Dictionary of emergency medicine

From WikiMD

  • a gradient
  • aaa   noun an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta associated with old age and hypertension
  • aaa abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • abbreviations
  • abbreviations ix
  • abcde
  • abcde sequence of care
  • abdomen   noun the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis;  the cavity containing the major viscera; in mammals it is separated from the thorax by the diaphragm
  • abdominal   adj. of or relating to or near the abdomen;  noun the muscles of the abdomen
  • abdominal aortic
  • abdominal aortic aneurysm   noun an aneurysm of the abdominal aorta associated with old age and hypertension
  • abdominal injury
  • abdominal mass
  • abdominal pain
  • abdominal pain relating to disorders
  • abdominal see abdomen
  • abdominal thrusts see heimlich
  • abdominal trauma
  • abg
  • abg arterial blood gas
  • able   adj. (usually followed by `to') having the necessary means or skill or know how or authority to do something;  having inherent physical or mental ability or capacity;  have the skills and qualifications to do things well;  having a strong healthy body
  • abnormal   adj. much greater than the normal;  not normal; not typical or usual or regular or conforming to a norm;  departing from the normal in e.g. intelligence and development
  • abnormal see hypertension
  • abnormality   noun behavior that breaches the rule or etiquette or custom or morality;  marked strangeness as a consequence of being abnormal;  retardation sufficient to fall outside the normal range of intelligence;  an abnormal condition
  • abortion   noun termination of pregnancy;  failure of a plan
  • abrasion   noun erosion by friction;  an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off;  the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
  • abruptio
  • abruption   noun an instance of sudden interruption
  • abscess   noun symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
  • absorption   noun (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid;  (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium;  the mental state of being preoccupied by something; complete attention; intense mental effort;  the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion;  the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
  • abuse   noun a rude expression intended to offend or hurt;  cruel or inhumane treatment;  improper or excessive use;  verb use wrongly or improperly or excessively;  use foul or abusive language towards; change the inherent purpose or function of something;  treat badly
  • abuse by see children
  • ac   noun an electric current that reverses direction sinusoidally;  a radioactive element of the actinide series; found in uranium ores
  • ac alternating current
  • acalculous
  • acalculous cholecystitis
  • acanthamoeba
  • accelerated   adj. caused to go more rapidly;  speeded up, as of an academic course
  • accelerated idioventricular rhythm
  • access   noun the act of approaching or entering;  a way of entering or leaving;  (computer science) the operation of reading or writing stored information;  the right to obtain or make use of or take advantage of something (as services or membership);  a code (a series of characters or digits) that must be entered in some way (typed or dialed or spoken) to get the use of something (a telephone line or a computer or a local area network etc.);  the right to enter; verb reach or gain access to;  obtain or retrieve from a storage device; as of information on a computer
  • accident   noun anything that happens by chance without an apparent cause;  a mishap; especially one causing injury or death
  • accidents
  • ace   adj. of the highest quality;  noun a serve that the receiver is unable to reach;  one of four playing cards in a deck having a single pip on its face;  someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field;  a major strategic headquarters of NATO; safeguards an area extending from Norway to Turkey;  verb serve an ace against (someone);  play (a hole) in one stroke;  score an ace against; succeed at easily
  • ace angiotensin converting enzyme
  • ace inhibitor   noun antihypertensive drug that blocks the formation of angiotensin in the kidney, leading to relaxation of the arteries; promotes the excretion of salt and water by inhibiting the activity of the angiotensin converting enzyme; also used to treat congestive heart failure
  • acellular   adj. not made up of or divided into cells
  • acetabular   adj. of the cup shaped socket that receives the head of the thigh bone
  • acetaminophen   noun an analgesic for mild pain; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)
  • acetaminophen poisoning
  • acetaminophen see
  • acetylcysteine
  • achilles   noun a mythical Greek hero of the Iliad; a foremost Greek warrior at the siege of Troy; when he was a baby his mother tried to make him immortal by bathing him in a magical river but the heel by which she held him remained vulnerable his `Achilles' heel'
  • achilles tendinopathy
  • achilles tendon rupture
  • acid   adj. having the characteristics of an acid;  harsh or corrosive in tone;  being sour to the taste;  noun street name for lysergic acid diethylamide;  any of various water soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
  • acid base
  • acid base nomogram
  • acid burns
  • acidosis   noun abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • acl
  • acls
  • acls guidelines
  • acquired   adj. gotten through environmental forces
  • acquired angioedema
  • acquired methemoglobinemia
  • acral lentiginous melanoma
  • acromio clavicular joint
  • acromioclavicular
  • acromioclavicular joint injury
  • acs acute coronary syndromes
  • act   noun something that people do or cause to happen;  a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body;  a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program;  a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet;  a manifestation of insincerity;  verb behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;  pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind;  discharge one's duties;  play a role or part;  perform on a stage or theater;  perform an action, or work out or perform (an action);  be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure;  be suitable for theatrical performance;  behave unnaturally or affectedly;  have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected
  • acth   noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • acth adrenocorticotrophic hormone
  • actinic   adj. relating to or exhibiting actinism
  • actinic keratosis   noun an overgrowth of skin layers resulting from extended exposure to the sun
  • action   noun something done (usually as opposed to something said);  the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field;  an act by a government body or supranational organization;  the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism;  the trait of being active and energetic and forceful;  the series of events that form a plot;  the state of being active;  a military engagement;  a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong;  a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); verb institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against;  put in effect
  • activated   adj. set up and placed on active assignment;  rendered active; e.g. rendered radioactive or luminescent or photosensitive or conductive;  (of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive;  (of sewage) treated with aeration and bacteria to aid decomposition
  • activated charcoal   noun powdered or granular carbon used for purifying by adsorption; given orally (as a slurry) it is an antidote for some kinds of poisons
  • activated partial
  • activation   noun making active and effective (as a bomb); stimulation of activity in an organism or chemical;  the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • activator   noun (biology) any agency bringing about activation; a molecule that increases the activity of an enzyme or a protein that increases the production of a gene product in DNA transcription
  • activators
  • active   adj. characterized by energetic activity;  engaged in full time work;  full of activity or engaged in continuous activity;  tending to become more severe or wider in scope;  disposed to take action or effectuate change;  (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt;  (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting;  expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water');  expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favors active constructions";  exerting influence or producing a change or effect;  of the sun; characterized by a high level activity in sunspots and flares and radio emissions;  in operation;  taking part in an activity;  engaged in or ready for military or naval operations;  noun a person devoted to the active life;  the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb;  chemical agent capable of activity
  • activity   noun any specific behavior;  (chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction;  the trait of being active; moving or acting rapidly and energetically;  an organic process that takes place in the body;  a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings);  the state of being active
  • acuity   noun sharpness of vision; the visual ability to resolve fine detail (usually measured by a Snellen chart);  a quick and penetrating intelligence
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • acute abdomen see abdomen
  • acute abdominal pain
  • acute alcohol intoxication
  • acute calculous
  • acute calculous cholecystitis
  • acute cerebellar
  • acute chest syndrome
  • acute coronary syndrome
  • acute decompensated heart failure
  • acute focal
  • acute infectious enteritis
  • acute kidney injury
  • acute lymphocytic leukemia   noun acute leukemia characterized by proliferation of immature lymphoblast like cells in bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, and blood; most common in children
  • acute mastoiditis with
  • acute myelogenous leukemia
  • acute poisoning
  • acute radiation syndrome
  • acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • acute symmetric
  • acute urinary retention
  • acute vaso occlusive crisis
  • acyanotic
  • adder   noun small terrestrial viper common in northern Eurasia;  a machine that adds numbers;  a person who adds numbers
  • addiction   noun (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master;  an abnormally strong craving; being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • addisonian
  • addisonian crisis
  • adenitis   noun inflammation of a gland or lymph node
  • adenopathy   noun a glandular disease or enlargement of glandular tissue (especially of the lymph glands)
  • adenosine   noun (biochemistry) a nucleoside that is a structural component of nucleic acids; it is present in all living cells in a combined form as a constituent of DNA and RNA and ADP and ATP and AMP
  • adh   noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • adhesive   adj. tending to adhere;  noun a substance that unites or bonds surfaces together
  • adhesive capsulitis
  • adhf
  • adjuncts
  • administration   noun the act of administering medication;  a method of tending to (especially business) matters;  the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something;  the tenure of a president
  • administration and therapeutic
  • admission   noun the act of admitting someone to enter;  an acknowledgment of the truth of something;  the fee charged for admission
  • adrenal   adj. of or pertaining to the adrenal glands or their secretions;  near the kidneys;  noun either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
  • adrenal dysgenesis
  • adrenal insufficiency
  • adrenal insufficiency and
  • adrenaline   noun a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • adrenoceptor
  • adrenoceptor blockers see betablockers
  • adrenocorticotrophic   adj. stimulating or acting on the adrenal cortex
  • adrenocorticotropic   adj. stimulating or acting on the adrenal cortex
  • adrenocorticotropic hormone   noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • adsorbed   adj. accumulated on a surface of a solid
  • adt
  • adt adsorbed diphtheria and tetanus toxoid
  • adult   adj. (of animals) fully developed;  noun any mature animal;  a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • adult intestinal toxemia
  • adult intestinal toxemia botulism
  • adult respiratory distress syndrome   noun acute lung injury characterized by coughing and rales; inflammation of the lungs which become stiff and fibrous and cannot exchange oxygen; occurs among persons exposed to irritants such as corrosive chemical vapors or ammonia or chlorine etc.
  • advanced   adj. (of societies) highly developed especially in technology or industry;  far along in time;  comparatively late in a course of development;  ahead in development; complex or intricate; at a higher level in training or knowledge or skill;  farther along in physical or mental development;  ahead of the times;  situated ahead or going before
  • advanced cardiac life support
  • advanced trauma life
  • adverse   adj. in an opposing direction;  contrary to your interests or welfare
  • adversely   adv. in an adverse manner
  • advice   noun a proposal for an appropriate course of action
  • aed
  • aed automatic external defibrillator
  • aeromonas
  • aeromonas hydrophila
  • af
  • af atrial fibrillation
  • affect   noun the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion; verb act physically on; have an effect upon;  have an effect upon; have an emotional or cognitive impact upon;  make believe with the intent to deceive;  connect closely and often incriminatingly
  • affecting   adj. arousing affect
  • afferent   adj. of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying sensory information from the sense organs to the CNS;  noun a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system
  • after   adj. located farther aft;  adv. behind or in the rear;  happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • after deliberate self
  • after traumatic amputation
  • against
  • age   noun how long something has existed;  a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises;  a late time of life;  a prolonged period of time;  an era of history having some distinctive feature;  verb begin to seem older; get older;  make older;  grow old or older
  • age variable
  • agent   noun an active and efficient cause; capable of producing a certain effect;  a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission;  a representative who acts on behalf of other persons or organizations;  any agent or representative of a federal agency or bureau;  a substance that exerts some force or effect;  the semantic role of the animate entity that instigates or causes the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • agents
  • agents adversely
  • agents affecting
  • aggregation   noun the act of gathering something together;  several things grouped together or considered as a whole
  • aggression   noun violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked;  deliberately unfriendly behavior;  the act of initiating hostilities;  a disposition to behave aggressively;  a feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack
  • aggressive   adj. having or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends;  characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight;  tending to spread quickly
  • agitation   noun the act of agitating something; causing it to move around (usually vigorously);  disturbance usually in protest;  the feeling of being agitated; not calm;  a state of agitation or turbulent change or development;  a mental state of extreme emotional disturbance
  • aid   noun the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose;  a resource;  a gift of money to support a worthy person or cause;  the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something;  verb improve the condition of;  give help or assistance; be of service
  • aids   noun a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • aids acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • aids defining
  • aie
  • ail   noun aromatic bulb used as seasoning;  verb be unwell, ill, or ill disposed;  cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
  • aion
  • aion anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy
  • air   adj. relating to or characteristic of or occurring in the air;  noun a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing; medium for radio and television broadcasting;  the region above the ground;  a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of;  once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles);  travel via aircraft;  a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;  the mass of air surrounding the Earth;  a slight wind (usually refreshing); verb expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry;  broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television;  be broadcast;  expose to cool or cold air so as to cool or freshen;  make public;  expose to fresh air
  • aircraft   noun a vehicle that can fly
  • airway   noun a commercial enterprise that provides scheduled flights for passengers;  a duct that provides ventilation (as in mines); the passages through which air enters and leaves the body;  a designated route followed by airplanes in flying from one airport to another
  • airway adjuncts
  • airway management
  • airways
  • aivr
  • aki
  • alanine   noun a crystalline amino acid that occurs in many proteins
  • alba
  • albright
  • albright syndrome
  • albumin   noun a simple water soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids
  • alcohol   noun a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent;  any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • alcohol induced
  • alcohol intoxication and exclusion
  • alcohol poisoning
  • alcohol related
  • alcohol related brain
  • alcohol toxidrome
  • alcohol withdrawal
  • alcohol withdrawal seizures
  • algorithm   noun a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
  • algorithms
  • alkali   noun a mixture of soluble salts found in arid soils and some bodies of water; detrimental to agriculture;  any of various water soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water
  • alkaline   adj. relating to or containing an alkali; having a pH greater than 7
  • alkalinization
  • alkalis
  • alkalis burn
  • alkaloids
  • alkalosis   noun abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • all   adj. completely given to or absorbed by;  quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class;  adv. to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly')
  • allergic   adj. having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor);  characterized by or caused by allergy
  • allergic contact dermatitis
  • allergies
  • allograft   noun tissue or organ transplanted from a donor of the same species but different genetic makeup; recipient's immune system must be suppressed to prevent rejection of the graft
  • allograft vasculopathy
  • alp   noun any high mountain
  • alp alkaline phosphatase
  • als   noun thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord; results in progressive muscle atrophy that starts in the limbs
  • als advanced life support
  • also   adv. in addition
  • alt   noun angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
  • alt alanine aminotransferase
  • altered   adj. changed in form or character without becoming something else;  having testicles or ovaries removed;  changed in order to improve or made more fit for a particular purpose
  • altered mental status
  • alternating   adj. (of a current) reversing direction;  occurring by turns; first one and then the other
  • alveolar   adj. pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs;  pertaining to the alveolar ridge;  noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • alveolar bone
  • alveolar bone fractures
  • amanita   noun genus of widely distributed agarics that have white spores and are poisonous with few exceptions
  • amanita phalloides poisoning
  • ambulance   noun a vehicle that takes people to and from hospitals
  • ambulance incident
  • amebiasis   noun infection by a disease causing ameba
  • amenorrhea   noun absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  • ami
  • aminophylline   noun a theophylline derivative that is used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of bronchial asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis
  • aminotransferase   noun a class of transferases that catalyze transamination (that transfer an amino group from an amino acid to another compound)
  • aminotransferases
  • amiodarone   noun an antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Cordarone) that has potentially fatal side effects and is used to control serious heart rhythm problems only when safer agents have been ineffective
  • aml
  • ammatory
  • amnesia   noun partial or total loss of memory
  • amniotic   adj. of or related to the amnion or characterized by developing an amnion
  • amniotic fl uid
  • amoebiasis   noun infection by a disease causing ameba
  • amphetamine   noun a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
  • amphetamine poisoning
  • amphetamines
  • ample   adj. affording an abundant supply;  more than enough in size or scope or capacity;  fairly large
  • ample allergies
  • amplification   noun (electronics) the act of increasing voltage or power or current;  addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail;  the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input
  • amplitude   noun greatness of magnitude;  the property of copious abundance;  (physics) the maximum displacement of a periodic wave
  • amputation   noun a surgical removal of all or part of a limb;  a condition of disability resulting from the loss of one or more limbs
  • amputation of limb or digit
  • amputations
  • amylase   noun any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar
  • amyotrophic
  • amyotrophic lateral sclerosis   noun thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord; results in progressive muscle atrophy that starts in the limbs
  • an   noun an associate degree in nursing
  • ana   noun a collection of anecdotes about a person or place; mother of the ancient Irish gods; sometimes identified with Danu
  • ana antinuclear antibody
  • anaesthesia   noun loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
  • anaesthetic   adj. characterized by insensibility;  noun a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations
  • anaesthetics
  • anal   adj. a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc.;  of or related to the anus
  • anal fissure
  • analgesia   noun absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness
  • analgesic   adj. capable of relieving pain;  noun a medicine used to relieve pain
  • analysis   noun an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole;  the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations;  a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation;  a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed;  the use of closed class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father';  a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
  • anaphylactic   adj. related to the hypersensitivity known as anaphylaxis
  • anaphylactic reactions
  • anaphylactic shock   noun a severe and rapid and sometimes fatal hypersensitivity reaction to a substance (especially a vaccine or penicillin or shellfish or insect venom) to which the organism has become sensitized by previous exposure
  • anaphylaxis   noun hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance
  • anaplasmosis   noun a disease of cattle that is transmitted by cattle ticks; similar to Texas fever
  • anatomy   noun a detailed analysis;  the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals;  alternative names for the body of a human being
  • and
  • and bladder injury
  • and choking
  • and inflammation
  • and labyrinthitis
  • and lyme disease
  • and meningococcemia
  • and monitoring
  • and oxygenation
  • and pneumocystis pneumonia
  • and pneumomediastinum
  • anemia   noun genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid fronds; chiefly of tropical America;  a deficiency of red blood cells;  a lack of vitality
  • aneurysm   noun a cardiovascular disease characterized by a saclike widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall
  • aneurysmal   adj. relating to or affected by an aneurysm
  • aneurysms
  • angina   noun any disease of the throat or fauces marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain;  a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
  • angio oedema
  • angioedema
  • angiogram   noun an X ray representation of blood vessels made after the injection of a radiopaque substance
  • angioplasty   noun an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery
  • angiotensin converting
  • angle   noun a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Saxons and Jutes to become Anglo Saxons;  the space between two lines or planes that intersect; the inclination of one line to another; measured in degrees or radians;  a biased way of looking at or presenting something;  verb fish with a hook;  move or proceed at an angle;  present with a bias;  seek indirectly;  to incline or bend from a vertical position
  • ani   noun black tropical American cuckoo
  • animal   adj. of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals;  marked by the appetites and passions of the body;  noun a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • animal bite
  • anion   noun a negatively charged ion
  • anion gap
  • anion gap acidosis
  • anion gap metabolic
  • anion gap metabolic acidosis
  • ankle fracture
  • ankle sprain
  • ankle tendinitis
  • ankle tenosynovitis
  • ankylosing
  • ankylosing spondylitis   noun a chronic form of spondylitis primarily in males and marked by impaired mobility of the spine; sometimes leads to ankylosis
  • annoyed   adj. aroused to impatience or anger;  troubled persistently especially with petty annoyances
  • anomalous   adj. deviating from the general or common order or type
  • anomaly   noun (astronomy) position of a planet as defined by its angular distance from its perihelion (as observed from the sun);  a person who is unusual;  deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
  • anorectal   adj. pertaining to the anus and rectum considered together
  • anorexia   noun a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  • anorexia nervosa   noun (psychiatry) a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
  • anovulatory
  • antagonist   noun a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug;  a muscle that relaxes while another contracts; someone who offers opposition
  • antecubital   adj. of or relating to the region of the arm in front of the elbow
  • antecubital see antecubital fossa
  • antepartum   adj. occurring or existing before birth
  • anterior   adj. earlier in time;  of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body;  noun a tooth situated at the front of the mouth
  • anterior cord syndrome
  • anterior cruciate ligament
  • anteroposterior
  • anthrax   noun a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia;  a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people
  • anti d
  • anti inflammatory   noun a medicine intended to reduce inflammation
  • anti retroviral
  • antibiotic   adj. of or relating to antibiotic drugs;  noun a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections
  • antibiotic related
  • antibiotics
  • antibody   noun any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response
  • antibody testing
  • anticholinergic   adj. inhibiting or blocking the action of acetylcholine at a receptor site;  noun a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine
  • anticholinergic effects of tricyclic
  • anticholinergic poisoning
  • anticholinergic toxidrome
  • anticoagulants
  • anticonvulsants
  • anticonvulsants see antiepileptic drugs
  • antidepressant   noun any of a class of drugs used to treat depression; often have undesirable side effects
  • antidepressant poisoning
  • antidepressants
  • antidiuretic   noun a drug that limits the formation of urine
  • antidiuretic hormone   noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • antidote   noun a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison
  • antidotes
  • antidotes poisoning
  • antiepileptic   noun a drug used to treat or prevent convulsions (as in epilepsy)
  • antigen   noun any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
  • antihistamines
  • antihypertensives
  • antiinfl
  • antimalarials
  • antinuclear
  • antipsychotic   noun tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • antipsychotics
  • antiretroviral
  • antiretroviral drugs
  • antiserum   noun blood serum containing antibodies against specific antigens; provides immunity to a disease
  • antitoxin   noun an antibody that can neutralize a specific toxin
  • antivenin   noun an antitoxin that counteracts the effects of venom from the bite of a snake or insect or other animal
  • antivenom
  • antivirals
  • anxiety   noun a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill defined) misfortune;  a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • aorta   noun the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries
  • aortic   adj. of or relating to the aorta
  • aortic aneurysm   noun an aneurysm of the aorta
  • aortic dissection
  • aortic regurgitation
  • aortic rupture
  • aortic stenosis   noun abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve
  • ap
  • ap anteroposterior
  • aphthous
  • aphthous ulcers
  • aplastic
  • aplastic crisis
  • apnea   noun transient cessation of respiration
  • apophysitis
  • apparatus   noun equipment designed to serve a specific function; (anatomy) a group of body parts that work together to perform a given function
  • appendagitis
  • appendicitis   noun inflammation of the vermiform appendix
  • appendix   noun a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch;  supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book
  • approach   noun the act of drawing spatially closer to something;  a relatively short golf shot intended to put the ball onto the putting green;  ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation; a close approximation;  the temporal property of becoming nearer in time;  the event of one object coming closer to another;  a way of entering or leaving;  a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others;  the final path followed by an aircraft as it is landing;  verb make advances to someone, usually with a proposal or suggestion;  come near in time;  move towards;  begin to deal with; come near or verge on, resemble, come nearer in quality, or character
  • aptt
  • aptt activated partial thromboplastin time
  • apv
  • arbovirus   noun a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of transmission between vertebrate hosts by arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, midges, etc.) that feed on blood; they can cause mild fevers, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis
  • arc   noun a continuous portion of a circle;  electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field;  something curved in shape;  verb form an arch or curve
  • arc eye
  • arch   adj. expert in skulduggery;  (used of behavior or attitude) characteristic of those who treat others with condescension;  noun(architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it;  a passageway under a curved masonry construction;  a curved bony structure supporting or enclosing organs (especially the inner sides of the feet);  a curved shape in the vertical plane that spans an opening;  verb form an arch or curve
  • ards   noun acute lung injury characterized by coughing and rales; inflammation of the lungs which become stiff and fibrous and cannot exchange oxygen; occurs among persons exposed to irritants such as corrosive chemical vapors or ammonia or chlorine etc.
  • ards acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • area   noun a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function;  the extent of a 2 dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary;  a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve;  a subject of study;  a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography);  a particular environment or walk of life
  • arm   noun the part of an armchair or sofa that supports the elbow and forearm of a seated person;  any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm;  a human limb; technically the part of the superior limb between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb;  the part of a garment that is attached at the armhole and that provides a cloth covering for the arm;  any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting;  an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization; verb prepare oneself for a military confrontation;  supply with arms
  • arm injuries
  • arrangements
  • arrest   noun the state of inactivity following an interruption;  the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal);  verb hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of;  take into custody;  attract and fix;  cause to stop
  • arrhythmias
  • arrhythmias see arrhythmias
  • arrhythmogenic right ventricular
  • arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
  • ars
  • arsenic   noun a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar;  a white powdered poisonous trioxide of arsenic; used in manufacturing glass and as a pesticide (rat poison) and weed killer
  • arsenic poisoning
  • arterial   adj. of or involving or contained in the arteries
  • arterial blood gases   noun measurement of the pH level and the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations in arterial blood; important in diagnosis of many respiratory diseases
  • arterial gas embolism
  • arterial gas embolism in pulmonary
  • arterial occlusion
  • arterial thoracic outlet syndrome
  • arteries
  • arteriosus
  • arteritis   noun inflammation of an artery
  • artery   noun a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic;  a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • arthritis   noun inflammation of a joint or joints
  • arthropathies
  • arthropathy   noun a pathology or abnormality of a joint
  • as   adv. to the same degree (often followed by `as');  noun a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa;  a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
  • as biologic weapon
  • as biologic weapons
  • as dialysis complication
  • ascariasis   noun infestation of the human intestine with Ascaris roundworms
  • ascending   adj. moving or going or growing upward;  noun the act of changing location in an upward direction
  • ascites   noun accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
  • aspartate
  • aspects
  • aspirate   noun a consonant pronounced with aspiration;  verb suck in (air);  pronounce with aspiration; of stop sounds;  remove as if by suction
  • aspiration   noun a will to succeed;  a manner of articulation involving an audible release of breath;  the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing;  a cherished desire
  • aspiration pneumonia   noun inflammation of the lungs caused by inhaling or choking on vomitus; may occur during unconsciousness (anesthesia or drunkenness or seizure or cardiac arrest)
  • aspirin   noun the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • asplenia
  • assault   noun a threatened or attempted physical attack by someone who appears to be able to cause bodily harm if not stopped;  close fighting during the culmination of a military attack; thoroughbred that won the triple crown in 1946;  the crime of forcing a woman to submit to sexual intercourse against her will;  verb attack in speech or writing;  attack someone physically or emotionally;  force (someone) to have sex against their will
  • assessing
  • assessment   noun the market value set on assets;  an amount determined as payable;  the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event;  the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
  • assessment and management
  • assessment for
  • assessment with
  • assisted   adj. having help; often used as a combining form
  • assisted ventilation see ventilation
  • associated   adj. related to or accompanying;  joined in some kind of relationship (as a colleague or ally or companion etc.)
  • associated conditions
  • associated injuries
  • associated with knee dislocation
  • association   noun the act of consorting with or joining with others; the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination;  (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species;  a formal organization of people or groups of people;  (chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding;  a relation resulting from interaction or dependence;  the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination;  a social or business relationship
  • ast
  • ast aspartate aminotransferase
  • asthma   noun respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • astragalus   noun large genus of annual or perennial herbs or shrubs of north temperate regions; largest genus in the family Leguminosae;  the bone in the ankle that articulates with the leg bones to form the ankle joint
  • asystole   noun absence of systole; failure of the ventricles of the heart to contract (usually caused by ventricular fibrillation) with consequent absence of the heart beat leading to oxygen lack and eventually to death
  • asystole or pulseless electrical activity
  • at   noun 100 at equal 1 kip in Laos;  a highly unstable radioactive element (the heaviest of the halogen series); a decay product of uranium and thorium
  • at wrist
  • ataxia   noun inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
  • athlete   noun a person trained to compete in sports
  • atls
  • atls advanced trauma life support
  • atn
  • atn acute tubular necrosis
  • atopic
  • atopic dermatitis   noun a severe form of dermatitis characterized by atopy
  • atopic diaper dermatitis
  • atos
  • atracurium
  • atresia   noun an abnormal condition in which a normal opening or tube in the body (as the urethra) is closed or absent
  • atrial   adj. of or relating to a cavity or chamber in the body (especially one of the upper chambers of the heart)
  • atrial fibrillation   noun fibrillation of the muscles of the atria of the heart
  • atrial flutter
  • atrioventricular   adj. relating to or affecting the atria and ventricles of the heart
  • atrioventricular block   noun recurrent sudden attacks of unconsciousness caused by impaired conduction of the impulse that regulates the heartbeat
  • atrioventricular block from
  • atrioventricular blocks
  • atrophic   adj. relating to or characterized by atrophy
  • atrophic candidiasis
  • atrophy   noun any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use);  a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse;  verb undergo atrophy
  • atropine   noun a poisonous crystalline alkaloid extracted from the nightshade family; used as an antispasmodic and to dilate the eye pupil; also administered in large amounts as an antidote for organophosphate nerve agents or organophosphate insecticides
  • atropine poisoning
  • attack   noun a decisive manner of beginning a musical tone or phrase;  an offensive move in a sport or game;  the act of attacking; (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons);  strong criticism;  the onset of a corrosive or destructive process (as by a chemical agent);  a sudden occurrence of an uncontrollable condition;  ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation;  intense adverse criticism;  verb begin to injure;  set to work upon; turn one's energies vigorously to a task;  attack in speech or writing;  take the initiative and go on the offensive;  launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with;  attack someone physically or emotionally
  • attacks
  • attendance   noun the act of being present (at a meeting or event etc.);  the number of people that are present;  the frequency with which a person is present
  • attenders
  • atypical   adj. deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal;  not representative of a group, class, or type
  • aur
  • aura   noun an indication of radiant light drawn around the head of a saint;  a sensation (as of a cold breeze or bright light) that precedes the onset of certain disorders such as a migraine attack or epileptic seizure;  a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing
  • aureus
  • auricle   noun the externally visible cartilaginous structure of the external ear;  a small conical pouch projecting from the upper anterior part of each atrium of the heart
  • auricular   adj. pertaining to an auricle of the heart;  relating to or perceived by or shaped like the organ of hearing;  of or relating to near the ear
  • australian   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Australia or its inhabitants;  noun the Austronesian languages spoken by Australian aborigines;  a native or inhabitant of Australia
  • australian mental health
  • automated   adj. operated by automation
  • automated external defibrillators
  • automatic   adj. operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control;  like the unthinking functioning of a machine;  without volition or conscious control;  noun a pistol that will keep firing until the ammunition is gone or the trigger is released; light machine gun
  • autopulse
  • av   noun the eleventh month of the civil year; the fifth month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in July and August)
  • av atrioventricular
  • avascular   adj. without blood vessels
  • avascular necrosis
  • avian   adj. pertaining to or characteristic of birds
  • aviator   noun someone who operates an aircraft
  • avn
  • avoidance   noun deliberately avoiding; keeping away from or preventing from happening
  • avs
  • avulsed
  • avulsions
  • axial   adj. situated on or along or in the direction of an axis;  of or relating to or resembling an axis of rotation;  relating to or attached to the axis
  • axillary   adj. of or relating to the armpit;  of or relating to the axil
  • axillary artery damage in anterior
  • axillary lymphadenitis
  • axillary nerve damage in anterior
  • b   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • b type
  • b type natriuretic peptide
  • babesia
  • babesiosis
  • babies
  • baby   noun a project of personal concern to someone;  a very young mammal;  (slang) sometimes used as a term of address for attractive young women;  the youngest member of a group (not necessarily young);  a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk;  an immature childish person;  verb treat with excessive indulgence
  • bacillus   noun aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil
  • bacillus cereus
  • back   adj. located at or near the back of an animal;  related to or located at the back;  of an earlier date;  adv. in or to or toward a past time;  at or to or toward the back or rear;  in repayment or retaliation; in or to or toward a former location;  in or to or toward an original condition;  in answer;  noun the position of a player on a football team who is stationed behind the line of scrimmage;  a support that you can lean against while sitting;  the part of a garment that covers the back of your body;  the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine;  the part of something that is furthest from the normal viewer;  (football) a person who plays in the backfield;  the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book;  the side that goes last or is not normally seen;  the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord;  verb strengthen by providing with a back or backing;  establish as valid or genuine;  shift to a counterclockwise direction;  travel backward;  cause to travel backward;  support financial backing for; be behind; approve of;  be in back of;  place a bet on;  give support or one's approval to
  • back pain
  • back pain from
  • backwards   adv. at or to or toward the back or rear;  in a manner or order or direction the reverse of normal
  • bacterial   adj. relating to or caused by bacteria
  • bacterial conjunctivitis
  • bacterial infections
  • bacterial tracheitis
  • bacterial vaginosis
  • bad   adj. feeling physical discomfort or pain (`tough' is occasionally used colloquially for `bad');  (of foodstuffs) not in an edible or usable condition;  not working properly;  reproduced fraudulently;  having undesirable or negative qualities;  characterized by wickedness or immorality;  capable of harming;  physically unsound or diseased; very intense;  not financially safe or secure;  nonstandard;  below average in quality or performance;  not capable of being collected; feeling or expressing regret or sorrow or a sense of loss over something done or undone;  adv. very much; strongly;  with great intensity (`bad' is a nonstandard variant for `badly');  noun that which is below standard or expectations as of ethics or decency
  • bad news
  • bal
  • balance   noun a scale for weighing; depends on pull of gravity; equality between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account;  the difference between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account;  equality of distribution;  a state of equilibrium;  a wheel that regulates the rate of movement in a machine; especially a wheel oscillating against the hairspring of a timepiece to regulate its beat;  a weight that balances another weight;  (mathematics) an attribute of a shape or relation; exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane;  harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design);  the seventh sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about September 23 to October 22;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Libra;  something left after other parts have been taken away;  verbcompute credits and debits of an account;  bring into balance or equilibrium;  be in equilibrium;  hold or carry in equilibrium
  • balance disorders
  • balanitis   noun inflammation of the head of the penis
  • ballistics   noun the science of flight dynamics;  the trajectory of an object in free flight
  • band   noun a thin flat strip of flexible material that is worn around the body or one of the limbs (especially to decorate the body);  an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material;  a restraint put around something to hold it together;  a strip of material attached to the leg of a bird to identify it (as in studies of bird migration);  a thin flat strip or loop of flexible material that goes around or over something else;  a stripe or stripes of contrasting color;  a range of frequencies between two limits;  instrumentalists not including string players;  jewelry consisting of a circlet of precious metal (often set with jewels) worn on the finger;  a cord like tissue connecting two larger parts of an anatomical structure;  an unofficial association of people or groups;  a group of musicians playing popular music for dancing;  verb bind or tie together, as with a band; attach a ring to the foot of, in order to identify
  • bankart
  • barbiturate   noun organic compound having powerful soporific effect; overdose can be fatal
  • barbiturates
  • barbiturates poisoning
  • barotrauma
  • barr
  • barr virus
  • bartholin   noun Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585 1629)
  • bartholin abscess
  • barton
  • barton fracture
  • bartter
  • bartter syndrome
  • basal   adj. of primary importance;  serving as or forming a base; especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root like stem
  • basal cell
  • basal cell carcinoma
  • base   adj. debased; not genuine;  illegitimate;  having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality;  of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense);  not adhering to ethical or moral principles; (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal;  serving as or forming a base;  noun a support or foundation;  place that runner must touch before scoring;  (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector;  installation from which a military force initiates operations;  a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit;  the principal ingredient of a mixture;  the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end;  (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment;  the bottom or lowest part;  (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place;  the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed;  any of various water soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water;  lowest support of a structure;  the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area;  the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;  (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;  a lower limit;  a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries;  the most important or necessary part of something;  verb use as a basis for; found on;  assign to a station;  use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
  • base excess
  • basic   adj. of or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base; serving as a base or starting point;  pertaining to or constituting a base or basis;  reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality;  noun (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant;  a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use
  • basics   noun a statement of fundamental facts or principles; principles from which other truths can be derived
  • basophils
  • bath   noun you soak and wash your body in a bathtub;  a vessel containing liquid in which something is immersed (as to process it or to maintain it at a constant temperature or to lubricate it);  a town in southwestern England on the River Avon; famous for its hot springs and Roman remains;  an ancient Hebrew liquid measure equal to about 10 gallons;  a room (as in a residence) containing a bathtub or shower and usually a washbasin and toilet;  a relatively large open container that you fill with water and use to wash the body;  verbclean one's body by immersion into water
  • bath salts   noun a preparation that softens or scents a bath
  • batteries
  • bazett
  • bcc
  • beat   adj. very tired;  noun the act of beating to windward; sailing as close as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing;  a stroke or blow;  a regular rate of repetition;  the sound of stroke or blow;  a regular route for a sentry or policeman;  a single pulsation of an oscillation produced by adding two waves of different frequencies; has a frequency equal to the difference between the two oscillations;  the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music; (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse;  the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart;  a member of the beat generation; a nonconformist in dress and behavior;  verb come out better in a competition, race, or conflict;  give a beating to; subject to a beating, either as a punishment or as an act of aggression;  hit repeatedly;  strike (water or bushes) repeatedly to rouse animals for hunting;  strike (a part of one's own body) repeatedly, as in great emotion or in accompaniment to music;  stir vigorously;  shape by beating;  produce a rhythm by striking repeatedly;  make by pounding or trampling; move rhythmically;  indicate by beating, as with the fingers or drumsticks;  sail with much tacking or with difficulty;  move with a flapping motion;  move with a thrashing motion;  glare or strike with great intensity;  avoid paying;  be superior;  wear out completely;  be a mystery or bewildering to;  beat through cleverness and wit;  move with or as if with a regular alternating motion;  make a rhythmic sound;  make a sound like a clock or a timer
  • beck   noun a beckoning gesture
  • bed   noun a piece of furniture that provides a place to sleep;  a plot of ground in which plants are growing;  a foundation of earth or rock supporting a road or railroad track;  the flat surface of a printing press on which the type form is laid in the last stage of producing a newspaper or magazine or book etc.;  a depression forming the ground under a body of water;  (geology) a stratum of rock (especially sedimentary rock);  single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance;  a stratum of ore or coal thick enough to be mined with profit;  verb put to bed;  place (plants) in a prepared bed of soil;  furnish with a bed;  prepare for sleep;  have sexual intercourse with
  • bee   noun any of numerous hairy bodied insects including social and solitary species;  a social gathering to carry out some communal task or to hold competitions
  • bee sting   noun a sting inflicted by a bee
  • behavior   noun manner of acting or controlling yourself; (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation;  the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances;  (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  • behavioural   adj. of or relating to behavior
  • behavioural abnormalities
  • bell   noun a hollow device made of metal that makes a ringing sound when struck;  the flared opening of a tubular device;  the sound of a bell being struck;  United States inventor (born in Scotland) of the telephone (1847 1922);  English painter; sister of Virginia Woolf; prominent member of the Bloomsbury Group (1879 1961);  a phonetician and father of Alexander Graham Bell (1819 1905);  the shape of a bell;  (nautical) each of the eight half hour units of nautical time signaled by strokes of a ship's bell; eight bells signals 4:00, 8:00, or 12:00 o'clock, either a.m. or p.m.;  a percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned bells that are struck with a hammer; used as an orchestral instrument;  a push button at an outer door that gives a ringing or buzzing signal when pushed;  verb attach a bell to
  • below knee
  • belt   noun a band to tie or buckle around the body (usually at the waist);  endless loop of flexible material between two rotating shafts or pulleys;  an elongated region where a specific condition is found; the act of hitting vigorously;  a vigorous blow;  a path or strip (as cut by one course of mowing);  verb fasten with a belt;  deliver a blow to; sing loudly and forcefully
  • benadryl   noun antihistamine (trade name Benadryl) used to treat allergic reactions involving the nasal passages (hay fever) and also to treat motion sickness
  • benign   adj. pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence; kindness of disposition or manner;  not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
  • benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
  • bennett   noun United States aviator who (with Richard E. Byrd) piloted the first flight over the North Pole (1890 1928)
  • bennett fracture
  • benzodiazepine   noun any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives or hypnotics or muscle relaxants; chronic use can lead to dependency
  • benzodiazepine poisoning
  • benzodiazepines
  • benztropine
  • bereaved   adj. sorrowful through loss or deprivation;  noun a person who has suffered the death of someone they loved
  • bereavement   noun state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one
  • berry   noun any of numerous small and pulpy edible fruits; used as desserts or in making jams and jellies and preserves;  United States rock singer (born in 1931);  a small fruit having any of various structures, e.g., simple (grape or blueberry) or aggregate (blackberry or raspberry);  verb pick or gather berries
  • beta blocker   noun any of various drugs used in treating hypertension or arrhythmia; decreases force and rate of heart contractions by blocking beta adrenergic receptors of the autonomic nervous system
  • beta blockers
  • betablockers
  • bicarbonate   noun a salt of carbonic acid (containing the anion HCO3) in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced; an acid carbonate
  • biceps   noun any skeletal muscle having two origins (but especially the muscle that flexes the forearm)
  • bicipital   adj. having two heads or points of origin as a biceps
  • bicipital tendinopathy
  • bicycle   noun a wheeled vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot pedals;  verb ride a bicycle
  • bicycle spoke injury
  • bier   noun a stand to support a corpse or a coffin prior to burial;  a coffin along with its stand
  • bifascicular
  • bifascicular block
  • bilharzia   noun an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected
  • biliary   adj. relating to the bile ducts or the gallbladder;  relating to or containing bile
  • biliary disorders
  • biliary sludge
  • bilious   adj. suffering from or suggesting a liver disorder or gastric distress;  relating to or containing bile;  irritable as if suffering from indigestion
  • bilious vomiting in
  • bilirubin   noun an orange yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice
  • bimodal   adj. of a distribution; having or occurring with two modes
  • bimodal distribution of
  • binge   noun an occasion for excessive eating or drinking;  any act of immoderate indulgence;  verb overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself
  • binge eating disorder
  • binocular   adj. relating to both eyes
  • binocular diplopia
  • biologic   adj. pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • biologic weapons
  • biological   adj. of parents and children; related by blood;  pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • bipolar   adj. having two poles;  of, pertaining to, or occurring in both polar regions;  of or relating to manic depressive illness
  • bipolar disorder   noun a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
  • birth   noun the event of being born;  the time when something begins (especially life);  the process of giving birth;  the kinship relation of an offspring to the parents;  verb cause_to_be_born
  • bis
  • bis die
  • bite   noun a portion removed from the whole;  the act of gripping or chewing off with the teeth and jaws;  (angling) an instance of a fish taking the bait;  a light informal meal;  a wound resulting from biting by an animal or a person;  a strong odor or taste property;  wit having a sharp and caustic quality;  a small amount of solid food; a mouthful;  a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin;  verb penetrate or cut, as with a knife;  to grip, cut off, or tear with or as if with the teeth or jaws;  cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort;  deliver a sting to
  • bite mark significance
  • bites
  • bitumen   noun any of various naturally occurring impure mixtures of hydrocarbons
  • black   adj. marked by anger or resentment or hostility;  of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub Saharan African origin;  extremely dark;  being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light;  (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood;  soiled with dirt or soot;  dressed in black;  (of coffee) without cream or sugar;  (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin; stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable; (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame;  offering little or no hope;  (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading;  harshly ironic or sinister;  distributed or sold illicitly;  noun black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning);  (board games) the darker pieces;  the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white);  a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa);  popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928);  British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728 1799);  total absence of light;  verb make or become black
  • black widow   noun venomous New World spider; the female is black with an hourglass shaped red mark on the underside of the abdomen
  • black widow spider
  • black widow spider antivenin poisoning
  • bladder   noun a bag that fills with air;  a distensible membranous sac (usually containing liquid or gas)
  • bladder contusion
  • bladder injury
  • bladder injury with
  • blank   adj. void of expression;  (of a surface) not written or printed on;  not charged with a bullet;  noun a cartridge containing an explosive charge but no bullet;  a piece of material ready to be made into something;  a substitute for a taboo word;  a blank gap or missing part;  a blank character used to separate successive words in writing or printing;  verb keep the opposing (baseball) team from winning
  • blast   noun a very long fly ball;  an explosion (as of dynamite); intense adverse criticism;  a highly pleasurable or exciting experience;  a sudden very loud noise;  a strong current of air;  verbuse explosives on;  make a strident sound;  hit hard
  • blast injuries
  • bleed   verb draw blood;  drain of liquid or steam;  get or extort (money or other possessions) from someone;  lose blood from one's body;  be diffused
  • bleeding   noun flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
  • bleeding see haemorrhage
  • blistering disorders see vesicobullous
  • blisters
  • block   noun a solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides);  housing in a large building that is divided into separate units;  an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do; often caused by emotional tension;  a number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit;  a rectangular area in a city surrounded by streets and usually containing several buildings; (computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted;  a three dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides;  the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements;  a platform from which an auctioneer sells; an obstruction in a pipe or tube;  a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine;  a simple machine consisting of a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run to change the direction or point of application of a force applied to the rope;  verb shape into a block or blocks;  shape by using a block; support, secure, or raise with a block;  stamp or emboss a title or design on a book with a block;  interrupt the normal function of by means of anesthesia;  run on a block system;  prohibit the conversion or use of (assets);  be unable to remember;  interfere with or prevent the reception of signals;  impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball);  block passage through;  render unsuitable for passage; obstruct;  shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight;  hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of;  stop from happening or developing
  • blocker   noun a class of drugs that inhibit (block) some biological process;  a football player whose responsibility is to block players attempting to stop an offensive play
  • blockers
  • blocking   noun the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements
  • blocks
  • blood   noun temperament or disposition;  the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart;  people viewed as members of a group;  the descendants of one individual;  a dissolute man in fashionable society;  verb smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
  • blood cell   noun either of two types of cells (erythrocytes and leukocytes) and sometimes including platelets
  • blood loss
  • blood pressure   noun the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • blood sugar   noun glucose in the bloodstream
  • blood tests xvii
  • blow out   verb melt, break, or become otherwise unusable;  erupt in an uncontrolled manner;  put out, as of fires, flames, or lights
  • blow out fracture
  • bls
  • bls basic life support
  • blue   adj. causing dejection;  of the color intermediate between green and violet; having a color similar to that of a clear unclouded sky;  low in spirits;  morally rigorous and strict;  used to signify the Union forces in the American Civil War (who wore blue uniforms); suggestive of sexual impropriety;  characterized by profanity or cursing;  belonging to or characteristic of the nobility or aristocracy; noun any of numerous small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae; blue clothing;  blue color or pigment; resembling the color of the clear sky in the daytime;  any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are blue;  the sodium salt of amobarbital that is used as a barbiturate; used as a sedative and a hypnotic;  the sky as viewed during daylight;  used to whiten laundry or hair or give it a bluish tinge;  verb turn blue
  • bluebottle   noun blowfly with iridescent blue body; makes a loud buzzing noise in flight;  an annual Eurasian plant cultivated in North America having showy heads of blue or purple or pink or white flowers
  • blunt   adj. devoid of any qualifications or disguise or adornment; characterized by directness in manner or speech; without subtlety or evasion;  used of a knife or other blade; not sharp;  having a broad or rounded end;  verb make less sharp;  make less intense;  make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation;  make dull or blunt;  make numb or insensitive
  • blunt abdominal
  • blunt abdominal trauma
  • blunt injury
  • bma
  • bma counselling service
  • bn
  • bnf
  • bnf british national formulary
  • board   noun a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose; a flat portable surface (usually rectangular) designed for board games;  food or meals in general;  a committee having supervisory powers;  a stout length of sawn timber; made in a wide variety of sizes and used for many purposes;  a printed circuit that can be inserted into expansion slots in a computer to increase the computer's capabilities;  electrical device consisting of a flat insulated surface that contains switches and dials and meters for controlling other electrical devices;  a table at which meals are served;  a vertical surface on which information can be displayed to public view;  verbprovide food and lodging (for);  lodge and take meals (at);  get on board of (trains, buses, ships, aircraft, etc.);  live and take one's meals at or in
  • bodies
  • body   noun the external structure of a vehicle;  the entire structure of an organism (especially an animal or human being);  a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person;  the central message of a communication;  a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity;  a collection of particulars considered as a system;  an individual 3 dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; the property of holding together and retaining its shape;  the body excluding the head and neck and limbs;  verb invest with or as with a body; give body to
  • body packers
  • body stuffers
  • boerhaave
  • boerhaave syndrome
  • bohler
  • bolus   noun a large pill; used especially in veterinary medicine;  a small round soft mass (as of chewed food)
  • bombs
  • bone   adj. consisting of or made up of bone;  noun a shade of white the color of bleached bones;  rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates;  the porous calcified substance from which bones are made;  verb remove the bones from;  study intensively, as before an exam
  • bone marrow disorders
  • bone marrow transplant rejection
  • bones   noun a percussion instrument consisting of a pair of hollow pieces of wood or bone (usually held between the thumb and fingers) that are made to click together (as by Spanish dancers) in rhythm with the dance
  • bony   adj. having bones especially many or prominent bones;  very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold;  composed of or containing bone
  • bony injuries
  • bordetella
  • bordetella pertussis
  • borrelia   noun cause of e.g. European and African relapsing fever
  • borrelia burgdorferi   noun cause of Lyme disease; transmitted primarily by ticks of genus Ixodes
  • botulin   noun potent bacterial toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum that causes botulism; can be used as a bioweapon
  • botulin antitoxin trivalent poisoning
  • botulinum   noun anaerobic bacterium producing botulin the toxin that causes botulism
  • botulinum toxin   noun any of several neurotoxins that are produced by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum; causes muscle paralysis
  • botulism   noun food poisoning from ingesting botulin; not infectious; affects the CNS; can be fatal if not treated promptly
  • boutonni
  • bovis
  • bowel   noun the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • bowel obstruction
  • box   noun a blow with the hand (usually on the ear);  a (usually rectangular) container; may have a lid;  separate partitioned area in a public place for a few people;  private area in a theater or grandstand where a small group can watch the performance;  the driver's seat on a coach;  any one of several designated areas on a ball field where the batter or catcher or coaches are positioned;  evergreen shrubs or small trees;  the quantity contained in a box;  a rectangular drawing;  a predicament from which a skillful or graceful escape is impossible; verb engage in a boxing match;  hit with the fist;  put into a box
  • boxer   noun a breed of stocky medium sized short haired dog with a brindled coat and square jawed muzzle developed in Germany; someone who fights with his fists for sport;  a member of a nationalistic Chinese secret society that led an unsuccessful rebellion in 1900 against foreign interests in China;  a workman employed to pack things into containers
  • bp
  • bp blood pressure
  • bppv
  • brachial   adj. of or relating to an arm
  • brachial artery damage
  • brachial plexus   noun a network of nerves formed by cervical and thoracic spinal nerves and supplying the arm and parts of the shoulder
  • brachial plexus compression
  • bradyarrhythmias and
  • bradycardia   noun abnormally slow heartbeat
  • bradypnea
  • brain   noun that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord;  mental ability;  the brain of certain animals used as meat;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality;  verb kill by smashing someone's skull;  hit on the head
  • brain injury
  • brain see central nervous system
  • branch   noun an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization;  a stream or river connected to a larger one;  a division of a stem, or secondary stem arising from the main stem of a plant;  a part of a forked or branching shape;  any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm;  a natural consequence of development;  verb divide into two or more branches so as to form a fork;  grow and send out branches or branch like structures
  • braxton
  • braxton hicks contraction
  • breaking   adj. (of waves) curling over and crashing into surf or spray;  noun the act of breaking something
  • breast   noun the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen;  either of two soft fleshy milk secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman;  meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit;  meet at breast level;  confront bodily
  • breast abscess
  • breastfeeding
  • breastfeeding and
  • breath   noun the process of taking in and expelling air during breathing;  a slight movement of the air;  the air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration;  a short respite;  an indirect suggestion
  • breathing   adj. passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally; sometimes used in combination;  noun the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
  • breathlessness   noun a dyspneic condition
  • breaths
  • brillation
  • brillator
  • british   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Great Britain or its people or culture;  noun the people of Great Britain
  • british association for
  • broad complex
  • broken   adj. physically and forcibly separated into pieces or cracked or split;  (especially of promises or contracts) having been violated or disregarded;  not continuous in space, time, or sequence or varying abruptly;  lacking a part or parts;  discontinuous;  out of working order (`busted' is an informal substitute for `broken'); destroyed financially;  weakened and infirm;  thrown into a state of disarray or confusion;  imperfectly spoken or written;  subdued or brought low in condition or status;  topographically very uneven; tamed or trained to obey
  • bromide   noun any of the salts of hydrobromic acid; formerly used as a sedative but now generally replaced by safer drugs;  a trite or obvious remark
  • bronchiolitis   noun inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles
  • bronchitis   noun inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
  • bronchodilators
  • bronchopneumonia   noun pneumonia characterized by acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles
  • bronchus   noun either of the two main branches of the trachea
  • brosis
  • browder
  • brown   adj. (of skin) deeply suntanned;  of a color similar to that of wood or earth;  noun an orange of low brightness and saturation; abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800 1858);  Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773 1858);  a university in Rhode Island;  verb fry in a pan until it changes color
  • brown recluse
  • brown recluse spider
  • brown s
  • brucellosis   noun infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache;  an infectious disease of domestic animals often resulting in spontaneous abortion; transmittable to human beings
  • brugada
  • brugada syndrome
  • brugada syndrome and
  • bruises
  • bsa
  • bsa body surface area
  • buccal   adj. toward the inside of the cheek;  lying within the mouth; of or relating to or toward the cheek
  • buccal cellulitis
  • buccolingual
  • buccolingual crisis
  • bula
  • bulimia   noun pathologically insatiable hunger (especially when caused by brain lesions);  a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self condemnation
  • bulimia nervosa
  • bullous
  • bullous conditions see vesicobullous
  • bullous impetigo
  • bullous varicella
  • bumper   adj. extraordinarily abundant;  noun a mechanical device consisting of bars at either end of a vehicle to absorb shock and prevent serious damage;  a glass filled to the brim (especially as a toast)
  • bundle   noun a package of several things tied together for carrying or storing;  a collection of things wrapped or boxed together;  a large sum of money (especially as pay or profit);  verb sleep fully clothed in the same bed with one's betrothed;  make into a bundle;  compress into a wad;  gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • bundle branch blocks
  • bupivacaine
  • burgdorferi
  • buried   adj. placed in a grave
  • buried bumper syndrome
  • burn   noun damage inflicted by fire;  a place or area that has been burned (especially on a person's body);  an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation;  pain that feels hot as if it were on fire;  a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun;  verb burn with heat, fire, or radiation;  undergo combustion;  cause to undergo combustion;  destroy by fire;  feel strong emotion, especially anger or passion;  feel hot or painful; spend (significant amounts of money);  burn at the stake;  cause to burn or combust;  shine intensely, as if with heat;  get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun;  burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent;  use up (energy);  create by duplicating data;  cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort
  • burn injury
  • burns   noun celebrated Scottish poet (1759 1796);  United States comedian and film actor (1896 1996)
  • burns see burns
  • burp   noun a reflex that expels wind noisily from the stomach through the mouth;  verb expel gas from the stomach
  • burp backwards upwards rightward pressure
  • bursitis   noun inflammation of a bursa; frequently in the shoulder
  • burst   adj. suddenly and violently broken open especially from internal pressure (`busted' is an informal term for `burst');  noun a sudden flurry of activity (often for no obvious reason);  the act of exploding or bursting something;  rapid simultaneous discharge of firearms;  a sudden violent happening;  verb break open or apart suddenly;  break open or apart suddenly and forcefully;  emerge suddenly;  move suddenly, energetically, or violently;  burst outward, usually with noise;  force out or release suddenly and often violently something pent up;  cause to burst;  be in a state of movement or action
  • burst fracture
  • button   noun a round fastener sewn to shirts and coats etc to fit through buttonholes;  any artifact that resembles a button;  a round flat badge displaying information and suitable for pinning onto a garment;  any of various plant parts that resemble buttons;  an electrical switch operated by pressing;  a device that when pressed will release part of a mechanism;  a female sexual organ homologous to the penis;  verb fasten with buttons;  provide with buttons
  • button batteries
  • bv
  • by   adv. so as to pass a given point;  in reserve; not for immediate use
  • bypass   noun a road that takes traffic around the edge of a town;  a surgically created shunt (usually around a damaged part);  a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the current;  verb avoid something unpleasant or laborious
  • c   noun the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet;  (music) the keynote of the scale of C major;  a general purpose programing language closely associated with the UNIX operating system;  street names for cocaine;  a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second;  a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature;  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy and universality of the speed of light is recognized by defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second
  • c dilation and curettage
  • c reactive
  • ca mrsa
  • cabg   noun open heart surgery in which the rib cage is opened and a section of a blood vessel is grafted from the aorta to the coronary artery to bypass the blocked section of the coronary artery and improve the blood supply to the heart
  • cabg coronary artery bypass graft
  • cad   noun someone who is morally reprehensible;  software used in art and architecture and engineering and manufacturing to assist in precision drawing
  • cad coronary artery disease
  • calcaneal   adj. relating to the heel bone or heel
  • calcaneus   noun the largest tarsal bone; forms the human heel
  • calcaneus fractures
  • calcifi
  • calcific   adj. involving or resulting from calcification
  • calcific tendonitis
  • calcium   noun a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • calcium antagonist
  • calcium channel
  • calcium channel blocker
  • calcium channel blocker overdose
  • calcium channel blocker poisoning
  • calcium chloride   noun a deliquescent salt; used in de icing and as a drying agent
  • calcium edta toxicity
  • calcium gluconate with hydrofluoric acid
  • calcium ionised
  • calcium oxalate crystals
  • calcium pyrophosphate arthropathy
  • calcium toxicity
  • calculous   adj. relating to or caused by or having a calculus or calculi
  • calculus   noun the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions;  a hard lump produced by the concretion of mineral salts; found in hollow organs or ducts of the body;  an incrustation that forms on the teeth and gums
  • calculus see stone
  • calf   noun young of domestic cattle;  young of various large placental mammals e.g. whale or giraffe or elephant or buffalo;  the muscular back part of the shank;  fine leather from the skin of a calf
  • call out   noun a challenge to a fight or duel
  • campylobacter
  • canal   noun long and narrow strip of water made for boats or for irrigation;  (astronomy) an indistinct surface feature of Mars once thought to be a system of channels; they are now believed to be an optical illusion;  a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance;  verb provide (a city) with a canal
  • cancer   noun type genus of the family Cancridae;  the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22;  a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer;  any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
  • cancer and abdominal
  • candidiasis   noun an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
  • cannulation   noun the insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ
  • cans
  • cap   noun a tight fitting headdress;  a top (as for a bottle); something serving as a cover or protection;  a fruiting structure resembling an umbrella that forms the top of a stalked fleshy fungus such as a mushroom;  the upper part of a column that supports the entablature;  dental appliance consisting of an artificial crown for a tooth;  a mechanical or electrical explosive device or a small amount of explosive; can be used to initiate the reaction of a disrupting explosive;  an upper limit on what is allowed;  verb restrict the number or amount of;  lie at the top of
  • cap community acquired pneumonia
  • capacity   noun a specified function;  the maximum production possible;  tolerance for alcohol;  ability to perform or produce;  the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior;  (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive; the amount that can be contained;  an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored;  the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
  • capital   adj. uppercase;  of primary important;  first rate;  noun the upper part of a column that supports the entablature;  one of the large alphabetic characters used as the first letter in writing or printing proper names and sometimes for emphasis;  the federal government of the United States;  a seat of government;  a center that is associated more than any other with some activity or product; wealth in the form of money or property owned by a person or business and human resources of economic value;  assets available for use in the production of further assets;  a book written by Karl Marx (1867) describing his economic theories
  • capitis
  • capsulitis
  • carbamate   noun a salt (or ester) of carbamic acid
  • carbamazepine
  • carbamazepine poisoning
  • carbon   noun a copy made with carbon paper;  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds;  a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
  • carbon dioxide tension
  • carbon monoxide   noun an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon
  • carbon monoxide poisoning   noun a toxic condition that results from inhaling and absorbing carbon monoxide gas
  • carboxyhaemoglobin
  • carbuncle   noun an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus;  deep red cabochon garnet cut without facets
  • carcinoma   noun any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
  • card   noun one of a set of small pieces of stiff paper marked in various ways and used for playing games or for telling fortunes;  a card certifying the identity of the bearer;  (golf) a record of scores (as in golf);  a rectangular piece of stiff paper used to send messages (may have printed greetings or pictures);  thin cardboard, usually rectangular;  a printed circuit that can be inserted into expansion slots in a computer to increase the computer's capabilities; (baseball) a list of batters in the order in which they will bat;  a list of dishes available at a restaurant;  a printed or written greeting that is left to indicate that you have visited;  a sign posted in a public place as an advertisement;  a witty amusing person who makes jokes;  verbask someone for identification to determine whether he or she is old enough to consume liquor;  separate the fibers of
  • cardiac   adj. of or relating to the heart
  • cardiac arrest   noun absence of systole; failure of the ventricles of the heart to contract (usually caused by ventricular fibrillation) with consequent absence of the heart beat leading to oxygen lack and eventually to death
  • cardiac catheterization
  • cardiac na
  • cardiac pacemakers
  • cardiac pacing
  • cardiac reperfusion therapy
  • cardiac testing
  • cardiac testing for
  • cardiac transplant rejection
  • cardioactive
  • cardioactive steroids
  • cardiogenic
  • cardiogenic pulmonary
  • cardiogenic shock   noun shock caused by cardiac arrest
  • cardiogenic shock in
  • cardiomyopathy   noun a disorder (usually of unknown origin) of the heart muscle (myocardium)
  • cardiopulmonary   adj. of or pertaining to or affecting both the heart and the lungs and their functions
  • cardiopulmonary injuries
  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation   noun an emergency procedure consisting of external cardiac massage and artificial respiration; the first treatment for a person who has collapsed and has no pulse and has stopped breathing; attempts to restore circulation of the blood and prevent death or brain damage due to lack of oxygen
  • cardiorespiratory   adj. of or pertaining to or affecting both the heart and the lungs and their functions
  • cardiorespiratory arrest
  • cardiotocograph
  • cardiovascular   adj. of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels
  • cardiovascular disorders
  • cardioversion
  • carditis   noun inflammation of the heart
  • care   noun activity involved in maintaining something in good working order;  the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something;  attention and management implying responsibility for safety;  a cause for feeling concern;  judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger;  an anxious feeling;  verb feel concern or interest;  provide care for;  be concerned with;  prefer or wish to do something;  be in charge of, act on, or dispose of
  • care after death of
  • carinii
  • carotid   adj. of or relating to either of the two major arteries supplying blood to the head and neck
  • carotid sinus syncope
  • carotid territory disease
  • carpal   adj. of or relating to the wrist;  noun any of the eight small bones of the wrist of primates
  • carpal fractures
  • carpal tunnel   noun a passageway in the wrist through which nerves and the flexor muscles of the hands pass
  • carpal tunnel syndrome   noun a painful disorder caused by compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel; characterized by discomfort and weakness in the hands and fingers and by sensations of tingling, burning or numbness
  • carpus   noun a joint between the distal end of the radius and the proximal row of carpal bones
  • cascade   noun a succession of stages or operations or processes or units;  a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls;  a sudden downpour (as of tears or sparks etc) likened to a rain shower;  verbarrange (open windows) on a computer desktop so that they overlap each other, with the title bars visible;  rush down in big quantities, like a cascade
  • casts
  • casualties
  • casualty   noun a decrease of military personnel or equipment; someone injured or killed in an accident;  someone injured or killed or captured or missing in a military engagement;  an accident that causes someone to die
  • cat   noun feline mammal usually having thick soft fur and no ability to roar: domestic cats; wildcats;  a spiteful woman gossip;  a method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross sectional scans along a single axis;  any of several large cats typically able to roar and living in the wild;  a large tracked vehicle that is propelled by two endless metal belts; frequently used for moving earth in construction and farm work;  a whip with nine knotted cords;  the leaves of the shrub Catha edulis which are chewed like tobacco or used to make tea; has the effect of a euphoric stimulant;  an informal term for a youth or man;  verb beat with a cat o' nine tails;  eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • cat bite
  • cat bite wound
  • categories
  • categories of
  • cathartics
  • catheter   noun a thin flexible tube inserted into the body to permit introduction or withdrawal of fluids or to keep the passageway open
  • catheterization   noun the operation of introducing a catheter into the body
  • cathinones
  • cation   noun a positively charged ion
  • catscratch
  • catscratch disease
  • cauda   noun any taillike structure
  • cauda equina damage
  • cauda equina syndrome
  • caudate   adj. having a tail or taillike appendage;  of a leaf shape; tapering gradually into a long taillike tip;  noun amphibians that resemble lizards;  a tail shaped basal ganglion located in a lateral ventricle of the brain
  • caudate hemorrhage
  • causes
  • causing   noun the act of causing something to happen
  • caustic   adj. of a substance, especially a strong acid; capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action;  harsh or corrosive in tone;  noun any chemical substance that burns or destroys living tissue
  • caustic ingestion
  • cava
  • cavernous   adj. being or suggesting a cavern;  filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood
  • cavernous sinus   noun either of a pair of large venous sinuses in the cranial cavity
  • cavernous sinus thrombosis
  • cbrn
  • cbrn incidents
  • ccb
  • ccb calcium channel blocker
  • ccu coronary care unit
  • cdad
  • cdad clostridium difficile antibiotic related diarrhoea
  • cdc   noun a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services; located in Atlanta; investigates and diagnoses and tries to control or prevent diseases (especially new and unusual diseases)
  • cdc centers for disease control and prevention
  • cdc see centers for disease control
  • cecal   adj. of or like a cecum
  • cecal volvulus
  • cell   noun (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals;  a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction;  a room where a prisoner is kept;  small room is which a monk or nun lives;  any small compartment;  a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement;  a hand held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short range transmitter/receiver
  • cells
  • cellular   adj. characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization);  relating to cells
  • cellulitis   noun an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
  • cellulitis from
  • cellulitis in
  • cement   noun something that hardens to act as adhesive material; a building material that is a powder made of a mixture of calcined limestone and clay; used with water and sand or gravel to make concrete and mortar;  concrete pavement is sometimes referred to as cement;  any of various materials used by dentists to fill cavities in teeth;  a specialized bony substance covering the root of a tooth; verb make fast as if with cement;  bind or join with or as if with cement;  cover or coat with cement
  • centers
  • centers for disease control and
  • central   adj. in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area;  centrally located and easy to reach;  used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place;  serving as an essential component;  noun a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • central cord syndrome
  • central line
  • central line insertion
  • central line insertion via
  • central nervous system manifestations
  • central respiratory drive
  • central retinal artery
  • central retinal artery occlusion
  • central retinal vein
  • central retinal vein occlusion
  • centres
  • cephalhaematoma
  • cer   noun an emotional response that has been acquired by conditioning
  • cerebellar   adj. relating to or associated with the cerebellum
  • cerebellar ataxia
  • cerebellar hemorrhage
  • cerebral   adj. involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • cerebral aneurysm   noun an aneurysm of the carotid artery
  • cerebral disorders
  • cerebral edema
  • cerebral ischaemia
  • cerebral perfusion
  • cerebral protection measures
  • cerebral see cerebral ischaemia
  • cerebral vascular accident
  • cerebral venous
  • cerebri
  • cerebritis
  • cerebrospinal   adj. of or relating to the brain and spinal cord
  • cerebrovascular   adj. of or relating to the brain and the blood vessels that supply it
  • cerebrovascular accident   noun a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
  • cereus   noun genus of much branched treelike or shrubby cacti with pronounced ribs and rounded needlelike spines and nocturnal flowers usually white
  • cerulea
  • cervical   adj. relating to or associated with the neck;  of or relating to the cervix of the uterus
  • cervical adenitis
  • cervical cord syndrome
  • cervical lymphadenitis
  • cervical nerve root compression
  • cervical see cervical spine
  • cervical spine
  • cervical spine injury
  • cesarean   adj. relating to abdominal delivery;  noun the delivery of a fetus by surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus (from the belief that Julius Caesar was born that way)
  • cesarean section   noun the delivery of a fetus by surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus (from the belief that Julius Caesar was born that way)
  • cestodes
  • cew
  • cfis
  • cftr
  • chain   noun a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament;  a necklace made by a stringing objects together;  anything that acts as a restraint;  a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership;  a series of things depending on each other as if linked together;  (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule);  British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906 1979);  a unit of length;  a series of hills or mountains;  verb fasten or secure with chains;  connect or arrange into a chain by linking
  • chalazion   noun a small sebaceous cyst of the eyelid resulting when a Meibomian gland is blocked
  • chambers   noun English architect (1723 1796)
  • chance   adj. occurring or appearing or singled out by chance;  nouna risk involving danger;  a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible;  an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another;  the possibility of future success;  a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances;  verb be the case by chance;  come upon, as if by accident; meet with;  take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome
  • chancre   noun a small hard painless nodule at the site of entry of a pathogen (as syphilis)
  • chancroid   noun infectious venereal ulcer
  • changes
  • channel   noun a passage for water (or other fluids) to flow through; a television station and its programs;  a path over which electrical signals can pass;  (often plural) a means of communication or access;  a deep and relatively narrow body of water (as in a river or a harbor or a strait linking two larger bodies) that allows the best passage for vessels;  a way of selling a company's product either directly or via distributors;  a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance;  a long narrow furrow cut either by a natural process (such as erosion) or by a tool (as e.g. a groove in a phonograph record);  verb direct the flow of;  send from one person or place to another;  transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
  • characteristics
  • charcoal   adj. of a very dark grey;  noun a stick of black carbon material used for drawing;  a drawing made with a stick of black carbon material;  a very dark grey color;  a carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other organic matter in the absence of air;  verb draw, trace, or represent with charcoal
  • chart   noun a map designed to assist navigation by air or sea;  a visual display of information;  verb plan in detail;  make a chart of; represent by means of a graph
  • charts
  • chauffeur   noun a man paid to drive a privately owned car;  verbdrive someone in a vehicle
  • chelation   noun the process of forming a ring by forming one or more hydrogen bonds;  (medicine) the process of removing a heavy metal from the bloodstream by means of a chelate as in treating lead or mercury poisoning
  • chelation therapy
  • chemdata
  • chemical   adj. relating to or used in chemistry;  of or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes;  noun produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
  • chemical agents causing
  • chemical burns
  • chemical see chemical burns
  • chemical weapons poisoning
  • chest see chest
  • chest trauma
  • chest wall pain
  • chickenpox   noun an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus; causes a rash of vesicles on the face and body
  • child   noun a young person of either sex;  a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age;  an immature childish person;  a member of a clan or tribe
  • child protection
  • childhood   noun the state of a child between infancy and adolescence;  the time of person's life when they are a child
  • children
  • children act
  • chitis
  • chlamydial   adj. of or pertaining to the sexually transmitted infection or to the parasite
  • chloride   noun any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion);  any compound containing a chlorine atom
  • chloride depletion
  • chlorine   noun a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
  • chloroquine   noun an antimalarial drug used to treat malaria and amebic dysentery and systemic lupus erythematosus
  • choice   adj. of superior grade;  appealing to refined taste;  noun the act of choosing or selecting;  the person or thing chosen or selected; one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  • chokes
  • choking   noun the act of suffocating (someone) by constricting the windpipe;  a condition caused by blocking the airways to the lungs (as with food or swelling of the larynx)
  • cholangitis   noun inflammation of the bile ducts
  • cholecystitis   noun inflammation of the gall bladder
  • choledocholithiasis
  • cholelithiasis   noun the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • cholera   noun an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  • cholestasis   noun a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
  • cholesteatoma
  • cholesterol   noun an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
  • cholesterol stones
  • cholinergic   adj. releasing or activated by acetylcholine or a related compound
  • cholinergic system
  • cholinergic toxidrome
  • chondritis
  • chondrocalcinosis
  • chorea   noun any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs; chorea in dogs
  • chorionic   adj. of or relating to a chorion
  • christmas   noun a Christian holiday celebrating the birth of Christ; a quarter day in England, Wales, and Ireland;  period extending from Dec. 24 to Jan. 6;  verb spend Christmas
  • chronic   adj. being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • chronic disease
  • chronic fatigue syndrome
  • chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy
  • chronic lymphocytic leukemia   noun chronic leukemia characterized by lymphoblast like cells; more common in older men
  • chronic mesenteric ischemia
  • chronic obstructive
  • chronic obstructive disease
  • chs
  • chs classic heat stroke
  • churg
  • chvostek
  • cial
  • cidm
  • ciency
  • ciguatera
  • cinchonism
  • cinical
  • cinical staging of
  • circulation   noun the spread or transmission of something (as news or money) to a wider group or area;  the dissemination of copies of periodicals (as newspapers or magazines);  free movement or passage through a series of vessels (as of water through pipes or sap through a plant);  movement through a circuit; especially the movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels;  number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold;  (library science) the count of books that are loaned by a library over a specified period
  • circulatory   adj. relating to circulatory system or to circulation of the blood;  of or relating to circulation
  • circulatory failure   noun failure of the cardiovascular system to supply adequate amounts of blood to body tissues
  • circulatory volume restoration
  • cirrhosis   noun a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver; the major cause is chronic alcoholism
  • ck
  • ck creatine kinase
  • ck mb
  • ck mb creatine kinase mb isoenzymes
  • cl   noun a metric unit of volume equal to one hundredth of a liter;  a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
  • cl chloride
  • class   noun elegance in dress or behavior;  people having the same social or economic status;  a collection of things sharing a common attribute;  (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more orders;  a body of students who are taught together;  a body of students who graduate together;  a league ranked by quality; education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings;  verb arrange or order by classes or categories
  • class i
  • class ii
  • class iii
  • class iv
  • classic   adj. characteristic of the classical artistic and literary traditions;  adhering to established standards and principles;  noun a creation of the highest excellence;  an artist who has created classic works
  • classifi
  • classification   noun restriction imposed by the government on documents or weapons that are available only to certain authorized people;  the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories;  a group of people or things arranged by class or category;  the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
  • classification of
  • classifications
  • clavicle   noun bone linking the scapula and sternum
  • clavicle fracture
  • clavicular
  • clay shoveller
  • cld
  • cld chronic lung disease
  • cleaning   noun the act of making something clean
  • clenched fist   noun a hand with the fingers clenched in the palm (as for hitting)
  • clenched fist injuries
  • clicking
  • cll
  • clomethiazole
  • clonazepam
  • clonic   adj. of or relating to abnormal neuromuscular activity characterized by rapidly alternating muscle contraction and relaxation
  • clonic seizure
  • clopidogrel
  • clostridium   noun spindle shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
  • clostridium difficile
  • clostridium tetani
  • closure   noun termination of operations;  a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive incomplete objects as complete and to close or fill gaps and to perceive asymmetric stimuli as symmetric;  a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body;  approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap;  the act of blocking;  an obstruction in a pipe or tube;  something settled or resolved; the outcome of decision making;  verb terminate debate by calling for a vote
  • clothier   noun a merchant who sells men's clothing
  • clouding   noun the process whereby water particles become visible in the sky
  • clouding of consciousness
  • clozapine   noun an antipsychotic drug (trade name Clozaril) used as a sedative and for treatment resistant schizophrenia; know to have few side effects
  • cluster   noun a grouping of a number of similar things;  verb come together as in a cluster or flock;  gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • cluster designation
  • cml
  • cmv   noun any of a group of herpes viruses that enlarge epithelial cells and can cause birth defects; can affect humans with impaired immunological systems
  • cmv cytomegalovirus
  • cn
  • cns   noun the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  • cns central nervous system
  • co dydramol
  • coagulation   noun the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • coagulopathy
  • coagulopathy reversal
  • coalescent   adj. growing together, fusing
  • coalescent mastoiditis
  • cocaine   noun a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • cocaine poisoning
  • cocaine related
  • coccyx   noun the end of the vertebral column in humans and tailless apes
  • coccyx fracture
  • cochlear   adj. of or relating to the cochlea of the ear
  • code   noun a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring brevity or secrecy;  (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions;  a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written ones);  verb attach a code to;  convert ordinary language into code
  • code brown
  • codeine   noun derivative of opium; used as an antitussive (to relieve coughing) and an analgesic (to relive pain)
  • cogentin
  • cognitive   adj. of or being or relating to or involving cognition
  • cognitive impairment in confusion
  • cold   adj. lacking the warmth of life;  of a seeker; far from the object sought;  unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication;  feeling or showing no enthusiasm;  having lost freshness through passage of time;  used of physical coldness; having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration;  extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness; without human warmth or emotion;  without compunction or human feeling;  sexually unresponsive;  so intense as to be almost uncontrollable;  no longer new; uninteresting;  marked by errorless familiarity;  (color) giving no sensation of warmth;  noun the sensation produced by low temperatures;  a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs);  the absence of heat
  • cold see hypothermia
  • coli
  • colic   noun acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)
  • colitis   noun inflammation of the colon
  • collapse   noun a mishap caused by something suddenly falling down or caving in;  an abrupt failure of function or health;  the act of throwing yourself down;  a sudden large decline of business or the prices of stocks (especially one that causes additional failures);  verblose significance, effectiveness, or value;  break down, literally or metaphorically;  cause to burst;  fold or close up;  collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack;  suffer a nervous breakdown; fall apart
  • collateral   adj. descended from a common ancestor but through different lines;  situated or running side by side;  accompany, concomitant;  serving to support or corroborate;  noun a security pledged for the repayment of a loan
  • collateral ligament
  • collateral ligament injuries
  • colles
  • colon   noun the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum; it extracts moisture from food residues before they are excreted;  a punctuation mark (:) used after a word introducing a series or an example or an explanation (or after the salutation of a business letter);  a port city at the Caribbean entrance to the Panama Canal;  the basic unit of money in Costa Rica; equal to 100 centimos; the basic unit of money in El Salvador; equal to 100 centavos
  • colon trauma
  • colovaginal
  • colovesical
  • colovesical fistula
  • coma   noun a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness; usually the result of disease or injury;  (astronomy) the luminous cloud of particles surrounding the frozen nucleus of a comet; forms as the comet approaches the sun and is warmed;  a usually terminal tuft of hairs especially on a seed
  • combined   adj. made or joined or united into one;  involving the joint activity of two or more
  • combined oral contraceptive pill
  • commitment   noun the official act of consigning a person to confinement (as in a prison or mental hospital);  the act of binding yourself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action;  an engagement by contract involving financial obligation;  a message that makes a pledge;  the trait of sincere and steadfast fixity of purpose
  • committee   noun a special group delegated to consider some matter;  a self constituted organization to promote something
  • communicating   noun the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information
  • communicating with
  • communication   noun something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups;  the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information;  a connection allowing access between persons or places
  • community   noun (ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other;  a group of people living in a particular local area;  a group of people having ethnic or cultural or religious characteristics in common;  a group of nations having common interests;  common ownership;  agreement as to goals;  the body of people in a learned occupation;  a district where people live; occupied primarily by private residences
  • community acquired
  • community acquired mrsa
  • community acquired pneumonia
  • compartment   noun a partitioned section or separate room within a larger enclosed area;  a small space or subdivision for storage
  • compartment syndrome
  • compensated   adj. receiving or eligible for compensation
  • compensatory
  • competence   noun the quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually
  • complete   adj. having every necessary or normal part or component or step;  having come or been brought to a conclusion; perfect and complete in every respect; having all necessary qualities;  without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers;  highly skilled;  verb bring to a whole, with all the necessary parts or elements;  come or bring to a finish or an end; write all the required information onto a form;  complete a pass; complete or carry out
  • complete abortion
  • complete bundle branch block
  • complete cord syndrome
  • complex   adj. complicated in structure; consisting of interconnected parts;  noun a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts;  (psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior;  a compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated;  a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
