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Information about Hops

Hop is an important agricultural plant that has been used to flavor beer for centuries and has been claimed to have sedative properties and to be useful for treatment of anxiety and insomnia. 

Liver safety of Hops

Hops have not been implicated in causing serum enzyme elevations or clinically apparent liver injury.

Mechanism of action of Hops

Hop (Humulus lupulus) is a perennial plant that is used largely as a flavoring in the production of beer.  The hop plant is cultivated as a vine that grows around a physical support and produces shoots, heart shaped dark green leaves, fresh cones and flowers that are borne on lateral branches.  The cones and flowers are used to prepare hops which have a distinctive bitter taste, attributed to lupulin, an aromatic acid.  Other components of hops include several flavonoids, phenolic acid, volatile oils, tannins and resins.  Besides its wide use as a flavoring agent for food and beer, hops is used as an ingredient in many creams and lotions. 

What it is used for?

Extracts of hops have been used in oral herbal medications predominantly as a sedative for anxiety, tension and difficulty sleeping.  While widely used, it has not been proven to be effective either as a sedative or hypnotic.  Hops is found in multiple over-the-counter herbal mixtures in combination with other agents such as chamomile, passion flower and valerian, used as sleeping aids or mild sedatives. 

Side effects of Hops

Side effects are few, but may include drowsiness, dizziness and hypersensitivity reactions

Herbal and dietary supplements

Chinese and Other Asian Herbal Medicines

Multi-Ingredient Nutritional Supplements

See also Nutritional supplements

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