Dictionary-of-government-S

From WikiMD

  • sabotage  - activities that involve a violation, or that would involve such a violation if committed against the United States.
  • sac vides  - Empty diplomatic pouches being returned to the Department or country of origin.
  • sacred objects  - specific ceremonial objects which are needed by traditional Native American religious leaders for the practice of traditional Native American religions by their present day adherents
  • safe haven  - 1. Designated area(s) to which noncombatant evacuees of the United States Government’s responsibility and commercial vehicles and materiel may be evacuated during a domestic or other valid emergency. 2. A protected body of water or the well deck of an amphibious ship used by small craft operating offshore for refuge from storms or heavy seas.
  • safe haven  - The temporary storage of a posts valuable records in the Department or a nearby post deemed appropriate until hostilities subside.
  • safe house  - An innocent-appearing house or premises established by an organization for the purpose of conducting clandestine or covert activity in relative security.
  • safeguard officer  - A cleared person who watches classified diplomatic pouches while the courier is attending to other business.
  • safeguarding  - measures and controls that are prescribed to protect classified information.
  • safeguards  - Protective measures prescribed to meet the security requirements (i.e., confidentiality, integrity, and availability) specified for an information system. Safeguards may include security features, management constraints, personnel security, and security of physical structures, areas, and devices. Synonymous with security controls and countermeasures.
  • safeguards  - Protective measures prescribed to meet the security requirements (i.e., confidentiality, integrity, and availability) specified for an information system. Safeguards may include security features, management constraints, personnel security, and security of physical structures, areas, and devices. Synonymous with security controls and countermeasures.
  • safekeeping  - The transfer of custody of classified diplomatic pouches from a diplomatic courier for temporary storage in a secure area (such as an embassy vault). Safekeeping requires receipt of all items on a DS-7600 retained locally until custody is returned to the diplomatic courier.
  • safe-to-arm switch  - device used to arm the improvised explosive device (IED) to ensure that the emplacer can safely plant the improvised explosive device (IED) and leave the location.
  • safety  - condition of being safe from undergoing or causing hurt, injury, or loss.

safety belt- (A) with respect to open-body passenger vehicles, including convertibles, an occupant restraint system consisting of a lap belt or a lap belt and a detachable shoulder belt; and (B) with   817 respect to other passenger vehicles, an occupant restraint system consisting of integrated lap shoulder belts. §153. )

  • safety concern  - any hazard associated with a capability or asset or a subsystem of a capability or asset that is likely to cause serious bodily injury or death to a typical Coast Guard user in testing, maintaining, repairing, or operating the capability, asset, or subsystem or any hazard associated with the capability, asset, or subsystem that is likely to cause major damage to the capability, asset, or subsystem during the course of its normal operation by a typical Coast Guard user.
  • safety investigation  - an investigation by Coast Guard personnel of an aircraft accident that is conducted solely to determine the cause of the accident and to obtain information that may prevent the occurrence of similar accidents.
  • safety, health, environmental management system  - part of an organization’s management system used to develop and implement its safety, health, environmental systems policy and manage its environmental aspects a set of interrelated elements (organizational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, and resources) used to establish and achieve environmental performance objectives.
  • safing  - As applied to weapons and ammunition, the changing from a state of readiness for initiation to a safe condition. Also called de-arming.
  • sailing school student  - an individual who is on board a sailing school vessel to receive sailing instruction.
  • sale or sell  - any sale, exchange, contract to sell, consignment for sale, shipment for sale, or other disposition.
  • sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service costs  - the costs related to sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service for the following: (A) Sales and marketing promotion, media advertising, advertising and market research, promotional and demonstration materials, exhibits, sales conferences, trade shows, conventions, banners, marketing displays, free samples, sales, marketing and after-sales service literature (product brochures, catalogs, technical literature, price lists, service manuals, sales aid information), establishment and protection of logos and trademarks, sponsorships, wholesale and retail restocking charges, and entertainment. (B) Sales and marketing incentives, consumer, retailer, or wholesaler rebates, and merchandise incentives. (C) Salaries and wages, sales commissions, bonuses, benefits (such as medical, insurance, and pension), traveling and living expenses, and membership and professional fees for sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service personnel. (D) Recruiting and training of sales promotion, marketing, and after- sales service personnel, and after-sales training of customers' employees, where such costs are identified separately for sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service of goods on the financial statements or cost accounts of the producer. (E) Product liability insurance. (F) Office supplies for sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service of goods, where such costs are identified separately for sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service of goods on the financial statements or cost accounts of the producer. (G) Telephone, mail, and other communications, where such costs are identified separately for sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service of goods on the financial statements or cost accounts of the producer. (H) Rent and depreciation of sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service offices and distribution centers. (I) Property insurance, taxes, utilities, and repair and maintenance of sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service offices and distribution centers, where such costs are identified separately for sales promotion, marketing, and after-sales service of goods on the financial statements or cost accounts of the producer. (J) Payments by the producer to other persons for warranty repairs. self-produced material - a material that is produced by the producer of a good and used in the production of that good. shipping and packing costs - the costs incurred in packing a good for shipment and shipping the good from the point of direct shipment to the buyer, but does not include the costs of preparing and

  818   packaging the good for retail sale.

  • saline water  - sea water, brackish water, and other mineralized or chemically impaired water.
  • salvage  - 1. Property that has some value in excess of its basic material content but is in such condition that it has no reasonable prospect of use for any purpose as a unit and its repair or rehabilitation for use as a unit is clearly impractical. 2. The saving or rescuing of condemned, discarded, or abandoned property, and of materials contained therein for reuse, refabrication, or scrapping.
  • salvage  - Personal property that has value greater than its basic material content, but for which repair or rehabilitation is clearly impractical or uneconomical.
  • salvage automobile  - an automobile that is damaged by collision, fire, flood, accident, trespass, or other event, to the extent that its fair salvage value plus the cost of repairing the automobile for legal operation on public streets, roads, and highways would be more than the fair market value of the automobile immediately before the event that caused the damage.
  • salvage value  - The estimated value of an asset at the end of its useful life. A standard 10-percent salvage value is used for all Department-owned assets.
  • salvage yard  - an individual or entity engaged in the business of acquiring or owning salvage automobiles for (A) resale in their entirety or as spare parts; or (B) rebuilding, restoration, or crushing.
  • sanction enforcement  - Operations that employ coercive measures to control the movement of certain types of designated items into or out of a nation or specified area.
  • sanctioned person  - a foreign person, and any parent, affiliate, subsidiary, or successor entity of the foreign person, upon whom sanctions have been imposed.
  • sanctions  - tangible, proportional consequences that hold the juvenile offender accountable for the offense committed. A sanction may include counseling, restitution, community service, a fine, supervised probation, or confinement.
  • sanitary or phytosanitary measure  - a measure to (i) protect animal or plant life or health in the United States from risks arising from the introduction, establishment, or spread of a pest or disease;(ii) protect human or animal life or health in the United States from risks arising from the presence of an additive, contaminant, toxin, or disease-causing organism in a food, beverage, or feedstuff; (iii) protect human life or health in the United States from risks arising from a disease-causing organism or pest carried by an animal or plant, or a product thereof; or (iv) prevent or limit other damage in the United States arising from the introduction, establishment, or spread of a pest.
  • sanitary or phytosanitary standard  - a standard intended to form a basis for a sanitary or phytosanitary measure.
  • sanitization  - Process to remove information from media such that information recovery is not possible. It includes removing all labels, markings, and activity logs.
  • satellite  - the satellites proposed to be acquired for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • scan  - utilizing nonintrusive imaging equipment, radiation detection equipment, or both, to capture data, including images of a container.

  819

  • scanner  - An electronic device used to reproduce an exact image.
  • scanning  - utilization of nonintrusive imaging equipment, radiation detection equipment, or both, to capture data, including images.
  • scenario risk  - hypothetical situation comprised of a hazard, an entity impacted by that hazard, and associated conditions including consequences when appropriate.
  • scenario mapping  - A structured strategic thinking process in which emerging issues and critical events are projected to occur over the next 3 to 6 months; each scenario presents a different projection/ forecast. The process facilitates shorter-term strategic thinking-planning around the emerging issues and critical events pertinent to political transition.
  • scenic easement  - the right to control the use of land (including the air space above such land) within the authorized boundaries of a component of the wild and scenic rivers system, for the purpose of protecting the natural qualities of a designated wild, scenic or recreational river area, but such control shall not affect, without the owner's consent, any regular use exercised prior to the acquisition of the easement. For any designated wild and scenic river, the appropriate Secretary shall treat the acquisition of fee title with the reservation of regular existing uses to the owner as a scenic easement for purposes of this chapter. Such an acquisition shall not constitute fee title ownership.
  • schedule and timetable of compliance  - a schedule of required measures including an enforceable sequence of actions or operations leading to compliance with an emission limitation, other limitation, prohibition, or standard.
  • schedule of compliance  - a schedule of remedial measures including an enforceable sequence of actions or operations leading to compliance with an effluent limitation, other limitation, prohibition, or standard.
  • schedule of compliance  - a schedule of remedial measures, including an enforceable sequence of actions or operations, leading to compliance with an applicable implementation plan, emission standard, emission limitation, or emission prohibition.
  • schedule of fire  - Groups or series of fires that are fired in a definite sequence according to a definite program.
  • schedule risk  - likelihood of failing to meet schedule plans and the effect of that failure either from lack of internal controls or those associated with late delivery by vendors, resulting in missed milestones.
  • scheduled annual leave  - Leave requested and approved in advance in writing on Form OPM-71, Request for Leave or Approved Absence, for use at specified periods of time.
  • scheduled target  - Planned target upon which fires or other actions are scheduled for prosecution at a specified time. See also planned target; target.
  • scheme of fires  - The detailed, logical sequence of targets and fire support events to find and engage targets to support the commander’s objectives.
  • scheme of maneuver  - The central expression of the commander’s concept for operations that governs the design of supporting plans or annexes of how arrayed forces will accomplish the mission.
  • scheme or artifice to defraud  - a scheme or artifice to deprive another of the intangible right of honest services.

  820  

  • school dropout  - an individual who is no longer attending any school and who has not received a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent.
  • school dropout  - an individual who is no longer attending any school and who has not received a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent.
  • school leader residency program  - a school-based principal or other school leader preparation program in which a prospective principal or other school leader (A) for 1 academic year, engages in sustained and rigorous clinical learning with substantial leadership responsibilities and an opportunity to practice and be evaluated in an authentic school setting; and (B) during that academic year (i) participates in evidence-based coursework, to the extent the State (in consultation with local educational agencies in the State) determines that such evidence is reasonably available, that is integrated with the clinical residency experience; and (ii) receives ongoing support from a mentor principal or other school leader, who is effective.
  • school of allied health  - a public or nonprofit private college, junior college, or university or hospital- based educational entity that- (A) provides, or can provide, programs of education to enable individuals to become allied health professionals or to provide additional training for allied health professionals; (B) provides training for not less than a total of twenty persons in the allied health curricula (except that this subparagraph shall not apply to any hospital-based educational entity); (C) includes or is affiliated with a teaching hospital; and (D) is accredited by a recognized body or bodies approved for such purposes by the Secretary of Education, or which provides to the Secretary satisfactory assurance by such accrediting body or bodies that reasonable progress is being made toward accreditation.
  • school or department of divinity  - an institution, or a department or a branch of an institution, the program of instruction of which is designed for the education of students (A) to prepare the students to become ministers of religion or to enter upon some other religious vocation (or to provide continuing training for any such vocation); or (B) to prepare the students to teach theological subjects.
  • school resource officer  - a career law enforcement officer, with sworn authority, deployed in community-oriented policing, and assigned by the employing police department or agency to work in collaboration with schools and community-based organizations- (A) to address crime and disorder problems, gangs, and drug activities affecting or occurring in or around an elementary or secondary school; (B) to develop or expand crime prevention efforts for students;(C) to educate likely school- age victims in crime prevention and safety;(D) to develop or expand community justice initiatives for students;(E) to train students in conflict resolution, restorative justice, and crime awareness;(F) to assist in the identification of physical changes in the environment that may reduce crime in or around the school; and(G) to assist in developing school policy that addresses crime and to recommend procedural changes.
  • school year  - the period of 12 months beginning July 1 of any calendar year and ending June 30 of the following calendar year.
  • school-based mental health services provider  - a State-licensed or State-certified school counselor, school psychologist, school social worker, or other State licensed or certified mental health professional qualified under State law to provide mental health services to children and adolescents.
  • school-based prevention  - programs, which are institutionalized, and run by.
  • Science and Technology Directorate  - Department of Homeland Security Support Component that establishes, administers and coordinates the research and development and test and evaluation activities for the Department and advises the Secretary on efforts and priorities in support of the

  821 Department’s missions.

  • scientific and technical intelligence  - The product resulting from the collection, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation of foreign scientific and technical information that covers: a. foreign developments in basic and applied research and in applied engineering techniques; and b. scientific and technical characteristics, capabilities, and limitations of all foreign military systems, weapons, weapon systems, and materiel; the research and development related thereto; and the production methods employed for their manufacture. Also called S&TI. See also intelligence; technical intelligence.
  • scientific collection  - a set of physical specimens, living or inanimate, created for the purpose of supporting science and serving as a long-term research asset, rather than for their market value as collectibles or their historical, artistic, or cultural significance, and, as appropriate and feasible, the associated specimen data and materials.
  • scientific data  - Data obtained through the scientific method, observation, research, and technical analysis that are testable, verifiable, and repeatable, or contain measures of uncertainty.
  • scientific or professional position  - positions are classified above GS-15 that do not meet Senior Executive Service classification criteria and involve high-level research and development.
  • scientific personnel  - individuals on board an oceanographic research vessel only to engage in scientific research, or to instruct or receive instruction in oceanography or limnology.

scientifically based reading research- (A) research that applies rigorous, systemic, and objective procedures to obtain valid knowledge relevant to reading development, reading instruction, and reading difficulties; and (B) includes research that (i) employs systemic, empirical methods that draw on observation or experiment; (ii) involves rigorous data analyses that are adequate to test the stated hypotheses and justify the general conclusions drawn; (iii) relies on measurements or observational methods that provide valid data across evaluators and observers and across multiple measurements and observations; and (iv) has been accepted by a peer-reviewed journal or approved by a panel of independent experts through a comparably rigorous, objective, and scientific review.

  • scientifically based research  - research that is carried out using scientifically based research standards.
  • scientist  - an individual who has a degree from an institution of higher education in a science that has practical application in the nuclear nonproliferation sciences.
  • scrap  - personal property that has no value except its basic metallic, mineral, or organic content.
  • scrap  - Property that has no value except for its basic material content.
  • screen barrier  - fully framed assembly of grooved wood dowels or meshed screening that is intended to form a protective barrier over windows or on doors, and on which a fine wire lacing is installed in parallel runs of opposite polarity at intervals not exceeding 102 mm (4 inches).
  • screening  - a visual or automated review of information about goods, including manifest or entry documentation accompanying a shipment being imported into the United States, to determine the presence of misdeclared, restricted, or prohibited items and assess the level of threat posed by such cargo.
  • screening  - In intelligence, the evaluation of an individual or a group of individuals to determine their potential to answer collection requirements or to identify individuals who match a predetermined source profile coupled with the process of identifying and assessing the areas of knowledge,

  822   cooperation, and possible approach techniques for an individual who has information of intelligence value.

  • screening  - systematic examination or assessment, done especially to detect a potential threat or risk or any particular substance, attribute, person, or undesirable material includes methods that agencies use to investigate locations or geographic areas, or an applicant’s background to identify potential security risks and the degree/ extent of the investigation may vary based on access/ position requirements.
  • screening medical  - medical assessment to detect a disease or serious health condition when signs or symptoms may not be visible examples include; osteoporosis bone density scans, skin cancer checks, blood sugar/ diabetes checks, or blood pressure readings.
  • script  - Also called a macro or batch file, a script is an ordered list of commands that can be executed as a unit without user interaction. During execution, a script can require a response from a user. A script language is a simple programming language with which you can write scripts. Common script languages include - Java Script, Visual Basic (VB), PERL, and PHP - Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP).
  • sea areas  - Areas in the amphibious objective area designated for the stationing of amphibious task force ships. See also amphibious objective area; fire support area; inner transport area; sea echelon area.
  • sea barge  - A type of barge-ship that can carry up to 38 loaded barges and also carry tugs, stacked causeway sections, various watercraft, or heavy-lift equipment to better support joint logistics over- the-shore operations.
  • sea control operations  - The employment of forces to destroy enemy naval forces, suppress enemy sea commerce, protect vital sea lanes, and establish local military superiority in vital sea areas. See also land control operations.
  • sea echelon  - A portion of the amphibious warfare ships or other ships that withdraws from or remains out of the transport area during an amphibious landing and operates in designated areas to seaward in an on-call or unscheduled status.
  • sea echelon area  - In amphibious operations, an area to seaward of a transport area from which ships are phased into the transport area, and to which ships withdraw from the transport area.
  • sea echelon plan  - In amphibious operations, the distribution plan for amphibious shipping in the transport area to minimize losses due to enemy attack by weapons of mass destruction and to reduce the area to be swept of mines. See also amphibious operation.
  • sea grant program  - a program of research and outreach which is administered by one or more sea grant colleges or sea grant institutes.
  • sea mine  - explosive device laid in the water with the intention of damaging or sinking ships or of deterring shipping from entering an area does not include devices attached to the bottom of ships or to harbor installations by personnel operating underwater.
  • sea state  - A scale that categorizes the force of progressively higher seas by wave height.
  • seabasing  - The deployment, assembly, command, projection, reconstitution, sustainment, and re- employment of joint power from the sea without reliance on land bases within the operational area. See also amphibious operation.

  823

  • seal crimping device  - A controlled item of equipment used to crimp the lead or plastic string-tie type of seals.
  • SEAL delivery vehicle team  - United States Navy forces organized, trained, and equipped to conduct special operations with SEAL delivery vehicles, dry deck shelters, and other submersible platforms.
  • SEAL team  - United States Navy forces organized, trained, and equipped to conduct special operations with an emphasis on maritime, coastal, and riverine environments.
  • sealed bidding  - Acquisition by competitive sealed bids. This method of procurement requires that specifications be written describing the requirements of the U.S. Government clearly, accurately, and completely, so that the evaluation of bids can be based on the lowest bid submitted by a responsive and responsible bidder.
  • sealift enhancement features  - Special equipment and modifications that adapt merchant-type dry cargo ships and tankers to specific military missions. Also called SEFs. See also Military Sealift Command; Ready Reserve.
  • seaman  - an individual (except scientific personnel, a sailing school instructor, or a sailing school student) engaged or employed in any capacity on board a vessel.
  • seaman of the United States  - United States citizens and lawful resident aliens of the United States when they are sailing on a United States flag vessel under the authority of United States Coast Guard issued licenses or merchant mariner documents.
  • seaport  - A land facility designated for reception of personnel or materiel moved by sea, and that serves as an authorized port of entrance into or departure from the country in which located. See also port of debarkation; port of embarkation.
  • search  — A systematic reconnaissance of a defined area, so that all parts of the area have passed within visibility.
  • search  - an intrusive examination in which a container is opened and its contents are devanned and visually inspected for the presence of misdeclared, restricted, or prohibited items.
  • search  - manual examination with or without assisting detection technologies, to resolve anomalies, to confirm adherence to standards or compliance with laws, or to detect threats for passengers and cargo, includes cavity search on passenger, pat-down, visual inspection, devanning of containers, etc.
  • search and detect sensor  - sensor which detects, measures, may indicate and/ or record objects and activities by means of energy or particles emitted, reflected, or modified by objects for the purpose of identifying IED activity.
  • search and rescue center facility  - a Coast Guard shore facility that maintains a search and rescue mission coordination and communications watch.
  • search and rescue numerical encryption grid  — A predesignated ten-letter word without repeated letters used exclusively by recovery forces or isolated personnel to encrypt numerical data such as position, time, and/ or headings in a covert manner.
  • search and rescue point  - A predesignated specific location, relative to which isolated personnel provide their position to recovery forces. Also called SARDOT.

  824  

  • search and rescue region  - An area of defined dimensions, recognized by the International Civil Aviation Organization, International Maritime Organization, or other cognizant international body, and associated with a rescue coordination center within which search and rescue services are provided.

search and rescue -The use of aircraft, surface craft, submarines, and specialized rescue teams and equipment to search for and rescue distressed persons on land or at sea in a permissive environment. Also called SAR. See also combat search and rescue; isolated personnel; joint personnel recovery center; personnel recovery coordination cell.

  • search engine  - A computer program that helps a user find information on the Internet.
  • seasonal agricultural services  - the performance of field work related to planting, cultural practices, cultivating, growing and harvesting of fruits and vegetables of every kind and other perishable commodities, as defined in regulations by the Secretary of Agriculture.
  • seat belt  - 
(i) with respect to open-body motor vehicles, including convertibles, an occupant restraint system consisting of a lap belt or a lap belt and a detachable shoulder belt; and
(ii) with respect to other motor vehicles, an occupant restraint system consisting of integrated lap and shoulder belts.
  • seclusion  - a behavior control technique involving locked isolation. Such term does not include a time out.
  • second crop  - a second crop of the same agricultural commodity as the first crop, or a crop of a different agricultural commodity following the first crop, planted on the same acreage as the first crop for harvest in the same crop year, except the term does not include a replanted crop.
  • secondary drinking water regulation  - a regulation which applies to public water systems and which specifies the maximum contaminant levels which, in the judgment of the Administrator, are requisite to protect the public welfare. Such regulations may apply to any contaminant in drinking water (A) which may adversely affect the odor or appearance of such water and consequently may cause a substantial number of the persons served by the public water system providing such water to discontinue its use, or (B) which may otherwise adversely affect the public welfare. Such regulations may vary according to geographic and other circumstances.
  • secondary improvised explosive device  - additional improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced in the target area to attack individuals or vehicles after the initial event.
  • secondary loads  - Unit equipment, supplies, and major end items that are transported in the beds of organic vehicles.
  • secondary school  - a day or residential school which provides secondary education, as determined under State law.
  • secondary transmission  - the further transmitting of a primary transmission simultaneously with the primary transmission, or nonsimultaneously with the primary transmission if by a cable system not located in whole or in part within the boundary of the forty-eight contiguous States, Hawaii, or Puerto Rico: Provided, however, That a nonsimultaneous further transmission by a cable system located in Hawaii of a primary transmission shall be deemed to be a secondary transmission if the carriage of the television broadcast signal comprising such further transmission is permissible under the rules, regulations, or authorizations of the Federal Communications Commission.

  825

  • second-line support  - second level in a hierarchy of support groups involved in the resolution of issues that due to higher technical issues could not be solved by the first-line support.
  • secret  - Security classification that shall be applied to information, the unauthorized disclosure of which reasonably could be expected to cause serious damage to the national security that the original classification authority is able to identify or describe.
  • secret classification  - information, the unauthorized disclosure of which could reasonably be expected to cause serious damage to the national security of the United States.
  • secret ballot  - the expression by ballot, voting machine, or otherwise, but in no event by proxy, of a choice with respect to any election or vote taken upon any matter, which is cast in such a manner that the person expressing such choice cannot be identified with the choice expressed.
  • SECRET Internet Protocol Router Network  - The worldwide SECRET-level packet switch network that uses high-speed internet protocol routers and high-capacity Defense Information Systems Network circuitry. Also called SIPRNET. See also Defense Information Systems Network.

Secretary concerned- (1) the Secretary of Energy, with respect to matters concerning the Department of Energy; and (2) the Secretary of Defense, with respect to matters concerning the Department of Defense. secretary concerned- (A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to matters concerning the Army; (B ) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to matters concerning the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard when it is operating as a service in the Department of the Navy; (C) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to matters concerning the Air Force; and(D) the Secretary of Homeland Security, with respect to matters concerning the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Department of the Navy. secretary concerned —
(A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to matters concerning the Army;


  • Secretary of Defense  - Responsible for homeland defense and may also authorize Defense Support of Civil Authorities for domestic incidents as directed by the President or when consistent with military readiness operations and appropriate under the circumstances and the law. When Department of Defense military forces are authorized to support the needs of civil authorities, command of those forces remains with the Secretary of Defense.
  • secret-cleared U.S. citizen  - A citizen of the United States who has undergone a background investigation by an authorized U.S. Government Agency and been issued a Secret security clearance, in accordance with Executive Orders 13526, and implementing guidelines and standards published in 32 CFR 147.
  • secret-cleared U.S. citizen  - A citizen of the United States who has undergone a background investigation by an authorized U.S. Government Agency and been issued a Secret security clearance, in accordance with Executive Orders 13526, and implementing guidelines and standards published in 32 CFR 147.

  826  

  • section  - 1. As applied to ships or naval aircraft, a tactical subdivision of a division. 2. A subdivision of an office, installation, territory, works, or organization; especially a major subdivision of a staff. 3. A tactical unit of the Army and Marine Corps smaller than a platoon and larger than a squad. 4. An area in a warehouse extending from one wall to the next; usually the largest subdivision of one floor.
  • section telegram  - A Department telegram exceeding 110 lines of type, from heading through end of message functions, that is divided into sections to facilitate transmission.
  • sector air defense commander  - Commander subordinate to an area/ regional air defense commander, who is responsible for air and missile defenses in the assigned sector and exercises authorities delegated by the area/ regional air defense commander. Also called SADC.
  • Sector Command Center  - Joint - Sector Command Center with U.S. Navy personnel to augment U.S. Coast Guard Sector Command Center organization and coordinate operations and planning.
  • Sector Command Center  - U.S. Coast Guard organization that serves in an operations integration function capacity and is organizationally located to equally support both Response and Prevention Departments with the Sector Command.
  • Sector Coordinating Council  - a private sector coordinating council composed of representatives of owners and operators within a particular sector of critical infrastructure established by the National Infrastructure Protection Plan or any successor.
  • Sector-Specific Agency  - in the Presidential Policy Directive entitled 'Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience', numbered 21, and dated February 12, 2013.
  • Sector-Specific Agency  - the Federal department or agency designated under this directive to be responsible for providing institutional knowledge and specialized expertise as well as leading, facilitating, or supporting the security and resilience programs and associated activities of its designated critical infrastructure sector in the all-hazards environment.
  • secure  - to gain possession of and/ or to ensure protection from unauthorized use, harm, loss or risk to reduce risk and protect information and/ or critical infrastructure from a terrorist attack, natural disaster, or other type of incident, either malicious or unintentional.
  • secure area information security  - area, room, group of rooms, building, or installation where classified information may be stored, used, discussed, and/ or electronically processed so designated as such by the appropriate authority.
  • Secure Internet Protocol Router Network  - U.S. Department of Defense network for the exchange of classified information and messages at the Secret level.
  • secure room  - Any room with floor-to-ceiling, slab-to-slab construction of some substantial material, i.e., concrete, brick, cinder block, plywood, or plaster board. Any window areas or penetrations of wall areas over 15.25 cm (96 square inches) must be covered with either grilling or substantial type material. Entrance doors must be constructed of solid wood, metal, etc., and be capable of holding a DS-approved three-way combination lock with interior extension.
  • Secure Video and Data Collaboration  - IRMs program for using ClassNet for Secret high collaborative video conferencing. SVDC is managed by IRMs VPO. Also called SVDC.

