From WikiMD

Information about Chromium

Chromium is an essential trace element which plays an important role in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.

Deficiency of Chromium

Chromium deficiency has been linked to insulin resistance and diabetes, and oral supplementation with trivalent chromium has been found to improve insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance. Claims have been made that chromium also benefits muscle building. As a consequence, chromium is a frequent component of vitamin, mineral and general nutritional supplements. Trivalent chromium is not well absorbed as simple salts, and complexes of chromium have better bioavailability.

Dosage and administration for Chromium

Chromium is available in multiple oral formulations (picolinate, dinicocysteinate, complexed with nicotinic acid and in brewer's yeast), in tablets and capsules in concentrations of 150 μg to 1000 μg, and as chromic chloride in a liquid solution (4 μg/mL) for use in parenteral nutrition.

Side effects of Chromium

In concentrations found in foods and in doses used clinically, chromium has been reported to be safe and without appreciable toxicity. Nevertheless, there have been at least two publications describing renal injury from ingestion of moderately high doses of chromium picolinate for 1 and 4 months, one of which was accompanied by transient liver injury with features of acute hepatic necrosis.


High doses of chromium, and particularly hexavalent chromium (6+), can be toxic. Hexavalent chromium is an industrially important metal used in stainless steel and other alloys and is a potent oxidizing agent with known toxicity to industrial workers. Acute, high dose ingestion of chromium (both trivalent and hexavalent) can cause severe, immediate multiorgan (including liver) damage and death. Lower dose chronic occupational exposure is associated with skin and local tissue injury and may be carcinogenic.

Trace Elements in Tissues and Biologic Systems

Aluminum Copper Nickel
Antimony Fluorine Rubidium
Barium Iodine Selenium
Boron Lead Silver
Bromine Lithium Strontium
Cadmium Manganese Tin
Chromium Mercury Vanadium
Cobalt Molybdenum Zinc

The article on Chromium is a stub. YOU can help Wikimd by expanding it!

Medication resources

Learn more


About WikiMD

About us: WikiMD is a free medical encyclopedia and wellnesspedia moderated by medical professionals.

Our mission: Provide up to date physician reviewed health, nutrition and wellness information for free in over 100 languages.

Join us: This article is a stub. Help improve Chromium or others. Do not trust amateurs with your life! Join us in this effort!. Paid editors welcome.

Pubmed.png Uptodate.png Wikipedia Reddit YouTube videos
W8MD weight loss logo

Ad. Tired of being overweight?. W8MD's insurance Weight loss program can HELP*

Quick links: Medicine Portal | Encyclopedia‏‎‏‎ | Gray's Anatomy‏‎ | Topics‏‎ |‏‎ Diseases‏‎ | Drugs | Wellness | Obesity‏‎ | Metabolic syndrome | Weight loss*
Disclaimer: The entire contents of WIKIMD.ORG are for informational purposes only and do not render medical advice or professional services. If you have a medical emergency, you should CALL 911 immediately! Given the nature of the wiki, the information provided may not be accurate, misleading and or incorrect. Use the information on this wiki at your own risk! See full Disclaimer.
Link to this page: <a href="">Chromium</a>

  • Individual results may vary for weight loss from our sponsors.