  • complication   noun the act or process of complicating;  a development that complicates a situation;  a situation or condition that is complex or confused;  any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease;  puzzling complexity
  • complications
  • complications in
  • complications of
  • complications of severe
  • components
  • compound   adj. of leaf shapes; of leaves composed of several similar parts or lobes;  consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts;  composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony;  noun an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient);  a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts;  (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight;  verb put or add together; combine so as to form a whole; mix;  create by mixing or combining; calculate principal and interest;  make more intense, stronger, or more marked
  • compound fracture   noun bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
  • compound sodium lactate
  • compounds
  • compression   noun applying pressure;  encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits required;  the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together;  an increase in the density of something
  • compression fracture   noun fracture in which the bone collapses (especially in short bones such as vertebrae)
  • compressions
  • compulsory   adj. required by rule
  • computed
  • computed tomography   noun a method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross sectional scans along a single axis
  • concealed   adj. hidden on any grounds for any motive;  not accessible to view
  • concentration   noun strengthening the amount of a substance in a unit amount of another substance (as of a solute in a mixture) by removing the other substance;  bringing together military forces; (chemistry) the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume (expressed as moles/cubic meter);  the spatial property of being crowded together;  complete attention; intense mental effort;  increase in density;  great and constant diligence and attention
  • conception   noun the act of becoming pregnant; fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon;  the creation of something in the mind;  an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances; the event that occurred at the beginning of something
  • concussion   noun any violent blow;  injury to the brain caused by a blow; usually resulting in loss of consciousness
  • conditions
  • conditions and entries under cerebral
  • conductance   noun a material's capacity to conduct electricity; measured as the reciprocal of electrical resistance
  • conducted
  • conducted energy weapons
  • condyloma lata
  • confused   adj. mentally confused; unable to think with clarity or act intelligently;  lacking orderly continuity;  having lost your bearings; confused as to time or place or personal identity;  thrown into a state of disarray or confusion;  perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment
  • confusion   noun a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another;  an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended;  a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior;  a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused;  disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
  • confusion see delirium
  • confusional
  • congenital   adj. present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • congenital heart disease
  • congenital methemoglobinemia
  • congenital rubella syndrome
  • congestive   adj. relating to or affected by an abnormal collection of blood or other fluid
  • congestive heart failure   noun inability to pump enough blood to avoid congestion in the tissues
  • conj
  • conjugated   adj. of an organic compound; containing two or more double bonds each separated from the other by a single bond; formed by the union of two compounds;  joined together especially in a pair or pairs
  • conjunctiva   noun a transparent membrane covering the eyeball and under surface of the eyelid
  • conjunctival   adj. of or relating to the conjunctiva
  • conjunctivitis   noun inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
  • conscious   adj. (followed by `of') showing realization or recognition of something;  knowing and perceiving; having awareness of surroundings and sensations and thoughts;  intentionally conceived
  • consciousness   noun an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation;  having knowledge of
  • consent   noun permission to do something;  verb give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to
  • constipation   noun irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis;  the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)
  • constricting   adj. (of circumstances) tending to constrict freedom; hindering freedom of movement
  • constricting band removal
  • consumption   noun the act of consuming something;  the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating); (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing;  involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  • contact   noun close interaction;  the act of touching physically; (electronics) a junction where things (as two electrical conductors) touch or are in physical contact;  a thin curved glass or plastic lens designed to fit over the cornea in order to correct vision or to deliver medication;  a communicative interaction;  the physical coming together of two or more things;  a person who is in a position to give you special assistance;  the state or condition of touching or of being in immediate proximity;  a channel for communication between groups;  verb be in or establish communication with;  be in direct physical contact with; make contact
  • contact dermatitis   noun a delayed type of allergic reaction of the skin resulting from skin contact with a specific allergen (such as poison ivy)
  • contagiosum
  • continuous   adj. continuing in time or space without interruption;  of a function or curve; extending without break or irregularity
  • continuous positive airways pressure
  • contraception   noun birth control by the use of devices (diaphragm or intrauterine device or condom) or drugs or surgery
  • contraceptive   adj. capable of preventing conception or impregnation;  noun an agent or device intended to prevent conception
  • contractility   noun the capability or quality of shrinking or contracting, especially by muscle fibers and even some other forms of living matter
  • contraction   noun the act of decreasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope;  (physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber);  a word formed from two or more words by omitting or combining some sounds;  the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together
  • contracture   noun an abnormal and usually permanent contraction of a muscle
  • contraindications
  • contributors
  • control   noun the activity of managing or exerting control over something;  (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc;  a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine;  power to direct or determine;  the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.;  a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance;  a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another;  discipline in personal and social activities;  great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity;  a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment;  the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; verb verify by using a duplicate register for comparison;  exercise authoritative control or power over;  lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;  verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments;  have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of;  be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;  handle and cause to function;  control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage
  • control see haemostasis
  • contusion   noun the action of bruising;  an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
  • contusions
  • convulsions
  • convulsions see seizures
  • convulsive   adj. affected by involuntary jerky muscular contractions; resembling a spasm;  resembling a convulsion in being sudden and violent
  • cooling   noun the process of becoming cooler; a falling temperature;  a mechanism for keeping something cool
  • copd
  • copd chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • coping   noun brick that is laid sideways at the top of a wall
  • coping as a junior
  • cor
  • cor pulmonale   noun enlargement of the right ventricle of the heart due to disease of the lungs or of the pulmonary blood vessels
  • coral   adj. of a strong pink to yellowish pink color;  noun marine colonial polyp characterized by a calcareous skeleton; masses in a variety of shapes often forming reefs;  a variable color averaging a deep pink;  unfertilized lobster roe; reddens in cooking; used as garnish or to color sauces;  the hard stony skeleton of a Mediterranean coral that has a delicate red or pink color and is used for jewelry
  • coral snake antivenin poisoning
  • cord   noun a line made of twisted fibers or threads;  a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton;  a light insulated conductor for household use;  a unit of amount of wood cut for burning; 128 cubic feet;  verb bind or tie with a cord;  stack in cords
  • core   noun a bar of magnetic material (as soft iron) that passes through a coil and serves to increase the inductance of the coil;  the chamber of a nuclear reactor containing the fissile material where the reaction takes place;  a small group of indispensable persons or things;  the center of an object;  the central part of the Earth;  a cylindrical sample of soil or rock obtained with a hollow drill;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work;  an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality;  verb remove the core or center from
  • cornea   noun transparent anterior portion of the outer covering of the eye; it covers the lens and iris and is continuous with the sclera
  • corneal   adj. of or related to the cornea
  • corneal abrasion
  • corneal burn
  • corneal foreign body
  • coronary   adj. surrounding like a crown (especially of the blood vessels surrounding the heart);  noun obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  • coronary angioplasty
  • coronary arteries
  • coronary artery   noun the artery that branches from the aorta to supply blood to the heart
  • coronary artery aneurysms
  • coronary vasospasm
  • coroner   noun a public official who investigates by inquest any death not due to natural causes
  • corporis
  • corpus   noun the main part of an organ or other bodily structure;  a collection of writings;  capital as contrasted with the income derived from it
  • corpuscular   adj. of or relating to corpuscles
  • cortical   adj. of or relating to a cortex
  • cortical necrosis
  • corticosteroids
  • corticosteroids see methylprednisolone
  • costochondritis   noun inflammation at the junction of a rib and its cartilage
  • cot   noun a small bed that folds up for storage or transport;  baby bed with high sides made of slats;  a sheath worn to protect a finger
  • cough   noun the act of exhaling air suddenly with a noise;  sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis;  verb exhale abruptly, as when one has a chest cold or congestion
  • council   noun a meeting of people for consultation;  a body serving in an administrative capacity;  (Christianity) an assembly or theologians and bishops and other representative of different churches or dioceses that is convened to regulate matters of discipline or doctrine
  • counselling   noun something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
  • count   noun the act of counting;  a nobleman (in various countries) having rank equal to a British earl;  the total number counted;  verbinclude as if by counting;  have faith or confidence in;  name or recite the numbers;  determine the number or amount of;  have weight; have import, carry weight;  put into a group;  take account of;  show consideration for; take into account
  • counts
  • court   noun respectful deference;  an area wholly or partly surrounded by walls or buildings;  a specially marked horizontal area within which a game is played;  a room in which a lawcourt sits;  the residence of a sovereign or nobleman;  the sovereign and his advisers who are the governing power of a state;  the family and retinue of a sovereign or prince;  an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business;  Australian woman tennis player who won many major championships (born in 1947);  a hotel for motorists; provides direct access from rooms to parking area;  verbengage in social activities leading to marriage;  make amorous advances towards;  seek someone's favor
  • cover   noun fire that makes it difficult for the enemy to fire on your own individuals or formations;  the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it;  a false identity and background (especially one created for an undercover agent);  a recording of a song that was first recorded or made popular by somebody else;  the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book;  bedding that keeps a person warm in bed;  a covering that serves to conceal or shelter something;  covering for a hole (especially a hole in the top of a container);  a natural object that covers or envelops;  a fixed charge by a restaurant or night club over and above the charge for food and drink;  verb clothe, as if for protection from the elements;  protect by insurance;  maintain a check on; especially by patrolling;  deal with verbally or in some form of artistic expression;  hold within range of an aimed firearm;  protect or defend (a position in a game);  be responsible for guarding an opponent in a game;  play a higher card than the one previously played;  form a cover over;  provide with a covering or cause to be covered;  spread over a surface to conceal or protect;  hide from view or knowledge;  be sufficient to meet, defray, or offset the charge or cost of;  to take an action to protect against future problems;  help out by taking someone's place and temporarily assuming his responsibilities;  invest with a large or excessive amount of something;  make up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities;  provide for;  span an interval of distance, space or time;  sit on (eggs);  be responsible for reporting the details of, as in journalism;  put something on top of something else;  copulate with a female, used especially of horses;  cover as if with a shroud;  travel across or pass over;  include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory
  • cpap
  • cpap continuous positive airways pressure
  • cpps
  • cpr   noun an emergency procedure consisting of external cardiac massage and artificial respiration; the first treatment for a person who has collapsed and has no pulse and has stopped breathing; attempts to restore circulation of the blood and prevent death or brain damage due to lack of oxygen
  • cpr cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • cpu   noun (computer science) the part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing
  • cpu chest pain unit
  • cradle   noun a baby bed with sides and rockers;  birth of a person; a trough that can be rocked back and forth; used by gold miners to shake auriferous earth in water in order to separate the gold;  where something originated or was nurtured in its early existence;  verb run with the stick;  hold gently and carefully;  wash in a cradle;  cut grain with a cradle scythe;  hold or place in or as if in a cradle;  bring up from infancy
  • cradle cap   noun a dermatitis of the scalp that is common in infants
  • cramps
  • cranial   adj. of or relating to the cranium which encloses the brain
  • cranial fracture see skull fracture
  • cream   noun toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin;  the part of milk containing the butterfat;  the best people or things in a group;  verb add cream to one's coffee, for example;  put on cream, as on one's face or body;  beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight;  make creamy by beating; remove from the surface
  • creatine   noun an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine; supplies energy for muscle contraction
  • creatine kinase females
  • creatinine
  • creatinine females
  • crew   noun the men who man a ship or aircraft;  the team of men manning a racing shell;  an organized group of workmen;  an informal body of friends;  verb serve as a crew member on
  • crf
  • crf chronic renal failure
  • cricoid
  • cricothyroidotomy
  • cricothyrotomy
  • crises
  • crisis   noun a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something;  an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty
  • criteria
  • critical   adj. marked by a tendency to find and call attention to errors and flaws;  characterized by careful evaluation and judgment; being in or verging on a state of crisis or emergency;  at or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain a chain reaction;  forming or having the nature of a turning point or crisis;  urgently needed; absolutely necessary;  of or involving or characteristic of critics or criticism
  • crohn   noun United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884 1983)
  • crohn disease
  • crotaline
  • crotaline toxicity
  • croup   noun a disease of infants and young children; harsh coughing and hoarseness and fever and difficult breathing;  the part of a quadruped that corresponds to the human buttocks
  • crp   noun a byproduct of inflammation; a globulin that is found in the blood in some cases of acute inflammation
  • crp c reactive protein
  • crs
  • cruciate   adj. shaped like a cross
  • cruciate ligament injuries
  • cruelty   noun a cruel act; a deliberate infliction of pain and suffering;  the quality of being cruel and causing tension or annoyance;  feelings of extreme heartlessness
  • crunch   noun the sound of something crunching;  a critical situation that arises because of a shortage (as a shortage of time or money or resources);  the act of crushing;  verb make crunching noises;  chew noisily;  press or grind with a crunching noise;  reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading
  • cruris
  • crush   noun the act of crushing;  a dense crowd of people; temporary love of an adolescent;  leather that has had its grain pattern accentuated;  verb break into small pieces;  become injured, broken, or distorted by pressure;  humiliate or depress completely; come out better in a competition, race, or conflict;  make ineffective; crush or bruise;  to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition;  come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority
  • crush injury and compartment
  • crushed   adj. treated so as to have a permanently wrinkled appearance;  subdued or brought low in condition or status
  • crvo
  • crying   adj. conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible; noisy with or as if with loud cries and shouts;  demanding attention; noun the process of shedding tears (usually accompanied by sobs or other inarticulate sounds)
  • crying infant
  • cryptosporidium
  • cryptosporidium parvum
  • crystal   noun a protective cover that protects the face of a watch; glassware made of quartz;  a crystalline element used as a component in various electronic devices;  a rock formed by the solidification of a substance; has regularly repeating internal structure; external plane faces;  a solid formed by the solidification of a chemical and having a highly regular atomic structure;  colorless glass made of almost pure silica
  • crystal deposition
  • crystal deposition bursitis
  • crystals
  • cs   noun a soft silver white ductile metallic element (liquid at normal temperatures); the most electropositive and alkaline metal
  • csd
  • csf
  • csf cerebrospinal fluid
  • csm
  • csm carotid sinus massage
  • csu catheter specimen of urine
  • ct   noun a method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross sectional scans along a single axis;  a New England state; one of the original 13 colonies
  • ct computed
  • ct scan
  • ctg
  • ctg cardiotocograph
  • ctni
  • ctni cardiac troponin i
  • ctnt
  • ctnt cardiac troponin t
  • ctpa
  • ctpa computed tomography pulmonary angiogram
  • cuff   noun the lap consisting of a turned back hem encircling the end of the sleeve or leg;  shackle that consists of a metal loop that can be locked around the wrist; usually used in pairs;  verb hit with the hand;  confine or restrain with or as if with manacles or handcuffs
  • cult   noun a system of religious beliefs and rituals;  adherents of an exclusive system of religious beliefs and practices;  an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  • culties
  • culture   noun the raising of plants or animals;  (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar); the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group;  the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization;  a particular society at a particular time and place;  all the knowledge and values shared by a society;  a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
  • culture and sensitivity
  • curettage   noun surgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette
  • current   adj. occurring in or belonging to the present time;  noun a steady flow (usually from natural causes);  a flow of electricity through a conductor;  dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas
  • cushing   noun United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869 1939)
  • cushing syndrome
  • cut   adj. with parts removed;  separated into parts or laid open or penetrated with a sharp edge or instrument;  (of pages of a book) having the folds of the leaves trimmed or slit;  fashioned or shaped by cutting;  mixed with water;  (used of rates or prices) reduced usually sharply;  wounded by cutting deeply;  (of a male animal) having the testicles removed;  (used of grass or vegetation) cut down with a hand implement or machine;  made neat and tidy by trimming; noun an unexcused absence from class;  the act of reducing the amount or number;  the act of shortening something by choping off the ends;  the act of cutting something into parts;  the act of penetrating or opening open with a sharp edge;  the division of a deck of cards before dealing;  (sports) a stroke that puts reverse spin on the ball;  a trench resembling a furrow that was made by erosion or excavation;  a canal made by erosion or excavation;  the style in which a garment is cut;  a distinct selection of music from a recording or a compact disc;  (film) an immediate transition from one shot to the next;  a piece of meat that has been cut from an animal carcass; a share of the profits;  a wound made by cutting;  a step on some scale;  in baseball; a batter's attempt to hit a pitched ball;  a refusal to recognize someone you know;  the omission that is made when an editorial change shortens a written passage;  a remark capable of wounding mentally;  verb grow through the gums;  have grow through the gums;  cease, stop;  have a reducing effect;  dissolve by breaking down the fat of;  weed out unwanted or unnecessary things;  shorten as if by severing the edges or ends of;  penetrate injuriously;  fell by sawing; hew;  reap or harvest;  hit (a ball) with a spin so that it turns in the opposite direction;  separate with or as if with an instrument; divide a deck of cards at random into two parts to make selection difficult;  make an incision or separation;  allow incision or separation; function as a cutting instrument;  style and tailor in a certain fashion; perform or carry out;  form or shape by cutting or incising;  form by probing, penetrating, or digging;  create by duplicating data;  record a performance on (a medium);  make a recording of;  stop filming; make an abrupt change of image or sound;  pass through or across; pass directly and often in haste;  move (one's fist);  give the appearance or impression of;  discharge from a group;  intentionally fail to attend;  cut off the testicles (of male animals such as horses); cut and assemble the components of;  lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture;  reduce in scope while retaining essential elements;  cut down on; make a reduction in;  refuse to acknowledge; make out and issue;  cause to stop operating by disengaging a switch;  turn sharply; change direction abruptly;  be able to manage or manage successfully
  • cut down   verb intercept (a player);  cut down on; make a reduction in;  cause to come or go down;  cause to fall by or as if by delivering a blow;  cut with a blade or mower;  cut with sweeping strokes; as with an ax or machete
  • cutaneous   adj. relating to or existing on or affecting the skin
  • cutaneous candidiasis
  • cva   noun a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
  • cva cerebrovascular accident
  • cvc central venous catheter
  • cvp central venous pressure
  • cxr
  • cxr chest x ray
  • cyanide   noun an extremely poisonous salt of hydrocyanic acid; any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical CN
  • cyanide antidote kit
  • cyanide poisoning   noun poisoning due to ingesting or inhaling cyanide; common in smoke from fires and in industrial chemicals
  • cyanogenic   adj. capable of producing cyanide
  • cyanogenic compounds
  • cyanokit
  • cyanosis   noun a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; a sign that oxygen in the blood is dangerously diminished (as in carbon monoxide poisoning)
  • cyanotic
  • cycle   noun a single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon;  a periodically repeated sequence of events;  a series of poems or songs on the same theme;  an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs;  a wheeled vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot pedals;  the unit of frequency; one hertz has a periodic interval of one second;  verb recur in repeating sequences;  pass through a cycle;  cause to go through a recurring sequence;  ride a bicycle;  ride a motorcycle
  • cyclic   adj. recurring in cycles;  of a compound having atoms arranged in a ring structure;  botany; forming a whorl or having parts arranged in a whorl;  marked by repeated cycles;  conforming to the Carnot cycle
  • cyclic vomiting
  • cycloplegic
  • cyst   noun a closed sac that develops abnormally in some body structure;  a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)
  • cystic   adj. of or relating to or resembling a cyst;  of or relating to a normal cyst (as the gallbladder or urinary bladder)
  • cystic fibrosis   noun the most common congenital disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene; there is no cure
  • cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator
  • cystitis   noun inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
  • cytomegalovirus   noun any of a group of herpes viruses that enlarge epithelial cells and can cause birth defects; can affect humans with impaired immunological systems
  • d   noun the 4th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a fat soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • d dimer
  • dacrocystitis
  • dacryoadenitis
  • dacryocystitis   noun inflammation of the lacrimal sac causing obstruction of the tube draining tears into the nose
  • daily   adj. occurring or done each day;  measured by the day or happening every day;  adv. without missing a day;  gradually and progressively;  noun a newspaper that is published every day
  • damage   noun the act of damaging something or someone;  loss of military equipment;  the occurrence of a change for the worse;  any harm or injury resulting from a violation of a legal right;  the amount of money needed to purchase something;  verb inflict damage upon
  • dantrolene
  • dantrolene poisoning
  • dashboard   noun instrument panel on an automobile or airplane containing dials and controls;  protective covering consisting of a panel to protect people from the splashing water or mud etc.
  • dbp
  • dbp diastolic blood pressure
  • dc shock see cardioversion
  • dcs
  • de   noun a Mid Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies
  • de quervain
  • de quervain tenosynovitis
  • death   noun the act of killing;  the event of dying or departure from life;  the personification of death;  the permanent end of all life functions in an organism or part of an organism;  the absence of life or state of being dead;  the time at which life ends; continuing until dead;  the time when something ends;  a final state
  • debridement   noun surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing
  • debriefi
  • debriefi ng after major
  • decompensated
  • decompression   noun relieving pressure;  restoring compressed information to its normal form for use or display
  • decompression illness with
  • deep vein
  • deep vein thrombosis
  • deep venous
  • deep venous thrombosis
  • defect   noun a failing or deficiency;  an imperfection in a bodily system;  an imperfection in a device or machine;  a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body); verb desert (a cause, a country or an army), often in order to join the opposing cause, country, or army
  • defence   noun protection from harm;  military action or resources protecting a country against potential enemies;  a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him;  a structure used to defend against attack;  the justification for some act or belief;  the speech act of answering an attack on your assertions; an organization of defenders that provides resistance against attack; the defendant and his legal advisors collectively;  (sports) the team that is trying to prevent the other team from scoring;  (psychiatry) an unconscious process that tries to reduce the anxiety associated with instinctive desires
  • defense   noun protection from harm;  military action or resources protecting a country against potential enemies;  a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him;  the justification for some act or belief;  an organization of defenders that provides resistance against attack;  the defendant and his legal advisors collectively;  (sports) the team that is trying to prevent the other team from scoring;  a structure used to defend against attack; the speech act of answering an attack on your assertions;  the federal department responsible for safeguarding national security of the United States; created in 1947;  (psychiatry) an unconscious process that tries to reduce the anxiety associated with instinctive desires
  • defense mechanism for
  • deferoxamine
  • deferrioxamine
  • defi
  • defi brillator
  • defibrillation   noun treatment by stopping fibrillation of heart muscles (usually by electric shock delivered by a defibrillator)
  • defibrillator   noun an electronic device that administers an electric shock of preset voltage to the heart through the chest wall in an attempt to restore the normal rhythm of the heart during ventricular fibrillation
  • defibrillators
  • deficiency   noun lack of an adequate quantity or number;  the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  • definition   noun clarity of outline;  a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase or symbol
  • definitive   adj. supplying or being a final or conclusive settlement; clearly defined or formulated;  of recognized authority or excellence
  • deformity   noun an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed;  an appearance that has been spoiled or is misshapen
  • degenerative   adj. (of illness) marked by gradual deterioration of organs and cells along with loss of function
  • degenerative arthritis   noun chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
  • dehydrated   adj. suffering from excessive loss of water from the body;  preserved by removing natural moisture
  • dehydration   noun the process of extracting moisture;  depletion of bodily fluids;  dryness resulting from the removal of water
  • dehydrogenase
  • delayed   adj. caused to be slower or later;  not as far along as normal in development
  • delayed primary
  • deliberate   adj. by conscious design or purpose;  marked by careful consideration or reflection;  with care and dignity;  produced or marked by conscious design or premeditation;  carefully thought out in advance;  verb discuss the pros and cons of an issue;  think about carefully; weigh
  • deliberate injury see non accidental injury
  • delirium   noun a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations;  state of violent mental agitation
  • delivery   noun the act of delivering a child;  the act of delivering or distributing something (as goods or mail);  the voluntary transfer of something (title or possession) from one party to another;  the event of giving birth;  recovery or preservation from loss or danger; (baseball) the act of throwing a baseball by a pitcher to a batter; your characteristic style or manner of expressing yourself orally
  • delusion   noun the act of deluding; deception by creating illusory ideas;  a mistaken or unfounded opinion or idea;  (psychology) an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary
  • dementia   noun mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  • demyelinating
  • dengue   noun an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
  • dengue fever   noun an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
  • dengue hemorrhagic fever
  • dengue shock syndrome
  • density   noun the amount per unit size;  the spatial property of being crowded together
  • dental   adj. of or relating to the teeth;  of or relating to dentistry; noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • dental trauma
  • dentine   noun bone (calcified tissue) surrounding the pulp cavity of a tooth;  a calcareous material harder and denser than bone that comprises the bulk of a tooth
  • dentition   noun the kind and number and arrangement of teeth (collectively) in a person or animal;  the eruption through the gums of baby teeth
  • dento alveolar
  • denture   noun a dental appliance that artificially replaces missing teeth
  • deoxyribonucleic
  • department   noun a specialized sphere of knowledge;  a specialized division of a large organization;  the territorial and administrative division of some countries (such as France)
  • dependency   noun a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country;  lack of independence or self sufficiency;  being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • depletion   noun the act of decreasing something markedly;  the state of being depleted
  • deposition   noun the act of deposing someone; removing a powerful person from a position or office;  (law) a pretrial interrogation of a witness; usually conducted in a lawyer's office;  the natural process of laying down a deposit of something;  the act of putting something somewhere
  • depressed   adj. having the central portion lower than the margin; lower than previously;  flattened downward as if pressed from above or flattened along the dorsal and ventral surfaces;  low in spirits
  • depression   noun pushing down;  sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy;  angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object);  a concavity in a surface produced by pressing;  a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity;  a long term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment;  a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment;  a sunken or depressed geological formation;  a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention;  an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • derangements
  • dermatitis   noun inflammation of the skin; skin becomes itchy and may develop blisters
  • dermatological   adj. of or relating to or practicing dermatology
  • dermatomes
  • dermatomyositis   noun myositis characterized by weakness of limb and neck muscles and much muscle pain and selling accompanied by skin rash affecting cheeks and eyelids and neck and chest and limbs; progression and severity vary among individuals
  • dermatophytosis   noun fungal infection of the skin (especially of moist parts covered by clothing)
  • desferal
  • desferrioxamine
  • designation   noun the act of designating or identifying something; the act of putting a person into a non elective position;  identifying word or words by which someone or something is called and classified or distinguished from others
  • destruction   noun the termination of something by causing so much damage to it that it cannot be repaired or no longer exists;  an event (or the result of an event) that completely destroys something; a final state
  • detachment   noun the act of releasing from an attachment or connection;  a small unit of troops of special composition;  coming apart;  avoiding emotional involvement;  the state of being isolated or detached
  • detachments
  • detection   noun the act of detecting something; catching sight of something;  a police investigation to determine the perpetrator;  the perception that something has occurred or some state exists;  the detection that a signal is being received
  • detention   noun a punishment in which a student must stay at school after others have gone home;  a state of being confined (usually for a short time)
  • detoxification   noun treatment for poisoning by neutralizing the toxic properties (normally a function of the liver);  a treatment for addiction to drugs or alcohol intended to remove the physiological effects of the addictive substances
  • detoxification of
  • development   noun act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining;  (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated;  a recent event that has some relevance for the present situation;  a district that has been developed to serve some purpose;  processing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible;  a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage);  a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess);  the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful;  (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • developmental   adj. of or relating to or constituting development
  • developmental milestone in childhood
  • device   noun any clever maneuver;  an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose;  an emblematic design (especially in heraldry); any ornamental pattern or design (as in embroidery);  something in an artistic work designed to achieve a particular effect
  • devices   noun an inclination or desire; used in the plural in the phrase `left to your own devices'
  • dextrose   noun an isomer of glucose that is found in honey and sweet fruits
  • dhf
  • dhf dengue haemorrhagic fever
  • diabetes   noun any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
  • diabetes insipidus   noun a rare form of diabetes resulting from a deficiency of vasopressin (the pituitary hormone that regulates the kidneys); characterized by the chronic excretion of large amounts of pale dilute urine which results in dehydration and extreme thirst
  • diabetes mellitus   noun diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  • diabetic   adj. suffering from diabetes;  of or relating to or causing diabetes;  noun someone who has diabetes
  • diabetic coma   noun coma that can develop in inadequately treated cases of diabetes mellitus
  • diabetic ketoacidosis
  • diagnosis   noun identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • diagnosis failure
  • diagnostic   adj. characteristic or indicative of e.g. a disease; concerned with diagnosis; used for furthering diagnosis
  • diagnostic peritoneal
  • diagram   noun a drawing intended to explain how something works; a drawing showing the relation between the parts;  verb make a schematic or technical drawing of that shows how things work or how they are constructed
  • diagram inside back cover
  • diagram inside front cover
  • dialysis   noun separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes
  • dialysis complications
  • diamorphine
  • diaper   noun garment consisting of a folded cloth drawn up between the legs and fastened at the waist; worn by infants to catch excrement;  a fabric (usually cotton or linen) with a distinctive woven pattern of small repeated figures
  • diaper dermatitis   noun dermatitis of the thighs and buttocks of infants; supposedly caused by ammonia in the urine in the child's diapers
  • diaper rash   noun dermatitis of the thighs and buttocks of infants; supposedly caused by ammonia in the urine in the child's diapers
  • diaphoresis   noun the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
  • diaphragm   noun a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of aperture of the lens;  electro acoustic transducer that vibrates to receive or produce sound waves;  a contraceptive device consisting of a flexible dome shaped cup made of rubber or plastic; it is filled with spermicide and fitted over the uterine cervix; (anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities; functions in respiration
  • diaphragmatic
  • diaphragmatic trauma
  • diaphragmatic trauma for
  • diaphysis   noun the main (mid) section of a long bone
  • diarrhea   noun frequent and watery bowel movements; can be a symptom of infection or food poisoning or colitis or a gastrointestinal tumor
  • diarrhea from
  • diarrhoea   noun frequent and watery bowel movements; can be a symptom of infection or food poisoning or colitis or a gastrointestinal tumor
  • diastolic   adj. of or relating to a diastole or happening during a diastole
  • diastolic heart failure
  • diazepam   noun a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning
  • dic
  • dic disseminated intravascular coagulation
  • diclofenac
  • did
  • die   noun a device used for shaping metal;  a cutting tool that is fitted into a diestock and used for cutting male (external) screw threads on screws or bolts or pipes or rods;  small cubes with 1 to 6 spots on the faces; used to generate random numbers;  verb suffer spiritual death; be damned (in the religious sense);  disappear or come to an end;  pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life;  lose sparkle or bouquet;  to be on base at the end of an inning, of a player;  cut or shape with a die;  be brought to or as if to the point of death by an intense emotion such as embarrassment, amusement, or shame;  languish as with love or desire;  feel indifferent towards;  suffer or face the pain of death;  stop operating or functioning
  • differential   adj. relating to or showing a difference;  involving or containing one or more derivatives;  noun a quality that differentiates between similar things;  a bevel gear that permits rotation of two shafts at different speeds; used on the rear axle of automobiles to allow wheels to rotate at different speeds on curves;  the result of mathematical differentiation; the instantaneous change of one quantity relative to another; df(x)/dx
  • diffi
  • difficile
  • diffuse   adj. spread out; not concentrated in one place;  lacking conciseness;  (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected;  verb move outward;  cause to become widely known; spread or diffuse through
  • diffuse brain dysfunction
  • digibind
  • digit   noun a finger or toe in human beings or corresponding body part in other vertebrates;  one of the elements that collectively form a system of numeration;  the length of breadth of a finger used as a linear measure
  • digital   adj. of a circuit or device that represents magnitudes in digits;  relating to or performed with the fingers;  displaying numbers rather than scale positions
  • digital nerve
  • digitalis   noun a powerful cardiac stimulant obtained from foxglove; any of several plants of the genus Digitalis
  • digitalis effects
  • digitorum
  • digoxin   noun digitalis preparation (trade name Lanoxin) used to treat congestive heart failure or cardiac arrhythmia; helps the heart beat more forcefully
  • digoxin poisoning
  • digoxin poisoning and
  • dilated   adj. made wider or larger in all dimensions
  • dilated cardiomyopathy
  • dilation   noun the act of expanding an aperture;  a lengthy discussion (spoken or written) on a particular topic
  • diltiazem   noun a calcium blocker (trade name Cardizem) used in treating hypertension or angina or heart failure
  • dimercaprol
  • dimercaptosuccinic
  • dimercaptosuccinic acid
  • dioxide   noun an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule
  • diphenhydramine   noun antihistamine (trade name Benadryl) used to treat allergic reactions involving the nasal passages (hay fever) and also to treat motion sickness
  • diphtheria   noun acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae; marked by the formation of a false membrane in the throat and other air passages causing difficulty in breathing
  • diplopia   noun visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects
  • direct   adj. lacking compromising or mitigating elements; exact; direct in spatial dimensions; proceeding without deviation or interruption; straight and short;  (of a current) flowing in one direction only;  extended senses; direct in means or manner or behavior or language or action;  similar in nature or effect or relation to another quantity;  moving from west to east on the celestial sphere; or for planets around the sun in the same direction as the Earth;  having no intervening persons, agents, conditions;  in precisely the same words used by a writer or speaker;  being an immediate result or consequence;  in a straight unbroken line of descent from parent to child;  adv. without deviation;  verb command with authority;  give directions to; point somebody into a certain direction;  guide the actors in (plays and films);  be in charge of;  plan and direct (a complex undertaking);  specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public;  put an address on (an envelope);  intend (something) to move towards a certain goal;  aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment;  lead, as in the performance of a composition;  direct the course; determine the direction of travelling;  cause to go somewhere;  take somebody somewhere
  • disability   noun the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
  • disability assessment see neurological
  • disaster   noun an act that has disastrous consequences;  an event resulting in great loss and misfortune;  a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune
  • disc   noun a flat circular plate;  (computer science) a memory device consisting of a flat disk covered with a magnetic coating on which information is stored;  sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove;  something with a round shape like a flat circular plate
  • discharge   noun the act of discharging a gun;  the act of venting; the sudden giving off of energy;  the pouring forth of a fluid;  electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field;  any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body;  a substance that is emitted or released;  a formal written statement of relinquishment;  the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart);  verb eliminate (substances) from the body; release from military service;  pour forth or release;  remove the charge from;  become empty or void of its content;  pronounce not guilty of criminal charges;  cause to go off;  go off or discharge;  leave or unload, especially of passengers or cargo;  free from obligations or duties;  complete or carry out
  • discharge against medical advice
  • discharge of elderly
  • disclosure   noun the speech act of making something evident
  • disclosure in public
  • discontinuing
  • disease   noun an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • diseases
  • disk   noun a flat circular plate;  something with a round shape like a flat circular plate;  (computer science) a memory device consisting of a flat disk covered with a magnetic coating on which information is stored;  sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove;  verb draw a harrow over (land)
  • dislike   noun a feeling of aversion or antipathy;  an inclination to withhold approval from some person or group;  verb have or feel a dislike or distaste for
  • dislocation   noun the act of disrupting an established order so it fails to continue;  an event that results in a displacement or discontinuity;  a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position (as in the shoulder or the vertebral column)
  • dislocations
  • disorder   noun a disturbance of the peace or of public order; condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning;  a condition in which things are not in their expected places;  verb bring disorder to;  disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
  • disorders
  • disorders see hyperkalaemia
  • dissection   noun cutting so as to separate into pieces;  detailed critical analysis or examination one part at a time (as of a literary work);  a minute and critical analysis
  • disseminated
  • disseminated intravascular
  • dissociation   noun the act of removing from association; (chemistry) the temporary or reversible process in which a molecule or ion is broken down into smaller molecules or ions;  a state in which some integrated part of a person's life becomes separated from the rest of the personality and functions independently
  • distal   adj. situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone;  directed away from the midline or mesial plane of the body
  • distal phalangeal
  • distension   noun the act of expanding by pressure from within;  the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions
  • distraction   noun the act of distracting; drawing someone's attention away from something;  mental turmoil;  an obstacle to attention;  an entertainment that provokes pleased interest and distracts you from worries and vexations
  • distress   noun the seizure and holding of property as security for payment of a debt or satisfaction of a claim;  psychological suffering; extreme physical pain;  a state of adversity (danger or affliction or need);  verb cause mental pain to
  • distribution   noun the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning;  the commercial activity of transporting and selling goods from a producer to a consumer;  the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume;  (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
  • distributive   adj. serving to distribute or allot or disperse
  • distributive shock   noun shock caused by poor distribution of the blood flow
  • disturbances
  • disulfiram   noun a drug (trade name Antabuse) used in the treatment of alcoholism; causes nausea and vomiting if alcohol is ingested
  • disulfiram reaction
  • diverticular
  • diverticulitis   noun inflammation of a diverticulum in the digestive tract (especially the colon); characterized by painful abdominal cramping and fever and constipation
  • diverticulosis   noun presence of multiple diverticula in the walls of the colon
  • diverticulum   noun a herniation through the muscular wall of a tubular organ (especially the colon)
  • diving   noun an athletic competition that involves diving into water; a headlong plunge into water
  • diving accidents
  • diving reflex
  • dizziness   noun a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
  • dka
  • dka diabetic ketoacidosis
  • dl   noun a metric unit of volume equal to one tenth of a liter
  • dm   noun a metric unit of length equal to one tenth of a meter; diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  • dmsa
  • dna   noun (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information
  • dna deoxyribonucleic acid
  • dnw
  • dnw did not wait
  • dobutamine
  • doctor   noun children take the roles of physician or patient or nurse and pretend they are at the physician's office;  a licensed medical practitioner;  a person who holds Ph.D. degree (or the equivalent) from an academic institution;  (Roman Catholic Church) a title conferred on 33 saints who distinguished themselves through the orthodoxy of their theological teaching;  verb give medical treatment to;  restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken;  alter and make impure, as with the intention to deceive
  • doctors
  • documentation   noun documentary validation;  confirmation that some fact or statement is true;  program listings or technical manuals describing the operation and use of programs
  • documentation see notes
  • dog   noun a member of the genus Canis (probably descended from the common wolf) that has been domesticated by man since prehistoric times; occurs in many breeds;  informal term for a man; metal supports for logs in a fireplace;  a hinged catch that fits into a notch of a ratchet to move a wheel forward or prevent it from moving backward;  a smooth textured sausage of minced beef or pork usually smoked; often served on a bread roll;  someone who is morally reprehensible;  a dull unattractive unpleasant girl or woman; verb go after with the intent to catch
  • dog bite   noun a bite inflicted by a dog
  • dog bite wound
  • dogs
  • dolens
  • domestic   adj. produced in a particular country;  of concern to or concerning the internal affairs of a nation;  of or involving the home or family;  converted or adapted to domestic use;  of or relating to the home;  noun a servant who is paid to perform menial tasks around the household
  • domestic violence   noun violence or physical abuse directed toward your spouse or domestic partner; usually violence by men against women
  • donahue
  • donation   noun act of giving in common with others for a common purpose especially to a charity;  a voluntary gift (as of money or service or ideas) made to some worthwhile cause
  • dopamine   noun a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
  • dorsal   adj. belonging to or on or near the back or upper surface of an animal or organ or part;  facing away from the axis of an organ or organism
  • dorsal barton
  • dorsal cord syndrome
  • dose   noun a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time; the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time;  street name for lysergic acid diethylamide;  a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact;  verb treat with an agent; add (an agent) to;  administer a drug to
  • doses
  • dot   noun the shorter of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code;  street name for lysergic acid diethylamide;  the United States federal department that institutes and coordinates national transportation programs; created in 1966;  a very small circular shape;  verb mark with a dot;  make a dot or dots;  scatter or intersperse like dots or studs;  distribute loosely
  • douloureux