  827

  • secure voice  - Systems in which transmitted conversations are encrypted to make them unintelligible to anyone except the intended recipient. Within the context of Department security standards, secure voice systems must also have protective features included in the environment of the systems terminals.
  • secure/ security  - reducing the risk to critical infrastructure by physical means or defense cyber measures to intrusions, attacks, or the effects of natural or manmade disasters.
  • secured domestic Department of State facility  - Any building or other location in the United States or its Commonwealths or Territories staffed or managed by the Department, which the Bureau of Diplomatic Security (DS) determines as warranting restricted entry.

securitizer- (A) an issuer of an asset-backed security; or (B) a person who organizes and initiates an asset-backed securities transaction by selling or transferring assets, either directly or indirectly, including through an affiliate, to the issuer.

  • security  — 1. Measures taken by a military unit, activity, or installation to protect itself against all acts designed to, or which may, impair its effectiveness. 2. A condition that results from the establishment and maintenance of protective measures that ensure a state of inviolability from hostile acts or influences. 3. With respect to classified matter, the condition that prevents unauthorized persons from having access to official information that is safeguarded in the interests of national security. See also national security.
  • security  - any note, stock, treasury stock, security future, security-based swap, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement, collateral- trust certificate, preorganization certificate or subscription, transferable share, investment contract, voting-trust certificate, certificate of deposit for a security, fractional undivided interest in oil, gas, or other mineral rights, any put, call, straddle, option, or privilege on any security, certificate of deposit, or group or index of securities (including any interest therein or based on the value thereof), or any put, call, straddle, option, or privilege entered into on a national securities exchange relating to foreign currency, or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or any certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for, guarantee of, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing.
  • security  - condition that results from the establishment and maintenance of protective measures that ensure a state of inviolability from hostile acts or influences.
  • security  - the protection of the Nation and its people, vital interests, and way of life.
  • security agreement  - an agreement that creates or provides for a lien.
  • security anomaly  - An irregularity possibly indicative of a security breach, an attempt to breach security, or of noncompliance with security standards, policy, or procedures.
  • security anomaly  - An irregularity possibly indicative of a security breach, an attempt to breach security,

  828   or of noncompliance with security standards, policy, or procedures. FAM 091 )

security assistance- (A) assistance (military assistance) or (economic support fund) or (military education and training) or (peacekeeping operations) or (antiterrorism assistance); (B) sales of defense articles or services, extensions of credits (including participations in credits), and guaranties of loans under the Arms Export Control Act; or (C) any license in effect with respect to the export to or for the armed forces, police, intelligence, or other internal security forces of a foreign country of — (i) defense articles or defense services under the Armed Export Control Act; or (ii) items listed under the Commerce Control List contained in title 15, Code of Federal Regulations. security assistance- (A) assistance under part II (military assistance) or part IV (economic support fund ) or part V (military education and training) or part VI (peacekeeping operations) or part VIII (antiterrorism assistance) of this subchapter; (B) sales of defense articles or services, extensions of credits (including participations in credits), and guaranties of loans under the Arms Export Control Act 22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.]; or (C) any license in effect with respect to the export to or for the armed forces, police, intelligence, or other internal security forces of a foreign country.

  • security assistance  - A group of programs authorized by Title 22], as amended, or other related statutes by which the United States provides defense articles, military training, and other defense-related services by grant, loan, credit, cash sales, or lease, in furtherance of national policies and objectives. State's Bureau of Political-Military Affairs (PM) develops military assistance policy and manages security assistance funding for Foreign Military Financing (FMF), International Military Education and Training (IMET), and Peacekeeping Operations (PKO). Those security assistance programs that are administered by DoD are a subset of security cooperation. Also called SA.
  • security assistance  - Group of programs authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and the Arms Export Control Act of 1976, as amended, or other related statutes by which the United States provides defense articles, military training, and other defense-related services by grant, loan, credit, or cash sales in furtherance of national policies and objectives. Security assistance is an element of security cooperation funded and authorized by Department of State to be administered by Department of Defense/ Defense Security Cooperation Agency. Also called SA. See also security cooperation.

security assistance -(A) assistance (military assistance) or (economic support fund) or (military education and training) or (peacekeeping operations) or (antiterrorism assistance); (B) sales of defense articles or services, extensions of credits (including participations in credits), and guaranties of loans under the Arms Export Control Act; or (C) any license in effect with respect to the export to or for the armed forces, police, intelligence, or other internal security forces of a foreign country of — (i) defense articles or defense services under the Armed Export Control Act; or (ii) items listed under the Commerce Control List, Code of Federal Regulations.

  • security categories  - The characterization of information or an information system based on an assessment of the potential impact that a loss of confidentiality, integrity, or availability of such information or information system would have on organizational operations, organizational assets, or individuals.
  • security categorization  - The characterization of information or an information system based on an assessment of the potential impact that a loss of confidentiality, integrity, or availability of such information or information system would have on organizational operations, organizational assets, or individuals.

  829

  • security category  - characterization of information or an information system based on an assessment of the potential impact that a loss of confidentiality, integrity, or availability of such information or information system would have on organizational operations, organizational assets, or individuals.
  • security category  - discretionary appropriations associated with agency budgets for the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the National Nuclear Security Administration, the intelligence community management account (95–0401–0–1– 054), and all budget accounts in budget function 150 (international affairs).
  • security category  - the characterization of information or an information system based on an assessment of the potential impact that a loss of confidentiality, integrity, or availability of such information or information system would have on agency operations, agency assets, individuals, other organizations, and the Nation.
  • security classification  - A category to which national security information and material is assigned to denote the degree of damage that unauthorized disclosure would cause to national defense or foreign relations of the United States and to denote the degree of protection required. There are three such categories: top secret, secret, and confidential. See also classification; security.
  • security classification designations  - Refers to Top Secret, Secret, and Confidential designations on classified information or material.
  • security clearance  - administrative determination made by competent authority that an individual is eligible, has a need-to-know, has been briefed, and met all of the requirements from a security standpoint for access to classified information.
  • security clearance  — An administrative determination by competent authority that an individual is eligible for access to classified information.
  • security control  - management, operational, and technical controls (i.e., safeguards or countermeasures ) prescribed for an information system to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the system and its information.
  • security control  - the management, operational, and technical controls used to protect against an unauthorized effort to adversely affect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of an information system or its information.
  • security control  - the safeguards or countermeasures prescribed for an information system or an organization to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the system and its information.
  • security control assessment  - the testing or evaluation of security controls to determine the extent to which the controls are implemented correctly, operating as intended, and producing the desired outcome with respect to meeting the security requirements for an information system or organization.
  • security control baseline  - the set of minimum security controls defined for a low-impact, moderate- impact, or high-impact information system.
  • security cooperation  - Activities undertaken by DoD to encourage and enable international partners to work with the United States to achieve strategic objectives. It includes all DoD interactions with foreign defense and security establishments, including all DoD-administered security assistance

  830   programs, that: build defense and security relationships that promote specific U.S. security interests, including all international armaments cooperation activities and security assistance activities; develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations; and provide U.S. forces with peacetime and contingency access to host nations. Also called SC.

  • security cooperation  — All Department of Defense interactions with foreign defense establishments to build defense relationships that promote specific US security interests, develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations, and provide US forces with peacetime and contingency access to a host nation. Also called SC. See also security assistance.
  • security cooperation organization  - All Department of Defense elements located in a foreign country with assigned responsibilities for carrying out security assistance/ cooperation management functions. It includes military assistance advisory groups, military missions and groups, offices of defense and military cooperation, liaison groups, and defense attaché personnel designated to perform security assistance/ cooperation functions. Also called SCO.
  • security domain  - The environment of systems for which a unique security policy is applicable.
  • Security Environment Threat List  - A Department threat list intended to cover all localities operating under the authority of a chief of mission and staffed by direct-hire U.S. personnel. This list is developed in coordination with the Intelligence Community and issued annually by the Bureau of Diplomatic Security (DS).
  • security equipment  - Protective devices such as intrusion alarms, safes, locks, and destruction equipment that provide physical or technical surveillance protection as their primary purpose.
  • security force assistance  - The Department of Defense activities that contribute to unified action by the US Government to support the development of the capacity and capability of foreign security forces and their supporting institutions. Also called SFA.
  • security force assistance  - The DOD activities that contribute to unified action by the U.S. Government to support the development of the capacity and capability of foreign security forces and their supporting institutions. Also called SFA.
  • security forces  - any military or paramilitary forces, any police or other law enforcement agency
  • security forces  - Duly constituted military, paramilitary, police, and constabulary forces of a state.
  • security functions  - security, law enforcement, investigations, and protective service functions.
  • security futures product  - a security future or any put, call, straddle, option, or privilege on any security future.
  • security guideline  - any security-related guidance that the Secretary recommends, for implementation on a voluntary basis, to enhance the security of surface transportation.
  • security incident  - A knowing, willful, or negligent action resulting in the failure to safeguard materials appropriately. Security incidents may be judged as either security infractions or security violations.

  831

  • security incident  - an event that has, or could have, resulted in loss or damage to Department assets, or sensitive information, or an action that breaches Department security procedures.
  • security infraction  - knowing, willful, or negligent action contrary to the requirements of Executive Order 12958, as amended, and its implementing directives, that does not rise to the level of a security violation.
  • security interest  - an interest (including an interest established by a conditional sales contract, mortgage, equipment trust, or other lien or title retention contract, or lease) in a motor vehicle when the interest secures payment or performance of an obligation.
  • security management system  - a set of guidelines that address the security assessment needs of critical infrastructure and key resources that are consistent with a set of generally accepted management standards ratified and adopted by a standards making body.
  • security professional  - functional career occupation (e.g., Chief Security Officer, Facility Security Officer, Program Security Officer, Special Security Representative, or Special Security Officer) in which the incumbent executes or manages federal government agency or industrial security programs and related security activities, ensuring compliance with government security policies, directives, and procedures.
  • security review  - The process of reviewing information and products prior to public release to ensure the material will not jeopardize ongoing or future operations. See also security.
  • security risk  - risk associated with the security/ vulnerability of systems, web sites, information and networks includes; risk of intrusions and connectivity to other (vulnerable) systems; risk associated with the evolution of credible threats; risk associated with the misuse (criminal/ fraudulent) of information; level of risk (high, medium, basic) and what aspect of security determines the level of risk (e.g., need for confidentiality of information associated with the project/ system, availability of the information or system, or reliability of the information or system).
  • security sector assistance  - The set of policies, programs and activities the U.S. uses to engage with partners and help shape their policies and actions; help partners build and sustain capacity for security, safety and justice; and enable partners to help address common security challenges. Also called SSA.
  • security sector reform  - A comprehensive set of programs and activities undertaken by a host nation to improve the way it provides safety, security, and justice. Also called SSR.
  • security sector reform  - A comprehensive set of programs and activities undertaken to improve the way a host nation provides safety, security, and justice. Also called SSR.
  • security sector reform  - The set of policies, plans, programs, and activities that a government undertakes to improve the way it provides safety, security, and justice. The overall objective is to provide these services in a way that promotes an effective and legitimate public service that is transparent, accountable to civilian authority, and responsive to the needs of the public. From a donor perspective, SSR is an umbrella term that might include integrated activities in support of: defense and armed forces reform; civilian management and oversight; justice; police; corrections; intelligence reform; national security planning and strategy support; border management; disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR); and/ or reduction of armed violence. Also called SSR.

  832  

  • security service  - Entity or component of a foreign government charged with responsibility for counterespionage or internal security functions.
  • security services  - acts to protect people or property as defined by regulations promulgated by the Attorney General.
  • security testing  - accessing a computer, computer system, or computer network, solely for the purpose of good faith testing, investigating, or correcting, a security flaw or vulnerability, with the authorization of the owner or operator of such computer, computer system, or computer network.
  • security violation  - knowing, willful, or negligent action: (1) that could reasonably be expected to result in an unauthorized disclosure of classified information; (2) to classify or continue the classification of information contrary to the requirements of Executive Order 12958, as amended, and its implementing directives; and/ or (3) to create or continue a special access program contrary to the requirements of Executive Order 12958, as amended.
  • security vulnerability  - any attribute of hardware, software, process, or procedure that could enable or facilitate the defeat of a security control.
  • security warning  - An ACP operating signal appearing on Format Line 4 and used to prevent the transmission of classified telegrams in plain language over nonsecure circuits/ channels.
  • security-in-depth  - facility security program consisting of layered and complementary security controls sufficient to deter and detect unauthorized entry and movement within the facility includes, but is not limited to, use of perimeter fences, employee and visitor access controls, use of an intrusion detection system, random guard patrols throughout the facility during nonworking hours, closed circuit video monitoring, or other safeguards that mitigate the vulnerability of open storage areas without alarms and security storage cabinets during nonworking hours.
  • security-related incident  - A case of serious injury, loss of life, or significant destruction of property at or related to a U.S. government mission abroad, or a case of a serious breach of security involving intelligence activities or a foreign government directed at a U.S. mission abroad (other than a facility or installation subject to the control of a U.S. area combatant commander).
  • security-related technology  - any technology that assists the Administration in the prevention of, or defense against, threats to United States transportation systems, including threats to people, property, and information.
  • segment  - one of two or more divisions, product departments, plants, or other subdivisions of an organization reporting directly to a home office, usually identified with responsibility for profit and/ or producing a product or service. The term includes—(1) Government-owned contractor-operated (GOCO) facilities; and (2) Joint ventures and subsidiaries (domestic and foreign) in which the organization has — (i) A majority ownership; or (ii) Less than a majority ownership, but over which it exercises control.
  • segregable expansion  - An increase to an existing commercial activity that can be separately competed.
  • segregation  - In detainee operations, the removal of a detainee from other detainees and their environment for legitimate purposes unrelated to interrogation, such as when necessary for the movement, health, safety, and/ or security of the detainee, the detention facility, or its personnel.
  • segregation  - the operation of a school system in which students are wholly or substantially separated among the schools of an educational agency on the basis of race, color, sex, or national origin or

  833 within a school on the basis of race, color, or national origin.

  • segregation of duties  - concept of having more than one person required to complete a task and is a key element of internal control.
  • seize  - To employ combat forces to occupy physically and to control a designated area.
  • seizure  - taking physical possession and/ or control of property, merchandise or other articles from the possession or control of an individual or establishment includes confiscation of cash, real estate, or vehicles, etc., and/ or assumption of unclaimed or abandoned property.
  • seizures  - In counterdrug operations, includes drugs and conveyances seized by law enforcement authorities and drug-related assets confiscated based on evidence that they have been derived from or used in illegal narcotics activities. See also counterdrug operations; law enforcement agency.
  • select phase  - capital planning phase used to identify all new, ongoing, and operational investments for inclusion into the agency’s investment portfolio(s).
  • Selected Reserve  - the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of any of the reserve components
  • Selected Reserve  - Those units and individuals within the Ready Reserve designated by their respective Services and approved by the Joint Chiefs of Staff as so essential to initial wartime missions that they have priority over all other reserves. See also Ready Reserve.
  • Selecting Official  - An individual delegated the authority to make the management decision regarding who is selected for placement in a position.
  • selective identification feature  - A capability that, when added to the basic identification friend or foe system, provides the means to transmit, receive, and display selected coded replies.
  • selective loading  - The arrangement and stowage of equipment and supplies aboard ship in a manner designed to facilitate issues to units.
  • selective mobilization  - Expansion of the active Armed Forces resulting from action by Congress or the President to mobilize Reserve Component units, Individual Ready Reservists, and the resources needed for their support to meet the requirements of a domestic emergency that is not the result of an enemy attack.
  • selective off-loading  - The capability to access and off-load vehicles, supplies, and equipment without having to conduct a major reconfiguration or total off-load; influenced by the number and types of ships allocated, and the space made available for the embarkation of the landing force.
  • selective placement factor  - Knowledge, skills, abilities, or special qualifications that are in addition to the minimum requirements in a qualification standard, but are determined to be essential to perform the duties and responsibilities of a particular position. Applicants who do not meet a selective factor are ineligible for further consideration.
  • selective unloading  - In an amphibious operation, the controlled unloading from amphibious warfare ships, and movement ashore, of specific items of cargo at the request of the landing force commander.

  834  

  • self-administration  - a student's discretionary use of his or her prescribed asthma or anaphylaxis medication, pursuant to a prescription or written direction from a health care practitioner.
  • Self-Assessment Occupational Questionnaire (i.e., crediting plan, occupational questions)  - A measurement tool for consistently and fairly evaluating the job-related competencies/ possession of knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) of applicants.
  • self-inspection  - internal review and evaluation of individual agency activities and the agency as a whole with respect to the implementation of the program established under E.O. 13526 and it’s implementing directives.
  • self-inspection  - the internal review and evaluation of individual agency activities and the agency as a whole with respect to the implementation of the program established under this order and its implementing directives.
  • self-insurance  - the assumption or retention of the risk of loss by the contractor, whether voluntarily or involuntarily. Self-insurance includes the deductible portion of purchased insurance.
  • self-management program health  - collaborative, interactive, and ongoing process that involves educators and people with health problems to provide program participants with the knowledge, problem-solving skills, and tools needed to successfully manage their health problems, avoid complications, make informed decisions, and engage in healthy behaviors.
  • self-proving will  - A will having an attached affidavit signed by a notary public that shows the will was properly signed and witnessed and that it is the will of the person who signed it - Many states accept such wills in order to avoid the cumbersome process of requiring an executor to track down the witnesses - A will whose validity does not have to be testified to in court by the witnesses to it, since the witnesses executed an affidavit reflecting proper execution of the will prior to the maker's death.
  • self-proving will  - A will that eliminates some of the formalities of proof by execution in compliance with the applicable statute. A will may be made self-proving by an affidavit of attesting witnesses in the form prescribed by statute.
  • self-study training  - method where learners complete objectives individually at their own rate and pace
  • sell or distribute  - to distribute, sell, offer for sale, hold for distribution, hold for sale, hold for shipment, ship, deliver for shipment, release for shipment, import, export, hold for import, hold for export, or receive and (having so received) deliver or offer to deliver.
  • semiconductor chip product  - the final or intermediate form of any product — (A) having two or more layers of metallic, insulating, or semiconductor material, deposited or otherwise placed on, or etched away or otherwise removed from, a piece of semiconductor material in accordance with a predetermined pattern; and (B) intended to perform electronic circuitry functions.
  • semi-quantitative risk assessment methodology  - set of methods, principles, or rules to assess risk that uses bins, scales, or representative numbers whose values and meanings are not maintained in other contexts.
  • sender  - Person or organization that enters items into the diplomatic pouch and mail service. Also called originator or mailer.
  • sender  - Used interchangeably with signing officer.

  835

  • senior  - an individual who is 65 years of age or older.
  • Senior Accountable Official Directive System  - person in a Component at the Chief of Staff level or higher (or designee) who provides final approval on all Directives System related documents on behalf of the Component.
  • senior agency official  - the official designated by the agency head to direct and administer the agency's program under which information is classified, safeguarded, and declassified.
  • Senior Agency Official for Privacy  - the senior official, designated by the head of each agency, who has agency-wide responsibility for privacy, including implementation of privacy protections; compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies relating to privacy; management of privacy risks at the agency; and a central policy-making role in the agency’s development and evaluation of legislative, regulatory, and other policy proposals.
  • Senior Agency Official for Privacy  - the senior official, designated by the head of each agency, who has agency-wide responsibility for privacy, including implementation of privacy protections; compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies relating to privacy; management of privacy risks at the agency; and a central policy-making role in the agency’s development and evaluation of legislative, regulatory, and other policy proposals.
  • Senior Agency Official for Records Management  - the senior official who has direct responsibility for ensuring that the agency efficiently and appropriately complies with all applicable records management statutes, regulations, NARA policy and OMB policy.
  • Senior Agency Official Classified Information  - person designated by the agency head to direct and administer the agency’s program under which information is classified, safeguarded, and declassified.
  • senior airfield authority  - An individual designated by the joint force commander to be responsible for the control, operation, and maintenance of an airfield to include the runways, associated taxiways, parking ramps, land, and facilities whose proximity directly affects airfield operations. Also called SAA.
  • senior contracting official  - The staff official designated by a Service head of contracting activity to execute theater support contracting authority for a specific command and/ or operational area. Also called SCO.
  • Senior Executive Service  - classification of positions in an agency which is classified above GS–15 pursuant to the Executive Schedule, or an equivalent position, which is not required to be filled by an appointment by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate in which an employee — (A) directs the work of an organizational unit; (B) is held accountable for the success of one or more specific programs or projects; (C) monitors progress toward organizational goals and periodically evaluates and makes appropriate adjustments to such goals; (D) supervises the work of employees other than personal assistants; or (E) otherwise exercises important policymaking, policy-determining, or other executive functions; but does not include — (i) any position in the Foreign Service of the United States; or (ii) an administrative law judge position.
  • Senior Federal Law Enforcement Official  - An official appointed by the Attorney General during an incident requiring a coordinated Federal response to coordinate all law enforcement, public safety, and security operations with intelligence or investigative law enforcement operations directly related to the incident. The SFLEO is a member of the Unified Coordination Group and, as such, is responsible to ensure that allocation of law enforcement requirements and resource allocations are coordinated as appropriate with all other members of the Group. In the event of a terrorist incident,

  836   the SFLEO will normally be a senior Federal Bureau of Investigation official who has coordinating authority over all law enforcement activities related to the incident, both those falling within the Attorney General’s explicit authority as recognized in Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5 and those otherwise directly related to the incident itself. Also called SFLEO.

Senior Federal officials- (i) employed at a rate of pay specified in or fixed; (ii) employed in a position in an Executive Agency, including any independent agency, at a rate of pay payable for level I of the Executive Schedule or employed in the Executive Office of the President at a rate of pay payable for level II of the Executive Schedule; (iii) employed in a position in an Executive Agency that is not referred to in clause (i)and for which the basic rate of pay, exclusive of any locality-based pay adjustment under U.S. Code (or any comparable adjustment pursuant to interim authority of the President), is equal to or greater than the rate of basic pay payable for the Senior Executive Service; or (iv) appointed by the President to a position under U.S. Code. Generally, these are persons employed by the White House and executive agencies, including independent agencies, at a rate of pay equal to or greater than the minimum rate of basic pay for the Senior Executive Service. Exempted from this definition are active duty military officers.

  • Senior Financial Officer  - individual designated as the senior financial management officer within a Component, regardless of position title.
  • Senior Foreign Disclosure and Release Authority  - senior military or civilian official designated in writing by the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis/ Chief Intelligence Officer as responsible for DHS’s Foreign Disclosure and Release Program as specified in ICD 403.
  • Senior Insider Threat Official  - senior departmental official responsible for the management, oversight, and accountability of the DHS Insider Threat Program subject to the guidance and direction of the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis designated by the Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis (USIA).
  • senior level position  - positions are classified above GS-15 that do not meet Senior Executive Service classification criteria may be in either the competitive or excepted service.

senior level service school- (A) The Army War College, (B) The College of Naval Warfare. (C) The Air War College. D) The Marine Corps War College.

  • senior meteorological and oceanographic officer  — Meteorological and oceanographic officer responsible for assisting the combatant commander and staff in developing and executing operational meteorological and oceanographic service concepts in support of a designated joint force. Also called SMO. See also meteorological and oceanographic.
  • senior procurement executive  - the individual appointed who is responsible for management direction of the acquisition system of the executive agency, including implementation of the unique acquisition policies, regulations, and standards of the executive agency.
  • senior security  - any bond, debenture, note, or similar obligation or instrument constituting a security and evidencing indebtedness, and any stock of a class having priority over any other class as to distribution of assets or payment of dividends.
  • seniority  - longevity in employment together with any benefits of employment which accrue with, or are determined by, longevity in employment.
  • sense and avoid capability  – the capability of an unmanned aircraft to remain a safe distance from and to avoid collisions with other airborne aircraft.

  837

  • sensitive  - An agency, installation, person, position, document, material, or activity requiring special protection from disclosure that could cause embarrassment, compromise, or threat to the security of the sponsoring power.
  • sensitive area information security  - area where sensitive information is discussed or processed on a routine basis.
  • Sensitive But Unclassified  - An administrative control marking which indicates that an unclassified document requires a degree of protection. This marking replaces the Limited Official Use (LOU) administrative control marking.
  • Sensitive But Unclassified information  - warrants a degree of protection and administrative control that meets the criteria for exemption from public disclosure set forth under the Freedom of Information Act and the Privacy Act. Also called SBU.
  • Sensitive But Unclassified information  - information that is not classified, but is sensitive in nature and the unauthorized disclosure of which could adversely impact a person’s privacy or welfare, the conduct of federal programs, or other programs or operations essential to the national interest.
  • Sensitive But Unclassified information  - Information which, either alone or in the aggregate, meets any of the following criteria and is deemed sensitive by the Department, and must be protected in accordance with the magnitude of its loss or harm that could result from inadvertent or deliberate disclosure, alteration, or destruction of the data- (1) Medical, personnel, financial, investigative, or any other information the release of which would result in substantial harm, embarrassment, inconvenience, or unfair treatment to the Department, or any individual on whom the information is maintained, such as information protected; (2) Information relating to the issuance or refusal of visas or permits to enter the United States; (3) Information that may jeopardize the physical safety of Department facilities, personnel, and their dependents, as well as U.S. citizens abroad; (4) Proprietary, trade secrets, commercial, or financial information the release of which would place the company or individual on whom the information is maintained at a competitive disadvantage; (5) Information the release of which would have a negative effect on foreign policy or relations; (6) Information relating to official travel to locations deemed to have a terrorist threat; (7) Information considered mission-critical to an office or organization, but that is not national security information; and (8) Information that could be manipulated to commit fraud. Also called SBU.
  • sensitive compartmented information  - a category of highly classified information, which requires special protection governed by the Director of National Intelligence (DNI). Also called SCI.
  • sensitive compartmented information  - All information and materials bearing special community controls indicating restricted handling within present and future community intelligence collection programs and their end products for which community systems of compartmentation have been or will be formally established. (These controls are over and above the provisions of DOD 5200.1-R, Information Security Program Regulation.) Also called SCI.
  • sensitive compartmented information  - classified information concerning, or derived from, intelligence sources and/ or methods established by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) the sensitivity of which requires that it be protected in a formal controlled environment than other classified information.
  • Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) level  - a level of classification for information in such material concerning or derived from intelligence sources, methods, or analytical processes that requires such information to be handled within formal access control systems established by the Director of Central Intelligence.
  • sensitive compartmented information facilities  - a accredited area, room, group of rooms, building, or

  838   installation where sensitive compartmented information may be stored, used, discussed and/ or electronically processed. Also called SCIF. (513 )

sensitive compartmented information facility - An accredited area, room, group of rooms, or installation where sensitive compartmented information may be stored, used, discussed, and/ or electronically processed, where procedural and physical measures prevent the free access of persons unless they have been formally indoctrinated for the particular sensitive compartmented information authorized for use or storage within the sensitive compartmented information facility. Also called SCIF. See also sensitive compartmented information.

