may affect sex hormone activity.
  • Lavender oil may be poisonous if taken by mouth.
  • Lavender extracts may cause stomach upset, joint pain, or headache.


Herbal and dietary supplements

Chinese and Other Asian Herbal Medicines

Multi-Ingredient Nutritional Supplements

See also Nutritional supplements

External links

References

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