  • down   adj. not functioning (temporarily or permanently);  shut; understood perfectly;  being put out by a strikeout;  extending or moving from a higher to a lower place;  becoming progressively lower;  being or moving lower in position or less in some value;  low in spirits;  lower than previously;  adv. spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position;  away from a more central or a more northerly place;  paid in cash at time of purchase;  in an inactive or inoperative state;  to a lower intensity;  from an earlier time;  noun(American football) a complete play to advance the football;  soft fine feathers;  fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs);  (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil;  English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828 1896);  verb bring down or defeat (an opponent);  cause to come or go down;  shoot at and force to come down;  improve or perfect by pruning or polishing;  eat immoderately;  drink down entirely
  • dpl
  • dpl diagnostic peritoneal lavage
  • dr
  • dr laurence errington
  • drain   noun emptying something accomplished by allowing liquid to run out of it;  a gradual depletion of energy or resources;  a pipe through which liquid is carried away;  tube inserted into a body cavity (as during surgery) to remove unwanted material;  verb empty of liquid; drain the liquid from;  deplete of resources;  flow off gradually; make weak
  • dressings
  • dressler
  • drill   noun (military) the training of soldiers to march (as in ceremonial parades) or to perform the manual of arms;  similar to the mandrill but smaller and less brightly colored;  a tool with a sharp point and cutting edges for making holes in hard materials (usually rotating rapidly or by repeated blows);  systematic training by multiple repetitions;  verb train in the military, e.g., in the use of weapons; undergo military training or do military exercises;  learn by repetition; teach by repetition;  make a hole with a pointed power or hand tool
  • drive   noun the act of applying force to propel something;  a journey in a vehicle (usually an automobile);  the act of driving a herd of animals overland;  (sports) a hard straight return (as in tennis or squash);  hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver;  a wide scenic road planted with trees;  a mechanism by which force or power is transmitted in a machine;  (computer science) a device that writes data onto or reads data from a storage medium;  the trait of being highly motivated;  a physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire;  a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end;  a road leading up to a private house;  verbmove into a desired direction of discourse;  hunting: chase from cover into more open ground;  hunting: search for game;  cause to function by supplying the force or power for or by controlling; excavate horizontally;  hit very hard and straight with the bat swinging more or less vertically;  strike with a driver, as in teeing off; cause to move rapidly by striking or throwing with force;  push, propel, or press with force;  compel somebody to do something, often against his own will or judgment;  travel or be transported in a vehicle;  proceed along in a vehicle;  operate or control a vehicle; urge forward;  cause someone or something to move by driving; move by being propelled by a force;  work as a driver;  to compel or force or urge relentlessly or exert coercive pressure on, or motivate strongly;  have certain properties when driven;  cause to move back by force or influence;  force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;  strive and make an effort to reach a goal
  • driving   adj. having the power of driving or impelling;  acting with vigor;  noun the act of controlling and steering the movement of a vehicle or animal;  hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver
  • drowning
  • drug   noun a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic;  verbadminister a drug to;  use recreational drugs
  • drug abuse   noun excessive use of drugs
  • drug administration via
  • drug induced
  • drug induced disorders
  • drug of abuse   noun a drug that is taken for nonmedicinal reasons (usually for mind altering effects); drug abuse can lead to physical and mental damage and (with some substances) dependence and addiction
  • drug withdrawal   noun the termination of drug taking
  • drugs
  • drugs and alcohol
  • dry   adj. practicing complete abstinence from alcoholic beverages; lacking warmth or emotional involvement;  having a large proportion of strong liquor;  without a mucous or watery discharge;  humorously sarcastic or mocking;  (of food) eaten without a spread or sauce or other garnish;  having no adornment or coloration;  unproductive especially of the expected results;  used of solid substances in contrast with liquid ones;  lacking interest or stimulation; dull and lifeless;  (of liquor) having a low residual sugar content because of decomposition of sugar during fermentation;  not shedding tears;  free from liquid or moisture; lacking natural or normal moisture or depleted of water; or no longer wet;  not producing milk;  opposed to or prohibiting the production and sale of alcoholic beverages;  lacking moisture or volatile components;  noun a reformer who opposes the use of intoxicating beverages;  verb remove the moisture from and make dry;  become dry or drier
  • dss
  • du
  • du duodenal ulcer
  • dub   verb provide (movies) with a soundtrack of a foreign language; give a nickname to;  raise (someone) to knighthood
  • ductus
  • due   adj. owed and payable immediately or on demand;  suitable to or expected in the circumstances;  scheduled to arrive;  adv. directly or exactly; straight;  noun that which is deserved or owed;  a payment that is due (e.g., as the price of membership)
  • duodenal   adj. in or relating to the duodenum
  • duodenal trauma
  • dupuytren
  • duration   noun continuance in time;  the property of enduring or continuing in time;  the period of time during which something continues
  • dvt
  • dvt deep vein thrombosis
  • dysbarism
  • dysfunction   noun (medicine) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
  • dysfunctional   adj. (of a trait or condition) failing to serve an adjustive purpose;  impaired in function; especially of a bodily system or organ
  • dysfunctional uterine bleeding
  • dysgenesis   noun infertility between hybrids
  • dysphagia   noun condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful
  • dyspnea   noun difficult or labored respiration
  • dyspnea scale
  • dyspnoea   noun difficult or labored respiration
  • dyspnoea see breathlessness
  • dysrhythmias
  • dystocia
  • dystonia
  • dystonic
  • dystonic reaction
  • e   noun the 5th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282...;  the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees;  a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons;  a fat soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • ear   noun the sense organ for hearing and equilibrium;  good hearing;  attention to what is said;  fruiting spike of a cereal plant especially corn;  the externally visible cartilaginous structure of the external ear
  • ear foreign body
  • ear see ear
  • earache   noun an ache localized in the middle or inner ear
  • eardrum   noun the membrane in the ear that vibrates to sound
  • early   adj. at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time;  being or occurring at an early stage of development;  of an early stage in the development of a language or literature;  very young;  belonging to the distant past; expected in the near future;  adv. before the usual time or the time expected;  in good time;  during an early stage
  • eas   noun a federal warning system that is activated by FEMA; enables the President to take over the United States airwaves to warn the whole country of major catastrophic events
  • eating   noun the act of consuming food
  • eating disorder   noun a disorder of the normal eating routine
  • ebola   noun a severe and often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) caused by the Ebola virus; characterized by high fever and severe internal bleeding; can be spread from person to person; is largely limited to Africa
  • ebstein
  • ebstein anomaly
  • ebv   noun the herpes virus that causes infectious mononucleosis; associated with specific cancers in Africa and China
  • ebv epstein
  • ecchymosis   noun the escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels into the surrounding tissue to form a purple or black and blue spot on the skin;  the purple or black and blue area resulting from a bruise
  • ecg   noun a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • ecg electrocardiogram
  • ecg see electrocardiogram
  • edema   noun swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • edh
  • edrophonium
  • edta
  • eeg   noun a graphical record of electrical activity of the brain; produced by an electroencephalograph
  • eeg electroencephalograph
  • efficacy   noun capacity or power to produce a desired effect
  • effusion   noun flow under pressure;  an unrestrained expression of emotion
  • egd
  • ehrlichiosis
  • ehs
  • ehs exertion heat stroke
  • eisenmenger
  • eisenmenger syndrome
  • elapid   noun any of numerous venomous fanged snakes of warmer parts of both hemispheres
  • elapid snake venom
  • elbow   noun the joint of a mammal or bird that corresponds to the human elbow;  the part of a sleeve that covers the elbow joint;  a sharp bend in a road or river;  a length of pipe with a sharp bend in it; hinge joint between the forearm and upper arm and the corresponding joint in the forelimb of a quadruped;  verb shove one's elbow into another person's ribs;  push one's way with the elbows
  • elbow dislocation
  • elbow injuries
  • eld   noun a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises;  a late time of life
  • elder   adj. used of the older of two persons of the same name especially used to distinguish a father from his son;  noun a person who is older than you are;  any of various church officers;  any of numerous shrubs or small trees of temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere having white flowers and berrylike fruit
  • elder abuse
  • elderly   adj. advanced in years; (`aged' is pronounced as two syllables);  noun people who are old collectively
  • elderly patient
  • electric   adj. affected by emotion as if by electricity; thrilling;  (of a situation) exceptionally tense;  using or providing or producing or transmitting or operated by electricity;  noun a car that is powered by electricity
  • electrical   adj. relating to or concerned with electricity;  using or providing or producing or transmitting or operated by electricity
  • electrical activity
  • electrical burns
  • electrical injury
  • electrical trauma
  • electrocardiogram   noun a graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph
  • electrocution   noun killing by electric shock;  execution by electricity
  • electroencephalograph   noun medical instrument that records electric currents generated by the brain
  • electrolyte   noun a solution that conducts electricity
  • electrolyte abnormalities
  • electrolyte disorders
  • electrolytes
  • electromechanical   adj. of or relating to or involving an electrically operated mechanical device
  • electromechanical dissociation
  • electrophysiologic
  • electrophysiologic effects of
  • elevation   noun drawing of an exterior of a structure;  (ballet) the height of a dancer's leap or jump;  distance of something above a reference point (such as sea level);  the event of something being raised upward;  angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object);  the act of increasing the wealth or prestige or power or scope of something;  a raised or elevated geological formation;  the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
  • elfts
  • elfts electrolytes and liver function tests
  • elimination   noun the murder of a competitor;  the act of removing or getting rid of something;  the act of removing an unknown mathematical quantity by combining equations;  analysis of a problem into alternative possibilities followed by the systematic rejection of unacceptable alternatives;  the bodily process of discharging waste matter
  • em   noun a linear unit (1/6 inch) used in printing;  the square of a body of any size of type
  • embolism   noun occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus (a loose clot or air bubble or other particle);  an insertion into a calendar
  • embolism in pulmonary
  • embolus   noun an abnormal particle (e.g. an air bubble or part of a clot) circulating in the blood
  • emd
  • emd electromechanical dissociation
  • emergencies
  • emergency   noun a sudden unforeseen crisis (usually involving danger) that requires immediate action;  a state in which martial law applies;  a brake operated by hand; usually operates by mechanical linkage
  • emesis   noun the reflex act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • emesis see vomiting
  • emla
  • emotional   adj. of more than usual emotion;  determined or actuated by emotion rather than reason;  of or pertaining to emotion; (of persons) excessively affected by emotion;  extravagantly demonstrative
  • emotional abuse
  • emphysema   noun an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
  • emst
  • emst early management of severe trauma
  • emulsion   noun a light sensitive coating on paper or film; consists of fine grains of silver bromide suspended in a gelatin;  (chemistry) a colloid in which both phases are liquids
  • en   noun half the width of an em
  • enamel   noun any smooth glossy coating that resembles ceramic glaze;  a paint that dries to a hard glossy finish;  hard white substance covering the crown of a tooth;  a colored glassy compound (opaque or partially opaque) that is fused to the surface of metal or glass or pottery for decoration or protection;  verb coat, inlay, or surface with enamel
  • encephalitides
  • encephalitis   noun inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)
  • encephalitis from
  • encephalopathy   noun any disorder or disease of the brain
  • end tidal
  • endocarditis   noun inflammation of the endocardium and heart valves
  • endocarditis from
  • endocrine   adj. of or belonging to endocrine glands or their secretions;  noun any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream;  the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • endocrine disorders
  • endolymphatic
  • endolymphatic hydrops
  • endometriosis   noun the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea
  • endometritis   noun inflammation of the lining of the uterus (of the endometrium)
  • endoscopy   noun visual examination of the interior of a hollow body organ by use of an endoscope
  • endotracheal
  • enema   noun injection of a liquid through the anus to stimulate evacuation; sometimes used for diagnostic purposes
  • energy   noun an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing); enterprising or ambitious drive;  forceful exertion;  (physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work; the units of energy are joules or ergs;  a healthy capacity for vigorous activity;  the federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States; created in 1977
  • enfl
  • ent
  • ent ear
  • entamoeba
  • entamoeba histolytica
  • enteric   adj. of or relating to the enteron;  of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • enteritis   noun inflammation of the intestine (especially the small intestine); usually characterized by diarrhea
  • enterotoxigenic
  • entonox
  • entrapment   noun a defense that claims the defendant would not have broken the law if not tricked into doing it by law enforcement officials
  • entries
  • envenomation
  • environmental   adj. concerned with the ecological effects of altering the environment;  of or relating to the external conditions or surroundings
  • environmental factors in
  • enzyme   noun any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
  • enzymes
  • eosinophils
  • epeu
  • epeu early pregnancy evaluation unit
  • epicondylar
  • epicondyles
  • epicondylitis   noun painful inflammation of the muscles and soft tissues around an epicondyle
  • epidemic   adj. (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously;  noun a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time
  • epidemiology   noun the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
  • epidermal   adj. of or relating to a cuticle or cuticula
  • epidermidis
  • epidermis   noun the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates
  • epididymitis   noun painful inflammation of the epididymis
  • epididymo orchitis
  • epididymoorchitis
  • epidural   adj. on or outside the dura mater;  noun regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord; sensation is lost in the abdominal and genital and pelvic areas; used in childbirth and gynecological surgery
  • epidural abscess
  • epidural abscess from
  • epidural hematoma
  • epigastric   adj. lying on or over the stomach;  of or relating to the anterior walls of the abdomen
  • epigastric pain
  • epiglottitis   noun inflammation of the epiglottis; characterized by fever and a severe sore throat and difficulty in swallowing
  • epilepsy   noun a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
  • epilepticus
  • epinephrine   noun a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • epinephrine see adrenaline
  • epiphyseal   adj. relating to the epiphysis of a bone
  • epiphyseal injuries
  • epiphyseal injury
  • epiphysis   noun the end of a long bone; initially separated from the main bone by a layer of cartilage that eventually ossifies so the parts become fused;  a small endocrine gland in the brain; situated beneath the back part of the corpus callosum; secretes melatonin
  • epiploic
  • episcleritis   noun inflammation of the sclera of the eye
  • episiotomy   noun surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth
  • episodic   adj. limited in duration to a single episode;  occurring or appearing at usually irregular intervals;  of writing or narration; divided into or composed of episodes
  • episodic vestibular syndrome
  • equipment   noun an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service
  • erd
  • erecta
  • ergometrine
  • ergotamine   noun an alkaloid derived from ergot that is less toxic than ergot; causes constriction of blood vessels and is used to treat migraine
  • erosion   noun (geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding something down (as by particles washing over it);  a gradual decline of something;  condition in which the earth's surface is worn away by the action of water and wind;  erosion by chemical action
  • erosions
  • erpc
  • erpc evacuation of retained products of conception
  • errington
  • errors
  • eruption   noun the emergence of a tooth as it breaks through the gum;  (of volcanos) pouring out fumes of lava (or a deposit so formed);  symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible;  a sudden very loud noise;  a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence (usually of some undesirable condition);  the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge of steam and volcanic material
  • erysipelas   noun an acute streptococcal infection characterized by deep red inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes
  • erythema   noun abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)
  • erythema infectiosum
  • erythema marginatum
  • erythema multiforme   noun a red rash caused by hypersensitivity to a drug or disease or other allergen
  • erythema multiforme from
  • erythema nodosum   noun skin condition characterized by tender red nodules on the shins and legs
  • erythematosus
  • erythematous   adj. relating to or characterized by erythema
  • erythematous rashes
  • erythrocyte   noun a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the bodily tissues; a biconcave disc that has no nucleus
  • erythrocyte sedimentation rate females
  • erythrocytes
  • erythrocytes females
  • erythrodermic
  • erythrodermic psoriasis
  • es   noun a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons
  • es urea and electrolytes
  • escharotomy
  • escherichia   noun a genus of enteric bacteria
  • escherichia coli   noun a species of bacterium normally present in intestinal tract of humans and other animals; sometimes pathogenic; can be a threat to food safety
  • esophageal   adj. relating to the esophagus
  • esophageal foreign body
  • esophageal trauma
  • esophagus   noun the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • esr   noun microwave spectroscopy in which there is resonant absorption of radiation by a paramagnet;  the rate at which red blood cells settle out in a tube of blood under standardized conditions; a high rate usually indicates the presence of inflammation
  • esr erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  • esr xviii
  • essex   noun a county in southeastern England on the North Sea and the Thames estuary
  • est   noun standard time in the 5th time zone west of Greenwich, reckoned at the 75th meridian; used in the eastern United States
  • est exercise stress test
  • estimation   noun a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody;  an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth;  the respect with which a person is held;  a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation)
  • estrogen   noun a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
  • et
  • et endotracheal
  • ethanol   noun the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors; used pure or denatured as a solvent or in medicines and colognes and cleaning solutions and rocket fuel; proposed as a renewable clean burning additive to gasoline
  • ethanol reaction
  • ethanol see alcohol
  • ethanol toxicity
  • ethmoid   noun one of the eight bones of the cranium; a small bone filled with air spaces that forms part of the eye sockets and the nasal cavity
  • ethmoid sinusitis
  • ethyl   noun the univalent hydrocarbon radical C2H5 derived from ethane by the removal of one hydrogen atom
  • ethylene   noun a flammable colorless gaseous alkene; obtained from petroleum and natural gas and used in manufacturing many other chemicals; sometimes used as an anesthetic
  • ethylene glycol   noun a sweet but poisonous syrupy liquid used as an antifreeze and solvent
  • ethylene glycol poisoning
  • etomidate
  • euvolemia
  • evacuation   noun the act of evacuating; leaving a place in an orderly fashion; especially for protection;  the act of removing the contents of something;  the bodily process of discharging waste matter
  • evaluation   noun act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of; an appraisal of the value of something
  • evans   noun British archaeologist who excavated the palace of Knossos in Crete to find what he called Minoan civilization (1851 1941);  United States anatomist who identified four pituitary hormones and discovered vitamin E (1882 1971)
  • evans syndrome
  • event   noun something that happens at a given place and time;  a phenomenon located at a single point in space time; the fundamental observational entity in relativity theory;  a special set of circumstances;  a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
  • events
  • events preceding
  • eversion   noun the position of being turned outward;  the act of turning inside out
  • evs
  • examination   noun the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes);  the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned;  a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge;  a detailed inspection of your conscience (as done daily by Jesuits);  formal systematic questioning
  • exanthem   noun eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
  • exanthem subitum
  • exanthematous
  • excellence   noun the quality of excelling; possessing good qualities in high degree;  an outstanding feature; something in which something or someone excels
  • excess   adj. more than is needed, desired, or required;  nounimmoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits;  a quantity much larger than is needed;  excessive indulgence;  the state of being more than full
  • exclusion   noun the state of being excluded;  the act of forcing out someone or something;  a deliberate act of omission;  the state of being excommunicated
  • excretion   noun the bodily process of discharging waste matter; waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
  • exercise   noun the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit;  a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding;  systematic training by multiple repetitions; (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches; the act of using;  verb do physical exercise;  give a workout to;  learn by repetition;  put to use;  carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
  • exertion   noun use of physical or mental energy; hard work
  • exertional
  • exertional heat stroke
  • exhaustion   noun the act of exhausting something entirely; extreme fatigue;  serious weakening and loss of energy
  • exor
  • expiratory   adj. of or relating to the breathing out phase of respiration
  • exploration   noun to travel for the purpose of discovery;  a careful systematic search;  a systematic consideration
  • exposure   noun the act of subjecting someone to an influencing experience;  abandoning without shelter or protection (as by leaving as infant out in the open);  presentation to view in an open or public manner;  the act of exposing film to light;  vulnerability to the elements; to the action of heat or cold or wind or rain;  aspect re light or wind;  the disclosure of something secret;  the intensity of light falling on a photographic film or plate;  a picture of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera on light sensitive material;  the state of being vulnerable or exposed
  • extensor   noun a skeletal muscle whose contraction extends or stretches a body part
  • extensor tendon
  • extensor tendon injuries
  • externa
  • external   adj. happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface;  purely outward or superficial;  from or between other countries;  coming from the outside;  noun outward features
  • external cardiac
  • external disaster
  • external ear   noun the part of the ear visible externally
  • external ear abscess
  • external ear chondritis
  • external massage see chest
  • extraglottic devices
  • extrahepatic
  • extrahepatic obstruction
  • extrasystole   noun a premature systole resulting in a momentary cardiac arrhythmia
  • extremity   noun an external body part that projects from the body; that part of a limb that is farthest from the torso;  the outermost or farthest region or point;  the greatest or utmost degree;  an extreme condition or state (especially of adversity or disease)
  • extremity trauma
  • extubation
  • exudative
  • exudative effusion
  • exudative retinal detachments
  • eye   noun a small hole or loop (as in a needle);  the organ of sight; good discernment (either visually or as if visually);  attention to what is seen;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region;  verb look at
  • eye opener   noun something surprising and revealing;  an alcoholic drink intended to wake one up early in the morning
  • eye signs
  • eyebrow   noun the arch of hair above each eye
  • eyelid   noun either of two folds of skin that can be moved to cover or open the eye
  • eyelids
  • eyes   noun opinion or judgment
  • f   noun the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates;  a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature;  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • fabricated   adj. formed or conceived by the imagination
  • face   noun a vertical surface of a building or cliff;  the side upon which the use of a thing depends (usually the most prominent surface of an object);  the striking or working surface of an implement;  the general outward appearance of something;  status in the eyes of others;  the front of the human head from the forehead to the chin and ear to ear;  the part of an animal corresponding to the human face;  a part of a person that is used to refer to a person;  the feelings expressed on a person's face;  impudent aggressiveness;  a specific size and style of type within a type family;  a contorted facial expression;  a surface forming part of the outside of an object;  verbcover the front or surface of;  line the edge (of a garment) with a different material;  turn so as to face; turn the face in a certain direction;  turn so as to expose the face;  be opposite;  deal with (something unpleasant) head on;  present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize;  oppose, as in hostility or a competition; be oriented in a certain direction, often with respect to another reference point; be opposite to
  • facial   adj. of or pertaining to the outside surface of an object;  of or concerning the face;  noun care for the face that usually involves cleansing and massage and the application of cosmetic creams; cranial nerve that supplies facial muscles
  • facial cellulitis
  • facial fractures
  • facial nerve palsy
  • facial see facial injuries
  • factitious   adj. not produced by natural forces
  • factor   noun an independent variable in statistics;  anything that contributes causally to a result;  any of the numbers (or symbols) that form a product when multiplied together;  (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity;  an abstract part of something;  a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission;  one of two or more integers that can be exactly divided into another integer;  verb resolve into factors
  • factor viii and xi deficiency
  • failed   adj. unable to meet financial obligations
  • failure   noun an unexpected omission;  an act that fails;  an event that does not accomplish its intended purpose;  a person with a record of failing; someone who loses consistently;  loss of ability to function normally;  lack of success;  inability to discharge all your debts as they come due
  • failure see shock
  • failure to thrive
  • fainting
  • fainting see syncope
  • falciparum
  • fall   noun a lapse into sin; a loss of innocence or of chastity;  a movement downward;  a sudden decline in strength or number or importance;  when a wrestler's shoulders are forced to the mat;  the lapse of mankind into sinfulness because of the sin of Adam and Eve;  the season when the leaves fall from the trees;  the act of surrendering (under agreed conditions);  a sudden drop from an upright position;  a sudden sharp decrease in some quantity;  a free and rapid descent by the force of gravity;  a downward slope or bend;  the time of day immediately following sunset;  verb pass suddenly and passively into a state of body or mind;  come as if by falling;  go as if by falling;  occur at a specified time or place;  begin vigorously;  be born, used chiefly of lambs;  come out; issue;  be cast down;  assume a disappointed or sad expression;  descend in free fall under the influence of gravity;  drop oneself to a lower or less erect position;  lose an upright position suddenly;  slope downward; move in a specified direction;  be inherited by;  fall to somebody by assignment or lot;  be captured;  to be given by assignment or distribution;  to be given by right or inheritance;  lose office or power; suffer defeat, failure, or ruin;  yield to temptation or sin;  lose one's chastity;  touch or seem as if touching visually or audibly;  die, as in battle or in a hunt;  be due;  come under, be classified or included; decrease in size, extent, or range;  fall or flow in a certain way;  move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way;  come into the possession of;  fall from clouds
  • fall on outstretched hand
  • fallot   noun French physician who described cardiac anomalies including Fallot's tetralogy (1850 1911)
  • falls   noun the petals or sepals of a flower that bend downward (especially the outer perianth of an iris);  a steep descent of the water of a river
  • falls causing
  • false   adj. (used especially of persons) not dependable in devotion or affection; unfaithful;  arising from error;  inaccurate in pitch; designed to deceive;  deliberately deceptive;  not in accordance with the fact or reality or actuality;  erroneous and usually accidental; adopted in order to deceive;  not genuine or real; being an imitation of the genuine article;  inappropriate to reality or facts;  adv. in a disloyal and faithless manner
  • false labor   noun painless contractions of the muscles of the uterus that continue throughout pregnancy with increasing frequency
  • fascicular
  • fasciitis
  • fast   adj. acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly;  at a rapid tempo;  (used of timepieces) indicating a time ahead of or later than the correct time;  securely fixed in place;  resistant to destruction or fading;  (of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds; unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause;  hurried and brief; unrestrained by convention or morality;  firmly fastened or secured against opening;  adv. quickly or rapidly (often used as a combining form);  firmly or tightly;  noun abstaining from food;  verb abstain from eating;  abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons
  • fast focused assessment by sonography for trauma
  • fast scan
  • fasting   noun abstaining from food
  • fat pad
  • fatal   adj. controlled or decreed by fate; predetermined;  bringing death;  having momentous consequences; of decisive importance; (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin
  • fatigue   noun (always used with a modifier) boredom resulting from overexposure to something;  temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work;  used of materials (especially metals) in a weakened state caused by long stress;  labor of a nonmilitary kind done by soldiers (cleaning or digging or draining or so on);  verb exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress;  get tired of something or somebody
  • fb
  • fbc
  • fbc full blood count
  • features
  • febrile   adj. of or relating to or characterized by fever
  • febrile patient see fever
  • febrile seizures
  • feeding   noun the act of supplying food and nourishment;  the act of consuming food
  • feeding diffi culties
  • feeding intolerance
  • feeding problems
  • feeding tube and
  • feet
  • feet see foot
  • felon   noun a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail;  someone who has committed (or been legally convicted of) a crime
  • females
  • femoral   adj. of or relating to or near the femur or thigh
  • femoral neck
  • femoral shaft
  • femoral vein   noun a vein that accompanies the femoral artery in the same sheath; a continuation of the popliteal vein; becomes the external iliac vein
  • femur   noun the longest and thickest bone of the human skeleton; extends from the pelvis to the knee
  • femur fracture
  • fentanyl   noun trade names of a narcotic analgesic that can be inhaled and that acts on the central nervous system and may become addictive; used as a veterinary anesthetic and with other drugs before, during, and after surgery; also used as a nonlethal gas to incapacitate people in hostage situations; also abused as a recreational drug
  • ferritin   noun a protein containing 20% iron that is found in the intestines and liver and spleen; it is one of the chief forms in which iron is stored in the body
  • ferritin females
  • fetal   adj. of or relating to a fetus
  • fetal distress   noun an abnormal condition of a fetus; usually discovered during pregnancy and characterized by an abnormal heart rhythm
  • fever   noun intense nervous anticipation;  a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection
  • fever of unknown origin
  • fevers
  • fgren
  • fgren syndrome
  • fi
  • fi bula
  • fi ght bites
  • fi ngers
  • fi shhooks
  • fi ts see convulsions
  • fibrillation   noun act or process of forming fibrils;  muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination
  • fibrinolytic
  • fibrinolytic therapy
  • fibrocystic
  • fibrocystic breast changes
  • fibromyalgia
  • fibrosis   noun development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
  • fibular
  • fibular fractures
  • fibular shaft fracture
  • fifth   adj. coming next after the fourth and just before the sixth in position;  noun the musical interval between one note and another five notes away from it;  a quantity of liquor equal to one fifth of a United States gallon;  position five in a countable series of things; one part in five equal parts
  • fifth disease
  • figurate
  • figurate erythema
  • filtration   noun the act of changing a fluid by passing it through a filter;  the process whereby fluids pass through a filter or a filtering medium
  • finger   noun one of the parts of a glove that provides covering for a finger or thumb;  any of the terminal members of the hand (sometimes excepting the thumb);  the length of breadth of a finger used as a linear measure;  verb indicate the fingering for the playing of musical scores for keyboard instruments;  feel or handle with the fingers;  search for on the computer;  examine by touch
  • fingers
  • fire   noun the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy;  a fireplace in which a relatively small fire is burning;  intense adverse criticism;  the event of something burning (often destructive);  a severe trial;  the process of combustion of inflammable materials producing heat and light and (often) smoke;  once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles);  feelings of great warmth and intensity;  verb bake in a kiln so as to harden; cause to go off;  go off or discharge;  drive out or away by or as if by fire;  terminate the employment of;  destroy by fire;  start firing a weapon;  call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses);  provide with fuel
  • firearms
  • first   adj. being the gear producing the lowest drive speed;  ranking above all others;  preceding all others in time or space or degree; highest in pitch or chief among parts or voices or instruments or orchestra sections;  indicating the beginning unit in a series;  serving to begin;  serving to set in motion;  adv. before anything else;  the initial time;  before another in time, space, or importance; prominently forward;  noun an honours degree of the highest class; the first element in a countable series;  the first or highest in an ordering or series;  the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed at first of the bases in the infield (counting counterclockwise from home plate);  the lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle; used to start a car moving;  the time at which something is supposed to begin
  • first aid   noun emergency care given before regular medical aid can be obtained
  • fiscal   adj. involving financial matters
  • fish   noun any of various mostly cold blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills;  the flesh of fish used as food;  the twelfth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about February 19 to March 20;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Pisces;  verb catch or try to catch fish or shellfish;  seek indirectly
  • fissure   noun (anatomy) a long narrow slit or groove that divides an organ into lobes;  a long narrow opening;  a long narrow depression in a surface;  verb break into fissures or fine cracks
  • fistula   noun an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface;  a chronic inflammation of the withers of a horse
  • fits
  • fl   noun a state in southeastern United States between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
  • flags
  • flail   noun an implement consisting of handle with a free swinging stick at the end; used in manual threshing;  verb move like a flail; thresh about;  give a thrashing to; beat hard
  • flail chest
  • flash   adj. tastelessly showy;  noun a lamp for providing momentary light to take a photograph;  a bright patch of color used for decoration or identification;  a momentary brightness;  a sudden brilliant understanding;  a short vivid experience;  a sudden intense burst of radiant energy;  a short news announcement concerning some on going news story;  a burst of light used to communicate or illuminate; a gaudy outward display;  a very short time (as the time it takes the eye blink or the heart to beat);  verb appear briefly;  emit a brief burst of light;  make known or cause to appear with great speed;  protect by covering with a thin sheet of metal;  expose or show briefly;  gleam or glow intermittently;  run or move very quickly or hastily;  display proudly; act ostentatiously or pretentiously
  • flavivirus   noun animal viruses belonging to the family Flaviviridae
  • flexion   noun act of bending a joint; especially a joint between the bones of a limb so that the angle between them is decreased; deviation from a straight or normal course;  the state of being flexed (as of a joint)
  • flexion compression fracture
  • flexion injuries
  • flexion teardrop
  • flexion teardrop fracture
  • flexor   noun a skeletal muscle whose contraction bends a joint
  • flexor digitorum profundus injuries
  • flexor digitorum superficialis injuries
  • flexor tendons of hand
  • flexor tenosynovitis
  • flexural
  • floor   noun the inside lower horizontal surface (as of a room or hallway);  a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale;  a large room in a stock exchange where the trading is done;  the legislative hall where members debate and vote and conduct other business;  the parliamentary right to address an assembly;  a lower limit;  the occupants of a floor;  the bottom surface of any a cave or lake etc.;  the ground on which people and animals move about;  verb knock down with force; surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off
  • flow   noun the act of flowing or streaming; continuous progression; the motion characteristic of fluids (liquids or gases);  any uninterrupted stream or discharge;  the amount of fluid that flows in a given time;  dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas;  the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause; something that resembles a flowing stream in moving continuously; verb cover or swamp with water;  move or progress freely as if in a stream;  cause to flow;  be abundantly present;  undergo menstruation;  fall or flow in a certain way;  move along, of liquids
  • flu   noun an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  • fluid   adj. subject to change; variable;  affording change (especially in social status);  in cash or easily convertible to cash;  characteristic of a fluid; capable of flowing and easily changing shape;  smooth and unconstrained in movement;  noun a continuous amorphous substance that tends to flow and to conform to the outline of its container: a liquid or a gas;  a substance that is fluid at room temperature and pressure
  • fluid loss
  • fluid replacement
  • flukes
  • flumazenil
  • fluorescein   noun a yellow dye that is visible even when highly diluted; used as an absorption indicator when silver nitrate solution is added to sodium chloride in order to precipitate silver chloride (turns pink when no chloride ions are left in solution and negative fluorescein ions are then absorbed)
  • fluorosis   noun a pathological condition resulting for an excessive intake of fluorine (usually from drinking water)
  • flutter   noun abnormally rapid beating of the auricles of the heart (especially in a regular rhythm); can result in heart block;  the act of moving back and forth;  the motion made by flapping up and down;  a disorderly outburst or tumult;  verb flag the wings rapidly or fly with flapping movements;  wink briefly;  move back and forth very rapidly; beat rapidly;  move along rapidly and lightly; skim or dart
  • focal   adj. having or localized centrally at a focus;  of or relating to a focus
  • focus   noun maximum clarity or distinctness of an image rendered by an optical system;  maximum clarity or distinctness of an idea;  the concentration of attention or energy on something;  a fixed reference point on the concave side of a conic section;  a point of convergence of light (or other radiation) or a point from which it diverges;  a central point or locus of an infection in an organism;  special emphasis attached to something;  verb put (an image) into focus;  become focussed or come into focus;  cause to converge on or toward a central point;  direct one's attention on something;  bring into focus or alignment; to converge or cause to converge; of ideas or emotions
  • focused   adj. of an optical system (e.g. eye or opera glasses) adjusted to produce a clear image;  (of light rays) converging on a point;  being in focus or brought into focus;  concentrated on or clustered around a central point or purpose
  • focused abdominal
  • focused assessment by sonography
  • focused assessment by sonography for
  • folate   noun a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
  • folate red cell
  • follow up   noun a subsequent examination of a patient for the purpose of monitoring earlier treatment;  an activity that continues something that has already begun or that repeats something that has already been done;  a piece of work that exploits or builds on earlier work
  • following   adj. about to be mentioned or specified;  immediately following in time or order;  going or proceeding or coming after in the same direction;  in the desired direction;  noun a group of followers or enthusiasts;  the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture
  • fomepizole
  • fomepizole toxicity
  • food   noun any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue;  anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking;  any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
  • food bolus
  • food borne
  • food borne botulism
  • foosh
  • foot   noun travel by walking;  any of various organs of locomotion or attachment in invertebrates;  a support resembling a pedal extremity; the part of the leg of a human being below the ankle joint;  the lower part of anything;  a member of a surveillance team who works on foot or rides as a passenger;  a linear unit of length equal to 12 inches or a third of a yard;  the pedal extremity of vertebrates other than human beings;  lowest support of a structure;  (prosody) a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm;  an army unit consisting of soldiers who fight on foot;  verb add a column of numbers;  walk;  pay for something
  • foot fracture
  • for
  • for burns
  • for cardiac arrest
  • for trauma
  • for wounds
  • for x rays
  • forced   adj. made necessary by an unexpected situation or emergency;  forced or compelled;  produced by or subjected to forcing;  lacking spontaneity; not natural
  • forearm   noun the part of the superior limb between the elbow and the wrist;  verb arm in advance of a confrontation
  • forearm and wrist flexor injuries
  • forearm fracture
  • forearm tenosynovitis
  • forehead   noun the large cranial bone forming the front part of the cranium: includes the upper part of the orbits;  the part of the face above the eyes
  • foreign   adj. relating to or originating in or characteristic of another place or part of the world;  of concern to or concerning the affairs of other nations (other than your own);  not contained in or deriving from the essential nature of something;  not belonging to that in which it is contained; introduced from an outside source
  • foreign bodies
  • foreign body
  • foreign body see foreign body
  • foreign travel
  • forensic   adj. of, relating to, or used in courts of law or public debate or argument
  • forensic examination
  • foreskin   noun a fold of skin covering the tip of the penis;  a fold of skin covering the tip of the clitoris
  • formula   noun a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement;  a conventionalized statement expressing some fundamental principle;  a representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements;  a liquid food for infants; something regarded as a normative example;  (mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems; directions for making something
  • formulae
  • formulary   adj. of or relating to or of the nature of a formula;  noun(pharmacology) a book containing a compilation of pharmaceutical products with their formulas and methods of preparation
  • fort   noun a fortified defensive structure;  a fortified military post where troops are stationed;  verb station (troops) in a fort;  gather in, or as if in, a fort, as for protection or defense;  enclose by or as if by a fortification
  • fossa   noun largest carnivore of Madagascar; intermediate in some respects between cats and civets;  monotypic genus of Madagascar civets closely related to palm civets;  a concavity in a surface (especially an anatomical depression)
  • four   adj. being one more than three;  noun the cardinal number that is the sum of three and one
  • four times daily
  • fournier
  • fournier gangrene
  • fractional   adj. constituting or comprising a part or fraction of a possible whole or entirety
  • fracture   noun the act of cracking something;  breaking of hard tissue such as bone;  (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other;  verbfracture a bone of;  break (a bone);  become fractured;  violate or abuse;  break into pieces;  interrupt, break, or destroy
  • fractures
  • fragmentation   noun the scattering of bomb fragments after the bomb explodes;  (computer science) the condition of a file that is broken up and stored in many different locations on a magnetic disk; the disintegration of social norms governing behavior and thought and social relationships;  separating something into fine particles
  • free   adj. not literal;  unconstrained or not chemically bound in a molecule or not fixed and capable of relatively unrestricted motion; able to act at will; not hampered; not under compulsion or restraint; not held in servitude;  not occupied or in use;  not fixed in position; not taken up by scheduled activities;  costing nothing;  adv. without restraint;  noun people who are free;  verb free or remove obstruction from;  grant freedom to; free from confinement;  free from obligations or duties;  make (information) available publication;  make (assets) available;  let off the hook;  remove or force out from a position;  part with a possession or right;  relieve from;  grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to
  • friction   noun effort expended in moving one object over another with pressure;  the resistance encountered when one body is moved in contact with another;  a state of conflict between persons
  • friction burns
  • from
  • from height
  • from lightning injuries
  • from staphylococcus aureus
  • frostbite   noun destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
  • frozen   adj. not convertible to cash;  turned into ice; affected by freezing or by long and severe cold;  not thawed;  absolutely still; incapable of being changed or moved or undone; e.g. "frozen prices";  (used of foods) preserved by freezing sufficiently rapidly to retain flavor and nutritional value;  devoid of warmth and cordiality; expressive of unfriendliness or disdain
  • frozen shoulder
  • frusemide
  • fts
  • fugax
  • full   adj. having the normally expected amount;  complete in extent or degree and in every particular;  containing as much or as many as is possible or normal;  (of sound) having marked depth and body; filled to satisfaction with food or drink;  having ample fabric; constituting the full quantity or extent; complete;  being at a peak or culminating point;  adv. to the greatest degree or extent; completely or entirely; (`full' in this sense is used as a combining form);  nounthe time when the moon is fully illuminated;  verb make (a garment) fuller by pleating or gathering;  beat for the purpose of cleaning and thickening;  increase in phase
  • full thickness
  • fulvius
  • function   noun the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group;  what something is used for;  a formal or official social gathering or ceremony;  a relation such that one thing is dependent on another;  a mathematical relation such that each element of one set is associated with at least one element of another set;  a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program;  a vaguely specified social event;  verb perform as expected when applied;  perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function;  serve a purpose, role, or function
  • functional   adj. designed for or capable of a particular function or use;  involving or affecting function rather than physiology;  designed for or adapted to a function or use;  fit or ready for use or service; relating to or based on function especially as opposed to structure; (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing
  • functional dysphagia
  • functional hypoadrenalism
  • fundoscopy
  • fungal   adj. of or relating to fungi
  • funnel web   noun a funnel shaped spider web; the funnel web spider perches in the center of the web
  • funny   adj. experiencing odd bodily sensations;  beyond or deviating from the usual or expected;  arousing or provoking laughter;  not as expected;  noun an account of an amusing incident (usually with a punch line)
  • funny turns in
  • fuo
  • furosemide   noun commonly used diuretic (trade name Lasix) used to treat hypertension and edema
  • furosemide see frusemide
  • furunculosis   noun acute skin disease characterized by the presence of many furuncles
  • fussy   adj. exacting especially about details;  perversely irritable; overcrowded or cluttered with detail
  • fussy infant
  • g   noun the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated;  (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation;  a unit of information equal to one billion (1,073,741,824) bytes or 1024 megabytes;  a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
  • g obstetrics and gynaecology
  • galeazzi
  • galeazzi fracture
  • galerina
  • galerina marginata poisoning
  • gallstones
  • gamekeeper   noun a person employed to take care of game and wildlife
  • gammahydroxybutyrate
  • gangrene   noun necrotic tissue; a mortified or gangrenous part or mass;  the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply);  verb undergo necrosis
  • gap   noun a narrow opening;  a conspicuous disparity or difference as between two figures;  a difference (especially an unfortunate difference) between two opinions or two views or two situations;  an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity;  a pass between mountain peaks;  an open or empty space in or between things;  verbmake an opening or gap in
  • garden   noun a plot of ground where plants are cultivated;  a yard or lawn adjoining a house;  the flowers or vegetables or fruits or herbs that are cultivated in a garden;  verb work in the garden