  • sensitive compartmented information facility  - An area accredited to be used for the processing, storage, use, and discussion of sensitive compartmented information in accordance with Intelligence Community Directive 705. Also called SCIF.
  • sensitive compartmented information facility escort  - sensitive compartmented information cleared security officer or person authorized by the Special Security Officer to perform escort duties within a sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF).
  • sensitive compartmented information facility life cycle  - process of continuous monitoring and evaluation, periodic re-evaluations, and documentation review to ensure the sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF) is maintained in an accredited state.
  • Sensitive Compartmented Information Operational Network  - Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI ) enterprise network for processing, transmitting, and storing information at the Top Secret/ SCI level.
  • sensitive countries list  - the list prescribed by the Secretary of Energy known as the Department of Energy List of Sensitive Countries.
  • sensitive information  - confidential commercial, financial, or proprietary information, technical data, or other privileged information.
  • sensitive initiative  - highly visible or sensitive system, such as Presidential Priority initiatives, for which DHS is the managing partner; collaborative technology; changes to the DHS security architecture; web-enabled services that extend beyond a single Component, etc., that may be raised to a higher investment level.
  • sensitive intelligence information  - Such intelligence information of which unauthorized disclosure would lead to counteraction- (1) Jeopardizing the continued productivity of intelligence sources or methods which provide intelligence vital to national security; or (2) Offsetting the value of intelligence vital to national security.
  • sensitive location immigration  - locations specified in INA, where if an enforcement action leading to a removal proceeding was taken against an alien at any of the locations specified in the Notice to Appear (NTA) includes a statement that the provisions have been complied with. specified locations include: domestic violence shelter, rape crisis center, supervised visitation center, family justice center, a victim services, or victim services provider, or a community-based organization.
  • sensitive military operation  - a lethal operation or capture operation conducted by the armed forces outside the United States and outside a theater of major hostilities pursuant to — (1) the Authorization for Use of Military Force; or (2) any other authority except — (A) a declaration of war; or (B) a specific statutory authorization for the use of force other than the authorization referred

  839 to in paragraph (1). (e) EXCEPTION.—(1) The notification requirement shall not apply with respect to a sensitive military operation executed within the territory of Afghanistan pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military Force. (2) The exception in paragraph (1) shall cease to be in effect at the close of December 31, 2017.

  • sensitive nuclear technology  - any information (including information incorporated in a production or utilization facility or important component part thereof) which is not available to the public and which is important to the design, construction, fabrication, operation or maintenance of a uranium enrichment or nuclear fuel reprocessing facility or a facility for the production of heavy water, but shall not include Restricted Data controlled.
  • sensitive personal information  - any information about an individual maintained by an agency, including the following: (A) Education, financial transactions, medical history, and criminal or employment history. (B) Information that can be used to distinguish or trace the individual's identity, including name, social security number, date and place of birth, mother's maiden name, or biometric records.
  • sensitive personal property  - All items, regardless of value, that require special control and accountability due to unusual rates of loss, theft or misuse, or due to national security or export control considerations. Such property includes weapons, ammunition, explosives, information- technology equipment with memory capability, cameras, and communications equipment. These classifications do not preclude agencies from specifying additional personal property classifications to effectively manage their programs.
  • sensitive personally identifiable information  - Personal information that specifically identifies an individual and, if such information is exposed to unauthorized access, may cause harm to that individual at a moderate or high impact level.
  • sensitive personally identifiable information  - personally identifiable information which, if lost, compromised, or disclosed without authorization could result in substantial harm, embarrassment, inconvenience, or unfairness to an individual some types of personally identifiable information, such as social security number (SSNs), alien registration number, and biometric identifiers, are always sensitive.
  • sensitive position  - any position in the Department of State the occupant of which could bring about, because of the nature of the position, a material adverse effect on the national security. In view of the highly sensitive nature of the operations and activities of the Department, all positions must be considered as critical-sensitive, except for such positions as may be specifically designated otherwise by the Bureau of Diplomatic Security, Diplomatic Security Service (DS/ DSS).
  • sensitive site  - A geographically limited area that contains, but is not limited to, adversary information systems, war crimes sites, critical government facilities, and areas suspected of containing high value targets.
  • sensitive unit  - a unit that is primarily involved in training for the conduct of, or conducting, special activities or classified missions, including—A) a unit involved in collecting, handling, disposing, or storing of classified information and materials;(B) a unit engaged in training — (i) special operations units;(ii) security group commands weapons stations; or (iii) communications stations; and (C) any other unit that is designated as a sensitive unit by the Secretary of Defense or, in the case of the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, by the Secretary of Homeland Security.
  • sensitivity position  - position assessment designation indicating the degree of damage an individual in the position could effect to the national security.

  840  

  • sensitivity analysis  - process to determine how outputs of a methodology differ in response to variation of the inputs or conditions.
  • sensitivity attributes  - User-supplied indicators of file sensitivity the system uses to enforce an access control policy.
  • sensor classification  - categories for various types of sensors includes: a) Passive: Sensors that detect some type of energy that is emitted by the target of interest or the change of a natural field caused by the target; b) Active: Sensors that transmit some type of energy and detect a change in the received energy created by the presence of motion of the target; c) Covert: Sensors that are hidden from view. (e.g. buried sensors); d) Visible: Sensors that are in plain view of an intruder; e) Line-of- sight: Sensors that perform acceptably only when installed on flat ground with a clear line-of-sight in the detection space; f) Terrain Following: Sensors that detect equally well on flat or irregular terrain with uniform detection throughout the detection zone; g) Volumetric: Sensors that detect intrusion in a volume of space. The detection zone of these types of sensors is usually difficult to identify; h) Line Detection: Sensors that detect along a line. The detection zone of these types of sensors is usually easy to identify; and i) Application: Sensors that are grouped by application in a physical detection space.
  • sensor defeat  - methods and technologies incorporated into the device construction and employment for the purpose of defeating detection or identification methods and friendly TTPs.
  • sensor switch  - switch used to detect change in heat, light, movement, vibration, electromagnetic frequency, sound or magnetic field.
  • separate account  - an account established and maintained by an insurance company pursuant to the laws of any State or territory of the United States, the District of Columbia, or of Canada or any province thereof, under which income, gains and losses, whether or not realized, from assets allocated to such account, are, in accordance with the applicable contract, credited to or charged against such account without regard to other income, gains, or losses of the insurance company.
  • separate account  - an account established or maintained by an insurance company under which income, gains, and losses, whether or not realized, from assets allocated to such account, are, in accordance with the applicable contract, credited to or charged against such account without regard to other income, gains, or losses of the insurance company.
  • separate maintenance allowance  - An allowance intended to offset the additional expenses incurred by an employee who is compelled by the circumstances described in subparagraphs (1) through (3) of this definition, to maintain a separate household for the family or a member of the family- (1) Involuntary SMA (for the convenience of the U.S. Government) - When adverse, dangerous, or notably unhealthy conditions warrant the exclusion of members of family from an area or when the agency determines a need to exclude members of a family from accompanying an employee to an area; (2) Transitional SMA (following termination of an evacuation and conversion of a post to an unaccompanied status) - The purpose of transitional SMA is to assist an employee with additional costs incurred when eligible family members are required to occupy commercial housing while establishing permanent housing following an evacuation; and (3) Voluntary SMA (for special needs or hardship of an employee) - When an employee requests SMA for special needs or hardship prior to or after arrival at post for reasons including but not limited to career, health, education, or family considerations for the spouse or domestic partner, children, or other family member (children, including sisters and brothers, unless attending secondary school must be under age 18 or incapable of self support). Also called SMA.
  • separate smaller contract  - with respect to a bundling of contract requirements, a contract that has been performed by 1 or more small business concerns or was suitable for award to 1 or more small

  841 business concerns.

  • separation  - the involuntary severance of the child from his or her parent(s) by action of a competent authority for good cause and in accordance with the laws of the foreign sending country. This is often called termination of parental rights and often occurs because of child abuse or neglect, or because a competent authority deems the parent to be unfit. The parent(s) must have been properly notified and granted the opportunity to contest such action. The termination of all parental rights and obligations must be permanent and unconditional.
  • separation employment  - cessation of employment relationship types of separation include:   resignations (leaving government and moving to another government agency), retirements (disability, mandatory, voluntary, full retirement, involuntary, etc.), removals, death, reduction in force or RIF, terminations, etc.
  • sequel  - The subsequent major operation or phase based on the possible outcomes (success, stalemate, or defeat) of the current major operation or phase. See also branch.
  • sequential training  - training designed such that learning of new or more complex skills or knowledge is built on and reinforces previously learned material.
  • sequester and sequestration  - the cancellation of budgetary resources provided by discretionary appropriations or direct spending law.

serial - 1. An element or a group of elements within a series that is given a numerical or alphabetical designation for convenience in planning, scheduling, and control. 2. A group of people, vehicles, equipment, or supplies and is used in airborne, air assault, amphibious operations, and convoys. serial assignment table -A table that is used in amphibious operations and shows the serial number, the title of the unit, the approximate number of personnel; the material, vehicles, or equipment in the serial; the number and type of landing craft and/ or amphibious vehicles required to boat the serial; and the ship on which the serial is embarked.

  • serious bodily injury  - 
(A) injury posing a substantial risk of death;
(B) extreme physical pain;
(C ) protracted and obvious disfigurement; or
(D) protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty.
  • serious bodily injury  - injury that creates a substantial risk of death or which causes serious, permanent disfigurement or impairment.
  • serious emotional disturbance  - an offender who currently, or at any time within the 1-year period ending on the day on which services are sought, has a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that functionally impairs the offender's life by substantially limiting the offender's role in family, school, or community activities, and interfering with the offender's ability to achieve or maintain one or more developmentally-appropriate social, behavior, cognitive, communicative, or adaptive skills.
  • serious employment handicap  - a significant impairment, resulting in substantial part from a service- connected disability rated at 10 percent or more, of a veteran's ability to prepare for, obtain, or retain employment consistent with such veteran's abilities, aptitudes, and interests.
  • serious health condition  - an illness, injury, impairment, or physical or mental condition that involves -

  842   the examinations or evaluations determine that a serious health condition exists. Continuing treatment by a health care provider may include one or more of the following- (a) A period of incapacity of more than three consecutive calendar days, including any subsequent treatment or period of incapacity relating to the same condition, that also involves- (i) Treatment two or more times by a health care provider, by a health care provider under the direct supervision of the affected individual's health care provider, or by a provider of health care services under orders of, or on referral by, a health care provider; or (ii) Treatment by a health care provider on at least one occasion which results in a regimen of continuing treatment under the supervision of the health care provider (e.g., a course of prescription medication or therapy requiring special equipment to resolve or alleviate the health condition). (b) Any period of incapacity due to pregnancy or childbirth, or for prenatal care, even if the affected individual does not receive active treatment from a health care provider during the period of incapacity or the period of incapacity does not last more than 3 consecutive calendar days. (c) Any period of incapacity or treatment for such incapacity due to a chronic serious health condition that- (i) Requires periodic visits for treatment by a health care provider or by a health care provider under the direct supervision of the affected individual's health care provider; (ii) Continues over an extended period of time (including recurring episodes of a single underlying condition); and (iii) May cause episodic rather than a continuing period of incapacity (e.g., asthma, diabetes, epilepsy, etc.). The condition is covered even if the affected individual does not receive active treatment from a health care provider during the period of incapacity or the period of incapacity does not last more than three consecutive calendar days; (d) A period of incapacity which is permanent or long-term due to a condition for which treatment may not be effective. The affected individual must be under the continuing supervision of, but need not be receiving active treatment by, a health care provider (e.g., Alzheimer's, severe stroke, or terminal stages of a disease). (e) Any period of absence to receive multiple treatments (including any period of recovery) by a health care provider or by a provider of health care services under orders of, or on referral by, a health care provider, either for restorative surgery after an accident or other injury or for a condition that would likely result in a period of incapacity or more than three consecutive calendar days in the absence of medical intervention or treatment (e.g., chemotherapy/ radiation for cancer, physical therapy for severe arthritis, dialysis for kidney disease). (Serious health condition does not include routine physical, eye, or dental examinations; a regimen of continuing treatment that includes the taking of over-the-counter medications, bed-rest, exercise, and other similar activities that can be initiated without a visit to the health care provider; a condition for which cosmetic treatments are administered, unless inpatient hospital care is required or unless complications develop; or an absence because of an employee's use of an illegal substance, unless the employee is receiving treatment for substance abuse by a health care provider or by a provider of health care services on referral by a health care provider. Ordinarily, unless complications arise, the common cold, the flu, earaches, upset stomach, minor ulcers, headaches (other than migraines), routine dental or orthodontia problems, and periodontal disease are not serious health conditions. Allergies, restorative dental or plastic surgery after an injury, removal of cancerous growth, or mental illness resulting from stress may be serious health conditions only if such conditions require inpatient care or continuing treatment by a health care provider. )

serious injury or damage- (A) serious bodily injury, (B) extensive destruction of a place of public use, State or government facility, infrastructure facility, or public transportation system, resulting in major economic loss, or (C) substantial damage to the environment, including air, soil, water, fauna, or flora.

  • serious physical injury  - an injury that—(A) is life threatening; (B) results in permanent impairment of a body function or permanent damage to a body structure; or (C) necessitates medical or surgical intervention to preclude permanent impairment of a body function or permanent damage to a body structure.
  • server  - A computer that provides the information, files, Web pages, and other services to the client computers on a network. The word server - the computer hardware and to the software applications that make the server operate.

  843

  • server room  - See computer room.
  • service  — A branch of the Armed Forces of the United States, established by act of Congress, which are: the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard.
  • service  - the Foreign Service of the United States.
  • service  - the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the Department of Justice.
  • service system  - discrete unit of functionality that can be requested (provided a set of preconditions is met), performs one or more operations (typically applying business rules and accessing a database), and returns a set of results to the requester.
  • service acquisition executive  - the civilian official within a military department who is designated as the service acquisition executive for purposes of regulations and procedures providing for a service acquisition executive for that military department.
  • service component system  - self-contained business process or service with predetermined and well defined functionality that may be exposed through a well-defined and documented business or technology interface.
  • service component command  - A command consisting of the Service component commander and all those Service forces, such as individuals, units, detachments, organizations, and installations under that command, including the support forces that have been assigned to a combatant command or further assigned to a subordinate unified command or joint task force. See also component; functional component command.
  • service component reference model  - common framework and vocabulary used for characterizing the IT and business components collectively comprising an IT investment helps agencies rapidly assemble IT solutions through the sharing and re-use of business and IT components.
  • service court  - any military, naval, or air force court, or court martial or similar tribunal of any friendly foreign force within the United States.
  • service in the uniformed services  - service (whether voluntary or involuntary) on active duty in the Armed Forces, including such service by a member of the National Guard or Reserve, for a period of more than 30 days under a call or order to active duty of more than 30 days.
  • service level agreement  - A Service Level Agreement (SLA) defines the performance targets required to deliver services based on customer requirements. SLA performance targets provide a basis of understanding that allows the DOS to determine the necessary resources required to meet those targets and define the method of reimbursement for the service. SLAs are established per the Service Design Package approved through the Process Improvement Governance Board (PIGB).
  • service level agreement  - contract or memorandum of agreement between a services customer and services supplier that specifies, usually in measurable terms, what services the service provider will furnish typically includes the terms and conditions for provision of the required services, describes the services, identifies acceptable quality levels (AQLs), provides thresholds and objectives for the AQLs, prescribes transaction unit or bundled costs, and may identify incentives and/ or disincentives for performance.
  • service message  - An abbreviated, telegraphic exchange between communications personnel regarding

  844   telegram transmission or circuit conditions. Also called SVC. USAID, FAH, 5 FAH‐2 H‐114 )

  • service obligation  - a requirement applicable to, or the exercise of authority granted to, an electric utility under Federal, State, or local law or under long-term contracts to provide electric service to end- users or to a distribution utility.
  • service of process  - The delivery or legal equivalent of delivery of a complaint, summons, or subpoena, upon a person or entity with the result that the person must respond - Service of process frequently refers to the legal effective delivery of the complaint and summons, commencing a lawsuit to the defendant.
  • service oriented architecture  - architecture that describes an entity (e.g., application or enterprise) as a set of interdependent services, provides for reuse of existing services and the rapid deployment of new business capabilities based on exploiting existing assets, and is a representation of a system where the functionality is provided as a set of services called by other parts of the system. includes policies, practices and frameworks that enable application functionality to be provided and requested as sets of services published at a granularity relevant to the service Requestor, which are abstracted away from the implementation using a single, standards based form of interface.
  • service sector access authorization  - any license, permit, order, or other authorization, issued under the authority of Federal law, that permits a foreign supplier of services access to the United States market in a service sector concerned.
  • service sector firm  - a firm engaged in the business of supplying services.
  • service sector firm  - a firm engaged in the business of supplying services.
  • service-common  - Equipment, material, supplies, and services including base operating support adopted by a Service to support its own forces and those assigned to the combatant commands; items and services defined as Service-common by one Service are not necessarily Service-common for all other Services. See also special operations-peculiar.
  • service-connected  - with respect to disability or death, that such disability was incurred or aggravated, or that the death resulted from a disability incurred or aggravated, in line of duty in the active military, naval, or air service.
  • service-connected disabilities  - disabilities determined by the Secretary under laws administered by the Secretary to have been incurred in or aggravated by the service in line of duty.  
  • serviced agency  - Agency authorized to receive accounting and disbursing services from the Department of State.
  • service-disabled veteran  - a veteran with a disability that is service-connected.
  • service-disabled veteran-owned small business concern  - 1) a small business concern — (i) Not less than 51 percent of which is owned by one or more service-disabled veterans or, in the case of any publicly owned business, not less than 51 percent of the stock of which is owned by one or more service-disabled veterans; and (ii) The management and daily business operations of which are controlled by one or more service-disabled veterans or, in the case of a service-disabled veteran with permanent and severe disability, the spouse or permanent caregiver of such veteran. (2) Service- disabled veteran means a veteran with a disability that is service connected.

  845

  • service-level agreement  - Form DS-1855, Request for Approval and Development of a Form, contains a service-level agreement (SLA), that spells out the information that program offices must provide for DIR to create or change a form. It includes the responsibilities and guarantees of action by both the program office and DIR. Also called SLA.
  • servicemember  - a member of the uniformed services.

services- (A) services that are provided to clients to meet the goals and objectives of the program, including the provision of professional, diagnostic, and therapeutic services by a primary care provider or a referral to and provision of specialty care; and (B) services that sustain program activity and contribute to or help improve services.

  • services  - any effort that is needed for or incidental to—
(A) the development, production, processing, distribution, delivery, or use of an industrial resource or a critical technology item;
(B) the construction of facilities;
(C) the movement of individuals and property by all modes of civil transportation; or (D) other national defense programs and activities.
  • services  - any service, repair, training of personnel, or technical or other assistance or information used for the purposes of furnishing nonmilitary assistance.
  • services  – includes but is not limited to, accounting, amusement, architectural, automatic data processing, business, communications, construction franchising and licensing, consulting, engineering, financial, insurance, legal, management, repair, tourism, training, and transportation services.
  • services  - software, hardware, financial, professional consulting, engineering, and specialized energy information services, energy-related technical assistance, and maintenance and repairs.
  • services  - the providing of lighting, heating, cooling, electricity, office furniture, office machines and equipment, classroom furnishings and equipment, kitchen appliances, playground equipment, telephone service (including installation of lines and equipment and other expenses associated with telephone services), and security systems (including installation and other expenses associated with security systems), including replacement equipment, as needed.
  • services and components based architecture  - architecture that leverages the Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) and builds upon the concepts, principles, and benefits of Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) by being tightly integrated with the Federal Enterprise Architecture, providing a description of what the architecture is (clarifying the varying descriptions that exist), and identifies the organizational, cultural, and process elements, as well as technological elements, that need to exist for these architectures to be successful, while focusing on reuse of services and components – better referred to as service components.
  • service-unique container  - Any 20- or 40-foot International Organization for Standardization container procured or leased by a Service to meet Service-unique requirements. See also common-use container; component-owned container.
  • servicing agency  - the agency that will conduct an assisted acquisition on behalf of the requesting agency.
  • settle  - consider, ascertain, adjust, determine, and dispose of a claim, whether by full or partial allowance or by disallowance.
  • settle  - To consider, ascertain, adjust, determine, and dispose of any claim whether by full or partial

  846   allowance or disallowance. FAM 643.3 )

  • settlement  - A resolution to litigation or to an administrative grievance, complaint or claim preceding that is mutually agreed upon by the parties involved rather than imposed by a judge or other deciding official.
  • Seventh-Floor Principals  - Department officials appointed by the President who occupy offices on the seventh floor.
  • severe energy supply interruption  - a national energy supply shortage of such energy source which the President determines (A) is, or is likely to be, of significant scope and duration; (B) may cause major adverse impact on national security or the national economy; and (C) results, or is likely to result, from an interruption in the energy supplies of the United States, including supplies of imported petroleum products, or from sabotage or an act of God.
  • severe forms of trafficking in persons  - A) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age; or (B) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
  • severe marine debris event  - atypically large amounts of marine debris caused by a natural disaster, including a tsunami, flood, landslide, or hurricane, or other source.
  • severe mental pain or suffering  - the prolonged mental harm caused by or resulting from — (A) the intentional infliction or threatened infliction of severe physical pain or suffering; (B) the administration or application, or threatened administration or application, of mind-altering substances or other procedures calculated to disrupt profoundly the senses or the personality; (C) the threat of imminent death; or (D) the threat that another person will imminently be subjected to death, severe physical pain or suffering, or the administration or application of mind-altering substances or other procedures calculated to disrupt profoundly the senses or personality.
  • severe repetitive loss structure  - a structure that—(A) is covered under a contract for flood insurance made available under this chapter; and (B) has incurred flood-related damage — (i) for which 4 or more separate claims payments have been made under flood insurance coverage under this chapter, with the amount of each such claim exceeding $5,000, and with the cumulative amount of such claims payments exceeding $20,000; or (ii) for which at least 2 separate claims payments have been made under such coverage, with the cumulative amount of such claims exceeding the value of the insured structure.
  • severity of need index  - the index of the relative needs of individuals within a State or area, as identified by a number of different factors, and is a factor or set of factors that is multiplied by the number of living HIV/ AIDS cases in a State or area, providing different weights to those cases based on needs. Such factors or set of factors may be different for different components of the provisions under this subchapter.
  • sewage  - human body wastes and the wastes from toilets and other receptacles intended to receive or retain body waste.
  • sewage  - human body wastes and the wastes from toilets and other receptacles intended to receive or retain body wastes except that, with respect to commercial vessels on the Great Lakes, such term shall include graywater;
  • sewage sludge  - any solid, semisolid, or liquid waste generated by a wastewater treatment plant, other

  847 than an excluded material. §1414. )

sex offender- (1) a covered sex offender; or
 (2) an individual required to register under the sex offender registration program of any jurisdiction or included in the National Sex Offender Registry, on the basis of an offense against a minor.

  • sex trafficking  - the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, obtaining, patronizing, or soliciting of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act.
  • sex trafficking  - the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act.
  • sexual abuse  - This includes fondling a child's genitals, intercourse, incest, rape, sodomy, exhibitionism, and commercial exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials. Many experts believe that child sexual abuse is the most under-reported form of child maltreatment because of the conspiracy of secrecy that so often characterizes these cases.
  • sexual assault  - any conduct, whether or not the conduct occurs in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States, and includes both assaults committed by offenders who are strangers to the victim and assaults committed by offenders who are known or related by blood or marriage to the victim.

sexual assault forensic examination kit - The medical and forensic examination kit used to ensure controlled procedures and safekeeping of any bodily specimens in a sexual assault case. Also called SAFE kit.

  • Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program  - A Department of Defense program for the Military Departments and Department of Defense components that establishes sexual assault prevention and response policies to be implemented worldwide. Also called SAPR program.
  • sexual assault response coordinator  - The single point of contact at an installation or within a geographic area who overseas sexual assault awareness, prevention, and response. Also called SARC.
  • sexual assault with an object  - the use of any hand, finger, object, or other instrument to penetrate, however slightly, the genital or anal opening of the body of another person.
  • sexual exploitation  - This is generally defined as coercing or otherwise involving a child to participate in a sexual act for commercial gain. The two most common examples are pornography and prostitution.
  • sexually reproduced  - any production of a variety by seed, but does not include the production of a variety by tuber propagation.
  • shadow price  - An estimate of what the price of a good or input would be in the absence of market distortions, such as externalities or taxes. For example, the shadow price of capital is the present value of the social returns to capital (before corporate income taxes) measured in units of consumption.
  • shall  - the imperative.
  • shaped charge  - main charge configuration incorporating explosives shaped so as to concentrate its explosive force utilizing the Munroe effect in a particular direction in order to cut or penetrate (i.e. a

  848   plasma jet).

  • shared leave status  - The administrative status of an employee while the employee is using transferred leave or leave transferred from a leave bank.
  • shared medical expenses  - those expenses that are funded under the Interagency Cooperative Administrative Support Services (ICASS) agreement. Shared medical expenses include, but are not limited to -(1) Operating costs of MED and post health units; and (2) Other post-specific expenses such as immunizations.
  • shared repository  - data repository maintained by one federal department or agency on behalf of one or more federal departments or agencies.
  • shared space information  - separate area (either physical or virtual) used by participating departments and agencies to place shareable services and data that reside behind the participating department or agency’s network firewall.
  • sharing  - providing, receiving, and disseminating (including all conjugations of each of such terms).
  • shelter  - An International Organization for Standardization container outfitted with live- or work-in capability.
  • shelter-in-place  - An action taken to cause building occupants to move from their current location (e.g., their office) to previously designated locations within a building as a safety precaution, while a dangerous situation is impacting the outside perimeter of the building. A direction to SIP may occur with little or no warning SIP.
  • shelter-in-place  - Taking cover and remaining in the current location during a crisis (sometimes referred to as stand fast) until either receiving an all-clear signal, instructions to change locations, or making a decision to leave the current location based on training, experience, and/ or threat analysis. Instructions on when/ how to decide to remain sheltering in place or to leave for a different location is a post Emergency Action Committee (EAC) decision and can be added to the Emergency Action Plan (EAP). SIP can also apply to residences. Also called SIP.
  • shelter-in-place  - taking emergency refuge within the nearest designated safe area until notification or determination that the situation has been resolved a precaution intended to keep people safe while remaining indoors where the shelter area is preferably a small interior room with no windows and may require efforts of sealing all cracks or openings with tape or other materials
  • shielding  - 1. Material of suitable thickness and physical characteristics used to protect personnel from radiation during the manufacture, handling, and transportation of fissionable and radioactive materials. 2. Obstructions that tend to protect personnel or materials from the effects of a nuclear explosion.
  • shift permit  - A permit that begins after 3 -00 p.m. and ends before 8 -00 a.m. This pass request must be approved by the employees bureau executive office and be accompanied by a letter of justification.
  • ship  - a vessel of any type whatsoever not permanently attached to the sea-bed, including dynamically supported craft, submersibles, or any other floating craft, but does not include a warship, a ship owned or operated by a government when being used as a naval auxiliary or for customs or police purposes, or a ship which has been withdrawn from navigation or laid up.
  • ship critical safety item  - any ship part, assembly, or support equipment containing a characteristic the failure, malfunction, or absence of which could cause a catastrophic or critical failure resulting in

  849 loss of or serious damage to the ship or unacceptable risk of personal injury or loss of life. §2305a. )

shipment- (A) means the transportation, or the effecting of transportation, of valuables, without limitation as to the means or facilities used or by which the transportation is effected or the person to whom it is made; and (B) includes shipments made to any executive department, independent establishment, agency, wholly owned or mixed-ownership Government corporation, officer, or employee of the Federal Government, or any person acting on behalf of, or at the direction of, the executive department, independent establishment, agency, wholly or partly owned Government corporation, officer, or employee.

