Hyoscyamine

From WikiMD
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Information about Hyoscyamine

Hyoscyamine as a natural plant alkaloid derivative and anticholinergic that is used to treat mild to moderate nausea, motion sickness, hyperactive bladder and allergic rhinitis.

Liver safety of Hyoscyamine

Hyoscyamine has not been implicated in causing liver enzyme elevations or clinically apparent acute liver injury.

Mechanism of action of Hyoscyamine

Hyoscyamine (hye" oh sye' a meen) is a derivative of natural alkaloid found in plants of the Solanacea family such as henbane (Hyoscyamus niger, for which it is named), jimson weed (Datura stramonium), tomatoes (Soanum lycopersicum) and deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna). Hyoscyamine is the levorotary isomer of atropine and has potent anticholinergic, antimuscarinic activity. It has been used for decades as an antiemetic, antisecretory and antispasmotic agent in the treatment of nausea, motion sickness, allergic rhinitis, gastrointestinal spasm and hypermotility, functional bowel syndrome and hyperactive bladder.

FDA approval information for Hyoscyamine

Despite having been used in clinical medicine for decades, hyoscyamine has not been formally approved for many of its common uses in the United States.

Dosage and administration for Hyoscyamine

Hyoscyamine is available as tablets, capsules, liquids, elixirs, powders, and solutions for injection in both prescription and over-the-counter forms.

Brand name for Hyoscyamine

Common brand names for products that include hyoscyamine are Belladonna Alkaloids, Donnatal, Hyomax, Urogesic, and Cyclospaz.

Dosage and administration for Hyoscyamine

The recommended adult oral dose varies, but is generally 0.125 to 0.25 mg two to four times daily.

Side effects of Hyoscyamine

Common side effects are those of parasympathetic stimulation and include dryness of the mouth and eyes, decreased sweating, headache, visual blurring, constipation, urinary retention, impotence, tachycardia and palpitations, anxiety, restlessness and in some instances agitation and hallucinations. anticholinergic agents can precipitate acute narrow angle glaucoma and acute urinary retention.


Urologic agents

Cost and Coupons - Hyoscyamine

Reviews for Hyoscyamine

This article is a stub. YOU can help Wikimd by expanding it!

Articles on Hyoscyamine

Wikipedia

Learn more about Hyoscyamine

Help WikiMD

Find something you can improve? Join WikiMD as an an editor and help improve this page or others.

Apple bitten.svg

WikiMD is a free medical encyclopedia and wellnesspedia moderated by medical professionals.

W8MD weight loss logo

Ad. Tired of being overweight?. W8MD's insurance Weight loss program can HELP*

Weight loss tips | Lose weight King of Prussia, PA | W8MD's medical weight loss | Lose weight New York City | Lose weight Philadelphia | Lose weight NYC | Weight loss Brooklyn NY | Advertise

Quick links: Medicine Portal | Encyclopedia‏‎‏‎ | Gray's Anatomy‏‎ | Topics‏‎ |‏‎ Diseases‏‎ | Drugs | Wellness | Obesity‏‎ | Metabolic syndrome | Weight loss*
Disclaimer: The entire contents of WIKIMD.ORG are for informational purposes only and do not render medical advice or professional services. If you have a medical emergency, you should CALL 911 immediately! Given the nature of the wiki, the information provided may not be accurate, misleading and or incorrect. Use the information on this wiki at your own risk! See full Disclaimer.
Link to this page: <a href="http://www.wikimd.org/wiki/Hyoscyamine">Hyoscyamine</a>

  • Individual results may vary for weight loss from our sponsors.