  • gas   noun the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily; and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container; a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely;  a pedal that controls the throttle valve;  a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal;  a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal combustion engines;  a fossil fuel in the gaseous state; used for cooking and heating homes;  verb attack with gas; subject to gas fumes;  show off
  • gas analysis see arterial blood gas
  • gas embolism in pulmonary
  • gases
  • gastric   adj. relating to or involving the stomach
  • gastric decontamination
  • gastric distension
  • gastric outlet obstruction
  • gastric volvulus
  • gastritis   noun inflammation of the lining of the stomach; nausea and loss of appetite and discomfort after eating
  • gastroenteritis   noun inflammation of the stomach and intestines; can be caused by Salmonella enteritidis
  • gastroenteritis from
  • gastroesophageal   adj. of or relating to or involving the stomach and esophagus
  • gastroesophageal reflux   noun reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus
  • gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • gastrointestinal   adj. of or relating to the stomach and intestines
  • gastrointestinal bleeding
  • gastrointestinal haemorrhage
  • gastrointestinal tract   noun tubular passage of mucous membrane and muscle extending about 8.3 meters from mouth to anus; functions in digestion and elimination
  • gbh
  • gc   noun 1,000,000,000 periods per second
  • gc tenosynovitis
  • gca   noun aircraft landing in bad weather in which the pilot is talked down by ground control using precision approach radar
  • gcs
  • gcs glasgow coma scale
  • gel   noun a colloid in a more solid form than a sol;  a thin translucent membrane used over stage lights for color effects;  verb become a gel;  apply a styling gel to
  • general   adj. prevailing among and common to the general public; not specialized or limited to one class of things;  applying to all or most members of a category or group;  of national scope;  affecting the entire body;  somewhat indefinite;  of worldwide scope or applicability;  noun a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular); a general officer of the highest rank;  the head of a religious order or congregation;  verb command as a general
  • general practitioner   noun a physician who is not a specialist but treats all illnesses
  • generalised   adj. spread throughout a body or system;  not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
  • generalised convulsive status epilepticus
  • generalized   adj. spread throughout a body or system;  not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
  • generalized tonic
  • genetics   noun the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
  • genital   adj. of or relating to the external sex organs
  • genital ulcers
  • ger
  • gerd
  • geriatric   adj. of or relating to or practicing geriatrics;  of or relating to the aged
  • geriatric trauma
  • german   adj. of or pertaining to or characteristic of Germany or its people or language;  of a more or less German nature; somewhat German;  noun the standard German language; developed historically from West Germanic;  a person of German nationality
  • gestational   adj. of or relating to gestation
  • gestational hypertension
  • gestational trophoblastic
  • gfr
  • gfr glomerular filtration rate
  • ggt females
  • gh
  • ghb   noun a club drug available in liquid or powder form is taken orally (frequently combined with alcohol); used to incapacitate individuals for the commission of sexual assault and rape
  • ghb poisoning
  • ght
  • gi   adj. of or relating to the stomach and intestines;  noun a unit of magnetomotive force equal to 0.7958 ampere turns;  verb clean in preparation for inspection
  • gi gastrointestinal
  • giant   adj. of great mass; huge and bulky;  noun any creature of exceptional size;  an unusually large enterprise;  an imaginary figure of superhuman size and strength; appears in folklore and fair tales; someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful;  a very large person; impressive in size or qualities;  a very bright star of large diameter and low density (relative to the Sun);  a person of exceptional importance and reputation
  • giant cell
  • giant cell arteritis
  • giardia   noun a suspected cause of diarrhea in humans
  • giardia lamblia
  • giardiasis   noun infection of the intestines with protozoa found in contaminated food and water; characterized by diarrhea and nausea and flatulence and abdominal discomfort
  • gingivitis   noun inflammation of the gums
  • gitelan
  • gitelan syndrome
  • gland   noun any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
  • glandular   adj. relating to or affecting or functioning as a gland
  • glandular fever   noun an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
  • glasgow   noun largest city in Scotland; a port on the Clyde in west central Scotland; one of the great shipbuilding centers of the world
  • glasgow coma
  • glasgow coma scale
  • glaucoma   noun increased pressure in the eyeball due to obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor; damages the optic disc and impairs vision (sometimes progressing to blindness)
  • global   adj. involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope;  having the shape of a sphere or ball
  • globe   noun a sphere on which a map (especially of the earth) is represented;  the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on;  an object with a spherical shape
  • globe rupture
  • globulin   noun a family of proteins found in blood and milk and muscle and in plant seed
  • glomerular   adj. of or relating to glomeruli
  • glomerulonephritis   noun nephritis marked by inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney; characterized by decreased production of urine and by the presence of blood and protein in the urine and by edema
  • glossary   noun an alphabetical list of technical terms in some specialized field of knowledge; usually published as an appendix to a text on that field
  • glucagon   noun a hormone secreted by the pancreas; stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)
  • glucagon toxicity
  • gluconate
  • glucose   noun a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • glucose administration
  • glucose fasting
  • glucose toxicity
  • glue   noun cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive;  verb be fixed as if by glue;  join or attach with or as if with glue
  • glutamyl
  • glutamyl transpeptidase
  • glyceryl   noun a trivalent radical derived from glycerol by removing the three hydroxyl radicals
  • glyceryl trinitrate   noun a heavy yellow poisonous oily explosive liquid obtained by nitrating glycerol; used in making explosives and medically as a vasodilator (trade names Nitrospan and Nitrostat)
  • glycol   noun any of a class of alcohols having 2 hydroxyl groups in each molecule;  a sweet but poisonous syrupy liquid used as an antifreeze and solvent
  • glycoprotein   noun a conjugated protein having a carbohydrate component
  • glycoprotein iia inhibitors
  • glycoprotein iib inhibitors
  • going   adj. in full operation;  noun advancing toward a goal;  act of departing;  euphemistic expressions for death
  • gold   adj. made from or covered with gold;  having the deep slightly brownish color of gold;  noun something likened to the metal in brightness or preciousness or superiority etc.;  great wealth;  coins made of gold;  a soft yellow malleable ductile (trivalent and univalent) metallic element; occurs mainly as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits; does not react with most chemicals but is attacked by chlorine and aqua regia;  a deep yellow color
  • gold guidelines
  • golfer   noun someone who plays the game of golf
  • gonadotrophin   noun hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta; stimulates the gonads and controls reproductive activity
  • gonadotropin   noun hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta; stimulates the gonads and controls reproductive activity
  • gondii
  • gonococcal
  • gonococcal disease
  • gonococcal pharyngitis
  • gonorrhoea   noun a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; symptoms are painful urination and pain around the urethra
  • gout   noun a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
  • gouty   adj. suffering from gout
  • gp   noun a physician who is not a specialist but treats all illnesses
  • gp general practitioner
  • gps   noun a navigational system involving satellites and computers that can determine the latitude and longitude of a receiver on Earth by computing the time difference for signals from different satellites to reach the receiver
  • grades
  • grades of
  • gradient   noun the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the horizontal;  a graded change in the magnitude of some physical quantity or dimension
  • grading   noun changing the ground level to a smooth horizontal or gently sloping surface;  evaluation of performance by assigning a grade or score;  the act of arranging in a graduated series
  • grading of
  • graft   noun the act of grafting something onto something else; (surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient;  the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage;  verb cause to grow together parts from different plants; place the organ of a donor into the body of a recipient
  • graft versus host
  • graft versus host disease
  • granulocytic   adj. of or relating to granulocytes
  • granulocytopenia   noun an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes
  • granulomatous   adj. relating to or characterized by granulomas
  • graves   noun English writer known for his interest in mythology and in the classics (1895 1985)
  • gravidarum
  • gravidity   noun technical terms for pregnancy
  • gravis
  • grease   noun a thick fatty oil (especially one used to lubricate machinery);  the state of being covered with unclean things;  verblubricate with grease
  • great   adj. of major significance or importance;  relatively large in size or number or extent; larger than others of its kind;  remarkable or out of the ordinary in degree or magnitude or effect;  in an advanced stage of pregnancy;  marked by active interest and enthusiasm;  very good;  uppercase;  noun a person who has achieved distinction and honor in some field
  • greenstick
  • greenstick fracture   noun a partial fracture of a bone (usually in children); the bone is bent but broken on only one side
  • groin   noun the crease at the junction of the inner part of the thigh with the trunk together with the adjacent region and often including the external genitals;  a protective structure of stone or concrete; extends from shore into the water to prevent a beach from washing away;  verb build with groins
  • group   noun any number of entities (members) considered as a unit;  a set that is closed, associative, has an identity element and every element has an inverse;  (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule;  verbarrange into a group or groups;  form a group or group together
  • group a   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the A antigen
  • groups
  • growth   noun vegetation that has grown;  something grown or growing;  (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level; a progression from simpler to more complex forms;  (pathology) an abnormal proliferation of tissue (as in a tumor);  the gradual beginning or coming forth;  a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important
  • gtn
  • gtn glyceryl trinitrate
  • gtn intravenous
  • gu   adj. of or related to the genital and urinary organs or their functions;  noun the largest and southernmost island in the Marianas which is administered as a territory of the United States; it was ceded by Spain to the United States in 1898
  • gu gastric ulcer
  • guidelines
  • guillain barr
  • guilty   adj. showing a sense of guilt;  responsible for or chargeable with a reprehensible act; or marked by guilt
  • gun   noun the discharge of a firearm as signal or as a salute in military ceremonies;  a weapon that discharges a missile at high velocity (especially from a metal tube or barrel);  a pedal that controls the throttle valve;  large but transportable armament;  a hand operated pump that resembles a revolver; forces grease into parts of a machine;  a professional killer who uses a gun;  a person who shoots a gun (as regards their ability);  verb shoot with a gun
  • gunn
  • gunshot   noun the act of shooting a gun
  • guttate
  • guttate psoriasis
  • gynaecological   adj. of or relating to or practicing gynecology
  • gynaecology   noun the branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and hygiene of women
  • h   noun the 8th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure;  the constant of proportionality relating the energy of a photon to its frequency; approximately 6.626 x 10^ 34 joule second;  a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second;  a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • h hour
  • haart   noun a combination of protease inhibitors taken with reverse transcriptase inhibitors; used in treating AIDS and HIV
  • haart highly active anti retroviral therapy
  • hae
  • haemarthrosis
  • haematemesis   noun vomiting blood
  • haematocrit   noun a measuring instrument to determine (usually by centrifugation) the relative amounts of corpuscles and plasma in the blood;  the ratio of the volume occupied by packed red blood cells to the volume of the whole blood as measured by a hematocrit
  • haematology   noun the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood and blood forming organs
  • haematoma   noun a localized swelling filled with blood
  • haematuria   noun the presence of blood in the urine; often a symptom of urinary tract disease
  • haemodialysis   noun dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream; used in the case of kidney failure
  • haemodialysis problems
  • haemodynamic
  • haemodynamic instability in ruptured
  • haemoglobin   noun a hemoprotein composed of globin and heme that gives red blood cells their characteristic color; function primarily to transport oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues
  • haemoglobin females
  • haemolysis   noun lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
  • haemolytic   adj. relating to or involving or causing hemolysis
  • haemolytic uraemic
  • haemophilia   noun congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males and is transmitted from mother to son
  • haemophilias
  • haemophilus
  • haemophilus influenzae
  • haemoptysis   noun coughing up blood from the respiratory tract; usually indicates a severe infection of the bronchi or lungs
  • haemorrhage   noun flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
  • haemorrhage control
  • haemorrhagic   adj. of or relating to a hemorrhage
  • haemorrhoids
  • haemostasis   noun surgical procedure of stopping the flow of blood (as with a hemostat)
  • haemothorax   noun accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest)
  • haemotoxic
  • haemotoxic effects of elapid snake venom
  • hallucinations
  • hallucinogen   noun a psychoactive drug that induces hallucinations or altered sensory experiences
  • hallucinogen poisoning
  • hallucinogenic   adj. capable of producing hallucinations
  • hallucinogenic toxidrome
  • haloperidol   noun tranquilizer (trade name Haldol) used to treat some psychotic disorders and Tourette's syndrome
  • halothane   noun a nonflammable inhalation anesthetic that produces general anesthesia; used along with analgesics and muscle relaxants for many types of surgical procedures
  • hamate   noun the wrist bone in line with the 4th and 5th fingers
  • hamman
  • hamman crunch
  • hand   noun physical assistance;  terminal part of the forelimb in certain vertebrates (e.g. apes or kangaroos);  a rotating pointer on the face of a timepiece;  the (prehensile) extremity of the superior limb;  ability;  one of two sides of an issue;  a round of applause to signify approval;  the cards held in a card game by a given player at any given time;  a position given by its location to the side of an object;  a member of the crew of a ship;  a unit of length equal to 4 inches; used in measuring horses;  something written by hand;  a card player in a game of bridge;  a hired laborer on a farm or ranch; verb guide or conduct or usher somewhere;  place into the hands or custody of
  • hand arm
  • hand arm vibration syndrome
  • hand tendinitis
  • hand tenosynovitis
  • handling   noun the action of touching with the hands (or the skillful use of the hands) or by the use of mechanical means;  manual (or mechanical) carrying or moving or delivering or working with something;  the management of someone or something
  • handover   noun act of relinquishing property or authority etc
  • hanging   adj. supported from above;  noun a form of capital punishment; victim is suspended by the neck from a gallows or gibbet until dead;  decoration that is hung (as a tapestry) on a wall or over a window;  the act of suspending something (hanging it from above so it moves freely)
  • hangman   noun an executioner who hangs the condemned person
  • hansen
  • hap   noun an accidental happening;  verb come to pass
  • harm   noun the act of damaging something or someone;  the occurrence of a change for the worse;  any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.;  verb cause or do harm to
  • harris   noun publisher of the first newspaper printed in America (1673 1713);  British marshal of the Royal Air Force; during World War II he directed mass bombing raids against German cities that resulted in heavy civilian casualties (1892 1984);  Irish writer noted for his sexually explicit but unreliable autobiography (1856 1931); United States diplomat who was instrumental in opening Japan to foreign trade (1804 1878)
  • harris classification
  • harris type fractures
  • hartmann
  • hawkin
  • hazchem
  • hazmat   noun an abbreviation for `hazardous material' used on warning signs
  • hb   noun a hemoprotein composed of globin and heme that gives red blood cells their characteristic color; function primarily to transport oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues
  • hb haemoglobin
  • hbig
  • hbig hepatitis b immune globulin
  • hbo
  • hbo hyperbaric oxygen
  • hbsag
  • hbsag hepatitis b surface antigen
  • hcap
  • hcg   noun hormone produced early in pregnancy by the placenta; detection in the urine and serum is the basis for one kind of pregnancy test
  • hcg human chorionic gonadotrophin
  • hcm
  • hct
  • hct haematocrit
  • hd
  • hdl   noun a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of a high proportion of protein and relatively little cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with decreased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis
  • hdl high density lipoprotein
  • hdu
  • hdu high dependency unit
  • head   noun a single domestic animal;  a projection out from one end;  (nautical) a toilet on board a boat or ship;  the striking part of a tool;  (usually plural) the obverse side of a coin that usually bears the representation of a person's head;  that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone that it moves;  the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains;  the rounded end of a bone that bits into a rounded cavity in another bone to form a joint;  (grammar) the word in a grammatical constituent that plays the same grammatical role as the whole constituent;  the front of a military formation or procession;  the top of something;  the foam or froth that accumulates at the top when you pour an effervescent liquid into a container;  a rounded compact mass;  a user of (usually soft) drugs;  a person who is in charge;  an individual person;  the pressure exerted by a fluid;  the length or height based on the size of a human or animal head;  the tip of an abscess (where the pus accumulates);  oral stimulation of the genitals;  a membrane that is stretched taut over a drum;  (computer science) a tiny electromagnetic coil and metal pole used to write and read magnetic patterns on a disk;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about;  the subject matter at issue;  a V shaped mark at one end of an arrow pointer; forward movement;  a difficult juncture;  the source of water from which a stream arises;  the part in the front or nearest the viewer;  a natural elevation (especially a rocky one that juts out into the sea); the educator who has executive authority for a school;  a dense clusters of flowers or foliage;  verb remove the head of;  to go or travel towards;  be in charge of;  form a head or come or grow to a head;  be in the front of or on top of;  be the first or leading member of (a group) and excel;  take its rise;  direct the course; determine the direction of travelling;  travel in front of; go in advance of others
  • head see head injury
  • head trauma
  • headache   noun pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs;  something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness
  • health   noun the general condition of body and mind;  a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
  • health care associated pneumonia
  • hearing   adj. able to perceive sound;  noun (law) a proceeding (usually by a court) where evidence is taken for the purpose of determining an issue of fact and reaching a decision based on that evidence;  the ability to hear; the auditory faculty;  a session (of a committee or grand jury) in which witnesses are called and testimony is taken;  an opportunity to state your case and be heard; the act of hearing attentively;  the range within which a voice can be heard
  • heart   noun a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it;  an inclination or tendency of a certain kind;  the courage to carry on;  the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body;  the locus of feelings and intuitions;  a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal);  a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  a positive feeling of liking;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region
  • heart blocks
  • heart failure   noun inability of the heart to pump enough blood to sustain normal bodily functions
  • heart murmur   noun an abnormal sound of the heart; sometimes a sign of abnormal function of the heart valves
  • heart rates
  • heat   noun the trait of being intensely emotional;  the sensation caused by heat energy;  a preliminary race in which the winner advances to a more important race;  a form of energy that is transferred by a difference in temperature;  utility to warm a building; the presence of heat;  applies to nonhuman mammals: a state or period of heightened sexual arousal and activity;  verb make hot or hotter;  gain heat or get hot;  provide with heat;  arouse or excite feelings and passions
  • heat cramps
  • heat edema
  • heat exhaustion   noun a condition marked by dizziness and nausea and weakness caused by depletion of body fluids and electrolytes
  • heat loss leading to
  • heat loss see hypothermia
  • heat syncope
  • heerfordt
  • height   noun the vertical dimension of extension; distance from the base of something to the top;  (of a standing person) the distance from head to foot;  elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface;  the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
  • heimlich
  • helicopter   noun an aircraft without wings that obtains its lift from the rotation of overhead blades
  • helicopters
  • hellp
  • hellp haemolysis
  • hellp syndrome
  • helminths
  • helping   noun an individual quantity of food or drink taken as part of a meal
  • hematochezia   noun passage of stools containing blood (as from diverticulosis or colon cancer or peptic ulcer)
  • hematoma   noun a localized swelling filled with blood
  • hematuria   noun the presence of blood in the urine; often a symptom of urinary tract disease
  • hemolysis   noun lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
  • hemolytic   adj. relating to or involving or causing hemolysis
  • hemolytic streptococcus
  • hemophilia   noun congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males and is transmitted from mother to son
  • hemoptysis   noun coughing up blood from the respiratory tract; usually indicates a severe infection of the bronchi or lungs
  • hemorrhage   noun flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels; verb lose blood from one's body
  • hemorrhagic   adj. of or relating to a hemorrhage
  • hemorrhagic diverticulosis
  • hemorrhagic fevers
  • hemorrhagic shock
  • hemorrhoid   noun pain caused by venous swelling at or inside the anal sphincter
  • hemothorax   noun accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest)
  • henoch
  • henoch sch
  • henry   noun United States physicist who studied electromagnetic phenomena (1791 1878);  a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736 1799);  English chemist who studied the quantities of gas absorbed by water at different temperatures and under different pressures (1775 1836);  a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second
  • henry law
  • heparin   noun a polysaccharide produced in basophils (especially in the lung and liver) and that inhibits the activity of thrombin in coagulation of the blood; it (trade names Lipo Hepin and Liquaemin) is used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis and in heart surgery
  • hepatic   adj. pertaining to or affecting the liver;  noun any of numerous small green nonvascular plants of the class Hepaticopsida growing in wet places and resembling green seaweeds or leafy mosses
  • hepatic encephalopathy
  • hepatic injury
  • hepatitis   noun inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
  • hepatopulmonary
  • hepatopulmonary syndrome
  • hepatorenal failure
  • hepatorenal syndrome
  • hereditary   adj. inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent;  tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
  • hereditary angioedema
  • hernia   noun rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
  • hernias
  • herniated
  • herniated disc   noun a painful rupture of the fibrocartilage of the disc between spinal vertebrae; occurs most often in the lumbar region
  • herniation   noun rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
  • heroin   noun a narcotic that is considered a hard drug; a highly addictive morphine derivative; intravenous injection provides the fastest and most intense rush
  • herpes   noun any of the animal viruses that cause painful blisters on the skin;  viral diseases causing eruptions of the skin or mucous membrane
  • herpes simplex   noun a herpes virus that affects the skin and nervous system;  an infection caused by the herpes simples virus; affects the skin and nervous system; produces small temporary (but sometimes painful) blisters on the skin and mucous membranes
  • herpes simplex virus   noun a herpes virus that affects the skin and nervous system
  • herpes zoster   noun a herpes virus that causes shingles;  eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
  • herpes zoster see shingles
  • herpetiform
  • herpetiform aphthous ulcers
  • hess   noun United States physicist (born in Austria) who was a discoverer of cosmic radiation (1883 1964);  Nazi leader who in 1941 flew a solo flight to Scotland in an apparent attempt to negotiate a peace treaty with Great Britain but was imprisoned for life (1894 1987);  Swiss physiologist noted for studies of the brain (1881 1973); English pianist (1890 1965)
  • hga
  • hge
  • hhns
  • hhns hyperglycaemic
  • hib
  • hiccups
  • hicks
  • hidradenitis
  • hidradenitis suppurativa
  • high   adj. happy and excited and energetic;  slightly and pleasantly intoxicated from alcohol or a drug (especially marijuana);  (literal meaning) being at or having a relatively great or specific elevation or upward extension (sometimes used in combinations like `knee high');  greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount;  used of sounds and voices; high in pitch or frequency;  (used of the smell of meat) smelling spoiled or tainted;  standing above others in quality or position;  adv. at a great altitude;  far up toward the source;  in or to a high position, amount, or degree;  in a rich manner;  noun a lofty level or position or degree;  a high place;  a state of altered consciousness induced by alcohol or narcotics;  a state of sustained elation;  an air mass of higher than normal pressure;  a forward gear with a gear ratio that gives the greatest vehicle velocity for a given engine speed;  a public secondary school usually including grades 9 through 12
  • high altitude   adj. occurring at or from a relative high altitude
  • high altitude illness
  • high dependency
  • high dose
  • high flow
  • high flow priapism
  • high muzzle
  • high pressure injection
  • high velocity   adj. operating at high speed
  • high voltage   adj. operating on or powered by a high voltage; vigorously energetic or forceful
  • highly   adv. in a high position or level or rank;  to a high degree or extent; favorably or with much respect;  at a high rate or wage
  • hill sachs
  • hip   adj. informed about the latest trends;  noun either side of the body below the waist and above the thigh;  the ball and socket joint between the head of the femur and the acetabulum;  the fruit of a rose plant;  the structure of the vertebrate skeleton supporting the lower limbs in humans and the hind limbs or corresponding parts in other vertebrates
  • hip injury
  • hippel
  • hirschsprung   noun Danish pediatrician (1830 1916)
  • hirschsprung disease
  • histamine   noun amine formed from histidine that stimulates gastric secretions and dilates blood vessels; released by the human immune system during allergic reactions
  • histocytosis
  • histolytica
  • history   noun the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings;  all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge;  a record or narrative description of past events;  the aggregate of past events;  the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future
  • hiv   noun infection by the human immunodeficiency virus;  the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
  • hiv encephalitis
  • hiv human immunodeficiency virus
  • hiv induced
  • hiv induced psoriasis
  • hiv prevention with
  • hiv see human immunodeficiency virus
  • hives   noun an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well defined red margins; usually the result of an allergic response to insect bites or food or drugs
  • hla
  • hla human leucocyte antigen
  • hordeolum   noun an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  • hormone   noun the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • horner
  • horner syndrome
  • horse   noun solid hoofed herbivorous quadruped domesticated since prehistoric times;  a padded gymnastic apparatus on legs;  a chessman shaped to resemble the head of a horse; can move two squares horizontally and one vertically (or vice versa);  a framework for holding wood that is being sawed;  troops trained to fight on horseback;  verb provide with a horse or horses
  • horse rider
  • hospital   noun a health facility where patients receive treatment;  a medical institution where sick or injured people are given medical or surgical care
  • hospital acquired pneumonia
  • hrig
  • hrig human rabies immunoglobulin
  • hsv
  • hsv herpes simplex virus
  • htig
  • htig human tetanus immunoglobulin
  • human   adj. having human form or attributes as opposed to those of animals or divine beings;  characteristic of humanity;  relating to a person;  noun any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
  • human bite
  • human granulocytic anaplasmosis
  • human granulocytic ehrlichiosis
  • human immunodeficiency virus   noun the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
  • human monocytic ehrlichiosis
  • hume   noun Scottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711 1776)
  • humeral
  • humeral fractures
  • humerus   noun bone extending from the shoulder to the elbow
  • humerus fracture
  • hunt   noun the pursuit and killing or capture of wild animals regarded as a sport;  the work of finding and killing or capturing animals for food or pelts;  an instance of searching for something;  an association of huntsmen who hunt for sport;  British writer who defended the romanticism of Keats and Shelley (1784 1859);  United States architect (1827 1895);  Englishman and Pre Raphaelite painter (1827 1910);  the activity of looking thoroughly in order to find something or someone;  verb pursue for food or sport (as of wild animals);  search (an area) for prey;  seek, search for;  oscillate about a desired speed, position, or state to an undesirable extent;  yaw back and forth about a flight path;  chase away, with as with force; pursue or chase relentlessly
  • hunt and hess scale
  • hus   noun Czechoslovakian religious reformer who anticipated the Reformation; he questioned the infallibility of the Catholic Church was excommunicated (1409) for attacking the corruption of the clergy; he was burned at the stake (1372 1415)
  • hus haemolytic uraemic syndrome
  • hutchinson   noun American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591 1643)
  • hutchinson fracture
  • hvs
  • hydatid   noun cyst filled with liquid; forms as a result of infestation by tapeworm larvae (as in echinococcosis)
  • hydatid of morgagni
  • hydatidiform
  • hydatidiform mole   noun an abnormality during pregnancy; chorionic villi around the fetus degenerate and form clusters of fluid filled sacs; usually associated with the death of the fetus
  • hydrocarbon   noun an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
  • hydrocarbon poisoning
  • hydrocarbons
  • hydrocele   noun disorder in which serous fluid accumulates in a body sac (especially in the scrotum)
  • hydrocephalus   noun an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face; in adults the symptoms are primarily neurological
  • hydrocoele
  • hydrofl
  • hydrofl uoric acid
  • hydrofluoric
  • hydrogen   noun a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • hydrophila
  • hydrops   noun swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • hydroxocobalamin
  • hydroxychloroquine   noun anti inflammatory drug (trade name Plaquenil) used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and malaria and lupus erythematosus
  • hygiene   noun the science concerned with the prevention of illness and maintenance of health;  a condition promoting sanitary practices
  • hyperaldosteronism   noun a condition caused by overproduction of aldosterone
  • hyperbaric
  • hyperbaric medicine unit in
  • hyperbaric oxygen therapy
  • hyperbilirubinemia   noun abnormally high amounts of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
  • hypercalcaemia   noun the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease
  • hypercalcemia   noun the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease
  • hypercalcemic
  • hypercalcemic crisis
  • hypercapnia   noun the presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood
  • hypercyanotic
  • hypercyanotic spells
  • hyperemesis   noun severe and excessive vomiting
  • hyperemesis gravidarum   noun hyperemesis during pregnancy; if severe it can result in damage to the brain and liver and kidney
  • hyperextension   noun greater than normal extension
  • hyperextension injury
  • hyperglycaemic
  • hyperkalaemia
  • hyperkalaemic
  • hyperkalemia   noun higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood; associated with kidney failure or sometimes with the use of diuretic drugs
  • hyperleukocytosis
  • hypermagnesaemia
  • hypernatraemia
  • hypernatremia   noun excessive amounts of sodium in the blood; possibly indicating diabetes insipidus
  • hyperosmolar
  • hyperosmolar non ketotic syndrome
  • hyperosmolar syndrome
  • hyperosmolar syndrome in
  • hyperparathyroidism   noun excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; can affect many systems of the body (especially causing bone resorption and osteoporosis)
  • hyperplastic
  • hyperplastic candidiasis
  • hypersensitivity   noun extreme sensitivity;  pathological sensitivity
  • hypertension   noun a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
  • hypertensive   adj. having abnormally high blood pressure;  noun a person who has abnormally high blood pressure
  • hypertensive crisis
  • hypertensive emergencies
  • hyperthermia   noun abnormally high body temperature; sometimes induced (as in treating some forms of cancer)
  • hyperthyroidism   noun an overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones
  • hypertrophic
  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy   noun a disorder in which the heart muscle is so strong that it does not relax enough to fill with the heart with blood and so has reduced pumping ability
  • hyperventilation   noun an increased depth and rate of breathing greater than demanded by the body needs; can cause dizziness and tingling of the fingers and toes and chest pain if continued
  • hyperventilation syndrome
  • hyperviscosity
  • hyperviscosity syndrome
  • hypervolaemic
  • hypervolemic
  • hypervolemic hypernatremia
  • hypnotics toxidrome
  • hypoadrenalism   noun a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
  • hypoalbuminemia
  • hypocalcaemia   noun abnormally low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypoparathyroidism or kidney malfunction or vitamin D deficiency
  • hypocalcemia   noun abnormally low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypoparathyroidism or kidney malfunction or vitamin D deficiency
  • hypocapnia   noun a state in which the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower than normal; can result from deep or rapid breathing
  • hypoglycaemia   noun abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
  • hypoglycemia   noun abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
  • hypoglycemic   adj. of or relating to hypoglycemia
  • hypoglycemic agent   noun any of various agents that decrease the level of glucose in the blood and are used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus
  • hypoglycemic agent poisoning
  • hypokalaemia
  • hypokalemia   noun abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities; associated with adrenal tumors or starvation or taking diuretics
  • hypokalemia in
  • hypomagnesaemia
  • hypomagnesemia
  • hypomania
  • hypomania in
  • hyponatraemia
  • hyponatremia   noun abnormally low level of sodium in the blood; associated with dehydration
  • hyponatremia with
  • hypoparathyroidism   noun inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
  • hypotension   noun abnormally low blood pressure
  • hypothalamic   adj. of or relating to the hypothalamus
  • hypothalamic diabetes insipidus
  • hypothermia   noun subnormal body temperature
  • hypothyroidism   noun an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
  • hypovolaemia   noun a blood disorder consisting of a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
  • hypovolaemic   adj. of or relating to a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
  • hypovolemia   noun a blood disorder consisting of a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
  • hypovolemic   adj. of or relating to a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
  • hypovolemic hypernatremia
  • hypoxemia
  • hypoxia   noun a very strong drive resulting from a deficiency of available oxygen in the blood and bodily tissues (short of anoxia)
  • i   noun the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
  • iatrogenic   adj. induced by a physician's words or therapy (used especially of a complication resulting from treatment)
  • iatrogenic botulism
  • icc   noun a former independent federal agency that supervised and set rates for carriers that transported goods and people between states; was terminated in 1995
  • icc intercostal catheter
  • icd
  • ice   noun a frozen dessert with fruit flavoring (especially one containing no milk);  the frozen part of a body of water;  diamonds; water frozen in the solid state;  a rink with a floor of ice for ice hockey or ice skating;  a heat engine in which combustion occurs inside the engine rather than in a separate furnace; heat expands a gas that either moves a piston or turns a gas turbine;  an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant;  a flavored sugar topping used to coat and decorate cakes;  verb put ice on or put on ice;  decorate with frosting
  • ice skater   noun someone who engages in ice skating
  • ics
  • ics intercostal space
  • icu   noun a hospital unit staffed and equipped to provide intensive care
  • icu intensive care unit
  • idc
  • idc in dwelling catheter
  • idiopathic   adj. (of diseases) arising from an unknown cause
  • idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
  • idiopathic thrombocytopenic
  • ig   noun a class of proteins produced in lymph tissue in vertebrates and that function as antibodies in the immune response
  • ig immunoglobulin
  • ige   noun one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present primarily in the skin and mucous membranes
  • ige mediated
  • ige mediated anaphylaxis
  • ii
  • iia
  • iib
  • iii
  • ilcor
  • ilcor international liaison committee on resuscitation
  • ileus   noun blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
  • iliac   adj. of or relating to the ilium
  • ill   adj. presaging ill fortune;  distressing;  resulting in suffering or adversity;  indicating hostility or enmity;  affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function;  adv. (`ill' is often used as a combining form) in a poor or improper or unsatisfactory manner; not well;  with difficulty or inconvenience; scarcely or hardly;  unfavorably or with disapproval;  noun an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining
  • illicit   adj. contrary to accepted morality (especially sexual morality) or convention;  contrary to or forbidden by law
  • illness   noun impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
  • illnesses
  • im
  • imaging   noun (medicine) obtaining pictures of the interior of the body;  the ability to form mental images of things or events
  • immediate   adj. having no intervening medium;  performed with little or no delay;  immediately before or after as in a chain of cause and effect;  of the present time and place;  very close or connected in space or time
  • immediate care
  • immersion   noun a form of baptism in which part or all of a person's body is submerged;  the act of wetting something by submerging it;  complete attention; intense mental effort;  (astronomy) the disappearance of a celestial body prior to an eclipse;  sinking until covered completely with water
  • imminent   adj. close in time; about to occur
  • immobilization   noun the act of limiting movement or making incapable of movement;  fixation (as by a plaster cast) of a body part in order to promote proper healing
  • immune   adj. (usually followed by `to') not affected by a given influence;  relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection); secure against;  relating to the condition of immunity;  noun a person who is immune to a particular infection
  • immunization   noun the act of making immune (especially by inoculation)
  • immunization see immunoglobulin
  • immunizations
  • immunodeficiency   noun immunological disorder in which some part of the body's immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
  • immunoglobulin   noun a class of proteins produced in lymph tissue in vertebrates and that function as antibodies in the immune response
  • immunological   adj. of or relating to immunology
  • immunosuppression   noun lowering the body's normal immune response to invasion by foreign substances; can be deliberate (as in lowering the immune response to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ) or incidental (as a side effect of radiotherapy or chemotherapy for cancer)
  • immunosuppression from
  • impacting
  • impaction   noun a disorder in which a tooth is so crowded in its socket that it cannot erupt normally;  a disorder in which feces are impacted in the lower colon;  the condition of being pressed closely together and firmly fixed;  a sharp collision produced by striking or dashing against something
  • impairment   noun damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality;  the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine);  the occurrence of a change for the worse;  the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness;  a symptom of reduced quality or strength
  • imperfecta
  • impetigo   noun a very contagious infection of the skin; common in children; localized redness develops into small blisters that gradually crust and erode
  • impingement   noun a sharp collision produced by striking or dashing against something;  influencing strongly
  • impingement syndromes
  • implantable
  • implantable cardiac device
  • implants
  • imported   adj. used of especially merchandise brought from a foreign source
  • in   adj. currently fashionable;  directed or bound inward;  holding office;  adv. to or toward the inside of;  noun a state in midwestern United States;  a unit of length equal to one twelfth of a foot;  a rare soft silvery metallic element; occurs in small quantities in sphalerite
  • in acute coronary syndrome
  • in ankylosing spondylitis
  • in asystole or pulseless electrical
  • in ataxia
  • in bipolar disorder
  • in blow out fracture
  • in boerhaave syndrome
  • in cardiac testing
  • in cat and dog bites
  • in chemical incidents
  • in chest pain
  • in children
  • in cushing syndrome
  • in dwelling
  • in emergencies
  • in general   adv. without distinction of one from others
  • in health care
  • in hiv disease
  • in hospital
  • in hypercalcemia
  • in hyperparathyroidism
  • in hypocalcemia
  • in hypoparathyroidism
  • in kawasaki disease
  • in knee dislocation
  • in multiple trauma
  • in poisoning
  • in pregnancy
  • in shoulder dislocation
  • in spontaneous abortion
  • in streptococcal disease
  • in subdural hematoma
  • in toxic synovitis
  • in trauma
  • in tricyclic antidepressant poisoning
  • in ventricular fibrillation or pulseless
  • inappropriate   adj. not suitable for a particular occasion etc;  not in keeping with what is correct or proper
  • inborn   adj. normally existing at birth;  present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • inborn errors of
  • inborn errors of metabolism
  • incisor   noun a tooth for cutting or gnawing; located in the front of the mouth in both jaws
  • incl
  • incomplete   adj. not complete or total; not completed;  not yet finished
  • incomplete abortion   noun termination of pregnancy without expulsion of all of the products of conception
  • incomplete bundle branch block
  • incomplete injury
  • increased   adj. made greater in size or amount or degree
  • incubation   noun maintaining something at the most favorable temperature for its development;  (pathology) the phase in the development of an infection between the time a pathogen enters the body and the time the first symptoms appear;  sitting on eggs so as to hatch them by the warmth of the body
  • incubation period   noun the period between infection and the appearance of symptoms of the disease
  • incubation periods of
  • index   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • indexer   noun someone who provides an index
  • indications
  • indications for
  • indirect   adj. not direct in spatial dimension; not leading by a straight line or course to a destination;  extended senses; not direct in manner or language or behavior or action;  having intervening factors or persons or influences;  not as a direct effect or consequence;  descended from a common ancestor but through different lines
  • induced   adj. brought about or caused; not spontaneous
  • induced angioedema
  • induction   noun the act of bringing about something (especially at an early time);  an electrical phenomenon whereby an electromotive force (EMF) is generated in a closed circuit by a change in the flow of current;  an act that sets in motion some course of events; reasoning from detailed facts to general principles;  stimulation that calls up (draws forth) a particular class of behaviors;  a formal entry into an organization or position or office
  • induction agents for rapid sequence
  • inevitable   adj. incapable of being avoided or prevented;  invariably occurring or appearing;  noun an unavoidable event
  • inevitable abortion
  • infancy   noun the earliest state of immaturity;  the early stage of growth or development
  • infant   noun a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk
  • infantile   adj. being or befitting or characteristic of an infant;  of or relating to infants or infancy;  indicating a lack of maturity
  • infants
  • infants and preschool children
  • infarction   noun localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
  • infarcts
  • infection   noun (international law) illegality that taints or contaminates a ship or cargo rendering it liable to seizure;  moral corruption or contamination;  an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted;  (medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease;  (phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound;  the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms;  the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people
  • infections
  • infectiosum
  • infectious   adj. easily spread;  caused by infection or capable of causing infection;  of or relating to infection
  • infectivity
  • infestations
  • infi
  • infiltration   noun a process in which individuals (or small groups) penetrate an area (especially the military penetration of enemy positions without detection);  the slow passage of a liquid through a filtering medium
  • infl
  • infl uenza
  • inflammation   noun arousal to violent emotion;  a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat;  the act of setting something on fire;  the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  • inflammatory   adj. characterized or caused by inflammation; arousing to action or rebellion
  • inflammatory bowel disease   noun inflammation of the colon
  • influenza   noun an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  • influenzae
  • information   noun (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome;  knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction;  a message received and understood; formal accusation of a crime;  a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
  • infraorbital
  • infrapatellar
  • infusion   noun the act of infusing or introducing a certain modifying element or quality;  (medicine) the passive introduction of a substance (a fluid or drug or electrolyte) into a vein or between tissues (as by gravitational force);  the process of extracting certain active properties (as a drug from a plant) by steeping or soaking (usually in water);  a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)
  • infusion guidelines
  • infusion guidelines in critical care
  • infusions
  • ingested
  • ingestion   noun the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
  • ingrowing   adj. growing abnormally into the flesh
  • inguinal   adj. of or relating to or near the groin
  • inguinal adenopathy
  • inguinal swellings
  • inhalation   noun the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing;  a medication to be taken by inhaling it
  • inhalational
  • inhaled
  • inhaler   noun a dispenser that produces a chemical vapor to be inhaled in order to relieve nasal congestion
  • inhibitor   noun a substance that retards or stops an activity
  • inhibitors
  • initial   adj. occurring at the beginning;  noun the first letter of a word (especially a person's name);  verb mark with one's initials
  • injection   noun the forceful insertion of a substance under pressure;  the act of putting a liquid into the body by means of a syringe;  any solution that is injected (as into the skin)
  • injuries
  • injury   noun an act that injures someone;  an accident that results in physical damage or hurt;  any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.;  a casualty to military personnel resulting from combat
  • injury incl
  • injury patterns in
  • injury severity
  • injury severity score
  • inner   adj. inside or closer to the inside of the body;  located or occurring within or closer to a center;  located inward;  innermost or essential;  exclusive to a center; especially a center of influence; confined to an exclusive group
  • inquest   noun an inquiry into the cause of an unexpected death
  • inquiry   noun a systematic investigation of a matter of public interest;  a search for knowledge;  an instance of questioning
  • inr   noun an agency that is the primary source in the State Department for interpretive analyses of global developments and focal point for policy issues and activities of the Intelligence Community
  • inr international normalized ratio
  • inr xviii
  • insect   noun small air breathing arthropod;  a person who has a nasty or unethical character undeserving of respect
  • insecticide   noun a chemical used to kill insects
  • insecticides
  • insects
  • insertion   noun the act of putting one thing into another;  a message (spoken or written) that is introduced or inserted
  • inside   adj. away from the outer edge;  being or applying to the inside of a building;  relating to or being on the side closer to the center or within a defined space;  confined to an exclusive group; adv. within a building;  on the inside;  in reality;  with respect to private feelings;  noun the inner or enclosed surface of something;  the region that is inside of something
  • inside back cover
  • inside front cover
  • insipidus
  • inspired   adj. being of such surpassing excellence as to suggest inspiration by the gods
  • instability   noun the quality or attribute of being unstable and irresolute;  unreliability attributable to being unstable;  an unstable order;  a lack of balance or state of disequilibrium
  • insufficiency   noun lack of an adequate quantity or number; (pathology) inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally;  a lack of competence
  • insulin   noun hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas; regulates storage of glycogen in the liver and accelerates oxidation of sugar in cells
  • insulin therapy in
  • insulin toxicity
  • insults
  • integrity   noun moral soundness;  an undivided or unbroken completeness or totality with nothing wanting
  • intensive   adj. characterized by a high degree or intensity; often used as a combining form;  of agriculture; intended to increase productivity of a fixed area by expending more capital and labor; tending to give force or emphasis;  noun a modifier that has little meaning except to intensify the meaning it modifies
  • intentionally   adv. with intention; in an intentional manner
