Dictionary-of-government-F

From WikiMD

  • fabric  - any material woven, knitted, felted, or otherwise produced from, or in combination with, any natural or manufactured fiber, yarn, or substitute therefor.
  • facially deficient  - a site security plan that does not support a certification that the security measures in the plan address the security vulnerability assessment and the risk-based performance standards for security for the facility, based on a review of — (A) the facility's site security plan;
(B) the facility's Top-Screen;
(C) the facility's security vulnerability assessment; or (D) any other information that — (i) the facility submits to the Department; or
(ii) the Department obtains from a public source or other source.
  • facilitated self- instruction training  - method whereby learners complete self-paced instructional materials (paper-based or electronic-based) in a classroom environmental instructor introduces the materials at the beginning of the class or module, answers questions, and conducts a review at the end.
  • facilitator extremism, terrorism  - group or person who knowingly provide one or more of a wide array of services to other operatives that enable the execution of terrorist plots, training, travel, or financing includes setting up bank accounts, acquiring or producing false identification or travel documentation, aiding travel, disbursing funds, procuring materials, or enabling communications via electronic means or couriers.
  • facilities  - depreciation and use allowances, interest on debt associated with certain buildings, equipment and capital improvements, operation and maintenance expenses, and library expenses.
  • facilities  - includes all types of buildings, structures, or other improvements to real property (but excluding farms, churches or other places of worship, and private dwelling houses), and services relating to the use of any such building, structure, or other improvement.
  • facilities capital cost of money  - “cost of money as an element of the cost of facilities capital”.
  • facility  - a building, structure, or other improvement to real property.
  • facility  - a hospital, outpatient department, clinic, radiology practice, or mobile unit, an office of a physician, or other facility as determined by the Secretary, that conducts breast cancer screening or

  336   diagnosis through mammography activities. Such term does not include a facility of the Department of Veterans Affairs. §263b )

  • facility  - A real property entity consisting of one or more of the following: a building, a structure, a utility system, pavement, and underlying land.
  • facility  - place in a building, building, installation, structure, land, and other real property and any fixture or equipment necessary to do something may be owned or operated by, or constructed or manufactured and leased to an entity.
  • facility condition assessment  - process of a qualified group of trained industry professionals performing an analysis of the condition of a group of facilities that may vary in terms of age, design, construction methods, and materials.
  • Facility Emergency Action Plan  - A building-specific emergency action plan used to describe actions taken, across a wide range of domestic emergencies, to ensure the safety of Department personnel and visitors, and to protect property in buildings where the Department occupies space. (A FEAP is sometimes known as an OEP. See the term Occupant Emergency Plan (OEP).) Also called FEAP.
  • facility for long-term care  - a facility (including a skilled nursing or intermediate care facility) providing in-patient care for convalescent or chronic disease patients who required skilled nursing or intermediate care and related medical services — (A) which is a hospital (other than a hospital primarily for the care and treatment of mentally ill or tuberculosis patients) or is operated in connection with a hospital, or (B) in which such care and medical services are prescribed by, or are performed under the general direction of, persons licensed to practice medicine or surgery in the State.
  • facility for long-term care  - a facility (including an extended care facility) providing in-patient care for convalescent or chronic disease patients who require skilled nursing care and related medical services — (1) which is a hospital (other than a hospital primarily for the care and treatment of mentally ill or tuberculosis patients) or is operated in connection with a hospital, or (2) in which such nursing care and medical services are prescribed by, or are performed under the general direction of, persons licensed to practice medicine or surgery in the State.
  • facility response plan oil discharge  - plan for responding, to the maximum extent practicable, to a worse-case discharge, and to a substantial threat of such a discharge, of oil.
  • facility security level  - categorization based on the analysis of several security-related facility factors, which serves as the basis for the implementation of physical security measures specified in ISC standards.
  • facility substitutes  - Items such as tents and prepackaged structures requisitioned through the supply system that may be used to substitute for constructed facilities.
  • facility that is subject to a routine inspection  - a declared facility, as defined in the Annex on Implementation and Verification of the Convention.
  • facsimile  - an exact copy of a document by electronic transmission.
  • Factor Evaluation System  - A classification system for non-supervisory general schedule (GS) positions under which the duties assigned to a position are described and evaluated in terms of nine job- related factors, established by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), using a specified point- rating system. Also called FES.

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  • factory  - any factory, workshop, engine works, building used for manufacture, assembling, construction, or any process, and any shipyard or dockyard.
  • failure  - condition of not achieving desired end of functioning or performance.
  • failure to enroll  - the inability of an individual to enroll in a biometric identifier system due to an insufficiently distinctive biometric sample, the lack of a body part necessary to provide the biometric sample, a system design that makes it difficult to provide consistent biometric identifier information, or other factors.
  • fair  - any fair, exhibition, or exposition designated by the Secretary of Commerce pursuant.
  • fair information practice principles  - policy framework addressing issues of privacy and accuracy regarding the collection, use, maintenance, disclosure, deletion, or destruction of personally identifiable information (PII)adopted by the Department in Directive 047-01, Privacy Policy and Compliance.
  • fair information practice principles  - the eight principles set forth in Appendix A of the National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace.
  • fair-market value  - The best estimate of the gross proceeds if the property were to be sold in a public sale.
  • false advertisement  - an advertisement, other than labeling, which is misleading in a material respect; and in determining whether any advertisement is misleading, there shall be taken into account (among other things) not only representations made or suggested by statement, word, design, device, sound, or any combination thereof, but also the extent to which the advertisement fails to reveal facts material in the light of such representations or material with respect to consequences which may result from the use of the commodity to which the advertisement relates under the conditions prescribed in said advertisement, or under such conditions as are customary or usual. No advertisement of a drug shall be deemed to be false if it is disseminated only to members of the medical profession, contains no false representation of a material fact, and includes, or is accompanied in each instance by truthful disclosure of, the formula showing quantitatively each ingredient of such drug.
  • false alarm  - alarm signal that does not represent a dangerous or unwanted condition, usually caused by some fault or problem in the system.
  • false improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) incident that is incorrectly identified though reported in good faith as an improvised explosive device, subsequently categorized as a false alarm after positive action.
  • false match  - the incorrect matching of one individual's biometric identifier information to another individual's biometric identifier information by a biometric identifier system.
  • false non-match  - the rejection of a valid identity by a biometric identifier system.
  • family caregiver  - a family member who is a caregiver of the veteran.
  • family caregiver  - an unpaid family member, a foster parent, or another unpaid adult, who provides in-

  338   home monitoring, management, supervision, or treatment of a child or adult with a special need.

  • family centered care  - the system of services that is targeted specifically to the special needs of infants, children, women, and families. Family centered care shall be based on a partnership between parents, professionals, and the community designed to ensure an integrated, coordinated, culturally sensitive, and community-based continuum of care for children, women, and families with HIV/ AIDS.
  • family home daycare  - home-based child care services provided for a member of the Coast Guard by an individual who — (A) is certified by the Commandant as qualified to provide home-based child care services; and (B) provides home-based child care services on a regular basis in exchange for monetary compensation.
  • family literacy activities  - activities that are of sufficient intensity and quality, to make sustainable improvements in the economic prospects for a family and that better enable parents or family members to support their children's learning needs, and that integrate all of the following activities: (A) Parent or family adult education and literacy activities that lead to readiness for postsecondary education or training, career advancement, and economic self-sufficiency. (B) Interactive literacy activities between parents or family members and their children. (C) Training for parents or family members regarding how to be the primary teacher for their children and full partners in the education of their children. (D) An age-appropriate education to prepare children for success in school and life experiences.

family member- (i) a spouse, child, grandchild, parent, or sibling; (ii) a spouse of such a child, grandchild, parent, or sibling; or (iii) any individual related by blood or affinity whose close association with a veteran is the equivalent of a family relationship.

  • family member  - an individual who (A) is a member of the family of the veteran, including (i) a parent;

  • family member  - an individual who has any of the following relationships to the employee- (1) Spouse and parents thereof; (2) Sons and daughters and spouses thereof; (3) Parents and spouses thereof; (4) Brothers and sisters and spouses thereof; (5) Grandparents and grandchildren and spouses thereof; (6) Domestic partner and parents thereof, including domestic partners of any individual in subparagraphs (2) through (5) of this definition; and (7) Any individual related by blood or affinity whose close association with the employee is the equivalent of a family relationship.
  • family member  - for purposes of unaccompanied post EVT only, the term includes eligible family members and may include other immediate family (parents/ guardians or siblings, including stepparents or stepsiblings, and nondependent children), regardless of whether such individuals are designated on the employees assignment travel orders.
  • family member  - the following relatives of the employee are - Spouse, and parents thereof; Children, including adopted children, and spouses thereof; Parents; Brothers and sisters, and spouses thereof; and Any individual related by blood or affinity whose close association with the employee is the equivalent of a family relationship.
  • family member appointment  - a type of Foreign Service limited noncareer appointment available only to appointment eligible family members. A family member appointment has a term of more than 1 year but not more than 5 years. Also called FMA.
  • family member appointment  - Department of State Foreign Service limited, noncareer appointment available only to AEFMs, as authorized in the Foreign Service Act of 1980. An FMA may be

  339 extended or renewed for up to 5 years. Also called FMA.

family readiness - the state of being prepared to effectively navigate the challenges of daily living experienced in the unique context of military service, to include: mobility and financial readiness, mobilization and deployment readiness, and personal and family life readiness.

  • family-centered care  - the system of services that is targeted specifically to the special needs of infants, children, women and families. Family-centered care shall be based on a partnership between parents, professionals, and the community designed to ensure an integrated, coordinated, culturally sensitive, and community-based continuum of care for children, women, and families with HIV/ AIDS.  
  • family-friendly policy  - a policy to promote or improve the morale and well being of law enforcement personnel and their families.
  • farm equipment  - equipment, machinery, and repair parts manufactured for use on farms in connection with the production or preparation for market use of food resources.
  • farm insurable commodity  - an agricultural commodity (excluding livestock) for which the producer on a farm is eligible to obtain a policy or plan of insurance under subchapter I.
  • farm labor contracting activity  - recruiting, soliciting, hiring, employing, furnishing, or transporting any migrant or seasonal agricultural worker.
  • farm labor contractor  - any person, other than an agricultural employer, an agricultural association, or an employee of an agricultural employer or agricultural association, who, for any money or other valuable consideration paid or promised to be paid, performs any farm labor contracting activity.
  • farm operation  - any activity conducted solely or primarily for the production of one or more agricultural products or commodities, including timber, for sale or home use, and customarily producing such products or commodities in sufficient quantity to be capable of contributing materially to the operator's support.
  • farmers  - fishermen and other persons employed in cultivating and harvesting food resources from salt and fresh waters.
  • farming operations and practices  - the integration of crops and crop-plant variety selection, rotation practices, tillage systems, soil conserving and soil building practices, nutrient management strategies, biological control and integrated pest management strategies, livestock production and management systems, animal waste management systems, water and energy conservation measures, and health and safety considerations.
  • farm-raised fish  - any aquatic species that is propagated and reared in a controlled environment.
  • farm-raised fish  - any aquatic species that is propagated and reared in a controlled environment.
  • fast-track claim  - an accelerated process for the adjudication and processing of properly submitted claims under $1,000.
  • fatality reports  - investigative reports and any other reports pertaining to the cause or circumstances of death of a member of the Armed Forces in the line of duty (such as autopsy reports, battlefield

  340   reports, and medical reports).

  • fault  - defect or flaw in something.
  • fault tree  - graphical tool used to illustrate the range, probability, and interaction of causal occurrences that lead to a final outcome.
  • feasibility  - the joint operation plan review criterion for assessing whether the assigned mission can be accomplished using available resources within the time contemplated by the plan. See also acceptability; adequacy.
  • feasibility assessment  - a basic target analysis that provides an initial determination of the viability of a proposed target for special operations forces employment. Also called FA.
  • feasibility risk  - risk that a proposed alternative fails to result in the desired technological outcome includes; risk that business goals of the program or initiative will not be achieved; risk that the program effectiveness targeted by the project will not be achieved.
  • FedBizOpps.gov  - The website where the government electronically advertises solicitations or requirements.
  • federal  - Of or pertaining to the Federal Government of the United States of America.
  • Federal Acquisition Regulation  - the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) contains the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). 48 CFR 2.101 is the source for many definition of terms. Also called FAR.
  • Federal agency  - an Executive agency or other agency of the United States, but does not include a member bank of the Federal Reserve System.
  • federal agency  - any agency as defined by Title 5, United States Code.
  • federal agency  - any department, agency, or instrumentality in the executive branch of the Government, any wholly owned Government corporation, the Architect of the Capitol, the Federal Reserve banks and branches thereof, and any person who has the authority to acquire property by eminent domain under Federal law.
  • federal agency  - any establishment in the executive branch of the United States Government.
  • federal agency  - any executive agency or any independent establishment in the legislative or judicial branch of the Government (except the Senate, the House of Representatives, the Architect of the Capitol, and any activities under the Architect’s direction).
  • federal agency  - executive agency or any establishment in the legislative or judicial branch of the government except the Supreme Court, Senate, the House of Representatives, and the Architect of the Capitol and any activities under his direction.
  • federal agency  - has the same meaning as the term agency in title 5, United States Code.
  • federal agency  - the executive departments, the judicial and legislative branches, the military

  341 departments, independent establishments of the United States, and corporations primarily acting as instrumentalities or agencies of the United States, but does not include any contractor with the United States. US Code 28, §2671 )

  • federal agency lender  - a Federal agency that makes direct loans secured by improved real estate or a mobile home, to the extent such agency acts in such capacity.
  • federal assets  - all relevant non-classified civilian coastal and ocean observations, technologies, and related modeling, research, data management, basic and applied technology research and development, and public education and outreach programs, that are managed by member agencies of the Council.
  • Federal Automotive Statistical Tool  - An automated Web-based system co-administered by the General Services Administration (GSA) and the Department of Energy that is utilized by all Federal agencies to report vehicular data. Also called FAST.
  • Federal award  - Federal financial assistance and Federal cost-reimbursement contracts that non- Federal entities receive directly from Federal awarding agencies or indirectly from pass-through entities. It does not include procurement contracts, under grants or contracts, used to buy goods or services from vendors. Any audits of such vendors shall be covered by the terms and conditions of the contract. Contracts to operate Federal Government owned, contractor operated facilities (GOCOs) are excluded from the requirements of this part.
  • federal award  - these are Federal financial assistance and Federal cost-reimbursement contracts that non- Federal entities receive directly from Federal awarding agencies or indirectly from pass-through entities. Federal awards do not include procurement contracts, under grants or contracts, nor can they be used to buy goods or services from vendors. Any audits of such vendors shall be covered by the terms and conditions of the contract. Contracts to operate U.S. Government owned, contractor operated facilities (GOCOs) are excluded from the requirements of this part.
  • Federal awarding agency  - the Federal agency that provides an award directly to the recipient.
  • federal awarding agency  - the Federal agency that provides an award to the recipient.
  • federal banking agencies  - the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
  • federal building  - a building or portion of a building leased or rented by a Federal agency, and includes buildings on military installations of the United States.
  • federal building  - building owned, leased, or otherwise managed by the Federal Government both within and outside the United States.
  • federal building energy standards  - energy consumption objectives to be met without specification of the methods, materials, or equipment to be employed in achieving those objectives, but including statements of the requirements, criteria, and evaluation methods to be used, and any necessary commentary.
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation Network  - classified network runs by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) that facilitates information sharing for fusion centers.

