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Acalabrutinib

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Pronunciation

Uh-KA-luh-BROO-tih-nib

Summary

Acalabrutinib is a medication used to treat a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma known as mantle cell lymphoma in those had previously been treated with another therapy.

Acalabrutinib
Acalabrutinib

Indications

  • Acalabrutinib is a drug used to treat mantle cell lymphoma in patients who have already received at least one other treatment.
  • It is also being studied in the treatment of other types of cancer.
  • Acalabrutinib blocks a protein called Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) , which may help keep cancer cells from growing. It is a type of tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Also called Calquence.


Information about Acalabrutinib

Acalabrutinib is an oral inhibitor of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase that is used in the therapy of B cell malignancies including refractory mantle cell lymphoma.   

Acalabrutinib
Acalabrutinib

Liver safety of Acalabrutinib

Acalabrutinib has not been associated with serum enzyme elevations during therapy or with cases of idiosyncratic acute liver injury, but has been linked to cases of reactivation of hepatitis B

Mechanism of action of Acalabrutinib

  • Acalabrutinib (a kal" a broo' ti nib) is an orally available, small molecule inhibitor of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK), which is an essential component in the B cell receptor signaling pathway. 
  • Inhibition of this pathway prevents B cell activation, differentiation and proliferation. 
  • Deficiency of BTK is the cause of X linked (Bruton’s) agammaglobulinemia, and B cell receptor signaling through BTK has been shown to be critical for proliferation and survival of malignant B lymphocytes in mantle cell lymphoma and CLL. 
  • Unlike ibrutinib, another BTK inhibitor, acalabrutinib has a high degree of specificity for BTK and has little or no activity against EGFR and other tyrosine kinases

FDA approval information for Acalabrutinib

Acalabrutinib was approved for use in the United States as therapy for refractory mantle cell lymphoma in 2017 and is under evaluation in other malignancies such as chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL), pancreatic cancer and non-small cell lung cancer

Dosage and administration for Acalabrutinib

Acalabrutinib is available in capsules of 100 mg under the brand name Calquence.  The recommended dose is 100 mg once daily. 

Flower cell in mantle cell lymphoma
Flower cell in mantle cell lymphoma

Side effects of Acalabrutinib

Side effects are common, but usually mild-to-moderate in severity; they include:

Uncommon, but potentially serious side effects include:

Alphabetic list of antineoplastic agents - 0-9 - A1 - A2 - A3 - A4 - A5 -A6 - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - JK - L - M - NO - PQ - R - S - T - UVW - XYZ

 

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