  • inter hospital
  • interaction   noun a mutual or reciprocal action; interacting; (physics) the transfer of energy between elementary particles or between an elementary particle and a field or between fields; mediated by gauge bosons
  • interactions
  • interactions with
  • intercostal   adj. located or occurring between the ribs;  nounmuscles between the ribs; they contract during inspiration
  • intercostal catheter
  • interest   noun the power of attracting or holding one's attention (because it is unusual or exciting etc.);  a sense of concern with and curiosity about someone or something;  (usually plural) a social group whose members control some field of activity and who have common aims;  (law) a right or legal share of something; a financial involvement with something;  a fixed charge for borrowing money; usually a percentage of the amount borrowed;  a diversion that occupies one's time and thoughts (usually pleasantly);  a reason for wanting something done;  verb excite the curiosity of; engage the interest of;  be on the mind of;  be of importance or consequence
  • internal   adj. happening or arising or located within some limits or especially surface;  occurring within an institution or community; located inward;  inside the country;  innermost or essential
  • international   adj. concerning or belonging to all or at least two or more nations;  from or between other countries;  noun any of several international socialist organizations
  • interstitial   adj. of or relating to interstices
  • interstitial nephritis
  • interval   noun the distance between things;  a set containing all points (or all real numbers) between two given endpoints;  the difference in pitch between two notes;  a definite length of time marked off by two instants
  • intervention   noun (law) a proceeding that permits a person to enter into a lawsuit already in progress; admission of person not an original party to the suit so that person can protect some right or interest that is allegedly affected by the proceedings;  the act of intervening (as to mediate a dispute);  a policy of intervening in the affairs of other countries
  • interventions
  • intervertebral   adj. pertaining to the space between two vertebrae
  • interview   noun the questioning of a person (or a conversation in which information is elicited); often conducted by journalists;  a conference (usually with someone important);  verb conduct an interview in television, newspaper, and radio reporting;  discuss formally with (somebody) for the purpose of an evaluation;  go for an interview in the hope of being hired
  • intestinal   adj. of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • intestine   noun the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • intestine see bowel
  • intimate   adj. marked by close acquaintance, association, or familiarity;  thoroughly acquainted through study or experience; involved in a sexual relationship;  having mutual interests or affections; of established friendship;  having or fostering a warm or friendly and informal atmosphere;  innermost or essential;  nounsomeone to whom private matters are confided;  verb give to understand;  imply as a possibility
  • intimate partner violence
  • intolerance   noun impatience with annoyances;  unwillingness to recognize and respect differences in opinions or beliefs
  • intoxication   noun excitement and elation beyond the bounds of sobriety;  a temporary state resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol;  the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance
  • intra articular
  • intra articular classifications
  • intracerebral   adj. within the brain
  • intracerebral hemorrhage
  • intracranial   adj. within the skull
  • intracranial haemorrhage see
  • intracranial pathology
  • intrahepatic
  • intrahepatic cholestasis
  • intralipid
  • intralipid in
  • intralipids
  • intralipids toxicity
  • intramuscular   adj. within a muscle
  • intraocular
  • intraosseous
  • intrathoracic
  • intrathoracic vagal nerve compression
  • intrauterine   adj. within the womb
  • intrauterine contraceptive
  • intrauterine contraceptive device
  • intravascular
  • intravenous   adj. within or by means of a vein
  • intravenous fl uids
  • intravenous line
  • intubation   noun the insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ
  • intubation see endotracheal intubation
  • intussusception   noun (biology) growth in the surface area of a cell by the deposit of new particles between existing particles in the cell wall;  the folding in of an outer layer so as to form a pocket in the surface
  • inverse   adj. reversed (turned backward) in order or nature or effect;  opposite in nature or effect or relation to another quantity; noun something inverted in sequence or character or effect
  • inverse flexural psoriasis
  • inversion   noun the act of turning inside out;  turning upside down; setting on end;  a term formerly used to mean taking on the gender role of the opposite sex;  (counterpoint) a variation of a melody or part in which ascending intervals are replaced by descending intervals and vice versa;  (genetics) a kind of mutation in which the order of the genes in a section of a chromosome is reversed;  the layer of air near the earth is cooler than an overlying layer;  a chemical process in which the direction of optical rotation of a substance is reversed from dextrorotatory to levorotary or vice versa;  abnormal condition in which an organ is turned inward or inside out (as when the upper part of the uterus is pulled into the cervical canal after childbirth);  the reversal of the normal order of words
  • involuntary   adj. not subject to the control of the will;  controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control
  • involving
  • ion   noun a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons
  • ionised   adj. converted totally or partly into ions
  • ipecac   noun a medicinal drug used to evoke vomiting (especially in cases of drug overdose or poisoning)
  • ipecacuanha
  • ipratropium
  • ipratropium bromide   noun an inhaled bronchodilator (trade name Atrovent)
  • ipv   noun a poliovirus vaccine consisting of inactivated polio virus that is injected subcutaneously to provide immunity to poliomyelitis
  • iritis   noun inflammation of the iris
  • iron   adj. extremely robust;  noun home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth;  a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head;  implement used to brand live stock;  a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood;  verbpress and smooth with a heated iron
  • iron poisoning
  • irradiated
  • irreversible   adj. incapable of being reversed
  • irrigation   noun (medicine) cleaning a wound or body organ by flushing or washing out with water or a medicated solution; supplying dry land with water by means of ditches etc
  • irritable   adj. abnormally sensitive to a stimulus;  easily irritated or annoyed;  capable of responding to stimuli
  • irritable bowel
  • irritable bowel syndrome   noun recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea (often alternating with periods of constipation); often associated with emotional stress
  • irritable hip
  • irritable infant
  • irritant   noun something that causes irritation and annoyance
  • irritant contact
  • irritant contact dermatitis
  • irritant diaper
  • irritant gas exposure
  • irritant gas exposure and
  • irritation   noun the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed;  (pathology) abnormal sensitivity to stimulation;  the act of troubling or annoying someone;  unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment;  an uncomfortable feeling of mental painfulness or distress;  a sudden outburst of anger;  the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland
  • irukandji
  • ischaemia   noun local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
  • ischaemic   adj. relating to or affected by ischemia
  • ischaemic contracture
  • ischemia   noun local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
  • ischemic   adj. relating to or affected by ischemia
  • isoenzymes
  • isofl
  • isoniazid   noun antibacterial drug (trade name Nydrazid) used to treat tuberculosis
  • isoniazid poisoning
  • isoprenaline
  • isopropanol   noun alcohol used as antifreeze or a solvent
  • isopropanol poisoning
  • isovolemic
  • isovolemic hypernatremia
  • iss
  • issues
  • itch   noun an irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch;  a strong restless desire;  a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation;  verb have a strong desire or urge to do something;  have or perceive an itch;  scrape or rub as if to relieve itching
  • itching   noun an irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch
  • itp
  • itp idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • iu
  • iu international units
  • iucd
  • iucd intrauterine contraceptive device
  • iucd see intrauterine contraceptive
  • iv   noun administration of nutrients through a vein
  • iv drug
  • ivp   noun performing pyelography with intravenous injection of a contrast medium;  X ray picture of the kidneys and ureters after injection of a radiopaque dye
  • ivp intravenous pyelogram
  • ivu
  • ix
  • j   noun the 10th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
  • j joule
  • jas
  • jaundice   noun yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood; can be a symptom of gallstones or liver infection or anemia;  a rough and bitter manner;  verb affect with, or as if with, jaundice;  distort adversely
  • jaw   noun holding device consisting of one or both of the opposing parts of a tool that close to hold an object;  the part of the skull of a vertebrate that frames the mouth and holds the teeth;  the bones of the skull that frame the mouth and serve to open it; the bones that hold the teeth;  verb censure severely or angrily;  talk incessantly and tiresomely;  talk socially without exchanging too much information; chew (food)
  • jefferson   noun 3rd President of the United States; chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore it (1743 1826)
  • jefferson fracture
  • jellyfi
  • jellyfish   noun any of numerous usually marine and free swimming coelenterates that constitute the sexually reproductive forms of hydrozoans and scyphozoans;  large siphonophore having a bladderlike float and stinging tentacles
  • jendrassik
  • jock   noun a support for the genitals worn by men engaging in strenuous exercise;  a person trained to compete in sports
  • jock itch   noun fungal infection of the groin (most common in men)
  • johansson larsen
  • johnson   noun 17th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated; was impeached but acquitted by one vote (1808 1875);  36th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Kennedy when Kennedy was assassinated (1908 1973);  English writer and lexicographer (1709 1784)
  • johnson syndrome
  • joint   adj. involving both houses of a legislature;  united or combined;  affecting or involving two or more;  noun marijuana leaves rolled into a cigarette for smoking;  junction by which parts or objects are joined together;  a disreputable place of entertainment; (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion);  a piece of meat roasted or for roasting and of a size for slicing into more than one portion;  the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made;  verb separate (meat) at the joint;  fasten with a joint;  provide with a joint;  fit as if by joints
  • joint of
  • joints
  • jones   noun English phonetician (1881 1967);  one of the first great English architects and a theater designer (1573 1652);  American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747 1792);  United States golfer (1902 1971);  United States railroad engineer who died trying to stop his train from crashing into another train; a friend wrote a famous ballad describing the incident (1864 1900);  United States labor leader (born in Ireland) who helped to found the Industrial Workers of the World (1830 1930)
  • joule   noun English physicist who established the mechanical theory of heat and discovered the first law of thermodynamics (1818 1889);  a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
  • jugular   adj. relating to or located in the region of the neck or throat;  noun a vital part that is vulnerable to attack;  veins in the neck that return blood from the head
  • jugular vein   noun veins in the neck that return blood from the head
  • junctional
  • junctional tachycardia
  • junior   adj. used of the third or next to final year in United States high school or college;  including or intended for youthful persons; younger; lower in rank; shorter in length of tenure or service;  nounthe younger of two men;  a third year undergraduate;  a son who has the same first name as his father;  term of address for a disrespectful and annoying male
  • junior doctor
  • juvenile   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of or appropriate for children or young people;  displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity;  noun a youthful person
  • juvenile ankylosing spondylitis
  • juvenile idiopathic
  • juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • jvp
  • jvp jugular venous pressure
  • kawasaki
  • kawasaki disease   noun an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause
  • kcl
  • kcl potassium chloride
  • keeping   noun conformity or harmony;  the act of retaining something;  the responsibility of a guardian or keeper
  • kemler
  • keratitis   noun inflammation of the cornea causing watery painful eyes and blurred vision
  • keratosis   noun a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin
  • kernig
  • ketamine   noun a general anesthetic and tranquilizer (not a barbiturate) that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly; used mainly by veterinarians or for minor surgery with geriatric or pediatric patients; taken in large doses it causes hallucinations similar to those associated with the use of PCP
  • ketoacidosis   noun acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus
  • ketorolac   noun nonsteroidal anti inflammatory (trade name Torodal) that is given only orally
  • key   adj. serving as an essential component;  effective; producing a desired effect;  noun metal device shaped in such a way that when it is inserted into the appropriate lock the lock's mechanism can be rotated;  a lever that actuates a mechanism when depressed;  pitch of the voice;  something crucial for explaining;  a generic term for any device whose possession entitles the holder to a means of access;  a list of words or phrases that explain symbols or abbreviations;  a list of answers to a test;  any of 24 major or minor diatonic scales that provide the tonal framework for a piece of music;  (basketball) a space (including the foul line) in front of the basket at each end of a basketball court; usually painted a different color from the rest of the court;  a coral reef off the southern coast of Florida;  United States lawyer and poet who wrote a poem after witnessing the British attack on Baltimore during the War of 1812; the poem was later set to music and entitled `The Star Spangled Banner' (1779 1843);  a kilogram of a narcotic drug;  the central building block at the top of an arch or vault;  mechanical device used to wind another device that is driven by a spring (as a clock);  a winged often one seed indehiscent fruit as of the ash or elm or maple;  verb harmonize with or adjust to; regulate the musical pitch of;  vandalize a car by scratching the sides with a key;  provide with a key;  identify as in botany or biology, for example
  • key features
  • kg   noun one thousand grams; the basic unit of mass adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • kidney   noun either of two bean shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • kidney see entries under renal
  • kidney stones
  • kidney transplant rejection
  • kidneys
  • kiesselbach
  • kilopascal
  • kinase   noun an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of a proenzyme to an active enzyme
  • kingdom   noun a basic group of natural objects;  the highest taxonomic group into which organisms are grouped; one of five biological categories: Monera or Protoctista or Plantae or Fungi or Animalia;  a monarchy with a king or queen as head of state;  the domain ruled by a king or queen;  a country with a king as head of state;  a domain in which something is dominant
  • kit   noun young of any of various fur bearing animals;  gear consisting of a set of articles or tools for a specified purpose;  a case for containing a set of articles;  verb supply with a set of articles or tools
  • knee   noun the part of a trouser leg that provides the cloth covering for the knee;  hinge joint in the human leg connecting the tibia and fibula with the femur and protected in front by the patella;  joint between the femur and tibia in a quadruped; corresponds to the human knee
  • knee dislocation
  • knee injuries
  • knee injury
  • knuckle   noun a joint of a finger when the fist is closed;  verb shoot a marble while keeping one's knuckles on the ground;  press or rub with the knuckles
  • knuckle fracture of little
  • kocher
  • kohler
  • korsakoff
  • korsakoff syndrome
  • kpa
  • kpa kilopascal
  • kub
  • kub kidneys
  • l   noun the 12th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints);  a cgs unit of illumination equal to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing surface that emits or reflects one lumen per square centimeter
  • l milliequivalents per litre
  • la   noun the syllable naming the sixth (submediant) note of a major or minor scale in solmization;  a state in southern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War;  a white soft metallic element that tarnishes readily; occurs in rare earth minerals and is usually classified as a rare earth
  • label   noun trade name of a company that produces musical recordings;  a brief description given for purposes of identification;  an identifying or descriptive marker that is attached to an object;  a radioactive isotope that is used in a compound in order to trace the mechanism of a chemical reaction;  verb distinguish (an element or atom) by using a radioactive isotope or an isotope of unusual mass for tracing through chemical reactions;  distinguish (as a compound or molecule) by introducing a labeled atom;  assign a label to; designate with a label;  pronounce judgment on;  attach a tag or label to
  • labor   noun productive work (especially physical work done for wages);  a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages;  any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; the federal department responsible for promoting the working conditions of wage earners in the United States; created in 1913;  a political party formed in Great Britain in 1900; characterized by the promotion of labor's interests and the socialization of key industries; an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by united action (particularly via labor unions) or the leaders of this movement; concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of labor to the birth of a child;  verb undergo the efforts of childbirth;  work hard;  strive and make an effort to reach a goal
  • laboratory   noun a workplace for the conduct of scientific research; a region resembling a laboratory inasmuch as it offers opportunities for observation and practice and experimentation
  • labour   noun productive work (especially physical work done for wages);  a social class comprising those who do manual labor or work for wages;  a political party formed in Great Britain in 1900; characterized by the promotion of labor's interests and the socialization of key industries;  concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of labor to the birth of a child;  verb undergo the efforts of childbirth;  strive and make an effort to reach a goal;  work hard
  • labyrinthitis   noun inflammation of the inner ear; can cause vertigo and vomiting
  • laceration   noun the act of lacerating;  a torn ragged wound
  • laceration management
  • lacerations
  • lactate   noun a salt or ester of lactic acid;  verb give suck to
  • lactic   adj. of or relating to or obtained from milk (especially sour milk or whey)
  • lactrodectus
  • lactrodectus mactans
  • lacunar
  • lacunar infarcts
  • lamblia
  • lamp   noun an artificial source of visible illumination;  a piece of furniture holding one or more electric light bulbs
  • langer
  • langerhans
  • langerhans cell histocytosis
  • laparotomy   noun surgical incision into the abdominal wall; often done to examine abdominal organs
  • large   adj. having broad power and range and scope;  above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent;  fairly large or important in effect; influential;  in an advanced stage of pregnancy;  conspicuous in position or importance;  generous and understanding and tolerant;  ostentatiously lofty in style;  adv. with the wind abaft the beam;  at a distance, wide of something (as of a mark);  in a boastful manner;  noun a garment size for a large person
  • large bowel
  • large bowel obstruction
  • large vessel tia syndromes
  • laryngeal   adj. of or relating to or situated in the larynx
  • laryngeal dystonia
  • laryngeal oedema
  • laryngeal see laryngeal oedema
  • laryngitis   noun inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx; characterized by hoarseness or loss of voice and coughing
  • laryngospasm   noun a closure of the larynx that blocks the passage of air to the lungs
  • laryngotracheobron
  • laryngotracheobronchitis   noun inflammation of the larynx and trachea and bronchial passageways
  • larynx   noun a cartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea; contains elastic vocal cords that are the source of the vocal tone in speech
  • larynx fracture
  • lassa   noun the sacred city of Lamaism; known as the Forbidden City for its former inaccessibility and hostility to strangers
  • last   adj. occurring at the time of death;  lowest in rank or importance;  coming after all others in time or space or degree or being the only one remaining;  highest in extent or degree;  most unlikely or unsuitable;  immediately past;  not to be altered or undone; occurring at or forming an end or termination;  conclusive in a process or progression;  adv. more recently than any other time;  the item at the end;  noun a person's dying act; the final thing a person can do;  holding device shaped like a human foot that is used to fashion or repair shoes;  a unit of capacity for grain equal to 80 bushels;  a unit of weight equal to 4,000 pounds;  the last or lowest in an ordering or series;  the concluding parts of an event or occurrence;  the time at which life ends; continuing until dead;  the temporal end; the concluding time;  verb persist for a specified period of time;  continue to live; endure or last
  • last meal
  • lata
  • late   adj. having died recently;  being or occurring at an advanced period of time or after a usual or expected time;  at or toward an end or late period or stage of development;  of a later stage in the development of a language or literature; used especially of dead languages;  of the immediate past or just previous to the present time;  (used especially of persons) of the immediate past;  after the expected or usual time; delayed;  adv. later than usual or than expected;  at an advanced age or stage;  in the recent past;  to an advanced time
  • late stage
  • latent   adj. not presently active;  potentially existing but not presently evident or realized
  • latent tb infection
  • lateral   adj. lying away from the median and sagittal plane of a body;  situated at or extending to the side;  noun a pass to a receiver upfield from the passer
  • lateral epicondylitis   noun painful inflammation of the tendon at the outer border of the elbow resulting from overuse of lower arm muscles (as in twisting of the hand)
  • latrodectism
  • laurence
  • lavage   noun washing out a hollow organ (especially the stomach) by flushing with water
  • law   noun the learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system; a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society;  a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature;  legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity;  the collection of rules imposed by authority;  the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do;  the force of policemen and officers
  • lbbb
  • lbbb left bundle branch block
  • lbp
  • ldl   noun a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of moderate amount of protein and a large amount of cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis
  • ldl low density lipoprotein
  • le   noun a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
  • le fort fractures
  • lead   noun the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge;  a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead');  mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil;  thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing;  an advantage held by a competitor in a race; evidence pointing to a possible solution;  the introductory section of a story;  a news story of major importance;  (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base; (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning;  the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile);  a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey;  a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire;  restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal;  the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal combustion engine;  an indication of potential opportunity;  an actor who plays a principal role;  verb cause to undertake a certain action;  travel in front of; go in advance of others; take somebody somewhere;  tend to or result in;  be ahead of others; be the first;  pass or spend;  preside over;  lead, as in the performance of a composition;  move ahead (of others) in time or space;  be in charge of;  be conducive to;  have as a result or residue;  stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point;  lead, extend, or afford access; cause something to pass or lead somewhere
  • lead poisoning   noun toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
  • leader   noun a person who rules or guides or inspires others;  a featured article of merchandise sold at a loss in order to draw customers
  • leading   adj. going or proceeding or going in advance; showing the way;  indicating the most important performer or role;  greatest in importance or degree or significance or achievement;  having the leading position or higher score in a contest;  noun the activity of leading;  thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing
  • leak   noun unauthorized (especially deliberate) disclosure of confidential information;  an accidental hole that allows something (fluid or light etc.) to enter or escape;  a euphemism for urination;  soft watery rot in fruits and vegetables caused by fungi;  the unwanted discharge of a fluid from some container;  verb have an opening that allows light or substances to enter or go out;  enter or escape as through a hole or crack or fissure;  be leaked;  tell anonymously
  • learning   noun the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge;  profound scholarly knowledge
  • left   adj. intended for the left hand;  of or belonging to the political or intellectual left;  being or located on or directed toward the side of the body to the west when facing north;  not used up;  adv. toward or on the left; also used figuratively;  noun a turn toward the side of the body that is on the north when the person is facing east;  the hand that is on the left side of the body;  those who support varying degrees of social or political or economic change designed to promote the public welfare;  location near or direction toward the left side; i.e. the side to the north when a person or object faces east; the piece of ground in the outfield on the catcher's left
  • left anterior fascicular block
  • left posterior fascicular block
  • legislation   noun the act of making or enacting laws;  law enacted by a legislative body
  • leiner
  • leiner disease
  • lens   noun a transparent optical device used to converge or diverge transmitted light and to form images;  electronic equipment that uses a magnetic or electric field in order to focus a beam of electrons; biconvex transparent body situated behind the iris in the eye; it focuses light waves on the retina;  (metaphor) a channel through which something can be seen or understood;  genus of small erect or climbing herbs with pinnate leaves and small inconspicuous white flowers and small flattened pods: lentils
  • lentiginous   adj. relating to or covered with or resembling freckles
  • lentigo   noun a small brownish spot (of the pigment melanin) on the skin
  • lentigo maligna melanomas
  • lesion   noun any visible abnormal structural change in a bodily part;  any break in the skin or an organ caused by violence or surgical incision
  • lesions
  • lethal   adj. of an instrument of certain death
  • leucocyte   noun blood cells that engulf and digest bacteria and fungi; an important part of the body's defense system
  • leucocytes
  • leukaemia   noun malignant neoplasm of blood forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer
  • leukemia   noun malignant neoplasm of blood forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer
  • leukocytosis   noun an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood as a result of infection (as in leukemia)
  • level   adj. oriented at right angles to the plumb;  being on a precise horizontal plane;  not showing abrupt variations;  of the score in a contest;  having a surface without slope, tilt in which no part is higher or lower than another;  noun indicator that establishes the horizontal when a bubble is centered in a tube of liquid;  height above ground; an abstract place usually conceived as having depth;  a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale;  a flat surface at right angles to a plumb line;  a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality;  a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process;  a relative position or degree of value in a graded group;  verb become level or even;  talk frankly with; lay it on the line;  aim at;  tear down so as to make flat with the ground;  direct into a position for use;  make level or straight
  • levels
  • levonorgestrel
  • lft
  • lft liver function test
  • liaising
  • liaison   noun a channel for communication between groups;  a usually secretive or illicit sexual relationship
  • libman
  • lice
  • lidocaine   noun a local anesthetic (trade names Lidocaine and Xylocaine) used topically on the skin and mucous membranes
  • lidocaine see lignocaine
  • life   noun living things collectively;  the experience of being alive; the course of human events and activities;  a motive for living;  a living person;  the organic phenomenon that distinguishes living organisms from nonliving ones;  the course of existence of an individual; the actions and events that occur in living;  a characteristic state or mode of living;  the period during which something is functional (as between birth and death);  the period between birth and the present time;  the period from the present until death; animation and energy in action or expression;  an account of the series of events making up a person's life;  the condition of living or the state of being alive;  a prison term lasting as long as the prisoner lives
  • life support   adj. of or pertaining to equipment or methods used to sustain life
  • ligament   noun any connection or unifying bond;  a sheet or band of tough fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages or supporting muscles or organs
  • ligament injuries
  • ligaments
  • light   adj. characterized by or emitting light;  (used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent;  (of sleep) easily disturbed; demanding little effort; not burdensome;  having relatively few calories;  easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned;  of comparatively little physical weight or density; designed for ease of movement or to carry little weight; psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles;  not great in degree or quantity or number;  (physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average;  of little intensity or power or force;  moving easily and quickly; nimble;  of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment; intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound;  having little importance;  less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so;  casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior;  (used of soil) loose and large grained in consistency;  (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims;  silly or trivial;  used of vowels or syllables; pronounced with little or no stress;  marked by temperance in indulgence;  very thin and insubstantial;  weak and likely to lose consciousness;  adv. with few burdens;  noun any device serving as a source of illumination;  the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures;  public awareness;  mental understanding as an enlightening experience;  a particular perspective or aspect of a situation;  a visual warning signal;  an illuminated area;  a person regarded very fondly;  (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation; having abundant light or illumination;  a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination;  a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires;  merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance;  the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light;  a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul;  verb make lighter or brighter;  begin to smoke; get off (a horse);  to come to rest, settle;  fall to somebody by assignment or lot;  cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat
  • light coma
  • lightning   noun the flash of light that accompanies an electric discharge in the atmosphere (or something resembling such a flash); can scintillate for a second or more;  abrupt electric discharge from cloud to cloud or from cloud to earth accompanied by the emission of light
  • lightning injuries
  • lightning injuries and
  • lignocaine
  • lignocaine see lidocaine
  • limb   noun the graduated arc that is attached to an instrument for measuring angles;  either of the two halves of a bow from handle to tip;  one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping: arm; leg; wing; flipper;  (astronomy) the circumferential edge of the apparent disc of the sun or the moon or a planet;  any of the main branches arising from the trunk or a bough of a tree;  any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm
  • limb ataxia
  • limb injuries
  • limbs
  • limping   noun disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  • lindau
  • line   noun acting in conformity;  something (as a cord or rope) that is long and thin and flexible;  the road consisting of railroad track and roadbed;  a commercial organization serving as a common carrier;  a particular kind of product or merchandise;  a conceptual separation or distinction;  a mark that is long relative to its width;  text consisting of a row of words written across a page or computer screen;  a formation of people or things one behind another;  a formation of people or things one beside another;  a spatial location defined by a real or imaginary unidimensional extent;  in games or sports; a mark indicating positions or bounds of the playing area;  a fortified position (especially one marking the most forward position of troops);  a single frequency (or very narrow band) of radiation in a spectrum;  a length (straight or curved) without breadth or thickness; the trace of a moving point;  the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money;  a conductor for transmitting electrical or optical signals or electric power;  a pipe used to transport liquids or gases;  mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it;  a telephone connection;  the methodical process of logical reasoning;  (often plural) a means of communication or access;  a short personal letter; a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;  the descendants of one individual;  a connected series of events or actions or developments;  the maximum credit that a customer is allowed;  space for one line of print (one column wide and 1/14 inch deep) used to measure advertising;  a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface;  verb reinforce with fabric;  fill plentifully; cover the interior of;  mark with lines;  be in line with; form a line along;  make a mark or lines on a surface
  • lines
  • lip   noun fleshy folds of tissue as those surrounding the mouth;  the top edge of a vessel or other container;  an impudent or insolent rejoinder
  • lipase   noun an enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the breakdown of fats into individual fatty acids that can be absorbed into the bloodstream
  • lipid   noun an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)
  • lipid emulsion in
  • lipids
  • lipoprotein   noun a conjugated protein having a lipid component; the principal means for transporting lipids in the blood
  • lips
  • liquid   adj. clear and bright;  smooth and flowing in quality; entirely free of harshness;  existing as or having characteristics of a liquid; especially tending to flow;  filled or brimming with tears;  in cash or easily convertible to cash;  smooth and unconstrained in movement; changed from a solid to a liquid state;  noun a frictionless continuant that is not a nasal consonant (especially `l' and `r');  the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility; a substance in the fluid state of matter having no fixed shape but a fixed volume;  a substance that is liquid at room temperature and pressure
  • lisfranc
  • lisfranc injuries
  • lithium   noun a soft silver white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals
  • lithium poisoning
  • litre   noun a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints)
  • little   adj. small in a way that arouses feelings (of tenderness or its opposite depending on the context);  (of a voice) faint;  lowercase; (quantifier used with mass nouns) small in quantity or degree; not much or almost none or (with `a') at least some;  (of children and animals) young, immature;  (informal) small and of little importance; limited or below average in number or quantity or magnitude or extent;  of short duration or distance;  adv. not much;  noun a small amount or duration
  • liver   adj. having a reddish brown color;  noun large and complicated reddish brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn out erythrocytes;  liver of an animal used as meat;  someone who lives in a place;  a person who has a special life style
  • liver transplant rejection
  • liver transplantation
  • lmm
  • lmw
  • lmw low molecular weight
  • lmwh
  • load   noun weight to be borne or conveyed;  electrical device to which electrical power is delivered;  the power output of a generator or power plant;  an amount of alcohol sufficient to intoxicate;  a quantity that can be processed or transported at one time;  goods carried by a large vehicle;  the front part of a guided missile or rocket or torpedo that carries the nuclear or explosive charge or the chemical or biological agents;  an onerous or difficult concern;  a deposit of valuable ore occurring within definite boundaries separating it from surrounding rocks;  verb fill or place a load on; provide with munition;  put (something) on a structure or conveyance
  • lobar   adj. of or relating to or affecting a lobe
  • lobar hemorrhage
  • lobe   noun a rounded projection that is part of a larger structure; (anatomy) a somewhat rounded subdivision of a bodily organ or part;  the enhanced response of an antenna in a given direction as indicated by a loop in its radiation pattern;  (botany) a part into which a leaf is divided
  • local   adj. relating to or applicable to or concerned with the administration of a city or town or district rather than a larger area; affecting only a restricted part or area of the body;  of or belonging to or characteristic of a particular locality or neighborhood;  noun public transport consisting of a bus or train that stops at all stations or stops;  anesthetic that numbs a particular area of the body
  • local anaesthetics
  • localization   noun a determination of the place where something is; (physiology) the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
  • locked   adj. firmly fastened or secured against opening
  • log rolling
  • logarithm   noun the exponent required to produce a given number
  • long   adj. having or being more than normal or necessary:"long on brains";  primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified;  primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified;  (of speech sounds or syllables) of relatively long duration;  holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices;  involving substantial risk;  of relatively great height;  planning prudently for the future;  good at remembering;  adv. for an extended time or at a distant time;  for an extended distance;  verb desire strongly or persistently
  • lopresti
  • lorazepam   noun tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
  • loss   noun the act of losing;  the disadvantage that results from losing something;  the experience of losing a loved one;  the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue;  something that is lost;  gradual decline in amount or activity;  euphemistic expressions for death;  military personnel lost by death or capture
  • loss see haemorrhage
  • loss see unconscious patient
  • low density   adj. having low concentration;  having low relative density or specific gravity
  • low flow
  • low flow priapism
  • low molecular weight
  • low molecular weight heparin
  • low see hypoglycaemia
  • low velocity
  • low voltage   adj. subjected to or capable of operating under relative low voltage
  • lower   noun the lower of two berths;  verb set lower;  cause to drop or sink;  move something or somebody to a lower position;  look angry or sullen, wrinkle one's forehead, as if to signal disapproval; make lower or quieter
  • lower esophageal sphincter
  • lower gastrointestinal bleeding
  • lower limb injuries
  • lower limbs
  • lower see lower limbs
  • lp   noun a long playing phonograph record; designed to be played at 33.3 rpm
  • lp lumbar puncture
  • lsd   noun a powerful hallucinogenic drug manufactured from lysergic acid
  • ltbi
  • ltration
  • lucas   noun United States screenwriter and filmmaker (born in 1944)
  • ludwig
  • ludwig angina
  • lumbar   adj. of or relating to or near the part of the back between the ribs and the hipbones
  • lumbar puncture   noun removal by centesis of fluid from the subarachnoid space of the lumbar region of the spinal cord for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
  • lumbar spine
  • lumbar spine injury
  • lumps
  • lunate   adj. resembling the new moon in shape
  • lunate dislocation
  • lund   noun a city in southern Sweden
  • lund and browder charts
  • lung   noun either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • lung scan
  • lung transplant rejection
  • lungs
  • lupus   noun a constellation in the southern hemisphere near Centaurus;  any of several forms of ulcerative skin disease
  • lupus erythematosus   noun a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
  • luteum
  • luxatio
  • luxation   noun displacement or misalignment of a joint or organ
  • luxation injuries
  • lyme
  • lyme cardiomyopathy
  • lyme disease   noun an acute inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever; caused by bacteria carried by the bite of a deer tick
  • lymphadenitis   noun inflammation of lymph nodes
  • lymphadenitis from
  • lymphadenopathy   noun chronic abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes (usually associated with disease)
  • lymphangitis   noun inflammation of a lymph vessel
  • lymphangitis from
  • lymphocytes
  • lymphocytic   adj. of or relating to lymphocytes
  • lymphocytic leukemia   noun leukemia characterized by enlargement of lymphoid tissues and lymphocytic cells in the circulating blood
  • lymphocytosis   noun an abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
  • lymphogranuloma   noun swelling of a lymph node
  • lymphogranuloma venereum   noun infectious disease caused by a species of chlamydia bacterium; transmitted by sexual contact; characterized by genital lesions and swelling of lymph nodes in the groin
  • lyssavirus   noun a neurotropic non arbovirus of the family Rhabdoviridae that causes rabies
  • lyssavirus risk
  • m   noun the 13th letter of the Roman alphabet;  concentration measured by the number of moles of solute per liter of solution;  the basic unit of length adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites (approximately 1.094 yards)
  • m syndrome
  • mactans
  • magnesium   noun a light silver white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
  • magnetic   adj. having the properties of a magnet; i.e. of attracting iron or steel;  determined by earth's magnetic fields;  capable of being magnetized;  of or relating to or caused by magnetism;  possessing an extraordinary ability to attract;  having the properties of a magnet; the ability to draw or pull
  • magnetic resonance imaging   noun the use of nuclear magnetic resonance of protons to produce proton density images
  • maintaining
  • maisonneuve
  • major   adj. greater in number or size or amount;  greater in scope or effect;  of full legal age;  of a scale or mode;  of the field of academic study in which one concentrates or specializes;  of greater importance or stature or rank;  of greater seriousness or danger; noun the principal field of study of a student at a university;  a commissioned military officer in the United States Army or Air Force or Marines; below lieutenant colonel and above captain;  a university student who is studying a particular field as the principal subject; British statesman who was prime minister from 1990 until 1997 (born in 1943);  verb have as one's principal field of study
  • major incident
  • mal
  • malar   noun the arch of bone beneath the eye that forms the prominence of the cheek
  • malaria   noun an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito; marked by paroxysms of chills and fever
  • malariae
  • male   adj. being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces gametes (spermatozoa) that perform the fertilizing function in generation;  for or pertaining to or composed of men or boys;  characteristic of a man;  noun an animal that produces gametes (spermatozoa) that can fertilize female gametes (ova);  the capital of Maldives in the center of the islands;  a person who belongs to the sex that cannot have babies
  • males
  • malgaigne
  • maligna
  • malignant   adj. dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)
  • malignant see cancer
  • malignant tumours see cancer
  • malingering   noun evading duty or work by pretending to be incapacitated
  • mallet   noun a tool resembling a hammer but with a large head (usually wooden); used to drive wedges or ram down paving stones or for crushing or beating or flattening or smoothing;  a light drumstick with a rounded head that is used to strike percussion instruments;  a sports implement with a long handle and a head like a hammer; used in sports (polo or croquet) to hit a ball
  • mallory
  • malrotation
  • malrotation with
  • man of war   noun a warship intended for combat;  large siphonophore having a bladderlike float and stinging tentacles
  • management   noun the act of managing something;  those in charge of running a business
  • management of
  • mandibular   adj. relating to the lower jaw
  • mandibular fractures
  • maneuvers
  • mania   noun an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action;  a mood disorder; an affective disorder in which the victim tends to respond excessively and sometimes violently
  • mania in
  • manifestations
  • mannitol   noun a diuretic (trade name Osmitrol) used to promote the excretion of urine
  • manoeuvre   noun an action aimed at evading an opponent;  a move made to gain a tactical end;  a deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skill;  a military training exercise;  a plan for attaining a particular goal;  verb perform a movement in military or naval tactics in order to secure an advantage in attack or defense; direct the course; determine the direction of travelling;  act in order to achieve a certain goal
  • maoi   noun any of a group of antidepressant drugs that inhibit the action of monoamine oxidase in the brain and so allow monoamines to accumulate
  • maoi hypertensive crisis syndrome
  • maois
  • map   noun a diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface (or part of it);  a function such that for every element of one set there is a unique element of another set;  verb to establish a mapping (of mathematical elements or sets);  explore or survey for the purpose of making a map;  make a map of; show or establish the features of details of;  depict as if on a map;  plan, delineate, or arrange in detail; locate within a specific region of a chromosome in relation to known DNA or gene sequences
  • map mean arterial pressure
  • march   noun a steady advance;  the act of marching; walking with regular steps (especially in a procession of some kind);  a procession of people walking together;  the month following February and preceding April;  a degree granted for the successful completion of advanced study of architecture;  genre of music written for marching; district consisting of the area on either side of a border or boundary of a country or an area;  verb walk fast, with regular or measured steps; walk with a stride;  march in a procession;  force to march; cause to march or go at a marching pace;  lie adjacent to another or share a boundary;  walk ostentatiously;  march in protest; take part in a demonstration
  • marcus
  • marcus gunn pupil
  • marginata
  • marginatum
  • marine   adj. native to or inhabiting the sea;  of or relating to the sea; of or relating to military personnel who serve both on land and at sea (specifically the U.S. Marine Corps);  relating to or involving ships or shipping or navigation or seamen;  noun a member of the United States Marine Corps;  a soldier who serves both on shipboard and on land
  • marine envenomation
  • marine species
  • marinum
  • mark   noun the impression created by doing something unusual or extraordinary that people notice and remember;  a number or letter indicating quality (especially of a student's performance);  the shortest of the four Gospels in the New Testament;  a symbol of disgrace or infamy;  a visible indication made on a surface;  a written or printed symbol (as for punctuation);  Apostle and companion of Saint Peter; assumed to be the author of the second Gospel; formerly the basic unit of money in Germany;  something that exactly succeeds in achieving its goal;  a marking that consists of lines that cross each other;  an indication of damage;  a perceptible indication of something not immediately apparent (as a visible clue that something has happened);  a reference point to shoot at;  a distinguishing symbol;  a person who is gullible and easy to take advantage of;  verb make or leave a mark on;  designate as if by a mark;  insert punctuation marks into;  mark by some ceremony or observation;  be a distinctive feature, attribute, or trait; sometimes in a very positive sense;  assign a grade or rank to, according to one's evaluation;  put a check mark on or near or next to;  remove from a list;  make underscoring marks;  establish as the highest level or best performance;  make small marks into the surface of;  mark with a scar;  attach a tag or label to;  notice or perceive;  to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful
  • markers
  • marrow   noun the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones;  large elongated squash with creamy to deep green skins;  very tender and very nutritious tissue from marrowbones;  any of various squash plants grown for their elongated fruit with smooth dark green skin and whitish flesh;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  • masked   adj. having its true character concealed with the intent of misleading
  • masked mastoiditis
  • mass   adj. gathered or tending to gather into a mass or whole; noun (Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist;  the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field;  a sequence of prayers constituting the Christian Eucharistic rite;  a musical setting for a Mass;  an ill structured collection of similar things (objects or people); a body of matter without definite shape;  the property of something that is great in magnitude;  the common people generally;  (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;  verb join together into a mass or collect or form a mass
  • massage   noun kneading and rubbing parts of the body to increase circulation and promote relaxation;  verb give a massage to; manually manipulate (someone's body), usually for medicinal or relaxation purposes
  • massive   adj. consisting of great mass; containing a great quantity of matter;  imposing in size or bulk or solidity;  imposing in scale or scope or degree or power;  being the same substance throughout
  • masticatory
  • masticatory muscle disorders
  • mastoiditis   noun inflammation of the mastoid
  • maternal   adj. characteristic of a mother;  relating to or derived from one's mother;  relating to or characteristic of or befitting a parent; related on the mother's side
  • maternal trauma in late pregnancy
  • maxillary   adj. of or relating to the upper jaw;  noun the jaw in vertebrates that is fused to the cranium
  • maxillary sinusitis
  • maxillofacial   adj. of or relating to the upper jaw and face (particularly with reference to specialized surgery of the maxilla)
  • mb   noun (a British degree) a bachelor's degree in medicine;  a unit of information equal to one million (1,048,576) bytes
  • mc   noun one million periods per second
  • mcl
  • mcp
  • mcp metacarpophalangeal
  • mdac multiple dose activated charcoal
  • mdi   noun a Sunni organization formed in 1989 and based in Pakistan; opposes missionary groups from the United States; has Lashkar e Tayyiba as its armed wing
  • mdi metered dose inhaler
  • mdma   noun a stimulant drug that is chemically related to mescaline and amphetamine and is used illicitly for its euphoric and hallucinogenic effects; it was formerly used in psychotherapy but in 1985 it was declared illegal in the United States
  • mdo
  • mdo medical defence organization