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  • Federal Business Opportunities (FedBizOpps)  - The single point where U.S. Government business opportunities greater than $25,000, including synopses of proposed contract actions, solicitations, and associated information, can be accessed at the fedbizopps web site.
  • federal coordinating officer  - a Federal coordinating officer.
  • Federal Coordinating Officer  - The official appointed by the President to execute Stafford Act authorities, including the commitment of Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) resources and mission assignment of other Federal departments or agencies. In all cases, the FCO represents the FEMA Administrator in the field to discharge all FEMA responsibilities for the response and recovery efforts underway. For Stafford Act events, the FCO is the primary Federal representative with whom the State Coordinating Officer and other State, tribal, and local response officials interface to determine the most urgent needs and set objectives for an effective response in collaboration with the Unified Coordination Group. Also called FCO.
  • federal credit instrument  - a secured loan or loan guarantee authorized to be made available under this chapter with respect to a project.
  • federal credit instrument  - a secured loan, loan guarantee, or line of credit authorized to be made under this subchapter.
  • federal departments and agencies  - any authority of the United States that is an agency, other than those considered to be independent regulatory agencies.
  • federal domestic assistance program  - any function of a Federal agency that provides assistance or benefits for a State or States, territorial possession, county, city, other political subdivision, grouping, or instrumentality thereof; any domestic profit or nonprofit corporation, institution, or individual, other than an agency of the Federal Government. A Federal domestic assistance program may in practice be called a program, an activity, a service, a project, a process, or some other name, regardless of whether it is identified as a separate program by statute or regulation. It will be identified in terms of its legal authority, administering office, funding, purpose, benefits, and beneficiaries.
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency  - Department of Homeland Security Operational Component that leads and supports the Nation in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation, to reduce the loss of life and property and protect the Nation from all hazards including natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man- made disasters.
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency Regional Offices  - FEMA has 10 regional offices, each headed by a Regional Administrator. The regional field structures are FEMA’s permanent presence for communities and States across America. Also called FEMA Regional Offices.
  • federal emergency response official  - Federal Executive Branch employee or contractor who has responsibilities as defined in the National Response Framework (NRF), National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP), or National Continuity Policy Implementation Plan (NCPIP).
  • federal employee  - person other than the President and Vice President, employed by, detailed to, or assigned to a federal agency.
  • Federal Employee Health Benefits program  - program that provides comprehensive health insurance

  343 coverage to federal employees and their family members.Lexicon, Terms )

  • federal enterprise architecture  - business-based framework for government-wide improvement that describes the relationship between business functions and the technologies and information supporting them.
  • federal enterprise architecture  - the Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) is a set of inter-related reference models designed to facilitate cross-agency analysis and collaboration. Also called FEA.
  • federal enterprise architecture  - the Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) is a set of inter-related reference models designed to facilitate cross-agency analysis and collaboration. Also called FEA.
  • federal entity for lending regulation  - the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Comptroller of the Currency, the National Credit Union Administration, and the Farm Credit Administration, and with respect to a particular regulated lending institution means the entity primarily responsible for the supervision of the institution.

federal financial assistance- (A) any form of loan, grant, guarantee, insurance, payment, rebate, subsidy, or any other form of direct or indirect Federal assistance (other than general or special revenue sharing or formula grants made to States) approved by any Federal officer or agency; or (B) any loan made or purchased by any bank, savings and loan association, or similar institution subject to regulation by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, or the National Credit Union Administration.

  • federal financial assistance  - a grant, loan, or contribution provided by the United States, except any Federal guarantee or insurance, any interest reduction payment to an individual in connection with the purchase and occupancy of a residence by that individual, and any annual payment or capital loan to the District of Columbia.
  • federal financial assistance  - assistance that non-Federal entities receive or administer in the form of grants, loans, loan guarantees, property (including donated surplus property), cooperative agreements, interest subsidies, insurance, food commodities, direct appropriations, and other assistance, but does not include amounts received as reimbursement for services rendered to individuals.
  • Federal financial assistance  - assistance that non-Federal entities receive or administer in the form of grants, loans, loan guarantees, property (including donated surplus property), cooperative agreements, interest subsidies, insurance, food commodities, direct appropriations, and other assistance, but does not include amounts received as reimbursement for services rendered to individuals.
  • Federal firefighter  - an individual furnished by the Secretary of Agriculture or the Secretary of the Interior under an agreement entered.

federal functional regulator- (A) the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; (B) the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency; (C) the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; (D) the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision; (E) the National Credit Union Administration Board; and (F) the Securities and Exchange Commission.

  • federal funds authorized  - the total amount of Federal funds obligated by the Federal Government for use by the recipient. This amount may include any authorized carryover of unobligated funds from prior funding periods when permitted by agency regulations or agency implementing instructions.

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  • federal governmental plan  - a governmental plan established or maintained for its employees by the Government of the United States or by any agency or instrumentality of such Government.
  • federal health care program  - the Federal Employees Health Benefit Program, the Medicare program, programs operated directly by the Indian Health Service, the TRICARE program for the Department of Defense and other uniformed services, and the health care program operated by the Department of Veterans Affairs. For purposes of this order, Federal health care program does not include State operated or funded federally subsidized programs such as Medicaid, the State Children's Health Insurance Program, or services provided to Department of Veterans' Affairs beneficiaries.
  • Federal Helium Pipeline  - the federally owned pipeline system through which helium for the Federal Helium Reserve may be transported.
  • Federal Helium Reserve  - helium reserves owned by the United States.

Federal Helium System- (A) the Federal Helium Reserve;
(B) the Cliffside Field;
(C) the Federal Helium Pipeline; and (D) all other infrastructure owned, leased, or managed under contract by the Secretary for the storage, transportation, withdrawal, enrichment, purification, or management of helium.

  • Federal Identity, Credential, and Access Management  - the Government-wide effort to provide policy and programmatic support for identity, credential, and access management business functions within the Federal Government. See FICAM Web site for more information. Also called FICAM.
  • federal information  - information created, collected, processed, maintained, disseminated, disclosed, or disposed of by or for the Federal Government, in any medium or form.
  • Federal Information Security Modernization Act  - a statute (Title III of the E-Government Act, Public Law 107-347, as amended by Public Law 113-283) that requires agencies to assess risk to information systems and provide information security protections commensurate with the risk. FISMA also requires that agencies integrate information security into their capital planning and enterprise architecture processes, conduct annual information systems security reviews of all programs and systems, and report the results of those reviews to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Also called FISMA.
  • Federal Information Security Modernization Act  - a statute (Title III of the E-Government Act, Public Law 107-347, as amended by Public Law 113-283) that requires agencies to assess risk to information systems and provide information security protections commensurate with the risk. FISMA also requires that agencies integrate information security into their capital planning and enterprise architecture processes, conduct annual information systems security reviews of all programs and systems, and report the results of those reviews to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Also called FISMA.
  • federal information system  - an information system used or operated by an agency or by a contractor of an agency or by another organization on behalf of an agency.
  • federal information system  - An information system used or operated by an executive agency, by a contractor of an executive agency, or by another organization on behalf of an executive agency.

federal intergovernmental mandate- (A) any provision in legislation, statute, or regulation that- (i ) would impose an enforceable duty upon State, local, or tribal governments, except- (I) a condition of Federal assistance; or (II) a duty arising from participation in a voluntary Federal program, except as provided in subparagraph (B); or (ii) would reduce or eliminate the amount of authorization of appropriations for- (I) Federal financial assistance that would be provided to State, local, or tribal   345 governments for the purpose of complying with any such previously imposed duty unless such duty is reduced or eliminated by a corresponding amount; or (II) the control of borders by the Federal Government; or reimbursement to State, local, or tribal governments for the net cost associated with illegal, deportable, and excludable aliens, including court-mandated expenses related to emergency health care, education or criminal justice; when such a reduction or elimination would result in increased net costs to State, local, or tribal governments in providing education or emergency health care to, or incarceration of, illegal aliens; except that this subclause shall not be in effect with respect to a State, local, or tribal government, to the extent that such government has not fully cooperated in the efforts of the Federal Government to locate, apprehend, and deport illegal aliens; (B) any provision in legislation, statute, or regulation that relates to a then-existing Federal program under which $500,000,000 or more is provided annually to State, local, and tribal governments under entitlement authority, if the provision- (i)(I) would increase the stringency of conditions of assistance to State, local, or tribal governments under the program; or (II) would place caps upon, or otherwise decrease, the Federal Government's responsibility to provide funding to State, local, or tribal governments under the program; and (ii) the State, local, or tribal governments that participate in the Federal program lack authority under that program to amend their financial or programmatic responsibilities to continue providing required services that are affected by the legislation, statute, or regulation.

  • federal jurisdictional agency  - a Federal agency with jurisdiction delegated by law, regulation, order, or otherwise over a review, analysis, opinion, statement, permit, license, or other approval or decision required for a project study under applicable Federal laws (including regulations).
  • Federal laboratory  - a Government-owned, Government-operated laboratory and a Government-owned, contractor-operated laboratory.

Federal land- (A) land controlled or administered by the Secretary of the Interior, except Indian land; or

  • federal land ownership status  - the establishment and maintenance of a system for the storage and dissemination of information describing all title, estate or interest of the federal government in a parcel of real and mineral property. The ownership status system is the portrayal of title for all such federal estates or interests in land.
  • Federal lands  - lands the fee title to which is owned by the United States and administered by the Secretary of Agriculture or the Secretary of the Interior.
  • Federal Law Enforcement Training Center  - Department of Homeland Security Support Component that provides consolidated interagency law enforcement training, serving various federal, state, local, tribal, and international law enforcement agencies.
  • Federal office  - the office of President or Vice President, or of Senator or Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, the Congress.
  • federal private sector mandate  - any provision in legislation, statute, or regulation that- (A) would impose an enforceable duty upon the private sector except- (i) a condition of Federal assistance; or (ii) a duty arising from participation in a voluntary Federal program; or (B) would reduce or eliminate the amount of authorization of appropriations for Federal financial assistance that will be provided to the private sector for the purposes of ensuring compliance with such duty.

Federal program- (1) All Federal awards to a non-Federal entity assigned a single number in the catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA). (2) When no CFDA number is assigned, all Federal awards from the same agency made for the same purpose should be combined and considered one program. (3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2) of this definition, a cluster of programs. The types of clusters of programs are: (i) Research and development (R&D); (ii) Student financial aid   346  

  • federal program  - all Federal awards to a non-Federal entity assigned a single number in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA). When no CFDA number is assigned, all Federal awards from the same agency, made for the same purpose, should be combined and considered one program.
  • federal property  - any building, land, or other real property owned, leased, or occupied by any department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States (including the Department of Defense and the United States Postal Service), or any other instrumentality wholly owned by the United States, or by any department or agency of the District of Columbia or any territory or possession of the United States.

federal public benefit- (A) any grant, contract, loan, professional license, or commercial license provided by an agency of the United States or by appropriated funds of the United States; and (B) any retirement, welfare, health, disability, public or assisted housing, postsecondary education, food assistance, unemployment benefit, or any other similar benefit for which payments or assistance are provided to an individual, household, or family eligibility unit by an agency of the United States or by appropriated funds of the United States. (2) Such term shall not apply-(A) to any contract, professional license, or commercial license for a nonimmigrant whose visa for entry is related to such employment in the United States, or to a citizen of a freely associated state, if the applicable compact of free association approved in Public Law 99–239 or 99–658 (or a successor provision) is in effect; (B) with respect to benefits for an alien who as a work authorized nonimmigrant or as an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence under the Immigration and Nationality Act qualified for such benefits and for whom the United States under reciprocal treaty agreements is required to pay benefits, as determined by the Attorney General, after consultation with the Secretary of State; or (C) to the issuance of a professional license to, or the renewal of a professional license by, a foreign national not physically present in the United States.

  • federal record  - documentary materials (regardless of whether it exists in physical, digital, or electronic form) that include books, papers, maps, photographs, machine readable materials, or other materials, regardless of physical form or characteristics, made or received by an agency of the United States Government under federal law or in connection with the transaction of public business and preserved or appropriate for preservation by that agency or its legitimate successor as evidence of the organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, operations, or other activities of the Government or because of the informational value of data in these documentary materials may also be any item, collection, or grouping of information about an individual that is maintained by an agency.
  • federal records  - by law, Federal records are all documentary materials (including all books, papers, maps, photographs, machine readable materials), or other documentary materials, regardless of physical form, that are- (1) made or received by an agency of the United States Government in pursuance of Federal law or in connection with the transaction of public business, and (2) preserved or appropriate for preservation as evidence of agency activities or because of the value of the information they contain (44 U.S.C. 3301). Appropriate for preservation means documentary material made or received that will be filed, stored, or otherwise systematically maintained by the agency because they constitute evidence of the organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, operations, or other activities of the Government or because of the informational value of the material. Drafts of documents that contain unique information, such as annotations or comments, that help explain the formulation or execution of agency policies, decisions, actions or responsibilities, and which were circulated or made available to employees other than the drafter for the purpose of approval, comment, action or to keep staff informed about agency business, are considered records.
  • federal records center  - facility under the direction of the National Archives and Records Administration

  347 Terms )

  • federal resource allocation criteria policy  - federal policy that defines objective criteria to be used by federal departments and agencies when making resource allocation decisions to fusion centers.
  • Federal Resource Coordinator  - Official who may be designated by the Department of Homeland Security in non-Stafford Act situations when a Federal department or agency acting under its own authority has requested the assistance of the Secretary of Homeland Security to obtain support from other Federal departments and agencies. In these situations, the FRC coordinates support through interagency agreements and memorandums of understanding. The FRC is responsible for coordinating timely delivery of resources to the requesting agency. Also called FRC.
  • federal service  - a term applied to National Guard members and units when called to active duty to serve the United States Government under Article I and Article II, of the Constitution and Title 10, United States Code.
  • federal share  - the proportion of the cost of such project to be paid by the Federal Government under this subchapter.

federal share of real property, equipment, or supplies means that percentage of the property's acquisition costs and any improvement expenditures paid with Federal funds.

