Fennel

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Fennel flower
Fennel flower

Fennel seeds are ground and used as a spice or as an ingredient of a spice mixture;  Fennel can also refer to the fennel leaves used for seasoning which are aromatic bulbous stem base eaten cooked or raw in salads; It can refer to any of several aromatic herbs having edible seeds and leaves and stems.

Interesting facts about Fennel

  • Are you aware that fennel tastes similar to licorice candy?
  • Are you aware that fennel is sometimes called “sweet anise”?
  • Are you aware that fennel originated in the Mediterranean?
  • Are you aware that fennel looks similar to celery, but has a white or pale green bulb and stalks topped with feathery green leaves?
  • Are you aware that fennel is related to parsley, carrots and dill?
Fennel seeds
Fennel seeds
  • Are you aware that fennel is a root vegetable and the bulb grows underground?
  • Are you aware that the name fennel originates from the Greek word for “marathon”? (The Greeks fought the famous battle at Marathon in 490 B.C. against the Persians on a field of fennel and for this reason it was given the name marathon.)
  • Are you aware that the ancient Greeks prized fennel as a medicine?
  • Are you aware that fennel is often called Florence fennel or among the Italians “finocchio” (pronounced “finook”)?
  • Are you aware that flowers grow near the top of the feathery green leaves of fennel and these produce fennel seeds?
  • Are you aware that fennel seeds are a common ingredient in Italian sausages and meatballs and European rye breads?
  • Are you aware that the Italians often serve fennel at the end of the meal as it is believed to help in the digestion of food?
Fennel seeds and rock sugar, Indian aftermink
Fennel seeds and rock sugar, Indian aftermint
  • Are you aware that fennel can be eaten raw and is crunchy?
  • Are you aware that the bulb of the fennel can also be braised, grilled, stir-fried or cooked and added to stew or soup?
  • Are you aware that the feathery tops of fennel are used as an herb?
  • Are you aware that fennel is low in calories? (One cup contains 25 calories.)
  • Are you aware that fennel is a good source of vitamin C, potassium and fiber? (Vitamin C is needed by the body to form collagen in bones, cartilage, muscle, and blood vessels, and aids in the absorption of iron. Potassium balances the fluids in your body, is important for normal blood pressure, muscle growth and the functioning of the brain and nervous system. Fiber is important for healthy digestion.)

Nutritional information on Fennel

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NB:Carbohydrate, by difference(total carbs-fiber) is also called net carbs

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