  • meal   noun coarsely ground foodstuff; especially seeds of various cereal grasses or pulse;  the food served and eaten at one time;  any of the occasions for eating food that occur by custom or habit at more or less fixed times
  • mean   adj. (used of persons or behavior) characterized by or indicative of lack of generosity;  excellent;  of no value or worth;  (used of sums of money) so small in amount as to deserve contempt; characterized by malice;  having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality;  approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value;  marked by poverty befitting a beggar;  noun an average of n numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and dividing by some function of n;  verb destine or designate for a certain purpose;  denote or connote;  mean or intend to express or convey;  have a specified degree of importance;  have in mind as a purpose;  intend to refer to;  have as a logical consequence
  • measles   noun an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash; occurs primarily in children
  • measles encephalitis
  • measurement   noun the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule
  • measures
  • mechanical   adj. using (or as if using) mechanisms or tools or devices;  relating to or governed by or in accordance with mechanics;  relating to or concerned with machinery or tools
  • mechanical ventilation
  • mechanism   noun the technical aspects of doing something; device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function;  (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes;  a natural object resembling a machine in structure or function;  the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction
  • mechanism of
  • mechanisms
  • mechanisms of action
  • mechanisms of toxicity
  • meckel
  • meckel diverticulum
  • meckler
  • meckler triad
  • meconium   noun thick dark green mucoid material that is the first feces of a newborn child
  • media
  • medial   adj. dividing an animal into right and left halves;  relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle
  • medial collateral ligament
  • medial meniscus injury
  • median   adj. relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle;  relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values);  dividing an animal into right and left halves;  nounthe value below which 50% of the cases fall
  • median nerve
  • median nerve damage
  • mediated   adj. acting or brought about through an intervening agency
  • medical   adj. requiring or amenable to treatment by medicine especially as opposed to surgery;  relating to the study or practice of medicine;  of or belonging to Aesculapius or the healing art;  noun a thorough physical examination; includes a variety of tests depending on the age and sex and health of the person
  • medical defence
  • medical defence organization
  • medical research council
  • medical vs
  • medically   adv. involving medical practice
  • medically unexplained
  • medication   noun the act of treating with medicines or remedies; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
  • medications
  • medicine   noun the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries;  (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease;  the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques;  punishment for one's actions;  verb treat medicinally, treat with medicine
  • medicolegal   adj. pertaining to legal aspects of the practice of medicine (as malpractice or patient consent for operations or patient information)
  • medium   adj. (meat) cooked until there is just a little pink meat inside;  around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures;  noun an intervening substance through which signals can travel as a means for communication;  a means or instrumentality for storing or communicating information;  (usually plural) transmissions that are disseminated widely to the public;  the surrounding environment;  someone who serves as an intermediary between the living and the dead;  a state that is intermediate between extremes; a middle position;  an intervening substance through which something is achieved;  (biology) a substance in which specimens are preserved or displayed;  a liquid with which pigment is mixed by a painter;  an occupation for which you are especially well suited; (bacteriology) a nutrient substance (solid or liquid) that is used to cultivate micro organisms
  • medium vessel vasculitides
  • meibomian
  • meigs
  • meigs syndrome
  • melaena   noun abnormally dark tarry feces containing blood (usually from gastrointestinal bleeding)
  • melanoma   noun any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
  • melanomas
  • mellitus
  • membrane   noun a thin pliable sheet of material;  a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects organs or cells of animals
  • memory   noun an electronic memory device;  the power of retaining and recalling past experience;  the cognitive processes whereby past experience is remembered;  something that is remembered;  the area of cognitive psychology that studies memory processes
  • memory loss   noun partial or total loss of memory
  • men   noun the force of workers available
  • meningitidis
  • meningitis   noun infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea
  • meningococcaemia
  • meningococcal
  • meningococcemia
  • meniscal
  • meniscal tears
  • meniscus   noun (physics) the curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid in a vertical tube;  (optics) a lens that is concave on one side and convex on the other;  (anatomy) a disk of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the ends of bones that meet at a joint
  • meniscus injury
  • menorrhagia   noun abnormally heavy or prolonged menstruation; can be a symptom of uterine tumors and can lead to anemia if prolonged
  • menstrual   adj. of or relating to menstruation or the menses
  • menstrual cycle and
  • mental   adj. affected by a disorder of the mind;  involving the mind or an intellectual process;  of or relating to the chin or liplike structure in insects and certain mollusks;  of or relating to the mind; of or relating to the chin or median part of the lower jaw
  • mental health   noun the psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment
  • mental health act and involuntary
  • mental state   noun (psychology) a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic
  • mephedrone
  • meq   noun one thousandth of an equivalent
  • mercury   noun temperature measured by a mercury thermometer; the smallest planet and the nearest to the sun;  (Roman mythology) messenger of Jupiter and god of commerce; counterpart of Greek Hermes;  a heavy silvery toxic univalent and bivalent metallic element; the only metal that is liquid at ordinary temperatures
  • mercury poisoning   noun a toxic condition caused by ingesting or inhaling mercury; acute mercury poisoning causes a metallic taste and vomiting and diarrhea and kidney problems that may lead to death
  • mesenteric   adj. of or relating to or located in a mesentery
  • mesenteric artery thrombus
  • mesenteric venous thrombosis
  • metabolic   adj. undergoing metamorphosis;  of or relating to metabolism
  • metabolic acidosis   noun acidosis and bicarbonate concentration in the body fluids resulting either from the accumulation of acids or the abnormal loss of bases from the body (as in diarrhea or renal disease)
  • metabolic alkalosis   noun alkalosis resulting from hydrogen ion loss or excessive intake of alkaline substances
  • metabolic alkalosis due to depletion
  • metabolic causes
  • metabolism   noun the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life;  the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
  • metacarpal   adj. of or relating to the metacarpus;  noun any bone of the hand between the wrist and fingers
  • metacarpal injuries
  • metacarpophalangeal
  • metaphysis   noun the growing part of a long bone between the diaphysis and the epiphysis
  • metastatic   adj. relating to or affected by metastasis
  • metastatic melanoma
  • metatarsal   adj. of or relating to the metatarsus;  noun any bone of the foot between the ankle and the toes
  • metatarsal fractures
  • metatarsal injuries in
  • metatarsalgia
  • metatarsophalangeal
  • metered dose
  • methanol   noun a light volatile flammable poisonous liquid alcohol; used as an antifreeze and solvent and fuel and as a denaturant for ethyl alcohol
  • methanol poisoning
  • methedrone
  • methemoglobin
  • methemoglobinemia
  • methicillin   noun antibiotic drug of the penicillin family used in the treatment of certain staphylococcal infections
  • methicillin resistant
  • methicillin resistant staph
  • methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
  • methionine   noun a crystalline amino acid containing sulfur; found in most proteins and essential for nutrition
  • method   noun a way of doing something, especially a systematic way; implies an orderly logical arrangement (usually in steps);  an acting technique introduced by Stanislavsky in which the actor recalls emotions or reactions from his or her own life and uses them to identify with the character being portrayed
  • methodology   noun the system of methods followed in a particular discipline;  the branch of philosophy that analyzes the principles and procedures of inquiry in a particular discipline
  • methods
  • methylene   noun the bivalent radical CH2 derived from methane
  • methylene blue toxicity
  • methylprednisolone
  • meticillin
  • mg   noun one thousandth (1/1,000) gram;  a light silver white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
  • mha
  • mha mental health act
  • mhs
  • mhs malignant hyperthermia syndrome
  • mi   noun the syllable naming the third (mediant) note of any major scale in solmization;  the government agency in the United Kingdom that is responsible for internal security and counterintelligence overseas;  the government agency in the United Kingdom that is responsible for internal security and counterintelligence on British territory;  a midwestern state in north central United States in the Great Lakes region;  a unit of length equal to 1760 yards;  a unit of length used in navigation; equivalent to the distance spanned by one minute of arc in latitude; 1,852 meters;  a British unit of length equivalent to 1,853.18 meters (6,082 feet);  destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
  • mi myocardial infarction
  • microangiopathic
  • microangiopathic thrombosis
  • micromol
  • microperforation
  • microscopy   noun research with the use of microscopes
  • micrurus   noun coral snakes
  • micrurus fulvius   noun ranges from Central America to southeastern United States
  • mid face
  • mid tarsal
  • midazolam   noun an injectable form of benzodiazepine (trade name Versed) useful for sedation and for reducing pain during uncomfortable medical procedures
  • middle   adj. between an earlier and a later period of time;  of a stage in the development of a language or literature between earlier and later stages;  equally distant from the extremes;  being neither at the beginning nor at the end in a series;  noun the middle area of the human torso (usually in front);  an intermediate part or section;  time between the beginning and the end of a temporal period;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region;  verb put in the middle
  • middle ear   noun the main cavity of the ear; between the eardrum and the inner ear
  • midface
  • midgut
  • midgut volvulus
  • midstream   noun the middle of a stream
  • migraine   noun a severe recurring vascular headache; occurs more frequently in women than men
  • migraines
  • migrans
  • migratory   adj. used of animals that move seasonally;  habitually moving from place to place especially in search of seasonal work
  • migratory polyarthritis
  • milch   adj. giving milk; bred or suitable primarily for milk production
  • milch method
  • milestone   noun stone post at side of a road to show distances;  a significant event in your life (or in a project)
  • milestones
  • milia
  • milliequivalents
  • millimetres
  • mimicking
  • mini mental
  • mini mental state
  • mini mental state examination
  • minor   adj. limited in size or scope;  inferior in number or size or amount;  lesser in scope or effect;  not of legal age;  of a scale or mode;  of your secondary field of academic concentration or specialization;  of lesser importance or stature or rank;  of lesser seriousness or danger;  warranting only temporal punishment;  nouna young person of either sex
  • minors   noun a league of teams that do not belong to a major league (especially baseball)
  • minute   adj. characterized by painstaking care and detailed examination;  infinitely or immeasurably small;  immeasurably small; noun a short note;  a unit of angular distance equal to a 60th of a degree;  a unit of time equal to 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour; distance measured by the time taken to cover it;  a particular point in time;  an indefinitely short time
  • minute ventilation
  • miosis   noun reflex contraction of the sphincter muscle of the iris in response to a bright light (or certain drugs) causing the pupil to become smaller;  (genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms; the nucleus divides into four nuclei each containing half the chromosome number (leading to gametes in animals and spores in plants)
  • miotic   adj. of or relating to or causing constriction of the pupil of the eye;  noun a drug that causes miosis (constriction of the pupil of the eye)
  • miscarriage   noun failure of a plan;  a natural loss of the products of conception
  • miscellaneous   adj. constituting a grab bag category;  consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity)
  • missed   adj. not caught with the senses or the mind
  • missed abortion
  • misuse   noun improper or excessive use;  verb change the inherent purpose or function of something;  apply to a wrong thing or person; apply badly or incorrectly
  • mitral   adj. of or relating to or located in or near the mitral valve; relating to or resembling the miter worn by some clerics
  • mitral regurgitation
  • mitral stenosis   noun obstruction or narrowing of the mitral valve (as by scarring from rheumatic fever)
  • mitral valve prolapse   noun cardiopathy resulting from the mitral valve not regulating the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart
  • mittelschmerz   noun pain in the area of the ovary that is felt at the time of ovulation (usually midway through the menstrual cycle)
  • miu
  • mixed   adj. consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity);  involving or composed of different races;  caused to combine or unite
  • mixed mood
  • mixed mood in
  • mm   noun a metric unit of length equal to one thousandth of a meter
  • mmhg
  • mmhg millimetres of mercury
  • mmrc
  • mmse
  • mmse mini mental state examination
  • mobile   adj. capable of changing quickly from one state or condition to another;  moving or capable of moving readily (especially from place to place);  having transportation available;  (of groups of people) tending to travel and change settlements frequently; affording change (especially in social status);  noun sculpture suspended in midair whose delicately balanced parts can be set in motion by air currents;  a port in southwestern Alabama on Mobile Bay;  a river in southwestern Alabama; flows into Mobile Bay
  • modalities
  • mods   noun a youth subculture that began in London in the early 1960s; a working class movement with highly stylized dress and short hair; listened to rhythm and blues music and travelled on motor scooters
  • mof
  • mof multi organ failure
  • mole   noun small velvety furred burrowing mammal having small eyes and fossorial forefeet;  a small congenital pigmented spot on the skin;  spicy sauce often containing chocolate;  a protective structure of stone or concrete; extends from shore into the water to prevent a beach from washing away;  a spy who works against enemy espionage;  the molecular weight of a substance expressed in grams; the basic unit of amount of substance adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • molluscum   noun any skin disease characterized by soft pulpy nodules
  • molluscum contagiosum   noun a virus disease of the skin marked by round white swellings; transmitted from person to person (most often in children or in adults with impaired immune function)
  • monilial
  • monitoring   noun the act of observing something (and sometimes keeping a record of it)
  • monoamine   noun a molecule containing one amine group (especially one that is a neurotransmitter)
  • monoamine oxidase   noun an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of many body compounds (e.g., epinephrine and norepinephrine and serotonin)
  • monoamine oxidase inhibitor   noun any of a group of antidepressant drugs that inhibit the action of monoamine oxidase in the brain and so allow monoamines to accumulate
  • monoarthropathy
  • monoarticular
  • monoarticular arthritis
  • monocular
  • monocular diplopia
  • monocytes
  • monocytic
  • mononucleosis   noun an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
  • mononucleosis from
  • monoxide   noun an oxide containing just one atom of oxygen in the molecule
  • monteggia
  • monteggia fracture
  • mood   noun verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker;  a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling;  the prevailing psychological state
  • morgagni
  • morning   noun the time period between dawn and noon;  a conventional expression of greeting or farewell;  the earliest period; the first light of day
  • morning after
  • morning after pill
  • morphine   noun an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit forming narcotic used to relieve pain
  • morton   noun United States jazz musician who moved from ragtime to New Orleans jazz (1885 1941)
  • mosmol
  • motor   adj. causing or able to cause motion;  conveying information to the muscles from the CNS;  noun machine that converts other forms of energy into mechanical energy and so imparts motion;  a nonspecific agent that imparts motion;  verb travel or be transported in a vehicle
  • motor response in glasgow coma scale
  • motor weakness
  • mountain   noun a land mass that projects well above its surroundings; higher than a hill;  a large number or amount
  • mouth   noun the opening of a jar or bottle;  the externally visible part of the oral cavity on the face and the system of organs surrounding the opening;  the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge;  the point where a stream issues into a larger body of water;  an opening that resembles a mouth (as of a cave or a gorge);  a person conceived as a consumer of food;  an impudent or insolent rejoinder;  a spokesperson (as a lawyer);  verbarticulate silently; form words with the lips only;  touch with the mouth;  express in speech
  • mouth to mouth
  • mrc
  • mri   noun the use of nuclear magnetic resonance of protons to produce proton density images
  • mrsa
  • mrsa methicillin
  • ms   noun a form of address for a woman;  the form of a literary work submitted for publication;  a master's degree in science;  a state in the Deep South on the gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate States during the American Civil War;  a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
  • msa
  • msa multiple systems atrophy
  • msu
  • msu midstream urine
  • mtp
  • mtp metatarsophalangeal
  • mts
  • mu   noun the 12th letter of the Greek alphabet
  • mu megaunit
  • mucormycosis
  • mucosal   adj. of or relating to mucous membranes
  • mucosal lentiginous melanoma
  • multi organ
  • multiforme
  • multiple   adj. having or involving or consisting of more than one part or entity or individual;  noun the product of a quantity by an integer
  • multiple dose
  • multiple dose activated charcoal
  • multiple injury
  • multiple myeloma   noun myeloma that develops in several places at the same time
  • multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
  • multiple rib
  • multiple rib fractures
  • multiple sclerosis   noun a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
  • multiple see multiple injuries
  • mumps   noun an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
  • munchausen   noun German raconteur who told preposterous stories about his adventures as a soldier and hunter; his name is now associated with any telling of exaggerated stories or winning lies (1720 1797)
  • munchausen syndrome   noun syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found
  • murmur   noun a schwa that is incidental to the pronunciation of a consonant;  a complaint uttered in a low and indistinct tone;  a low continuous indistinct sound; often accompanied by movement of the lips without the production of articulate speech;  an abnormal sound of the heart; sometimes a sign of abnormal function of the heart valves;  verb make complaining remarks or noises under one's breath;  speak softly or indistinctly
  • murphy   noun an edible tuber native to South America; a staple food of Ireland
  • murphy sign
  • muscarinic
  • muscarinic effects of organophosphates
  • muscle   noun authority or power or force (especially when used in a coercive way);  animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells;  one of the contractile organs of the body; possessing muscular strength;  a bully employed as a thug or bodyguard;  verb make one's way by force
  • muscle contraction   noun (physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber)
  • muscle hemorrhage
  • muscle power
  • musculoskeletal   adj. relating to muscles and skeleton
  • mushroom   noun fleshy body of any of numerous edible fungi;  a large cloud of rubble and dust shaped like a mushroom and rising into the sky after an explosion (especially of a nuclear bomb);  any of various fleshy fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota consisting of a cap at the end of a stem arising from an underground mycelium; common name for an edible agaric (contrasting with the inedible toadstool);  verb grow and spread fast;  pick or gather mushrooms
  • mushroom poisoning   noun toxic condition caused by eating certain species of mushrooms (especially Amanita species)
  • mv   noun a unit of potential equal to one thousandth of a volt;  a radioactive transuranic element synthesized by bombarding einsteinium with alpha particles (Md is the current symbol for mendelevium but Mv was formerly the symbol)
  • myasthenia   noun any muscular weakness;  a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck); caused by a deficiency of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions
  • myasthenia gravis   noun a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck); caused by a deficiency of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions
  • myasthenic
  • myasthenic crisis
  • mycobacterium   noun rod shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
  • mycobacterium marinum
  • mycotoxins
  • mydriasis   noun reflex pupillary dilation as a muscle pulls the iris outward; occurs in response to a decrease in light or certain drugs
  • mydriatic   noun a drug that causes the pupil of the eye to dilate; used to aid eye examinations
  • myelin   noun a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibers
  • myelin dysfunction
  • myelogenous
  • myelogenous leukemia
  • myeloma   noun a tumor of the bone marrow (usually malignant) composed of cells normally found in bone marrow
  • myocardial   adj. of or relating to the myocardium
  • myocardial contusion
  • myocardial infarction   noun destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
  • myocardial infarction and
  • myocarditis   noun inflammation of the myocardium (the muscular tissue of the heart)
  • myocardium   noun the middle muscular layer of the heart wall
  • myoclonic
  • myoglobin   noun a hemoprotein that receives oxygen from hemoglobin and stores it in the tissues until needed
  • myositis   noun inflammation of muscle tissue
  • myotomes
  • myotoxicity
  • myxedema   noun hypothyroidism marked by dry skin and swellings around lips and nose as well as mental deterioration
  • myxedema coma
  • n   noun the 14th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (of a solution) concentration expressed in gram equivalents of solute per liter;  a unit of force equal to the force that imparts an acceleration of 1 m/sec/sec to a mass of 1 kilogram; equal to 100,000 dynes;  the cardinal compass point that is at 0 or 360 degrees;  a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
  • n acetyl p benzoquinoneimine
  • n acetylcysteine
  • n acetylcysteine for
  • na   noun a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
  • na sodium
  • naa
  • naa nucleic acid amplification
  • nai
  • nai non accidental injury
  • nail   noun a thin pointed piece of metal that is hammered into materials as a fastener;  horny plate covering and protecting part of the dorsal surface of the digits;  a former unit of length for cloth equal to 1/16 of a yard;  verb attach something somewhere by means of nails;  complete a pass;  take into custody;  hit hard;  locate exactly; succeed at easily;  succeed in obtaining a position
  • nail injuries
  • nail psoriasis
  • nailbed
  • nair
  • nair national arrangements for incidents involving radioactivity
  • naloxone   noun a potent narcotic antagonist (trade name Narcan) especially effective with morphine
  • nanomol
  • napcan
  • napcan national association for prevention of child abuse and neglect
  • nappy   adj. of hair in small tight curls;  noun garment consisting of a folded cloth drawn up between the legs and fastened at the waist; worn by infants to catch excrement
  • napqi
  • narcan   noun a potent narcotic antagonist (trade name Narcan) especially effective with morphine
  • narcan toxicity
  • narrow   adj. limited in size or scope;  not wide;  very limited in degree;  lacking tolerance or flexibility or breadth of view; characterized by painstaking care and detailed examination;  noun a narrow strait connecting two bodies of water;  verb make or become more narrow or restricted;  become tight or as if tight;  become more special;  define clearly
  • narrow complex
  • narrow complex supraventricular
  • narrowcomplex
  • nasal   adj. sounding as if the nose were pinched;  of or in or relating to the nose;  noun an elongated rectangular bone that forms the bridge of the nose;  a consonant produced through the nose with the mouth closed
  • nasal foreign body
  • nasal fractures
  • nasal problems see nose
  • nasoethmoidal
  • nasogastric
  • nasogastric tube
  • nasopharyngeal   adj. of or relating to or located near the nasopharynx
  • nat
  • national   adj. concerned with or applicable to or belonging to an entire nation or country;  limited to or in the interests of a particular nation;  owned or maintained for the public by the national government;  of or relating to or belonging to a nation or country;  of or relating to nationality;  characteristic of or peculiar to the people of a nation;  inside the country;  noun a person who owes allegiance to that nation
  • national poisons information service
  • natriuretic   adj. of or relating to natriuresis
  • nausea   noun disgust so strong it makes you feel sick;  the state that precedes vomiting
  • nchausen
  • near   adj. not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances;  closely resembling the genuine article;  being on the left side;  very close in resemblance;  with or in a close or intimate relationship;  giving or spending with reluctance;  adv. near in time or place or relationship;  (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished;  verb move towards
  • neck   noun an opening in a garment for the neck of the wearer; a part of the garment near the wearer's neck;  the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body;  a cut of meat from the neck of an animal;  a narrow elongated projecting strip of land;  verbkiss, embrace, or fondle with sexual passion
  • neck injury by strangulation
  • necrolysis   noun disintegration and dissolution of dead tissue
  • necrosis   noun the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)
  • necrotizing
  • necrotizing fasciitis
  • necrotizing soft tissue infections
  • necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
  • needle   noun a sharp pointed implement (usually steel);  a slender pointer for indicating the reading on the scale of a measuring instrument;  a stylus that formerly made sound by following a groove in a phonograph record;  as the leaf of a conifer;  verb goad or provoke,as by constant criticism;  prick with a needle
  • needle cricothyroidotomy
  • needlestick
  • needlestick injury
  • neer
  • negative   adj. expressing or consisting of a negation or refusal or denial;  having the quality of something harmful or unpleasant; characterized by or displaying negation or denial or opposition or resistance; having no positive features;  less than zero;  reckoned in a direction opposite to that regarded as positive;  not indicating the presence of microorganisms or disease or a specific condition; having a negative electric charge;  involving disadvantage or harm; designed or tending to discredit, especially without positive or helpful suggestions;  noun a piece of photographic film showing an image with black and white tones reversed;  a reply of denial;  verb vote against; refuse to endorse; refuse to assent
  • negative pressure ventilation
  • neisseria meningitidis
  • nematodes
  • neonatal   adj. relating to or affecting the infant during the first month after birth
  • neonatal jaundice
  • neonatal sepsis
  • neonatal tetanus
  • neonate   noun a baby from birth to four weeks
  • neonates
  • neoplasms
  • neoplasms see cancer
  • nephritic   adj. of or relating to the kidneys;  affected by nephritis
  • nephritic syndrome
  • nephritis   noun an inflammation of the kidney
  • nephroblastoma   noun malignant renal tumor of young children characterized by hypertension and blood in the urine and the presence of a palpable mass
  • nephrogenic
  • nephrogenic diabetes insipidus   noun diabetes insipidus caused by a failure of the kidney to respond to normal levels of vasopressin
  • nephrotic
  • nephrotic syndrome   noun a syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol; usually associated with glomerulonephritis or with a complication of various systemic diseases
  • nerve   noun any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body;  impudent aggressiveness;  the courage to carry on;  verb get ready for something difficult or unpleasant
  • nerve injuries
  • nerve injury
  • nerve root
  • nerve root irritation
  • nervosa
  • nervous   adj. easily agitated;  of or relating to the nervous system; unpredictably excitable (especially of horses);  excited in anticipation; causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • neuralgia   noun acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves
  • neuritis   noun inflammation of a nerve accompanied by pain and sometimes loss of function
  • neuroblastoma   noun malignant tumor containing embryonic nerve cells; usually metastasizes quickly
  • neurocardiogenic
  • neurogenic   adj. arising in or stimulated by nerve tissues
  • neurogenic shock
  • neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome
  • neuroleptic   noun tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • neuroleptic malignant
  • neuroleptic malignant syndrome
  • neuroleptic poisoning
  • neurological   adj. of or relating to or used in or practicing neurology
  • neurological conditions
  • neurological examination
  • neuromuscular   adj. affecting or characteristic of both neural and muscular tissue
  • neuromuscular disorders
  • neurone
  • neuropathy   noun any pathology of the peripheral nerves
  • neurosurgical
  • neurotoxicity
  • neutralization   noun action intended to nullify the effects of some previous action;  action intended to keep a country politically neutral or exclude it from a possible war;  (euphemism) the removal of a threat by killing or destroying it (especially in a covert operation or military operation);  a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base interact with the formation of a salt; with strong acids and bases the essential reaction is the combination of hydrogen ions with hydroxyl ions to form water
  • neutrally
  • neutrally mediated syncope
  • neutrophils
  • new   adj. unfamiliar;  having no previous example or precedent or parallel;  (of crops) harvested at an early stage of development; before complete maturity;  in use after medieval times;  not of long duration; having just (or relatively recently) come into being or been made or acquired or discovered;  other than the former one(s); different;  unaffected by use or exposure;  used of a living language; being the current stage in its development;  lacking training or experience;  original and of a kind not seen before;  (of a new kind or fashion) gratuitously new;  adv. very recently
  • new york heart association classification
  • newborn   adj. having just or recently arisen or come into existence; recently borne;  noun a baby from birth to four weeks
  • newborns
  • newborns see neonates
  • news   noun new information about specific and timely events;  new information of any kind;  information reported in a newspaper or news magazine;  the quality of being sufficiently interesting to be reported in news bulletins;  a program devoted to news
  • nf
  • ng   noun one billionth (1/1,000,000,000) gram
  • nger
  • ngernail
  • ngers
  • ngt
  • ngt nasogastric tube
  • nhs
  • ni   noun a hard malleable ductile silvery metallic element that is resistant to corrosion; used in alloys; occurs in pentlandite and smaltite and garnierite and millerite
  • nicotine like
  • nicotine like alkaloids
  • nicotinic
  • nile   noun the world's longest river (4150 miles); flows northward through eastern Africa into the Mediterranean; the Nile River valley in Egypt was the site of the world's first great civilization
  • nimodipine
  • nines
  • ning
  • nitroprusside
  • nitrous   adj. of or containing nitrogen
  • niv
  • niv non invasive ventilation
  • nlein purpura
  • nms
  • nms neuroleptic malignant syndrome
  • no   adj. quantifier; used with either mass nouns or plural count nouns for indicating a complete or almost complete lack or zero quantity of;  adv. used to express refusal or denial or disagreement etc or especially to emphasize a negative statement;  not in any degree or manner; not at all;  referring to the degree to which a certain quality is present;  noun a negative;  a radioactive transuranic element synthesized by bombarding curium with carbon ions; 7 isotopes are known
  • nocturnal   adj. belonging to or active during the night;  of or relating to or occurring in the night
  • nodosum
  • nodular   adj. having nodules or occurring in the form of nodules; relating to or characterized by or having nodules
  • nodular melanoma
  • nodules
  • nomogram   noun a graphic representation of numerical relations
  • non   adv. negation of a word or group of words
  • non accidental
  • non accidental injury
  • non accidental see non accidental
  • non anion
  • non anion gap
  • non articular
  • non cardiac
  • non cardiogenic
  • non cardiogenic pulmonary
  • non ige
  • non ige mediated
  • non ige mediated anaphylaxis
  • non invasive
  • non ketotic
  • non pregnant
  • non q wave
  • non q wave myocardial infarction
  • non shockable
  • non st
  • non st elevation
  • non st elevation myocardial infarction
  • non steroidal
  • non steroidal antiinfl ammatory
  • non traumatic
  • non vascular
  • nonaccidental
  • nonaccidental trauma
  • nonbullous
  • nonbullous impetigo
  • noncardiogenic
  • noncardiogenic pulmonary
  • noncardiogenic pulmonary edema
  • nongonococcal
  • nongonococcal infectious tenosynovitis
  • nonketotic
  • nonmelanoma
  • nonmelanoma skin cancer
  • nonocclusive
  • nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia
  • nonpalpable
  • nonpalpable purpura
  • nonparalytic
  • nonparalytic poliomyelitis
  • nonpitting
  • nonselective
  • nonselective serotonin reuptake inhibitor poisoning
  • nonseptic
  • nonsteroidal   adj. not steroidal or not having the effects of steroid hormones;  noun an organic compound that does no contain a steroid
  • nonsteroidal anti inflammatory
  • nonsteroidal anti inflammatory poisoning
  • nontraumatic
  • nontraumatic binocular diplopia
  • nonvascular
  • nonvascular access related
  • nonwarfarin agents
  • noradrenaline   noun a catecholamine precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and also released at synapses
  • norepinephrine   noun a catecholamine precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and also released at synapses
  • normal   adj. conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal;  being approximately average or within certain limits in e.g. intelligence and development; in accordance with scientific laws;  forming a right angle;  nounsomething regarded as a normative example
  • normal laboratory values
  • normal range xvii
  • normal values
  • normalized
  • nose   noun a front that resembles a human nose (especially the front of an aircraft);  the front or forward projection of a tool or weapon;  the organ of smell and entrance to the respiratory tract; the prominent part of the face of man or other mammals;  a natural skill; the sense of smell (especially in animals);  a symbol of inquisitiveness;  a small distance;  a projecting spout from which a fluid is discharged;  verb defeat by a narrow margin;  push or move with the nose;  advance the forward part of with caution;  rub noses; catch the scent of; get wind of;  search or inquire in a meddlesome way
  • nose and throat
  • not   adv. negation of a word or group of words
  • note   noun a characteristic emotional quality;  a brief written record; a short personal letter;  a comment or instruction (usually added);  a notation representing the pitch and duration of a musical sound;  a tone of voice that shows what the speaker is feeling;  a promise to pay a specified amount on demand or at a certain time;  a piece of paper money (especially one issued by a central bank);  high status importance owing to marked superiority;  verb make mention of; make a written note of;  observe with care or pay close attention to; notice or perceive
  • notes
  • notifi
  • notifi able infectious
  • npa   noun a terrorist organization that is the militant wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines; a Maoist organization formed to overthrow the government; uses hit squads called Sparrow Units; opposes United States military presence in the Philippines
  • npa nasopharyngeal aspirate
  • nsaids
  • nspcc
  • nspcc national society for the prevention of cruelty to children
  • nstemi
  • nstemi non st elevation myocardial infarction
  • ntos
  • nts
  • nts nose
  • nuclear   adj. constituting or like a nucleus;  (weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy;  of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of an atom;  of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of a cell
  • nucleic
  • nursemaid   noun a woman who is the custodian of children
  • nutcracker   noun speckled birds that feed on nuts;  a compound lever used to crack nuts open;  any of various small short tailed songbirds with strong feet and a sharp beak that feed on small nuts and insects
  • nystagmus   noun involuntary movements of the eyeballs; its presence or absence is used to diagnose a variety of neurological and visual disorders
  • nz
  • nz new zealand
  • o   noun the blood group whose red cells carry neither the A nor B antigens;  the 15th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
  • obsession   noun an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something or someone;  an irrational motive for performing trivial or repetitive actions against your will
  • obstetrics   noun the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and care of the mother
  • obstetrics and
  • obstetrics see pregnancy
  • obstruction   noun getting in someone's way;  the act of obstructing; any structure that makes progress difficult;  the state or condition of being obstructed;  something immaterial that stands in the way and must be circumvented or surmounted
  • obstructive   adj. preventing movement
  • obstructive shock   noun shock caused by obstruction of blood flow
  • obtundation
  • occipitomental
  • occlusion   noun (dentistry) the normal spatial relation of the teeth when the jaws are closed;  closure or blockage (as of a blood vessel);  the act of blocking;  an obstruction in a pipe or tube; (meteorology) a composite front when colder air surrounds a mass of warm air and forces it aloft
  • occlusional
  • occlusional bite
  • occlusions
  • ocp
  • octreotide
  • octreotide toxicity
  • ocular   adj. able to be seen;  relating to or using sight;  of or relating to or resembling the eye;  noun combination of lenses at the viewing end of optical instruments
  • ocular injuries
  • ocular see eye
  • ocular toxoplasmosis
  • oculomotor   noun supplies extrinsic muscles of the eye
  • oculomotor nerve palsy
  • oddi
  • odynophagia   noun severe pain on swallowing due to a disorder of the esophagus
  • oedema   noun swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • oesophageal
  • oesophageal obstruction
  • oesophagitis   noun inflammation of the esophagus; often caused by gastroesophageal reflux
  • oesophagus   noun the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • of
  • of antigen
  • of epidermis
  • of feeding tube
  • of knee
  • of paris
  • of potassium
  • of prothrombin time
  • of sodium
  • of tricuspid valve
  • of violent
  • offi
  • olecranon   noun process of the ulna that forms the outer bump of the elbow and fits into the fossa of the humerus when the arm is extended
  • om
  • om occipitomental
  • on   adj. in operation or operational;  (of events) planned or scheduled;  adv. indicates continuity or persistence or concentration; in a state required for something to function or be effective;  with a forward motion
  • oophoritis   noun inflammation of one or both ovaries
  • open   adj. ready for business;  not having been filled;  without undue constriction as from e.g. tenseness or inhibition;  affording unobstructed entrance and exit; not shut or closed;  affording free passage or access;  used of mouth or eyes;  having no protecting cover or enclosure;  (set theory) of an interval that contains neither of its endpoints;  open to or in view of all;  accessible to all;  not sealed or having been unsealed;  not brought to a conclusion; subject to further thought;  not requiring union membership;  openly straightforward and direct without reserve or secretiveness;  affording free passage or view;  open and observable; not secret or hidden; with no protection or shield;  ready or willing to receive favorably;  (of textures) full of small openings or gaps;  possibly accepting or permitting;  not defended or capable of being defended;  nouninformation that has become public;  a tournament in which both professionals and amateurs may play;  a clear or unobstructed space or expanse of land or water;  where the air is unconfined;  verb make available;  become available;  make the opening move;  cause to open or to become open;  become open;  display the contents of a file or start an application as on a computer;  begin or set in action, of meetings, speeches, recitals, etc.;  start to operate or function or cause to start operating or functioning;  have an opening or passage or outlet;  spread out or open from a closed or folded state;  afford access to
  • open fracture   noun bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
  • opening   adj. first or beginning;  noun the act of opening something; becoming open or being made open;  a recognized sequence of moves at the beginning of a game of chess;  a vacant or unobstructed space that is man made;  the initial part of the introduction;  the first performance (as of a theatrical production);  a ceremony accompanying the start of some enterprise;  an open or empty space in or between things;  opportunity especially for employment or promotion;  the first of a series of actions;  an entrance equipped with a hatch; especially a passageway between decks of a ship;  an aperture or hole that opens into a bodily cavity;  a possible alternative
  • opg
  • opg orthopantomogram
  • ophthalmic   adj. of or relating to ophthalmology;  of or relating to the eye
  • ophthalmic conditions
  • ophthalmology   noun the branch of medicine concerned with the eye and its diseases
  • ophthalmology see eye
  • opiate   noun a narcotic drug that contains opium or an opium derivative
  • opiate poisoning
  • opiate toxidrome
  • opiates
  • opioids
  • opioids and opiates
  • opisthotonos   noun severe spasm in which the back arches and the head bends back and heels flex toward the back
  • opportunistic   adj. taking immediate advantage, often unethically, of any circumstance of possible benefit
  • opportunistic infections
  • optic   adj. relating to or using sight;  of or relating to or resembling the eye;  noun the organ of sight
  • optic neuritis
  • opv   noun an oral vaccine (containing live but weakened poliovirus) that is given to provide immunity to poliomyelitis
  • or   noun a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations;  a state in northwestern United States on the Pacific
  • oral   adj. a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression;  of or involving the mouth or mouth region or the surface on which the mouth is located;  using speech rather than writing;  of or relating to or affecting or for use in the mouth;  noun an examination conducted by word of mouth
  • oral candidiasis
  • oral cavity   noun the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge
  • oral cavity see mouth
  • oral contraceptive pill   noun a contraceptive in the form of a pill containing estrogen and progestin to inhibit ovulation and so prevent conception
  • oral poliovirus vaccine   noun an oral vaccine (containing live but weakened poliovirus) that is given to provide immunity to poliomyelitis
  • oral rehydration
  • oral rehydration see rehydration
  • orbit   noun the (usually elliptical) path described by one celestial body in its revolution about another;  the path of an electron around the nucleus of an atom;  an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control: "the range of a supersonic jet";  the bony cavity in the skull containing the eyeball;  a particular environment or walk of life;  verb move in an orbit
  • orbital   adj. of or relating to the eye socket;  of or relating to an orbit
  • orbital blow out
  • orbital cellulitis
  • orbital floor
  • orbital floor fractures
  • orchitis   noun inflammation of one or both testes; characterized by pain and swelling
  • organ   noun wind instrument whose sound is produced by means of pipes arranged in sets supplied with air from a bellows and controlled from a large complex musical keyboard;  a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function;  a periodical that is published by a special interest group;  a government agency or instrument devoted to the performance of some specific function; (music) an electronic simulation of a pipe organ;  a free reed instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows
  • organ transplantation
  • organisation   noun the act of forming something;  the activity or result of distributing or disposing persons or things properly or methodically;  the act of organizing a business or an activity related to a business;  an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized;  an organized structure for arranging or classifying;  a group of people who work together;  the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
  • organization   noun the activity or result of distributing or disposing persons or things properly or methodically;  the act of organizing a business or an activity related to a business;  an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized;  a group of people who work together;  the act of forming something;  an organized structure for arranging or classifying;  the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
  • organophosphate   noun an insecticide that interferes with an insect's nervous system
  • organophosphate poisoning
  • origin   noun properties attributable to your ancestry;  the point of intersection of coordinate axes; where the values of the coordinates are all zero;  an event that is a beginning; a first part or stage of subsequent events;  the descendants of one individual;  the place where something begins, where it springs into being
  • orogastric
  • orogastric lavage
  • oropharyngeal   adj. of or relating to or located near the oropharynx
  • oropharyngeal airway
  • orotracheal
  • ors
  • ors oral rehydration solution
  • orthopaedic injuries see musculoskeletal
  • orthopaedic see musculoskeletal system
  • orthopantomogram
  • orthostatic   adj. pertaining to an upright standing posture
  • osborn
  • osgood
  • osgood schlatter
  • osmol
  • osmol gap
  • osmolal
  • osmolality
  • osmolar
  • osmolar gap
  • ossifi
  • ossification   noun hardened conventionality;  the developmental process of bone formation;  the process of becoming rigidly fixed in a conventional pattern of thought or behavior;  the calcification of soft tissue into a bonelike material
  • osteoarthritis   noun chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
  • osteochondritis
  • osteogenesis
  • osteogenesis imperfecta   noun autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue characterized by brittle bones that fracture easily
  • osteomyelitis   noun an inflammation of bone and bone marrow (usually caused by bacterial infection)
  • osteoporosis   noun abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
  • otitis   noun inflammation of the ear
  • otitis externa   noun inflammation of the external ear (including auricle and ear canal)
  • otitis media   noun inflammation of the middle ear; common in children
  • otologic
  • otologic trauma
  • ottawa   noun the capital of Canada (located in southeastern Ontario across the Ottawa river from Quebec);  a member of the Algonquian people of southern Ontario;  a river in southeastern Canada that flows along the boundary between Quebec and Ontario to the Saint Lawrence River near Montreal
  • ottawa rules
  • outlet   noun activity that frees or expresses creative energy or emotion;  an opening that permits escape or release;  a place of business for retailing goods;  receptacle providing a place in a wiring system where current can be taken to run electrical devices
  • outstretched   adj. fully extended especially in length
  • ovale
  • ovarian   adj. of or involving the ovaries
  • ovarian cyst   noun a cystic tumor (usually benign) of the ovary
  • ovaries
  • over   adj. having come or been brought to a conclusion;  adv.throughout a period of time;  at or to a point across intervening space etc.;  throughout an area;  beyond the top or upper surface or edge; forward from an upright position;  over the entire area;  noun (cricket) the period during which a given number of balls (6 in England but 8 in Australia) are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch
  • overdose   verb dose too heavily
  • overdrainage
  • overdrainage syndrome
  • overuse   noun exploitation to the point of diminishing returns;  verbmake use of too often or too extensively
  • overuse syndrome
  • ovulatory
  • ow
  • oxalate   noun a salt or ester of oxalic acid
  • oxidase   noun any of the enzymes that catalyze biological oxidation
  • oxide   noun any compound of oxygen with another element or a radical
  • oximetry
  • oxygen   noun a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
  • oxygen tension
  • oxygen therapy
  • oxygenation   noun the process of providing or combining or treating with oxygen
  • oxytocin   noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitocin); stimulates contractions of the uterus and ejection of milk
  • p   noun the 16th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms
  • pacemaker   noun an implanted electronic device that takes over the function of the natural cardiac pacemaker;  a specialized bit of heart tissue that controls the heartbeat;  a horse used to set the pace in racing;  a leading instance in its field
  • pacemaker mediated
  • pacemaker mediated tachycardia
  • pacemakers
  • pacing   noun walking with slow regular strides;  (music) the speed at which a composition is to be played
  • packed   adj. pressed together or compressed;  filled to capacity
  • packed cell volume   noun the ratio of the volume occupied by packed red blood cells to the volume of the whole blood as measured by a hematocrit
  • packers
  • pad   noun the foot or fleshy cushion like underside of the toes of an animal;  a usually thin flat mass of padding;  a block of absorbent material saturated with ink; used to transfer ink evenly to a rubber stamp;  the large floating leaf of an aquatic plant (as the water lily);  a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge; temporary living quarters;  a platform from which rockets or space craft are launched;  verb add padding to;  line or stuff with soft material;  add details to;  walk heavily and firmly, as when weary, or through mud
  • paediatric   adj. of or relating to the medical care of children
  • paediatric resuscitation
  • paediatrics   noun the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of infants and children
  • paediatrics see children
  • page   noun one side of one leaf (of a book or magazine or newspaper or letter etc.) or the written or pictorial matter it contains; in medieval times a youth acting as a knight's attendant as the first stage in training for knighthood;  a youthful attendant at official functions or ceremonies such as legislative functions and weddings; a boy who is employed to run errands;  United States diplomat and writer about the Old South (1853 1922);  English industrialist who pioneered in the design and manufacture of aircraft (1885 1962); verb call out somebody's name over a P.A. system;  work as a page; number the pages of a book or manuscript
  • paget   noun English pathologist who discovered the cause of trichinosis (1814 1899)
  • paget disease
  • pain   noun a somatic sensation of acute discomfort;  emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid;  a bothersome annoying person;  a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder;  something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness;  verb cause emotional anguish or make miserable; cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
  • pain relief
  • painful   adj. causing physical or psychological pain;  causing physical discomfort;  exceptionally bad or displeasing;  causing misery or pain or distress