  • federal supply source  - supply source managed by a federal agency such as the GSA or Government Printing Office.
  • Federal Trade Commission Act  - the Act of Congress entitled An Act to create a Federal Trade Commission, to define its powers and duties, and for other purposes, approved September 26, 1914, as amended, and the Federal Trade Commission Act approved March 21, 1938.
  • Federal trust species  - migratory birds, threatened species, endangered species, interjurisdictional fish, marine mammals, and other species of concern.
  • federal user  - a Federal agency or extramural holder of one or more Federal research grants using helium.
  • Federal Wage System  - the pay system applicable to work in recognized trades or crafts or in manual- labor occupations in which trade, craft, or laboring experience and related knowledge is the paramount requirement. Also called FWS.
  • federally assisted housing  - residential dwellings receiving project-based assistance.
  • federally declared disaster  - major disaster declared by the President that warrants supplemental federal aid when the state or local governments clearly cannot handle them on their own.
  • Federally Funded Research and Development Center  - facility established to provide a variety of capabilities to the sponsoring agency, e.g., provide the agency with expert systems engineering capabilities, program test and evaluation planning and implementation capabilities, expert strategic and tactical studies and analysis capabilities, or other capabilities crucial to the agency mission provide a unique service to the government and include organizations such as national laboratories associated with federal agencies.
  • Federally Funded Research and Development Centers  - activities that are sponsored under a broad charter by a Government agency (or agencies) for the purpose of performing, analyzing, integrating,

  348   supporting, and/ or managing basic or applied research and/ or development, and that receive 70 percent or more of their financial support from the Government; and — (1) A long-term relationship is contemplated; (2) Most or all of the facilities are owned or funded by the Government; and (3) The FFRDC has access to Government and supplier data, employees, and facilities beyond that common in a normal contractual relationship. Also called FFRDC. CH A )

  • federally mandated training  - compulsory training that is required for all employees, government-wide, by federal statute or regulation.
  • federally owned housing  - residential dwellings owned or managed by a Federal agency, or for which a Federal agency is a trustee or conservator. For the purpose of this paragraph, the term Federal agency includes the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Farmers Home Administration, the Resolution Trust Corporation, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the General Services Administration, the Department of Defense, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Department of the Interior, the Department of Transportation, and any other Federal agency.
  • federally protected function  - any function, operation, or action carried out, under the laws of the United States, by any department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States or by an officer or employee thereof; and such term shall specifically include, but not be limited to, the collection and distribution of the United States mails.
  • federally recognized Indian tribal government  - the governing body or a governmental agency of any Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community (including any native village as defined in the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act) certified by the Secretary of the Interior as eligible for the special programs and services provided through the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • federally supported work  - any lead hazard evaluation or reduction activities conducted in federally owned or assisted housing or funded in whole or in part through any financial assistance program of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Farmers Home Administration, or the Department of Veterans Affairs.

federally-controlled facilities -(1) Federally-owned buildings or leased space, whether for single or multi-tenant occupancy, and its grounds and approaches, all or any portion of which is under the jurisdiction, custody or control of a department or agency; (2) Federally-controlled commercial space shared with non-government tenants. For example, if a department or agency leased the 10th floor of a commercial building, the Directive applies to the 10th floor only; (3) Government-owned, contractor-operated facilities, including laboratories engaged in national defense research and production activities; and (4) Facilities under a management and operating contract, such as for the operation, maintenance, or support of a Government-owned or Government-controlled research, development, special production, or testing establishment.

  • federally-controlled information system  - an information system used or operated by a Federal agency, or a contractor or other organization on behalf of the agency.
  • federally-owned corporation  - a corporation in which the United States owns all the outstanding capital stock.
  • federal-to-federal support  - Support that may occur when a Federal department or agency responding to an incident under its own jurisdictional authorities requests Department of Homeland Security coordination to obtain additional Federal assistance. As part of Federal-to-Federal support, Federal departments and agencies execute interagency or intra-agency reimbursable agreements, in accordance with the Economy Act or other applicable authorities.
  • fedline  - a software product offered by the Federal Reserve System for electronic connection to the Federal Reserve. It is used to transmit ACH items via telephone lines interfacing with a personal

  349 computer. FAH‐2 H‐131 )

  • Feed the Future Innovation Labs  - research partnerships led by United States universities that advance solutions to reduce global hunger, poverty, and malnutrition.
  • feeder pattern  - a secondary school and the elementary schools and middle schools that channel students into that secondary school.
  • fee-for-service agreement  - A formal agreement between agencies, in which one agency provides a service (a commercial activity) for a fee paid by another agency.
  • feint  - in military deception, an offensive action involving contact with the adversary conducted for the purpose of deceiving the adversary as to the location and/ or time of the actual main offensive action.
  • female genital mutilation  - the removal or infibulation (or both) of the whole or part of the clitoris, the labia minora, or labia majora.
  • fence-associated sensor  - detection device that mounts or is attached to a fence, or forms the fence, using transducer material.
  • ferry  - any vessel which is used: (A) to provide transportation only between places that are no more than 300 miles apart, and (B) to transport only- (i) passengers, or (ii) vehicles, or railroad cars, which are being used, or have been used, in transporting passengers or goods.
  • fertilizer  - any product or combination of products that contain one or more of the elements nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium for use as a plant nutrient.
  • fiber or textile fiber  - a unit of matter which is capable of being spun into a yarn or made into a fabric by bonding or by interlacing in a variety of methods including weaving, knitting, braiding, felting, twisting, or webbing, and which is the basic structural element of textile products.

fiduciary- (1) a person who is a guardian, curator, conservator, committee, or person legally vested with the responsibility or care of a claimant (or a claimant's estate) or of a beneficiary (or a beneficiary's estate); or (2) any other person having been appointed in a representative capacity to receive money paid under any of the laws administered by the Secretary for the use and benefit of a minor, incompetent, or other beneficiary.

  • fiduciary  - A person holding a position similar to that of a trustee with a duty to act in good faith for the benefit of another person. A fiduciary relationship may exist between client and attorney, or executor and distributee. A breach of fiduciary responsibility may make the fiduciary liable to the beneficiaries for any damage cause by such breach.
  • field  - Restricted area on telegram form that requires specific information.
  • field artillery  - equipment, supplies, ammunition, and personnel involved in the use of cannon, rocket, or surface-to-surface missile launchers. Also called FA.
  • field related to ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources  - any discipline or field, including marine affairs, resource management, technology, education, or science, which is concerned with or likely to improve the understanding, assessment, development, management, utilization, or conservation of ocean, coastal, or Great Lakes resources.

  350  

  • field related to space  - any academic discipline or field of study (including the physical, natural, and biological sciences, and engineering, space technology, education, economics, sociology, communications, planning, law, international affairs, and public administration) which is concerned with or likely to improve the understanding, assessment, development, and utilization of space.
  • field reporter number  - administrative number designed to identify a collector or reporter in disseminated Intelligence Information Reports.
  • field surety  - a full life-cycle approach to verification of the integrity of post classified information- processing equipment.
  • fighter engagement zone  - in air defense, that airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement of air threats normally rests with fighter aircraft. Also called FEZ.
  • fighter escort  - an offensive counterair operation providing dedicated protection sorties by air-to-air capable fighters in support of other offensive air and air support missions over enemy territory, or in a defensive counterair role to protect high value airborne assets.
  • fighter sweep  - an offensive mission by fighter aircraft to seek out and destroy enemy aircraft or targets of opportunity in a designated area.
  • file  - arrangement of records accumulated or maintained in filing equipment, boxes, or machine-readable media, or on shelves, and occupying office or storage space includes papers, photographs, photographic copies, maps, machine-readable information, or other recorded information regardless of physical form or characteristics.
  • file plan  - classification scheme in a specific office that describes how the records are organized and maintained.
  • file series  - file units or documents arranged according to a filing system or kept together because they relate to a particular subject or function, result from the same activity, document a specific kind of transaction, take a particular physical form, or have some other relationship arising out of their creation, receipt, or use, such as restrictions on access or use.
  • final action  - the completion of all actions that the management of an action office, in its management decision, has concluded is necessary to address the findings and recommendations in OIG reports.
  • final and finally  - a judgment from which an appeal of right cannot be taken or a voluntary or stipulated dismissal; and (II) with respect to an agency action, or to a final resolution of an enforcement action that is an agency action, mean an order that is not subject to further review within the agency and that has not been reversed, vacated, enjoined, or otherwise nullified by a final court determination or a voluntary or stipulated dismissal.
  • final assembly place  - the plant, factory, or other place at which a new passenger motor vehicle is produced or assembled by a manufacturer, and from which the vehicle is delivered to a dealer or importer with all component parts necessary for the mechanical operation of the vehicle included with the vehicle, whether or not the component parts are permanently installed in or on the vehicle. Such term does not include facilities for engine and transmission fabrication and assembly and the facilities for fabrication of motor vehicle equipment component parts which are produced at the same final assembly place using forming processes such as stamping, machining, or molding processes.
  • final basic pay  - the total amount of basic pay which would be payable for a year of service by such employee, computed using the employee's final rate of basic pay, and, if last serving on other than a

  351 full-time basis, with appropriate adjustment therefor.

  • final cost objective  - a cost objective which has allocated to it both direct and indirect costs, and in the educational institution's accumulation system, is one of the final accumulation points.
  • final decree  - a decree from which no appeal may be taken or from which no appeal has been taken within the time allowed for taking such appeals under the laws applicable to such appeals, or a decree from which timely appeal has been taken and such appeal has been finally decided under the laws applicable to such appeals.
  • final governing standards  - a comprehensive set of country-specific substantive environmental provisions, typically technical limitations on effluent, discharges, etc., or a specific management practice. Also called FGSs.
  • final indirect cost rate  - the indirect cost rate established and agreed upon by the Government and the contractor as not subject to change. It is usually established after the close of the contractor’s fiscal year (unless the parties decide upon a different period) to which it applies. For cost-reimbursement research and development contracts with educational institutions, it may be predetermined; that is, established for a future period on the basis of cost experience with similar contracts, together with supporting data.
  • final judgment  - an enforceable final judgment, decree or order on liability and damages entered by a United States district court that is not subject to further appellate review, but does not include a judgment, decree, or order that has been waived, relinquished, satisfied, espoused by the United States, or subject to a bilateral claims settlement agreement between the United States and a foreign state. In the case of a default judgment, such judgment shall not be considered a final judgment until such time as service of process has been completed.
  • final protective fire  - an immediately available prearranged barrier of fire designed to impede enemy movement across defensive lines or areas. Also called FPF.
  • final rate  - an indirect cost rate applicable to a specified past period which is based on the actual allowable costs of the period. A final audited rate is not subject to adjustment.
  • final review office  - the office assigned to conduct formal reviews on behalf of the Department, when required, of a particular employees or offices public communications.
  • final rule  - document published in the Federal Register to notify the public that DHS has exempted portions of a System of Records from one or more provisions of the Privacy Act because of criminal, civil, or administrative enforcement requirements.
  • finance support  - a financial management function to provide financial advice and recommendations, pay support, disbursing support, establishment of local depository accounts, essential accounting support, and support of the procurement process. See also financial management.
  • Finance/ Administration Section- (1) Incident Command  - Section responsible for all administrative and financial considerations surrounding an incident. (2) Joint Field Office (JFO) - Section responsible for the financial management, monitoring, and tracking of all Federal costs relating to the incident and the functioning of the JFO while adhering to all Federal laws and regulations.
  • financial analysis and performance reports  - the processes whereby financial data are transformed into meaningful information for both Department and external users responsible for making resource allocation decisions, assessing management's performance and stewardship, managing activities, or determining legal compliance.

  352  

  • financial assistance  - a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement.
  • financial assistance  - governmental payments provided as reimbursement for carrying out health-related activities. (2) The term health care entity includes an individual physician, a postgraduate physician.

financial contribution- (i) the direct transfer of funds, such as grants, loans, and equity infusions, or the potential direct transfer of funds or liabilities, such as loan guarantees, (ii) foregoing or not collecting revenue that is otherwise due, such as granting tax credits or deductions from taxable income, (iii) providing goods or services, other than general infrastructure, or (iv) purchasing goods.

  • financial crimes enforcement network project gateway  - capability that affords law enforcement officials in each state online access to financial crime databases at FinCEN, a U.S. Department of Treasury bureau under the Treasury Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.
  • financial disclosure management system  - the secure electronic system, accessible at https -/ / www.fdm.army.mil, used by Department public and confidential filers to complete and submit their new entrant, incumbent, and termination financial disclosure reports. Also called FDM.

financial entity- (I) a swap dealer; (II) a security-based swap dealer; (III) a major swap participant; (IV ) a major security-based swap participant; (V) a commodity pool; (VI) a private fund; (VII) an employee benefit plan; (VIII) a person predominantly engaged in activities that are in the business of banking, or in activities that are financial in nature.

  • financial interest  - the receipt of consulting fees or honoraria and the ownership of stock or equity.
  • financial liability  - present obligation to provide assets or services to another entity at a determinable date, when a specified event occurs, or on demand.
  • financial management  - planning, directing, monitoring, organizing, and controlling the financial activities and resources of an entity includes; program analysis and evaluation, budget formulation and execution, accounting and financial reporting, internal controls, financial systems, oversight and negotiation of reimbursable agreements, appropriation-related congressional reporting, management of working capital funds, and other related functions.
  • financial management  - the combination of the two core functions of resource management and finance support. Also called FM. See also finance support; resource management.
  • financial management matters  - those activities that relate to the fiscal affairs of the Department and the translation of actions into meaningful and relevant information for use in the management process. They cover a broad spectrum of activities including accounting, cash and credit management, reporting, and audit and review, among other things.
  • financial management officer (formerly known as a budget and fiscal officer)  - the officer responsible for post financial operations. Some of these fiscal responsibilities include- (1) Ensuring that post funds are not over-obligated or over-expended; (2) Maintaining all required budgetary and accounting records; (3) Maintaining proper controls of cash funds; (4) Ensuring that all liabilities are liquidated promptly in accordance with prescribed regulations; (5) Ensuring that obligating documents and vouchers are properly prepared and approved and are valid; (6) Ensuring that budgeting and financial reports are rendered accurately and promptly; and (7) Controlling cash funds maintained at post. Also called FMO.
  • financial management offices  - the offices at posts that manage the full range of post-level financial

  353 management activities. FAM 611.5 )

  • financial management personnel  - employees of the Department who directly or indirectly perform functions described under financial management matters. These personnel may or may not be within the chain of command of the Chief Financial Officer but will, in all cases, be subject to his or her general oversight with respect to financial management matters.
  • financial obligation  - any note, bond, debenture, or other debt obligation issued by an obligor in connection with the financing of an aircraft purchase, other than a Federal credit instrument.
  • financial plan  - the resource allocation plan as approved by the Under Secretary for Management / Chief Financial Officer and the Congress developed to provide guidance for allocation of financial resources in accordance with enacted appropriation legislation and Departmental priorities. Also called FINPLAN.
  • financial plan  - the resource allocation plan as approved by the Under Secretary for Management / Chief Financial Officer and the Congress developed to provide guidance for allocation of financial resources in accordance with enacted appropriation legislation and Departmental priorities. Also called FINPLAN.
  • financial plan review  - the periodic review of resource allocations, obligations and expenditures, and program performance to determine unfunded requirements not previously identified. Financial Plan reviews are performed on an as need basis.
  • financial recognition  - process of formally recording or incorporating an element (e.g., an asset or liability) into the financial statements of an entity.
  • financial requirement  - deductibles, copayments, coinsurance, and out-of-pocket expenses, but excludes an aggregate lifetime limit and an annual limit subject to paragraphs (1) and (2).
  • financial system  - information system, comprised of one or more applications, that is used for any of the following: • collecting, processing, maintaining, transmitting, and reporting data about financial events; • supporting financial planning or budgeting activities; • accumulating and reporting cost information; or • supporting the preparation of financial statements.
  • financial transaction  - any transfer of value involving a financial institution, including the transfer of forwards, futures, options, swaps, or precious metals, including gold, silver, platinum, and palladium.
  • financial transaction  - event or condition between a buyer and seller to exchange an asset for payment includes illegal money trails, hidden vessel or cargo ownership.
  • financing account  - the non-budget account or accounts associated with each credit program account which holds balances, receives the cost payment from the credit program account, and also includes all other cash flows to and from the Government resulting from direct loan obligations or loan guarantee commitments made on or after October 1, 1991.
  • find improvised explosive device incident  - improvised explosive device (IED) related incident that involves the discovery and/ or recovery of an IED not yet emplaced or employed, IED components, and/ or IED paraphernalia.
  • finding  - a conclusion drawn from facts and information about the propriety, efficiency, effectiveness, or economy of operation of a post, unit, or activity.

  354  

  • finding of suitability early transfer  - product and process to document the conclusion that property is environmentally suitable for early transfer by deed.
  • finding of suitability lease  - product and process to document the conclusion that property can be leased, even when cleanup is underway.
  • finding of suitability transfer  - product and process to document the conclusion that property is environmentally suitable for transfer by deed.
  • finished intelligence  - intelligence report or product developed through detailed analytic research from the collection, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of available information, typically regarding long-term intelligence priorities.
  • finished product  - any article which is usable for its intended functions without being imbedded or integrated into any other product, but in no case shall such term be deemed to include an article produced by a person other than a sanctioned person that contains parts or components of the sanctioned person if the parts or components have been substantially transformed during production of the finished product.
  • finishing action  - tactical operational action taken in direct response to an incident.
  • fire direction center  - that element of a command post, consisting of gunnery and communications personnel and equipment, by means of which the commander exercises fire direction and/ or fire control. Also called FDC.
  • fire organization  - any governmental entity or public or private corporation or association maintaining fire protection facilities within the United States, its Territories and possessions, and any governmental entity or public or private corporation or association which maintains fire protection facilities in any foreign country in the vicinity of any installation of the United States.
  • fire protection  - personal services and equipment required for fire prevention, the protection of life and property from fire,,1 fire fighting, and emergency services, including basic medical support, basic and advanced life support, hazardous material containment and confinement, and special rescue events involving vehicular and water mishaps, and trench, building, and confined space extractions.
  • fire support  - fires that directly support land, maritime, amphibious, and special operations forces to engage enemy forces, combat formations, and facilities in pursuit of tactical and operational objectives. See also fires.
  • fire support area  - an appropriate maneuver area assigned to fire support ships by the naval force commander from which they can deliver gunfire support to an amphibious operation. Also called FSA. See also amphibious operation; fire support.
  • fire support coordination  - the planning and executing of fire so that targets are adequately covered by a suitable weapon or group of weapons.
  • fire support coordination center  - a single location in which are centralized communications facilities and personnel incident to the coordination of all forms of fire support for Marine forces. Also called FSCC. See also fire support; fire support coordination; support; supporting arms coordination center.
  • fire support coordination line  - a fire support coordination measure established by the land or amphibious force commander to support common objectives within an area of operation; beyond which all fires must be coordinated with affected commanders prior to engagement, and short of the

  355 line, all fires must be coordinated with the establishing commander prior to engagement. Also called FSCL. See also fires; fire support.

  • fire support coordination measure  - a measure employed by commanders to facilitate the rapid engagement of targets and simultaneously provide safeguards for friendly forces. Also called FSCM. See also fire support coordination.
  • fire support coordinator  - 1. The officer in charge of the fire support coordination center. Also called FSC. 2. The brigade combat team’s organic fires battalion commander; if a fires brigade is designated as the division force field artillery headquarters, the fires brigade commander is the division’s fire support coordinator and is assisted by the chief of fires who then serves as the deputy fire support coordinator during the period the force field artillery headquarters is in effect. Also called FSCOORD.
  • fire support element  - that section of the tactical operations center at every echelon above company responsible for targeting coordination and for integrating fires under the control or in support of the force. Also called FSE. Also called fire cell (FC) within the United States Army. See also fire support; force; support.
  • fire support officer  - the field artillery officer from the operational to tactical level responsible for advising the supported commander or assisting the senior fires officer of the organization on fires functions and fire support. Also called FSO. See also field artillery; fire support; support.
  • fire support station  - an exact location at sea within a fire support area from which a fire support ship delivers fire. Also called FSS.
  • fire support team  - a field artillery team provided for each maneuver company/ troop and selected units to plan and coordinate all supporting fires available to the unit, including mortars, field artillery, naval surface fire support, and close air support integration. Also called FIST. See also close air support; field artillery; fire support; support.
  • firearm  - any weapon which is designed to or may readily be converted to expel any projectile by the action of an explosive; or the frame or receiver of any such weapon.
  • firecall password  - the password to a backup user account with full administrative privileges available for use only in extenuating circumstances.
  • firefighter  - employee, whose duties are primarily to perform work directly connected with the control and extinguishment of fires or the maintenance and use of firefighting apparatus and equipment included is an employee engaged in this activity who is transferred to a supervisory or administrative position; excluded is an employee whose primary duties are the performance of routine fire prevention inspection.
  • fireman  - any member of a fire department (including a volunteer fire department) of any State, any political subdivision of a State, or the District of Columbia.
  • fires  - the use of weapon systems or other actions to create specific lethal or nonlethal effects on a target.
  • firewall  - a hardware/ software capability that limits access between networks and/ or systems in accordance with a specific security policy.
  • firewall rule set  - a set of rules or operating conditions encoded into the firewall device to allow and/ or disallow TCP/ IP traffic to and from the public network. Rule sets are based upon either senior

  356   management or IT management defined policy.

firm- (A) a firm, including an agricultural firm or service sector firm; or (B) an appropriate subdivision thereof.

  • firm  - a law firm whether organized as a partnership or corporation.
  • firm  - an individual proprietorship, partnership, joint venture, association, corporation (including a development corporation), business trust, cooperative, trustee in bankruptcy, and receiver under decree of any court. A firm, together with any predecessor or successor firm, or any affiliated firm controlled or substantially beneficially owned by substantially the same persons, may be considered a single firm where necessary to prevent unjustifiable benefits.
  • firm fixed-price contract  - a contract that provides for a price that is not subject to any adjustment by reason of cost experience of the contractor in the performance of the contract.
  • firmware  - computer programs and data stored in hardware, typically in read-only memory (ROM) or programmable read-only memory (PROM), such that programs and data cannot be dynamically written or modified during execution of the programs.
  • first article  - a preproduction model, initial production sample, test sample, first lot, pilot lot, or pilot models.
  • first article testing  - production testing that is planned, conducted, and monitored by the materiel developer includes pre-production and initial production testing conducted to ensure that the contractor can furnish a product that meets the established technical criteria.
  • first article testing  - testing and evaluating the first article for conformance with specified contract requirements before or in the initial stage of production.
  • first carrier  - the first carrier transporting a loaded container or trailer in intermodal transportation.
  • first class mail  - any mailable item, including postcards, letters, flats, and small packages, may be mailed as First-Class Mail.  
  • first crop  - the first crop of the first agricultural commodity planted for harvest, or prevented from being planted, on specific acreage during a crop year and insured under this subchapter.

first generation college student- (A) an individual both of whose parents did not complete a baccalaureate degree; or (B) in the case of any individual who regularly resided with and received support from only one parent, an individual whose only such parent did not complete a baccalaureate degree.

  • first handler  - the first person who buys or takes possession of an agricultural commodity from a producer for marketing. If a producer markets the agricultural commodity directly to consumers, the producer shall be considered to be the first handler with respect to the agricultural commodity produced by the producer.
  • first period of full performance  - The performance period following the phase-in period when the service provider becomes fully responsible for performing the activity. The first performance period

  357 is used to implement the new service provider’s phase-in plan; therefore, full performance of the service provider does not occur until the second performance period, which may be referred to as the base period, full performance, or the first period of full performance. This first period of full performance may be less than or more than 12 months. The first period of full performance is the second performance period (the performance period immediately following phase-in period) regardless of the second performance period’s length. Circular A‐76 )

  • first responder  - a firefighter, law enforcement officer, paramedic, emergency medical technician, or other individual (including an employee of a legally organized and recognized volunteer organization, whether compensated or not), who, in the course of his or her professional duties, responds to fire, medical, hazardous material, or other similar emergencies.
  • first responder  - a primary health care provider who provides immediate clinical care and stabilization in preparation for evacuation to the next health service support capability in the roles of care, and treats Service members for common acute minor illnesses. See also essential care; evacuation.
  • first responder  - designation for an individual who, in the course of their professional duties of responding to emergencies, and in the early stages of an incident, is responsible for the protection and preservation of life, property, evidence, the environment, and for meeting basic human needs may be a member of a Federal, State or local emergency public safety, emergency response, emergency medical, law enforcement, fire and rescue, military, or other recognized agency and authority, including a volunteer or private organization, as well as other skilled support personnel (such as equipment operators, administrators, security personnel, etc.) who provide immediate support services during, response and protection operations.
  • first responder care  - the health care capability that provides immediate clinical care and stabilization to the patient in preparation for evacuation to the next health service support capability in the continuum of care.
  • first tier subcontractor  - a subcontractor who has a subcontract directly with the prime contractor.
  • first-class air accommodations  - generally, the highest class of accommodations offered by the airlines in terms of both cost and amenities. It is termed first-class by the airlines and by any reservation system.
  • first-class steamer accommodations  - includes all accommodation classes above the lowest class, including, but not limited to, suites.
  • first-class train accommodations  - includes bedroom, roomettes, club service, parlor car accommodations, business-class, or other premium accommodations.
  • first-line support  - first level in a hierarchy of support groups involved in the resolution of issues and is the initial point of contact for customers.
  • fiscal guidance  - document providing instruction for the allocation of funds to each Component for each year of the Future Years Homeland Security Program (FYHSP) providing a fiscal target for Component Resource Allocation Plan (RAP) submissions issued each year in February by the DHS Deputy Secretary through the OCFO, CFO Program Analysis & Evaluation (PA&E) Division.
  • fiscal irregularity  - an occurrence in which there is- (1) A shortage or overage of public funds; (2 ) Illegal disbursement(s) resulting from fraud, forgery, alteration of vouchers, improper certification, or other improper practices; (3) Improper accounting for receipts; or (4) Improper accounting for imprest funds.

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  • fiscal irregularity  - an occurrence in which there is- (1) A shortage or overage of public funds; (2 ) Illegal disbursement(s) resulting from fraud, forgery, alteration of vouchers, improper certification, or other improper practices; (3) Improper accounting for receipts; or (4) Improper accounting for imprest funds.
  • fiscal year  - the accounting period for which annual financial statements are regularly prepared, generally a period of 12 months, 52 weeks, or 53 weeks.
  • fish  - finfish, mollusks, crustaceans, and all other forms of marine animal and plant life, except marine mammals and birds.
  • fish processing vessel  - a vessel that commercially prepares fish or fish products other than by gutting, decapitating, gilling, skinning, shucking, icing, freezing, or brine chilling.
  • fish tender vessel  - a vessel that commercially supplies, stores, refrigerates, or transports fish, fish products, or materials directly related to fishing or the preparation of fish to or from a fishing, fish processing, or fish tender vessel or a fish processing facility.
  • fishing vessel  - a vessel that commercially engages in the catching, taking, or harvesting of fish or an activity that can reasonably be expected to result in the catching, taking, or harvesting of fish.
  • Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty  - this proposed international treaty would ban the further production of fissile material for use in nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices. Major related issues include dealing with existing national stocks of fissile material, the identification of effective measures for the verification of treaty compliance, requirements for treaty entry into force, and treaty duration. Also called FMCT.
  • fissile materials  - plutonium, highly-enriched uranium, or other material capable of sustaining an explosive nuclear chain reaction, including irradiated items containing such materials if the radiation field from such items is not sufficient to prevent the theft or misuse of such items.
  • fitness employee  - level of character and conduct determined necessary for an individual to perform work for or on behalf of a federal agency as an employee in the excepted service (other than a position subject to suitability) or as contractor personnel.
  • fitness determination employee  - decision by an agency that an individual has or does not have the required level of character and conduct necessary to perform work for or on behalf of a federal agency as an employee in the excepted service (other than a position subject to suitability) or as a contractor personnel.
  • fitness for duty  - occupational health evaluation (medical and/ or psychological) to ensure an employee is fit to perform duties conducted at the request of the supervisor/ agency.
  • fitness for duty  - the mental, emotional, and neurocognitive stability required of employees who utilize SPE and are required to make decisions whether to use deadly force in fulfilling law enforcement and security responsibilities.
  • fitness-for-duty evaluation  - a comprehensive examination performed by MED to evaluate the mental, emotional and/ or neuro-cognitive stability of personnel who utilize special protective equipment and who are involved in law enforcement and security functions. Also called FFDE.

five years of service credit toward retirement under the system (excluding military and naval

  • service)  - 5 years of creditable civilian service subject to FSRDS, FSRDS Offset, or FSPS deductions, or service subject to another civilian retirement system for Federal employees where

  359 deductions have been transferred to or deposited in the Foreign Service Disability Retirement Fund.

  • fixed guideway  - a public transportation facility: (A) using and occupying a separate right-of-way for the exclusive use of public transportation;(B) using rail; (C) using a fixed catenary system; (D) for a passenger ferry system; or (E) for a bus rapid transit system.
  • fixed guideway bus rapid transit project  - a bus capital project: (A) in which the majority of the project operates in a separated right-of-way dedicated for public transportation use during peak periods; (B) that represents a substantial investment in a single route in a defined corridor or subarea; and (C) that includes features that emulate the services provided by rail fixed guideway public transportation systems.
  • fixed port  - terminals with an improved network of cargo-handling facilities designed for the transfer of freight. See also maritime terminal.
  • fixed price contract  - a type of contract that generally provides for a firm price or, under appropriate circumstances, may provide for an adjustable price for the supplies or services being procured.
  • fixed rate  - an indirect cost rate which has the same characteristics as a predetermined rate, except that the difference between the estimated costs and the actual, allowable costs of the period covered by the rate is carried forward as an adjustment to the rate computation of a subsequent period.
  • fixed schedule  - A work schedule that once established remains the same from pay period to pay period.
  • flag officer  - an officer of the Navy or Coast Guard serving in or having the grade of admiral, vice admiral, rear admiral, or rear admiral (lower half).
  • flame field expedients  - simple, handmade devices used to produce flame or illumination.
  • flame fougasse improvised explosive device enhancement  - mixture of petrol (gasoline) and oil in a 40/ 60 ratio (also known as Improvised Napalm) that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED).
  • FLASH  - the highest precedence designation, reserved for the most urgent telegrams containing information vitally affecting the conduct of foreign relations and requiring instant attention by the addressee, regardless of the time of day or night. Hostile Action is imminent.
  • flash burn  - a burn caused by excessive exposure (of bare skin) to thermal radiation.
  • flash memory  - Electronic non-volatile memory storage device that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
  • flat  - Mail that is not letter mail and is not contained in a hard container, such as magazines, newspapers, or catalogs. According to the USPS Domestic Mail Manual, flat-size mail is- (1) More than 11-1/ 2 inches long, or more than 6-1/ 8 inches high, or more than 1/ 4 inch thick; (2) Not more than 15 inches long, or more than 12 inches high, or more than 3/ 4 inch thick; and (3) Flexible; rectangular; uniformly thick; and unwrapped, sleeved, wrapped, or enveloped.
  • flatrack  - portable, open-topped, open-sided units that fit into existing below-deck container cell guides and provide a capability for container ships to carry oversized cargo and wheeled and tracked vehicles.

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  • fleet  - an organization of ships, aircraft, Marine forces, and shore-based fleet activities all under a commander who may exercise operational as well as administrative control. See also numbered fleet.
  • fleet motor vehicle  - twenty or more motor vehicles that are used in the United States and that are not used for law enforcement, emergencies, and/ or military use excludes: 1. Motor vehicles held for lease or rental to the general public; 2. Motor vehicles held for sale by motor vehicle dealers, including demonstration motor vehicles; 3. Motor vehicles used for motor vehicle manufacturer product evaluations or tests; 4. Law enforcement motor vehicles; 5. Emergency motor vehicles; 6. Motor vehicles acquired and used for military purposes that the Secretary of Defense has certified to the Secretary that they be exempt for national security reasons; 7. Non-road vehicles, including farm and construction motor vehicles; or 8. Motor vehicles that, under normal operations, are garaged at personal residences at night.
  • fleet card  - assigned charge card for the purchase of fuel, minor maintenance, and repair services for fleet vehicles.
  • fleet Marine Force  - a balanced force of combined arms comprising land, air, and service elements of the United States Marine Corps, which is an integral part of a United States fleet and has the status of a type command.
  • fleet Post Office  - a military post office of the Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard. Also called FPO.
  • flex fuel vehicle  - a vehicle capable of operating equally well on petroleum fuel, an alternative fuel, or any combination of the two, with both fuels stored in the same common tank. Also called FFV.
  • flexible deterrent option  - a planning construct intended to facilitate early decision making by developing a wide range of interrelated responses that begin with deterrent-oriented actions carefully tailored to produce a desired effect. Also called FDO. See also deterrent options.
  • flexible hours  - The band of hours at the beginning and end of the workday during which an employee on a flexible work schedule may choose to vary his or her time of arrival and departure. Each bureau/ post must establish its own flexible hours consistent with the duties and requirements of the position. For example, if the core hours are 9 -00 a.m. to 3 -00 p.m., flexible hours might be from 6 - 15 a.m. to 9 -00 a.m. and from 3 -00 p.m. to 5 -30 p.m.
  • flexible response  - The capability of military forces for effective reaction to any enemy threat or attack with actions appropriate and adaptable to the circumstances existing.
  • flight  - 1. In Navy and Marine Corps usage, a specified group of aircraft usually engaged in a common mission. 2. The basic tactical unit in the Air Force, consisting of four or more aircraft in two or more elements. 3. A single aircraft airborne on a nonoperational mission.
  • flight deck  - 1. In certain airplanes, an elevated compartment occupied by the crew for operating the airplane in flight. 2. The upper deck of an aircraft carrier that serves as a runway. The deck of an air-capable ship, amphibious aviation assault ship, or aircraft carrier used to launch and recover aircraft.

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  • flight deck officer  - officer responsible for the safe movement of aircraft on or about the flight deck of an aviation-capable ship. Also called FDO.
  • flight quarters  - a ship configuration that assigns and stations personnel at critical positions to conduct safe flight operations.

floating craft company -a company-sized unit made up of various watercraft teams such as tugs, barges, and barge cranes.

  • floating dump  - emergency supplies preloaded in landing craft, amphibious vehicles, or in landing ships that are located in the vicinity of the appropriate control officer, who directs their landing as requested by the troop commander concerned.
  • flood  - overflowing of a large amount of water beyond its normal confines, esp. over what is normally dry land may be a general or temporary condition, partial or complete inundation
  • flood hazards  - National Flood Insurance Program has prepared flood hazard data for approximately 18,000 communities. The primary information prepared for these communities is for the 1 percent annual chance (100-year) flood, and includes documentation of the boundaries and elevations of that flood.
  • floodplain  - lowland and relatively flat areas adjoining inland and coastal waters that is naturally subject to recurring flooding at a minimum, areas subject to a 1 percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year.
  • floodplain management  - the operation of a community program of corrective and preventative measures for reducing flood damage.
  • floor broker  - in general, any person- (i) who, in or surrounding any pit, ring, post, or other place provided by a contract market for the meeting of persons similarly engaged, shall purchase or sell for any other person- (I) any commodity for future delivery, security futures product, or swap; or (II) any commodity option authorized; or (ii) who is registered with the Commission as a floor broker.

floor trader in general is any person- (i) who, in or surrounding any pit, ring, post, or other place provided by a contract market for the meeting of persons similarly engaged, purchases, or sells solely for such person's own account- (I) any commodity for future delivery, security futures product, or swap; or (II) any commodity option authorized; or (ii) who is registered with the Commission as a floor trader.

  • fly-in echelon  - Airlifted forces and equipment to include flight ferry aircraft and aviation support equipment needed to support operations; typically associated with the use of pre-positioned assets. Also called FIE.
  • foil  - electrically conductive ribbon used for a sensing circuit.
  • following to join  - permits an alien to obtain a nonimmigrant visa or immigrant visa and the priority date of the principal alien as long as the alien following to join has the required relationship with the principal alien. b. There is no statutory time period during which the following to join alien must apply for a visa and seek admission into the United States. However, if the principal has died or lost status, or the relationship between the principal and derivative has been terminated, there is no longer a basis to following to join. As an example, a person would no longer qualify as a child following to join upon reaching the age of 21 years (unless they qualify for the benefits of the Child Status Protection Act, by entering into a marriage. c. There is no requirement that the following to join alien must take up residence with the principal alien in order to qualify for the visa. The term

  362   following to join, also applies to a spouse or child following to join a principal alien who has adjusted status in the United States. d. Spouse or Child Acquired Prior to Admission of Principal Alien - A spouse or child acquired prior to a principal aliens admission to the United States is entitled to derivative status and the priority date of the principal alien, regardless of the period of time which may elapse between the issuance of a visa to or admission into the United States of the principal alien and the issuance of a visa to the spouse or child of such alien and regardless of whether the spouse or child had been named in the immigrant visa application of the principal alien. e. Child Born After Admission of Principal Alien - A child born of a marriage which existed at the time of the principal aliens admission to the United States is considered to have been acquired prior to the principal aliens admission and is entitled to the principal aliens priority date. f. Spouse or Child Acquired Subsequent to Admission of Principal Alien - A spouse or child acquired through a marriage, which occurs after the admission of the principal alien under INA through INA is not derivatively entitled to the status accorded by those provisions. g. Adopted Child - A child who qualified as a child under the provisions of INA subsequent to the principal aliens admission, but was adopted and was a member of the principal aliens household prior to the adoptive parents admission to the United States, is considered to have been acquired prior to the principal aliens admission. h. Effect of Principal Alien's Naturalization on Derivative Status - A following to join derivative must immigrate to the United States prior to any naturalization as a U.S. citizen. If the alien fails to immigrate prior to any naturalization the citizen must file an immediate relative petition for the family members.

  • follow-on operational test and evaluation  - test and evaluation effort that may be necessary after system deployment to refine the estimates made during operational test and evaluation, to evaluate changes, and to re-evaluate the system to ensure that it continues to meet operational needs and retains its effectiveness in a new environment or against a new threat.
  • follow-up  - In amphibious operations, the reinforcements and stores carried on ships and aircraft (not originally part of the amphibious force) that are off-loaded after the assault and assault follow-on echelons have been landed. See also amphibious operation; assault; assault follow-on echelon.
  • follow-up shipping  - Ships not originally a part of the amphibious task force but which deliver troops and supplies to the objective area after the action phase has begun.
  • fonts  - general shapes for a set of characters. Each font has a name for selecting the type and size of print.

food- (1) articles used for food or drink for man or other animals, (2) chewing gum, and (3) articles used for components of any such article. food- (1) articles used for food or drink for man or other animals, (2) chewing gum, and (3) articles used for components of any such article.

  • food  - any raw, cooked, processed, or prepared edible substance, ice, beverage, or ingredient used or intended for use in whole or in part for human consumption.
  • food and nutrition security  - access to, and availability, utilization, and stability of, sufficient food to meet caloric and nutritional needs for an active and healthy life.
  • food resource facilities  - plants, machinery, vehicles (including on farm), and other facilities required for the production, processing, distribution, and storage (including cold storage) of food resources, and for the domestic distribution of farm equipment and fertilizer (excluding transportation thereof).
  • food resources  - all commodities and products, (simple, mixed, or compound), or complements to such commodities or products, that are capable of being ingested by either human beings or animals, irrespective of other uses to which such commodities or products may be put, at all stages of

  363 processing from the raw commodity to the products thereof in vendible form for human or animal consumption. Food resources also means potable water packaged in commercially marketable containers, all starches, sugars, vegetable and animal or marine fats and oils, seed, cotton, hemp, and flax fiber, but does not mean any such material after it loses its identity as an agricultural commodity or agricultural product.

  • food security  - access by all people at all times to sufficient food and nutrition for a healthy and productive life.
  • foodborne illness outbreak  - the occurrence of 2 or more cases of a similar illness resulting from the ingestion of a certain food.
  • footprint  - 1. The area on the surface of the earth within a satellite’s transmitter or sensor field of view. 2. The amount of personnel, spares, resources, and capabilities physically present and occupying space at a deployed location.
  • for official use only  - protective marking for unclassified information of a sensitive nature that required protection for any number of reasons.
  • for use as a weapon  - the development, production, transfer, acquisition, retention, or possession of any biological agent, toxin, or delivery system for other than prophylactic, protective, bona fide research, or other peaceful purposes.
  • force  - 1. An aggregation of military personnel, weapon systems, equipment, and necessary support, or combination thereof. 2. A major subdivision of a fleet.
  • force beddown  - the provision of expedient facilities for troop support to provide a platform for the projection of force. See also facility substitutes.
  • force closure  - the point in time when a supported joint force commander determines that sufficient personnel and equipment resources are in the assigned operational area to carry out assigned tasks. See also closure; force.
  • force health protection  - measures to promote, improve, or conserve the behavioral and physical well- being of Service members to enable a healthy and fit force, prevent injury and illness, and protect the force from health hazards. Also called FHP. See also force; protection.
  • force management  - an organizing construct of processes, policies, organizational information, and tools that informs senior leader decision making on the global joint sourcing of the defense strategy.
  • force module  - a grouping of combat, combat support, and combat service support forces, with their accompanying supplies and the required nonunit resupply and personnel necessary to sustain forces for a minimum of 30 days. Also called FM.
  • force planning  - 1. Planning associated with the creation and maintenance of military capabilities by the Military Departments, Services, and US Special Operations Command. 2. In the Joint Operation Planning and Execution System, the planning conducted by the supported combatant command and its components to determine required force capabilities to accomplish an assigned mission.

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  • force projection  - the ability to project the military instrument of national power from the United States or another theater, in response to requirements for military operations. See also force.
  • force protection  - preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile actions against Department of Defense personnel (to include family members), resources, facilities, and critical information. Also called FP. See also force; force protection condition; protection.
  • force protection  - preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile actions against federal personnel (to include family members), resources, facilities, and critical information.
  • force protection condition  - a Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff-approved standard for identification of and recommended responses to terrorist threats against United States personnel and facilities. Also called FPCON. See also antiterrorism; force protection.
  • force protection detachment  - a counterintelligence element that provides counterintelligence support to transiting and assigned ships, personnel, and aircraft in regions of elevated threat. Also called FPD.
  • force protection working group  - cross-functional working group whose purpose is to conduct risk assessment and risk management and to recommend mitigating measures to the commander. Also called FPWG.
  • force requirement number  - an alphanumeric code used to uniquely identify force entries in a given operation plan time-phased force and deployment data. Also called FRN.
  • force sequencing  - the phased introduction of forces into and out of the operational area.
  • force sourcing  - the identification of the actual units, their origins, ports of embarkation, and movement characteristics to satisfy the time-phased force requirements of a supported commander.
  • force structure  - the composition of Department of Defense organizations, both military and civilian, that comprise and support United States defense forces as specified by the National Defense Authorization Acts of current and applicable previous years, and defines the organizational hierarchy through which leadership authorities are exercised.
  • force tracking  - the process of gathering and maintaining information on the location, status, and predicted movement of each element of a unit including the unit’s command element, personnel, and unit-related supplies and equipment while in transit to the specified operational area.
  • force visibility  - the current and accurate status of forces; their current mission; future missions; location; mission priority; and readiness status.
  • force/ activity designator  - number used in conjunction with urgency of need designators to establish a matrix of priorities used for supply requisitions. Also called F/ AD. See also force.
  • forced labor  - all work or service-(A) that is exacted from any individual under menace of any penalty for nonperformance of the work or service, and for which-(i) the work or service is not offered voluntarily; or (ii) the work or service is performed as a result of coercion, debt bondage, or involuntary servitude and (B) by 1 or more individuals who, at the time of performing the work or service, were being subjected to a severe form of trafficking in persons.
  • forcible entry  - seizing and holding of a military lodgment in the face of armed opposition. See also lodgment.

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  • foreign affairs agencies  - Department of State, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), the Department of Commerce, and the Foreign Service Corps of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
  • foreign affairs agency or agency  - the Department of State, the Agency for International Development
  • Foreign Affairs Handbook  - an extension of the Foreign Affairs Manual. This supplemental series provides implementing guidelines and detailed procedures for directives contained in the FAM. The term Handbook denotes a Foreign Affairs Handbook. Also called FAH.
  • Foreign Affairs Manual  - the formal written document for recording, maintaining, and issuing Department directives. The term manual denotes the Foreign Affairs Manual or one of its volumes. Also called FAM.
  • foreign agent  - any officer, employee, proxy, servant, delegate, or representative of a foreign government.
  • foreign air carrier  - a person, not a citizen of the United States, undertaking by any means, directly or indirectly, to provide foreign air transportation.
  • foreign air carrier  - an air carrier that is not holding a certificate issued by the United States.
  • foreign air commerce  - the transportation of passengers or property by aircraft for compensation, the transportation of mail by aircraft, or the operation of aircraft in furthering a business or vocation, between a place in the United States and a place outside the United States when any part of the transportation or operation is by aircraft.
  • foreign air transportation  - the transportation of passengers or property by aircraft as a common carrier for compensation, or the transportation of mail by aircraft, between a place in the United States and a place outside the United States when any part of the transportation is by aircraft.
  • foreign area  - any area (including the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands) situated outside the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the possessions of the United States.
  • foreign area  - any area, including the Trust Territories of the Pacific islands, situated both outside CONUS and outside the nonforeign areas. See also nonforeign area.
  • foreign article  - an article wholly or in part the growth or product of a foreign country.
  • foreign assistance  - any tangible or intangible item provided by the United States Government to a foreign country or international organization under this or any other Act, including but not limited to any training, service, or technical advice, any item of real, personal, or mixed property, any agricultural commodity, United States dollars, and any currencies of any foreign country which are owned by the United States Government; and provided by the United States Government - foreign assistance provided by means of gift, loan, sale, credit, or guaranty.
  • foreign assistance  - any tangible or intangible item provided by the United States Government to a foreign country or international organization under this chapter or any other Act, including but not limited to any training, service, or technical advice, any item of real, personal, or mixed property, any agricultural commodity, United States dollars, and any currencies of any foreign country which

  366   are owned by the United States Government.

  • foreign assistance  - assistance to foreign nations ranging from the sale of military equipment to donations of food and medical supplies to aid survivors of natural and man-made disasters; that may be provided through development assistance, humanitarian assistance, and security assistance. See also domestic emergencies; foreign disaster; foreign humanitarian assistance; security assistance.
  • foreign consequence management  - United States Government activity that assists friends and allies in responding to the effects from an intentional or accidental chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear incident on foreign territory in order to maximize preservation of life. Also called FCM.
  • foreign content  - passenger motor vehicle equipment that is not of United States/ Canadian origin.
  • foreign corporation  - a corporation that is not incorporated in the United States.
  • foreign country  - any empire, country, dominion, colony, or protectorate, or any subdivision or subdivisions thereof (other than the United States and its possessions).
  • foreign country  - any foreign instrumentality. Any territory or possession of a foreign country that is administered separately for customs purposes, shall be treated as a separate foreign country.
  • foreign country  - many country or territory, excluding the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and other territories or possessions of the United States.
  • foreign court  - a court, administrative body, or other tribunal of a foreign country.
  • foreign court  - a court, an administrative body, or other tribunal of a foreign country.
  • foreign disaster  - a calamitous situation or event that occurs naturally or through human activities, which threatens or inflicts human suffering on a scale that may warrant emergency relief assistance from the United States Government or from foreign partners. See also foreign disaster relief.
  • foreign disaster relief  - assistance that can be used immediately to alleviate the suffering of foreign disaster victims that normally includes services and commodities as well as the rescue and evacuation of victims; the provision and transportation of food, water, clothing, medicines, beds, bedding, and temporary shelter; the furnishing of medical equipment, medical and technical personnel; and making repairs to essential services. Also called FDR. See also foreign disaster.
  • foreign disaster relief  - Prompt aid that can be used to alleviate the suffering of foreign disaster victims. Normally it includes humanitarian services and transportation; the provision of food, clothing, medicine, beds, and bedding; temporary shelter and housing; the furnishing of medical materiel and medical and technical personnel; and making repairs to essential services. Also called FDR.
  • foreign disclosure  - displaying or revealing classified national intelligence or controlled unclassified information (CUI), whether orally, in writing, or in any other medium, to any foreign entities without providing the foreign entity a copy of such information for retention.
  • Foreign Disclosure and Release Officer  - individual to whom a Senior Foreign Disclosure and Release Authority (SFDRA) has delegated in writing the authority to approve or deny requests for authorization to disclose and release intelligence or controlled unclassified information (CUI) under

  367 the SFDRA’s jurisdiction or as authorized in accordance with guidance from the Director of National Intelligence (DNI)as specified in ICD 403.

  • foreign entity  - foreign government or component thereof, including intelligence services, international organizations or coalitions consisting of sovereign states, and others as determined by the Director of National Intelligence (DNI).
  • foreign excess personal property  - foreign excess personal property is any U.S.-owned excess personal property located outside the United States, the U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
  • foreign exchange  - the system by which one currency is exchanged for another. This enables international transactions to take place.
  • foreign exchange forward  - a transaction that solely involves the exchange of 2 different currencies on a specific future date at a fixed rate agreed upon on the inception of the contract covering the exchange.
  • foreign exchange swap  - a transaction that solely involves- (A) an exchange of 2 different currencies on a specific date at a fixed rate that is agreed upon on the inception of the contract covering the exchange; and (B) a reverse exchange of the 2 currencies described in subparagraph (A) at a later date and at a fixed rate that is agreed upon on the inception of the contract covering the exchange.
  • foreign fire organization  - any foreign governmental, public, or private entity that has wildfire protection resources.
  • foreign firm  - a business entity other than a United States firm.
  • foreign futures authority  - any foreign government, or any department, agency, governmental body, or regulatory organization empowered by a foreign government to administer or enforce a law, rule, or regulation as it relates to a futures or options matter, or any department or agency of a political subdivision of a foreign government empowered to administer or enforce a law, rule, or regulation as it relates to a futures or options matter.
  • foreign government  - a foreign government, a department, agency, or instrumentality of a foreign government, or a company owned by a foreign government, as determined by the Securities and Exchange Commission.
  • foreign government  - any government other than the Federal Government or any government of a State or a political subdivision of a State.

foreign government information- (1) Information provided to the United States by a foreign government or international organization of governments in the expectation, express or implied, that the information is to be kept in confidence; or (2) Information, requiring confidentiality, produced by the United States pursuant to a written joint arrangement with a foreign government or international organization of governments. A written joint arrangement may be evidenced by an exchange of letters, a memorandum of understanding, or other written record of the joint arrangement. foreign government information- (1) Information provided to the United States by a foreign government or international organization of governments in the expectation, express or implied, that the information is to be kept in confidence; or (2) Information, requiring confidentiality, produced by the United States pursuant to a written joint arrangement with a foreign government or international organization of governments. A written joint arrangement may be evidenced by an   368   exchange of letters, a memorandum of understanding, or other written record of the joint arrangement.

foreign government information- (1) information provided to the United States Government by a foreign government or governments, an international organization of governments, or any element thereof, with the expectation that the information, the source of the information, or both, are to be held in confidence;(2) information produced by the United States Government pursuant to or as a result of a joint arrangement with a foreign government or governments, or an international organization of governments, or any element thereof, requiring that the information, the arrangement, or both, are to be held in confidence; or (3) information received and treated as foreign government information under the terms of a predecessor order.

  • foreign government-controlled transaction  - any covered transaction that could result in the control of any person engaged in interstate commerce in the United States by a foreign government or an entity controlled by or acting on behalf of a foreign
  • foreign humanitarian assistance  - Department of Defense activities conducted outside the United States and its territories to directly relieve or reduce human suffering, disease, hunger, or privation. Also called FHA. See also foreign assistance.
  • foreign humanitarian assistance  - Department of Defense activities, normally in support of the United States Agency for International Development or Department of State, conducted outside the United States, its territories, and possessions to relieve or reduce human suffering, disease, hunger, or privation. Also called FHA.
  • foreign information release  - provision of classified national intelligence or controlled unclassified information (CUI), in writing or in any other medium, to any foreign entities for retention.
  • foreign instrumentality  - any agency, bureau, ministry, component, institution, association, or any legal, commercial, or business organization, corporation, firm, or entity that is substantially owned, controlled, sponsored, commanded, managed, or dominated by a foreign government.
  • foreign instrumentation signals intelligence  - a subcategory of signals intelligence, consisting of technical information and intelligence derived from the intercept of foreign electromagnetic emissions associated with the testing and operational deployment of non-US aerospace, surface, and subsurface systems. Foreign instrumentation signals include but are not limited to telemetry, beaconry, electronic interrogators, and video data links. Also called FISINT. See also signals intelligence.
  • foreign intelligence  - Information relating to capabilities, intentions, and activities of foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations, or foreign persons, or international terrorist activities. Also called FI. See also intelligence.
  • foreign intelligence  - information relating to the capabilities, intentions, or activities of foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations, foreign persons, or international terrorists.
  • foreign intelligence  - information relating to the capabilities, intentions, or activities of foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations, or foreign persons, or international terrorist activities.
  • foreign intelligence information  - information relating to the capabilities, intentions, or activities of foreign governments or elements thereof, foreign organizations, foreign persons, or international terrorists.

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  • foreign intelligence entity  - any known or suspected foreign organization, person, or group (public, private, or governmental) that conducts intelligence activities to acquire United States information, block or impair United States intelligence collection, influence United States policy, or disrupts United States systems and programs. The term includes foreign intelligence and security services and international terrorists. Also called FIE.
  • foreign intelligence entity  - Any known or suspected foreign organization, person, or group (public, private, or governmental) that conducts intelligence activities to acquire United States information, block or impair United States intelligence collection, influence United States policy, or disrupts United States systems and programs. The term includes foreign intelligence and security services and international terrorists. Also called FIE.
  • foreign intelligence entity  - known or suspected foreign state or non-state organization or person that conducts intelligence activities to acquire information about the United States, blocks or impairs intelligence collection by the United States Government, influences United States policy, or disrupts systems and programs owned or operated by or within the United States includes foreign intelligence and security services, international terrorists, transnational criminal organizations, and drug trafficking organizations conducting intelligence-related activities.

foreign intelligence information -
(1) information that relates to, and if concerning a United States person is necessary to, the ability of the United States to protect against—
(A) actual or potential attack or other grave hostile acts of a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power;
(B) sabotage, international terrorism, or the international proliferation of weapons of mass destruction by a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power; or
 (C) clandestine intelligence activities by an intelligence service or network of a foreign power or by an agent of a foreign power; or (2) information with respect to a foreign power or foreign territory that relates to, and if concerning a United States person is necessary to — (A) the national defense or the security of the United States; or (B) the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States.

  • foreign intelligence service  - foreign government agency responsible for the collection, analysis, and exploitation of information and intelligence in support of law enforcement, national security, military, and/ or foreign policy objectives.
  • foreign internal defense  - participation by civilian and military agencies of a government in any of the action programs taken by another government or other designated organization to free and protect its society from subversion, lawlessness, insurgency, terrorism, and other threats to its security. Also called FID.
  • foreign judgment  - a final civil judgment rendered by a foreign court.
  • foreign judgment  - a final judgment rendered by a foreign court.
  • foreign law enforcement authority  - any foreign authority that is empowered under foreign law to detect, investigate or prosecute potential violations of law.
  • foreign like product  - merchandise in the first of the following categories in respect of which a determination for the purposes of part II of this subtitle can be satisfactorily made: (A) The subject merchandise and other merchandise which is identical in physical characteristics with, and was produced in the same country by the same person as, that merchandise. (B) Merchandise-(i) produced in the same country and by the same person as the subject merchandise, (ii) like that merchandise in component material or materials and in the purposes for which used, and (iii) approximately equal in commercial value to that merchandise. (C) Merchandise- (i) produced in the same country and by the same person and of the same general class or kind as the subject

  370   merchandise, (ii) like that merchandise in the purposes for which used, and (iii) which the administering authority determines may reasonably be compared with that merchandise.

  • foreign military sales  - A government-to-government program managed by State's Bureau of Political- Military Affairs (PM) through which the U.S. Government sells conventional military weapons, equipment, and services to allied and friendly nations to assist them in meeting their legitimate defense requirements. Although the Department of Defense, through the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), is responsible for implementing individual FMS cases, the Department of State must first review and approve them. DSCA forwards all FMS cases to PM, which is responsible for ensuring that they are properly reviewed within the Department for consistency with U.S. foreign policy and national security objectives. Also called FMS.
  • foreign military sales  - that portion of United States security assistance authorized by the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and the Arms Export Control Act of 1976, as amended. This assistance differs from the Military Assistance Program and the International Military Education and Training Program in that the recipient provides reimbursement for defense articles and services transferred. Also called FMS.
  • foreign missions program operations  - facilitates the securing and efficient operations of foreign missions and public international organizations in the United States.
  • foreign nation support  - civil and/ or military assistance rendered to a nation when operating outside its national boundaries during military operations based on agreements mutually concluded between nations or on behalf of intergovernmental organizations. Also called FNS. See also host-nation support.

foreign national- (A) an alien; or (B) any corporation, trust, partnership, or other juridical entity not organized under the laws of the United States, or of any State, the District of Columbia, or any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.

  • foreign national  - Any person other than a United States citizen, United States permanent or temporary legal resident alien, or person in United States custody.
  • foreign national  - any person other than a United States citizen, United States permanent or temporary legal resident alien, or person in United States custody.
  • foreign national  - any person other than a United States national.
  • foreign national in the United States  - person who is neither a U.S. citizen nor a lawful permanent resident in the United States, or a “protected individual”.
  • foreign national client  - a person who is not a United States citizen or national or an alien lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence and who utilizes the services of an international marriage broker. Such term includes an alien residing in the United States who is in the United States as a result of utilizing the services of an international marriage broker and any alien recruited by an international marriage broker or representative of such broker.
  • foreign national employee  - An employee that is not a United States citizen who is employed by the United States Government and works outside the United States, its territories or possessions, under a system in which an Executive Agency is the official employer of the foreign national employee and assumes responsibility for all administration and management functions associated with the employee’s employment.
  • foreign object damage  - rags, pieces of paper, line, articles of clothing, nuts, bolts, or tools that, when

  371 misplaced or caught by air currents normally found around aircraft operations (jet blast, rotor or prop wash, engine intake), cause damage to aircraft systems or weapons or injury to personnel. Also called FOD.Dictionary, JP 3‐04 )

  • foreign official  - any officer or employee of a foreign government or any department, agency, or instrumentality thereof, or of a public international organization, or any person acting in an official capacity for or on behalf of any such government or department, agency, or instrumentality, or for or on behalf of any such public international organization.
  • foreign offshore unit  - a facility which is located, in whole or in part, in the territorial sea or on the continental shelf of a foreign country and which is or was used for one or more of the following purposes: exploring for, drilling for, producing, storing, handling, transferring, processing, or transporting oil produced from the seabed beneath the foreign country's territorial sea or from the foreign country's continental shelf.
  • foreign participant  - the national of a developing or transitional country that is receiving assistance under the program established who has been designated to participate in activities under such program.

foreign person- (1) an individual who is not a citizen of the United States or an alien admitted for permanent residence to the United States; or
(2) a corporation, partnership, or other entity which is created or organized under the laws of a foreign country or which has its principal place of business outside the United States. foreign person- (A) an individual who is not a citizen of the United States or an alien admitted for permanent residence to the United States; or (B) a corporation, partnership, or other nongovernment entity which is created or organized under the laws of a foreign country or which has its principal place of business outside the United States. foreign person- (A) an individual who is not a United States person or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence into the United States; or (B) a corporation, partnership, or other nongovernmental entity which is not a United States person.

  • foreign person  - a person that is not a United States person.
  • foreign person  - A) an individual who is not a United States person or an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence into the United States; or
(B) a corporation, partnership, or other nongovernmental entity which is not a United States person.
  • foreign person  - any person other than a United States person.
  • foreign person  - any person other than a United States person.
  • foreign person and person  - A) a natural person that is an alien;
(B) a corporation, business association, partnership, society, trust, or any other nongovernmental entity, organization, or group, that is organized under the laws of a foreign country or has its principal place of business in a foreign country; (C) any foreign government, including any foreign governmental entity; and (D) any successor, subunit, or subsidiary of any entity described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), including any entity in which any entity described in any such subparagraph owns a controlling interest.
  • foreign political party  - any organization or any other combination of individuals in a country other than the United States, or any unit or branch thereof, having for an aim or purpose, or which is engaged

  372   in any activity devoted in whole or in part to, the establishment, administration, control, or acquisition of administration or control, of a government of a foreign country or a subdivision thereof, or the furtherance or influencing of the political or public interests, policies, or relations of a government of a foreign country or a subdivision thereof. §611 )

foreign power- (1) a foreign government or any component thereof, whether or not recognized by the United States; (2) a faction of a foreign nation or nations, not substantially composed of United States persons; (3) an entity that is openly acknowledged by a foreign government or governments to be directed and controlled by such foreign government or governments; (4) a group engaged in international terrorism or activities in preparation therefor; (5) a foreign-based political organization, not substantially composed of United States persons; (6) an entity that is directed and controlled by a foreign government or governments; or (7) an entity not substantially composed of United States persons that is engaged in the international proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

  • foreign power  - entity that is: (i) a foreign government or any component thereof, whether or not recognized by the United States; (ii) a faction of a foreign nation or nations, not substantially composed of United States persons; (iii) an entity that is openly acknowledged by a foreign government or governments to be directed and controlled by such foreign government or governments; (iv) a group engaged in international terrorism or activities in preparation thereof; (v) a foreign-based political organization, not substantially composed of United States persons; (vi) an entity that is directed and controlled by a foreign government or governments; or (vii) an entity not substantially composed of United States persons that is engaged in the international proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
  • foreign private sector entity  - foreign individuals, sole proprietorships, partnerships, associations, and corporations, private voluntary organizations and non-public educational institutions, as well as all other nonprofit institutions.
  • foreign service  - all officers regardless of field of specialization who are appointed as Foreign Service officers.
  • Foreign Service accountability account  - official funds, excluding funds in foreign currency accounts and local currency deposits, which are made available to U.S. disbursing officers for disbursing and collecting operations. Also called FSA.
  • Foreign Service building  - any building or grounds of the United States which is in a foreign country and is under the jurisdiction and control of the Secretary of State, including residences of United States personnel assigned overseas under the authority of the Ambassador.
  • foreign service national  - Foreign nationals who provide clerical, administrative, technical, fiscal, and other support at foreign service posts abroad and are not citizens of the United States. Also called FSN.
  • foreign service national employee  - An employee appointed under the Foreign Service Act of 1980. An FSN employee is a non-U.S. citizen directly hired by a U.S. Mission, including third-country nationals (TCNs) but excludes official residence staff as well as consular agents, or an AMCIT, unless otherwise indicated. Also called FSN.
  • foreign service national payroll system  - Payroll systems operated by the Financial Service Centers
  • Foreign Service position  - a position established under the authority of the Foreign Service Act of 1980. Also called FS.

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foreign source- (A) a foreign government, including an agency of a foreign government; (B) a legal entity, governmental or otherwise, created solely under the laws of a foreign state or states; (C) an individual who is not a citizen or a national of the United States or a trust territory or protectorate thereof; and (D) an agent, including a subsidiary or affiliate of a foreign legal entity, acting on behalf of a foreign source.

  • foreign source  - a business entity other than a domestic source.
  • foreign state  - outlying possessions of a foreign state, but self-governing dominions or territories under mandate or trusteeship shall be regarded as separate foreign states.
  • foreign student  - A foreign student is a national of a foreign country who comes to the United States to pursue full-time academic or professional study, or to engage in research activities supervised by an approved institution, or a combination of both. It is expected that the student has, as a minimum, the equivalent of the bachelor's degree, but less than the Ph.D. However, under certain circumstances, an undergraduate may be approved for an award, and, likewise, the holder of a doctorate in one field may be considered an advanced student in the particular field or activity he/ she has chosen to pursue during the period of study in the United States.
  • foreign student  - A non-U.S. citizen, non-immigrant student pursuing academic study at a college or university in the United States.
  • foreign terrorist organization  - an organization designated as a foreign terrorist organization by the Secretary of State in accordance with the Immigration and Nationality Act.
  • foreign terrorist organization  - an organization designated as a foreign terrorist organization by the Secretary of State.
  • foreign travel  - travel outside the United States
  • foreign vessel  - any foreign flag or foreign operated vessel that is operated under the jurisdiction or authority of a government other than the United States.
  • foreign vessel  - any foreign-owned vessel or any vessel, regardless of ownership, which is documented under the laws of a foreign country. A vessel owned by a United States citizen, but registered under a foreign flag is a foreign vessel.
  • foreign-flag vessel  - Vessel registered under the laws of a foreign country.
  • foreign-sending country  - the country of the orphans citizenship, or if he or she is not permanently residing in the country of citizenship, the country of the orphans habitual residence. This excludes a country to which the orphan travels temporarily, or to which he or she travels either as a prelude to, or in conjunction with, his or her adoption and/ or immigration to the United States.
  • forensic-enabled intelligence  - The intelligence resulting from the integration of scientifically examined materials and other information to establish full characterization, attribution, and the linkage of events, locations, items, signatures, nefarious intent, and persons of interest. Also called FEI.

  374  

  • forest product  - a product made from materials derived from the practice of forestry or the management of growing timber.
  • form contract  - a contract with standardized terms- (i) used by a person in the course of selling or leasing the person's goods or services; and (ii) imposed on an individual without a meaningful opportunity for such individual to negotiate the standardized terms. This does not include an employer-employee or independent contractor contract.
  • formal learning  - learning taking place in framework of a structured curriculum with an intentional process established for knowledge and/ or skill transfer (e.g., class, seminar, self-study course, mentoring experience).
  • format line  - A single line or grouping of alphanumeric characters that refers to a transmission function(s), accountability, security, or text in a telegram.
  • formation  - any vein, seam, stratum, bed, or other naturally occurring deposit.
  • former beneficiary country  - a country that ceases to be designated as a beneficiary country under this chapter because the country has become a party to a free trade agreement with the United States.
  • former participant  - a person who—
(A) while an employee of the Agency was a participant in the system; and
(B) separates from the Agency without entitlement to immediate receipt of an annuity from the fund.
  • former prisoner of war  - a person who, while serving in the active military, naval or air service, was forcibly detained or interned in line of duty- (A) by an enemy government or its agents, or a hostile force, during a period of war; or (B) by a foreign government or its agents, or a hostile force, under circumstances which the Secretary finds to have been comparable to the circumstances under which persons have generally been forcibly detained or interned by enemy governments during periods of war.
  • former spouse  - any former wife or husband of the retired participant, regardless of the length of marriage or the amount of creditable service completed by the participant.
  • formerly restricted data  - Information removed from the restricted data category upon a joint determination by the Department of Energy (or antecedent agencies) and Department of Defense that such information relates primarily to the military utilization of atomic weapons and that such information can be adequately safeguarded as classified defense information.
  • formerly restricted data  - Information removed from the restricted data category upon determination jointly by the Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Defense (DOD) that such information relates primarily to the military utilization of atomic weapons and that such information can be adequately safeguarded as classified defense information subject to the restrictions on transmission to other countries and regional defense organizations that apply to restricted data.
  • formerly restricted data  - Information removed from the restricted data category upon determination jointly by the Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Defense (DOD) that such information relates primarily to the military utilization of atomic weapons and that such information can be adequately safeguarded as classified defense information subject to the restrictions on transmission to other countries and regional defense organizations that apply to restricted data.
  • forms  - Documents, including form letters, postcards, and memoranda, printed or otherwise reproduced, with fixed captions and spaces designed for entering and extracting prescribed information. This includes printed or electronic forms (including application-generated or Web-based screens) that are

  375 used for manual entry, as well as forms used for office automation to capture or produce information. Certain printed items without fill-in space, such as contract provisions, instruction sheets, notices, certificates, tags, labels, and posters, may be considered as forms when it is advantageous to manage and control them as recurring instruments in conjunction with the objectives of the forms management program.

  • formula marketing arrangement  - the advance commitment of cattle for slaughter by any means other than through a negotiated purchase or a forward contract, using a method for calculating price in which the price is determined at a future date.
  • formula price  - a price determined by a mathematical formula under which the price established for a specified market serves as the basis for the formula.
  • Forum for Security Cooperation  - The body of the Vienna-based Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) that negotiates and reviews implementation of agreements related to arms control, disarmament, and confidence-and-security-building measures, as well as other military and security issues. Also called FSC.
  • forward air controller  - An officer (aviator/ pilot) member of the tactical air control party who, from a forward ground or airborne position, controls aircraft in close air support of ground troops. Also called FAC. See also close air support.
  • forward air controller (airborne)  - A specifically trained and qualified aviation officer, normally an airborne extension of the tactical air control party, who exercises control from the air of aircraft engaged in close air support of ground troops. Also called FAC(A).
  • forward area  - An area in proximity to combat.
  • forward arming and refueling point  - A temporary facility, organized, equipped, and deployed to provide fuel and ammunition necessary for the employment of aviation maneuver units in combat. Also called FARP.
  • forward aviation combat engineering  - A mobility operation in which engineers perform tasks in support of forward aviation ground facilities. Also called FACE. See also combat engineering; reconnaissance.

forward contract- (A) an agreement for the purchase of cattle, executed in advance of slaughter, under which the base price is established by reference to- (i) prices quoted on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange; or (ii) other comparable publicly available prices; or (B) such other forward contract as the Secretary determines to be applicable.

  • forward edge of the battle area  - The foremost limits of a series of areas in which ground combat units are deployed, excluding the areas in which the covering or screening forces are operating, designated to coordinate fire support, the positioning of forces, or the maneuver of units. Also called FEBA.
  • forward line of own troops  - A line that indicates the most forward positions of friendly forces in any kind of military operation at a specific time. Also called FLOT.
  • forward observer  - An observer operating with front line troops trained to adjust ground or naval gunfire and pass back battlefield information. Also called FO. See also forward air controller; spotter.
  • forward operating base  - An airfield used to support tactical operations without establishing full support

  376   facilities. Also called FOB. JP 3‐09.3 )

  • forward operating site  - A scaleable location outside the United States and US territories intended for rotational use by operating forces. Such expandable “warm facilities” may be maintained with a limited US military support presence and possibly pre-positioned equipment. Forward operating sites support rotational rather than permanently stationed forces and are a focus for bilateral and regional training. Also called FOS. See also cooperative security location; main operating base.
  • forward presence  - Maintaining forward-deployed or stationed forces overseas to demonstrate national resolve, strengthen alliances, dissuade potential adversaries, and enhance the ability to respond quickly to contingencies.
  • forward pricing rate agreement  - a written agreement negotiated between a contractor and the Government to make certain rates available during a specified period for use in pricing contracts or modifications. These rates represent reasonable projections of specific costs that are not easily estimated for, identified with, or generated by a specific contract, contract end item, or task. These projections may include rates for such things as labor, indirect costs, material obsolescence and usage, spare parts provisioning, and material handling.
  • forward pricing rate recommendation  - a rate set unilaterally by the administrative contracting officer for use by the Government in negotiations or other contract actions when forward pricing rate agreement negotiations have not been completed or when the contractor will not agree to a forward pricing rate agreement.
  • forward resuscitative care  - Care provided as close to the point of injury as possible based on current operational requirements to attain stabilization, achieve the most efficient use of life-and-limb saving medical treatment, and provide essential care so the patient can tolerate evacuation, which is known as Role 2 care in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization doctrine. Also called FRC. See also essential care; evacuation; medical treatment facility.
  • forward-looking infrared  - An airborne, electro-optical thermal imaging device that detects far-infrared energy, converts the energy into an electronic signal, and provides a visible image for day or night viewing. Also called FLIR.
  • foster fellowship program  - The program that brings noted academics to the State Department for 1-year assignments. The Arms Control and Disarmament Act provides that a] program for visiting scholars in the fields of arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament shall be established in order to obtain the services of scholars from the faculties of recognized institutes of higher learning. The law states that the purpose of the program is to give specialists in the physical sciences and other disciplines an opportunity for active participation in the arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament activities of the Department of State and to enable the Department to gain the perspective and expertise such persons can offer. Foster Fellows serve for 1 year in the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance; the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation; and the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs. Scholars are named in honor of William C. Foster, the first director of the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, who served from 1961 to 1969. Over 60 scholars have served since the program began in 1984.
  • found guilty  - acceptance by a court of a plea of guilty or nolo contendere;
  • found/ cleared improvised explosive device  - improvised explosive device (IED) that has been identified by any method and removed from the battlefield before it can be used as intended.
  • foundation geospatial-intelligence data  - The base underlying data to provide context and a framework for display and visualization of the environment to support analysis operations and intelligence,

  377 which consists of: features; elevation; controlled imagery; geodetic sciences; geographic names and boundaries; aeronautical, maritime and human geography. JP 2‐03 )

  • fragmentary order  - An abbreviated form of an operation order issued as needed after an operation order to change or modify that order or to execute a branch or sequel to that order. Also called FRAGORD.
  • fragmentation improvised explosive device enhancement  - shrapnel and small objects designed to be accelerated by explosive forces that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive device (IED )
  • framework  - The NSDI framework is an initiative to develop a readily available set of basic geographic data. It includes the information, operational environment, and technology to provide access to these data, and the institutional setting to sustain its development.
  • framework data  - Seven themes of geospatial data that are used by most GIS applications (geodetic control, orthoimagery, elevation and bathymetry, transportation, hydrography, cadastral and governmental units). These data include an encoding of the geographic extent of the features and a minimal number of attributes needed to identify and describe the features.

fraud- (1) acts of fraud or corruption or attempts to defraud the Federal Government or to corrupt its agents; (2) acts that constitute a cause for debarment or suspension (as specified in agency regulations), and (3) acts which violate the False Claims Act, or the Anti-kickback Act.

  • fraud resolution services  - services to assist an individual in the process of recovering and rehabilitating the credit of the individual after the individual experiences identity theft.
  • free and secure trade program  - commercial clearance program for known low risk shipments entering the U.S. from Canada and Mexico that allows for expedited processing for commercial carriers who have completed background checks and fulfill certain eligibility requirements.
  • free drop  - The dropping of equipment or supplies from an aircraft without the use of parachutes. See also airdrop; air movement; free fall; high velocity drop; low velocity drop.
  • free fall  - A parachute maneuver in which the parachute is manually activated at the discretion of the jumper or automatically at a preset altitude. See also airdrop; air movement; free drop; high velocity drop; low velocity drop.
  • free federal parking benefit  - unreserved parking space on limited access federally-owned or leased property provided without charge to an employee or members of a carpool.
  • free institution  - an institution that emerged out of Western civilization, such as democracy, constitutional government, individual rights, market economics, religious freedom and religious tolerance, and freedom of thought and inquiry.
  • free mail  - Correspondence of a personal nature that weighs less than 11 ounces, to include audio and video recording tapes, from a member of the Armed Forces or designated civilian, mailed postage free from a Secretary of Defense approved free mail zone.
  • free on board  - This term is used in conjunction with a physical point to determine — (1) The responsibility and basis for payment of freight charges; and (2) Unless otherwise agreed, the point. Also called FOB.
  • free on board destination  - free on board at destination; i.e., the seller or consignor delivers the goods on seller’s or consignor’s conveyance at destination. Unless the contract provides otherwise, the seller

  378   or consignor is responsible for the cost of shipping and risk of loss. Also called f.o.b. destination. CH A )

  • free product  - regulated substance that exists as a liquid and does not dissolve in water can be either light, non-aqueous phase liquids, which “float” above a water table, or dense, non-aqueous phase liquids, which sink (i.e., their downward migration is not arrested when they encounter a water table).
  • freeboard  - the distance from the mark of the load line assigned under this chapter to the freeboard deck.

freeboard deck- (on a cargo vessel) the uppermost deck officially considered to be watertight: used as the level from which the waterline marks are measured.

  • Freedom of Information Act  - A federal law that provides that any person has the right, enforceable in Federal court, to obtain access to Federal agency records, except to the extent that such records (or portions of them) are protected from public disclosure by one of nine exemptions or by one of three special law enforcement record exclusions. Also called FOIA.
  • freedom of navigation operations  - Operations conducted to demonstrate US navigation, overflight, and related interests on, or under, and over the seas.
  • free-fire area  - A specific area into which any weapon system may fire without additional coordination with the establishing headquarters. Also called FFA.
  • Free-flowing  - existing or flowing in natural condition without impoundment, diversion, straightening, rip-rapping, or other modification of the waterway. The existence, however, of low dams, diversion works, and other minor structures at the time any river is proposed for inclusion in the national wild and scenic rivers system shall not automatically bar its consideration for such inclusion: Provided, That this shall not be construed to authorize, intend, or encourage future construction of such structures within components of the national wild and scenic rivers system.
  • freeware  - Software available for use at no monetary cost or for an optional fee, but usually (although not necessarily) with one or more restricted usage rights (e.g., Adobe Reader, Skype).
  • freeware  - Software available for use at no monetary cost or for an optional fee, but usually (although not necessarily) with one or more restricted usage rights (e.g., Adobe Reader, Skype).
  • freight  - supplies, goods, and transportable property.
  • freight forwarding and warehousing services  - Prepares paper work, booking export ocean and air freight shipments of personal property and official supplies from points within the United States to posts abroad. Also, prepares paperwork for receiving, clearing through Customs, and forwarding ocean and air freight shipments of personal property and official supplies to locations in the United States.
  • freight rail  - rail services which concentrate on hauling bulk commodities and large-quantity shipments over long distances.
  • freight vessel  - a motor vessel or any vessel propelled by diesel or other internal combustion engines and that carries freight for hire.
  • frequency  - number of occurrences of an event per defined period of time or number of trials.

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  • frequency deconfliction  - A systematic management procedure to coordinate the use of the electromagnetic spectrum for operations, communications, and intelligence functions. Frequency deconfliction is one element of electromagnetic spectrum management. See also electromagnetic spectrum; electromagnetic spectrum management; electronic warfare.
  • frequentist probability  - interpretation or estimate of probability as the long-run frequency of the occurrence of an event as estimated by historical observation or experimental trials.
  • friable asbestos-containing material  - any asbestos-containing material applied on ceilings, walls, structural members, piping, duct work, or any other part of a building which when dry may be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand pressure. The term includes non-friable asbestos-containing material after such previously non-friable material becomes damaged to the extent that when dry it may be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand pressure.
  • friable asbestos-containing material  - asbestos-containing material, which, when dry, can be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand pressure.
  • friendly  - A contact positively identified as friendly.
  • friendly force information  - operational information on military, federal, state, local, and/ or allied assets operating within the maritime domain.
  • friendly force information requirement  - Information the commander and staff need to understand the status of friendly force and supporting capabilities. Also called FFIR.
  • friendly force tracking  - The process of fixing, observing, and reporting the location and movement of friendly forces. Also called FFT.
  • friendly foreign force  - any military, naval, or air force of any friendly foreign state is operative by virtue of a Presidential declaration.
  • frontier health professional shortage area  - an area- (A) with a population density less than 6 persons per square mile within the service area; and (B) with respect to which the distance or time for the population to access care is excessive.
  • frontline employee  - an employee of a public transportation agency who is a transit vehicle driver or operator, dispatcher, maintenance and maintenance support employee, station attendant, customer service employee, security employee, or transit police, or any other employee who has direct contact with riders on a regular basis, and any other employee of a public transportation agency that the Secretary determines should receive security training.
  • frustrated cargo  - Any shipment of supplies and/ or equipment which, while en route to destination, is stopped prior to receipt and for which further disposition instructions must be obtained.

fuel- (A) gasoline; (B) diesel oil; or (C) other liquid or gaseous fuel that the Secretary decides by regulation to include in this definition as consistent with the need of the United States to conserve energy.

  • fuel cell  - a device that directly converts the chemical energy of a fuel and an oxidant into electricity by electrochemical processes occurring at separate electrodes in the device.
  • fuel improvised explosive device enhancement  - incendiary material designed to enhance the burning and visual effect of the device that is deliberately added as a component to an improvised explosive

  380   device (IED).

  • fuel oxidizer explosive mixture  - explosive mixture of fuel and oxidizer that deflagrates (very rapid burning) or detonates creating a blast wave.
  • full and open competition  - that all responsible sources are permitted to compete.
  • full coach fare  - a coach fare available to the general public between the day that the travel was planned and the day the travel occurred.
  • full cost  - an annual rate as determined by the Secretary that shall amortize the expenditures for construction properly allocable to irrigation facilities in service, including all operation and maintenance deficits funded, less payments, over such periods as may be required under Federal reclamation law or applicable contract provisions, with interest on both accruing from October 12, 1982, on costs outstanding at that date, or from the date incurred in the case of costs arising subsequent to October 12, 1982: Provided, That operation, maintenance, and replacement charges required under Federal reclamation law, including this subchapter, shall be collected in addition to the full cost charge.
  • full mobilization  - Expansion of the active Armed Forces resulting from action by Congress and the President to mobilize for the duration of the emergency plus six months all Reserve Component units and individuals in the existing approved force structure, as well as all retired military personnel, and the resources needed for their support to meet the requirements of a war or other national emergency involving an external threat to the national security.
  • full operating capability  - time at which investment becomes fully operational, with all functions deployed to the designated user(s), as defined by the Program Manager.
  • full performance level  - The full working level of a Civil Service(CS) position or the top grade level in a career ladder. Also called FPL.
  • full retirement status  - phased retiree has ceased employment and is entitled, upon application, to a composite retirement annuity.
  • full time  - recurring basic workweek consisting of 40 hours within the employee’s administrative workweek includes recurring basic work requirement of 80 hours per biweekly pay period (as established for employees with a flexible or compressed work schedule.
  • full-spectrum superiority  - The cumulative effect of dominance in the air, land, maritime, and space domains and information environment (which includes cyberspace) that permits the conduct of joint operations without effective opposition or prohibitive interference.
  • full-time employee  - employee who works at least 80 hours over two weeks.
  • full-time employment  - employment in a position that requires at least 35 hours of service per week at any time, regardless of who fills the position.
  • full-time employment  - full-time employment consists of 35 to 40 hours of work a week. The controlling principle, however, is what is prevailing for the occupation. Airline pilots, for example, may work considerably less than 40 hours a week, but this would probably be considered full-time employment.

  381

  • full-time equivalent  - quantitative expression used to measure staffing resources.
  • full-time equivalent  - The staffing of Federal civilian employee positions, expressed in terms of annual productive work hours (1,776) rather than annual available hours that includes non-productive hours (2,080 hours). FTEs may reflect civilian positions that are not necessarily staffed at the time of public announcement and staffing of FTE positions may fluctuate during a streamlined or standard competition. The staffing and threshold FTE requirements reflect the workload performed by these FTE positions, not the workload performed by actual government personnel. FTEs do not include military personnel, uniformed services, or contract support. Also called FTE.
  • full-time National Guard duty  - training or other duty, other than inactive duty, performed by a member of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States in the member's status as a member of the National Guard of a State or territory, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the District of Columbia for which the member is entitled to pay from the United States or for which the member has waived pay from the United States.
  • full-time temporary employee  - A direct-hire U.S. Government employee who has a regular work schedule of 40 hours per week and who holds an appointment limited to a year or less.
  • fully burdened cost  - the commodity price of the fuel plus the total cost of all personnel and assets required to move and, when necessary, protect the fuel from the point at which the fuel is received from the commercial supplier to the point of use.
  • fully demilitarized  - the destruction of the military offensive or defensive advantages inherent in the equipment or material, including, at a minimum, the destruction or disabling of key points of such equipment or material, such as the fuselage, tail assembly, wing spar, armor, radar and radomes, armament and armament provisions, operating systems and software, and classified items.
  • fully serviced lease  - lease where the landlord has responsibility for operations and maintenance, including the payment of all utilities.
  • function  - any duty, obligation, power, authority, responsibility, right, privilege, discretion, or activity.
  • function  - any duty, obligation, power, authority, responsibility, right, privilege, discretion, or activity.
  • function  - functions, powers, and duties.
  • function  - One of the five major activities in the Incident Command System - Command, Operations, Planning, Logistics, and Finance/ Administration. The term function is also used when describing the activity involved (e.g., the planning function). A sixth function, Intelligence/ Investigations, may be established, if required, to meet incident management needs.
  • function  - service, process, capability, or operation performed by an asset, system, network, or organization.
  • function  - The broad, general, and enduring role for which an organization is designed, equipped, and trained.
  • function code  - A four-digit number that identifies a cost center or a cost pool. For example, function

  382   code 6222 identifies payrolling services and 6148 identifies leasing services.

  • function code  - The numerical code used to categorize an agency’s commercial and inherently governmental activities for inventory reporting purposes.
  • functional activity  - action or collection of actions that deliver a functional capability.
  • functional area  - logical grouping of high-level capabilities needed to fulfill desired outcomes.
  • functional bureau strategies  - A focused, subject matter specific strategic plan developed by each functional bureau that sets priorities and is based on coordination between the functional bureaus and partner regional bureaus, key overseas missions, and interagency partners. The FBS is used to inform budget decisions, advise integrated country strategies, and shape performance reviews. Also called FBS.
  • functional bureaus strategies  - A focused, subject matter specific strategic plan developed by each functional bureau that sets priorities and is based on coordination between the functional bureaus and partner regional bureaus, key overseas missions, and interagency partners. The FBS is used to inform budget decisions, advise integrated country strategies, and shape performance reviews. Also called FBS.
  • functional capability  - organization’s desired or existing ability to contribute to an objective or outcome outlined by the organization typically require a combination of people, process, policy and technology elements.
  • functional component command  - A command normally, but not necessarily, composed of forces of two or more Military Departments which may be established across the range of military operations to perform particular operational missions that may be of short duration or may extend over a period of time. See also component; Service component command.
  • functional damage assessment  - The estimate of the effect of military force to degrade or destroy the functional or operational capability of the target to perform its intended mission and on the level of success in achieving operational objectives established against the target. See also damage assessment; target.
  • functional escalation  - occurrence of increased intensity or seriousness requiring a technical team with a high level of expertise to assist.
  • functional integration  - structured cooperation and collaboration to achieve functional excellence in support of an entity's mission and objectives is accomplished by decreasing fragmentation and duplication, providing enhanced integrated services, and increasing efficiency and quality of management lines of business.
  • functional requirement  - requirement that defines what system products must do and their desired behavior in terms of an effect produced, or an action or service to be performed.
  • functions  - authorities, powers, rights, privileges, immunities, programs, projects, activities, duties, and responsibilities.
  • functions  - powers, duties, authority, responsibilities, and discretion.
  • fund balance  - the sum of—
(A) the investments of the fund calculated at par value; and (B) the cash

  383 balance of the fund on the books of the Treasury. CIA/ DOD, US Code 50, §2001 )

  • fund control  - to management control over the use of funds to insure that- (1) Funds are used only for authorized purposes; (2) They are economically and efficiently used; (3) Obligations and expenditures do not exceed the amounts authorized; and (4) The obligation or expenditure of amounts authorized is not reserved or otherwise deferred without Congressional knowledge and approval.
  • fundamental alteration conducted program or activity  - modification to essential aspect of program, expansion to the substantive scope of a program, or elimination of eligibility requirements for program that impact public safety, as determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security (or designee).
  • funding agreement  - that the Director may make the award only if the applicant makes the agreement involved.
  • funding period  - The period of time when Federal funding is available for obligation by the recipient.

funding period means the period of time when Federal funding is available for obligation by the recipient.

  • funds  - Funds may include cash, uncashed government checks, paid invoices and other receipts for cash, paid vouchers and undeposited checks.
  • funerary object  - an object that, as part of a death rite or ceremony of a culture, is intentionally placed with individual human remains, either at the time of burial or later.
  • fungible good or fungible material  - a good or material, as the case may be, that is interchangeable with another good or material for commercial purposes and the properties of which are essentially identical to such other good or material.
  • fungible goods and fungible materials  - goods or materials, as the case may be, that are interchangeable for commercial purposes and the properties of which are essentially identical.
  • fungible material  - a good or material, as the case may be, that is interchangeable with another good or material for commercial purposes and the properties of which are essentially identical to such other good or material.
  • fungus  - any non-chlorophyll-bearing thallophyte (that is, any non-chlorophyll-bearing plant of a lower order than mosses and liverworts), as for example, rust, smut, mildew, mold, yeast, and bacteria, except those on or in living man or other animals and those on or in processed food, beverages, or pharmaceuticals.
  • fur  - any animal skin or part thereof with hair, fleece, or fur fibers attached thereto, either in its raw or processed state, but shall not include such skins as are to be converted into leather or which in processing shall have the hair, fleece, or fur fiber completely removed.
  • fur product  - any article of wearing apparel made in whole or in part of fur or used fur.
  • fur products bame guide  - the register issued by the Commission.
  • furnishings  - Those items that equip residential quarters for living, such as carpets, draperies or curtains,

  384   lamps, and lighting fixtures. USAID, FAM, 15 FAM 12 )

  • furniture, furnishings, and equipment  - Those items placed in offices and residences of U.S. Government employees. Also called FF&E.
  • fuse and analyze  - ability to establish key characteristics of, to externally collect data, and internally analyze data, information, and intelligence about, hazards, threats, people, cargo, conveyances, and infrastructure within a domain to obtain situational awareness and inform operators and decision- makers about all pertinent aspects of an event or situation.
  • fusion  - a process whereby two light nuclei, such as deuterium and tritium, collide at high velocity, forming a compound nucleus, which subsequently separates into constituents which are different from the original colliding nuclei, and which carry away the accompanying energy release.
  • fusion  - In intelligence usage, the process of managing information to conduct all-source analysis and derive a complete assessment of activity.
  • fusion center  - a collaborative effort of 2 or more Federal, State, local, or tribal government agencies that combines resources, expertise, or information with the goal of maximizing the ability of such agencies to detect, prevent, investigate, apprehend, and respond to criminal or terrorist activity.
  • Fusion Center  - Facility that brings together into one central location law enforcement, intelligence, emergency management, public health, and other agencies, as well as private-sector and nongovernmental organizations when appropriate, and that has the capabilities to evaluate and act appropriately on all available information.
  • fusion center  - physical or logical facility, encompassing all necessary infrastructure required to facilitate nationwide information-sharing between one or more federal, state, and/ or local law enforcement entities, dedicated to the integration of multiple diverse data sources within a defined functional domain collaborative effort of two or more agencies or program offices who provide resources, expertise, and/ or information to the center with the goal of maximizing the ability to detect, prevent, apprehend, and respond to criminal and terrorism related activity by applying the concepts of fusion, and to provide a means of intelligence dissemination.
  • fusion center performance program  - program to measure the capability and performance of the National Network of Fusion Centers over time through the collection of standardized data provides an objective basis to demonstrate the value of fusion centers in supporting national information sharing and homeland security outcomes, and encourages continued coordination among interagency partners to effectively and efficiently support fusion centers.
  • fusion engineering device  - a magnetic fusion facility which achieves at least a burning plasma and serves to test components for engineering purposes.
  • fusion liaison officer  - person who serves as the conduit for the flow of homeland security and crime- related information between the field and the fusion center for assessment and analysis.
  • fusion process  - overarching process of managing the flow of information and intelligence across levels and sectors of government and private industry, which supports the implementation of risk-based, information-driven prevention, response, and consequence management programs.
  • future indicator  - These performance measures are identified for use in the future years of this plan in cases where a Departmental objective represents a long-term, macro-level outcome that is difficult to measure over a longer period of time. The Department aspires to use these more-ideal indicators by 2018 and will develop appropriate measurement methodologies.

  385

  • future procurement monopoly risk  - risk associated with choosing an investment that depends on other technologies or applications that require future procurements to be from a particular vendor or supplier.
  • Future Years Homeland Security Program  - official DHS Program of Record (POR) summarizing DHS programs and associated resources (investments, construction, human capital, information technology, and other support and operating expenses) for the budget year plus four years in support of strategic goals, objectives, and planning priorities and reflects the Administration’s position on the DHS top-line and the allocation of DHS resources across Component programs and DHS missions.
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