  • shipment  - freight transported or to be transported.
  • shipment  - the signing of a crew member on board a vessel under shipping articles.
  • shipping  - the transportation of goods by a vessel and related activities.
  • shipping articles  - a written contract of employment entered into by a master of a United States flag vessel and a seaman employed on the vessel.
  • ships papers  - the Certificate of Documentation of a United States flag vessel; if a commercial vessel, a Coast Guard issued Certificate of Inspection; its shipping articles; and its official crew list.
  • ship-to-shore movement  - That portion of the action phase of an amphibious operation that includes the deployment of the landing force from ships to designated landing areas.
  • shock tube initiator  - thin, plastic tube of extruded polymer with a layer of high explosive deposited on its interior surface that propagates a detonation wave to the blasting cap
  • shop drawings  - drawings submitted by the construction contractor or a subcontractor at any tier or required under a construction contract, showing in detail either or both of the following: (1) The proposed fabrication and assembly of structural elements. (2) The installation (i.e., form, fit, and attachment details) of materials or equipment.
  • shore fire control party  - A specially trained unit for control of naval gunfire in support of troops ashore. Also called SFCP.
  • shore party  - A task organization of the landing force, formed for the purpose of facilitating the landing and movement off the beaches of troops, equipment, and supplies; for the evacuation from the beaches of casualties and enemy prisoners of war; and for facilitating the beaching, retraction, and salvaging of landing ships and craft. Also called beach group. See also beachmaster unit; beach party; naval beach group.
  • shoreline  - the intersection of the land with the water surface. The shoreline shown on NOAA Charts represents the line of contact between the land and a selected water elevation. In areas affected by tidal fluctuations, this line of contact is the mean high water line.
  • short life cycle merchandise  - any product that the Commission determines is likely to become

outmoded within 4 years, by reason of technological advances, after the product is commercially available. For purposes of this paragraph, the term outmoded refers to a kind of style that is no longer state-of-the-art.

  850   1,500 feet (450 meters) of commencing takeoff or in landing, to stop within 1,500 feet (450 meters) after passing over a 50-foot (15 meters) obstacle. Also called STOL.Dictionary, JP 3‐04 )

  • short title  - A short, identifying combination of letters, and/ or numbers assigned to a document or device for purposes of brevity and/ or security.
  • shortfall  - The lack of forces, equipment, personnel, materiel, or capability, reflected as the difference between the resources identified as a plan requirement and those apportioned to a combatant commander for planning, that would adversely affect the command’s ability to accomplish its mission.
  • short-range air defense engagement zone  - In air defense, that airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement of air threats normally rests with short-range air defense weapons and may be established within a low- or high-altitude missile engagement zone. Also called SHORADEZ.
  • short-range ballistic missile  - A land-based ballistic missile with a range capability up to about 600 nautical miles. Also called SRBM.
  • short-term detention  - detention in a U.S. Customs and Border Protection processing center for 72 hours or less, before repatriation to a country of nationality or last habitual residence.
  • short-term recovery  - A process of recovery that is immediate and overlaps with response. It includes such actions as providing essential public health and safety services, restoring interrupted utility and other essential services, reestablishing transportation routes, and providing food and shelter for those displaced by a disaster. Although called short term, some of these activities may last for weeks.
  • should  - an expected course of action or policy that is to be followed unless inappropriate for a particular circumstance.
  • show of force  - An operation designed to demonstrate US resolve that involves increased visibility of US deployed forces in an attempt to defuse a specific situation that, if allowed to continue, may be detrimental to US interests or national objectives.
  • show-cause letter  - A document the contracting officer sends to a defaulting contractor to notify the contractor that the contract may be terminated by reason of default unless the contractor can prove in 10 days that the condition was not his or her fault.
  • sickness  - a sickness, illness, or disease requiring medical treatment.
  • signal employee  - an individual who is engaged in installing, repairing, or maintaining signal systems.
  • signal operating instructions  — A series of orders issued for technical control and coordination of the signal communication activities of a command. In Marine Corps usage, these instructions are designated communication operation instructions. Also called SOI.
  • signal system  - a block signal system, an interlocking, automatic train stop, train control, or cab-signal device, or a similar appliance, method, device, or system intended to promote safety in railroad operations.
  • signaling device  - device that indicates an alarm, emergency, or abnormal condition by means of audible, visual, or both methods, including sirens, bells, horns, and strobes.

  851

  • signals intelligence  - 1. A category of intelligence comprising either individually or in combination all communications intelligence, electronic intelligence, and foreign instrumentation signals intelligence, however transmitted. 2. Intelligence derived from communications, electronic, and foreign instrumentation signals. Also called SIGINT. See also communications intelligence; electronic intelligence; foreign instrumentation signals intelligence; intelligence.
  • signals intelligence operational control  - The authoritative direction of signals intelligence activities, including tasking and allocation of effort, and the authoritative prescription of those uniform techniques and standards by which signals intelligence information is collected, processed, and reported.
  • signals intelligence operational tasking authority  - A military commander’s authority to operationally direct and levy signals intelligence requirements on designated signals intelligence resources; includes authority to deploy and redeploy all or part of the signals intelligence resources for which signals intelligence operational tasking authority has been delegated. Also called SOTA.
  • signature or signed  - the discrete, verifiable symbol of an individual that, when affixed to a writing with the knowledge and consent of the individual, indicates a present intention to authenticate the writing. This includes electronic symbols.

significant activities undermining cybersecurity- (A) significant efforts to — (i) deny access to or degrade, disrupt, or destroy an information and communications technology system or network; or (ii) exfiltrate information from such a system or network without authorization; (B) significant destructive malware attacks;(C) significant denial of service activities; and(D) such other significant activities.

  • significant aggravation  - any change for the worse in a preexisting condition which results in markedly greater disability, pain, or illness accompanied by substantial deterioration of health.
  • significant cause  - a cause which contributes significantly to the material injury of the domestic industry, but need not be equal to or greater than any other cause.
  • significant cost growth threshold  - the following: (A) In the case of a major defense acquisition program or designated major defense subprogram, a percentage increase in the program acquisition unit cost for the program or subprogram of — (i) at least 15 percent over the program acquisition unit cost for the program or subprogram as shown in the current Baseline Estimate for the program or subprogram; or (ii) at least 30 percent over the program acquisition unit cost for the program or subprogram as shown in the original Baseline Estimate for the program or subprogram. (B) In the case of a major defense acquisition program or designated major defense subprogram that is a procurement program, a percentage increase in the procurement unit cost for the program or subprogram of — (i) at least 15 percent over the procurement unit cost for the program or subprogram as shown in the current Baseline Estimate for the program or subprogram; or (ii) at least 30 percent over the procurement unit cost for the program or subprogram as shown in the original Baseline Estimate for the program or subprogram.
  • significant cost growth threshold  - the percentage increase in the total acquisition cost for a major system of at least 15 percent over the total acquisition cost for such system as shown in the current Baseline Estimate for such system.
  • significant cyber incident  - A cyber incident that is (or group of related cyber incidents that together are ) likely to result in demonstrable harm to the national security interests, foreign relations, or economy of the United States or to the public confidence, civil liberties, or public health and safety of the American people.

  852  

  • significant cyber incident  - incident related to computer security whose impact on a mission or on a critical asset constitutes a meaningful threat to the mission and requires immediate notification of leadership meets one or more of the following criteria: 1. The incident has impacts on the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of a critical system or sensitive data. 2. There is a high probability of public disclosure of the incident and consequent embarrassment. 3. The impact of the incident results in users losing access to a critical service (for example, email, network access, Internet access).
  • significant deficiency (formerly called a reportable condition)  - A deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, that in managements judgment should be communicated because they represent significant weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control that could adversely affect the organizations ability to meet its internal control objectives. A significant deficiency does not yet rise to the level of seriousness of a material weakness; however, if effective corrections are not made, the matter has the potential over time to develop into a material weakness. Such weakness could- (1) Significantly impair the fulfillment of the Departments mission; (2) Deprive the public of needed services; (3) Significantly weaken safeguards against waste, loss, unauthorized use, or misappropriation of funds, property, other assets, or conflict of interest; (4) Merit the attention of the agency head/ senior management, the President, or the relevant Congressional oversight committee; or (5) Be of a nature that omission from the report could reflect adversely on the actual or perceived management integrity of the agency.
  • significant environmental event  - noteworthy environmental occurrence (positive or negative) that may be of interest to or require a “timely and appropriate” response from the affected facility or Component.
  • significant military equipment  - defense articles on the United States Munitions List for which special export controls are warranted because of their capacity for substantial military utility or capability.
  • significant percentage  - at least a percentage of 1 percent of the number of reported cases of acquired immune deficiency syndrome in the United States.
  • significant wave height  — The average height of the third of waves observed during a given period of time. See also surf zone.
  • significant weakness  - The proposal has a flaw that appreciably increases the risk of unsuccessful contract performance.

signing officer -Used interchangeably with sender.

  • simplified acquisition procedures  - the methods for making purchases of supplies or services.
  • simplified acquisition threshold  - $150,000 except for– (1) Acquisitions of supplies or services that, as determined by the head of the agency, are to be used to support a contingency operation or to facilitate defense against or recovery from nuclear, biological, chemical, or radiological attack, the term means– (i) $750,000 for any contract to be awarded and performed, or purchase to be made, inside the United States; and (ii) $1.5 million for any contract to be awarded and performed, or purchase to be made, outside the United States; and (2) Acquisitions of supplies or services that, as determined by the head of the agency, are to be used to support a humanitarian or peacekeeping operation, the term means $300,000 for any contract to be awarded and performed, or purchase to be made, outside the United States.
  • simulation  - model that behaves or operates like a given process, concept, or system when provided a set of controlled inputs includes continuous, discrete, event-oriented, Monte Carlo, process-oriented,

  853 etc. models. Terms )

  • simultaneous engagement  - The concurrent engagement of hostile targets by combination of interceptor aircraft and surface-to-air missiles.
  • single audit  - an audit which includes both the entity's financial statements and the Federal awards.
  • single manager  — A Military Department or agency designated by the Secretary of Defense to be responsible for management of specified commodities or common service activities on a Department of Defense-wide basis.
  • single manager for transportation  — The United States Transportation Command is the Department of Defense single manager for transportation, other than Service-organic or theater-assigned transportation assets. See also Service-organic transportation assets; theater-assigned transportation assets.
  • single net lease  - lease where the occupant pays a portion of the utility costs directly.
  • single port manager  - The transportation component, designated by the Department of Defense through the United States Transportation Command, responsible for management of all common- user aerial and seaports worldwide. Also called SPM. See also transportation component command.
  • single real property manager  - The Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations (OBO) is the designated SRPM worldwide. This responsibility is delegated by OBO through the chief of mission (COM) to the management counselor or executive officer at each embassy. This person is responsible for acquisition and management of all officially leased and U.S. Government-owned real property in the country, except for certain USAID property. Also called SRPM.
  • single, Governmentwide point of entry  - the one point of entry to be designated by the Administrator of OFPP that will allow the private sector to electronically access procurement opportunities Governmentwide.
  • single-anchor leg mooring  — A mooring facility dedicated to the offshore petroleum discharge system, which permits a tanker to remain on station and pump in much higher sea states than is possible with a spread moor. Also called SALM. See also offshore petroleum discharge system.
  • single-class air accommodations  - This term applies when an airline offers only one class of accommodation to all travelers.
  • single-employer plan  - a plan which is not a multiemployer plan.
  • single-employer plan  - an employee benefit plan other than a multiemployer plan.
  • single-project  - A group of four or more participants from the same country. An SCP may be conducted in English or the language of the country. Also called SCP.
  • single-service manager  - A Service component commander who is assigned the responsibility and delegated the authority to coordinate and/ or perform specified personnel support or personnel

  854   service support functions in the theater of operations. See also component.

  • site exploitation  - A series of activities to recognize, collect, process, preserve, and analyze information, personnel, and/ or materiel found during the conduct of operations. Also called SE.
  • site security manager  – Construction - person that is a U.S. citizen cleared at the Top Secret level approved for sensitive compartmented information (SCI), responsible where a sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF) is under construction.
  • situation report  — A report giving the situation in the area of a reporting unit or formation. Also called SITREP.
  • situation report  - Document that contains confirmed or verified information and explicit details (who, what, where, and how) relating to an incident.
  • situation template  - A depiction of assumed adversary dispositions, based on that adversary’s preferred method of operations and the impact of the operational environment if the adversary should adopt a particular course of action. See also adversary template; course of action.
  • situational awareness  - information gathered from a variety of sources that, when communicated to emergency managers and decision makers, can form the basis for incident management decision- making.
  • situational awareness  - The ability to identify, process, and comprehend the critical elements of information about an incident.
  • situational forces  - Groups of police, relief workers, host-government or paramilitary personnel, or potential terrorist cells that present within an operational area arid that contribute to the uncertainty of conditions within the environment of military operations other than war.
  • situational telework  - telework that occurs on an occasional, non-routine basis includes, but is not limited to, telework that occurs on a temporary basis while an employee is recovering from an injury or illness; as a result of special work assignments; or when the official worksite is closed due to COOP/ pandemic health crisis or other emergency situations.
  • situational telework  - The employee teleworks on an irregular basis, generally recommended 1 day a month or the average of 12 days per year. Other situations may develop that makes it beneficial for the employee and supervisor to agree on a situational telework opportunity. This type of telework also is a component for continuity of operations (COOP).
  • sixteen contiguous Western States  - the States of Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
  • size category  - with respect to a motor vehicle — (A) 85 cubic feet or less of passenger and luggage interior volume; (B) more than 85 cubic feet, but less than 100 cubic feet, of passenger and luggage interior volume; (C) at least 100 cubic feet, but not more than 110 cubic feet, of passenger and luggage interior volume; (D) more than 110 cubic feet, but less than 120 cubic feet, of passenger and luggage interior volume; and (E) 120 cubic feet or more of passenger and luggage interior volume.

skilled worker -a skilled worker as one who, at the time of petitioning, is capable of performing skilled labor (requiring at least two years training or experience) not of a temporary or seasonal nature, and for which qualified workers are not available in the United States. Relevant post-secondary   855 education may be considered as training for the purposes of this provision..

  • slaughter data  - all of the applicable data for all swine slaughtered by a packer during the applicable reporting period, regardless of when the price of the swine was negotiated or otherwise determined, reported by — (A) hog class; (B) type of purchase; and (C) packer-owned swine.
  • sleep mode  - low power saving mode of operations for electronic devices in which the device or parts of device is switched off until needed includes computers, televisions, and remote controlled devices.
  • slot  - a reservation for an instrument flight rule takeoff or landing by an air carrier of an aircraft in air transportation.
  • sludge  - any solid, semi-solid or liquid waste generated from a municipal, commercial, or industrial wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility exclusive of the treated effluent from a wastewater treatment plant.
  • sludge  - any solid, semisolid or liquid waste generated from a municipal, commercial, or industrial wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility or any other such waste having similar characteristics and effects.
  • slumber coach  - Includes, in the United States, slumber coach accommodations on trains offering such accommodations, or, in general, the lowest level of economy sleeping accommodations available on a train.
  • small awards  - a grant or cooperative agreement not exceeding the small purchase threshold.
  • small business concern  - a business concern that meets the requirements and regulations, and includes such business concerns owned and controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged individuals or by women.
  • small business concern  - a concern, including its affiliates, that is independently owned and operated, not dominant in the field of operation in which it is bidding on Government contracts, and qualified as a small business. Such a concern is “not dominant in its field of operation” when it does not exercise a controlling or major influence on a national basis in a kind of business activity in which a number of business concerns are primarily engaged. In determining whether dominance exists, consideration must be given to all appropriate factors, including volume of business, number of employees, financial resources, competitive status or position, ownership or control of materials, processes, patents, license agreements, facilities, sales territory, and nature of business activity.
  • small business concern owned and controlled by service-disabled veterans  - a small business concern — (A) not less than 51 percent of which is owned by one or more service-disabled veterans or, in the case of any publicly owned business, not less than 51 percent of the stock of which is owned by one or more service-disabled veterans; and (B) the management and daily business operations of which are controlled by one or more service-disabled veterans or, in the case of a veteran with permanent and severe disability, the spouse or permanent caregiver of such veteran.
  • small business concern owned and controlled by veterans  - a small business concern — (A) not less than 51 percent of which is owned by one or more veterans or, in the case of any publicly owned business, not less than 51 percent of the stock of which is owned by one or more veterans; and (B) the management and daily business operations of which are controlled by one or more veterans.
  • small business subcontractor  - a concern that does not exceed the size standard for the North American Industry Classification Systems code that the prime contractor determines best describes the product

  856   or service being acquired by the subcontract.

  • Small Business Teaming Arrangement  – (1) an arrangement where– (i) Two or more small business concerns have formed a joint venture; or (ii) A small business offeror agrees with one or more other small business concerns to have them act as its subcontractors under a specified Government contract. A Small Business Teaming Arrangement between the offeror and its small business subcontractor(s) exists through a written agreement between the parties that– (A) Is specifically referred to as a “Small Business Teaming Arrangement”; and (B) Sets forth the different responsibilities, roles, and percentages (or other allocations) of work as it relates to the acquisition; (2)(i) For civilian agencies, may include two business concerns in a mentor-protégé relationship when both the mentor and the protégé are small or the protégé is small and the concerns have received an exception to affiliation or (iii). (ii) For DoD, may include two business concerns in a mentor-protégé relationship in the Department of Defense Pilot Mentor-Protégé Program when both the mentor and the protégé are small. There is no exception to joint venture size affiliation for offers received from teaming arrangements under the Department of Defense Pilot Mentor- Protégé Program; and (3) the exception to affiliation for offers received from Small Business Teaming Arrangements in the case of a solicitation of offers for a bundled contract with a reserve.
  • small covered chemical facility  - a covered chemical facility that — (1) has fewer than 100 employees employed at the covered chemical facility; and
(2) is owned and operated by a small business concern.
  • small disadvantaged business concern  - a small business concern under the size standard applicable to the acquisition, that: (1) Is at least 51 percent unconditionally and directly owned by — (i) One or more socially disadvantaged and economically disadvantaged individuals who are citizens of the United States; and (ii) Each individual claiming economic disadvantage has a net worth not exceeding $750,000 after taking into account the applicable exclusions); and 2) The management and daily business operations of which are controlled by individuals who meet the criteria.
  • small group market  - the health insurance market under which individuals obtain health insurance coverage (directly or through any arrangement) on behalf of themselves (and their dependents) through a group health plan maintained by a small employer.
  • small hub airport  - an airport that had at least .05 percent, but less than .25 percent, of the total annual boardings in the United States.
  • small hydroelectric power project  - any hydroelectric power project which is located at the site of any existing dam, which uses the water power potential of such dam, and which has not more than 30,000 kilowatts of installed capacity.
  • small passenger vessel  - a vessel of less than 100 gross tons authorized to carry more than 6 passengers including at least one passenger for hire (a person providing consideration for passage) in addition to the master, crew, or other persons employed or engaged on board a vessel in any capacity connected with the business of the vessel, or a vessel chartered without crew provided and carrying more than 12 passengers.
  • small refiner  - an owner of a refinery or refineries (including refineries not in operation) who qualifies as a small business refiner under the rules and regulations of the Small Business Administration.
  • small refinery  - a refinery for which the average aggregate daily crude oil throughput for a calendar year
  • small source  - a source that emits less than 100 tons of regulated pollutants per year, or any class of persons that the Administrator determines, through regulation, generally lack technical ability or

  857 knowledge regarding control of air pollution. §7602. )

  • small start project  - a new fixed guideway capital project or corridor-based bus rapid transit project for which (A) the Federal assistance provided or is less than $100,000,000; and (B) the total estimated net capital cost is less than $300,000,000.
  • small unmanned aircraft  - an unmanned aircraft weighing less than 55 pounds, including everything that is on board or otherwise attached to the aircraft.
  • small vessel  - watercraft, regardless of method of propulsion, less than 300 gross tons includes commercial fishing vessels, recreational boats and yachts, towing vessels, uninspected passenger vessels, and any other personal or commercial vessels involved in U.S. or foreign voyages.
  • small wind energy system  - a wind energy system having a maximum rated capacity of one hundred kilowatts or less.
  • smallpox emergency response plan or plan  - a response plan detailing actions to be taken in preparation for a possible smallpox-related emergency during the period prior to the identification of an active case of smallpox either within or outside the United States.
  • small-scale producer  - farmers, pastoralists, foresters, and fishers that have a low asset base and limited resources, including land, capital, skills and labor, and, in the case of farmers, typically farm on fewer than 5 hectares of land.
  • smart card  - a credit card-size device, normally for carrying and use by personnel, that contains one or more integrated circuits and may also employ one or more of the following technologies: (A) Magnetic stripe.(B) Bar codes, linear or two-dimensional.(C) Non-contact and radio frequency transmitters. (D) Biometric information.(E) Encryption and authentication.(F) Photo identification.
  • smart card  - identification device that includes an embedded integrated circuit that can be either a secure microcontroller or equivalent intelligence with internal memory or a memory chip alone connects to a reader with direct physical contact or with a remote contactless radio frequency interface.
  • smart card technology  - a Smart Card together with all of the associated information technology hardware and software that comprise the system for support and operation.
  • smart phone  - mobile phone built on a mobile computing platform, with advanced computing technology and connectivity that enables interaction with computerized systems includes email, browsing the internet, etc.
  • smuggled food  - any food that a person introduces into the United States through fraudulent means or with the intent to defraud or mislead.
  • snapshot  - current state of something recorded at a specific point in time.
  • social amplification of risk  - distortion of the seriousness of a risk caused by public concern about the risk and/ or about an activity contributing to the risk.
  • social media  - Digital technologies, applications and platforms that allow publishing, communication, and collaboration among individuals and institutions.
  • social media  - sphere of websites, applications, and web-based tools that connect users to engage in dialogue, share information and media, collaborate, and interact.

  858  

  • social security account number  - Submission of the Social Security account number (SSAN) is voluntary; however, failure to provide it may delay or prevent approval of the application. The SSAN is used as a unique identification number to verify employment, years of service, and eligibility for a parking permit.
  • socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher  - a farmer or rancher who is a member of a socially disadvantaged group.
  • socially disadvantaged group  - a group whose members have been subjected to racial, ethnic, or gender prejudice because of their identity as members of a group without regard to their individual qualities.
  • Society for Worldwide InterBank Financial Telecommunication  - A worldwide telecommunications system used by participating banks for sending instructions and transacting business. Also called SWIFT.
  • sociocultural analysis  - The analysis of adversaries and other relevant actors that integrates concepts, knowledge, and understanding of societies, populations, and other groups of people, including their activities, relationships, and perspectives across time and space at varying scales. Also called SCA.
  • sociocultural factors  — The social, cultural, and behavioral factors characterizing the relationships and activities of the population of a specific region or operational environment.
  • soft-skill training  - training provided for the development of employees ability to relate to others ( e.g., customer service, dealing with difficult people, etc.).
  • software  - Refers to the programs and applications that run on information systems.
  • soils  - georeferenced digital map data and associated tabular attribute data. The map data describe the spatial distribution of the various soils that cover the Earth's surface. The attribute data describe the proportionate extent of the various soils as well as the physical and chemical characteristics of those soils. The physical and chemical properties are based on observed and measured values, as well as model-generated values. Also included are model-generated assessments of the suitability or limitations of the soils to various land uses.
  • solar energy  - energy derived from sources (other than fossil fuels) and technologies included in the Federal Nonnuclear Energy Research and Development Act of 1974.
  • solar heating  - the use of solar energy to meet such portion of the total heating needs of such building
  • solar heating and cooling and combined solar heating and cooling  - the use of solar energy to provide both such portion of the total heating needs of such building (including hot water) and such portion of the total cooling needs of such building, or such portion of the needs of such building for hot water (where its remaining heating needs are met by other methods) and such portion of the total cooling needs of a building, as may be required under performance criteria prescribed by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development utilizing the services of the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and in consultation with the Secretary of Energy, and the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and such term includes cooling by means of nocturnal heat radiation, by evaporation, or by other methods of meeting

  859 peakload energy requirements at nonpeakload times.

  • solar photovoltaic energy system  - a system of components which generates electricity from incident sunlight by means of the photovoltaic effect, and which shall include all components, including energy storage devices where appropriate, necessary to provide electricity for individual, industrial, agricultural, or governmental use;
  • solatium  — Monetary compensation given in areas where it is culturally appropriate to alleviate grief, suffering, and anxiety resulting from injuries, death, and property loss with a monetary payment.
  • sold or, in the absence of sales, offered for sale  - sold or offered — (A) to all purchasers in commercial quantities, or (B) in the ordinary course of trade to one or more selected purchasers in commercial quantities at a price which fairly reflects the market value of the merchandise, without regard to restrictions as to the disposition or use of the merchandise by the purchaser except that, where such restrictions are found to affect the market value of the merchandise, adjustment shall be made therefor in calculating the price at which the merchandise is sold or offered for sale.
  • sole source acquisition  - a contract for the purchase of supplies or services that is entered into or proposed to be entered into by an agency after soliciting and negotiating with only one source.
  • solicitation  - any request to submit offers or quotations to the Government. Solicitations under sealed bid procedures are called “invitations for bids.” Solicitations under negotiated procedures are called “requests for proposals.” Solicitations under simplified acquisition procedures may require submission of either a quotation or an offer.
  • solicitation  - The process by which the U.S. Government requests, orally or in writing, offers from prospective contractors for specific items or services. Solicitation documents are Requests for Quotations (RFQs); Invitations for Bids (IFBs); and Requests for Proposals (RFPs).
  • solicitation closing date  - The due date for delivery of private sector offers, public reimbursable tenders, and the agency tender, as stated in the solicitation.
  • solicitation mailing list  - The list of prospective contractors.
  • solicitation provision or provision  - a term or condition used only in solicitations and applying only before contract award.
  • solid waste  - any garbage, refuse, sludge from a waste treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous material resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities, but does not include solid or dissolved material in domestic sewage, or solid or dissolved materials in irrigation return flows or industrial discharges which are point sources subject to permits, or source, special nuclear, or byproduct material as defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
  • solid waste  - discarded material, where applicable, each state’s solid waste management rules and regulations may include garbage, refuse, sludges, and other discarded solid materials, including those from industrial, commercial, and agricultural operations, and from community activities.
  • solid waste  - with the exception of waste generated by a rail carrier during track, track structure, or right- of-way construction, maintenance, or repair (including railroad ties and line-side poles) or waste generated as a result of a railroad accident, incident, or derailment- (i) construction and demolition debris; (ii) municipal solid waste; (iii) household waste; (iv) commercial and retail waste; (v) institutional waste; (vi) sludge; (vii) industrial waste; and (viii) other solid waste, as determined

  860   appropriate by the Board.

  • solid waste management  - the systematic administration of activities which provide for the collection, source separation, storage, transportation, transfer, processing, treatment, and disposal of solid waste.

solid waste management facility- (A) any resource recovery system or component thereof, (B) any system, program, or facility for resource conservation, and (C) any facility for the collection, source separation, storage, transportation, transfer, processing, treatment or disposal of solid wastes, including hazardous wastes, whether such facility is associated with facilities generating such wastes or otherwise.

son or daughter- (1) A biological, adopted, step, or foster son or daughter of the employee; (2) A person who is a legal ward or was a legal ward of the employee when that individual was a minor or required a legal guardian; (3) A person for whom the employee stands in loco parentis or stood in loco parentis when that individual was a minor or required someone to stand in loco parentis; and (4) A son or daughter, as described in paragraphs (1) through (3) of an employees spouse or domestic partner. son or daughter- (1) A biological, adopted, step, or foster son or daughter of the employee; (2) A person who is a legal ward or was a legal ward of the employee when that individual was a minor or required a legal guardian; (3) A person for whom the employee stands in loco parentis or stood in loco parentis when that individual was a minor or required someone to stand in loco parentis; or (4) A son or daughter, as described in subparagraphs (1) through (3) of this definition, of an employee's spouse or domestic partner.

  • son or daughter  - a biological, adopted, or foster child, a stepchild, a legal ward, or a child of a person standing in loco parentis, who is — (A) under 18 years of age; or (B) 18 years of age or older and incapable of self-care because of a mental or physical disability.
  • sortie  - In air operations, an operational flight by one aircraft.
  • sortie allotment message  - The means by which the joint force commander allots excess sorties to meet requirements of subordinate commanders that are expressed in their air employment and/ or allocation plan. Also called SORTIEALOT.
  • sound professional judgment  - a finding, determination, or decision that is consistent with principles of sound fish and wildlife management and administration, available science and resources, and adherence to the requirements of this Act and other applicable laws.

source - 1. A person, thing, or activity from which information is obtained. 2. In clandestine activities, a person (agent), normally a foreign national, in the employ of an intelligence activity for intelligence purposes. 3. In interrogation activities, any person who furnishes information, either with or without the knowledge that the information is being used for intelligence purposes. See also agent; collection agency.

  • source  - any building, structure, facility, or installation from which there is or may be the discharge of pollutants.
  • source  - One of three specific categories of service providers (i.e., agency, private sector, or public

  861 reimbursable) that can perform a commercial activity for an agency. Circular A‐76 )

  • source document  - an existing document that contains classified information that is incorporated, paraphrased, restated, or generated in new form into a new document.
  • source management  — The process to register and monitor the use of sources involved in counterintelligence and human intelligence operations to protect the security of the operations and avoid conflicts among operational elements.
  • source management  - The process to register and monitor the use of sources involved in counterintelligence and human intelligence operations to protect the security of the operations and avoid conflicts among operational elements.
  • source reduction  - process which reduces the amount of waste that is produced.
  • source registry  - A source record or catalogue of leads and sources acquired by collectors and centralized for management, coordination, and deconfliction of source operations.
  • source registry  — A source record or catalogue of leads and sources acquired by collectors and centralized for management, coordination, and deconfliction of source operations.
  • Source Selection Advisory Council  - A group of senior U.S. Government personnel who provide counsel during the source selection process and must prepare the comparative analysis of the TET's evaluation results with those of the PET, when utilized, and prepare a recommendation for the SSA. Also called SSAC.
  • Source Selection Authority  - A competition official with decision-making authority who is responsible for source selection as required by the FAR. The SSA and CO may be the same individual. Also called SSA.
  • source selection authority  - The official designated to make the source selection decision. Also called SSA.
  • source selection decision document  - The document that reflects the SSA's independent, integrated, comparative assessment and decision. Also called SSDD.
  • source selection decision document  - The document that reflects the SSA's independent, integrated, comparative assessment and decision. Also called SSDD.
  • Source Selection Evaluation Board  - The team or board appointed by the SSA to assist in a negotiated acquisition. Also called SSEB.
  • source selection information  - any of the following information that is prepared for use by an agency for the purpose of evaluating a bid or proposal to enter into an agency procurement contract, if that information has not been previously made available to the public or disclosed publicly: (1) Bid prices submitted in response to an agency invitation for bids, or lists of those bid prices before bid opening. (2) Proposed costs or prices submitted in response to an agency solicitation, or lists of those proposed costs or prices. (3) Source selection plans. (4) Technical evaluation plans. (5) Technical evaluations of proposals. (6) Cost or price evaluations of proposals. (7) Competitive range determinations that identify proposals that have a reasonable chance of being selected for award of a contract. (8) Rankings of bids, proposals, or competitors. (9) Reports and evaluations of source selection panels, boards, or advisory councils. (10) Other information marked as “Source Selection Information” based on a case-by case determination by the head of the agency or the contracting officer, that its disclosure would jeopardize the integrity or successful completion of the Federal

  862   agency procurement to which the information relates.

  • source selection plan  - A plan that describes how the source selection will be organized, how proposals will be evaluated and analyzed, and how source(s) will be selected. Also called SSP.
  • source selection team  - A team that is tailored to the unique acquisition, tasked with carrying out a source selection. Composition of the team generally consists of the SSA, contracting officer (if different from the SSA), SSAC, TET, advisors, cost or price experts, L/ BA, small business specialists, and other subject matter experts. Also called SST.
  • sovereign citizen extremist  - group or person who facilitate or engage in acts of unlawful violence directed at public officials, financial institutions, and government facilities in support of their belief that the legitimacy of US citizenship should be rejected; almost all forms of established government, authority, and institutions are illegitimate; and that they are immune from federal, state, and local laws.
  • stowaway  - any alien who obtains transportation without the consent of the owner, charterer, master or person in command of any vessel or aircraft through concealment aboard such vessel or aircraft. A passenger who boards with a valid ticket is not to be considered a stowaway. stowaway - any alien who obtains transportation without the consent of the owner, charterer, master or person in command of any vessel or aircraft through concealment aboard such vessel or aircraft. A passenger who boards with a valid ticket is not to be considered as a stowaway.
  • space and services  - space, services, quarters, maintenance, repair, and other facilities.
  • space asset  - Equipment that is an individual part of a space system, which is or can be placed in space or directly supports space activity terrestrially.
  • space assignment  - An assignment to the individual Military Departments/ Services by the appropriate transportation operating agency of movement capability, which completely or partially satisfies the stated requirements of the Military Departments/ Services for the operating month and that has been accepted by them without the necessity for referral to the Joint Transportation Board for allocation.
  • space capability  - 1. The ability of a space asset to accomplish a mission. 2. The ability of a terrestrial- based asset to accomplish a mission in or through space. See also space asset.
  • space control  - Operations to ensure freedom of action in space for the United States and its allies and, when directed, deny an adversary freedom of action in space. See also combat service support; combat support; negation; space systems.
  • space coordinating authority  - A commander or individual assigned responsibility for planning, integrating, and coordinating space operations support in the operational area. Also called SCA.
  • space environment  - the environment beyond the sensible atmosphere of the Earth.
  • space environment  - The environment corresponding to the space domain, where electromagnetic radiation, charged particles, and electric and magnetic fields are the dominant physical influences, and that encompasses the earth’s ionosphere and magnetosphere, interplanetary space, and the solar atmosphere.
  • space flight participant  - an individual, who is not crew or a government astronaut, carried within a

  863 launch vehicle or reentry vehicle. 51, §50902 )

  • space force application  — Combat operations in, through, and from space to influence the course and outcome of conflict by holding terrestrial targets at risk. See also ballistic missile; force protection.
  • space force enhancement  - Combat support operations and force-multiplying capabilities delivered from space systems to improve the effectiveness of military forces as well as support other intelligence, civil, and commercial users. See also combat support .
  • space forces  - The space and terrestrial systems, equipment, facilities, organizations, and personnel necessary to access, use and, if directed, control space for national security. See also national security; space systems.
  • space grant regional consortium  - any association or other alliance that is designated as a space grant regional consortium by the Administrator.
  • space power  — The total strength of a nation’s capabilities to conduct and influence activities to, in, through, and from space to achieve its objectives.
  • space recovery support facilities  - facilities required to support activities related to the recovery of payloads returned from space to a space recovery site, including operations and control, communications, flight safety functions, and payload processing.
  • space resource  - any tangible or intangible benefit which can be realized only from — (A) aeronautical and space activities; or
(B) advancements in any field related to space.
  • space science data  - scientific data concerning—(1) the elemental and mineralogical resources of the moon, asteroids, planets and their moons, and comets; (2) microgravity acceleration; and (3) solar storm monitoring.
  • space situational awareness  - Cognizance of the requisite current and predictive knowledge of the space environment and the operational environment upon which space operations depend.
  • space superiority  - The degree of dominance in space of one force over any others that permits the conduct of its operations at a given time and place without prohibitive interference from space-based threats.
  • space support  - Launching and deploying space vehicles, maintaining and sustaining spacecraft on- orbit, rendezvous and proximity operations, disposing of (including deorbiting and recovering) space capabilities, and reconstitution of space forces, if required. See also combat service support.
  • space surveillance  - The observation of space and of the activities occurring in space. See also space control.
  • space systems  - All of the devices and organizations forming the space network.
  • space transportation infrastructure  - facilities, associated equipment, and real property (including launch sites, launch support facilities, space recovery sites, and space recovery support facilities) required to perform launch or space recovery activities.
  • space transportation services  - the preparation of a space transportation vehicle and its payloads for transportation to, from, or within outer space, or in suborbital trajectory, and the conduct of transporting a payload to, from, or within outer space, or in suborbital trajectory.

  864  

  • space transportation vehicle  - any vehicle constructed for the purpose of operating in, or transporting a payload to, from, or within, outer space, or in suborbital trajectory, and includes any component of such vehicle not specifically designed or adapted for a payload.
  • space vehicle  - a man-made device, either manned or unmanned, designed for operation beyond the Earth's atmosphere.
  • space vehicle  - an object intended for launch, launched, or assembled in outer space, including the space shuttle and other components of a space transportation system, together with related equipment, devices, components, and parts.
  • space weather  — The conditions and phenomena in space and specifically in the near-Earth environment that may affect space assets or space operations. See also space asset.
  • space-related activities  - research and development, manufacturing, processing, service, and other associated and support activities.
  • spam  - The abuse of electronic messaging systems to indiscriminately send unsolicited bulk messages.
  • span of control  - The number of resources for which a supervisor is responsible, usually expressed as the ratio of supervisors to individuals. (Under the National Incident Management System, an appropriate span of control is between 1:3 and 1:7, with optimal being 1:5).
  • spare parts  - Items normally specified in the contract Specification Divisions 2-16 (usually identified as extra materials) required for repair or replacement of equipment (e.g., compressors, coils, motors, pumps, valves, electrical circuit boards). These are paid for with construction contract funds. Other spare parts derived by the contractor in compliance with the applicable Division 1, Operation and Maintenance Data specification, can be ordered by post, using Initial Operation and Maintenance funding.
  • spatial data  - Information that identifies the geographic location and characteristics of natural or constructed features and boundaries on the Earth. This information may be derived from remote sensing, mapping, charting, surveying technologies, GPS, or statistical data, among other sources.
  • spatial data standards  - Descriptions of objects, features, or other geographically located items that are collected, automated, or affected by activities or functions of agencies, and may be structured in a model.
  • special access program  - a program established for a specific class of classified information that imposes safeguarding and access requirements that exceed those normally required for information at the same classification level.
  • special access program  - A sensitive acquisition, intelligence, or operations and support program, that imposes need-to-know and access controls beyond those normally provided for access to confidential, secret, or top secret information. Also called SAP.
  • special access program  - program established for a specific class of classified information that imposes safeguarding and access requirements that exceed those normally required for information at the same classification level beyond those normally provided for access to Confidential, Secret, or Top Secret areas or materials is approved by the DHS Secretary or DHS Deputy Secretary; includes special clearances, investigative requirements, or special access lists of persons determined to require special access; requirements may include unique physical security and personnel security investigative requirements, material dissemination restrictions, and formal identification of personnel with need-to-know as specifically determined by the Director, SAPCO DHS SAP Central

  865 Office (DHS SAPCO).

  • special access program agreement  - written agreement among relevant special access program parties that specifies roles, responsibilities, terms, and conditions for each party to reach a common goal.
  • special access program compartment  - effort under a special access program approved by the Director, Special Access Program Control Office (SAPCO) and protected by a separate special access program security classification guide (SAP SCG) or guidance derived from an existing SAP SCG of its parent compartment or the umbrella.
  • special access program disestablishment  - actions taken when active enhanced security measures are no longer required for the information contained within the special access program.
  • special access program nickname  - combination of two separate unclassified words to designate an unclassified meaning employed only for unclassified administrative, moral, or public information purposes.
  • special access program project  - narrowly-focused, short-term effort under a special access program sub-compartment approved by the cognizant security authority, or designee that is protected by a specific security classification guide or based upon written guidance derived from an existing security classification guide of its parent compartment or sub-compartment.
  • special access program sub-compartment  - effort under a special access program compartment approved by the cognizant security authority and protected by a distinct and separate security classification guide or based up written guidance derived from an existing security classification guide of its parent compartment.
  • special access program termination  - action that results when all activity within a special access program, (including compartment(s), sub-compartment(s), and project(s)) ceases in its entirety or, if all activity does not cease but special access program enhanced security measures normally applied are no longer required.
  • special access program transition  - action that results in a change in protection level of the information protected by the special access program (but not the entire special access program umbrella (parent)), Compartment(s) and/ or Sub–Compartment(s)actions include: 1) removing all special access program enhanced security controls from one or more compartments and/ or sub- compartments and terminating the compartments and/ or sub-compartments. All remaining compartments and/ or sub–compartments are retained unchanged, 2) removing special access program enhanced security controls from a specific and defined subset of the information protected by the special access program umbrella (parent), compartment and/ or subcompartment, but not the entire special access program umbrella (parent), compartment, or subcompartment, and 3) the transfer of information protected by a special access program to another special access program, compartment, or subcompartment and the transferring program special access program compartment or subcompartment is not being terminated.
  • special access program waiver  - decision that permits non-compliance with a special access program security standard.
  • special agent  - A special agent in the Diplomatic Security Service (DSS) is a sworn officer of the Department or the Foreign Service, whose position is designated as either a GS-1811 or FS-2501 to perform those specific law enforcement duties as authorized by various federal laws.
  • special agent  - an employee of the Department of State who- (1) Holds valid credentials as a special agent in the Diplomatic Security Service issued by the Director, Diplomatic Security Service; and

  866  

  • special agent  - Except for purposes of determining eligibility for Law Enforcement Availability Pay, a member of the Foreign Service, the Senior Foreign Service, the Senior Executive Service, or a GS- 1811 criminal investigator, who both- (1) Holds valid credentials as a special agent in the Diplomatic Security Service issued by the Director, Diplomatic Security Service; and (2) Occupies a position with the Foreign Service primary skill code of 2501 or the Civil Service occupation code 1811. Scheduled annual rate of pay- (1) The Foreign Service rate of basic pay for the members class and step, exclusive of additional pay of any kind; and (2) The salary for the members salary class in the Senior Foreign Service, exclusive of additional pay of any kind.
  • special cargo  — Cargo that requires special handling or protection, such as pyrotechnics, detonators, watches, and precision instruments.
  • special clearances  - Clearances required for specific captioned documents to control or limit distribution.
  • special compensatory time off at isolated posts and certain other designated posts in foreign areas  - time off from work during the employees basic workweek for an equal amount of regularly scheduled overtime work at specified foreign posts.
  • special competency  - a special or unique capability, including qualitative aspects, developed incidental to the primary functions of the Federally Funded Research and Development Centers to meet some special need.

special disabled veteran- (A) a veteran entitled to compensation (or who but for the receipt of military retired pay would be entitled) under laws administered by the Secretary for a disability (i) rated at 30 percent or more, or (ii) rated at 10 or 20 percent in the case of a veteran who has been determined to have a serious employment handicap; or (B) a person who was discharged or released from active duty because of service-connected disability.

  • Special event  - An international or domestic event, contest, activity, or meeting, which by its very nature, or by specific statutory or regulatory authority, may warrant security, safety, and other logistical support or assistance.
  • special event  — An international or domestic event, contest, activity, or meeting, which by its very nature, or by specific statutory or regulatory authority, may warrant security, safety, and/ or other logistical support or assistance from the Department of Defense.
  • special event assessment rating  - preplanned special event below the level of National Security Special Event that have been submitted via the annual National Special Event Data Call.
  • special exception  - an exception under a State alcohol-ignition interlock law for the following circumstances: (A) The individual is required to operate an employer's motor vehicle in the course and scope of employment and the business entity that owns the vehicle is not owned or controlled by the individual. (B) The individual is certified by a medical doctor as being unable to provide a deep lung breath sample for analysis by an ignition interlock device.
  • special forces  - United States Army forces organized, trained, and equipped to conduct special operations with an emphasis on unconventional warfare capabilities. Also called SF.
  • special forces group  - The largest Army combat element for special operations consisting of command and control, special forces battalions, and a support battalion capable of long duration missions. Also called SFG.

  867

  • special interest alien  - foreign national originating from a country (determined by individual Components) identified as having possible or established links to terrorism.
  • special investigators  - Contracted by the Department. Performs various non-criminal investigative functions in Diplomatic Security (DS) headquarters, field, and resident offices. They are not members of the Diplomatic Security Service (DSS) and are not authorized to conduct criminal investigations.
  • special investigators  - Contracted by the Department. Performs various non-criminal investigative functions in Diplomatic Security (DS) headquarters, field, and resident offices. They are not members of the Diplomatic Security Service (DSS) and are not authorized to conduct criminal investigations.
  • special mission unit  - A generic term to represent an organization composed of operations and support personnel that is task-organized to perform highly classified activities. Also called SMU.
  • special needs  - A documented need of the Department for a specific set of skills and/ or expertise and recruitment has met with limited success. An individual who is singularly suited to a unique Departmental function; one who has special though not necessarily superior qualifications that meets the need of a position or a documented area of chronic labor shortage.
  • special needs  - Physical characteristics of a traveler that do not necessarily meet the definition of disability under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Such physical characteristics could include, but are not limited to, the weight or height of the traveler, or a temporary medical condition. (See also employee with a disability. )
  • special needs populations  - Populations whose members may have additional needs before, during, and after an incident in functional areas, including but not limited to - maintaining independence, communication, transportation, supervision, and medical care. Individuals in need of additional response assistance may include those who have disabilities; who live in institutionalized settings; who are elderly; who are children; who are from diverse cultures; who have limited English proficiency or are non-English speaking; or who are transportation disadvantaged.
  • special nuclear material  - plutonium, or uranium enriched in the isotope 233 or in the isotope 235, or any other material which is found to be special nuclear material pursuant to the provisions of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
  • special operations  - Operations requiring unique modes of employment, tactical techniques, equipment and training often conducted in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive environments and characterized by one or more of the following: time sensitive, clandestine, low visibility, conducted with and/ or through indigenous forces, requiring regional expertise, and/ or a high degree of risk.
  • special operations command and control element  — A special operations element that is the focal point for the synchronization of special operations forces activities with conventional forces activities. Also called SOCCE. See also command and control; joint force special operations component commander; special operations; special operations forces.
  • special operations forces  - Those Active and Reserve Component forces of the Services designated by the Secretary of Defense and specifically organized, trained, and equipped to conduct and support special operations. Also called SOF. See also Air Force special operations forces; Army special operations forces; Navy special operations forces.
  • special operations joint task force  - A modular, tailorable, and scalable special operations task force designed to provide integrated, fully-capable, and enabled joint special operations forces to

  868   geographic combatant commanders and joint force commanders. Also called SOJTF.

  • special operations liaison element  — A special operations liaison team provided by the joint force special operations component commander to coordinate, deconflict, and synchronize special operations air, surface, and subsurface operations with conventional air operations. Also called SOLE. See also joint force air component commander; joint force special operations component commander; special operations.
  • special operations task force  - A scalable unit, normally of battalion size, in charge of the special operations element, organized around the nucleus of special operations forces and support elements. Also called SOTF.
  • special operations weather team  — A task organized team of Air Force personnel organized, trained, and equipped to collect critical environmental information from data sparse areas.
  • special operations wing  — An Air Force special operations wing. Also called SOW.
  • special operations-peculiar  - Equipment, material, supplies, and services required for special operations missions for which there is no Service-common requirement. See also Service-common; special operations.

special populations- (A) individuals with disabilities; (B) individuals from economically disadvantaged families, including foster children; (C) individuals preparing for non-traditional fields; (D) single parents, including single pregnant women; (E) displaced homemakers; and (F) individuals with limited English proficiency.

  • special populations  - adults with mental illnesses who have co-occurring primary care conditions and chronic diseases.
  • special priorities assistance  - action by resource departments to assist with expediting deliveries, placing rated orders, locating suppliers, resolving production or delivery conflicts between various rated orders, addressing problems that arise in the fulfillment of a rated order or other action authorized by a delegated agency, and determining the validity of rated orders.

special projects- (A) a special project grant to a minority institution which supports activities that (i ) improve the quality of training in science and engineering at minority institutions; or (ii) enhance the minority institutions' general scientific research capabilities; or (B) a special project grant to any eligible applicant which supports activities that (i) provide a needed service to a group of eligible minority institutions; or (ii) provide in-service training for project directors, scientists, and engineers from eligible minority institutions.

  • special protected class  - class of aliens for which there are additional statutory, regulatory, or policy protectionsdata pertaining to these classes of aliens may have handling or use requirements different from United States Persons information or other alien data.
  • special protective equipment  - Department-issued specialized equipment required for law enforcement and security duties including, but not limited to, firearms, other lethal weapons, and less than lethal weapons. Also called SPE.
  • special purpose equipment  - equipment which is used only for research, medical, scientific, or other technical activities. Examples of special purpose equipment include microscopes, x-ray machines, surgical instruments, and spectrometers.

  869

  • special purpose equipment  - equipment which is used only for research, medical, scientific, or other technical activities. Examples of special purpose equipment include microscopes, x-ray machines, surgical instruments, and spectrometers.
  • special purpose equipment  - equipment which is used only for research, medical, scientific, or other technical activities. Examples of special purpose equipment include microscopes, x-ray machines, surgical instruments, and spectrometers.
  • special purpose post  - Operates on a curtailed basis in conjunction with a larger post known as the administrative post.
  • special purpose unit of local government  - any special district, public-purpose corporation, or other limited-purpose political subdivision of a State, but shall not include a school district.

special reconnaissance -Reconnaissance and surveillance actions conducted as a special operation in hostile, denied, or diplomatically and/ or politically sensitive environments to collect or verify information of strategic or operational significance, employing military capabilities not normally found in conventional forces. Also called SR.

  • Special Security Officer  - person designated the responsibility for the secure operation of a sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF) and ensuring the secure processing, handling, storage, destruction, and transmittal of U.S. Government classified and sensitive compartmented information (SCI)works under the direction of the Chief, Special Security Programs Division or the Assistant Commandant Intelligence and Criminal Investigations (for USCG).
  • Special Security Representative  - person who works under the direction of the supporting Special Security Officer (SSO) in a given area of responsibility.
  • special sensitive position  - position designated at a level higher than critical sensitive.
  • Special Support Services  - Provides general services including delivery of shipments at the Main State Building, laborers for office moves, plus the installation of security devices and other services.
  • special tactics team  - An Air Force task-organized element of special tactics that may include combat control, pararescue, tactical air control party, and special operations weather personnel. Also called STT. See also combat search and rescue; special operations; special operations forces; terminal attack control.
  • special test equipment  - either single or multipurpose integrated test units engineered, designed, fabricated, or modified to accomplish special purpose testing in performing a contract. It consists of items or assemblies of equipment including foundations and similar improvements necessary for installing special test equipment, and standard or general purpose items or components that are interconnected and interdependent so as to become a new functional entity for special testing purposes. Special test equipment does not include material, special tooling, real property, and equipment items used for general testing purposes or property that with relatively minor expense can be made suitable for general purpose use.
  • special tooling  - jigs, dies, fixtures, molds, patterns, taps, gauges, and all components of these items including foundations and similar improvements necessary for installing special tooling, and which are of such a specialized nature that without substantial modification or alteration their use is limited to the development or production of particular supplies or parts thereof or to the performance of particular services. Special tooling does not include material, special test equipment, real property,

  870   equipment, machine tools, or similar capital items.

  • special use application  - business software such as mobile applications that use the web as all or part of its communications network generally has a limited audience and restricted access via user identification/ password.
  • specialization  - An arrangement within an alliance wherein a member or group of members most suited by virtue of technical skills, location, or other qualifications assume(s) greater responsibility for a specific task or significant portion thereof for one or more other members.
  • specialized experience  - Experience that has equipped the applicant with the particular knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform successfully the duties of the position and is typically in or related to the work of the position to be filled.
  • specialized or technical services  - statistical and other studies and compilations, development projects, technical tests and evaluations, technical information, training activities, surveys, reports, documents, and any other similar service functions which any Federal agency is especially equipped and authorized by law to perform.

specialty area- Office of Personnel Management's Guide to Data Standards.

  • specialty health care service  - a health care service which requires the services of a health care professional with specialized knowledge or experience.
  • specialty health care service  - any service relating to — (i) dialysis; (ii) surgery; (iii) mammography; (iv ) dentistry; or (v) any other specialty health care service.
  • specific learning disability  - a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.

specific selection term- (I) is a term that specifically identifies a person, account, address, or personal device, or any other specific identifier; and
(II) is used to limit, to the greatest extent reasonably practicable, the scope of tangible things sought consistent with the purpose for seeking the tangible things. specifically authorized by the Congress -(A) the activity and the amount of funds proposed to be used for that activity were identified in a formal budget request to the Congress, but funds shall be deemed to be specifically authorized for that activity only to the extent that the Congress both authorized the funds to be appropriated for that activity and appropriated the funds for that activity; or (B) although the funds were not formally requested, the Congress both specifically authorized the appropriation of the funds for the activity and appropriated the funds for the activity.

  • specification  - clear and accurate description of the technical requirements for materials, products, or services including the minimum requirement for material quality and construction and any equipment necessary for an acceptable product.
  • specifications  - The clear and accurate description of the technical requirements of a service or supply contract.
  • specified combatant command  - A command, normally composed of forces from a single Military Department, that has a broad, continuing mission, normally functional, and is established and so

  871 designated by the President through the Secretary of Defense with the advice and assistance of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. JP 1 )

  • specified combatant command  - a military command which has broad, continuing missions and which is normally composed of forces from a single military department.
  • specified task  — In the context of joint operation planning, a task that is specifically assigned to an organization by its higher headquarters. See also essential task; implied task.
  • specified terrorist attack  - any terrorist activity conducted against the Government or people of the United States on September 11, 2001. This includes the attacks on the World Trade Center area and the Pentagon, as well as the crash of Flight 93 in Pennsylvania. It does not include the subsequent anthrax attacks or other previous or subsequent terrorist activities.
  • speech or language impairment  - a communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.
  • speleogen  - relief features on the walls, ceiling, and floor of any cave or lava tube which are part of the surrounding bedrock, including but not limited to anastomoses, scallops, meander niches, petromorphs and rock pendants in solution caves and similar features unique to volcanic caves.
  • speleothem  - any natural mineral formation or deposit occurring in a cave or lava tube, including but not limited to any stalactite, stalagmite, helictite, cave flower, flowstone, concretion, drapery, rimstone, or formation of clay or mud.
  • spherical zone of control  - A volume of space in which uncleared personnel must be escorted which extends a specific distance in all directions from TEMPEST equipment processing classified information or from a shielded enclosure.
  • spherical zone of control  - A volume of space in which uncleared personnel must be escorted which extends a specific distance in all directions from TEMPEST equipment processing classified information or from a shielded enclosure.
  • spill of national significance  - a discharge of oil or a hazardous substance that is declared by the Commandant to be a spill of national significance.
  • spill prevention, control and countermeasure plan  - plan prepared in accordance with good engineering practices that establishes, for a specific facility, procedures to prevent oil discharges or to minimize the potential for oil discharges and that has the full approval of management at the level authorized to commit the necessary resources to support the plan.
  • spillage cyber security  - IT security incident that results in the transfer of classified or sensitive but unclassified information onto an information system or to a medium, person, or location not accredited (i.e., authorized) for the appropriate security level.
  • split-mission oriented protective posture  - The concept of maintaining heightened protective posture only in those areas (or zones) that are contaminated, allowing personnel in uncontaminated areas to continue to operate in a reduced posture. Also called split-MOPP.
  • spoils of war  - enemy movable property lawfully captured, seized, confiscated, or found which has become United States property in accordance with the laws of war.
  • spoke  - The portion of the hub and spoke distribution system that refers to transportation mode operators responsible for scheduled delivery to a customer of the “hub”. See also distribution;

  872   distribution system; hub; hub and spoke distribution. JP 4‐09 )

  • sponsor  - a person — (A) who is (i) a member of the Armed Forces serving on active duty, or (ii) a full- time civilian officer or employee of the Department of Defense and a citizen or national of the United States; and (B) who is authorized to transport dependents to or from an overseas area at Government expense and is provided an allowance for living quarters in that area.
  • sponsor  - an individual who executes an affidavit of support with respect to the sponsored alien and who — (A) is a citizen or national of the United States or an alien who is lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence; (B) is at least 18 years of age; (C) is domiciled in any of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, or any territory or possession of the United States; (D) is petitioning for the admission of the alien; and (E) demonstrates (as provided in paragraph (6)) the means to maintain an annual income equal to at least 125 percent of the Federal poverty line.
  • sponsor  - the U.S. Federal Government employee or U.S. military service member upon whose employment the EFMs eligibility for appointment is based.
  • sponsor DHS Component  - DHS Component that submits capability documentation into Joint Requirements Integration and Management System (JRIMS) and supports it through the entire acquisition lifecycle sponsor may change based on the role(s) assigned to specific organizations.
  • sponsor Federally Funded Research and Development Center  - executive agency which manages, administers, monitors, funds, and is responsible for the overall use of a Federally Funded Research and Development Center, other than the primary sponsor, that is party to a multiple agency sponsorship agreement.
  • sponsoring agency  - an agency that recommends access to or possession of classified information by SLTPS personnel.
  • spot  - 1. To determine by observation, deviations of ordnance from the target for the purpose of supplying necessary information for the adjustment of fire. 2. To place in a proper location. 3. An approved shipboard helicopter landing site. See also ordnance.
  • spot net  - Radio communication net used by a spotter in calling fire.
  • spot report  - A concise narrative report of essential information covering events or conditions that may have an immediate and significant effect on current planning and operations that is afforded the most expeditious means of transmission consistent with requisite security. Also called SPOTREP. (Note: In reconnaissance and surveillance usage, spot report is not to be used. )
  • spot report  - A timely method of keeping DS headquarters informed of fast breaking or significant events. It is a concise narrative of essential information and is afforded the most expeditious means of transmission consistent with requisite security. All courier-related Spot reports must be forwarded immediately to the DS Command Center and the Director of the Courier Service.
  • spotter  — An observer stationed for the purpose of observing and reporting results of naval gunfire to the firing agency and who also may be employed in designating targets.
  • spotter  — An observer stationed for the purpose of observing and reporting results of naval gunfire to the firing agency and who also may be employed in designating targets.
  • spotting  — Parking aircraft in an approved shipboard landing site.

  873 JP 3‐04 )

  • spousal agreement  - an agreement between an employee, former employee, or retired employee and such employee's spouse or qualified former spouse that—(A) is in writing, is signed by the parties, and is notarized; (B) has not been modified by court order; and
(C) has been authenticated by the Director.
  • spouse  - a husband or wife, as the case may be.
  • spouse  - a person who is a wife or husband.
  • spouse or former spouse  - the husband or wife, or former husband or wife, respectively, of a member who, on or before the date of a court order, was married to that member.
  • spreader bar  - A device specially designed to permit the lifting and handling of containers or vehicles and breakbulk cargo.
  • spyware  - Software secretly or surreptitiously installed into an information system to gather information on individuals or organizations without their knowledge; a type of malicious code.
  • squadron  - 1. An organization consisting of two or more divisions of ships, or two or more divisions
  • squib/ ignitor  - item that causes the deflagration of low explosives, can be either electric or non-electric.
  • stability operations  - An overarching term encompassing various military missions, tasks, and activities conducted outside the United States in coordination with other instruments of national power to maintain or reestablish a safe and secure environment, provide essential governmental services, emergency infrastructure reconstruction, and humanitarian relief.
  • Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction Operations  - A core U.S. military mission that includes activities across the peace-war spectrum that are conducted to establish or maintain order in states or regions in order to achieve sustainable peace, while advancing U.S. interests.
  • stabilization  - Pertains to promoting activities that ready a situation or prepare the ground for a longer- term agenda. Lays the tracks, prevents backsliding or eruption to greater conflict.
  • stabilization  - The process of bringing about stability; or the process by which underlying tensions that might lead to resurgence in violence and a break-down in law and order are managed and reduced, while efforts are made to support preconditions for successful longer-term development.
  • stabilized patient  - A patient whose airway is secured, hemorrhage is controlled, shock treated, and fractures are immobilized.
  • stable patient  - A patient for whom no inflight medical intervention is expected but the potential for medical intervention exists.
  • staff judge advocate  - A judge advocate so designated in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, and the principal legal advisor of a Navy, Coast Guard, or joint force command who is a judge advocate.

  874   Also called SJA.

  • staff maintenance  - the board, lodging, clothing, local transportation, medical and dental care, social security and other assessments, gratuities, burial expenses, and so forth, which are required in accordance with local law or custom to be provided to household staff by the principal representative in addition to wages. Transportation costs and training described in DSSR 451 also are considered to be a part of staffs maintenance.
  • Stafford Act  - The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. This Act describes the programs and processes by which the Federal Government provides disaster and emergency assistance to State and local governments, tribal nations, eligible private nonprofit organizations, and individuals affected by a declared major disaster or emergency. The Stafford Act covers all hazards, including natural disasters and terrorist events.
  • stage development  - period within the life cycle of an entity that relates to the state of its description or realization.
  • staging  - Assembling, holding, and organizing arriving personnel, equipment, and sustaining materiel in preparation for onward movement. See also staging area.
  • staging area  - 1. Amphibious or airborne — A general locality between the mounting area and the objective of an amphibious or airborne expedition, through which the expedition or parts thereof pass after mounting, for refueling, regrouping of ships, and/ or exercise, inspection, and redistribution of troops. 2. Other movements — A general locality established for the concentration of troop units and transient personnel between movements over the lines of communications. Also called SA. See also airborne; marshalling; staging.
  • staging area  - Any location in which personnel, supplies, and equipment can be temporarily housed or parked while awaiting operational assignment.
  • staging base  - 1. An advanced naval base for the anchoring, fueling, and refitting of transports and cargo ships as well as replenishment of mobile service squadrons.
  • stakeholder  - In public affairs, an individual or group that is directly impacted by military operations, actions, and/ or outcomes, and whose interests positively or negatively motivate them toward action.
  • stakeholder  - person or organization who may be impacted by a policy or action includes individual or organization having a right, share, claim, or interest in a system or in its possession of characteristics that meet their needs and expectations.
  • stalking  - engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to — (A) fear for his or her safety or the safety of others; or (B) suffer substantial emotional distress.
  • stand-alone  - A device that functions independently of a network.

standard- (A) characteristics for a good or a service, (B) characteristics, rules, or guidelines for — (i ) processes or production methods relating to such good, or (ii) operating methods relating to such service, and (C) provisions specifying terminology, symbols, packaging, marking, or labeling for — (i) a good or its related process or production methods, or(ii) a service or its related operating methods, for common and repeated use, including explanatory and other related provisions set out in a document approved by a standardizing body, with which compliance is not mandatory.   875

  • standard  - a document approved by a recognized body, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines, or characteristics for products or related processes and production methods, with which compliance is not mandatory. Such term may also include or deal exclusively with terminology, symbols, packaging, marking, or labeling requirements as they apply to a product, process, or production method.
  • standard  - common and repeated use of rules, definitions, conditions, guidelines, or characteristics for products or related processes, procedures and production methods, and related management systems practices.
  • standard document  - document that establishes engineering and technical requirements for products, processes, procedures, practices, and methods that have been decreed by authority or adopted by consensus includes: common and repeated use of rules, conditions, guidelines or characteristics for products or related processes and production methods, and related management systems practices; the definition of terms; classification of components; delineation of procedures; specification of dimensions, materials, performance, designs, or operations; measurement of quality and quantity in describing materials, processes, products, systems, services, or practices; test methods and sampling procedures; formats for information and communication exchange; or descriptions of fit and measurements of size or strength; and terminology, symbols, packaging, marking or labeling requirements as they apply to a product, process, or production method excludes: professional standards of personal conduct; or institutional codes of ethics.
  • standard change  - alteration in the current state that follows a procedure or work instruction due to their relatively low risk and well understood change.
  • standard competition form  - The agency form that documents and certifies all costs calculated in the standard competition. Also called SCF.
  • standard general ledger  - A uniform chart of accounts and technical guidance to be used in standardizing Federal agency accounting and to support the preparation of standard external reports required by central agencies.
  • standard mail  - Standard Mail consists of mailable matter that is neither mailed nor required to be mailed as First-Class Mail nor entered as Periodicals (unless permitted or required by standard) and that weighs less than 16ounces. StandardMail includes matter formerly classified as StandardMail (A) and third-class mail.
  • standard of care health care  - health care diagnostic or treatment judgments and actions of a provider/ professional generally accepted in the healthcare discipline or specialty involved as reasonable, prudent, and appropriate.
  • standard of performance  - a requirement of continuous emission reduction, including any requirement relating to the operation or maintenance of a source to assure continuous emission reduction.
  • standard of performance  - a standard for emissions of air pollutants which reflects the degree of emission limitation achievable through the application of the best system of emission reduction which (taking into account the cost of achieving such reduction and any nonair quality health and environmental impact and energy requirements) the Administrator determines has been adequately demonstrated.
  • standard operating procedure  - The specific references made in this subchapter to auxiliary and supplementary material that further details procedures and processes that apply to the FS assignment process. Also called SOP.

  876  

  • standard operating procedure  - A set of instructions applicable to those features of operations that lend themselves to a definite or standardized procedure without loss of effectiveness. Also called SOP; standing operating procedure.
  • standard operating procedure  - Complete reference document or an operations manual that provides the purpose, authorities, duration, and details for the preferred method of performing a single function or a number of interrelated functions in a uniform manner. Also called SOP. standard or technical standard - all of the following: (i) common and repeated use of rules, conditions, guidelines or characteristics for products or related processes and production methods, and related management systems practices; (ii) the definition of terms; classification of components; delineation of procedures; specification of dimensions, materials, performance, designs, or operations; measurement of quality and quantity in describing materials, processes, products, systems, services, or practices; test methods and sampling procedures; formats for information and communication exchange; or descriptions of fit and measurements of size or strength; and (iii) terminology, symbols, packaging, marking or labeling requirements as they apply to a product, process, or production method. b. The term standard does not include the following: (i) professional standards of personal conduct; or(ii) institutional codes of ethics.
  • standard risk rate  - a rate — (A) determined under the State high risk pool by considering the premium rates charged by other health insurers offering health insurance coverage to individuals in the insurance market served; (B) that is established using reasonable actuarial techniques; and(C) that reflects anticipated claims experience and expenses for the coverage involved.
  • standard setting organization  - an organization that (A) is accredited by the American National Standards Institute;(B) develops standards for information transactions, data elements, or any other standard that is necessary to, or will facilitate, and (C) is open to the participation of the various entities engaged in the delivery of Federal student financial assistance.
  • standard use Army aircraft flight route  - Route established below the coordination level to facilitate the movement of Army aviation assets; it is normally located in the corps through brigade rear areas of operation and does not require approval by the airspace control authority. Also called SAAFR.
  • standardization  - The process by which the Department of Defense achieves the closest practicable cooperation among the Services and Department of Defense agencies for the most efficient use of research, development, and production resources, and agrees to adopt on the broadest possible basis the use of: a. common or compatible operational, administrative, and logistic procedures; b. common or compatible technical procedures and criteria; c. common, compatible, or interchangeable supplies, components, weapons, or equipment; and d. common or compatible tactical doctrine with corresponding organizational compatibility.
  • standards  - A set of detailed technical guidelines used as a means of establishing uniformity in an area of hardware or software development.
  • standards  - An established basis of performance used to determine quality and acceptability. As applied to information technology, standards characteristically address the implementation of technical and operating functions, and interfaces between equipment, between software packages, and between equipment and software packages. Standards become rules when an appropriate authority so determines.
  • standards  - Documented agreements containing technical specifications or other precise criteria to be used consistently as rules, guidelines, or definitions of characteristics to ensure that materials, products, processes, or services are fit for their purposes.
  • standards  - Established bases of performance used to determine quality and acceptability. As applied to

  877 information technology, standards characteristically address the implementation of technical and operating functions and interfaces between equipment, between software packages, and between equipment and software packages. Standards become rules when an appropriate authority so determines. USAID, FAH, 5 FAH‐2 H‐114 )

  • standards-related activity  - the development, adoption, or application of any standard, technical regulation, or conformity assessment procedure.
  • standards-related measure  - a standard, technical regulation, or conformity assessment procedure.
  • Standby Reserve  - Those units and members of the Reserve Component (other than those in the Ready Reserve or Retired Reserve) who are liable for active duty only, as provided in Title 10, United States Code. See also active duty; Ready Reserve; Reserve Component; Retired Reserve.
  • standing information need  - statement describing the full spectrum of enduring all-threats and all- hazards data and information needed by Homeland Security Community of Interest intelligence analysts to perform analytical work to answer their customers' intelligence questions.
  • standing joint force headquarters  - A staff organization operating under a flag or general officer providing a combatant commander with a full-time, trained joint command and control element integrated into the combatant commander’s staff whose focus is on contingency and crisis action planning. Also called SJFHQ.
  • standing order  - a document prepared by a person authorized to prescribe medication that permits another person to acquire, dispense, or administer medication without a person-specific prescription.
  • standing rules for the use of force  - Preapproved directives to guide United States forces on the use of force during various operations. Also called SRUF.
  • start date  - The start date for a streamlined or standard competition is the date that the agency makes a formal public announcement of the agency’s decision to perform a streamlined or standard competition.
  • start of message indicator  - The letters ZCZC on ACP Format Line 1 indicating the start of a telegram. Activates automatic switching equipment at network control centers. Is preceded by the letter V, which indicates the start of the transmission function. Also called SOM.
  • start of transmission function  - The letter V immediately preceding the SOM (ZCZC) on messages passing into or through automatic switching systems.
  • State  - any of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, any territory or possession of the United States, or any agency or instrumentality of a State exclusive of local governments.
  • State  - any of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, any territory or possession of the United States, or any agency or instrumentality of a State, but does not include the governments of the political subdivisions of a State.
  • State  - any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any territory or possession of the United States.
  • State  - any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and

  878   any possession of the United States.

  • State  - any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, any instrumentality thereof, any multi-State, regional, or interstate entity which has governmental functions, and any Indian tribe.
  • State  - any State, political subdivision of a State, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, and any territory or possession of the United States, and includes any officer, public utility commission, or other body authorized to regulate an electronic communication service provider.
  • State  - each of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
  • state  - When capitalized, refers to any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any possession of the United States.
  • state and local personnel  - any of the following persons involved in prevention, preparation, or response for terrorist attack:(A) State Governors, mayors, and other locally elected officials. (B) State and local law enforcement personnel and firefighters.
(C) Public health and medical professionals.
(D) Regional, State, and local emergency management agency personnel, including State adjutant generals.
(E) Other appropriate emergency response agency personnel.
(F) Employees of private- sector entities that affect critical infrastructure, cyber, economic, or public health security, as designated by the Federal Government in procedures developed.
  • state and local taxes  - taxes levied by the States, the District of Columbia, outlying areas of the United States, or their political subdivisions.
  • State and Major Urban Area Fusion Center  - collaborative effort of two or more federal, state, local, or tribal government agencies, owned and operated by state and/ or local entities, that combines resources, expertise, and information to maximize the ability of such entities to detect, prevent, investigate, apprehend, and respond to terrorist threats or activities, criminal activity, or other threats to public safety.
  • state authority  - an authority of a State designated under State law — (A) to receive notice required to be given a State authority under subpart II of this part; or (B) as the representative of the State before the Secretary of Transportation in any matter about which the Secretary is required to consult with or consider the views of a State authority under subpart II of this part.
  • State Coordinating Officer  - The individual appointed by the Governor to coordinate State disaster assistance efforts with those of the Federal Government. The SCO plays a critical role in managing the State response and recovery operations following Stafford Act declarations. The Governor of the affected State appoints the SCO, and lines of authority flow from the Governor to the SCO, following the State's policies and laws. Also called SCO.
  • state dam safety agency  - a State agency that has regulatory authority over the safety of non-Federal dams.
  • state department of agriculture  - an agency of a State that has a legal responsibility to perform early plant pest detection and surveillance activities.

  879

  • state educational agency  - the State board of education or other agency or officer primarily responsible for the State supervision of public elementary and secondary schools, or, if there is no such officer or agency, an officer or agency designated by the Governor or by State law.
  • State Emergency Management Agency Director  - The official responsible for ensuring that the State is prepared to deal with large-scale emergencies and for coordinating the State response in any incident. This includes supporting local governments as needed or requested and coordinating assistance with other States and/ or the Federal Government.
  • state home  - a home established by a State (other than a possession) for veterans disabled by age, disease, or otherwise who by reason of such disability are incapable of earning a living. Such term also includes such a home which furnishes nursing home care for veterans.
  • State Homeland Security Advisor  - Person who serves as counsel to the Governor on homeland security issues and may serve as a liaison between the Governor’s office, the State homeland security structure, the Department of Homeland Security, and other organizations both inside and outside of the State.
  • state hospital facilities agency  - an existing agency which is broadly representative of the public hospitals and the nonprofit hospitals, or, if no such agency exists, an agency designated by the Governor of such State which conforms to the requirements of this paragraph.
  • state implementation plans  - general plan containing regulations and other materials to attain and maintain the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) developed by state and local air quality management agencies for meeting clean air standards and associated Clean Air Act requirements submitted to EPA for approval.

state law- (A) any law of a political subdivision of a State; and (B) any State law regulating or taxing the business of insurance. (c) No person other than the United States — (1) shall have any cause of action or defense under the Agreement or by virtue of congressional approval thereof; or (2) may challenge, in any action brought under any provision of law, any action or inaction by any department, agency, or other instrumentality of the United States, any State, or any political subdivision of a State, on the ground that such action or inaction is inconsistent with the Agreement.

  • state license  - A drivers license of the State, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, or possession in which the employee is domiciled or principally employed for operation of the type of U.S. Government vehicle to be used. For vehicles defined as commercial, the proper State license is the commercial drivers license (CDL).
  • state mental health authority  - the State health authority, except that, in the case of any State in which there is a single State agency, other than the State health authority, charged with responsibility for administering the mental health program of the State, it means such other State agency.
  • State Messaging and Archive Retrieval Toolset  - A simple, secure, and user-driven system to support the conduct of diplomacy through modern messaging, dynamic archiving, and information sharing. Also called SMART.
  • State of Design  - The State having jurisdiction over the organization responsible for the type certificate
  • State of Manufacture  - The State having jurisdiction over the organization responsible for the final assembly of the aircraft.
  • State of Occurrence  - The State in the territory of which an accident or incident occurs.

  880   FAM 912.2 )

  • State of Registry  - The State in which an aircraft is registered.
  • State of the Operator  - The State in which the aircraft operators principal place of business is located, or, if there is no such place of business, the operators permanent residence.
  • state one-call notification program  - the State statutes, regulations, orders, judicial decisions, and other elements of law and policy in effect in a State that establish the requirements for the operation of one-call notification systems in such State.

State or local government- (A) any State and any agency or instrumentality thereof;
(B) any local government within a State, and any agency or instrumentality thereof;
(C) any other governmental instrumentality; and(D) any public institution of higher education within the meaning of the Higher Education Act of 1965.

  • state public assistance agency  - a State agency administering or supervising the administration of one or more public assistance programs operated by the State. For the purpose of this Attachment, these programs include all programs administered by the State public assistance agency.
  • state public assistance agency costs  - all costs incurred by, or allocable to, the State public assistance agency, except expenditures for financial assistance, medical vendor payments, food stamps, and payments for services and goods provided directly to program recipients.
  • state rail transportation authority  - the State agency or official responsible under the direction of the Governor of the State or a State law for preparation, maintenance, coordination, and administration of the State rail plan.
  • state regulated gas utility  - any gas utility with respect to which a State regulatory authority has ratemaking authority.
  • state regulatory authority  - any State agency which has ratemaking authority with respect to the sale of natural gas by any gas utility (other than by such State agency).
  • state school facilities agency  - an existing agency which is broadly representative of public institutions of higher education, nonprofit institutions of higher education, public elementary and secondary schools, nonprofit elementary and secondary schools, public vocational education institutions, nonprofit vocational education institutions, and the interests of handicapped persons, in a State or, if no such agency exists, an agency which is designated by the Governor of such State which conforms to the requirements of this paragraph.
  • state securities or law enforcement authority  - the authority of any State or territory that is empowered under State or territory law to detect, investigate, or prosecute potential violations of law.
  • state sponsor of international terrorism  - any country the government of which has been determined by the Secretary of State under any of the laws specified in paragraph (2) to have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism.
  • State Telecommunications Alternate Relay System  - The primary relay system for all record traffic for the Department of State and related foreign affairs agencies. Located at SA-26, Beltsville, MD. Also called STARS.

state trading enterprise- (A) any agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit of a foreign country which — (i) purchases goods or services in international trade for any purpose other than the use of   881 such goods or services by such agency, instrumentality, administrative unit, or foreign country, or (ii) sells goods or services in international trade; or (B) any business firm which—(i) is substantially owned or controlled by a foreign country or any agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit thereof,(ii) is granted (formally or informally) any special or exclusive privilege by such foreign country, agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit, and(iii) purchases goods or services in international trade for any purpose other than the use of such goods or services by such foreign country, agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit, or which sells goods or services in international trade. §2906 )

state trading enterprise- (A) any agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit of a foreign country which — (i) purchases goods or services in international trade for any purpose other than the use of such goods or services by such agency, instrumentality, administrative unit, or foreign country, or (ii) sells goods or services in international trade; or (B) any business firm which—(i) is substantially owned or controlled by a foreign country or any agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit thereof,(ii) is granted (formally or informally) any special or exclusive privilege by such foreign country, agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit, and(iii) purchases goods or services in international trade for any purpose other than the use of such goods or services by such foreign country, agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit, or which sells goods or services in international trade.

  • state utility  - a State or any political subdivision of a State, or any agency, authority, or instrumentality of any one or more of the foregoing, or a corporation that is wholly owned, directly or indirectly, by any one or more of the foregoing, competent to carry on the business of developing, transmitting, utilizing, or distributing power.
  • State, local, and tribal personnel  - any of the following persons: (1) Governors, mayors, tribal leaders, and other elected or appointed officials of a State, local government, or tribe; (2) State, local, and tribal law enforcement personnel and firefighters;
(3) public health, radiological health, and medical professionals of a State, local government, or tribe; and (4) regional, State, local, and tribal emergency management agency personnel, including State Adjutants General and other appropriate public safety personnel and those personnel providing support to a Federal CIKR mission.
  • stateless person  - A person who is not considered as a national by any state under the operation of its law. See also dislocated civilian; displaced person; evacuee; refugee.
  • statement of assurance  - A letter or memorandum that states or certifies to a higher level of management that the required evaluation of management controls was conducted in accordance with OMB Circular A-123, revised. The memorandum states that the organizations systems of management control taken as a whole complies with GAO standards and provides reasonable assurance that programs are effectively carried out in accordance with applicable law. The statement also identifies the material weaknesses and/ or significant deficiencies, if any, in the organizations systems of management control, however identified, and contains a plan for correcting these weaknesses.
  • statement of objectives  - a Government prepared document incorporated into the solicitation that states the overall performance objectives. It is used in solicitations when the Government intends to provide the maximum flexibility to each offeror to propose an innovative approach. Also called SOO.
  • statement of objectives  - government-prepared document incorporated into the solicitation that states the overall performance objectives used in solicitations when the government intends to provide the maximum flexibility to each offeror to propose an innovative approach.
  • statement of work  - document that describes the minimum requirements for performance under a contract and the standards of performance for determining if the requirements have been met has the following purposes: communicates the work that must be accomplished, establishes a basis for

  882   evaluating offerors’ proposals, forms the core of any resulting contract, and establishes a basis for evaluating a contractor’s performance.

  • statewide fusion center coordination plan  - document that identifies the roles, responsibilities, and coordination efforts for each fusion center within a state in carrying out the fusion process within that state
  • station  - The communications facility at a post or activity capable of transmitting and receiving telegrams.
  • station serial number  - A four-digit number on Format Line 3 matching the end of message (EOM ) validation number to indicate the telegram is a complete telegram. Also called SSN.
  • station time  — In air transport operations, the time at which crews, passengers, and cargo are to be on board and ready for the flight.
  • stationary source  - any building, structure, facility, or installation which emits or may emit any air pollutant. Nothing in subchapter II of this chapter relating to nonroad engines shall be construed to apply to stationary internal combustion engines.
  • stationary source  - generally any source of an air pollutant except those emissions resulting directly from an internal combustion engine for transportation purposes or from a nonroad engine or nonroad vehicle.
  • status  - The payment status of an issued check, whether outstanding or paid, according to Treasury records.
  • status report  - Relays information specifically related to the status of resources (e.g., the availability or assignment of resources).
  • status-of-forces agreement  - A bilateral or multilateral agreement that defines the legal position of a visiting military force deployed in the territory of a friendly state. Also called SOFA.
  • statute of descent and distribution  - A law prescribing the manner in which an estate is to be distributed among the heirs or relatives of an intestate person. The statute for a particular state in the United States may be found under the section Descent and Distribution for each state law summary contained in the United States Law Digest published by Martindale Hubbell (Martindale Hubbell Law Digest - United States Law Digest, multiple volumes). (See the Martindale Hubbell International Law Digest). These are accessible on-line through LexisNexis.
  • steady state activities  - Foundational activities, which include ongoing operations, security cooperation and other shaping or preventive activities. (GEF 2010) Those day-to-day activities executed overseas by United States Government entities to create conditions favorable to the United States exclusive of combat activities.
  • steady state project  - A project which has delivered an operational system that is now performing its mission.
  • steady state  - routine, day-to-day operations.
  • steam vessel  - a vessel propelled in whole or in part by steam, except a recreational vessel of not more than 40 feet in length.

  883

  • steamer  - Any ocean vessel that provides accommodations for passenger travel. )
  • STEM-focused specialty school  - a school, or dedicated program within a school, that engages students in rigorous, relevant, and integrated learning experiences focused on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, including computer science, which include authentic schoolwide research.
  • sterilizer  - In mine warfare, a device included in mines to render the mine permanently inoperative on expiration of a pre-determined time after laying.
  • steroid resource  - a space resource found on or within a single asteroid.
  • stockage objective  - The maximum quantities of materiel to be maintained on hand to sustain current operations, which will consist of the sum of stocks represented by the operating level and the safety level.
  • stockpiled conventional munitions assistance  - training and support in the disposal, demilitarization, physical security, and stockpile management of potentially dangerous stockpiles of explosive ordnance, small arms, and light weapons, including man-portable air-defense systems. Such term includes activities related to the furnishing of education, training, and technical assistance with respect to explosive safety, the detection and clearance of landmines and other explosive remnants of war, and the disposal, demilitarization, physical security, and stockpile management of potentially dangerous stockpiles of explosive ordnance, small arms, and light weapons, including man-portable air-defense systems.
  • Stop Tuberculosis Partnership  - the partnership of the World Health Organization, donors including the United States, high tuberculosis burden countries, multilateral agencies, and nongovernmental and technical agencies committed to short- and long-term measures required to control and eventually eliminate tuberculosis as a public health problem in the world.
  • Stop Tuberculosis Strategy  - the 6-point strategy to reduce tuberculosis developed by the World Health Organization, which is described in the Global Plan to Stop TB 2006–2015: Actions for Life, a comprehensive plan developed by the Stop TB Partnership that sets out the actions necessary to achieve the millennium development goal of cutting tuberculosis deaths and disease burden in half by 2015. Also called Stop TB Strategy.
  • Stop Tuberculosis Strategy  - the 6-point strategy to reduce tuberculosis developed by the World Health Organization, which is described in the Global Plan to Stop TB 2006–2015: Actions for Life, a comprehensive plan developed by the Stop TB Partnership that sets out the actions necessary to achieve the millennium development goal of cutting tuberculosis deaths and disease burden in half by 2015. Also called Stop TB Strategy.
  • stop-loss  - Presidential authority under Title 10, to suspend laws relating to promotion, retirement, or separation of any member of the Armed Forces determined essential to the national security of the United States, to include reservists if serving on active duty under Title 10, United States Code authorities for Presidential Reserve Call-up, partial mobilization, or full mobilization. See also mobilization; partial mobilization; Presidential Reserve Call-up.
  • storage  - the containment of hazardous waste, either on a temporary basis or for a period of years, in such a manner as not to constitute disposal of such hazardous waste.
  • storage facility  - any facility or geological formation which is capable of storing significant quantities of

  884   petroleum products. FEMA, US Code 42, §6232 )

  • storage media  - Media that includes, but is not limited to, magnetic media, such as tapes and disks; and optical media including optical disks and CD-ROM.
  • storage object  - A data object used in the system as a repository of information.
  • stowage  — The placement of cargo into a hold, compartment, or on a deck of a ship in such a way as to prevent damage from load shifts while the ship is underway.
  • stowage factor  - The number that expresses the space, in cubic feet, occupied by a long ton of any commodity as prepared for shipment, including all crating or packaging.
  • stowage plan  — A completed stowage diagram showing what materiel has been loaded and its stowage location in each hold, between-deck compartment, or other space in a ship, including deck space.
  • straggler  - a seaman who fails to join the ship without the intent to desert.
  • strangling  - intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly impeding the normal breathing or circulation of the blood of a person by applying pressure to the throat or neck, regardless of whether that conduct results in any visible injury or whether there is any intent to kill or protractedly injure the victim.
  • Strategic Airlift Capability Partnership  - the strategic airlift capability consortium established by the United States and other participating countries.
  • strategic and critical materials  - materials (including energy) that (1) would be needed to supply the military, industrial, and essential civilian needs of the United States during a national emergency, and (2) are not found or produced in the United States in sufficient quantities to meet such need and are vulnerable to the termination or reduction of the availability of the material.
  • strategic and critical materials  - materials that (A) would be needed to supply the military, industrial, and essential civilian needs of the United States during a national emergency, and (B) are not found or produced in the United States in sufficient quantities to meet such need.
  • Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty  - The Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms. The treaty was signed on July 31, 1991, entered into force December 5, 1994, and expired on December 5, 2009.START.
  • strategic communication  - Focused United States Government efforts to understand and engage key audiences to create, strengthen, or preserve conditions favorable for the advancement of United States Government interests, policies, and objectives through the use of coordinated programs, plans, themes, messages, and products synchronized with the actions of all instruments of national power. Also called SC.
  • strategic communication  - The focused USG efforts to understand and engage key audiences to create, strengthen, and preserve conditions for the advancement of USG interests, policies, and objectives through the use of coordinated programs, plans, themes, messages, and products synchronized with the actions of all instruments of national power.
  • strategic concept  - The course of action accepted as the result of the estimate of the strategic situation which is a statement of what is to be done in broad terms.

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  • strategic direction  - The processes and products by which the President, Secretary of Defense, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff provide strategic guidance to the Joint Staff, combatant commands, Services, and combat support agencies.
  • strategic end states  - Broadly expressed conditions designed to guide the Department's employment of the force in pursuit of National Security Strategy and Defense Strategy aims. Strategic end states assist planners in determining how to apply resources (forces, time, funding and level of effort). In most cases, strategic end states reflect long term goals that cannot be achieved during the life of the 2010 GEF or a single campaign plan. Additionally, most end states exceed a command's capability to achieve alone and can only be achieved through integrated USG effort.
  • strategic estimate  — The broad range of strategic factors that influence the commander’s understanding of its operational environment and its determination of missions, objectives, and courses of action. See also estimate; national intelligence estimate.
  • strategic foresight  - range of activities associated with longer range planning and alternative futures analysis.
  • strategic goal  - Includes the goal statement and goal overview. The highest level statement of aim or purpose that is included in the strategic plan. This plan’s five strategic goals articulate clear statements of what the Department wants to achieve to advance its mission and address relevant national problems, needs, challenges, and opportunities.
  • strategic goal  - statement of aim or purpose in a strategic plan that articulates what is needed to achieve objective.
  • strategic goals  - statements that articulate general long-term outcomes that an agency hopes to achieve for the major functions and operations of the agency. They should address the broader impact desired by the organization.
  • Strategic Guidance Statement and Strategic Plan  - Documents that together define the broad national strategic objectives; delineate authorities, roles, and responsibilities; determine required capabilities; and develop performance and effectiveness measures essential to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents.
  • Strategic Information and Operations Center  - The focal point and operational control center for all Federal intelligence, law enforcement, and investigative law enforcement activities related to domestic terrorist incidents or credible threats, including leading attribution investigations. The SIOC serves as an information clearinghouse to help collect, process, vet, and disseminate information relevant to law enforcement and criminal investigation efforts in a timely manner. Also called SIOC.
  • strategic intelligence  — Intelligence required for the formation of policy and military plans at national and international levels. See also intelligence; operational intelligence; tactical intelligence.
  • strategic intelligence  — Intelligence required for the formation of policy and military plans at national and international levels. See also intelligence; operational intelligence; tactical intelligence.
  • strategic level of war  - The level of war at which a nation, often as a member of a group of nations, determines national or multinational (alliance or coalition) strategic security objectives and guidance, then develops and uses national resources to achieve those objectives. See also operational level of war; tactical level of war.
  • strategic level  - indication of scale of significance for plans, activities, or directions that integrate and

  886   synchronize activities into overarching common objectives.Lexicon, Terms )

  • strategic mission  - primary area in which the organization will engage in order to ensure the desired end state.
  • strategic mobility  - The capability to deploy and sustain military forces worldwide in support of national strategy.
  • strategic objective  - Includes the objective statement and the objective overview. This plan’s 18 strategic objectives are the primary unit for strategic analysis and decision-making. Strategic objectives reflect the outcome or management impact the Department is trying to achieve and collectively represent the breadth of all Department activity.
  • strategic objective  - statement derived from broader strategic goal to express more specifically the path to follow to achieve or make progress on the goal.
  • strategic objectives  - statements that reflect the specific impact the agency aims to achieve under a certain goal. Objectives are tied to a set of performance goals and indicators established to help the agency monitor and understand progress.
  • Strategic Petroleum Reserve  - petroleum products stored in storage facilities pursuant to this part.
  • strategic plan  - A plan for the overall conduct of a war.
  • strategic plan  - A plan that serves as a framework for long-term (more than five years) decisions or for securing support/ approval. It provides a basis for more detailed planning; explains the business to others in order to inform, motivate, and involve; and assists benchmarking and performance monitoring. It also stimulates change and becomes a building block for the next plan.
  • strategic relationship  - formal alliance between entities, sponsor(s) and other users the enables and facilitates the development and maintenance of in-depth knowledge of the sponsor’s programs and operations; that ability to maintain continuity and currency in its special fields of expertise with a high degree of competence in its staff and work; the ability to operate in the public interest with objectivity and independence; the capability to be free from organizational conflicts of interest, and to respond effectively to the emerging needs of the sponsor(s) and other users.
  • strategic review  - annual process conducted to increase use of evidence and performance information in federal management and decision making identifies areas for improvement, strengthens collaboration and ownership of the strategic goals, informs, as appropriate, programming and budgeting, and provides feedback to future planning efforts.
  • strategic risk  - risk that impacts an entity’s vital interests or execution of chosen strategy, whether imposed by external threats or arising from flawed or poorly implemented strategy includes; risk that the proposed alternative fails to result in the achievement of those goals or in making contributions to them.
  • strategic sealift  - The afloat pre-positioning and ocean movement of military materiel in support of United States and multinational forces.
  • strategic sealift forces  - Sealift forces composed of ships, cargo handling and delivery systems, and the

  887 necessary operating personnel. See also force. JP 4‐01.6 )

  • strategic sealift shipping  - Common-user ships of the Military Sealift Command force, including pre- positioned ships after their pre-positioning mission has been completed and they have been returned to the operational control of the Military Sealift Command. See also Military Sealift Command; Military Sealift Command force.
  • strategic sourcing  - collaborative and structured process of critically analyzing DHS expenditures and using an enterprise approach to make business decisions about acquiring and managing commodities and services more effectively and efficiently across multiple Components or the entire Department.
  • strategic sourcing contract vehicle  - contract or agreement that has been established for use by multiple DHS Components to acquire supplies or services
  • strategies  - statements that describe the approaches or practices an agency plans to employ to make progress on strategic objectives.
  • strategy  - A prudent idea or set of ideas for employing the instruments of national power in a synchronized and integrated fashion to achieve theater, national, and/ or multinational objectives.
  • strategy  - A prudent idea or set of ideas for employing the instruments of national power in a synchronized and integrated fashion to achieve theater, national, and/ or multinational objectives. Views of where strategy ends and tactics begin differ between organizations. USAID views its basic strategic planning unit to be at the country level through the CDCS.
  • strategy  - statement of a course of action(s) to be taken in order to execute task(s), achieve objective(s) or goal(s), fulfill mission(s), or realize end state(s) based on existing or expected resources.
  • strategy  - The general plan or direction selected to accomplish incident objectives.
  • streamlined competition form  - The agency form that documents and certifies all costs calculated in the streamlined competition. Also called SLCF.
  • strength  - An aspect of an offeror's proposal that has merit or exceeds specified performance or capability requirements in a way that will be advantageous to the U.S. Government during contract performance.
  • strike  — An attack to damage or destroy an objective or a capability.
  • strike  - any strike or other concerted stoppage of work by employees (including a stoppage by reason of the expiration of a collective-bargaining agreement) and any concerted slowdown or other concerted interruption of operations by employees.
  • strike coordination and reconnaissance  - A mission flown for the purpose of detecting targets and coordinating or performing attack or reconnaissance on those targets. Also called SCAR.
  • student  - a person regularly pursuing a full-time course of study or training at an institution which is —

  888   accepted, on transfer, by not less than three institutions which are so accredited, for credit on the same basis as if transferred from an institution so accredited, or (D) an additional type of educational or training institution as defined by the Secretary, but not after he reaches the age of twenty-three or has completed four years of education beyond the high school level, except that, where his twenty-third birthday occurs during a semester or other enrollment period, he shall continue to be considered a student until the end of such semester or other enrollment period. A child shall not be deemed to have ceased to be a student during any interim between school years if the interim does not exceed five months and if he shows to the satisfaction of the Secretary that he has a bona fide intention of continuing to pursue a full-time course of education or training during the semester or other enrollment period immediately following the interim or during periods of reasonable duration during which, in the judgment of the Secretary, he is prevented by factors beyond his control from pursuing his education. A child shall not be deemed to be a student under this chapter during a period of service in the Armed Forces of the United States.

  • student  - any individual who seeks to be admitted to a graduate medical education program.
  • student financial aid  - those programs of general student assistance, such as those authorized by the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, which is administered by the U.S. Department of Education, and similar programs provided by other Federal agencies. It does not include programs which provide fellowships or similar Federal awards to students on a competitive basis, or for specified studies or research. Also called SFA.
  • students with disabilities  - more than 1 student with a disability.
  • study abroad students  - U.S. students who engage in academic study outside the United States, whether on a U.S. university-affiliated program or independently.
  • stuffing  — Packing of cargo into a container. See also unstuffing.
  • stunting  - to a condition that—(A) is measured by a height-to-age ratio that is more than 2 standard deviations below the median for the population;(B) manifests in children who are younger than 2 years of age;(C) is a process that can continue in children after they reach 2 years of age, resulting in an individual being stunted;(D) is a sign of chronic malnutrition; and(E) can lead to long-term poor health, delayed motor development, impaired cognitive function, and decreased immunity.
  • subacute care  - medical and health care services that are required for individuals recovering from acute care episodes that are less intensive than the level of care provided in acute-care hospitals, and includes skilled nursing care, hospice care, and other types of health services provided in other long- term-care facilities.
  • subaward  - An award of financial assistance in the form of money, or property in lieu of money, made under an award by a recipient to an eligible subrecipient or by a subrecipient to a lower tier subrecipient. The term includes financial assistance when provided by any legal agreement, even if the agreement is called a contract, but does not include procurement of goods and services nor does it include any form of assistance, which is excluded from the definition of award in paragraph (e).
  • subaward  - an award of financial assistance in the form of money, or property in lieu of money, made under an award by a recipient to an eligible subrecipient or by a subrecipient to a lower tier subrecipient. The term includes financial assistance when provided by any legal agreement, even if the agreement is called a contract, but does not include procurement of goods and services nor does it include any form of assistance which is excluded from the definition of award.

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  • subcashier  - An officer, direct-hire permanent employee, or a duly authorized personal services agreement (PSA) or personal services contract (PSC) employee hired of a Federal department, agency, or U.S. Government corporation who has been appropriately designated by an authorizing letter or memo signed by the employees U.S. citizen supervisor and approved by the FMO or management officer to receive an advance from a Class B cashier. Contractors may not be subcashiers, and when a subcashier advance level is U.S. dollar equivalent (USDE) 10,000 or more, the designation is valid only with the approval of the servicing USDO. The subcashier is accountable to the Class B cashier. The subcashier is an accountable officer.
  • subcontract  - a contract or contractual action entered into by a prime contractor or subcontractor to obtain supplies, materials, equipment, or services of any kind under a prime contract.
  • subcontract  - a legally binding agreement between a contractor that is already under contract to another party to perform work, and a third party, hereinafter referred to as the subcontractor, for the subcontractor to perform a part, or all, of the work that the contractor has undertaken.

subcontractor- (A) a person, other than the prime contractor, that offers to furnish or furnishes supplies, materials, equipment, or services of any kind under a prime contract or a subcontract entered into in connection with the prime contract; and (B) includes a person that offers to furnish or furnishes general supplies to the prime contractor or a higher tier subcontractor.

  • subcontractor employee  - an officer, partner, employee, or agent of a subcontractor.
  • sub-cost center  - A subsidiary cost center created to isolate a service within an existing cost center.
  • subject  - Generally an individual, process, or device causing information to flow among objects or change to the system state. See Object.
  • subject matter expert  - An individual thoroughly knowledgeable about the duties and responsibilities of a specific position. A SME is normally at or above the grade of the position being filled. Also called SME.
  • subject matter expert  - person with in-depth knowledge in a specific area or field
  • subject merchandise  – the class or kind of merchandise that is within the scope of an investigation, a review, a suspension agreement, an order, or a finding under the Antidumping Act, 1921.
  • subjective probability  - interpretation or estimate of probability as an individual al judgment or “degree of belief” about how likely a particular event is to occur, based on the state of knowledge and available evidence.
  • submarine operating authority  — The naval commander exercising operational control of submarines. Also called SUBOPAUTH.
  • submersible vessel  - a vessel that is capable of operating below the surface of the water.
  • submunition  - munition that, to perform its task, separates from a parent munition.
  • sub-object  - A budget object class used to identify an expense that can be quantified, totaled and distributed to agencies. For example, the sub-object numbers 2156 represents Field Travel and 1201

  890   represents Post Allowance.

  • suborbital trajectory  - the intentional flight path of a launch vehicle, reentry vehicle, or any portion thereof, whose vacuum instantaneous impact point does not leave the surface of the Earth.
  • subordinate campaign plan  - A combatant command prepared plan that satisfies the requirements under a Department of Defense campaign plan, which, depending upon the circumstances, transitions to a supported or supporting plan in execution.
  • subordinate command  - A command consisting of the commander and all those individuals, units, detachments, organizations, or installations that have been placed under the command by the authority establishing the subordinate command.
  • subordinate plan  - also referred to as a system security plan, is a plan that defines the security controls that are either planned or implemented for networks, facilities, systems, or groups of systems, as appropriate, within a specific accreditation boundary.
  • subordinate unified command  — A command established by commanders of unified commands, when so authorized by the Secretary of Defense through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to conduct operations on a continuing basis in accordance with the criteria set forth for unified commands. See also area command; functional component command; operational control; subordinate command; unified command.
  • subpoena  - A written command issued under the authority of a court, requiring the attendance of a person or the production of specified documents before the court or grand jury, with potential penalties for failure to comply.
  • subrecipient  - a non-Federal entity that expends Federal awards received from a pass-through entity to carry out a Federal program, but does not include an individual that is a beneficiary of such a program. A subrecipient may also be a recipient of other Federal awards directly from a Federal awarding agency. Guidance on distinguishing between a subrecipient and a vendor.
  • subrecipient  - a State or local governmental authority, a nonprofit organization, or an operator of public transportation or intercity bus service that receives Federal transit program grant funds indirectly through a recipient.
  • subrecipient  - The legal entity to which a subaward is made and which is accountable to the recipient for the use of the funds provided. The term may include foreign or international organizations (such as agencies of the United Nations) at the discretion of the Federal-awarding agency. A non-Federal entity that expends Federal awards received from a pass-through entity to carry out a Federal program, but does not include an individual that is a beneficiary of such a program. A subrecipient may also be a recipient of other Federal awards directly from a Federal awarding agency.
  • subrecipient  - the legal entity to which a subaward is made and which is accountable to the recipient for the use of the funds provided. The term may include foreign or international organizations (such as agencies of the United Nations) at the discretion of the Federal awarding agency.
  • subregional project  - A group of four or more participants from two or more countries within a geographically defined sub-region or region. An SRP may be conducted in English or the language of the participating countries. Also called SRP.
  • subscriber identity module  - small smart card containing programming and information that is used to identify and authenticate subscribers on mobile devices.

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  • subsidiary  - a firm, corporation, or other legal entity of which a parent owns, directly or indirectly, 50 percent of a 50-50 joint venture and has equal control and veto power over the entity; or owns, directly or indirectly, less than half of the entity, but in fact controls the entity.
  • subsidiary landing  - In an amphibious operation, a landing usually made outside the designated landing area, the purpose of which is to support the main landing.
  • substance abuse  - the abuse of alcohol or other drugs.
  • substance of concern  - a chemical or other substance that is associated with potential acute or chronic human health effects, the risk of exposure to which could potentially be increased as the result of a disaster, as determined by the President, acting through the Secretary of Health and Human Services, and in coordination with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Occupational Health and Safety Administration, and other agencies.
  • substance use disorder benefits  - benefits with respect to services for substance use disorders, as defined under the terms of the plan and in accordance with applicable Federal and State law.

substantial bodily injury- (A) a temporary but substantial disfigurement; or (B) a temporary but substantial loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member, organ, or mental faculty. substantial bodily injury- (A) deep cuts and serious burns or abrasions;
(B) short-term or nonobvious disfigurement;
(C) fractured or dislocated bones, or torn members of the body; (D) significant physical pain; (E) illness; (F) short-term loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty; or (G) any other significant injury to the body.

  • substantial completion  - the earliest date on which a project is considered to perform the functions for which the project is designed.
  • substantial content  - parts of a college textbook such as new chapters, new material covering additional eras of time, new themes, or new subject matter.
  • substantial evidence  - information sufficient to support the reasonable belief that a particular act or omission has occurred.
  • substantial harm facility  - facility that, because of its location, could reasonably be expected to cause substantial harm to the environment by discharging oil into or on navigable waters or adjoining shorelines.
  • substantial harm to the environment criteria  - total oil storage capacity greater than or equal to 42,000 gallons that transfers oil over water to or from vessels; has a total oil storage capacity greater than or equal to 1 million gallons and meets one of the following conditions; does not have sufficient secondary containment for each aboveground storage area; is located at a distance such that a discharge from the facility could cause injury to fish, wildlife, and sensitive environments; is located at a distance such that a discharge from the facility would shut down a public drinking water intake; or has had, within the past five years, a reportable discharge greater than or equal to 10,000 gallons.
  • substantially as follows or substantially the same as  - that authorization is granted to prepare and utilize a variation of that provision or clause to accommodate requirements that are peculiar to an individual acquisition; provided that the variation includes the salient features of the FAR provision or clause, and is not inconsistent with the intent, principle, and substance of the FAR provision or

  892   clause or related coverage of the subject matter.

  • substantially damaged structure  - a structure covered by a contract for flood insurance that has incurred damage for which the cost of repair exceeds an amount specified in any regulation promulgated by the Administrator, or by a community ordinance, whichever is lower.
  • subsurface improvised explosive device emplacement  - improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced under the surface or below the intended target, i.e. buried, in a culvert, underwater.
  • subsystem  - a functional grouping of items that combine to perform a major function within an end item, such as electrical power, attitude control, and propulsion.
  • subsystem  - grouping of items that perform a set of functions within a particular end product
  • subterminal facility  - any facility that is located in the area of production or consumption of agricultural commodities or any major storage or major export point for such commodities and is located at a place that conveniently serves the needs of producers, purchasers, and consumers of bulk agricultural commodities, and is — (A) used for the transient storage of bulk agricultural commodities and may include equipment or structures necessary for the transportation, upgrading, receiving, drying, or loading out of such commodities; or (B) any rail siding, loading, or unloading facility that can accommodate unit railroad trains or multiple car trains and other appropriate transportation modes designed for the transport of bulk agricultural commodities and production materials.
  • subversion  - Actions designed to undermine the military, economic, psychological, or political strength or morale of a governing authority. See also unconventional warfare.
  • successful resolution  - when used with respect to any judicial or administrative action brought by the Commission under this chapter, includes any settlement of such action.
  • succession  - The devolution of title to property under the law of descent and distribution, by will or inheritance (as opposed to by sale).
  • suffocating  - intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly impeding the normal breathing of a person by covering the mouth of the person, the nose of the person, or both, regardless of whether that conduct results in any visible injury or whether there is any intent to kill or protractedly injure the victim.
  • suicide improvised explosive device employment  - improvised explosive device (IED) initiated by an insurgent/ terrorist at a time of his/ her choosing in which the operator intentionally kills himself/ herself as part of the attack, or to deny his/ her capture.
  • suicide vehicle-borne improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) explosive intentionally initiated by the vehicle’s occupant, or by secondary RC switch.
  • suitability  - Determinations based on an individuals character or conduct that may impact the efficiency of the service by jeopardizing an agency’s accomplishment of its duties or responsibilities, or by interfering with or preventing effective service in the competitive, excepted or SES position applied for or employed in, and determinations that there is a statutory or regulatory bar to employment.
  • suitability employment  - determination based on a person's identifiable character traits and conduct sufficient to decide whether an person’s employment or continued employment would or would not protect the integrity or promote the efficiency of the service.

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  • suitability determination employment  - decision by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) or an agency with delegated investigative authority, such as DHS, that an individual is suitable or not suitable for employment in covered positions in the Federal Government.
  • suitable employment  - work of a substantially equal or higher skill level than the worker's past adversely affected employment, and wages for such work at not less than 80 percent of the worker's average weekly wage.
  • sulfur hexafluoride  - colorless gas soluble in alcohol or ether and slightly soluble in water.
  • summons  - A document by which a party is summoned to answer a complaint filed with a court.
  • Sunday work  - Nonovertime work performed by an employee during a regularly scheduled daily tour of duty when any part of that daily tour of duty is on a Sunday. For any such tour of duty, not more than 8 hours of work are Sunday work, unless the employee is on a compressed work schedule, in which case the entire regularly scheduled daily tour of duty constitutes Sunday work.
  • sunk cost  - A cost incurred in the past that will not be affected by any present or future decision. Sunk costs should be ignored in determining whether a new investment is worthwhile.
  • sunken military craft  - all or any portion of — (A) any sunken warship, naval auxiliary, or other vessel that was owned or operated by a government on military noncommercial service when it sank; (B) any sunken military aircraft or military spacecraft that was owned or operated by a government when it sank; and (C) the associated contents of a craft referred to in subparagraph (A) or (B),if title thereto has not been abandoned or transferred by the government concerned.
  • sun-synchronous orbit  - An orbit in which the satellite’s orbital plane is at a fixed orientation to the sun, i.e., the orbit precesses about the earth at the same rate that the earth orbits the sun.
  • supercargo  - Personnel that accompany cargo on board a ship for the purpose of accomplishing en route maintenance and security.
  • superior commissioned officer  - a commissioned officer superior in rank or command.
  • superior qualifications  - The individual brings unusually high, unique or superior qualifications, particularly suited to the position in comparison with other qualified individuals. In addition, the individual would be losing salary and/ or benefits if employed at the first step of the grade.
  • supervisor  - A manager (e.g., oversight manager, task manager, project leader, team leader, etc.), contract officer representative (COR), or any other person who has the authority to assign official duties and/ or work assignments to the workforce members. Supervisors are also workforce members.
  • supervisor  - an individual employed by an agency having authority in the interest of the agency to hire, direct, assign, promote, reward, transfer, furlough, layoff, recall, suspend, discipline or remove employees, to adjust their grievances, or to effectively recommend such action, if the exercise of the authority is not merely routine or clerical in nature but requires the consistent exercise of independent judgment, except that, with respect to any unit which includes nurses, the term supervisor includes only those individuals who devote a preponderance of their employment time to exercising such authority.

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  • supervisor  - Any employee who either supervises work or serves as the rating or reviewing official.
  • supervisory development training  - training provided to support managerial functions.
  • supplemental agreement  - a contract modification that is accomplished by the mutual action of the parties.
  • supplemental control  - prescribed procedure of systems that provide security control measures designed to augment the physical protection of classified information includes intrusion detection systems, periodic inspections of security containers or areas, and security-in-depth.
  • supplemental health services  - any health service which is not included as a basic health service. If a health service provided by a physician may also be provided under applicable State law by a dentist, optometrist, podiatrist, psychologist, or other health care personnel, a health maintenance organization may provide such service through an optometrist, dentist, podiatrist, psychologist, or other health care personnel (as the case may be) licensed to provide such service.
  • supplemental material  - educational material developed to accompany a college textbook that — (A ) may include printed materials, computer disks, website access, and electronically distributed materials; and (B) is not being used as a component of an integrated textbook.
  • supplementary safety measure  - a safety system or procedure, provided by the appropriate traffic control authority or law enforcement authority responsible for safety at the highway-rail grade crossing, that is determined by the Secretary to be an effective substitute for the locomotive horn in the prevention of highway-rail casualties. A traffic control arrangement that prevents careless movement over the crossing (e.g., as where adequate median barriers prevent movement around crossing gates extending over the full width of the lanes in the particular direction of travel), and that conforms to standards prescribed by the Secretary, shall be deemed to constitute a supplementary safety measure. The following do not, individually or in combination, constitute supplementary safety measures: standard traffic control devices or arrangements such as reflectorized crossbucks, stop signs, flashing lights, flashing lights with gates that do not completely block travel over the line of railroad, or traffic signals.
  • supplier  - a firm that produces and supplies directly to another firm component parts for articles, or services, used in the production of articles or in the supply of services, as the case may be, that were the basis for a certification of eligibility of a group of workers employed by such other firm.
  • supplies  - All personal property excluding equipment, intangible property, and debt instruments, and inventions of a contractor conceived or first actually reduced to practice in the performance of work under a funding agreement (subject inventions), Rights to Inventions Made by Nonprofit Organizations and Small Business Firms Under Government Grants, Contracts, and Cooperative Agreements.
  • supplies  - all personal property excluding equipment, intangible property, and debt instruments, and inventions of a contractor conceived or first actually reduced to practice in the performance of work under a funding agreement (subject inventions), Rights to Inventions Made by Nonprofit Organizations and Small Business Firms Under Government Grants, Contracts, and Cooperative Agreements.
  • supplies  - all property except land or interest in land. It includes (but is not limited to) public works, buildings, and facilities; ships, floating equipment, and vessels of every character, type, and description, together with parts and accessories; aircraft and aircraft parts, accessories, and

  895 equipment; machine tools; and the alteration or installation of any of the foregoing.

  • supplies  - In logistics, all materiel and items used in the equipment, support, and maintenance of military forces. See also component; equipment.
  • supplies  - material, equipment, and stores of all kinds.
  • supply  — The procurement, distribution, maintenance while in storage, and salvage of supplies, including the determination of kind and quantity of supplies. a. producer phase—That phase of military supply that extends from determination of procurement schedules to acceptance of finished supplies by the Services. b. consumer phase—That phase of military supply that extends from receipt of finished supplies by the Services through issue for use or consumption.
  • supply chain  - a linked set of resources and processes between multiple tiers of developers that begins with the sourcing of products and services and extends through the design, development, manufacturing, processing, handling, and delivery of products and services to the acquirer.
  • supply chain  - Linked set of resources and processes between multiple tiers of developers that begin with the sourcing of products and services and extends through the design, development, manufacturing, processing, handling, and delivery of products and services to the acquirer.
  • supply chain  - manufacturer, wholesaler, repacker, own-labeled.
  • supply chain  — The linked activities associated with providing materiel from a raw materiel stage to an end user as a finished product. See also supply; supply chain management.
  • supply chain  - The series of events that must occur in order for supplies, services, or other property to reach customers.
  • supply chain management  — A cross-functional approach to procuring, producing, and delivering products and services to customers. See also supply; supply chain.
  • supply chain management  - The process of ensuring that customers obtain efficiently the supplies, equipment, or services needed to conduct business in a timely manner.
  • supply chain risk  - risks that arise from the loss of confidentiality, integrity, or availability of information or information systems and reflect the potential adverse impacts to organizational operations (including mission, functions, image, or reputation), organizational assets, individuals, other organizations, and the Nation.
  • supply chain risk management  - the process of identifying, assessing, and mitigating the risks associated with the global and distributed nature of information and communications technology product and service supply chains.
  • supply support  - process conducted to determine, acquire, catalog, receive, store, transfer, issue, and dispose of secondary items necessary for the support of end items and support items includes provisioning for initial support as well as replenishment supply support.
  • supply support activity  — Activities assigned a Department of Defense activity address code and that have a supply support mission. Also called SSA.
  • support  - 1. The action of a force that aids, protects, complements, or sustains another force in accordance with a directive requiring such action. 2. A unit that helps another unit in battle. 3. An

  896   element of a command that assists, protects, or supplies other forces in combat. See also close support; direct support; general support; inter-Service support; mutual support. JP 1 )

  • support  - assistance of any kind, including financial support, transfer of property or other material support, services, intelligence sharing, law enforcement cooperation, the training or detail of personnel, and the arrest or detention of individuals.
  • support agency  - See Emergency Support Function (ESF) Support Agency.
  • support annexes  - Describe how Federal departments and agencies, the private sector, volunteer organizations, and nongovernmental organizations coordinate and execute the common support processes and administrative tasks required during an incident. The actions described in the Support Annexes are not limited to particular types of events, but are overarching in nature and applicable to nearly every type of incident.
  • support equipment  - equipment (mobile or fixed) required to support an acquisition’s operation and maintenance includes associated multi-use support items, ground-handling and maintenance equipment, tools, meteorology and calibration equipment, and manual/ Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) - for these items, the acquisition of their integrated logistics support (ILS) is also included.
  • support group  - group of persons representing specific areas of expertise responsible for providing assistance and solutions.
  • support services  - services related to curriculum modification, equipment modification, classroom modification, supportive personnel, and instructional aids and devices.
  • support system  - An interconnected set of information resources under the same direct management control and sharing common functionality.
  • support to prosecution  - process of associating related people, places, devices, or equipment to an individual for evidentiary purposes in a recognized court of law.
  • supportability system  - program design characteristic, influenced by factors such as reliability and maintainability, which defines a system’s ability to be sustained in an operating environment with adequate availability of required support elements includes design, technical support data, and maintenance procedures to facilitate detection, isolation, and timely repair and/ or replacement of system anomalies. This includes factors such as diagnostics, prognostics, real time maintenance data collection, and human system integration considerations.
  • supportability and sustainment planning  - process for the determination of the type and level of activity required to maintain the capability of an acquisition throughout its life-cycle includes the following elements: programming and budgeting, design for supportability, maintenance planning, staffing, personnel and training, supply support, support equipment, technical data, facilities, packaging, handling, storage and transportation, computer resources, deployment and fielding, post production support, reliability improvements, and retirement and disposal.
  • supported commander  - 1. The commander having primary responsibility for all aspects of a task assigned by the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan or other joint operation planning authority. 2. In the context of joint operation planning, the commander who prepares operation plans or operation orders in response to requirements of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. 3. In the context of a support command relationship, the commander who receives assistance from another commander’s force or capabilities, and who is responsible for ensuring that the supporting commander understands the assistance required. See also support; supporting commander.

  897

  • supported employment services  - ongoing support services, including customized employment, needed to support and maintain an individual with a most significant disability in supported employment, that—(A) are provided singly or in combination and are organized and made available in such a way as to assist an eligible individual to achieve competitive integrated employment; (B) are based on a determination of the needs of an eligible individual, as specified in an individualized plan for employment; and (C) are provided by the designated State unit for a period of not more than 24 months, except that period may be extended, if necessary, in order to achieve the employment outcome identified in the individualized plan for employment.
  • supported unit  - As related to contracted support, a supported unit is the organization that is the recipient, but not necessarily the requester of, contractor-provided support. See also requiring activity.
  • supporting a diplomatic or consular mission  - performing outside the United States under a contract administered by Federal agency personnel who are subject to the direction of a Chief of Mission.
  • supporting arms  - Weapons and weapons systems of all types employed to support forces by indirect or direct fire.
  • supporting arms coordination center  — A single location on board an amphibious warfare command ship in which all communication facilities incident to the coordination of fire support of the artillery, air, and naval gunfire are centralized. Also called SACC. See also fire support coordination center.
  • supporting commander  — 1. A commander who provides augmentation forces or other support to a supported commander or who develops a supporting plan. 2. In the context of a support command relationship, the commander who aids, protects, complements, or sustains another commander’s force, and who is responsible for providing the assistance required by the supported commander.
  • supporting fire  - Fire delivered by supporting units to assist or protect a unit in combat.
  • supporting indicator  - Performance measures other than the key indicators that are also used, as needed, to track progress toward achieving a strategic objective. These measures are typically output, leading or contextual performance indicators that are related to the outcome targeted in the objective. The Department currently measures these indicators.
  • supporting operations  - In amphibious operations, those operations conducted by forces other than those conducted by the amphibious force. See also amphibious force; amphibious operation.
  • supporting plan  - An operation plan prepared by a supporting commander, a subordinate commander, or an agency to satisfy the requests or requirements of the supported commander’s plan. See also supported commander; supporting commander.
  • supportive housing  - housing that engages tenants in on-site and community-based support services for veterans or their families that are at risk of homelessness or are homeless. Such term may include the following: (A) Transitional housing. (B) Single-room occupancy.
(C) Permanent housing.
(D) Congregate living housing. (E) Independent living housing. (F) Assisted living housing. (G) Other modalities of housing.
  • supportive services  - services such as transportation, child care, dependent care, housing, and needs- related payments, that are necessary to enable an individual to participate in activities authorized under this Act.
  • suppression  - Temporary or transient degradation by an opposing force of the performance of a

  898   weapons system below the level needed to fulfill its mission objectives. JP 3‐01 )

  • suppression of enemy air defenses  - Activity that neutralizes, destroys, or temporarily degrades surface-based enemy air defenses by destructive and/ or disruptive means. Also called SEAD. See also electromagnetic spectrum; electronic warfare.
  • surety  - an individual or corporation legally liable for the debt, default, or failure of a principal to satisfy a contractual obligation. The types of sureties referred to are as follows: (1) An individual surety is one person, as distinguished from a business entity, who is liable for the entire penal amount of the bond. (2) A corporate surety is licensed under various insurance laws and, under its charter, has legal power to act as surety for others. (3) A cosurety is one of two or more sureties that are jointly liable for the penal sum of the bond. A limit of liability for each surety may be stated.
  • surety consideration risk  - risk associated with the loss/ misuse of data or information includes; risk of technical problems/ failures with applications; risk associated with the security/ vulnerability of systems.
  • surf line  - The point offshore where waves and swells are affected by the underwater surface and become breakers.
  • surf zone  - The area of water from the surf line to the beach. See also surf line.
  • surface action group  - A temporary or standing organization of combatant ships, other than carriers, tailored for a specific tactical mission. Also called SAG.
  • surface combatant  - A ship constructed and armed for combat use with the capability to conduct operations in multiple maritime roles against air, surface and subsurface threats, and land targets.
  • surface improvised explosive device emplacement  - improvised explosive device (IED) emplaced directly on the ground.
  • surface transportation  - any conveyance of people, goods, or commodities using one or more surface transportation modes.
  • surface transportation modes  - mass transit, commuter and long-distance passenger rail, freight rail, commercial vehicles (including intercity buses), and pipelines, and related infrastructure (including roads and highways), that are within the territory of the United States, but does not include electric grids.
  • surface warfare  - That portion of maritime warfare in which operations are conducted to destroy or neutralize enemy naval surface forces and merchant vessels. Also called SUW.
  • surface-to-air missile site  - A plot of ground prepared in such a manner that it will readily accept the hardware used in surface-to-air missile system.
  • surge  - a significant increase in imports over the trend for a recent representative base period.
  • surge  - to increase the amount of or degree of
  • surge capacity  - the ability to rapidly and substantially increase the provision of search and rescue capabilities, food, water, medicine, shelter and housing, medical care, evacuation capacity, staffing (including disaster assistance employees), and other resources necessary to save lives and protect

  899 property during a catastrophic incident.

  • surplus  - with respect to a fiscal year, the amount by which receipts exceeds 2 outlays during that year.
  • surplus agricultural commodity  - any agricultural commodity or product thereof, class, kind, type, or other specification thereof, produced in the United States either publicly or privately owned, which is in excess of domestic requirements, adequate carryover, and anticipated exports for United States dollars, as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture.
  • surplus employee  - A current agency employee serving under an appointment in the competitive service, in tenure group 1 or 2 at grade levels GS-15 or equivalent and below, who has received a certification of expected separation or other official certification issued by the agency indicating that the position is surplus. For example - A notice of position abolishment, or a notice stating that the employee is eligible for discontinued service retirement; or A current Executive Branch agency employee serving on an excepted service appointment without time limit, at grade levels GS-15 or equivalent and below; who has been issued a certificate of expected separation or other official agency certification, indicating that his or her position is surplus. For example - A notice of position abolishment or a notice stating that the employee is eligible for discontinued service retirement, and who has been conferred noncompetitive appointment eligibility, and special selection priority by statute for positions in the competitive service; and, at an agency’s discretion, a current Executive Branch employee serving on a Schedule A or B excepted appointment without time limit, at grade levels GS-15 or equivalent and below, and who is in receipt of a certificate of expected separation or other official agency certification indicating that his or her job is surplus. For example - o A notice of position abolishment, or o An official notice stating that the employee is eligible for discontinued service retirement; or o An employee who has received a RIF notice of separation, or o A notice of proposed removal for declining a transfer of function or directed reassignment outside of the local commuting area.
  • surplus property  - excess personal property not required by any Federal agency as determined by the Administrator of the General Services Administration (GSA).
  • surreptitious entry  - unauthorized entry into a facility or security container in a manner in which evidence of such entry is not discernable under normal circumstances.
  • surveillance  - systematic observation or monitoring of areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.
  • surveillance  - The systematic observation of aerospace, surface, or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.
  • survivability  - All aspects of protecting personnel, weapons, and supplies while simultaneously deceiving the enemy.
  • survivability system  - capability of a system or organization to withstand a disaster or hostile environment, without significant impairment of its normal operations includes those efforts that, to the maximum feasible extent, minimize personnel and equipment exposure to potential dangerous natural, hostile or non-hostile actions through consideration and evaluation of each achievable approach, option and/ or mitigation.
  • survival, evasion, resistance, and escape  - Actions performed by isolated personnel designed to ensure their health, mobility, safety, and honor in anticipation of or preparation for their return to friendly control. Also called SERE.
  • survival, evasion, resistance, and escape debriefing  - an interview conducted with a person who is

  900   returned to United States control in order to record the person's experiences while surviving, evading, resisting interrogation or exploitation, or escaping. US Code 10, §1513 )

  • surviving parent  - a. the child’s living parent when the child’s other parent is dead, and the child has not acquired another parent. b. In the context of orphan adoption cases, a surviving parent is defined as a child’s living parent when the child’s other parent is dead, and the child has not acquired another parent (i.e., a stepparent per definition in INA.
  • surviving spouse  - a person who was the spouse of a veteran at the time of the veteran's death, and who lived with the veteran continuously from the date of marriage to the date of the veteran's death (except where there was a separation which was due to the misconduct of, or procured by, the veteran without the fault of the spouse) and who has not remarried or (in cases not involving remarriage) has not since the death of the veteran, and after September 19, 1962, lived with another person and held himself or herself out openly to the public to be the spouse of such other person.
  • surviving spouse  - the surviving wife or husband of a participant or retired participant who (i) was married to the participant or retired participant for at least 9 months immediately preceding the participant's or retired participant's death, or (ii) who is the parent of a child born of the marriage.
  • survivor  - in the case of a veteran or member of the Armed Forces who dies, the surviving spouse or surviving dependent child of the veteran or member.
  • survivor benefit  - any monetary, health-care, educational, or other benefit paid, payable, or otherwise provided to survivors of veterans and survivors of members of the Armed Forces under the following: (A) Laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; (B) Laws administered by the Secretary of Defense; or (C) The Social Security Act.
  • suspect  - 1. In counterdrug operations, a track of interest where correlating information actually ties the track of interest to alleged illegal drug operations. See also counterdrug operations; track of interest. 2. An identity applied to a track that is potentially hostile because of its characteristics, behavior, origin, or nationality. See also assumed friend; neutral; unknown.
  • suspected device surveillance  - device that appears to be, but has not yet been shown to be, a technical surveillance device.
  • suspected duplicate  - A term used to describe a telegram that may have been transmitted previously. Also called dupe.
  • suspected terrorist organization  - organization that is reasonably suspected to be, or has been engaged in conduct constituting, in preparation for, in aid of, or related to terrorism or terrorist activity based on articulable and reasonable suspicion.
  • suspected terrorist  - person that is reasonably suspected to be, or has been engaged in conduct constituting, in preparation for, in aid of, or related to terrorism or terrorist activity based on articulable and reasonable suspicion.
  • suspend  - to disqualify, pursuant to established administrative procedures, from Government contracting and subcontracting for a temporary period of time because a concern or individual is suspected of engaging in criminal, fraudulent, or seriously improper conduct.
  • suspension  - action taken by a suspending official to disqualify a contractor temporarily from Government contracting and Government-approved subcontracting; a contractor that is disqualified is “suspended.”

  901

  • suspension  - an action by a Federal awarding agency that temporarily withdraws Federal sponsorship under an award, pending corrective action by the recipient or pending a decision to terminate the award by the Federal awarding agency. Suspension of an award is a separate action from suspension under Federal agency regulations.
  • suspension  - An action by a Federal awarding agency that temporarily withdraws Federal sponsorship under an award, pending corrective action by the recipient or pending a decision to terminate the award by the Federal-awarding agency. Suspension of an award is a separate action from suspension under Federal agency regulations implementing Executive Orders 12549 and 12689, Debarment and Suspension.
  • suspension  - Placement of an employee in a temporary nonduty and nonpay status for disciplinary reasons.
  • suspension  - The placing of an employee, for disciplinary reasons, in a temporary status without duties or pay.
  • suspension of security clearance  - temporary action in which an individual who had access to classified information is rendered ineligible to continue such access is not considered an adverse action, and it is not appealable.
  • suspensions  - Amounts subtracted from voucher amounts to reflect nonperformance or nonconformance to policy, lack of information, etc. The amount is withheld from the claimant and kept in suspense until the matter is resolved.
  • suspicious activity reporting  - official documentation of observed behavior reasonably indicative of pre- operational planning related to terrorism or other criminal activity.
  • sustain  - to support, supply, and maintain the necessary level and duration of activity to achieve a given objective to maintain operations in the event of an attack, natural disaster, or other type of incident of national significance, either malicious or unintentional; and to provide, on a continual basis, the resources (people, funding, etc.) necessary to build, maintain and employ emergency response capabilities, as well as maintaining civil rights and liberties.
  • sustainability  - creation and maintenance of conditions under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony that permit fulfillment of the social, economic, and other requirements of present and future generations.
  • sustainable  - the ability of a target country, community, implementing partner, or intended beneficiary to maintain, over time, the programs authorized and outcomes achieved pursuant to this chapter.
  • sustainable acquisition  - acquiring goods and services in order to create and maintain conditions — (1 ) Under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony; and (2) That permit fulfilling the social, economic, and other requirements of present and future generations.

sustainable energy infrastructure- (A) facilities for production of energy from renewable energy sources, thermal energy sources, or highly efficient technologies, including combined heat and power or other waste heat use; and (B) district energy systems.

  • sustained yield  - the achievement and maintenance in perpetuity of a high-level annual or regular periodic output of the various renewable resources of the public lands consistent with multiple use.
  • sustainment  - The provision of logistics and personnel services required to maintain and prolong operations until successful mission accomplishment.

  902  

  • sustainment system  - program design characteristic that consists of those planned support resources, system design characteristics’ capabilities and activities required to maintain fielded systems at intended levels of performance and meet contingency usage requirements is a function of providing for and maintaining those levels of ready forces and materiel necessary to support the mission and encompasses efforts to field, in a cost effective manner, a support program meeting operational support performance requirements by sustaining the system to a level consistent with operational tempo and duration; may include such items as supply chain management, sustaining engineering, data management, anti-tamper provisions and interoperability functions.
  • sustainment, restoration, and modernization  - The fuels asset sustainment program within Defense Logistics Agency Energy that provides a long-term process to cost-effectively sustain, restore, and modernize fuel facilities. Also called SRM.
  • swap data repository  - any person that collects and maintains information or records with respect to transactions or positions in, or the terms and conditions of, swaps entered into by third parties for the purpose of providing a centralized recordkeeping facility for swaps.
  • swap dealer  - any person who — (i) holds itself out as a dealer in swaps; (ii) makes a market in swaps;
  • swap execution facility  - a trading system or platform in which multiple participants have the ability to execute or trade swaps by accepting bids and offers made by multiple participants in the facility or system, through any means of interstate commerce, including any trading facility, that—(A) facilitates the execution of swaps between persons; and (B) is not a designated contract market.
  • swine  - a porcine animal raised to be a feeder pig, raised for seed stock, or raised for slaughter.
  • swine contractor  — any person engaged in the business of obtaining swine under a swine production contract for the purpose of slaughtering the swine or selling the swine for slaughter, if — (A) the swine is obtained by the person in commerce; or (B) the swine (including products from the swine) obtained by the person is sold or shipped in commerce.
  • swine or pork market formula purchase  - a purchase of swine by a packer in which the pricing mechanism is a formula price based on a market for swine, pork, or a pork product, other than a future or option for swine, pork, or a pork product.
  • swine production contract grower  - any person engaged in the business of raising and caring for swine in accordance with the instructions of another person.

swine production contract—any grow out contract or other arrangement under which a swine production contract grower raises and cares for the swine in accordance with the instructions of another person.

  • switch  - device for making, breaking, or changing a connection.
  • switching  - the routing of an interstate transaction that consists of transmitting the details of a transaction electronically recorded through the use of an electronic benefit transfer card in 1 State to the issuer of the card that is in another State.

  903

  • synchronization  - 1. The arrangement of military actions in time, space, and purpose to produce maximum relative combat power at a decisive place and time. 2. In the intelligence context, application of intelligence sources and methods in concert with the operation plan to answer intelligence requirements in time to influence the decisions they support.
  • synthesis  - In intelligence usage, the examining and combining of processed information with other information and intelligence for final interpretation.
  • system  — A functionally, physically, and/ or behaviorally related group of regularly interacting or interdependent elements; that group of elements forming a unified whole.
  • system  - aggregation of end products enabling products to achieve a given purpose includes any combination of facilities, equipment, personnel, processes, procedures, programs, and communications integrated for a specific purpose.
  • System Access  - Ability and means to communicate with or otherwise interact with a system use system resources to handle information, gain knowledge of the information the system contains, or control system components and functions.
  • system accreditation  - The official authorization granted to an information system to process sensitive information in its operational environment based on a comprehensive security evaluation of the systems hardware, firmware, software security design, configuration and implementation, and other system procedural, administrative, physical, TEMPEST, personnel, and communications security controls.
  • System and Communications Protection  - Organizations must- (1) Monitor, control, and protect organizational communications (i.e., information transmitted or received by organizational information systems) at the external boundaries and key internal boundaries of the information systems; and (2) Employ architectural designs, software development techniques, and systems engineering principles that promote effective information security within organizational information systems. Also called SC.
  • System and Information Integrity  - Organizations must- (1) Identify, report, and correct information and information system flaws in a timely manner; (2) Provide protection from malicious code at appropriate locations within organizational information systems; and (3) Monitor information system security alerts and advisories and take appropriate actions in response. Also called SI.
  • System and Services Acquisition  - Organizations must- (1) Allocate sufficient resources to adequately protect organizational information systems; (2) Employ system development life cycle processes that incorporate information security considerations;(3) Employ software usage and installation restrictions; and (4) Ensure that third-party providers employ adequate security measures to protect information, applications, and/ or services outsourced from the organization. Also called SA.
  • System Authorization Plan  - A Also called comprehensive and uniform approach to the System Authorization Process that is comprised of four phases - Phase 1 Precertification; Phase 2 Certification; Phase 3 Authorization; and Phase 4 Post-Authorization SAP.
  • system certification  - The technical evaluation of a systems security features that established the extent to which a particular information systems design and implementation meets a set of specified security requirements.
  • System for Award Management  - the primary Government repository for prospective Federal awardee and Federal awardee information and the centralized Government system for certain contracting, grants, and other assistance- related processes. It includes — (1) Data collected from prospective Federal awardees required for the conduct of business with the Government; (2) Prospective

  904   contractor-submitted annual representations and certifications in accordance with FAR; and (3) Identification of those parties excluded from receiving Federal contracts, certain subcontracts, and certain types of Federal financial and non-financial assistance and benefits. Also called SAM.

  • system high mode  - An AIS is operating in the system high mode when each user with direct or indirect access to the AIS, its peripherals, remote terminals, or remote hosts has all of the following- (1) A valid personnel clearance for all information on the AIS; (2) Formal access approval for, and has signed nondisclosure agreements for all the information stored and/ or processed; and (3) A valid need to know for some of the information contained within the AIS.
  • System Manager  - individual identified in a System of Records Notice who is responsible for the operation and management of the system of records to which the System of Records Notice pertains.
  • system of record  - group of any records under the control of any agency from which information is retrieved by the name of the individual or by some identifying number, symbol, or other identifying particular assigned to the individual.
  • System of Records  - A group of any records (as defined by the Privacy Act) under the control of any Federal agency from which information is retrieved by the name of the individual or by some identifying number, symbol, or other identifier assigned to the individual.
  • System of Records Notice  - A formal notice to the public published in the Federal Register that identifies the purpose for which PII is collected, from whom and what type of PII is collected, how the PII is shared externally (routine uses), and how to access and correct any PII maintained by the Department. Also called SORN.
  • system of records notice  - statement providing to the public notice of the existence and character of a group of any records under the control of any agency from which information is retrieved by the name of the person or by some identifying number, symbol, or other identifying particular assigned to the person.
  • system of records notice  - the notice(s) published by an agency in the Federal Register upon the establishment and/ or modification of a system of records describing the existence and character of the system. A SORN identifies the system of records, the purpose(s) of the system, the authority for maintenance of the records, the categories of records maintained in the system, the categories of individuals about whom records are maintained, the routine uses to which the records are subject, and additional details about the system. A SORN may be comprised of a single Federal Register notice addressing all of the required elements that describe the current system of records, or it may be comprised of multiple Federal Register notices that together address all of the required elements. Also called SORN.
  • system of systems  - composite system comprised itself of systems that are closely coupled and all contribute to a common set of goals, objectives, and performance measures.
  • system owner  - Person or organization having responsibility for the development, procurement, integration, modification, operation and maintenance, and/ or final disposition of an information or application system.
  • system owner  - The Bureau Executive is the owner of locally developed systems. At the post level the Deputy Chief of Mission (DCM) may assume this responsibility. They are responsible for the IT system for the entire system lifecycle. The System Owner is concerned with cost, schedule, and performance issues for the system as well as security issues and represents the interests of the user community and the IT system throughout the system lifecycle.

  905

  • system pilot  - process-related system staged in the operational environment prior to system implementation for the purpose of evaluating operational concepts.
  • system record  - group of records under the control of any agency from which information is retrieved by the name of the person or by an person identifier.
  • system requirement  - requirement derived from one or more functional requirements and stated in technical terms.
  • system security plan  - A plan used in the system authorization process to document a systems security controls as identified in the system baseline and to verify each control as implemented, partially implemented, or not applicable.
  • system security plan  - Formal document that provides an overview of the security requirements for the information system and describes the security controls in place or planned for meeting those requirements.
  • system testing  - testing conducted on a complete, integrated system to evaluate the system’s compliance with its specified requirements.
  • systematic declassification review  - the review for declassification of classified information contained in records that have been determined by the Archivist to have permanent historical value in accordance with title 44, United States Code.
  • systems analysis  - management planning technique that applies scientific methods of many disciplines to major problems or decisions.
  • systems assurance  - Ensuring availability, currency, and responsiveness over the system life cycle, it incorporates the disciplines of- (1) Change management; (2) Quality assurance; (3) Configuration management; and (4) Disaster recovery and contingency planning.
  • systems engineering  - interdisciplinary approach governing the total technical and managerial effort required to transform customer needs, expectations, and constraints into a product solution and support that solution throughout the product’s life includes the definition of technical performance measures, the integration of engineering specialties towards the establishment of a product architecture, and the definition of life-cycle processes that balance cost, performance, and schedule objectives.
  • systems engineering life cycle  - guiding framework that provides a vocabulary, order, and description of the activities enabling efficient and effective delivery of capability to users.
  • systems integrity  - Systems integrity applies and provides resources and procedures to prevent unauthorized access to Department information and to ensure data integrity.
  • systems reliability risk  - risk associated with vulnerability/ integrity of systems.
  • systems security engineering  - a specialty engineering discipline of systems engineering. It applies scientific, mathematical, engineering, and measurement concepts, principles, and methods to deliver, consistent with defined constraints and necessary trade-offs, a trustworthy asset protection capability that satisfies stakeholder requirements; is seamlessly integrated into the delivered system; and presents residual risk that is deemed acceptable and manageable to stakeholders.
  • systems support contract  - A prearranged contract awarded by a Service acquisition program management office that provides technical support, maintenance and, in some cases, repair parts for

  906   selected military weapon and support systems. See also external support contract; theater support contract. JP 4‐10 )

  • systems thinking  - discipline for seeing wholes via a frame-work for seeing interrelationships rather than things, for seeing patterns of change rather than static ‘snapshots’.
  • system-specific control  - a security or privacy control for an information system that is implemented at the system level and is not inherited by any other information system.
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