  • painless   adj. requiring little hard work or exertion;  not causing physical or psychological pain
  • painless hematochezia
  • palivizumab
  • palmar   adj. relating to the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot
  • palpable   adj. capable of being perceived by the senses or the mind; especially capable of being handled or touched or felt;  can be felt by palpation
  • palpable purpura
  • palsy   noun a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor;  loss of the ability to move a body part;  verb affect with palsy
  • pancreatic   adj. of or involving the pancreas
  • pancreatic trauma
  • pancreatitis   noun inflammation of the pancreas; usually marked by abdominal pain
  • pandemic   adj. existing everywhere;  epidemic over a wide geographical area;  noun an epidemic that is geographically widespread; occurring throughout a region or even throughout the world
  • panic   noun an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety;  sudden mass fear and anxiety over anticipated events;  verb cause sudden fear in or fill with sudden panic;  be overcome by a sudden fear
  • panic attack   noun a sudden attack of fear
  • papilloedema
  • papillomavirus
  • papulosquamous
  • papulosquamous rashes
  • paracetamol
  • paraffi
  • parahaemolyticus
  • paralysis   noun loss of the ability to move a body part
  • paralytic   adj. affected or subject to with paralysis;  relating to or of the nature of paralysis;  noun a person suffering from paralysis
  • paralytic poliomyelitis
  • paranasal   adj. adjacent to the nasal cavities
  • paraphimosis
  • paraquat   noun a poisonous yellow solid used in solution as a herbicide
  • parasites
  • parasuicidal
  • parasuicidal behavior
  • parathyroid   noun any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland
  • parathyroid hormone   noun hormone synthesized and released into the blood stream by the parathyroid glands; regulates phosphorus and calcium in the body and functions in neuromuscular excitation and blood clotting
  • parathyroid hormone in
  • paratyphoid   noun any of a variety of infectious intestinal diseases resembling typhoid fever
  • parents
  • paresis   noun a slight or partial paralysis
  • paris   noun the capital and largest city of France; and international center of culture and commerce;  a town in northeastern Texas; (Greek mythology) the prince of Troy who abducted Helen from her husband Menelaus and provoked the Trojan War;  sometimes placed in subfamily Trilliaceae
  • parity   noun functional equality;  (physics) parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right handed system of coordinates as in a left handed system;  (mathematics) a relation between a pair of integers: if both integers are odd or both are even they have the same parity; if one is odd and the other is even they have different parity;  (obstetrics) the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered;  (computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error
  • parkinson   noun British historian noted for ridicule of bureaucracies (1909 1993);  English surgeon (1755 1824)
  • parkinson disease
  • paronychia   noun low growing annual or perennial herbs or woody plants; whitlowworts;  infection in the tissues adjacent to a nail on a finger or toe
  • parotid   adj. relating to or located near the parotid gland
  • parotitis   noun inflammation of one or both parotid glands
  • paroxysmal   adj. accompanied by or of the nature of paroxysms
  • partial   adj. being or affecting only a part; not total;  showing favoritism;  (followed by `of' or `to') having a strong preference or liking for;  noun a harmonic with a frequency that is a multiple of the fundamental frequency;  the derivative of a function of two or more variables with respect to a single variable while the other variables are considered to be constant
  • partial thickness
  • particles
  • partner   noun a person who is a member of a partnership;  an associate who works with others toward a common goal;  a person's partner in marriage;  verb provide with a partner;  act as a partner
  • parvolex
  • parvum
  • past   adj. of a person who has held and relinquished a position or office;  earlier than the present time; no longer current;  a verb tense or other construction referring to events or states that existed at some previous time;  adv. so as to pass a given point;  noun a verb tense that expresses actions or states in the past;  the time that has elapsed;  a earlier period in someone's life (especially one that they have reason to keep secret)
  • past history
  • pasteurella
  • pasteurella multocida
  • patella   noun type genus of the family Patellidae: common European limpets;  a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee joint
  • patellar   adj. near or relating to the patella or kneecap
  • patellar injuries
  • patent   adj. (of a bodily tube or passageway) open; affording free passage;  clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment; noun a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention;  an official document granting a right or privilege;  verb make open to sight or notice;  obtain a patent for;  grant rights to; grant a patent for
  • patent ductus arteriosus   noun a ductus arteriosus that failed to close at birth; may require surgical correction
  • pathogenesis   noun the origination and development of a disease
  • pathological   adj. caused by or evidencing a mentally disturbed condition;  of or relating to the practice of pathology;  caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology
  • pathology   noun the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases;  any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
  • pathophysiology
  • patient   adj. enduring without protest or complaint;  enduring trying circumstances with even temper or characterized by such endurance;  noun a person who requires medical care;  the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • patients
  • patterns
  • pbt
  • pci
  • pci percutaneous coronary intervention
  • pcl
  • pcp   noun a drug used as an anesthetic by veterinarians; illicitly taken (originally in the form of powder or `dust') for its effects as a hallucinogen
  • pcp pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
  • pcr
  • pcr polymerase chain reaction
  • pcv
  • pcv packed cell volume
  • pe   noun the 17th letter of the Hebrew alphabet
  • pe pulmonary embolus
  • pea   noun seed of a pea plant used for food;  a leguminous plant of the genus Pisum with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds;  the fruit or seed of a pea plant
  • pea pulseless electrical activity
  • peak   adj. of a period of maximal use or demand or activity;  nounthe top point of a mountain or hill;  a brim that projects to the front to shade the eyes;  the highest point (of something);  the most extreme possible amount or value;  a V shape;  the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development;  the period of greatest prosperity or productivity;  verb to reach the highest point; attain maximum intensity, activity
  • peak expiratory fl ow
  • peak expiratory flow
  • pediatric   adj. of or relating to the medical care of children
  • pediatric abuse
  • pediatric apnea
  • pediatric dysphagia
  • pediatric fractures
  • pediatric resuscitation and
  • pediatric trauma
  • pediculosis   noun infestation with lice (Pediculus humanus) resulting in severe itching
  • pedis
  • pef
  • pef peak expiratory flow
  • pelligrini stieda
  • pelvic   adj. of or relating to the pelvis
  • pelvic fracture
  • pelvic infl ammatory
  • pelvic inflammatory
  • pelvic inflammatory disease   noun inflammation of the female pelvic organs (especially the Fallopian tubes) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms (chiefly gonococci and chlamydia); symptoms are abdominal pain and fever and foul smelling vaginal discharge
  • pelvic injury
  • pelvic see pelvic injuries
  • penetrating   adj. tending to penetrate; having the power of entering or piercing;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions
  • penetrating abdominal trauma
  • penetrating injuries
  • penetrating injury   noun injury incurred when an object (as a knife or bullet or shrapnel) penetrates into the body
  • penicillamine   noun a drug (trade name Cuprimine) used to treat heavy metal poisoning and Wilson's disease and severe arthritis
  • penicillamine toxicity
  • penile   adj. of or relating to the penis
  • penile shaft
  • penile shaft fracture
  • pep   noun liveliness and energy
  • pep post exposure prophylaxis
  • peptic   adj. relating to or promoting digestion
  • peptic ulcer   noun an ulcer of the mucous membrane lining of the alimentary tract
  • peptide   noun amide combining the amino group of one amino acid with the carboxyl group of another; usually obtained by partial hydrolysis of protein
  • per
  • per rectum
  • percutaneous   adj. through the unbroken skin; refers to medications applied directly to the skin (creams or ointments) or in time release forms (skin patches)
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • percutaneous coronary interventions in
  • percutaneous translaryngeal
  • perforated   adj. having a number or series of holes;  having a hole cut through
  • perforated viscous
  • perforation   noun the act of punching a hole (especially a row of holes as for ease of separation);  a line of small holes for tearing at a particular place;  a hole made in something
  • perfusion   noun pumping a liquid into an organ or tissue (especially by way of blood vessels)
  • perfusion scan
  • perianal   adj. around the anus
  • perianal cellulitis
  • periarticular
  • periarticular swellings mimicking
  • pericardial   adj. located around the heart or relating to or affecting the pericardium
  • pericardial effusion
  • pericardiocentesis
  • pericarditis   noun inflammation of the pericardium
  • perilunate
  • perilunate dislocation
  • perinatal   adj. occurring during the period around birth (5 months before and 1 month after)
  • perinatal risk factors
  • perineal   adj. of or relating to the perineum
  • perineal tear
  • period   noun a punctuation mark (.) placed at the end of a declarative sentence to indicate a full stop or after abbreviations;  the end or completion of something;  a unit of geological time during which a system of rocks formed;  one of three periods of play in hockey games;  the interval taken to complete one cycle of a regularly repeating phenomenon;  a stage in the history of a culture having a definable place in space and time;  the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause;  an amount of time
  • periodic   adj. recurring or reappearing from time to time;  happening or recurring at regular intervals;  recurring at regular intervals
  • periodic paralysis
  • periodontal   adj. of or relating to or involving or practicing periodontics
  • periodontal abscess
  • periods
  • periorbital
  • periorbital cellulitis
  • periostitis
  • peripartum
  • peripartum cardiomyopathy
  • peripheral neuropathy
  • peripheral vascular disease
  • perirectal
  • perirectal abscess
  • peristomal
  • peristomal wound infections
  • peritonitis   noun inflammation of the peritoneum
  • peritonsillar
  • peritonsillar abscess   noun a painful pus filled inflammation of the tonsils and surrounding tissues; usually a complication of tonsillitis
  • permanent   adj. continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place;  not capable of being reversed or returned to the original condition;  noun a series of waves in the hair made by applying heat and chemicals
  • permanent teeth
  • peroneal   adj. of or relating to the fibula or the outer part of the leg below the knee
  • peroneal nerve injury
  • peroneal tendon
  • perseveration   noun the tendency for a memory or idea to persist or recur without any apparent stimulus for it;  the act of persisting or persevering; continuing or repeating behavior
  • persistent   adj. never ceasing;  retained; not shed;  continually recurring to the mind
  • personal   adj. particular to a given individual;  concerning or affecting a particular person or his or her private life and personality; intimately concerning a person's body or physical being;  indicating grammatical person;  of or arising from personality;  noun a short newspaper article about a particular person or group
  • personal protective
  • persons
  • perthes
  • perthes disease
  • pertussis   noun a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
  • petechiae
  • peterson
  • peterson classification system
  • pethidine
  • petit
  • petrol   noun a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal combustion engines
  • pgl
  • pgl persistent generalized lymphadenopathy
  • ph   noun (from potential of Hydrogen) the logarithm of the reciprocal of hydrogen ion concentration in gram atoms per liter; provides a measure on a scale from 0 to 14 of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution (where 7 is neutral and greater than 7 is more basic and less than 7 is more acidic)
  • ph measurement
  • ph negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration
  • phalangeal   adj. of or relating to the bones of the fingers or toes
  • phalangeal injuries
  • phalanges
  • phalen
  • phalloides
  • pharmacologic   adj. of or relating to pharmacology
  • pharmacologic contributors
  • pharyngeal   adj. of or relating to the throat;  noun a consonant articulated in the back of the mouth or throat
  • pharyngeal burns
  • pharyngitis   noun inflammation of the fauces and pharynx
  • pharyngoesophageal
  • pharynx   noun the passage to the stomach and lungs; in the front part of the neck below the chin and above the collarbone
  • phases
  • phases of
  • phencyclidine   noun a drug used as an anesthetic by veterinarians; illicitly taken (originally in the form of powder or `dust') for its effects as a hallucinogen
  • phencyclidine poisoning
  • phenobarbital   noun a long acting barbiturate used as a sedative
  • phenobarbitone   noun a long acting barbiturate used as a sedative
  • phenol   noun any of a class of weakly acidic organic compounds; molecule contains one or more hydroxyl groups;  a toxic white soluble crystalline acidic derivative of benzene; used in manufacturing and as a disinfectant and antiseptic; poisonous if taken internally
  • phenothiazine   noun a compound used primarily in veterinary medicine to rid farm animals of internal parasites
  • phentolamine   noun a virility drug (trade name Vasomax) to treat erectile dysfunction in men
  • phentolamine toxicity
  • phenytoin   noun an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat epilepsy and that is not a sedative
  • phenytoin poisoning
  • pheo
  • pheochromocytoma   noun a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland; hypersecretion of epinephrine results in intermittent or sustained hypertension
  • phimosis   noun an abnormal tightness of the foreskin preventing retraction over the glans
  • phlegmasia
  • phlegmasia alba dolens   noun painful thrombosis of the femoral vein in the leg following childbirth
  • phlegmasia cerulea dolens
  • physical   adj. having substance or material existence; perceptible to the senses;  concerned with material things;  characterized by energetic bodily activity;  according with material things or natural laws (other than those peculiar to living matter);  involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit;  relating to the sciences dealing with matter and energy; especially physics;  impelled by physical force especially against resistance
  • physical abuse
  • physiological   adj. of or relating to the biological study of physiology;  of or consistent with an organism's normal functioning
  • physiological values in
  • physiotherapy   noun therapy that uses physical agents: exercise and massage and other modalities
  • physostigmine   noun used in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and glaucoma
  • physostigmine toxicity
  • picomol
  • pid   noun inflammation of the female pelvic organs (especially the Fallopian tubes) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms (chiefly gonococci and chlamydia); symptoms are abdominal pain and fever and foul smelling vaginal discharge
  • pid pelvic inflammatory disease
  • pigment   noun dry coloring matter (especially a powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint etc);  verb color or dye with a pigment; acquire pigment; become colored or imbued
  • pigment stones
  • pill   noun a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet; something that resembles a tablet of medicine in shape or size;  a contraceptive in the form of a pill containing estrogen and progestin to inhibit ovulation and so prevent conception;  something unpleasant or offensive that must be tolerated or endured;  a unpleasant or tiresome person
  • pilon
  • pilonidal
  • pilonidal abscess
  • pinna   noun division of a usually pinnately divided leaf;  the externally visible cartilaginous structure of the external ear
  • pinpoint   adj. meticulously precise;  noun the sharp point of a pin;  a very brief moment;  a very small spot;  verb locate exactly
  • pipkin
  • pitting   noun the formation of small pits in a surface as a consequence of corrosion
  • pityriasis   noun any of several skin disorders characterized by shedding dry flakes of skin
  • pityriasis rosea   noun pityriasis in which an itchy rash develops over the trunk and extremities
  • pityriasis versicolor
  • placenta   noun the vascular structure in the uterus of most mammals providing oxygen and nutrients for and transferring wastes from the developing fetus;  that part of the ovary of a flowering plant where the ovules form
  • placenta previa   noun pregnancy in which the placenta is implanted in the lower part of the uterus (instead of the upper part); can cause bleeding late in pregnancy; delivery by cesarean section may be necessary
  • placentae
  • placental   adj. pertaining to or having or occurring by means of a placenta;  noun mammals having a placenta; all mammals except monotremes and marsupials
  • placental abruption
  • placental estrogen
  • placental human chorionic gonadotropin
  • placental progesterone
  • plague   noun an annoyance;  any large scale calamity (especially when thought to be sent by God);  any epidemic disease with a high death rate;  a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal;  a swarm of insects that attack plants;  verb annoy continually or chronically;  cause to suffer a blight
  • plan   noun scale drawing of a structure;  a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished;  an arrangement scheme; verb make plans for something;  have the will and intention to carry out some action;  make or work out a plan for; devise;  make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form
  • planning   noun the act or process of drawing up plans or layouts for some project or enterprise;  an act of formulating a program for a definite course of action;  the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening
  • plant   noun a living organism lacking the power of locomotion; buildings for carrying on industrial labor;  something planted secretly for discovery by another;  an actor situated in the audience whose acting is rehearsed but seems spontaneous to the audience;  verbput firmly in the mind;  place something or someone in a certain position in order to secretly observe or deceive;  put or set (seeds, seedlings, or plants) into the ground;  place into a river;  fix or set securely or deeply;  set up or lay the groundwork for
  • plant poisoning
  • plantar   adj. relating to or occurring on the undersurface of the foot
  • plaque type
  • plaque type psoriasis
  • plasma   noun colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells and in which erythrocytes and leukocytes and platelets are suspended;  (physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from solid or liquid or gas and present in stars and fusion reactors; a gas becomes a plasma when it is heated until the atoms lose all their electrons, leaving a highly electrified collection of nuclei and free electrons;  a green slightly translucent variety of chalcedony used as a gemstone
  • plasmin   noun an enzyme that dissolves the fibrin of blood clots
  • plasminogen   noun an inactive form of plasmin that occurs in plasma and is converted to plasmin by organic solvents
  • plasminogen activators see streptokinase
  • plasmodium   noun parasitic protozoan of the genus Plasmodium that causes malaria in humans;  multinucleate sheet of cytoplasm characteristic of some stages of such organisms as slime molds
  • plasmodium falciparum
  • plasmodium malariae
  • plasmodium ovale
  • plasmodium vivax   noun parasitic protozoan of the genus Plasmodium that causes malaria in humans
  • plaster   noun adhesive tape used in dressing wounds;  a surface of hardened plaster (as on a wall or ceiling);  a mixture of lime or gypsum with sand and water; hardens into a smooth solid; used to cover walls and ceilings;  a medical dressing consisting of a soft heated mass of meal or clay that is spread on a cloth and applied to the skin to treat inflamed areas or improve circulation etc.;  any of several gypsum cements; a white powder (a form of calcium sulphate) that forms a paste when mixed with water and hardens into a solid; used in making molds and sculptures and casts for broken limbs;  verb coat with plaster;  apply a heavy coat to;  apply a plaster cast to;  affix conspicuously;  cover conspicuously or thickly, as by pasting something on;  dress by covering with a therapeutic substance
  • plastic   adj. capable of being influenced or formed;  forming or capable of forming or molding or fashioning;  capable of being molded or modeled (especially of earth or clay or other soft material);  noun generic name for certain synthetic or semisynthetic materials that can be molded or extruded into objects or films or filaments or used for making e.g. coatings and adhesives
  • plastic deformity
  • plate   noun dish on which food is served or from which food is eaten;  a metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners);  a sheet of metal or wood or glass or plastic;  a shallow receptacle for collection in church;  structural member consisting of a horizontal beam that provides bearing and anchorage;  a full page illustration (usually on slick paper);  a flat sheet of metal or glass on which a photographic image can be recorded;  the positively charged electrode in a vacuum tube;  any flat platelike body structure or part;  a main course served on a plate;  the thin under portion of the forequarter;  a rigid layer of the Earth's crust that is believed to drift slowly;  the quantity contained in a plate;  a dental appliance that artificially replaces missing teeth;  (baseball) base consisting of a rubber slab where the batter stands; it must be touched by a base runner in order to score; verb coat with a layer of metal
  • plateau   noun a relatively flat highland
  • platelet   noun tiny bits of protoplasm found in vertebrate blood; essential for blood clotting
  • platelet aggregation
  • platelet counts
  • platelets
  • pleural   adj. of or relating to the pleura or the walls of the thorax
  • pleural effusion
  • pleurisy   noun inflammation of the pleura of the lungs (especially the parietal layer)
  • pleuritic
  • pleuritic pain
  • plexus   noun a network of intersecting blood vessels or intersecting nerves or intersecting lymph vessels
  • pmr
  • pmr polymyalgia rheumatica
  • pnd paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea
  • pneumocystis
  • pneumocystis pneumonia   noun pneumonia occurring in infants or in persons with impaired immune systems (as AIDS victims)
  • pneumomediastinum
  • pneumonia   noun respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
  • pneumoniae
  • pneumothorax   noun abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung; may be spontaneous (due to injury to the chest) or induced (as a treatment for tuberculosis)
  • pointes
  • poisoning   noun the act of giving poison to a person or animal with the intent to kill;  the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance
  • poisoning see toxicology
  • poisonous   adj. marked by deep ill will; deliberately harmful;  not safe to eat;  having the qualities or effects of a poison
  • poisons
  • police   noun the force of policemen and officers;  verb maintain the security of by carrying out a control
  • police request for breath test or blood
  • police request for sample to
  • polio   noun an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
  • poliomyelitis   noun an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
  • poliovirus   noun the virus causing poliomyelitis
  • polyarthritis
  • polyarthropathy
  • polycythemia   noun a disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood
  • polyhydramnios
  • polymerase   noun an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA from an existing strand of DNA or RNA
  • polymyalgia
  • polymyositis   noun myositis characterized by weakness of limb and neck muscles and much muscle pain and swelling; progression and severity vary among individuals
  • polyneuropathy
  • polyneuropathy and
  • polyuria   noun renal disorder characterized by the production of large volumes of pale dilute urine; often associated with diabetes
  • pontine
  • pontine hemorrhage
  • popping   noun a sharp explosive sound as from a gunshot or drawing a cork
  • porcelain   noun ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic
  • porcelain gallbladder
  • porphyria   noun a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion
  • portuguese   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Portugal or the people of Portugal;  noun the Romance language spoken in Portugal and Brazil;  a native or inhabitant of Portugal
  • positional   adj. of or relating to or determined by position
  • positional vestibular syndrome
  • positive   adj. formally laid down or imposed;  characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance or certainty etc.;  greater than zero;  reckoned, situated or tending in the direction which naturally or arbitrarily is taken to indicate increase or progress or onward motion; indicating existence or presence of a suspected condition or pathogen;  having a positive electric charge;  involving advantage or good;  persuaded of; very sure;  marked by excessive confidence; impossible to deny or disprove;  of or relating to positivism;  noun a film showing a photographic image whose tones correspond to those of the original subject
  • post coital
  • post concussion
  • post exposure
  • post partum
  • post renal
  • post resuscitation
  • post traumatic
  • post traumatic diplopia
  • posterior   adj. at or near the hind end in quadrupeds or toward the spine in primates;  noun a tooth situated at the back of the mouth; the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • posterior cruciate ligament
  • postpartum hemorrhage
  • postpartum infection
  • postpartum preeclampsia
  • postpoliomyelitis
  • postpoliomyelitis syndrome
  • potassium excretion
  • potassium loss
  • potassium plasma
  • pott
  • power   noun possession of controlling influence;  one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;  (physics) the rate of doing work; measured in watts (= joules/second);  physical strength; possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  a state powerful enough to influence events throughout the world;  a very wealthy or powerful businessman;  (of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power;  verbsupply the force or power for the functioning of
  • ppe
  • ppe and
  • ppe personal protective equipment
  • pph
  • pr   noun a promotion intended to create goodwill for a person or institution;  a self governing commonwealth associated with the United States occupying the island of Puerto Rico;  a soft yellowish white trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; can be recovered from bastnasite or monazite by an ion exchange process
  • practitioner   noun someone who practices a learned profession
  • praevia
  • pralidoxime
  • pralidoxime toxicity
  • prasugrel
  • pre eclampsia   noun abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria; can lead to eclampsia if untreated
  • pre patellar
  • pre renal
  • preceding   adj. existing or coming before;  preceding in time or order;  of a person who has held and relinquished a position or office
  • precoma
  • precordial   adj. in front of the heart; involving the precordium
  • prednisolone   noun a glucocorticoid (trade names Pediapred or Prelone) used to treat inflammatory conditions
  • preeclampsia   noun abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria; can lead to eclampsia if untreated
  • preganacy
  • pregnancy   noun the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
  • pregnancy after
  • pregnancy and
  • pregnancy related
  • pregnancy related thrombocytopenia
  • preparations
  • prepatellar
  • preschool   noun an educational institution for children too young for elementary school
  • preschool children
  • preschool children see infants and
  • prescribing
  • present   adj. temporal sense; intermediate between past and future; now existing or happening or in consideration;  spatial sense; being or existing in a specified place;  noun a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking;  something presented as a gift;  the period of time that is happening now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech;  verbbring forward and present to the mind;  formally present a debutante, a representative of a country, etc.;  hand over formally;  introduce; recognize with a gesture prescribed by a military regulation; assume a prescribed position;  cause to come to know personally;  deliver (a speech, oration, or idea);  present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize;  represent in a painting, drawing, sculpture, or verbally;  perform (a play), especially on a stage;  show or demonstrate something to an interested audience;  give as a present; make a gift of;  give, especially as an honor or reward
  • present injury
  • pressure   noun a force that compels;  the somatic sensation that results from applying force to an area of skin;  the force applied to a unit area of surface; measured in pascals (SI unit) or in dynes (cgs unit);  an oppressive condition of physical or mental or social or economic distress;  the act of pressing; the exertion of pressure;  the state of demanding notice or attention;  verb to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city";  exert pressure on someone through threats
  • pressure related
  • pretibial
  • prevention   noun the act of preventing
  • previa
  • priapism   noun condition in which the penis is continually erect; usually painful and seldom with sexual arousal
  • prickly   adj. having or covered with protective barbs or quills or spines or thorns or setae etc.;  very irritable
  • prickly heat   noun obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity
  • prilocaine
  • primary   adj. not derived from or reducible to something else; basic;  of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondhand;  of primary importance;  most important element;  of or being the essential or basic part;  noun a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen;  one of the main flight feathers projecting along the outer edge of a bird's wing;  coil forming the part of an electrical circuit such that changing current in it induces a current in a neighboring circuit
  • primary hyperparathyroidism
  • principles
  • prinzmetal
  • problems
  • procainamide
  • procedural   adj. of or relating to procedure;  relating to court practice and procedure as opposed to the principles of law
  • procedural sedation
  • procedures
  • proctitis   noun inflammation of the rectum; marked by bloody stools and a frequent urge to defecate; frequently associated with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
  • procurator   noun (ancient Rome) someone employed by the Roman Emperor to manage finance and taxes;  a person authorized to act for another
  • products
  • professionals
  • profundus
  • progesterone   noun a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo Lutin) produced in the ovary; prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy
  • progestogen only
  • progestogen only pill
  • prolapse   noun the slipping or falling out of place of an organ (as the uterus);  verb slip or fall out of place, as of body parts
  • prolonged   adj. (of illness) developing slowly or of long duration; drawn out or made longer spatially;  relatively long in duration; tediously protracted
  • prophylaxis   noun the prevention of disease
  • propofol
  • propranolol
  • prostate   adj. relating to the prostate gland;  noun a firm partly muscular chestnut sized gland in males at the neck of the urethra; produces a viscid secretion that is the fluid part of semen
  • prostatic   adj. relating to the prostate gland
  • prostatic abscess
  • prostatitis   noun inflammation of the prostate gland characterized by perineal pain and irregular urination and (if severe) chills and fever
  • prostheses
  • prosthetic   adj. relating to or serving as a prosthesis;  of or relating to prosthetics
  • protamine   noun a simple protein found in fish sperm; rich in arginine; simpler in composition than globulin or albumin; counteracts the anticoagulant effect of heparin
  • protamine toxicity
  • protection   noun payment extorted by gangsters on threat of violence;  the activity of protecting someone or something;  the imposition of duties or quotas on imports in order to protect domestic industry against foreign competition;  the condition of being protected;  kindly endorsement and guidance;  a covering that is intend to protect from damage or injury;  defense against financial failure; financial independence
  • protective   adj. (usually followed by `of') solicitously caring or mindful;  intended or adapted to afford protection of some kind; showing a care
  • protein   noun any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
  • proteins
  • proteinuria   noun the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder
  • prothrombin   noun a protein in blood plasma that is the inactive precursor of thrombin
  • prothrombin time
  • proximal   adj. situated nearest to point of attachment or origin
  • proximal phalangeal
  • proximal phalangeal fractures
  • pruritus   noun an intense itching sensation that can have various causes (as by allergies or infection or lymphoma or jaundice etc.)
  • pseudo gout
  • pseudodementia
  • pseudodiverticula
  • pseudogout
  • pseudohyperkalemia
  • pseudohyponatraemia
  • pseudohyponatremia
  • pseudohypoparathyroidism
  • pseudomembranous candidiasis
  • pseudotumor
  • pseudotumor cerebri
  • pseudotumor cerebri and
  • psoriasis   noun a chronic skin disease characterized by dry red patches covered with scales; occurs especially on the scalp and ears and genitalia and the skin over bony prominences
  • psoriasis vulgaris
  • psychiatric   adj. relating to or used in or engaged in the practice of psychiatry
  • psychiatric commitment
  • psychiatric drugs
  • psychiatric illnesses and
  • psychiatry   noun the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
  • psychogenic   adj. mental or emotional rather than physiological in origin;  of or relating to the psychological cause of a disorder
  • psychogenic amnesia
  • psychosis   noun any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
  • psychosocial
  • psychosocial dysfunction and
  • pta post traumatic amnesia
  • pti
  • pti prothrombin index
  • ptv
  • pubic   adj. relating or near the pubis
  • public   adj. affecting the people or community as a whole;  not private; open to or concerning the people as a whole;  noun a body of people sharing some common interest;  people in general considered as a whole
  • pulled   adj. drawn toward the source of the force
  • pulled elbow
  • pulley   noun a simple machine consisting of a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run to change the direction or point of application of a force applied to the rope
  • pulmonale
  • pulmonary   adj. relating to or affecting the lungs
  • pulmonary barotrauma
  • pulmonary contusion
  • pulmonary edema
  • pulmonary embolism   noun blockage of the pulmonary artery by foreign matter or by a blood clot
  • pulmonary non vascular disorders see
  • pulmonary oedema
  • pulp   noun the soft inner part of a tooth;  an inexpensive magazine printed on poor quality paper;  any soft or soggy mass;  a soft moist part of a fruit;  a mixture of cellulose fibers;  verb reduce to pulp; remove the pulp from, as from a fruit
  • pulp space
  • pulse   noun the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart;  edible seeds of various pod bearing plants (peas or beans or lentils etc.);  the rate at which the heart beats; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health;  (electronics) a sharp transient wave in the normal electrical state (or a series of such transients);  verb produce or modulate (as electromagnetic waves) in the form of short bursts or pulses or cause an apparatus to produce pulses;  drive by or as if by pulsation; expand and contract rhythmically; beat rhythmically
  • pulseless   adj. appearing dead; not breathing or having no perceptible pulse
  • pulseless electrical
  • pulseless ventricular tachycardia
  • puncture   noun the act of puncturing or perforating;  a small hole made by a sharp object;  loss of air pressure in a tire when a hole is made by some sharp object;  verb be pierced or punctured;  cause to lose air pressure or collapse by piercing;  pierce with a pointed object; make a hole into;  make by piercing;  reduce or lessen the size or importance of
  • pupil   noun contractile aperture in the iris of the eye;  a young person attending school (up through senior high school);  a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution
  • pupils
  • purpura   noun any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding
  • purpura and
  • purpuric
  • pustular
  • pustular psoriasis
  • putamen   noun the outer reddish part of the lenticular nucleus
  • putamen hemorrhage
  • pvs
  • pyelogram   noun an X ray of the kidneys and ureters
  • pyelonephritis   noun inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection
  • pyloric   adj. relating to or near the pylorus
  • pyloric stenosis   noun narrowing of the pyloric sphincter that blocks the passage of food from the stomach into the duodenum
  • pyogenes
  • pyogenic   adj. producing pus
  • pyomyositis
  • pyrexia   noun a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection
  • pyrexia of unknown
  • pyrexia see fever
  • pyridoxine   noun a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch
  • pyridoxine toxicity
  • pyrophosphate   noun a salt or ester of pyrophosphoric acid
  • pyrrolizidine
  • pyrrolizidine alkaloids
  • q   noun the 17th letter of the Roman alphabet
  • q fever   noun an acute disease resembling influenza
  • q ventilation perfusion
  • q wave
  • qrs
  • qt
  • qt syndrome
  • qtc
  • quadriceps   noun a muscle of the thigh that extends the leg
  • quadriceps apparatus
  • quard
  • quard syndrome
  • quater
  • quater in die sumendus
  • quervain
  • questionnaire   noun a form containing a set of questions; submitted to people to gain statistical information
  • quinine   noun a bitter alkaloid extracted from chinchona bark; used in malaria therapy
  • quinsy   noun a painful pus filled inflammation of the tonsils and surrounding tissues; usually a complication of tonsillitis
  • r   noun the 18th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere;  (physics) the universal constant in the gas equation: pressure times volume = R times temperature; equal to 8.3143 joules per kelvin per mole;  a unit of radiation exposure; the dose of ionizing radiation that will produce 1 electrostatic unit of electricity in 1 cc of dry air
  • r pa
  • r pa recombinant plasminogen activator
  • rabies   noun an acute viral disease of the nervous system of warm blooded animals (usually transmitted by the bite of a rabid animal); rabies is fatal if the virus reaches the brain
  • rabies risk
  • radial   adj. arranged like rays or radii; radiating from a common center;  issuing in rays from a common center; relating to rays of light;  relating to or moving along or having the direction of a radius; relating to or near the radius;  noun pneumatic tire that has radial ply casing
  • radial fractures
  • radial head fracture
  • radial head subluxation
  • radiation   noun the act of spreading outward from a central source; a radial arrangement of nerve fibers connecting different parts of the brain;  the spread of a group of organisms into new habitats;  energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles;  the spontaneous emission of a stream of particles or electromagnetic rays in nuclear decay;  (medicine) the treatment of disease (especially cancer) by exposure to a radioactive substance; syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases; severe exposure can cause death within hours
  • radiation burns
  • radiation injury
  • radicular
  • radioactivity   noun the spontaneous emission of a stream of particles or electromagnetic rays in nuclear decay
  • radiographic   adj. relating to or produced by radiography
  • radiography   noun photography that uses other kinds of radiation than visible light;  the process of making a radiograph; producing an image on a radiosensitive surface by radiation other than visible light
  • radiography see x ray
  • radiological   adj. of or relating to radiology
  • radiological imaging see imaging
  • radiology   noun the branch of medical science dealing with the medical use of X rays or other penetrating radiation;  (radiology) examination of the inner structure of opaque objects using X rays or other penetrating radiation
  • radius   noun the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere;  the outer and slightly shorter of the two bones of the human forearm;  a circular region whose area is indicated by the length of its radius;  a straight line from the center to the perimeter of a circle (or from the center to the surface of a sphere);  support consisting of a radial member of a wheel joining the hub to the rim
  • raise   noun increasing the size of a bet (as in poker);  the amount a salary is increased;  the act of raising something;  an upward slope or grade (as in a road);  verb raise the level or amount of something; invigorate or heighten;  bring (a surface or a design) into relief and cause to project;  multiply (a number) by itself a specified number of times: 8 is 2 raised to the power 3;  establish radio communications with;  activate or stir up;  cause to be heard or known; express or utter;  pronounce (vowels) by bringing the tongue closer to the roof of the mouth;  put forward for consideration or discussion;  bet more than the previous player;  bid (one's partner's suit) at a higher level; summon into action or bring into existence, often as if by magic; construct, build, or erect;  create a disturbance, especially by making a great noise;  raise from a lower to a higher position;  cause to puff up with a leaven;  collect funds for a specific purpose;  cause to become alive again;  increase;  put an end to;  raise in rank or condition;  cause to assemble or enlist in the military;  cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques;  call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses);  move upwards;  give a promotion to or assign to a higher position;  bring up
  • raising   adj. increasing in quantity or value;  noun the properties acquired as a consequence of the way you were treated as a child; helping someone grow up to be an accepted member of the community;  the event of something being raised upward
  • ramsay
  • ramsay hunt
  • ramsay hunt syndrome   noun syndrome resulting from infection by the herpes varicella zoster virus; characterized by vertigo and pain in the ears and facial nerve paralysis and sometimes hearing loss
  • random   adj. lacking any definite plan or order or purpose; governed by or depending on chance;  taken haphazardly
  • range   noun a place for shooting (firing or driving) projectiles of various kinds;  a variety of different things or activities;  the limits within which something can be effective;  a large tract of grassy open land on which livestock can graze;  a series of hills or mountains;  the limits of the values a function can take;  a kitchen appliance used for cooking food;  an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control: "the range of a supersonic jet";  the limit of capability;  verb let eat;  lay out orderly or logically in a line or as if in a line;  range or extend over; occupy a certain area;  change or be different within limits;  have a range; be capable of projecting over a certain distance, as of a gun;  assign a rank or rating to;  feed as in a meadow or pasture;  move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment
  • ranges
  • rapd
  • rapd relative afferent pupil defect
  • rape   noun the crime of forcing a woman to submit to sexual intercourse against her will;  the act of despoiling a country in warfare;  Eurasian plant cultivated for its seed and as a forage crop; verb destroy and strip of its possession;  force (someone) to have sex against their will
  • rapid   adj. done or occurring in a brief period of time;  characterized by speed; moving with or capable of moving with high speed;  noun a part of a river where the current is very fast
  • rapid sequence induction
  • rapid sequence induction see rapid
  • rash   adj. imprudently incurring risk;  marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences;  noun a series of unexpected and unpleasant occurrences;  any red eruption of the skin
  • rashes
  • rat   noun any of various long tailed rodents similar to but larger than a mouse;  a pad (usually made of hair) worn as part of a woman's coiffure;  one who reveals confidential information in return for money;  a person who is deemed to be despicable or contemptible; someone who works (or provides workers) during a strike;  verbcatch rats, especially with dogs;  give (hair) the appearance of being fuller by using a rat;  employ scabs or strike breakers in;  desert one's party or group of friends, for example, for one's personal advantage; give away information about somebody;  take the place of work of someone on strike
  • rat bite
  • rat bite fever
  • rat bite wound
  • rate   noun amount of a charge or payment relative to some basis;  a quantity or amount or measure considered as a proportion of another quantity or amount or measure;  a magnitude or frequency relative to a time unit;  the relative speed of progress or change;  verbassign a rank or rating to;  estimate the value of;  be worthy of or have a certain rating
  • rates   noun a local tax on property (usually used in the plural)
  • ratio   noun the relative magnitudes of two quantities (usually expressed as a quotient)
  • rattlesnake   noun pit viper with horny segments at the end of the tail that rattle when shaken
  • rattlesnake antivenin toxicity
  • rbbb right bundle branch block
  • rbf
  • re   noun the syllable naming the second (supertonic) note of any major scale in solmization;  ancient Egyptian sun god with the head of a hawk; a universal creator; he merged with the god Amen as Amen Ra to become the king of the gods;  a rare heavy polyvalent metallic element that resembles manganese chemically and is used in some alloys; is obtained as a by product in refining molybdenum
  • re disease
  • reaction   noun doing something in opposition to another way of doing it that you don't like;  a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some foregoing stimulus or agent;  an idea evoked by some experience;  extreme conservatism in political or social matters;  a response that reveals a person's feelings or attitude;  (mechanics) the equal and opposite force that is produced when any force is applied to a body;  (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others
  • reactions
  • reactivation
  • reactive   adj. participating readily in reactions;  tending to react to a stimulus
  • reactive arthritis
  • receptors
  • recluse   adj. withdrawn from society; seeking solitude;  noun one who lives in solitude
  • recombinant
  • records
  • records see medical records
  • rectal   adj. of or involving the rectum
  • rectal chancre
  • rectal foreign body
  • rectal organ injury scale
  • rectal prolapse
  • rectal trauma
  • rectum   noun the terminal section of the alimentary canal; from the sigmoid flexure to the anus
  • recuronium
  • recurrence   noun happening again (especially at regular intervals)
  • recurrent   adj. recurring again and again
  • red   adj. red with or characterized by blood;  of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies;  characterized by violence or bloodshed;  (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion;  noun red color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of blood;  a tributary of the Mississippi River that flows eastward from Texas along the southern boundary of Oklahoma and through Louisiana;  emotionally charged terms used to refer to extreme radicals or revolutionaries;  the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue
  • red back
  • red eye   verb travel on an overnight flight
  • red flags
  • reduced   adj. well below normal (especially in price);  made less in size or amount or degree
  • reducing   noun loss of excess weight (as by dieting); becoming slimmer;  any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent
  • reference   noun the act of referring or consulting;  the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to;  the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to;  a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to;  a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts;  a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability;  a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage;  a remark that calls attention to something or someone;  an indicator that orients you generally;  verb refer to
  • referral   noun the act of referring (as forwarding an applicant for employment or referring a matter to an appropriate agency);  a recommendation to consult the (professional) person referred to
  • reflex   adj. without volition or conscious control;  noun an automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus
  • reflexes
  • reflux   noun an abnormal backward flow of body fluids;  the outward flow of the tide
  • refusal   noun a message refusing to accept something that is offered;  the act of refusing
  • regarding
  • regular   adj. in accord with regular practice or procedure;  relating to a person who does something regularly;  officially full time;  not deviating from what is normal;  in accordance with fixed order or procedure or principle;  (of solids) having clear dimensions that can be measured; volume can be determined with a suitable geometric formula;  (used of the military) belonging to or engaged in by legitimate army forces;  conforming to a standard or pattern; regularly scheduled for fixed times;  often used as intensifiers;  not constipated;  occurring at fixed intervals;  symmetrically arranged; noun a garment size for persons of average height and weight;  a regular patron;  a dependable follower (especially in party politics);  a soldier in the regular army
  • regulator   noun any of various controls or devices for regulating or controlling fluid flow, pressure, temperature, etc.;  a official responsible for control and supervision of a particular activity or area of public interest;  a control that maintains a steady speed in a machine (as by controlling the supply of fuel)
  • regurgitation   noun recall after rote memorization;  backflow of blood through a defective heart valve;  the reflex act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • rehydration
  • reiter   noun German bacteriologist who described a disease now known as Reiter's syndrome and who identified the spirochete that causes syphilis in humans (1881 1969)
  • rejection   noun the act of rejecting something;  the speech act of rejecting;  (medicine) an immunological response that refuses to accept substances or organisms that are recognized as foreign;  the state of being rejected
  • related   adj. connected by kinship, common origin, or marriage; being connected either logically or causally or by shared characteristics;  having close kinship and appropriateness;  similar or related in quality or character
  • relating
  • relative   adj. not absolute or complete;  properly related in size or degree or other measurable characteristics; usually followed by `to'; noun an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus); a person related by blood or marriage
  • relatives
  • relaxants
  • release   noun (music) the act or manner of terminating a musical phrase or tone;  a formal written statement of relinquishment;  activity that frees or expresses creative energy or emotion;  merchandise issued for sale or public showing (especially a record or film);  a device that when pressed will release part of a mechanism;  a process that liberates or discharges something;  the act of liberating someone or something;  the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart);  the act of allowing a fluid to escape;  a legal document evidencing the discharge of a debt or obligation;  an announcement distributed to members of the press in order to supplement or replace an oral presentation;  euphemistic expressions for death;  verb part with a possession or right;  generate and separate from cells or bodily fluids;  eliminate (substances) from the body;  make (assets) available;  prepare and issue for public distribution or sale;  let (something) fall or spill a container;  release, as from one's grip;  grant freedom to; free from confinement;  make (information) available publication
  • relief   noun the act of freeing a city or town that has been besieged; aid for the aged or indigent or handicapped;  assistance in time of difficulty;  sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to stand out from the surrounding background;  the feeling that comes when something burdensome is removed or reduced;  (law) redress awarded by a court;  the condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially after being relieved of distress);  the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance);  a change for the better;  someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult);  a pause for relaxation
  • removal   noun dismissal from office;  the act of removing
  • renal   adj. of or relating to the kidneys
  • renal artery thrombosis
  • renal calculus   noun a calculus formed in the kidney
  • renal excretion
  • renal failure   noun inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance